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Christopher James Christie (born September 6, 1962) is an American politician, former federal prosecutor, and political commentator who served as the 55th Governor of New Jersey
Governor of New Jersey
from 2010 to 2018. During his governorship, he chaired the Opioid and Drug Abuse Commission in 2017. Christie became an ABC News
ABC News
contributor in 2018 after leaving office. Christie was born in Newark and raised in Livingston. He volunteered for Thomas Kean's gubernatorial campaign at age 15. After graduating in 1984 from the University of Delaware, he earned a J.D. at Seton Hall. He practiced law from 1987 to 2002. He was elected county freeholder (legislator) for Morris County, serving from 1995 to 1998. By 2002, he had campaigned for Presidents George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and George W. Bush; the latter appointed him U.S. Attorney for New Jersey, a position he held from 2002 to 2008. Christie won the 2009 Republican primary for Governor of New Jersey, defeating the incumbent Jon Corzine
Jon Corzine
in the general election. During his first term, he was credited with cutting spending, capping property tax growth, and was praised for his response to and recovery efforts after Hurricane Sandy, and was re-elected by a wide margin in 2013.[1] After the start of his second term as governor, Christie's standing was damaged by the Fort Lee lane closure scandal.[2][3][4][5][6] Since then, he has ranked among the least popular governors in the United States; for example, a September 2016 poll found that he was the third least popular governor in the country, with an approval rating of 29%.[7] By June 2017, he was found to have an approval rating of 15%, the lowest recorded for any New Jersey governor.[8][9] As of July 2017, his disapproval rating of 69% was the highest of all governors in the nation.[10] Christie chaired the Republican Governors Association
Republican Governors Association
for the 2014 election cycle.[11] On June 30, 2015, he announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination in the 2016 presidential election. He suspended his candidacy on February 10, 2016,[12][13][14][15][16][17] and soon after endorsed Donald Trump, who named him head of his transition planning team.[18] Christie was strongly considered to be Trump's running mate but was not chosen. Soon after the election, Christie was replaced on the transition team by Mike Pence, as were three of Christie's associates.[19][20][21] He chaired the Opioid and Drug Abuse Commission in 2017 after being appointed by Trump.[22][23]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Personal life 3 Law practice and local politics

3.1 Lawyer 3.2 Morris County Freeholder 3.3 Lobbyist

4 United States Attorney

4.1 Appointment 4.2 Enforcement record

5 Governor of New Jersey
Governor of New Jersey
(2010–2018)

5.1 Campaign for office 5.2 Positions on issues and actions as governor

5.2.1 Fiscal

5.2.1.1 Tax credits
Tax credits
and incentives 5.2.1.2 Public employee pensions

5.2.2 Education 5.2.3 Energy and environment

5.2.3.1 Hydraulic fracturing 5.2.3.2 Exxon Mobil
Exxon Mobil
environmental contamination lawsuit

5.2.4 Supreme Court nominations 5.2.5 Minimum wage
Minimum wage
and equal pay for women 5.2.6 Farm animal welfare 5.2.7 Immigrants and immigration laws 5.2.8 Homosexuality and same-sex marriage 5.2.9 Abortion 5.2.10 Medical marijuana
Medical marijuana
and legalization for recreational use 5.2.11 Vaccination 5.2.12 Firearms 5.2.13 Transportation

5.3 Hurricane Sandy 5.4 Visit to the Middle East 5.5 2013 re-election campaign 5.6 Fort Lee lane closure 5.7 Lowest approval ratings

6 Republican Governors Association 7 Presidential politics

7.1 Decision not to run in 2012 7.2 Activities related to 2012 presidential election 7.3 Health and weight 7.4 National role after 2012 7.5 2016 presidential campaign 7.6 Trump campaign, transition, administration roles

