DARTMOUTH is a community and former city in the Halifax Regional
On April 1, 1996, the provincial government amalgamated all the municipalities within the boundaries of Halifax County into a single-tier regional government named the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM). Dartmouth and its neighbouring city of Halifax, the town of Bedford and the Municipality of the County of Halifax were dissolved. The former city of Dartmouth forms part of the urban core of the larger regional municipality and is officially designated as part of the "capital district" by the Halifax Regional Municipality. At the time that the City of Dartmouth was dissolved, the provincial government altered its status to a separate community to Halifax; however, its status as part of the metropolitan "Halifax" urban core existed prior to municipal reorganization in 1996.
Dartmouth is still an official geographic name that is used by all
levels of government for legal purposes, postal service, mapping ,
* 1 History * 2 Municipal government * 3 Economy
* 4 Transportation and communications
* 4.1 Transportation * 4.2 Communications
* 5 Natal Day * 6 Geography * 7 Military * 8 Notable people * 9 Symbols * 10 Culture * 11 References * 12 External links
Main articles: History of Dartmouth and History of the Halifax Regional Municipality Alderney Landing, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.
Father Le Loutre\'s War began when Edward Cornwallis arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports on June 21, 1749. By unilaterally establishing Halifax, the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq (1726), which were signed after Father Rale\'s War . The British quickly began to build other settlements. To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (1749), Dartmouth (1750), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1751), Lunenburg (1753) and Lawrencetown (1754).
In 1750, the sailing ship Alderney arrived with 151 immigrants. Municipal officials at Halifax decided that these new arrivals should be settled on the eastern side of Halifax Harbour . During the early years, there were 8 Acadian and Mi'kmaq raids on the new British settlement, such as the Raid on Dartmouth (1751) .
The original settlement was made in an area the Mi'kmaq called Ponamogoatitjg (Boonamoogwaddy), which has been varyingly translated as "Tomcod Ground" or "Salmon Place" in reference to the fish which were presumably caught in this part of Halifax Harbour . The community was later given the English name of Dartmouth in honour of William Legge, 1st Earl of Dartmouth who was a former Secretary of State . By 1752, 53 families consisting of 193 people lived in the community.
Dartmouth was initially a sawmill and agricultural outpost of Halifax. However, in the mid 19th century, it grew, first with the construction of the Shubenacadie Canal and more importantly with the rise of successful industrial firms such as the Dartmouth Marine Slips , the Starr Manufacturing Company, and the Stairs Ropeworks.
In 1873, Dartmouth was incorporated as a town and a
The city was dissolved on April 1, 1996, when its government was amalgamated into the Halifax Regional Municipality.
YEAR POP. ±%
1762 10 —
1881 3,786 +37760.0%
1891 6,252 +65.1%
1901 4,806 −23.1%
1911 5,058 +5.2%
1921 7,899 +56.2%
1931 9,100 +15.2%
1941 10,847 +19.2%
1951 15,037 +38.6%
1961 46,966 +212.3%
1981 62,333 +32.7%
1986 65,243 +4.7%
1991 67,798 +3.9%
1996 65,629 −3.2%
2001 65,741 +0.2%
2011 67,573 +2.8%
Population figures reflect the 1961 amalgamation.
Dartmouth is represented municipally in Halifax Regional Council by the following districts:
* District 3 - Dartmouth South - Eastern Passage * District 5 - Dartmouth Centre * District 6 - Harbourview - Burnside - Dartmouth East
Angus A MacDonald Bridge (the 'old Bridge') Halifax, Nova Scotia.
The HRM community council for Dartmouth is the HARBOUR EAST - MARINE DRIVE COMMUNITY COUNCIL are held in various locations on the first Thursday of every month.
Residents of Dartmouth are known as Dartmouthians. As a community, Dartmouth has often tended to distinguish itself from the community and former city of Halifax, even under the present municipal amalgamation. Dartmouth is also the Halifax Regional Municipality's Public Works Eastern Region.
The city was not only a bedroom community for Halifax, but also had
commerce and industries of its own, including the Volvo Halifax
Assembly plant, and a molasses plant dating back to the days of the
triangular trade with the
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
Ferry running between Halifax and Dartmouth, docked at Dartmouth Ferry Terminal.
Dartmouth is linked to Halifax by the oldest continuously operating salt water ferry service in North America with the first crossing having taken place in 1752. Early ferries were powered by horses, which were replaced with steam engines in 1830. During the early 20th century, ferries shuttled pedestrians and vehicles between the downtown areas of Halifax and Dartmouth. A railway trestle was built across Halifax Harbour in the late 19th century to bring rail service to Dartmouth however it was destroyed by a storm, requiring the present railway connection built around Bedford Basin .
