Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II
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The year 2012 marked the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II being the 60th anniversary of the accession of
Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 14 other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke of York, Duke and Duchess of York (later Kin ...

Queen Elizabeth II
on 6 February 1952. The only diamond jubilee celebration for any of Elizabeth's predecessors was in 1897, for the 60th anniversary of the accession of
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death in 1901. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was Lis ...

Queen Victoria
. Following the tradition of the Queen's
Silver Silver is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an element is a pure substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same n ...
and Golden Jubilees, commemorative events were held throughout the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territorial evolution of the British Empire, territories of the British Empire. The chief ins ...

Commonwealth of Nations
. The Queen and the
Duke of Edinburgh Duke of Edinburgh, named after the city of Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 Council areas of Scotland, council areas. Historically part of the county of Midloth ...
toured the United Kingdom and other members of the royal family toured the rest of the Commonwealth as the monarch's representatives. The Jubilee celebrations marked the beginning of the withdrawal of the Duke of Edinburgh from public life and a more prominent role for the Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry in Commonwealth affairs. Numerous events and tributes were held over the year and throughout the Commonwealth, culminating in a jubilee pageant held in London. The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust was set up as a charitable foundation with a mission to leave a lasting legacy across the Commonwealth. Other projects included the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Wood and the issuing of commemorative medals.


Commonwealth-wide and beyond

At the 2011 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in
Perth Perth () is the list of Australian capital cities, capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's list of cities in Australia by population, fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 mill ...

Perth
, Australia,
British Prime Minister The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, auton ...
David Cameron David William Donald Cameron (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician, businessman, lobbyist In politics, lobbying, persuasion, or interest representation is the act of lawfully attempting to influence the actions, policies, or de ...
announced the creation of the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust, which was officially launched in the UK on 6 February 2012. Chaired by former British prime minister Sir
John Major Sir John Major (born 29 March 1943) is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or sec ...

John Major
, the trust was intended to support charitable organisations and projects across the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territorial evolution of the British Empire, territories of the British Empire. The chief ins ...

Commonwealth of Nations
, focusing on areas such as cures for diseases and the promotion of all types of culture and education. In early 2012, Prime Minister of Australia
Julia Gillard Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is an Australian politician who served as the 27th Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Labor Party from 2010 to 2013, the first and only woman to date to hold either role. She previou ...

Julia Gillard
announced the Australian Crown- in-Council would make an A$5.4 million contribution to the trust and the New Zealand Crown-in-Council later made a similar $1 million donation. The Canadian government announced in April that former prime minister
Jean Chrétien Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien (; born January 11, 1934) is a Canadian politician who served as the 20th prime minister of Canada from 1993 to 2003. Born and raised in Shawinigan, Quebec, Chrétien is a law graduate from Université Laval. He wa ...
would be Canada's representative to the organisation. In February 2012, a senior advisor was quoted as saying the Queen set two guidelines for the planning of her jubilee: the use of public funds should be minimised and people should not "be forced to celebrate". The first major international event of the jubilee celebrations was the
Diamond Jubilee Pageant The Diamond Jubilee Pageant, also branded ''The World Comes to Windsor'', held between 10 and 13 May 2012 was an equine pageant held in the grounds of Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English cou ...

Diamond Jubilee Pageant
, also branded ''The World Comes to Windsor'', a cavalcade held at
Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a List of British royal residences, royal residence at Windsor, Berkshire, Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is strongly associated with the Kingdom of England, English and succeeding British royal family, and e ...

Windsor Castle
to celebrate the Queen's visits to and tours of over 250 countries, as well as her passion for horses. The show, which featured 550 horses and 1,100 performers from around the world, was performed in the evenings between 10 and 13 May, after the daytime events of the annual
Royal Windsor Horse Show The Royal Windsor Horse Show is a horse show at a horse show A horse show is a judged exhibition of horse The horse (''Equus ferus caballus'') is a domesticated odd-toed ungulate mammal. It belongs to the taxonomic family Equidae and is one o ...
had taken place. The Queen attended the final night. On 18 May, the Queen hosted an informal lunch at Windsor Castle for more than twenty current or former monarchs from other countries. In the evening of the same day, the
Prince of Wales Prince of Wales ( cy, Tywysog Cymru, ) is a title traditionally and ceremonially granted to the heir apparent An heir apparent is a person who is first in an order of succession An order of succession or right of succession is the line of ...

Prince of Wales
and the
Duchess of Cornwall Duchess of Cornwall is a courtesy title held by the wife of the duke of Cornwall. The Dukedom of Cornwall is a non-hereditary peerage A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles (and sometimes Life peer, non-here ...
hosted a dinner that most of the monarchs also attended, although the Queen herself was not present. Criticism was directed at the presence of the
King of Bahrain The King of the Kingdom of Bahrain ( ar, ملك مملكة البحرين) is the monarch and head of state of Bahrain. Between 1783 and 1971, the Bahraini monarch held the title of Hakim (title), Hakim, and, from 1971 until 2002, the title of Emi ...
at the lunch, because of alleged repression of protests against the government of Bahrain in that country in 2011. In London, protesters against the King assembled outside Buckingham Palace during the dinner, although he did not attend that event. The lighting of thousands of beacons across the Commonwealth took place on 4 June. The number of beacons was originally set at 2,012, to mark the year 2012. In the end, beacons of more than double that number were lit. The first beacon of the Jubilee was lit on the grounds of Apifo'ou College in
Nukuʻalofa Nukualofa is the capital of Tonga Tonga (; Tongan language, Tongan: ), officially named the Kingdom of Tonga (Tongan language, Tongan: ''Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga''), is a Polynesian country, and also an archipelago comprising List of ...

Nukuʻalofa
, Tonga, by Tongan
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and
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s using coconut sheath torches. Other nations, including
Kenya ) , national_anthem = " Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"() , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Nairobi Nairobi () is the Capital city, capital a ...

Kenya
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, smal ...

Australia
,
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New Zealand
,
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India
,
Seychelles Seychelles (; ), officially the Republic of Seychelles (french: link=no, République des Seychelles; Seychellois Creole, Creole: ''La Repiblik Sesel''), is an archipelago, archipelagic island country in the Indian Ocean at the eastern edge ...

Seychelles
,
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...

Sri Lanka
, and several
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states, took part in the beacon lighting. The world's most remote beacon was lit in
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in the south Atlantic, using invasive, non-native plants to fuel the fire. In the United Kingdom, British servicemen and women wounded in battle and individuals representing charities carried beacons to the summits of the UK's four highest peaks. The Queen lit the beacon outside
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace () is the London official residence, residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospita ...
at 10:30 pm. The lighting proceeded until the final beacon was lit in Canada eight hours later. The Queen's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was hospitalised with a bladder infection on 4 June and thus was not able to attend any of the official events. In his speech given at the conclusion of the Diamond Jubilee Concert, the Prince of Wales commented on the sadness of his father's absence and urged the crowd to cheer loud enough for the Duke to hear in hospital.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne Succ ...
, stated after visiting his father that the latter was watching the celebrations on television. The Queen visited the Duke the following day. That same evening, a pre-recorded message by the Queen was released and aired on television around the world.