8 Opioid epidemic
Opioid epidemic
efforts 9 ABC News 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Early life and education[edit] Christie was born in Newark, New Jersey, to Sondra A. (née Grasso), a telephone receptionist, and Wilbur James "Bill" Christie, a certified public accountant.[24][25][26] His mother was of Italian (Sicilian) ancestry, and father is of German, Scottish, and Irish descent.[27][28][29][30][31] Christie's family moved to Livingston, New Jersey, after the 1967 Newark riots,[32] and Christie lived there until he graduated from Livingston High School in 1980.[33] At Livingston High School, Christie served as class president and played catcher for the baseball team.[32] Christie's father and mother were Republican and Democratic, respectively. He has credited, however, his Democratic-leaning mother for indirectly making him a Republican by encouraging him in 1977 to volunteer for the gubernatorial candidate who became his role model: Tom Kean.[25] Christie had become interested in Kean after the politician, then a state legislator, spoke to Christie's junior high school class.[32] Christie graduated from the University of Delaware
University of Delaware
with a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1984 and Seton Hall University
Seton Hall University
School of Law with a J.D. in 1987. He was admitted to the New Jersey State Bar Association and the Bar of the United States District Court, District of New Jersey, in December 1987. He was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Rutgers University
Rutgers University
and Monmouth University
Monmouth University
in 2010.[34][35] Personal life[edit] In 1986, Christie married Mary Pat Foster, a fellow student at the University of Delaware. After marrying, they shared a studio apartment in Summit, New Jersey.[36] Mary Pat Christie
Mary Pat Christie
pursued a career in investment banking and eventually worked at the Wall Street
Wall Street
firm Cantor Fitzgerald; she left the firm in 2001 following the September 11 attacks.[25] Through April 2015 she was a managing director at the Wall Street
Wall Street
investment firm Angelo, Gordon & Co.[37] Christie and Mary Pat have two sons and two daughters.[38] The family resides in Mendham Township.[39][40] Christie's hobbies have included coaching Little League, cheering for the New York Mets, and attending Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
concerts (141 of them).[41][42] Christie's other favorite sports teams are the New York Knicks, New York Rangers, and Dallas Cowboys.[43] Law practice and local politics[edit] Lawyer[edit] In 1987, Christie joined the law firm of Dughi, Hewit & Palatucci of Cranford, New Jersey.[44] In 1993, he was named a partner in the firm.[44] Christie specialized in securities law, appellate practice, election law, and government affairs. He is a member of the American Bar Association and the New Jersey State Bar Association and was a member of the Election Law Committee of the New Jersey State Bar Association. From 1999 to 2001, Christie was registered statehouse lobbyist for Dughi and Hewit.[45] Morris County Freeholder[edit] Christie volunteered for President George H. W. Bush's 1992 re-election campaign in New Jersey, and became close to Bush's state director, Bill Palatucci. Following the campaign, Christie decided to run for office, and moved to Mendham Township. In 1993, Christie launched a primary challenge against the New Jersey Senate
New Jersey Senate
Majority Leader, John H. Dorsey. However, Christie's campaign ended after Dorsey successfully challenged the validity of Christie's petition to appear on the ballot.[32] In 1994, Christie was elected as a Republican to the Board of Chosen Freeholders, or legislators, for Morris County, New Jersey, after he and a running mate defeated incumbent freeholders in the party primary. Following the election, the defeated incumbents filed a defamation lawsuit against Christie based on statements made during the primary campaign.[46] Christie had incorrectly stated that the incumbents were under "investigation" for violating certain local laws. The lawsuit was settled out of court, with Christie acknowledging that the prosecutor had actually convened an "inquiry" instead of an "investigation", and apologizing for the error, which he said was unintentional.[47][48] As freeholder, Christie required the county government to obtain three quotes from qualified firms for all contracts. He led a successful effort to bar county officials from accepting gifts from people and firms doing business with the county. He voted to raise the county's open space tax for land preservation; however, county taxes on the whole were decreased by 6.6% during his tenure. He successfully pushed for the dismissal of an architect hired to design a new jail, saying that the architect was costing taxpayers too much money. The architect then sued Christie for defamation over remarks he made about the dismissal, eventually dropping the suit without explanation.[49][50] In 1995, Christie announced a bid for a seat in the New Jersey General Assembly; he and attorney Rick Merkt ran as a ticket against incumbent Assemblyman Anthony Bucco and attorney Michael Patrick Carroll in the Republican primary. Christie ran as a pro-choice candidate and supporter of the ban on assault weapons.[51] Bucco and Carroll, the establishment candidates, defeated the up-and-comers by a wide margin. After this loss, Christie's bid for re-nomination to the freeholder board was unlikely, as unhappy Republicans recruited John J. Murphy to run against Christie in 1997. Murphy defeated Christie in the primary.[52] Murphy, who had falsely accused Christie of having the county pay his legal bills in the architect's lawsuit, was sued by Christie after the election. They settled out of court with the Freeholders admitting wrongdoing and apologizing.[53] Christie's career in Morris County politics was over by 1998.[52] Lobbyist[edit] When Christie's part-time position as a Chosen Freeholder lapsed, he returned full attention to his law firm Dughi, Hewit & Palatucci. Alongside fellow partner and later, gubernatorial campaign fundraiser Bill Palatucci, Christie's firm opened an office in the state capital, Trenton, devoted mainly to lobbying.[54][55][56] Between 1999 and 2001, Christie and Palatucci lobbied on behalf of, among others, GPU Energy for deregulation of New Jersey's electric and gas industry;[55] the Securities
Securities
Industry Association to block the inclusion of securities fraud under the state's Consumer Fraud Act; Hackensack University Medical Center for state grants; and the University of Phoenix for a New Jersey higher education license.[57] During the 2000 presidential election, Christie was George W. Bush's campaign lawyer for the state of New Jersey.[32] United States Attorney[edit] Appointment[edit] On December 7, 2001, President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
appointed Christie the U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey.[58] Some members of the New Jersey Bar professed disappointment at Christie's lack of experience. At the time, he had never practiced in a federal courtroom before, and had little experience in criminal law. Christie received the overwhelming support of the Republican Party in New Jersey. A spokesperson for Acting Governor Donald DiFrancesco, who selected nominees for the position, said that he received hundreds of letters of support for Christie "from everyone from the Assembly speaker down to the county level, close to every member of the Legislature and every county chairman." Christie was also a top fundraiser for Bush's 2000 presidential campaign. He helped raise $350,000 for Bush, qualifying him as a "Pioneer", and also donated to DiFrancesco.[59][60] Democrats seized upon the role played by Bush's political adviser, Karl Rove, after Christie's law partner, William Palatucci, a Republican political consultant and Bush supporter, boasted that he had selected a United States attorney by forwarding Christie's résumé to Rove.[61] According to New Jersey's senior Senator, Bob Torricelli, Christie promised to appoint a "professional" with federal courtroom experience as deputy if confirmed. By Senate tradition, if a state's senior Senator opposes the nomination of a U.S. Attorney, the nomination is effectively dead, but Christie's promise was enough for Torricelli to give the nomination his blessing.[60] He was unanimously confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 2001, and sworn into office on January 17, 2002. The brother of Christie's uncle (his aunt's second husband), Tino Fiumara, was an organized crime figure; according to Christie, the FBI presumably knew that when they conducted his background check.[62] Later, Christie recused himself from the case and commented about what he had learned growing up with such a relative: "It just told me that you make bad decisions in life and you wind up paying a price."[62] Enforcement record[edit]

