HOME
The Info List - Dakar


--- Advertisement ---



Dakar
Dakar
(English: /dɑːˈkɑːr, ˈdækər/;[4][5] French: [dakaʁ])[6] is the capital and largest city of Senegal. It is located on the Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
peninsula on the Atlantic coast and is the westernmost city in the Old World
Old World
as well as on the African mainland. The city of Dakar
Dakar
proper has a population of 1,030,594, whereas the population of the Dakar
Dakar
metropolitan area is estimated at 2.45 million.[7] The area around Dakar
Dakar
was settled in the 15th century. The Portuguese established a presence on the island of Gorée
Gorée
off the coast of Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
and used it as a base for the Atlantic slave trade. France took over the island in 1677. Following the abolition of the slave trade and French annexation of the mainland area in the 19th century, Dakar
Dakar
grew into a major regional port and a major city of the French colonial empire. In 1902, Dakar
Dakar
replaced Saint-Louis as the capital of French West Africa. From 1959 to 1960, Dakar
Dakar
was the capital of the short-lived Mali
Mali
Federation. In 1960, it became the capital of the independent Republic of Senegal. Dakar
Dakar
is home to multiple national and regional banks as well as numerous international organizations. From 1978 to 2007, it was also the traditional finishing point of the Dakar
Dakar
Rally.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Colonial history 1.2 Recent history

2 Sports 3 Geography and climate 4 Administration and daily life 5 Notable places 6 Notable Dakarian natives and Dakar
Dakar
residents 7 International relations 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Dakar Colonial history[edit] The Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
peninsula was settled no later than the 15th century, by the Lebou people, an aquacultural ethnic group related to the neighboring Wolof and Sereer. The original villages: Ouakam, Ngor, Yoff
Yoff
and Hann, still constitute distinctively Lebou neighborhoods of the city today. In 1444, the Portuguese reached the Bay of Dakar, initially as slave-raiders.[8][9][10] Peaceful contact was finally opened in 1456 by Diogo Gomes, and the bay was subsequently referred to as the "Angra de Bezeguiche" (after the name of the local ruler).[11] The bay of "Bezeguiche" would go on to serve as a critical stop for the Portuguese India Armadas
Portuguese India Armadas
of the early 16th century, where large fleets would routinely stop, both on their outward and return journeys from India, to repair, collect fresh water from the rivulets and wells along the Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
shore and trade for provisions with the local people for their remaining voyage.[11] (It was famously during one of these stops, in 1501, where the Florentine navigator Amerigo Vespucci began to construct his "New World" hypothesis about America.[12]) The Portuguese eventually founded a settlement on the island of Gorée (then known as the island of Bezeguiche or Palma), which by 1536 they began to use as a base for slave exportation. The mainland of Cap-Vert, however, was under control of the Jolof Empire, as part of the western province of Cayor which seceded from Jolof in its own right in 1549. A new Lebou village, called Ndakaaru, was established directly across from Gorée
Gorée
in the 17th century to service the European trading factory with food and drinking water. Gorée
Gorée
was captured by the United Netherlands in 1588, which gave it its present name (spelled Goeree, after Goeree-Overflakkee
Goeree-Overflakkee
in the Netherlands). The island was to switch hands between the Portuguese and Dutch several more times before falling to the English under Admiral Robert Holmes on January 23, 1664, and finally to the French in 1677. Though under continuous French administration since, métis families, descended from Dutch and French traders and African wives, dominated the slave trade. The infamous "House of Slaves" was built at Gorée
Gorée
in 1776. In 1795, the Lebou of Cape Verde
Cape Verde
revolted against Cayor rule. A new theocratic state, subsequently called the " Lebou Republic" by the French, was established under the leadership of the Diop, a Muslim clerical family originally from Koki in Cayor. The capital of the republic was established at Ndakaaru. In 1857 the French established a military post at Ndakaaru (which they called "Dakar") and annexed the Lebou Republic, though its institutions continued to function nominally. The Serigne (also spelled Sëriñ, "Lord") of Ndakaaru is still recognized as the traditional political authority of the Lebou by the Senegalese State today. The slave trade was abolished by France
France
in February 1794. However, Napoleon reinstated it in May 1802, then finally abolished it permanently in March 1815. Despite Napoleon's abolition, a clandestine slave trade continued at Gorée
Gorée
until 1848, when it was abolished throughout all French territories. To replace trade in slaves, the French promoted peanut cultivation on the mainland. As the peanut trade boomed, tiny Gorée
Gorée
Island, whose population had grown to 6,000 residents, proved ineffectual as a port. Traders from Gorée
Gorée
decided to move to the mainland and a "factory" with warehouses was established in Rufisque
Rufisque
in 1840.