Commonwealth realms


Antigua and Barbuda

On 6 and 7 March, The Earl and Countess of Wessex, visited Antigua and Barbuda to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. The Earl and Countess arrived in Nelson's Dockyard on Motor Yacht Leander on the morning of 6 March. They were greeted by Governor-General Dame Louise Lake-Tack, Prime Minister Baldwin Spencer, and members of Parliament. The couple then visited the Copper and Lumber Store Hotel where they met with prominent Antiguans and Barbudans. Following that, the Earl and the Countess toured the Dockyard Museum and saw the "Royal Palm" that the Queen planted in the Dockyard in 1966. A tree planting ceremony in Nelson's Dockyard, was followed by a tour of the Dow's Hill Interpretation Centre at Shirley Heights. The afternoon concluded with a lunch at the Admiral's Inn in Nelson's Dockyard hosted by the Prime Minister. On Tuesday evening, the Governor-General hosted an official State Dinner for the couple at the Mill Reef Club. During the second day of their visit, the Earl and the Countess visited institutions which were related to their personal charity work. The Countess visited the Children's Ward at Mount Saint John's Medical Centre, Princess Margaret School, and the Adele School for Special Children in St. John's, while the Earl visited the Duke of Edinburgh Award Programme and the Antigua Grammar School. To close their visit to Antigua and Barbuda, Prince Edward and Countess Sophie enjoyed a Diamond Jubilee Lunch at the Jumby Bay Resort on Long Island. In June, lighting of a Jubilee Beacon and a Jubilee Service of Thanksgiving also took place in Antigua and Barbuda. 50 Antiguan and Barbudan citizens were presented with the Diamond Jubilee Medal by the Governor-General.


Australia

Quentin Bryce Dame Quentin Alice Louise Bryce, (née Strachan; born 23 December 1942) is an Australian academic who served as the 25th Governor-General of Australia from 2008 to 2014. She is the List of elected and appointed female heads of state, first woman ...

Quentin Bryce
, the
Governor-General of Australia The governor-general of Australia is the representative of the monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, and therefore ...
, announced that the Diamond Jubilee would be celebrated "with a host of national and community events throughout the Commonwealth." In a similar vein, it was said in late 2011 that the government of
Queensland Queensland ( ,) is a state situated in northeastern Australia, and is the States and territories of Australia, second-largest and third-most populous Australian state. It is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wale ...

Queensland
was planning to declare a holiday in June 2012 to mark the jubilee. The
Royal Australian Mint The Royal Australian Mint is the sole producer of all of Australia's circulating coins. Opened in 1965 and situated in the Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising ...

Royal Australian Mint
announced in August 2011 that it would be releasing a silver proof 50-cent coin to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. Australia Post issued a series of special stamps to mark the occasion. Paying tribute to Elizabeth II as
Queen of Australia The monarchy of Australia refers to the institution in which a person serves as Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent) ...
in the
House of Representatives House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure is ...
on 6 February 2012, Prime Minister of Australia
Julia Gillard Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is an Australian politician who served as the 27th Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the Labor Party from 2010 to 2013, the first and only woman to date to hold either role. She previou ...

Julia Gillard
stated the Queen was a revered figure in Australia. Gillard also announced that she would on 4 June light a beacon atop and that a street in the parliamentary triangle in
Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city of Australia. Founded following the Federation of Australia, federation of the colonies of Australia as the seat of government for the new nation, it is Australia's largest inland city and the List of cities ...

Canberra
would be renamed ''Queen Elizabeth Terrace''. Meanwhile, Western Australian Premier
Colin Barnett Colin James Barnett (born 15 July 1950) is a former Australian politician who was the 29th Premier of Western Australia. He had previously served as the state's Treasurer of Western Australia, Treasurer, as well as holding various other portfolio ...
announced on 28 May that a new waterfront development in
Perth Perth () is the list of Australian capital cities, capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's list of cities in Australia by population, fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 mill ...

Perth
would be named
Elizabeth Quay Elizabeth Quay is a mixed-use development Traditional mixed-use development pattern in a city center: Bitola, North Macedonia Mixed-use development is a term used for two related concepts: * In the sense of mixed-use zoning or mixed-use plan ...
in the Queen's honour. A detachment of the
New South Wales Mounted Police The New South Wales Mounted Police Unit is a mounted section of the New South Wales Police Force. Founded by Governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a n ...
performed at the
Diamond Jubilee Pageant The Diamond Jubilee Pageant, also branded ''The World Comes to Windsor'', held between 10 and 13 May 2012 was an equine pageant held in the grounds of Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English cou ...

Diamond Jubilee Pageant
held at Windsor Castle in May 2012. At the end of the same month, Prince Charles presented Diamond Jubilee medals to those in the Victoria Cross and George Cross Association, including three Australian Victoria Cross recipients. A special
ecumenical Ecumenism (), also spelled oecumenism, is the concept and principle in which Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion b ...
service was conducted in
St James' Church, Sydney St James' Church, commonly known as St James', King Street, is an Australian heritage-listed Anglican Church of Australia, Anglican Church (building), parish church located at 173 King Street, Sydney, King Street, in the Sydney central business ...
, at which the invited preacher was Cardinal
George Pell George Pell (born 8 June 1941) is an Australian cardinal Cardinal or The Cardinal may refer to: Christianity * Cardinal (Catholic Church), a senior official of the Catholic Church * Cardinal (Church of England), two members of the Colle ...
and the
Governor of New South Wales The Governor of New South Wales is the Viceroy, viceregal representative of the Monarchy of Australia, Australian monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia ...
,
Marie Bashir Dame Marie Roslyn Bashir, (born 1 December 1930) is the former and second longest-serving Governor of New South Wales. Born in Narrandera, New South Wales, Bashir graduated from the University of Sydney in 1956 and held various medical positions ...
, was the guest of honour. The
Anglican Church of Australia The Anglican Church of Australia, formerly known as the Church of England in Australia, is a Christian church in Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainlan ...

Anglican Church of Australia
also held a service of prayer and thanksgiving to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee at St John's Cathedral in Brisbane, on 20 May 2012. The service was welcomed by
Phillip Aspinall Phillip John Aspinall (born 17 December 1959) is an Australian Anglican bishop. He has been the Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane, archbishop of the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane since February 2002 and was also the Anglican Primate of Australia, P ...
, Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane, and the Homily was given by
Mark Coleridge Mark Benedict Coleridge (born 25 September 1948) is an Australian Roman Catholic, Catholic bishop. Since 11 May 2012 he has served as the seventh Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane. He previously serve ...
, Catholic Archbishop of Brisbane. The guest of honour was the
Governor of Queensland A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (p ...
,
Penelope Wensley Penelope Anne Wensley, (born 18 October 1946) is a former Australian public servant and diplomat who served as the 25th Governor of Queensland from 2008 to 2014. She was previously High Commissioner to India from 2001 to 2004 and Ambassador to ...
, and Ian Walker represented the Queensland Cabinet. Between 5 and 10 November 2012,
Charles, Prince of Wales Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Quee ...

Charles, Prince of Wales
, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, toured the country, travelling to Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, and the Australian Capital Territory.


Bahamas

Prince Harry Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, (Henry Charles Albert David; born 15 September 1984) is a member of the British royal family. As the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, he is sixth in the Succession to the B ...

Prince Harry
toured The Bahamas. There, he attended a reception for youth leaders and met with
Governor-General of the Bahamas The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas is the representative of the Monarchy of the Bahamas, Bahamian monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II). As The Queen cannot reside in all her Commonwealth realm, realms, she appoints represen ...
Sir Arthur Foulkes. The Prince attended an outdoor ceremony where children's schools, clubs, and associations presented themselves and delivered a speech at
Government House Government House is the name of many of the residences of governors-general, governors and lieutenant-governor A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdictio ...
.