Christie, c. June 2004, served as the United States Attorney
United States Attorney
for New Jersey from 2002 to 2008

Christie served as the Chief Federal Law Enforcement Officer in New Jersey from January 17, 2002, to December 1, 2008. His office included 137 attorneys, with offices in Newark, Trenton, and Camden. Christie also served on the 17-member Advisory Committee of U.S. Attorneys for Attorneys General John Ashcroft
John Ashcroft
and Alberto Gonzales. Soon after taking office, Christie let it be known that his office would make public corruption a high priority, second only to terrorism.[60] During his six-year tenure, he received praise for his record of convictions in public corruption cases. His office convicted or won guilty pleas from 130 public officials, both Republican and Democratic, at the state, county and local levels.[63] The most notable of these convictions included those of Democratic Hudson County Executive Robert C. Janiszewski in 2002 on bribery charges,[64] Republican Essex County Executive James W. Treffinger in 2003 on corruption charges,[65] former Democratic New Jersey Senate
New Jersey Senate
President John A. Lynch Jr., in 2006 on charges of mail fraud and tax evasion,[66] State Senator and former Newark Democratic mayor Sharpe James in 2008 on fraud charges,[67] and Democratic State Senator Wayne R. Bryant in 2008 on charges of bribery, mail fraud, and wire fraud.[68] Christie negotiated seven deal deferred prosecution agreements (DPAs) during his tenure, some of which were controversial.[69] Under agreements like these, corporations avoid prosecution if they promise not just to obey the law or pay for bad acts, but also promise to change personnel, or revamp business practices, or adopt new types of corporate governance. They are typically used in lieu of prosecution when there is evidence of particularly egregious corporate misconduct. Since 2002, these types of agreements have been sharply on the rise among federal prosecutors, with 23 between 2002 and 2005, and 66 between 2006 and 2008.[69] Outside monitors are appointed in about half of all DPAs, to make sure that the corporations comply.[69] In one case, Christie recommended appointment of The Ashcroft Group, a consulting firm owned by his former boss John Ashcroft, as an outside monitor of Zimmer Holdings—a contract worth as much as $52 million from Zimmer, which was an amount in line with fee structures at that time.[70][71] In another instance, Christie's office deferred criminal prosecution of pharmaceutical company Bristol Myers in a deal that required the company to dedicate $5 million for a business ethics chair at Seton Hall University
Seton Hall University
School of Law, Christie's alma mater.[72][73] Christie defended the appointment of Ashcroft, citing his prominence and legal acumen.[74] and he defended the Seton Hall donation as happenstance given that there was already a business ethics endowed chair at the only other law school in the state.[75] Still, cases like these led to new rules within the Justice Department,[70][76] and sparked a congressional hearing on the subject.[69][77][78] Besides doubling the size of the anticorruption unit for New Jersey,[79] Christie also prosecuted other federal crimes. For example, he obtained convictions of brothel owners who kept Mexican teenagers in slavery as prostitutes, convicted 42 gang members of the Double II Set
Double II Set
of various crimes including more than 25 murders, and convicted British trader Hemant Lakhani of trying to sell missiles.[80] Despite claims of entrapment,[81] Lakhani was convicted by jury in April 2005 of attempting to provide material support to terrorists, unlawful brokering of foreign defense articles, and attempting to import merchandise into the U.S. by means of false statements, plus two counts of money laundering. He was sentenced to 47 years in prison.[82] In 2007, Christie prosecuted the planners of the averted 2007 Fort Dix attack plot, which he has frequently mentioned as a career highlight.[83]