A public water well, 1899.

Large public expenditure for infrastructure was allocated by the colonial authorities to Dakar's development. The port facilities were improved with jetties, a telegraph line was established along the coast to Saint-Louis and the Dakar-Saint-Louis railway
Dakar-Saint-Louis railway
was completed in 1885, at which point the city became an important base for the conquest of the western Sudan.

Dakar
Dakar
in 1850.

Dakar
Dakar
in 1888.

Dakar
Dakar
Entrepôt. ca. 1900

Gorée, including Dakar, was recognised as a French commune in 1872. Dakar
Dakar
itself was split off from Gorée
Gorée
as a separate commune in 1887. The citizens of the city elected their own mayor and municipal council and helped send an elected representative to the National Assembly in Paris. Dakar
Dakar
replaced Saint-Louis as the capital of French West Africa in 1902. A second major railroad, the Dakar- Niger
Niger
built from 1906–1923, linked Dakar
Dakar
to Bamako
Bamako
and consolidated the city's position at the head of France's West African empire. In 1929, the commune of Gorée
Gorée
Island, now with only a few hundred inhabitants, was merged into Dakar. Urbanization during the colonial period was marked by forms of racial and social segregation—often expressed in terms of health and hygiene—which continue to structure the city today. Following a plague epidemic in 1914, the authorities forced most of the African population out of old neighborhoods, or "Plateau", and into a new quarter, called Médina, separated from it by a "sanitary cordon". As first occupants of the land, the Lebou inhabitants of the city successfully resisted this expropriation. They were supported by Blaise Diagne, the first African to be elected Deputy to the National Assembly. Nonetheless, the Plateau thereafter became an administrative, commercial, and residential district increasingly reserved for Europeans and served as model for similar exclusionary administrative enclaves in French Africa's other colonial capitals (Bamako, Conakry, Abidjan, Brazzaville). Meanwhile, the Layene Sufi order, established by Seydina Mouhammadou Limamou Laye, was thriving among the Lebou in Yoff
Yoff
and in a new village called Cambérène. Since independence, urbanization has sprawled eastward past Pikine, a commuter suburb whose population (2001 est. 1,200,000) is greater than that of Dakar
Dakar
proper, to Rufisque, creating a conurbation of almost 3 million (over a quarter of the national population). In its colonial heyday Dakar
Dakar
was one of the major cities of the French Empire, comparable to Hanoi
Hanoi
or Beirut. French trading firms established branch offices there and industrial investments (mills, breweries, refineries, canneries) were attracted by its port and rail facilities. It was also strategically important to France, which maintained an important naval base and coaling station in its harbor and which integrated it into its earliest air force and airmail circuits, most notably with the legendary Mermoz airfield (no longer extant). Recent history[edit] During the Battle of Dakar, which took place off the coast of Dakar
Dakar
on September 23–25, 1940, the British navy attempted to rally the colonial administration in Dakar
Dakar
to the Allied cause and detach it from Vichy. In November 1944 West African conscripts of the French army mutinied against poor conditions at the Thiaroye camp, on the outskirts of the city. The mutiny was seen as an indictment of the colonial system and constituted a watershed for the nationalist movement. Dakar
Dakar
was the capital of the short-lived Mali Federation
Mali Federation
from 1959 to 1960, after which it became the capital of Senegal. The poet, philosopher and first President of Senegal
Senegal
Léopold Sédar Senghor tried to transform Dakar
Dakar
into the "Sub-Saharan African Athens" (l’Athènes de l’Afrique subsaharienne),[13] as his vision was for it. Dakar
Dakar
is a major financial center, home to a dozen national and regional banks (including the BCEAO which manages the unified West African CFA currency), and to numerous international organizations, NGOs and international research centers. Dakar
Dakar
has a large Lebanese community (concentrated in the import-export sector) that dates to the 1920s, a community of Moroccan business people, as well as Mauritanian, Cape Verdean, and Guinean communities. The city is home to as many as 20,000 French expatriates. France
France
still maintains an air force base at Yoff
Yoff
and the French fleet is serviced in Dakar's port. Beginning 1978 and until 2007, Dakar
Dakar
was frequently the ending point of the Dakar
Dakar
Rally. The rally brought worldwide attention to the poverty of Senegal
Senegal
and Dakar.[citation needed] Sports[edit] Sports club AS Douanes are based in Sicap-Liberté, they currently play in the Senegal
Senegal
Premier League and previously won the 2014–15 Ligue 1 (Senegal) season. The Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
used to end here. Geography and climate[edit]