Barbados

To mark Elizabeth II's 60 years as Barbados' monarch—as Queen of the United Kingdom between 1952 and 1966 and as
Queen of Barbados The monarch of Barbados is the sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French ''souverain'', which is ultimately derived from the Latin word ''superānus'' ...
thereafter—the country hosted the Queen's youngest son and his wife,
the Earl The EARL is an alternative music venue in Atlanta, Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia, located on Flat Shoals Avenue in the neighborhood of East Atlanta. History The Earl was opened in 1999 by John Searson, a long-time Atlanta resident but a newcomer ...
and Countess of Wessex, between 23 and 24 February 2012. The tour began with the Earl and Countess arriving, aboard RFA ''Fort Rosalie'', at the
Deep Water Harbour The Port of Bridgetown (officially the Deep Water Harbour), (UN/LOCODE: BB BGI, Port Callsign: 8PB) is a seaport in Bridgetown on the southwest coast of Barbados. Situated at the North-Western end of Carlisle Bay, Barbados, Carlisle Bay, the har ...
of Bridgetown, where Barbadian military personnel were given inspection. To a joint sitting of the
Parliament of Barbados In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social re ...
, the Earl read a written message from the Queen, in which the monarch stated she has taken note of the level of development Barbados had achieved during its 45 years of independence and called the country a model small state for others around the world. Parliamentary officials responded with thanks to the Queen for her service to the country and Barbadians and invited her to the island to celebrate the 375th anniversary of the establishment of the Barbadian parliament in 2014. The visiting royal couple opened an exhibit at the
University of the West Indies The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 17 English-speaking countries and Territory (country s ...
,
Cave Hill Campus Cave Hill, St. Michael is a suburban area situated in the parish of Saint Michael Parish, Barbados, St. Michael. It is located about 4 km north-west of the capital city Bridgetown along the west coast of Barbados. The University of the West I ...
, and an official state dinner and reception was held at
Government House Government House is the name of many of the residences of governors-general, governors and lieutenant-governor A lieutenant governor, lieutenant-governor, or vice governor is a high officer of state, whose precise role and rank vary by jurisdictio ...
in the evening. The following day, the Countess visited the Albert C. Graham Children's Development Centre at Ladymeade Gardens, while the Earl presented eight Duke of Edinburgh's Gold Awards to Barbadian youth at a dedication ceremony. Directly following, the couple travelled together to a ceremony to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee, where a plaque was unveiled at the
Kensington Oval The Kensington Oval is a stadium located to the west of the capital city Bridgetown on the island of Barbados Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America, and the mos ...

Kensington Oval
cricket stadium One hundred and twenty-one grounds have hosted Test cricket'' Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national r ...
. Other events included the Earl and Countess lunching with Prime Minister
Freundel Stuart Freundel Jerome Stuart, PC, QC (born 27 April 1951) is a Barbadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Barbados and Leader of the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) from 23 October 2010 to 21 February 2013; and from 21 February 2013 to 25 May ...

Freundel Stuart
at his residence,
Ilaro Court Ilaro Court (pronounced: il'larō kôrt) is the official residence of the Prime Minister of Barbados. History Image:Ilaro garden Barbados 1925.jpg, 240px, 1925 letter to her relations in England from Doris Turnbull, with her design of the lily ...

Ilaro Court
, and touring several areas of Bridgetown that were added to
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organ ...

UNESCO
's list of
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s in 2011. As in other Commonwealth realms, a set of commemorative Diamond Jubilee stamps were released by the Barbados Postal Service. An
ecumenical Ecumenism (), also spelled oecumenism, is the concept and principle in which Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion b ...
thanksgiving service was held at the St. Mary's Anglican Church in
Bridgetown Bridgetown (UN/LOCODE UN/LOCODE, the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations, is a geocode, geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). UN/LOCODE assigns codes to l ...

Bridgetown
on 3 June and a beacon lighting at the Garrison Savannah the following day, where an official
Trooping of the Colour at Trooping the Colour 2007. The rider of the piebald (black-and-white) drum horse, working the reins with his feet, crosses drumsticks above his head in salute. Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiment A regiment is a mi ...
was performed by the
Barbados Defence Force The Barbados Defence Force (BDF) is the name given to the combined armed forces of Barbados Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America, and the most easterly of the Ca ...
and
military tattoo A military tattoo is a performance of music or display of armed forces in general. The term comes from the early 17th-century Dutch phrase ''doe den tap toe'' ("turn off the tap"), a signal sounded by drummers or trumpeters to instruct innkeepers ...
performed by the Royal Barbados Police Force. Members of the Barbados Boys Scout Association with high honours were chosen to aid in the actual beacon lighting.


Belize

In Belize, the Governor-General of Belize, Governor-General- in-Council and the Belize Tourism Board organised a tour of the country by
Prince Harry Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, (Henry Charles Albert David; born 15 September 1984) is a member of the British royal family. As the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, he is sixth in the Succession to the B ...

Prince Harry
, between 2 and 3 March 2012, as part of the country's celebrations of Elizabeth II's 60th year as monarch of Belize, first as Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Queen of the United Kingdom and then, after 1981, as Monarchy of Belize, Queen of Belize. Harry visited Belmopan and San Ignacio, Belize, San Ignacio where ceremonies and events had less emphasis on state protocol. In the capital, Harry unveiled a series of commemorative stamps issued by the Belize Postal Service, attended the city's street festival, and dedicated a street as ''Queen Elizabeth II Boulevard'', where he delivered a speech on the sovereign's behalf.


Canada


Planning

Forethought on the anniversary began as early as April 2007, when then-Secretary of State for Canadian Heritage Jason Kenney requested the various Lieutenant Governor (Canada), lieutenant governors begin preparations for the jubilee. Three years later, the question of a national holiday to mark the jubilee was raised in the media and a series of official announcements were made by the Minister of Canadian Heritage. The Canadian Secretary to the Queen, Secretary to the Queen, Kevin S. MacLeod, was charged by the Queen-in-Council, Governor General-in-Council to head the Diamond Jubilee Committee (DJC)—a 14-member group of individuals drawn from the provincial and territorial governments, non-governmental organisations, officials from the Departments of Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Citizenship and Immigration, Department of National Defence (Canada), National Defence, and Department of Canadian Heritage, Canadian Heritage (DCH), and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police—that oversaw the organisation of the country's fêtes for Elizabeth II's 60 years as Monarchy of Canada, Queen of Canada. Similarly, Premier of Alberta Ed Stelmach in February 2011 tasked the Alberta Chief of Protocol and the Private Secretary to the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta to form and head a committee to develop plans for the province's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. As with other royal events, the DCH played a large role in organisation and planning. $7.5 million of resources, granted to the DCH in the previous budget approved by the federal parliament, was allocated for federal jubilee celebrations, education and awareness, and distribution to community groups; $2 million was for events in the Queen's honour and $3.7 million was allocated for the Diamond Jubilee medal. The total amount was reduced by Minister of Canadian Heritage James Moore (Canadian politician), James Moore from the DJC's original estimate of $8.8 million.