Christie at a town hall meeting in Union City, New Jersey, on February 9, 2011

During the second term of George W. Bush, a controversy arose about the administration's dismissal of several U.S. attorneys, allegedly for political reasons. When it was revealed that Christie had been on a preliminary version of the hit list, New York Senator Charles Schumer said: "I was shocked when I saw Chris Christie's name on the list last night. It just shows a [Justice] department that has run amok."[84] Pat Meehan, the U.S. attorney in Philadelphia, said: "Among his peers, Chris stands out as one of the most admired. If you were to create a list of the U.S. attorneys who have had the greatest impact, Chris would be one of the top two or three names I'd put on it. This defies explanation."[84] Christie's opponents claimed that he had gotten off the Bush administration's hit list by going after Congressman Robert Menendez; for example, New York Times columnist Paul Krugman
Paul Krugman
wrote, "Menendez's claims of persecution now seem quite plausible."[84] Christie had issued a subpoena regarding Menendez 65 days before the 2006 Senate election, in which Menendez defeated Republican Thomas Kean
Thomas Kean
Jr. to become New Jersey's junior Senator.[32][85] Christie's biographers (journalists Michael Symons and Bob Ingle) concluded that, "The timing of the Menendez-related subpoena doesn't line up right to support the critics' theory."[84] Christie's aides have said that the subpoena was prompted by a newspaper report about Menendez,[86] which prosecutors feared might imminently lead to destruction of documents and other evidence. The investigation of Menendez continued for years after Christie left office as U.S. Attorney, until Menendez was finally cleared on October 5, 2011.[84] Governor of New Jersey
Governor of New Jersey
(2010–2018)[edit] Main article: Governorship of Chris Christie Campaign for office[edit] See also: New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2009
New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2009
and New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2013

Christie's campaign bus pulls out front of Stainton Square in Ocean City, New Jersey

Christie filed as a candidate for the office of governor on January 8, 2009.[87] Former Governor Thomas Kean
Thomas Kean
helped Christie campaign and raise money.[32] In the primary on June 2, Christie won the Republican nomination with 55% of the vote, defeating opponents Steve Lonegan
Steve Lonegan
and Rick Merkt.[88] He then chose Kimberly Guadagno, Monmouth County sheriff, to complete his campaign ticket as a candidate for lieutenant governor. On November 3, Christie defeated Jon Corzine
Jon Corzine
by a margin of 49% to 45%, with 6% of the vote going to independent candidate Chris Daggett.[89] Christie took office as Governor of New Jersey
Governor of New Jersey
on January 19, 2010.[90] He chose not to move his family into Drumthwacket, the governor's official mansion, and instead resides in a private Mendham Township, New Jersey, residence.[91] Positions on issues and actions as governor[edit] Fiscal[edit] Christie has promised not to raise taxes. He has also vowed to lower the state income and business taxes, with the qualification that this might not occur immediately: "I'm not saying I'm cutting taxes in the first year. The first thing we have to do is get our fiscal house in order, and that's going to be tough."[92] During his term as governor, Christie delivered balanced budgets annually for the state as required by the New Jersey Constitution. He claims to have done so without increasing taxes, though this has been debated as he has made reductions to tax credits such as the earned income tax credit and property tax relief programs.[93][94] Under Christie, there have so far been no rate increases in the state's top three revenue generators: income tax, sales tax, and corporate business tax.[94] Christie originally proposed a 10 percent income tax cut for all residents of the State, but he later targeted his proposal for people earning less than $400,000 per year, and it would be in the form of an income tax credit equal to 10 percent of their property taxes, capped at $10,000 (phased in over four years).[95] The Democratic-controlled state legislature has refused to implement it to date, taking the view that there would never be enough money to fund a tax cut.[95]