View of Dakar
Dakar
from Earth Orbit

The Dakarois climate is generally warm. Dakar
Dakar
has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification: BSh), with a short rainy season and a lengthy dry season. Dakar’s rainy season lasts from July to October while the dry season covers the remaining eight months. The city sees approximately 495 mm (19.5 in) of precipitation per year. Dakar
Dakar
between December and May is usually pleasantly warm with daily temperatures around 24–27 °C (75–81 °F). Nights during this time of the year are comfortable, some 17–20 °C (63–68 °F). However, between May and November the city becomes decidedly warmer with daily highs reaching 29–31 °C (84–88 °F) and night lows a little bit above 23–24 °C (73–75 °F). Notwithstanding this hotter season Dakar’s weather is far from being as hot as that of African cities inland, such as Niamey
Niamey
and N'Djamena, where temperatures hover above 36 °C (97 °F) for much of the year. Dakar
Dakar
is cooled year-round by sea breezes.

Climate data for Dakar, Senegal
Senegal
(1981-2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 39.6 (103.3) 38.7 (101.7) 40.4 (104.7) 38.4 (101.1) 36.2 (97.2) 36.6 (97.9) 36.9 (98.4) 35.0 (95) 36.2 (97.2) 39.3 (102.7) 40.3 (104.5) 39.5 (103.1) 40.4 (104.7)

Average high °C (°F) 25.3 (77.5) 25.2 (77.4) 25.4 (77.7) 25.0 (77) 26.0 (78.8) 28.6 (83.5) 30.0 (86) 30.3 (86.5) 30.7 (87.3) 31.0 (87.8) 29.8 (85.6) 27.4 (81.3) 27.9 (82.2)

Average low °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 18.0 (64.4) 18.5 (65.3) 19.2 (66.6) 20.7 (69.3) 23.5 (74.3) 25.1 (77.2) 25.3 (77.5) 25.2 (77.4) 25.3 (77.5) 23.3 (73.9) 21.0 (69.8) 22.0 (71.6)

Record low °C (°F) 11.0 (51.8) 10.7 (51.3) 10.9 (51.6) 14.0 (57.2) 15.4 (59.7) 17.0 (62.6) 17.2 (63) 20.0 (68) 20.0 (68) 17.2 (63) 17.0 (62.6) 12.4 (54.3) 10.7 (51.3)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.0 (0.039) 2.0 (0.079) 0.3 (0.012) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.004) 14.0 (0.551) 51.0 (2.008) 154.0 (6.063) 133.0 (5.236) 26.0 (1.024) 9.2 (0.362) 1.0 (0.039) 391.6 (15.417)

Average rainy days 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.2 0.4 3.0 8.0 15.0 12.0 4.0 1.0 1.0 47.6

Average relative humidity (%) 68 74 77 81 81 80 78 81 83 80 72 68 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 244.9 245.8 276.0 288.0 291.4 252.0 232.5 223.2 219.0 257.3 249.0 238.7 3,017.8

Percent possible sunshine 70 74 74 74 73 65 58 57 60 70 73 69 68.1

Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[14]

Source #2: Spiegel Online Wetter[15]

Dakar
Dakar
mean sea temperature[16]

