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The Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
(French pronunciation: ​[sinematɛk fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a French film organization that holds one of the largest archives of film documents and film-related objects in the world. Based in Paris, the archive offers daily screenings of worldwide films.

Contents

1 History 2 The events of May 1968 3 Location 4 President Director and Secretary 5 Tributes 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] The collection emerged from the efforts of Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
and Lotte H Eisner in the mid 1930s to collect and screen films. Langlois had acquired one of the largest collections in the world by the beginning of World War II, only to have it nearly wiped out by the German authorities in occupied France, who ordered the destruction of all films made prior to 1937. He and his friends smuggled huge numbers of documents and films out of occupied France
France
to protect them until the end of the war. After the war, the French government provided a small screening room, staff and subsidy for the collection, which was first relocated to the Avenue de Messine. Significant French filmmakers of the 1940s and 1950s, including Robert Bresson, René Clément, Henri-Georges Clouzot and Jacques Becker frequented screenings at the Cinémathèque. Directors of the New Wave (la Nouvelle Vague) school — Alain Resnais, Jacques Rivette, François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol, Roger Vadim, Jacques Doniol-Valcroze, and Pierre Kast — also received much of their film education by attending the collection's screenings. The events of May 1968[edit] Main article: May 1968 in France In June 1963, the Cinémathèque had moved to the Palais de Chaillot with funds provided by André Malraux, Minister of Culture, and became subject to the government. In February 1968, under pressure from the Ministry of Finance, Malraux required changes in the management of the Cinémathèque and dismissed Henri Langlois. A defence committee was formed, uniting the cream of French filmmakers (Alexandre Astruc, Claude Berri, Robert Bresson, Claude Chabrol, Jacques Doniol-Valcroze, Jean Eustache, Georges Franju, Abel Gance, Jean-Luc Godard, Joris Ivens, Pierre Kast, Chris Marker, Alain Resnais, Jacques Rivette, Eric Rohmer, Jean Rouch, François Truffaut) together with major actors (Jean-Pierre Léaud, Claude Jade, Jean Marais and Françoise Rosay). Foreign filmmakers such as Charles Chaplin and Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
added their support. Protests were organized. Confrontations followed between young people, largely students, and what they saw as an authoritarian centre-right government, out of touch with the concerns of the younger generation. These demonstrations were precursors of and merged into the widespread student revolt that erupted from March 1968 onwards, escalating into nationwide unrest in May. Before then, the government had backed down over the Cinémathèque, reinstating Langlois as head in April 1968. Location[edit] After numerous incidents — including multiple relocations from one small screening room to another through the 1950s and a fire in its last premises — the Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
moved to 51, rue de Bercy in the 12th arrondissement of Paris
12th arrondissement of Paris
and reopened its doors in a postmodern building designed by Frank Gehry, an American architect. A restaurant on the lower level is open to the public. The Bibliothèque du Film, which was created in 1992 to show the history of cinema, its production, impact and artistic strength, has recently merged with the Cinémathèque Française. Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
operates the Musée de la Cinémathèque, formerly known as Musée du Cinéma – Henri Langlois, in the new building. President Director and Secretary[edit]

Cinémathèque's president Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(right) attentive to Steven Spielberg's (left) Masterclass [Paris - Jan. 9th, 2012].

President: Costa-Gavras, Oscar-nominated director of Z, "State of Siege", Berlin Golden Bear-winning director of Music Box and Cannes Golden Palm-winning director of Missing Director: Serge Toubiana, former editor-in-chief of Les Cahiers du cinéma General Secretary: Jean-Michel Arnold, the spiritual successor of Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
and consistently re-elected as General Secretary since 1981 Honorary Presidents:

Claude Berri Jean-Charles Tacchella Jean Rouch

Tributes[edit] In celebration of the Centennial of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum and the City Center of Music and Drama
City Center of Music and Drama
in New York co-sponsored “Cinémathèque at the Metropolitan Museum.” The exhibition showed seventy films dating from the medium’s first seventy-five years on thirty-five consecutive evenings from July 29 to September 3, 1970. The films were selected by Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
for their significance and contributions to the history of filmmaking, including work from official film industries as well as current and early avant garde directors. The program was the most diverse film exhibition held in the United States to date, and was the Museum’s first major undertaking in film. The Cinémathèque's closing is noted in Truffaut's Stolen Kisses. The Cinémathèque also appears in the Paul Auster
Paul Auster
novel The Book of Illusions and the Harvey Danger
Harvey Danger
song "Private Helicopter." See also[edit]

Cinematheque The International Federation of Film Archives List of film archives

References[edit]

Grenier, Cynthia (Feb. 13, 2004). Langlois' film world seen with rose colors The Washington Times. Roud, Richard (1983) A Passion for Films: Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
and the Cinémathèque Française, London: Secker and Warburg; New York: Viking Press ISBN 0-670-36687-0.

Finding aid for the George Trescher records related to The Metropolitan Museum of Art Centennial, 1949, 1960-1971 (bulk 1967-1970). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 8 August 2014.

External links[edit]

Official site The restaurant site Cinémathèque Française
Cinémathèque Française
Laterna magica site CineSceneSF Blog - The Pied Piper of the Cinematheque

Coordinates: 48°50′13″N 2°22′57″E / 48.83694°N 2.38250°E / 48.83694; 2.38250

v t e

French New Wave

Cahiers du Cinéma Directors

François Truffaut Jean-Luc Godard Éric Rohmer Claude Chabrol Jacques Rivette

Left Bank

Henri Colpi Marguerite Duras Armand Gatti Chris Marker Alain Resnais Alain Robbe-Grillet Agnès Varda

Other filmmakers

Philippe de Broca Jacques Demy Jean Douchet Jean Eustache Georges Franju Pierre Kast Louis Malle Jean-Pierre Melville Luc Moullet Jacques Rozier Straub–Huillet Roger Vadim

Theoretical influences

Alexandre Astruc André Bazin Robert Bresson Jacques Doniol-Valcroze Henri Langlois Joseph-Marie Lo Duca Jean Rouch

Key films

Le Coup du Berger (1956) Le Beau Serge (1958) Le Signe du Lion (1959) The 400 Blows
The 400 Blows
(1959) Hiroshima mon amour
Hiroshima mon amour
(1959) Breathless (1960) Adieu Philippine
Adieu Philippine
(1962) Cléo from 5 to 7
Cléo from 5 to 7
(1962) La Jetée
La Jetée
(1962)

Related

Auteurism Cahiers du cinéma Cinémathèque Française Jump cut Two in the Wave
Two in the Wave
(2010 documentary)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cinémathèque Française.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Cinéma

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