Christie at a town hall in March 2011

On February 11, 2010, Christie signed Executive Order No. 14, which declared that a "state of fiscal emergency exists in the State of New Jersey" due to the projected $2.2 billion budget deficit for the current fiscal year (FY 2010).[96] In a speech before a special joint session of the New Jersey Legislature
New Jersey Legislature
on the same day, Christie addressed the budget deficit and proposed various fiscal measures to close the gap. Christie also suspended funding for the Department of the Public Advocate and called for its elimination.[97] Some Democrats criticized Christie for not first consulting them on his budget cuts and for circumventing the Legislature's role in the budget process.[98] In late June 2011, Christie utilized New Jersey's line item veto to eliminate nearly $1 billion from the proposed budget, signing it into law just hours prior to the July 1, 2011, beginning of the state's fiscal year.[99] In 2010, Christie signed legislation to limit annual property tax growth to 2 percent.[100] During his second year in office, Christie signed into law a payroll tax cut reducing funding of the Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI) fund by $190 million per year. Effective calendar year 2012, the tax cut authorizes the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development to reduce payroll deduction for most employees from $148 to $61 per year. According to Labor Commissioner Harold J. Wirths, New Jersey workers had been paying much more into the disability fund than what is needed to keep it solvent. The changes took effect on January 1, 2012.[101] Under Christie's governorship, New Jersey's credit rating has been downgraded nine times (across Standard & Poor, Fitch Ratings, and Moody's Investors Service), leaving only Illinois with a lower rating among US states.[102][103] As Governor of New Jersey, Christie has received grades of B in 2012[104][105] and B in 2014[106][107] from the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, in their biennial Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's governors. Tax credits
Tax credits
and incentives[edit] On September 18, 2013, Christie signed legislation to overhaul the state's business tax incentive programs. The legislation reduces the number of tax incentive programs from five to two, raises the caps on tax credits, and allows smaller companies to qualify. It increases the credits available for businesses in South Jersey.[108] Public employee pensions[edit] In March 2010, Christie signed into law three state pension reform bills, which had passed with bipartisan support. The laws decreased pension benefits for future hires and required public employees to contribute 1.5 percent of their salaries toward their health care. The laws prompted a lawsuit by the police and firefighters' unions.[109] In his campaign for governor, Christie opposed any change in pension benefits for firefighters and law enforcement officers, including "current officers, future officers or retirees". He described the pension agreement as "a sacred trust".[110] Later that year, he called for further cuts, including the elimination of cost-of-living adjustments for all current and future retirees.[111] In June 2011, Christie announced a deal with the Democratic leadership of the legislature on a reform of public employee pensions and benefits. The deal raised public employees' pension contributions, mandated the state to make annual payments into the system, increased public employee contributions toward health insurance premiums, and ended collective bargaining for health benefits. The reform is projected to save the state $120 billion over 30 years.[112] In June 2013, Christie signed a $33 billion state budget that makes a record $1.7 billion payment to the state's pension fund and also increases school funding by almost $100 million. The budget resulted from negotiations between Christie and Democratic leaders in the state legislature and was the first that Christie has signed as passed, without vetoing any of its provisions.[113] In May 2014, Christie cut the contributions to New Jersey public workers' pension funds for a 14-month period by nearly $2.5 billion to deal with a revenue shortfall in the state budget of $2.75 billion.[114] The state will instead make a $1.3 billion payment during the period. Christie cited the state constitution's requirement to have a balanced budget for his decision to cut payments to pensions for state workers, and follows Christie's changes to the state’s pension formula earlier in 2014 to save $900 million through the end of his term.[115] Education[edit] Perhaps the most controversial school policy kept alive during Christie's reign as governor of New Jersey was state control of school districts.[116] These school districts contained relatively high numbers of underachieving students, people of color, people who are poor, and people who belonged to the Democratic political party, which was in opposition to Christie.[117][118] In Newark, Christie hired the infamous Chris Cerf to replace the equally-infamous Cami Anderson to be the state-appointed authority over the school district[119][120] Under Christie, Cerf took the politically unpopular move to overrule the democratically elected school board in Newark.[121] Recent research concluded that the reforms pressed by Christie, Anderson, and Cerf were ineffective at improving outcomes in Newark.[122] The reforms in Newark, of which Christie has claimed success,[123] have also been criticized by the New Yorker Magazine[124] and a popular book titled The Prize.[125] Another political scandal implicating Christie has been the under-funding of school districts. Reports found that Christie's state government did not follow the School Funding Reform Act and illegally withheld funds from districts throughout New Jersey.[126] A 2017 school funding proposal by Christie was described by education researchers as "one of the least equitable in the country"[127] During Christie's governorship, State Commissioner of Education Chris Cerf came to the defense of the policies that the NJ Supreme Court declared unconstitutional,[128] which contradicted basic education research.[129][130] Christie, whose own children attend Catholic parochial school, is a strong supporter of the state granting tax credits to parents who send their children to private and parochial schools.