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

22.7 °C (72.9 °F) 20.6 °C (69.1 °F) 19.9 °C (67.8 °F) 20.7 °C (69.3 °F) 22.7 °C (72.9 °F) 26.3 °C (79.3 °F) 27.6 °C (81.7 °F) 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) 28.7 °C (83.7 °F) 28.5 °C (83.3 °F) 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) 24.7 °C (76.5 °F)

Administration and daily life[edit]

Market street in the working class Gueule Tapée quarter

Typical souvenirs in the street market

The city of Dakar
Dakar
is a commune (also sometimes known as commune de ville), one of the some 125 communes of Senegal. The commune of Dakar
Dakar
was created by the French colonial administration on June 17, 1887 by detaching it from the commune of Gorée. The commune of Gorée, created in 1872, was itself one of the oldest Western-style municipalities in Africa (along with the municipalities of Algeria
Algeria
and South Africa). The commune of Dakar
Dakar
has been in continuous existence since 1887, being preserved by the new state of Senegal
Senegal
after independence in 1960, although its limits have varied considerably over time. The limits of the commune of Dakar
Dakar
have been unchanged since 1983. The commune of Dakar
Dakar
is ruled by a democratically elected municipal council (conseil municipal) serving five years, and a mayor elected by the municipal council. There have been 20 mayors in Dakar
Dakar
since 1887. The first black mayor was Blaise Diagne, mayor of Dakar
Dakar
from 1924 to 1934. The longest serving mayor was Mamadou Diop, mayor for 18 years between 1984 and 2002. The commune of Dakar
Dakar
is also a department, one of the 45 departments of Senegal. This situation is quite similar to Paris, which is both a commune and a department. However, contrary to French departments, departments in Senegal
Senegal
have no political power (no departmental assembly), and are merely local administrative structures of the central state, in charge of carrying out some administrative services as well as controlling the activities of the communes within the department. The department of Dakar
Dakar
is divided into four arrondissements: Almadies, Grand Dakar, Parcelles Assainies
Parcelles Assainies
(which literally means "drained lots"; this is the most populous arrondissement of Dakar), and Plateau/ Gorée
Gorée
(downtown Dakar). These arrondissements are quite different from the arrondissements of Paris, being merely local administrative structures of the central state, like the Senegalese departments, and are thus more comparable to French departmental arrondissements.

Residential street in the upscale Mermoz quarter

The Assemblée nationale on the Plateau, the heart of old Dakar

In 1996 a massive reform of the administrative and political divisions of Senegal
Senegal
was voted by the Parliament of Senegal. The commune of Dakar, whose population approached 1 million inhabitants, was deemed too large and too populated to be properly managed by a central municipality, and thus on August 30, 1996 Dakar
Dakar
was divided into 19 communes d'arrondissement. These communes d'arrondissement were given extensive powers, and are very much like regular communes. They have more powers than the arrondissements of Paris, and are more akin to the London boroughs. The commune of Dakar
Dakar
was maintained above these 19 communes d'arrondissement, and it coordinates the activities of the communes d'arrondissement, much as Greater London coordinates the activities of the London boroughs. The 19 communes d'arrondissement belong to either of the four arrondissements of Dakar, and the sous-préfet of each arrondissement is in charge of controlling the activities of the communes d'arrondissement in his arrondissement. The commune d'arrondissement of Dakar-Plateau
Dakar-Plateau
(34,626 inhabitants), in the arrondissement of Plateau/Gorée, is the historical heart of the city, and most ministries and public administrations are located there. The densest and most populous commune d'arrondissement is Médina (136,697 inhabitants), in the arrondissement of Plateau/Gorée. The commune d'arrondissement of Yoff (55,995 inhabitants), in the arrondissement of Almadies, is the largest one, while the smallest one is the commune d'arrondissement of Île de Gorée
Gorée
(1,034 inhabitants), in the arrondissement of Plateau/Gorée. Dakar
Dakar
is one of the 14 régions of Senegal. The Dakar
Dakar
région encompasses the city of Dakar
Dakar
and all its suburbs along the Cape Verde Peninsula. Its territory is thus roughly the same as the territory of the metropolitan area of Dakar. Since the administrative reforms of 1996, the régions of Senegal, which until then were merely local administrative structures of the central state, have been turned into full-fledged political units, with democratically elected regional councils, and regional presidents. They were given extensive powers, and manage economic development, transportation, or environmental protection issues at the regional level, thus coordinating the actions of the communes below them. In Senegal
Senegal
the traditional culture is very centred around the idea of family. This even includes the way that they eat. When it is time to eat a typical meal someone will say "kay lekk" which means 'come eat'. Everyone will come together and sit around the plate and eat with their hands.[17] Some famous dishes include Cebbu Jën (Tiéboudienne) and Yassa. The etiquette of people in Dakar
Dakar
is very simple but very vital. To not greet someone upon sight is to portray rudeness and oftentimes ignorance. Due to French colonialism the children of Dakar have a unique school system. The school will get a break at about midday and return home to get some rest. Since the population is majority Muslim daily activities such as going to the mosque at noon prayer and attending the mosque on Fridays. Music has a big influence on the youth with famous artists like Daara J Family who use their voice to represent the problems in their communities.[18] Notable places[edit]