Pre-events

The Queen, on 3 July 2010, dedicated the Queen Elizabeth II Gardens outside Government House (Manitoba), her official residence in Manitoba and there planted an Amber Jubilee Physocarpus, Ninebark shrub, the cultivar having been created specifically for the Diamond Jubilee. At Rideau Hall in Ottawa, she also, on 30 June, unveiled a commemorative stained glass window depicting herself and Queen Victoria with their respective royal cyphers and renditions of the Centre Block of the Parliament of Canada, Canadian parliament during the reign of each monarch. The window, a gift from the Senate of Canada, Canadian Senate, was installed above the Senate entrance to the Centre Block and dedicated by Governor General of Canada, Governor General David Johnston on 7 February 2012. A corbel within the Sovereigns' Arches of the Centre Block#Senate foyer, Senate foyer was sculpted into a rendition of the Queen and unveiled on 9 December 2010 by the Governor General. The Royal Canadian Mint also issued an "extensive set" of coins to mark the anniversary. Further, the Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery (RRCA) in 2011 presented the Queen, their captain-general since 1952, with a diamond and gold brooch, made by Birks & Mayors in the form of the regiment's cap badge, and announced the creation of The Captain General's Diamond Jubilee Bursary Award for educational activities of members of the RRCA and family.


Diamond Jubilee Week

Diamond Jubilee Week began on Accession Day (6 February) 2012. That day, the Royal standards of Canada#Sovereign's standard, monarch's personal standard for Canada was unfurled at Rideau Hall and on Parliament Hill, as well as at provincial Government Houses in Canada, royal residences and Legislative Assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories, legislatures across the country; permission was granted by the Queen to break the usual protocol of flying the banner only where the sovereign is physically present. At noon on the same day, the Peace Tower#Carillon, Peace Tower carillon played a tribute to Elizabeth II. The Prime Minister and the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada issued statements commending the Queen for her six decades of "dedicated service to our country, to the Commonwealth and to the world." Also on 6 and 7 February, the first of the 60,000 Canadian Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medals to be distributed to citizens and permanent residents were handed out by Lieutenant governor (Canada), lieutenant governors, Commissioner#Canada, commissioners, and other dignitaries across the country; 60 individuals were given theirs personally by the Governor General at Rideau Hall. All federal Member of Parliament (Canada), Members of Parliament (MPs) received the award automatically and a few refused, some because they belonged to the Quebec sovereignty movement, Quebec separatist Bloc Québécois, and one because he felt the money being spent by the Crown on jubilee events and markers was a waste. Citizens for a Canadian Republic claimed that day that the government's spending of money on the Queen's jubilee was to be expected "from the personality cult dynasties of North Korea or Syria". The Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society claimed it would stage "counter-celebrations". In Nova Scotia, the provincial government announced the establishment of educational programmes related to the Queen and her role in Canadian government and the one-time award of the $2000 Diamond Jubilee Award Scholarship to 60 Grade 12 students in the province. There and in other provinces and territories, various events were held on Accession Day, other days during Diamond Jubilee Week, and past its end. The Speaker of the Senate (Canada), Speaker of the Senate, Noël Kinsella, and Speaker of the House of Commons (Canada), Speaker of the House of Commons, Andrew Scheer, were received by the Queen at
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace () is the London official residence, residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospita ...
on 21 February 2012, where they presented a loyal address to the sovereign. The Canadian Postal Museum also opened on 19 March the exhibition Designed for a Queen, which displayed 645 postal portraits of the Queen from Canada, other
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territorial evolution of the British Empire, territories of the British Empire. The chief ins ...

Commonwealth of Nations
countries, and British Overseas Territories.


Royal tour

Charles, Prince of Wales Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Quee ...

Charles, Prince of Wales
, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, toured parts of the country in May, making stops in New Brunswick, Ontario, and Saskatchewan. In an editorial he wrote for ''The Globe and Mail'', Charles stated he wanted his activities during the tour to reflect the jubilee's "central theme of service to others" and expressed that he was "returning to Canada in this special Jubilee year, to renew my own pledge of service and to encourage others to consider how they might contribute their own particular talent". In that vein, he in all three provinces visited with people associated with his organisation The Prince's Charities#The Prince's Trust Canada (formerly The Prince's Charities Canada), The Prince's Charities Canada and presented Diamond Jubilee Medals to recipients. The couple arrived at Saint John Airport on the evening of 20 May. The following day, they were formally welcomed by the Governor General and met at CFB Gagetown, Canadian Forces Base Gagetown with young Canadian Forces veterans and mentors involved in the Military Entrepreneurship program before moving on to Saint John, New Brunswick, Saint John. There, they undertook a walking tour of Prince William Street to observe heritage projects and meet the 2002 Committee for the Prince of Wales Municipal Heritage Leadership Prize, participated in a citizenship ceremony, attended Victoria Day events, and opened the Diamond Jubilee IT Centre at Hazen-White-St. Francis School. They then flew on to Toronto to meet with emergency workers and their families and observe the annual fireworks show at The Beaches, Ashbridges Bay that marks Victoria Day and the Queen's Birthday#Canada, Queen's official Canadian birthday. On 22 May, the couple attended an event hosted by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, David Onley, at Queen's Park (Toronto), Queen's Park. After, the Duchess visited The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, of which she is colonel-in-chief, laying at the armoury a wreath in memory of fallen Canadian soldiers, while the Prince of Wales saw the Digital Media Zone at Ryerson University, toured the construction site of the athletes' village for the 2015 Pan American Games (where Premier of Ontario Dalton McGuinty announced a portion of Front Street (Toronto), Front Street running through the village would be named ''Diamond Jubilee Promenade''), visited the Yonge Street Mission, and met with the national leadership of the Assembly of First Nations. The couple also attended a luncheon hosted by the government of Ontario and participated in a Canadian Forces event at Fort York commemorating the 200th anniversary of the War of 1812, the Prince there wearing his uniform of a Lieutenant-general (Canada), lieutenant-general of the Canadian Army. They arrived in Regina, Saskatchewan, Regina on 23 May and marked the centenary of Saskatchewan Legislative Building, Saskatchewan's legislative building, participated in a reception held by the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan at Government House, toured the First Nations University of Canada, and visited an environmentally friendly water purification plant. In the evening, the Prince and Duchess attended at the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) Depot Division Drill Hall a performance of the Regina Symphony Orchestra, of which Prince Charles is patron. There, the Prime Minister announced that Charles was to be appointed Honorary Commissioner of the RCMP, taking the post from his mother, the Queen, who became the RCMP's Commissioner-in-Chief. New Democratic Party of Canada, New Democratic Party MP Pat Martin, an open anti-monarchist, stated in the House of Commons of Canada, House of Commons that the tour was "a Bread and circuses, bread-and-circuses routine" intended to distract from cuts to the Public Service of Canada, federal civil service. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, James Moore (Canadian politician), James Moore, said the tour would be the "least expensive for taxpayers" of those that had taken place since 2009.


Events through June

At the Queen's request, members of the RCMP's Musical Ride, after performing in the
Diamond Jubilee Pageant The Diamond Jubilee Pageant, also branded ''The World Comes to Windsor'', held between 10 and 13 May 2012 was an equine pageant held in the grounds of Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English cou ...

Diamond Jubilee Pageant
at
Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a List of British royal residences, royal residence at Windsor, Berkshire, Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is strongly associated with the Kingdom of England, English and succeeding British royal family, and e ...