[131] He also supports the introduction of state-funded vouchers, which parents of students in failing school districts could use to pay the tuition of private schools, or of public schools in communities other than their own which agree to accept them.[132] Christie supports merit pay for teachers.[133] On August 25, 2010, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced $400 million in federal Race to the Top education grants to New Jersey would not be funded due to a clerical error in the state's application made by an unidentified mid-level state official. Christie responded by saying that the Obama administration bureaucracy had overstepped its authority and that the error lay in an administration failure to communicate with the New Jersey government.[134] However, information later came to light that the issue had already been raised with Christie's Education Commissioner Bret Schundler, and in response Christie had asked for Schundler's resignation; Schundler initially agreed to resign, but the following morning asked to be fired instead, citing his need to claim unemployment benefits. Schundler maintained that he told Christie the truth and that Christie was misstating what actually occurred.[135] In January 2011, the Christie administration approved 23 new charter schools, including the state's first independent school for children with autism. The approvals increased the number of charter schools in the state to 96.[136] On August 6, 2012, Christie signed a law reforming the tenure system for New Jersey public school teachers. Under the new law, teachers will be required to work four years, instead of three, in order to earn tenure. Additionally, teachers will need to earn positive ratings two years in a row before tenure can be awarded. Tenured teachers with poor ratings for two consecutive years will be eligible for dismissal. Finally the law limits the hearing process for appeals related to dismissal of tenured teachers to 105 days.[137] On March 6, 2013, the Christie administration released proposed regulations to overhaul the process of evaluating public school teachers in New Jersey. Under the proposal, a percentage of teachers' evaluations would be based on student growth on state tests or based on student achievement goals set with principals.[138] In September 2014, Christie signed a partnership with Mexico on a higher education project to foster economic cooperation. The program will focus on research ventures, cross-border fellowships, student and teacher exchanges and conferences—among other educational opportunities.[139] Energy and environment[edit] Christie has stated that he believes that the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection is too big and is "killing business" with permit delays and indiscriminate fines. He announced that, if elected, the agency would be his first target for government reduction: he would reduce its workforce and strip it of its fish and wildlife oversight.[140] Christie has stated that he intends to simultaneously spur growth in the state's manufacturing sector and increase New Jersey's capability to produce alternative energy. He has proposed a list of policy measures to achieve this, including giving tax credits to businesses that build new wind energy and manufacturing facilities, changing land use rules to allow solar energy on permanently preserved farmland, installing solar farms on closed landfills, setting up a consolidated energy promotion program, and following a five-to-one production to non-production job ratio in the creation of new energy jobs.[141] In August 2010, legislation to encourage the development of wind power in New Jersey was signed by Christie at the Port of Paulsboro. The Offshore Wind Economic Development Act authorized New Jersey Economic Development Authority to provide up to $100 million in tax credits for wind energy facilities.[142] The governor has pledged to ban coal-fired power plants, and to reach 22.5% renewable generation in the state by 2021.[143] On May 26, 2011, Christie announced he would pull the state out of Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.[144] This was challenged in court which ruled in March 2014 that Christie had acted illegally in doing so since state regulations do not permit it.[145] His administration is seeking to repeal the rules.[146] Hydraulic fracturing[edit] Christie has rejected permanent bans on hydraulic fracturing (fracking) in New Jersey and vetoed measures that would ban the process and disposal of hydraulic fracturing waste in the State. New Jersey has few proven shale reserves and the process is not practiced there. Christie argued that the vetoed Senate Bill (S253) was premature because of an ongoing study to be completed in 2014 and would discriminate against other states, a violation of the Dormant Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution.[147] Supporters of legislation have said that hydraulic fracturing waste from Pennsylvania makes its way into New Jersey for treatment, although how much is not clear. They also criticized Christie's legal analysis saying that the Office of Legislative Services has said that the bill is constitutional.[147] Exxon Mobil
Exxon Mobil
environmental contamination lawsuit[edit] Main article: Exxon Mobil-New Jersey Environmental Contamination Settlement Christie's settled a lawsuit with Exxon Mobil
Exxon Mobil
by allowing the corporation to pay $225 million in damages for environmental contamination at two sites, less than 3% of the $8.9 billion that the state's lawyers had sought, and extended the compensation to cover other damages not named in the original lawsuit.[148] The settlement was slammed by environmental advocates. David Pringle, state campaign director of Clean Water Action, called it "the biggest corporate subsidy in state history," vowing to overturn it.[149] Jeff Tittel of the Sierra Club
Sierra Club
called this move "a violation of the public trust."[148] The New Jersey State Senate also condemned the deal, with state Senator Raymond Lesniak and others suggesting the decision was Christie's effort to plug his own budget shortfalls at the expense of taxpayers over the long term.[150][151][152] ExxonMobil had donated $500,000 to the Republican Governors Association
Republican Governors Association
while Christie was Chairman, though they have insisted it was unrelated to the ongoing suit.[153] The previous gubernatorial administration, that of Democrat Jon Corzine, had also attempted to settle with Exxon, for $550 million, though this offer was made before a 2009 ruling that strengthened the state's bargaining position.[154] Supreme Court nominations[edit]

Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
speaking at an event in October 2015

By tradition since the 1947 state constitution, the seven member New Jersey Supreme Court maintains a political balance and is composed of four members of either the Democratic Party or Republican Party and three of the other.[155] Christie broke with the tradition in May 2010 when he chose not to renominate Justice John E. Wallace Jr.[156] Christie had said the court "had inappropriately encroached on both the executive and legislative function, and that if elected governor, I would take steps through the decisions I made regarding the court to bring back an appropriate constitutional balance to the court."[157] Since taking office, Christie has been in a major conflict with the New Jersey Legislature
New Jersey Legislature
over the court's partisan balance.[158][159] The stand-off between the governor and the New Jersey Senate
New Jersey Senate
has resulted in longstanding vacancies, with temporarily assigned appellate judges filling in.[160][161] Minimum wage
Minimum wage
and equal pay for women[edit] In January 2013, Christie vetoed a New Jersey Legislature
New Jersey Legislature
bill that would have raised the minimum wage from $7.25 to $8.50 per hour.[162][163] The following November, the issue was placed on the ballot as a constitutional amendment referendum, passing with 61% of the vote.[164][165] On September 21, 2012, Christie signed Assembly Bill No. 2647 (A-2647) into law that requires employers to post and distribute notice of employees' rights to gender-equal pay, but conditionally vetoed other gender parity bills, requesting revision.[166] Farm animal welfare[edit] In June 2013, Christie vetoed S1921, an animal welfare bill introduced by the Humane Society of the United States
Humane Society of the United States
to prohibit the use of gestation crates on pregnant pigs in the state. The bill had passed in the General Assembly with a vote of 60–5 and the Senate 29–4.[167][168][169] A 2013 survey by Mason-Dixon Polling & Research Inc. showed 91% of New Jersey voters supported the legislation.[170] An attempt to override the veto did not come to a vote.[171] In October 2014, a similar bill banning gestation crates, S998, was proposed with a vote in the Senate of 32–1 and in the Assembly of 53–13 (with 9 abstentions)[172][173] While campaigning in Iowa in November, in a conversation with the former president of the Iowa Pork Producers Association, Christie indicated he would veto the bill.[174] He did so on November 27, 2014.[175] The bill's sponsor, Senator Raymond Lesniak, has vowed to override it.[176] Immigrants and immigration laws[edit] Christie emphasizes the need to secure the border, and believes it is premature to discuss legalization of people who came to the United States unlawfully.[177] While serving as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey, Christie stressed that simply "[b]eing in this country without proper documentation is not a crime," but rather a civil wrong; and that undocumented people are not criminals unless they have re-entered the country after being deported. As such, Christie stated, responsibility for dealing with improperly documented foreign nationals lies with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, not the U.S. Attorney's Office.[178] Christie has been critical about section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, enacted in 1996, which can be used to grant local law enforcement officers power to perform immigration law enforcement functions.[179] In December 2013, Christie signed legislation allowing unauthorized immigrants who attend high school for at least three years in New Jersey and graduate to be eligible for the resident rates at state college and universities and community colleges.[180] Homosexuality and same-sex marriage[edit] Christie indicated in 2009 that he would veto any bill legalizing same-sex marriage in the state,[92] saying, "I also believe marriage should be exclusively between one man and one woman.... If a bill legalizing same sex marriage came to my desk as Governor, I would veto it."[181] On February 13, 2012, the State Senate passed a bill legalizing same-sex marriage by a vote of 24 to 16, and on February 16, the Assembly passed it by a vote of 42 to 33, with three Republicans and one Democrat not voting, and one seat temporarily vacant. In neither house was the bill passed by a veto-proof majority. Governor Christie vetoed the bill the next day and called for a constitutional amendment for same-sex marriage to be presented to the voters as a ballot referendum.[182] He also called for creation of an ombudsman (public advocate) to ensure compliance with the state's existing civil union law.[183] Christie's veto was overturned in a court decision in the Garden State Equality v. Dow case, in which the judge stated New Jersey was "... violating the mandate of Lewis and the New Jersey Constitution's equal protection guarantee". Following the decision, the Christie administration immediately asked the state Supreme Court to grant a stay of the decision pending appeal, which was denied on October 18, 2013, in a 7–0 decision of the court which stated that it could "find no public interest in depriving a group of New Jersey residents of their constitutional right to equal protection while the appeals process unfolds".[184] Three days later Christie withdrew the state's appeal.[185][186] Christie believes that homosexuality is innate, having said, "If someone is born that way, it’s very difficult to say then that that’s a sin."[187] On August 19, 2013, Christie signed a bill outlawing gay conversion therapy for children, making New Jersey the second state to institute such a law.[188] The law was challenged in the courts,[189] with Christie, in his official capacity as governor, named an appellee.[190] In September 2014, a panel of the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the law, saying it did not violate free speech or religious rights.[191] Abortion[edit] In his early political career, Christie was pro-choice, stating in an interview that "I would call myself … a kind of a non-thinking pro-choice person, kind of the default position".[192] Later on Christie evolved his position to be against abortion: "I am pro-life. Hearing the strong heartbeat of my unborn daughter 14 years ago at 13 weeks gestation had a profound effect on me and my beliefs."[181] He has stated, with respect to his opposition to abortion, that he would not use the governor's office to "force that down people's throats", but does favor restrictions on abortion such as banning "partial-birth abortion", requiring parental notification, and imposing a 24-hour waiting period.[92] In 2014, campaigning in Alabama
