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Synonyms

Sassafridium Meisn. Temmodaphne Kosterm.

Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
malabatrum, young leaves, Kerala, India

Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
is a genus of evergreen aromatic trees and shrubs belonging to the laurel family, Lauraceae. The species of Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
have aromatic oils in their leaves and bark. The genus contains over 300 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of North America, Central America, South America, Asia, Oceania, and Australasia. The genus includes a great number of economically important trees.

Contents

1 Habitat 2 Characteristics 3 Selected species 4 References 5 External links

Habitat[edit] This genus is present in Himalayas and other mountain areas and is present in tropical and subtropical montane rainforest, in the weed-tree forests, in valleys, and mixed forests of coniferous and deciduous broad-leaved trees, from southern China, India, and Southeast Asia. Some species, such as Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
camphora, tolerate drought. Characteristics[edit] All species tested so far are diploid, with the total number of chromosomes being 24.[1] This Lauraceae
Lauraceae
genus comprises more than 270 trees and shrubs and most are aromatic. Some trees produce sprouts. The thick, leathery leaves are dark green, lauroid type. Laurophyll or lauroid leaves are characterized by a generous layer of wax, making them glossy in appearance, and narrow, pointed oval in shape with an 'apical mucro', or 'drip tip', which permits the leaves to shed water despite the humidity, allowing respiration from plant. Mostly, the plants present a distinct odor. Their alternate leaves are ovate-elliptic, with margins entire or occasionally repand, with acute apices and broadly cuneate to subrounded bases. Upper leaf surfaces are shiny green to yellowish-green, while the undersides are opaque and lighter in color. Mature leaves are dark green. Young leaves are reddish brown to yellowish-red. The leaves are glabrous on both surfaces or sparsely puberulent beneath only when young; the leaves are mostly triplinerved or sometimes inconspicuously five-nerved, with conspicuous midrib on both surfaces. The axils of lateral nerves and veins are conspicuously bullate above and dome-shaped. Terminal buds are perulate. The axillary panicle is 3.5–7 cm long. It is a genus of monoecious species, with hermaphrodite flowers, greenish white, white to yellow are glabrous or downy and pale to yellowish brown. Mostly the flowers are small. The perianth is glabrous or puberulent outside and densely pubescent inside. The purplish-black fruit is an ovate, ellipsoidal or subglobose drupe. The perianth-cup in fruit is cupuliform. Selected species[edit] About 250 species are known, including several commercially important ones. Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
and Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
are large evergreen trees that can grow to 30 m in height and 3 m in diameter, with broadly ovate crowns. Terminal buds are broadly ovoid or globular, and covered with sericeous scales. Bark is yellowish-brown with irregular vertical splits. Branches are light brown, cylindrical, and glabrous.

Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
tree in a 10th-century Arabic manuscript

Bark of Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
camphora

Leaves of Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
parthenoxylon

Drawing of Cinnamomum iners
Cinnamomum iners
Reinwardt. ex Blume by J.C.P. Arckenhausen, ~1835

The inner bark of several species is used to make the spice, cinnamon. Other notable species are C. tamala, used as the herb malabathrum (also called tejpat and Indian bay leaf), and C. camphora, from which camphor is produced.

Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
acuminatifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
acuminatissimum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
acutatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
africanum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
aggregatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alainii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
albiflorum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alcinii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alexei Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alibertii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
alternifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
altissimum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
ammannii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
amoenum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
amplexicaule Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
amplifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
anacardium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
andersonii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
angustifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
angustitepalum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
antillarum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
appelianum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
arbusculum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
archboldianum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
areolatocostae Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
areolatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
arfakense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
argenteum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
arsenei Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
asa-grayi Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
assamicum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
aubletii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
aureo-fulvum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
australe Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
austro-sinense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
austro-yunnanense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bahianum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bahiense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
baileyanum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
baillonii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
balansae Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bamoense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
barbato-axillatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
barbeyanum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
barlowii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bartheifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
barthii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bazania Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
beccarii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bejolghota Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bengalense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
biafranum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bintulense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
birmanicum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
blumei Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bodinieri Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bonii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bonplandii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
borneense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bourgeauvianum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
boutonii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
brachythyrsum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
bractefoliaceum Cinnamomum burmannii
Cinnamomum burmannii
- Indonesian cinnamon Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
cambodianum Cinnamomum camphora
Cinnamomum camphora
- camphor laurel Cinnamomum cassia
Cinnamomum cassia
- (C. aromaticum) Chinese cinnamon also called cassia Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
caudiferum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
cebuense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
chartophyllum Cinnamomum citriodorum
Cinnamomum citriodorum
- Malabar cinnamon Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
contractum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
culilawan Cinnamomum dubium - Wild cinnamon Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
elegans Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
filipes Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
glanduliferum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
glaucescens Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
ilicioides Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
impressinervium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
iners Cinnamomum japonicum - (C. pedunculatum Japanese cinnamon) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
javanicum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
jensenianum Cinnamomum kanehirae - (stout camphor tree niu zhang (Chinese: 牛樟); endemic to Taiwan) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
kotoense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
kwangtungense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
liangii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
longepaniculatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
longipetiolatum Cinnamomum loureiroi
Cinnamomum loureiroi
- (Saigon cinnamon) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
mairei Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
malabatrum Cinnamomum mercadoi
Cinnamomum mercadoi
Vidal - (kalingag tree) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
micranthum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
migao Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
mollifolium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
oliveri Cinnamomum osmophloeum
Cinnamomum osmophloeum
- (pseudocinnamomum) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
ovalifolium Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
Cinnamomum parthenoxylon
- (Selasian wood, Martaban camphor wood, saffrol laurel, alcanforero amarillo, mreah prew phnom, kayu gadis, telasihan, huang zhang (Chinese: 黃樟)) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
pauciflorum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
pedunculatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
philippinense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
pingbienense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
pittosporoides Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
platyphyllum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
porphyrium Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
porrectum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
reticulatum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
rigidissimum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
saxatile Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
septentrionale Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
sinharajaense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
sintoc Blume Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
subavenium Cinnamomum tamala
Cinnamomum tamala
- (tejpat, Indian bay leaf, or malabathrum) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
tenuipilum Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
tonkinense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
triplinerve Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
tsangii Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
tsoi Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
validinerve Cinnamomum verum
Cinnamomum verum
- (cinnamon, Ceylon cinnamon, or true cinnamon) Cinnamomum virens - (red-barked sassafras, eastern Australia) Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
walaiwarense Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
wilsonii

References[edit]

^ Ravindran, P. N.; K. Nirmal Babu; M. Shylaja (2003). Cinnamon
Cinnamon
and Cassia: The genus Cinnamomum. CRC Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-0-415-31755-9. 

External links[edit]

Cinnamomum
Cinnamomum
page on Wikispecies

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinnamomum.

Wikispecies
Wikispecies
has information related to Cinnamomum

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q27282 APDB: 189485 EoL: 60925 EPPO: 1CING FloraBase: 22610 FNA: 107109 FoC: 107109 Fossilworks: 54617 GBIF: 3033980 GRIN: 2615 IPNI: 21380-1 ITIS: 18174 NCBI: 13428 PLANTS: CINNA2

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