The Dakar
Dakar
Railway Station

Village des Arts fr:Musée Théodore-Monod d'art africain Layen Mausoleum Palais Présidentiel Mamelles Lighthouse Chambre de Commerce Place de l'Indépendance Plage de N'gor[19]

The Dakar
Dakar
Cathedral

African Renaissance Monument

Attractions in Dakar
Dakar
include major markets, Dakar Grand Mosque
Dakar Grand Mosque
(built in 1964), Dakar
Dakar
Cathedral, Gorée
Gorée
Island, the IFAN Museum
IFAN Museum
of West African culture, the newly completed African Renaissance Monument
African Renaissance Monument
(the tallest statue in Africa), clifftop walks and beaches, and Parc Forestier et Zoologique de Hann, aka the Senegal
Senegal
Zoo. The town serves as a port and is home to the Léopold Sédar Senghor International Airport. It is also the terminus of the non-functioning Dakar- Niger
Niger
railroad line. Dakar
Dakar
used to be the finishing point of the Dakar Rally
Dakar Rally
and is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities. Cheikh Anta Diop University also known as the University of Dakar, was established in 1957. Notable Dakarian natives and Dakar
Dakar
residents[edit]

Abdoulaye Diagne-Faye, footballer Akon, R&B singer (real name - Alioune Thiam) Baaba Maal, singer and guitarist Babacar Khane, yoga practitioner Boris Diaw, basketball player, Utah Jazz Bouna Coundoul, footballer, Achna FC Cheikh Samb, basketball player, former Los Angeles Clippers DeSagana Diop, basketball player, Charlotte Bobcats Élage Diouf, singer, songwriter and percussionist (real name - El Hadji Fall Diouf) Hamady Ndiaye, basketball player Washington Wizards Ibrahim Ba, former footballer Ismaël Lô, singer-songwriter Issa, R&B singer Macoumba Kandji, footballer, Colorado Rapids Mamadou N'Diaye, former basketball player for Auburn University and the Toronto Raptors Mame Biram Diouf, footballer, Stoke City Marc Lièvremont, former rugby player and former head coach of the France
France
national rugby union team Marcel Lefebvre, Founder of the SSPX, Apostolic delegate to Pope Pius XII, and Archbishop of Dakar. Mbaye Diagne, United Nations military observer and hero during the Rwandan genocide Ofeibea Quist-Arcton, foreign correspondent for NPR News Orchestra Baobab Ousmane Barro, basketball player, Marquette University Papa Bouba Diop, former footballer Pape Paté Diouf, football player Papiss Cisse, footballer, Newcastle United Patrice Evra, footballer, Juventus Patrick Vieira, former footballer Sadio Mane, footballer, Liverpool Ségolène Royal, French politician born in Dakar Tacko Fall, college basketball player UCF Knights Thione Seck, singer and songwriter Wasis Diop, musician Youssou N'Dour, singer and percussionist Racine Talla, college basketball player, IPFW

International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Senegal Dakar
Dakar
is twinned with:

Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States Baku, Azerbaijan[20] Douala, Cameroon Isfahan, Iran Milan, Italy[21] Oran, Algeria Rangpur, Bangladesh Rosario, Argentina[22] Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Taipei, Taiwan Washington, D.C., United States[23]

[24] References[edit]