Windsor Castle
, took part in the Changing of the Guard on 23 May as they formed the Queen's Guard, Queen's Life Guard outside Buckingham Palace for 24 hours. Said by the contingent's commander to be a "way for Canada and the Mounties to salute her Majesty the Queen in her Diamond Jubilee year", it was the second time the RCMP had performed the task since doing so as a part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations for Queen Victoria in 1897. In the Parliament of Canada, federal parliament on 31 May, a loyal address to the Queen was passed. The Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba held a Diamond Jubilee garden party at the province's Government House on 26 May. The Royal British Columbia Museum on 1 June opened an exhibition of approximately 100 Cecil Beaton photographs of Elizabeth II throughout her life. A team of Canadian and British mountaineers reached the summit of Barbeau Peak, Mount Barbeau, in Canada's arctic, by 3 June and there held a tea party in celebration of the jubilee. From the summit, they sent a loyal greeting to the Queen via satellite, to which the monarch promised to reply. The next day, a group from the Royal Canadian Dragoons stationed in Afghanistan climbed with British soldiers to the peak of the 7,000 foot mountain Gharib Ghar, within the Kabul Military Training Center, "as part of the Diamond Jubilee celebrations for Queen Elizabeth II." In the United Kingdom, Canada House held a Big Jubilee Lunch on 3 June and two beacons were lit on the building's roof the following evening, the night of the Diamond Jubilee Concert. Johnston attended both events and Harper was at the latter. Another reception was held at Canada House on the evening of 6 June, at which the Governor General and Prince Andrew, Duke of York, were present. Harper was granted an audience with the Queen at Buckingham Palace on 5 June. Also at the palace, the Governor General, the Prime Minister, and the Queen unveiled a Canadian royal symbols#Artworks, new portrait of the sovereign commissioned by the federal Crown-in-Council and painted by Canadian painter Phil Richards. The creation of the portrait became the subject of a National Film Board of Canada (NFB) documentary directed by Hubert Davis (filmmaker), Hubert Davis and released in the fall of 2012 as part of the NFB's ''Queen's Diamond Jubilee Collector's Edition''. The painting was on 25 June installed in the ballroom at Rideau Hall. Dedicated at the same time by the Governor General were new bronze and glass handrails, with detailing evoking the Diamond Jubilee, flanking the ceremonial staircase in Rideau Hall's main entrance foyer. On 12 June 2012, the government of the Northwest Territories (NWT) and the City of Yellowknife held at the Northern Arts and Cultural Centre a garden party with barbecue, concert, and other activities. On 14 June, Amber Jubilee Ninebark shrubs were planted on the grounds of the NWT legislative assembly. Four days later, a gala concert was held at Roy Thomson Hall in Toronto, at which 600 diamond jubilee medals were awarded to members of the Order of Canada and Order of Ontario. The event, hosted by the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, was attended by the Governor General and his wife and performers included the Famous People Players, Susan Aglukark, Molly Johnson, Ben Heppner, and Gordon Lightfoot, who conceived the idea of the event.


Further events

The Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan held a garden party at Government House (Saskatchewan), Government House on Canada Day and, in the Northwest Territories, the Canada Day parade was themed to celebrate the jubilee and numerous jubilee medal presentation ceremonies took place. Also on 1 July, the Canadian Museum of Civilization opened the exhibit ''A Queen and Her Country'', showing artefacts from the Crown Collection relating to Queen Elizabeth II and her role as Queen of Canada, including the Queen's Beasts from Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, her coronation. At Rideau Hall on 11 September, a reception, attended by the Governor General; his wife;
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne Succ ...
; Sophie, Countess of Wessex; and others, was held for the Royal Victorian Order Association of Canada and to "honour of the 60th anniversary of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s accession to the Throne." The Earl also distributed Diamond Jubilee Medals to recipients in Toronto and to members of the RCMP in Iqaluit, Nunavut. The government of the Northwest Territories held through September an essay contest for youth to explain "how the Queen is important to First Nations and Métis people (Canada), Métis people." A conference on the Canadian Crown was conducted in Saskatchewan on 25 October. The Governor General the following day unveiled a plaque identifying the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Trail, a part of the Trans Canada Trail between the West Block on Parliament Hill and the Supreme Court of Canada. In Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Highway 106, highway 106 was renamed as ''Jubilee Highway''. Communities across Canada also held events to mark the jubilee, as did the federal government until the jubilee celebration ended on Accession Day 2013.


Jamaica

Prince Harry Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, (Henry Charles Albert David; born 15 September 1984) is a member of the British royal family. As the younger son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, he is sixth in the Succession to the B ...

Prince Harry
toured Jamaica between 5 and 8 March 2012, participating in various events marking his grandmother's Diamond Jubilee as Jamaica's queen regnant, first as Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Queen of the United Kingdom, between 1952 and 1962, and subsequently as Monarchy of Jamaica, Queen of Jamaica (Jamaica will also thus be concurrently celebrating 50 years of independence). During the tour, the Prince partook in military exercises with the Jamaica Defence Force, visited Bustamante Hospital for Children and, in Trelawny Parish, visited Water Square, Falmouth Pier, and the William Knibb Baptist Church, where he paid respect at the William Knibb memorial. The Prince attended an event for the charity Rise Life, ran with Usain Bolt at the latter's training ground at the
University of the West Indies The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 17 English-speaking countries and Territory (country s ...
, Mona, Jamaica, Mona. There, he was also named an Honorary Fellow of the university. A Jamaica Night reception was held at the Royal Caribbean Hotel in Montego Bay and Governor-General of Jamaica Sir Patrick Allen (politician), Patrick Allen hosted a dinner at King's House, Jamaica, King's House as a combined celebration of the Diamond Jubilee and Jamaica's 50th anniversary of independence. The Prime Minister, Portia Simpson Miller, stated the tour was intended to "highlight the country's tourism developments on the North Coast and the important work being done in the area of youth and children." The Governor-General and his wife travelled to London, United Kingdom (UK), to partake in various events there in June, including a reception held by the High Commissioner of Jamaica to the UK. Jamaica's Diamond Jubilee celebrations proceeded despite Miller's ongoing work to have the country become a republic.


New Zealand

Sir Jerry Mateparae, the Governor-General of New Zealand, unveiled New Zealand's Diamond Jubilee emblem on 27 November 2011, and announced at that time that a full programme would be forthcoming. New Zealand Post and the Reserve Bank of New Zealand issued a silver proof dollar coin to celebrate the jubilee in February 2012, and in the same month the Ministry for Culture and Heritage added Crown-related entries to ''Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand'' and an essay on the jubilee to NZ.History.net.nz. The New Zealand post also issued sets of Diamond Jubilee stamps showing images of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip throughout her reign. Prime Minister John Key moved a motion in the New Zealand House of Representatives, House of Representatives congratulating the Queen on her Diamond Jubilee on 7 February. The Queen-in-Council, Governor-General-in-Council also launched, two days later, via the Ministry of Health (New Zealand), Ministry of Health, the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Research Grant, "seeking to purchase research projects that transfer knowledge from initiatives with proven effectiveness, into practice in the health sector". The New Zealand Army Band took part in the Diamond Jubilee Pageant held at Windsor Castle and also took part in the changing of guard ceremony at Buckingham Palace. In New Zealand, ''New Zealand Herald'' opinion columnist Jim Hopkins was critical of the jubilee celebrations held over the Queen's Birthday#New Zealand, Queen's Birthday weekend, calling it a "missed opportunity". He was also critical of TVNZ's lack of jubilee related content in its daily news broadcast. A royal tour was undertaken by
Charles, Prince of Wales Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Quee ...

Charles, Prince of Wales
, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, between 10 and 16 November 2012. travelling to Auckland, Wellington, New Zealand, Wellington, Christchurch, and Manawatu. Their programme is to focus on excellence and innovation in business, agriculture, community service, and sports, as well as children's literacy and animal health.