During the early 1950s, construction began on the Angus L. Macdonald Bridge , a suspension bridge crossing Halifax Harbour. It opened in 1955, ushering in an unprecedented development boom in Dartmouth. New subdivisions , shopping centres , office buildings and industrial parks have been built in recent decades. A second bridge, the A. Murray MacKay Bridge was opened in 1970 and the Highway 111 Circumferential Highway was built around Dartmouth to Woodside at this time.
Halifax skyline from Dartmouth, NS.
* The first three digits of the postal codes are B2V, B2W, B2X, B2Y,
* The telephone exchanges are 902 : 462, 463, 433, 434, 435, 461,
464, 465, 466, 468, 469 -
Bell Aliant ; 404, 407, 431, 444, 446, 478,
497, 225, 229 - Eastlink ; 401, 402, 405, 406, 412, 441, 449 - Rogers
Wireless ; 209, 802, 830, 877 -
* Dartmouthians celebrate a civic holiday known as "Natal Day" since August 1895. The concept originated as a means to celebrate the arrival of the railway, but construction of the railway tracks was incomplete on the appointed day. Since all the preparations for the festivities were ready, organizers decided to go ahead with a celebration of the municipality's birthday instead. * In 1941, the Dartmouth Natal Committee decided to erect a cairn in honour of the spirit and courage of the first settlers to Dartmouth's shore. It is situated in Leighton Dillman Park, part of the common lands left to the community by the Quakers, and it overlooks the harbour where the first settlers built their homes. The monument stands three meters high and is constructed from rocks gathered on Martinique Beach. A plaque in front of the cairn is inscribed and describes the arrival of the Alderney "on August 12, 1750 with 353 settlers."
Display on Dartmouth waterfront, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.
Neighbourhoods of Dartmouth include:
* Albro Lake
* Bel Ayr Park
* Commodore Park
* Crichton Park
* Crystal Heights
* Grahams Corner
* Greenough Settlement
* Highfield Park
* Manor Park
The oldest structure in Dartmouth is the house of William Ray, a
Dartmouth's City hall was built in the early 1960s on the waterfront adjacent to the Alderney Ferry Terminal. The building was declared surplus and sold to Starfish Properties and will be redeveloped.
Dartmouth has been home to several Canadian Forces installations:
* CFB Shearwater , located on the southern border of Dartmouth is an air force base, formerly known as Naval Air Station Halifax , RCAF Station Dartmouth, RCAF Station Shearwater, HMCS Shearwater, and RCNAS Shearwater. * HMC Naval Radio Station Albro Lake , a radio transmitter/receiver facility. * CFB Halifax adjunct, an area on the Dartmouth waterfront opposite HMC Dockyard. * Wallace Heights , a former military housing area in north-end Dartmouth. * Shannon Park , unused military housing area in north-end Dartmouth. * Canadian Forces Ammunition Depot Bedford, a munitions magazine for Maritime Forces Atlantic , located on the border between Dartmouth and Bedford .
Scott Frederick Cameron , 35th Canadian Surgeon General
Steve Giles , Olympic paddler
* Michael Jackson , actor, Trailer Park Boys
Ruby Keeler , 1930s Hollywood starlet
Chris Kelades ,
Mixed martial arts
The City of Dartmouth Seal, located on a police badge. Flag of the former City of Dartmouth
* Dartmouth is nicknamed "The City of Lakes". Boasting 23 lakes
within its boundaries, Dartmouthians take special pride in the chain
of lakes within its boundaries that form part of the Shubenacadie
Canal . Most famous amongst these is
Lake Banook , which provides an
excellent location for recreation as well as attractive vistas.
Dartmouth's most historic body of water is the artificial Sullivan\'s
Pond , located north-east of the downtown area on Ochterloney Street.
It was dug in the 1830s as part of the
Shubenacadie Canal to connect
Halifax Harbour with
* The television show Trailer Park Boys is set in a fictional Dartmouth trailer park and filmed in Dartmouth and its environs. The show features actors (such as Robb Wells ) and writers from Dartmouth. A documentary film about the creation and production of the Trailer Park Boys series is entitled Hearts of Dartmouth. * The community hosted to the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in 1997 and 2009 .
* ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Retrieved
* ^ "Community Counts: Dartmouth South + Dartmouth North +