^ L'opposant Khalifa Sall élu maire de Dakar. AFP. 2009-04-19 ^ climatemps.com ^ UN Data. Projection based on 2002 census. ^ " Dakar
Dakar
- definition of Dakar". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 29 October 2013.  /dəˈkɑːr, dɑːˈkɑːr, ˈdækər/ ^ "Define Dakar". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 29 October 2013.  /dɑːˈkɑːr, ˈdækər/ ^ Dakar
Dakar
pronunciation: How to pronounce Dakar
Dakar
in French, Spanish, Polish ^ Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie, Government of Senegal. ""Situation économique et sociale du Sénégal", édition 2005, page 163" (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 18, 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-18.  ^ Dinis Dias doubled Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
in 1444, but it is unclear if he sailed into the bay itself. Álvaro Fernandes
Álvaro Fernandes
anchored at the uninhabited island of Goree and lured and captured two natives off a Lebou fishing canoe before being driven off. The large slaving fleet of Lançarote de Freitas anchored in the bay, but their attempts to reach the mainland shore were fended off by missile fire and took no captives. The subsequent fleets of Estêvão Afonso (1446) and Valarte (1447) stopped briefly at Goree, but were also fended off the shores and took no captives. In the aftermath, Prince Henry the Navigator
Henry the Navigator
suspended all Portuguese expeditions beyond Cap-Vert
Cap-Vert
for nearly a decade. There are no more recorded attempts until contact was made in 1456. (As reported in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara) ^ B.W. Diffie and G.D. Winius (1977) Foundations of the Portuguese empire, 1415-1580 Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp.83-85 ^ A. Teixeira da Mota (1946) "A descoberta da Guiné", Boletim cultural da Guiné Portuguesa, Vol. 1. No. 2 (Apr), p. 273-326. ^ a b A. Teixeira da Mota (1968) "Ilha de Santiago e Angra de Bezeguiche, escalas da carreira da India", Do tempo e da historia, Lisbon, v.3, pp.141-49. ^ Vespucci's letter from Bezeguiche is reproduced in F.A. de Varnhagen (1865) Amerigo Vespucci, pp.78-82. ^ "Discours de réception de M. Jean-Claude JUNCKER comme membre associé étranger à l'Académie des Sciences morales et politiques" (PDF) (in French). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-23.  ^ "Climate Averages for Dakar" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 5 May 2016.  ^ "Africa, Senegal, Dakar". Spiegel Online Wetter. Retrieved 2014-02-17.  ^ "Monthly Dakar
Dakar
water temperature chart". Seatemperature.org. Retrieved 2016-05-05.  ^ " Senegal
Senegal
- Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette". www.commisceo-global.com. Retrieved 2016-11-14.  ^ "Hip-hop in Senegal". 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2016-11-14.  ^ Planet, Lonely. "Attractions in Senegal". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-11-14.  ^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 2013-08-09.  ^ "Città Gemellate" (in Italian). Comune di Milano. Retrieved 6 April 2012.  ^ "Town Twinning Agreements". Municipalidad de Rosario - Buenos Aires 711. Retrieved 2014-10-14.  ^ "DC Sister City Agreement" (PDF). The District of Columbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.  ^ L. Bigon (2009) A History of Urban Planning in Two West African Colonial Capitals: Residential Segregation in British Lagos and French Dakar, 1850-1930 Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press.

Bibliography[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Dakar External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Dakar.

Senegal
Senegal
portal

Media related to Dakar
Dakar
at Wikimedia Commons (in French) Dakar
Dakar
official website  "Dakar". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.   "Dakar". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

v t e

Communes d'arrondissement of Dakar

Biscuiterie Cambérène Dieuppeul-Derklé Fann-Point E-Amitié Gueule Tapée-Fass-Colobane Gorée Grand Yoff Grand Dakar Hann Bel-Air HLM Médina Mermoz-Sacré-Cœur Ngor Ouakam Parcelles Assainies Patte d'Oie Dakar-Plateau Sicap-Liberté Yoff

v t e

Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)   Lobamba
Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

Pretoria
Pretoria
(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
(political)   Abidjan
Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133615639 LCCN: n79108879 GND: 4010921-5 SELIBR: 142544 SUDOC: 02637417X BNF:

.