Papua New Guinea

Charles, Prince of Wales Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Quee ...

Charles, Prince of Wales
, and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, toured Papua New Guinea between 3 and 5 November. The Prince of Wales spoke to crowds in Port Moresby in the pidgin language of Tok Pisin, referring to himself as 'namawan pikinini bilong misis kwinn' (the number one child of The Queen). He and delivered greetings from The Queen in Tok Pisin: "''Mi bringim bikpela tok hamamas bilong mejesti kwin Papua Niugini na olgeta haus lain bilong mi lon dispela taim bilong Diamon Jubili misis kwin. Mi tokpisin olrite?''" (I bring you greetings from Her Majesty the Queen of Papua New Guinea and from all my family members during this celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of the Queen. Was my Pisin correct?). During their time in the country, the Prince and the Duchess met church, charity, and community volunteers, cultural groups, and members of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force in and near Port Moresby.


Saint Kitts and Nevis

Historical re-enactments were put on in Saint Kitts and Nevis for the Earl and Countess of Wessex, who arrived on 3 March 2012. There, the couple met with Governor-General Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Prime Minister Denzil Douglas, and other dignitaries, watched cultural shows (including the performance of a Calypso music, calypso song about the Queen), and the Earl unveiled a plaque commemorating the Diamond Jubilee and officially designated the Basseterre Valley Park as the Royal Basseterre Valley Park. They also visited Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park and the children's ward of the JNF Hospital and the Children's Home before attending a state dinner and fireworks display at Port Zante.


Saint Lucia

The Earl and Countess of Wessex arrived in Saint Lucia on 21 February 2012. Governor-General Dame Pearlette Louisy hosted a Charity Banquet and Ball at Government House on 9 June to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. The event included a gourmet charity dinner, followed by dancing to the accompaniment of a full orchestra by the Royal Saint Lucia Police Band. The event was held under the theme "A Diamond Moment In Time?". The proceeds of the event went towards several charities supported by Government House.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

In Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, a Diamond Jubilee Celebrations Committee was established to oversee events staged to mark, between February and June 2012, the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II's accession as queen regnant of the country, from 1952 to 1979 as Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Queen of the United Kingdom and thereafter as Monarchy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The committee head, former Minister of Culture Rene Baptiste, stated the aim was to "showcase what we have to offer, as well as our loyalty to the Parliament..." The Earl and Countess of Wessex, aboard RFA ''Fort Rosalie'', arrived for their tour of country on 25 February and visited the restored Botanic Gardens St. Vincent and planted a Pink Poui tree, attended an official lunch at Government House, and planted Roystonea, Royal Palms on the Grenadines. Trade unionist Noel Jackson said he heard displeasure expressed by Vincentians towards the royal tour and that "a lot of people were cursing." Senator Julian Francis, the General Secretary of the governing Unity Labour Party, stated the public reaction to the presence of the royal couple "confirmed to me that we could not have won 2009 Vincentian constitutional referendum, the 2009 referendum on a republic. The outpouring of the people in St. Vincent to come and greet Prince Edward yesterday confirmed to me that people, in the majority in St. Vincent, still want the monarchy... It was like a carnival in town yesterday." A Diamond Jubilee Lecture was delivered in March, a flower show and tea party was held at Government House on 4 and 5 May, a stamp exhibition was mounted at the National Trust headquarters and an exhibition of photographs of the Queen in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was displayed at the National Public Library. A Queen's Birthday parade took place, as did a Diamond Jubilee Beacon Event on 4 June, part of the wider plan to light such beacons at the same time across the Commonwealth.


United Kingdom

File:Cmglee Sea Containers House OXO Tower jubilee.jpg, Sea Containers House decorated with a Largest photographs in the world, large photograph of Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II, her Silver Jubilee


Planning

As with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Golden Jubilee in 2002, the Department for Culture, Media and Sport was responsible for coordinating the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, Cabinet-led aspects of the celebrations. Events were planned so as to keep the use of tax money to a minimum; most funds used to fund celebrations were drawn from private donors and sponsors. Only the cost of security was by HM Treasury, Her Majesty's Treasury. The British logo for the Diamond Jubilee was selected through a contest held by the BBC children's programme ''Blue Peter''; the winning design, announced in February 2011, was created by ten-year-old Katherine Dewar.


Extended weekend

On 5 January 2010, the Lord President of the Council and Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, Business Secretary Peter Mandelson, Lord Mandelson announced that an extra bank holiday would take place on 5 June 2012. Moving the Spring Bank Holiday (the last Monday in May) to 4 June resulted in a four-day holiday in honour of the Diamond Jubilee. As national holidays are a Reserved and excepted matters, devolved matter, Scotland's First Minister of Scotland, first minister confirmed that the bank holiday would be held on 5 June in Scotland. Some economists later theorised that the holiday could reduce the country's gross domestic product by 0.5% in the second quarter of the year, though this would be partially offset by increased sales for the hospitality and merchandise sectors. Many events were staged in London during the bank holiday weekend. The River Thames, River Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant was held on 3 June; a maritime parade of 1,000 boats from around the Commonwealth—the largest flotilla seen on the river in 350 years—together with other celebrations along the river banks. Heavy rain started during the event and the commemorative airforce flyover at the end was cancelled due to very low cloud base and bad visibility at ground level. Along with almost all members of the royal family, various governors-general from the Commonwealth realms other than the UK were in attendance. The Diamond Jubilee Concert, with a preceding afternoon picnic in the palace gardens for the 10,000 concert ticket holders, was held the following day, in front of
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace () is the London official residence, residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospita ...
, and featured acts representing each decade of the Queen's 60-year reign. Street party, Street parties were permitted to take place across the country. Special community lottery grants, called ''The Jubilee People's Millions'', are being offered by the Big Lottery Fund and ITV plc, ITV. Members of the royal family, governors-general, and prime ministers from the Commonwealth realms were present at various functions held on 4 and 5 June: A reception took place at Buckingham Palace before the Diamond Jubilee Concert and a service of thanksgiving was conducted the following day at St Paul's Cathedral, St. Paul's Cathedral, also attended by 2,000 other guests. Will Todd's anthem "The Call of Wisdom", commissioned specially for this event, was performed by the Diamond Choir, made up of about 40 children from around the UK. The Archbishop of Canterbury dedicated his sermon to the Queen, during which he noted her "lifelong dedication" and stated that she "has made her 'public' happy and all the signs are that she is herself happy, fulfilled and at home in these encounters." Afterwards, a formal lunch was held in Westminster Hall. The Queen returned to
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace () is the London official residence, residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospita ...
at 2:20 pm, in an open top carriage procession and escorted by The Household Cavalry Regiment.Diamond Jubilee: Flypast brings celebrations to an end
BBC News. Accessed 24 June 2012.
Another reception was held at Guildhall, London, London's Guildhall and a luncheon took place at Lancaster House, hosted by the British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. A reception solely for governors-general was held by the Queen at Buckingham Palace. The weekend of celebrations ended with a balcony appearance at Buckingham Palace. The Queen appeared on the balcony with the Prince of Wales, the Duchess of Cornwall, the Duke of Cambridge, the Duchess of Cambridge, and Prince Harry in front of cheering crowds outside the palace and along The Mall, London, The Mall. There followed a feu de joie and a flypast by the Red Arrows and historic aircraft, including the last flying Lancaster bomber in Britain. Several media commentators commented on the significance of only senior members of the royal family appearing on the balcony. BBC royal correspondent Peter Hunt remarked that it "sent a message demonstrating both continuity and restraint at a time of austerity".


Permanent tributes

To mark the jubilee, the Queen bestowed List of UK place names with royal patronage#Royal Borough, Royal Borough status on Royal Borough of Greenwich, Greenwich, in southeast London. In addition, a competition was held to grant in 2012 City status in the United Kingdom, city status to towns and either a List of lord mayoralties and lord provostships in the United Kingdom, lord mayoralty or lord provostship to one city. City status was awarded to Chelmsford in England, Perth, Scotland, Perth in Scotland and St Asaph in Wales. Armagh, Northern Ireland, was awarded the Lord Mayoralty. The Olympic park in East London, created for the 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 London Olympics, was named the Olympic Park, London, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park following the Olympics. The Queen Elizabeth II Fields Challenge (Queen Elizabeth Fields Challenge in Scotland) was a project of the charity Fields in Trust to safeguard parks and green spaces as public recreation land in perpetuity for future generations to enjoy, and to provide a permanent legacy of the Diamond Jubilee and the Olympics. The Woodland Trust planned to establish 60 Jubilee woodlands during 2011 and 2012, one of almost 500 acres – Flagship Diamond Wood, Leicestershire – and the remainder 60 acres each. A stained glass window, paid for by MPs and members of the House of Lords, was unveiled in the Queen's presence at Westminster Hall in March 2012. In addition, a majority of MPs endorsed the renaming of the clock tower of Westminster Palace that houses Big Ben, to the Elizabeth Tower. The Royal Jubilee Bells, made for the Jubilee and a feature of the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant, were delivered to the church of St James Garlickhythe in the City of London on 15 June 2012 and arranged along the central aisle. They were dedicated by the John Waine, Rt Revd John Waine on Sunday 17 June and hanging commenced in the tower shortly thereafter. They were rung for the first time in the church on 4 July. The Royal Mint issued a number of coins including an official £5 coin, a 5oz coin and a kilo coin. A five-pound sterling silver coin was issued by the Government of Gibraltar to mark the occasion. In October 2012 it was announced that the Queen would bestow the honorary title of Regius Professorship to up to six university chairs in the United Kingdom, to recognise "excellence in teaching and research"; the number was chosen to represent the decades of the Queen's reign. The full list was announced on 29 January 2013 and comprised twelve new chairs, in recognition of the "exceptionally high quality" of the departments considered. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Kew Gardens announced that the Main Gate, the entrance to the gardens from Kew Green, was to be renamed Elizabeth Gate in honour of the Queen. Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy, Princess Alexandra attended the naming ceremony on 21 October 2012. On 18 December 2012, the British Foreign Office announced that a portion of the British Antarctic Territory was to be named Queen Elizabeth Land in honour of Her Majesty in her diamond jubilee year. A seemingly less permanent tribute that gained widespread popularity was a work provided by street artist Banksy. His Slave Labour (mural), "Slave Labour" stencil on a north London wall offered pointed criticism of the jubilee celebrations and the conditions that support British nationalism. The mural's removal and subsequent attempted sale at auction in February 2013 sparked international controversy, highlighting the piece's worth to local and regional residents. Its title, perhaps coincidentally, conjured another contentious part of the celebrations where unemployed workers, bussed into London on an allegedly unpaid trial to staff security for the event, were made to work under what some described as "appalling" conditions.


Other events

On Accession Day, 6 February, a 62-21-gun salute, gun salute was mounted on the banks of the River Thames, near the Tower of London and the Queen made a visit to Norfolk, one of the first places the monarch visited after acceding to the throne. Later in the month, Queen Elizabeth attended a multi-faith (Bahá'í, Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Jain, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, and Zoroastrian) reception held at the residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lambeth Palace, in honour of the jubilee. The Queen addressed both houses of Parliament of the United Kingdom, parliament in Westminster Hall on 20 March 2012. Also in March, the Royal Commonwealth Society launched the Jubilee Time Capsule to mark the jubilee. The BBC, British Broadcasting Corporation and Andrew Marr created the television documentary ''The Diamond Queen (TV programme), The Diamond Queen'', in which various members of the royal family and current and former politicians spoke about the sovereign and her life. The documentary was criticised by the campaign group Republic (political organisation), Republic, which argued that it breached BBC guidelines on impartiality.BBC royal series The Diamond Queen biased, Republic says
, ''BBC News''
At Buckingham Palace, a display of the Queen's diamonds was opened to the public. On 4 June, the bells in each of the 34 church bell towers along the River Welland valley rang in succession, ending with the ringing of the bell at Fosdyke 60 times. On 19 May, the Queen attended the Diamond Jubilee Armed Forces Parade and Muster, the British Armed Forces' own tribute to the monarch, in
Windsor Castle Windsor Castle is a List of British royal residences, royal residence at Windsor, Berkshire, Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is strongly associated with the Kingdom of England, English and succeeding British royal family, and e ...

Windsor Castle
and nearby Home Park, Windsor, Home Park. The first time all three services had assembled for the Queen for such an event at the same time, it featured military reviews and a 2,500 strong military parade through the town, as well as a military flypast featuring 78 aircraft. A Nowka Bais competition in Oxford was dedicated to the Diamond Jubilee. The Queen issued a statement on the event and expressed her interest about the Bengali sporting tradition to the event organisers.


Overseas territories

Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, toured the British Virgin Islands (BVI) in March 2012. On Montserrat, he met participants in the Sailability BVI programme, including Special Olympics medallists, and staff and associates of the Eslyn Henley Ritchie Learning Centre, BVI Technical and Vocational Institute, BVI Services, and the Department of Youth Affairs and Sports.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne Succ ...
, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, visited the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar, between 11–13 June 2012, and Montserrat. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (Spain), Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation expressed "upset and concern" about the couple's tour of Gibraltar, which Spain claims as Spanish territory.


Other realms

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, visited the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. The Queen's realms throughout the Caribbean and West Indies planned a number of Diamond Jubilee events. Using RFA ''Fort Rosalie'',
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne Succ ...
, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, visited other Caribbean realms, including: Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Montserrat and Saint Lucia.


Other Commonwealth countries

Visits were planned by Anne, Princess Royal, Princess Anne to Zambia and Mozambique, while the Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Duke of Gloucester made official visits to Uganda and Malta. In Asia, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, visited India, while Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Prince William and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, visited Malaysia, Singapore, and the Solomon Islands.
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (Edward Antony Richard Louis; born 10 March 1964) is the youngest child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne Succ ...
, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, visited Trinidad and Tobago, as did Governor General of Canada David Johnston.


India

The British High Commission, New Delhi, British High Commission in Delhi held a large Jubilee reception, which the Duke of York also attended. Children took a ride on an elephant named Rupa draped in the Union Jack, during the Jubilee events in New Delhi. The British Jubilee Tea Party received high amounts of media coverage, so also did Rupa the elephant.


Kenya

In Nairobi, the British High Commission, Nairobi, High Commission commemorated the Queen's Diamond Jubilee by lighting a beacon at Treetops Hotel, Treetops Lodge, the location where Princess Elizabeth learned of her father's death and her immediate accession to the throne in 1952. The celebrations also featured items such as the car used by the Queen in 1952 and an exhibition featuring radio broadcasts and photographs from that time.


Pakistan

In Pakistan, the British High Commission organised an event with local school children, in which they buried a time capsule, to be dug out on 25 years later. The children were asked to draw about their families, community, country, and connections between the United Kingdom and Pakistan. Coins, newspapers, magazines, and pictures of Pakistani landmarks with signatures and messages for the Queen by the children were also put in the time capsule. The event received a lot of positive media coverage.


South Africa

The British Consulate in Cape Town, in conjunction with the Hout Bay and Llandudno Heritage Trust, hosted a firing of ancient muzzle-loading cannons at East Fort in Hout Bay. The Hout Bay and Llandudno Heritage Trust restored the Fort's original Swedish made 18 pounder muzzle-loading cannons, dating from 1752, and fired two rolling salvo salutes, of six cannon shots each, in the Queen’s honour and each representing a decade of her reign. Members of the public were also invited to join in lighting of a Jubilee Beacon. The South African Navy Band was in attendance and the guns were fired by VIPs who were guided by gunners of the "Honourable Order of Hout Bay Artillerymen". At the Victoria and Alfred Waterfront of the Port of Cape Town, a flotilla from the Royal Cape Yacht Club sailed past the Hildebrand Ristorante and into-the Victoria Basin and the Cape Town Highlanders marched from Ferryman's to Nobel Square. British Consul General Chris Trott lit a beacon, followed by a further six-gun salute and both South African national anthem and "God Save the Queen".


Other areas


Belgium

On 5 June 2012, about 500 eminent personalities from various fields gathered in Brussels on the island in Bois de la Cambre to celebrate the Queen's Jubilee. A ferry transported guests to the island, which showcased British brands and products. This was followed by a visit from HMS Edinburgh (D97), HMS ''Edinburgh''.


Brazil

The British Embassy held a Jubilee week in São Paulo and Brasilia, with prominent areas in both cities being dressed with Union flags. Cultural exhibitions were set up and images (60 photos for 60 years) and films, highlighting the Royal visits to Brazil, were showcased. There were many activities for children, including making model boats for a mini-flotilla and a Big Jubilee Lunch. Local cinemas and restaurants showed Jubilee-themed films and served special Jubilee dishes.


Hong Kong

Hong Kong, a British overseas territory, British dependent territory until 1997 and the most populous one, had The Big Jubilee Lunch on 3 June 2012, organised by the Royal Commonwealth Society, Royal Commonwealth Society in Hong Kong. On 5 June 2012, there was a service of thanksgiving at the territory's Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui, Anglican St. John's Cathedral (Hong Kong), Cathedral Church of St. John the Evangelist.


Italy

The Embassy of the United Kingdom, Rome, Embassy in Rome and Consulate in Milan held multiple events to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee, including ''UK-Italy in the pages of Corriere della Sera'', an exhibition organised by Fondazione Corriere della Sera and the British Council. It was held from 7 June to 21 June in Milan. A multimedia Symphonic concert was held by the Orchestra Italiana del Cinema with the support of Regional Council of Lazio, Lazio Regional Council, which was dedicated to British and Italian cinematography. A documentary series on the royal family, titled 'London Calling', was broadcast by BBC Knowledge (international), BBC Knowledge. Milan also used their Jubilee activity to supplement events highlighting high end British jewellery design.


Japan

In Tokyo, the Embassy of the United Kingdom, Tokyo, British Embassy hosted a Vivienne Westwood collection launch to commemorate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. The event was attended by 800 guests, where they saw the World Premiere of Vivienne Westwood's 2012-13 spring summer collection fashion show. There was a display of 13 British manufactured cars and motorbikes worth £1.3 million. In a surprise guest appearance, Tomoyasu Hotei played his signature tune from "Kill Bill". The garden marquee provided a special Jubilee menu of the finest British food and drink. The event was featured on Japan's premier evening and breakfast news shows, reaching an estimated audience of 21.5 million viewers.


Mexico

A series of events were held in Mexico City to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. The British Embassy held a reception showcasing British brands, the BBC provided Diamond Jubilee programming, and Wedgewood and Twinings set up a British Tea House experience. The reception was attended by over 1000 guests and the List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to Mexico, Ambassador gave a number of interviews around the Jubilee and events both in the UK and Mexico.


United Arab Emirates

In the UAE, a number of events were held to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee. In Abu Dhabi, the British Embassy held a 'Great British Car Rally', the first of its kind in the UAE. The Rally, which was organised by the Embassy and the Yas Marina Circuit, started at the Embassy in Abu Dhabi at 6pm, and travelled along Corniche (Abu Dhabi), Abu Dhabi's Corniche en route to the Yas Marina Circuit, where the participants first did a loop of the F1 race track before mixing and mingling at a reception at the Circuit's main pit garages. At the reception, the guests were shown the Rolls Royce that the Queen travelled in during her first visit to the UAE in 1979. File:Great British Car Rally - A rally fit for a Queen (7179408781).jpg File:Great British Car Rally - A rally fit for a Queen (7179409213).jpg File:Great British Car Rally - A rally fit for a Queen (7179411171).jpg File:Great British Car Rally - A rally fit for a Queen (7364639876).jpg The Embassy in Dubai opened up its lawns up to the British and International community who then picnicked there. The people also saw the live transmission of the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant, Diamond Jubilee Pageant down the River Thames. The Dubai Offshore Sailing Club held a "Jubilee Pursuit Race", to mark the Queen's Jubilee.


United States

In a video message, Barack Obama, President Obama offered the Queen the "heartfelt congratulations of the American people" on the occasion of her Diamond Jubilee, and said that the Queen was a “living witness” to the power of the special relationship between the US and UK, and the “chief source of its resilience.” He added, "May the light of Your Majesty’s crown continue to reign supreme for many years to come". In New York City, New York, around 700 people were invited to run through the Central Park for six kilometers, one for every decade of her reign on 31 May. The run raised $14,000 for two charities: St. George's Society and Disabled sports USA. Sex and the City star Kim Cattrall started the race and the music was provided by a Beatles tribute band.


Uzbekistan

The Embassy of the United Kingdom, Tashkent, British Embassy in Tashkent, Uzbekistan celebrated the Queen's Diamond Jubilee with a Big Jubilee Lunch on 1 June 2012. The Embassy also used the example of the Queen to engage with businesswomen, who were having a increasingly important impact on the Economy of Uzbekistan, Uzbek economy but remain unrecognised.


See also

* Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal * 2012 Diamond Jubilee Honours * Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II * Ruby Jubilee of Elizabeth II * Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II * Sapphire Jubilee of Elizabeth II * Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II * List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign * List of jubilees of British monarchs


Notes


References


External links

*
Department of Canadian Heritage: The Queen's Diamond Jubilee

Governor-General of New Zealand: The Queen's Diamond Jubilee

The British Monarchy: The Queen's Diamond Jubilee 2012

Diamond Jubilee emblem unveiled, 21 February 2011

The Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Trust

Official Diamond Jubilee Beacons website


* [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7kRM3mh7qc&feature=endscreen Governor General of Canada David Johnston's Diamond Jubilee message]
Canadian Museum of History: A Queen and Her Country

Loyal Addresses on The London Gazette
*
The Archives of Ontario Celebrates the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II
', online exhibit on Archives of Ontario website
A Diamond Jubilee message by The Prince of Wales for Ontarians, Canada
{{Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, Diamond Jubilee Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Elizabeth II British Royal jubilees British monarchy Events involving British royalty Anniversaries 2012 in Australia 2012 in Canada 2012 in New Zealand 2012 in the United Kingdom Monarchy in Australia Monarchy in Canada Monarchy in New Zealand 2012 in South Africa 2012 in Belize 2012 in Barbados 2012 in the Bahamas