Alabama
for incumbent governor Robert Bentley, Christie stated that he was the first "pro-life governor" elected in New Jersey since Roe v. Wade
Roe v. Wade
in 1973.[193] He also stated that he had vetoed funding for Planned Parenthood
Planned Parenthood
five times as governor.[193] In March 2015, Christie joined other potential 2016 Republican presidential candidates in endorsing a ban on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[194] On August 4, 2015, Christie stated that he has used birth control other than the rhythm method.[195][196][197][198] This discussion was made during a town hall meeting when Christie was talking about his Catholic faith. Medical marijuana
Medical marijuana
and legalization for recreational use[edit] The "New Jersey Compassionate Use Medical Marijuana Act" was enacted in January 2010.[199][200] As of 2013[update] New Jersey is one of 20 states where medical marijuana is available. In August 2013, Christie signed a bill to ease restrictions for children in the program.[201] Christie is opposed to legalization of recreational marijuana use.[202] He believes marijuana to be a gateway drug and that taxes from its sale are "blood money".[203] Christie said he would "crack down" on states that have ended the prohibition of cannabis if he were president.[204] Vaccination[edit] Christie responded to calls by President Obama to prevent the spread of measles by saying that parents should have a choice.[205] The governor's office said that he "believes vaccines are an important public health protection and with a disease like measles there is no question kids should be vaccinated",[206] but that he was unaware of a free national program to provide new parents with a vaccine checklist.[207] Firearms[edit] In December 2010, Christie commuted the seven-year sentence of Brian Aitken, who had been convicted of transporting three guns within the state; as a result, Aitken was released from prison.[208] Christie has said that each state has the right to determine firearms laws without federal interference.[209] When announcing his candidacy in 2009 he said he supported aggressive enforcement of the state's current gun laws.[92] In 2013, he chose not to defend a legal challenge to a New Jersey law requiring individuals to prove an urgent threat of violence before getting permits to carry handguns.[210][211] In July 2014, Christie vetoed legislation that would have reduced the allowed legal size of ammunition magazines. Instead he re-wrote it, proposing a new standard for involuntary commitment of people who are not necessarily deemed dangerous "but whose mental illness, if untreated, could deteriorate to the point of harm" as well as other forms of involuntary mental health treatments.[212] Christie had previously vetoed proposed legislation that would bar the state pension fund from investing in companies that manufacture or sell assault firearms for civilian use and a bill to prohibit the sale of .50-caliber rifles to civilians.[213] In July 2015, Christie vetoed a bill passed the Assembly by a 74–0 (six abstentions) and the Senate by a 38–0 (2 abstentions) which would require anyone seeking to have their mental health records expunged to purchase a firearm to notify the State Police, their county prosecutor and their local police department when petitioning the court.[214] In October 2015, the New Jersey Senate voted to override Christie's veto.[215] In January 2018, during his final days as Governor of New Jersey, Christie signed legislation making bump stocks illegal in the state.[216] Transportation[edit] Christie has raised tolls and fares ("user fees") on the New Jersey Turnpike, Garden State Parkway, Hudson River crossings and NJ Transit buses and trains during his administration to fund projects throughout the state.[217] In 2014, Christie authorized the increase of numerous other fees charged by the state for various licensing and administrative fees.[218][219] In 2010, Christie cancelled the Access to the Region's Core
Access to the Region's Core
project, which would have constructed two new tunnels under the Hudson River and a new terminal station in New York City for NJ Transit commuter trains.[220] He cited escalating costs and possible further overruns as the reason for his decision.[221] Proponents of the project said it would have created 6,000 construction jobs per year and 45,000 secondary jobs once complete.[222] After the cancellation, New Jersey had to return $95 million to the federal government, and used $1.8 billion of Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
money from the project budget to pay for repairs to the Pulaski Skyway, since the New Jersey Transportation Trust Fund that should fund such maintenance is effectively bankrupt.[223] The termination of the project has made the need for increased rail capacity under the Hudson River more urgent, and Amtrak's Gateway Project
Gateway Project
to bore new tunnels is currently unfunded.[224] Hurricane Sandy[edit]

Play media

' Chris Christie
Chris Christie
On Post-Sandy Obama Meet- 'I Would Do It Again video from MSNBC
MSNBC
in 2017 in the aftermath of Hurricane Harvey

See also: Hoboken Sandy relief funds investigation On December 28, 2012, the U.S. Senate
U.S. Senate
approved $60.4 billion aid package for Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
disaster relief.[225] The House did not vote until the next session on January 3. On January 2, Christie criticized the delay as "selfishness and duplicity" and blamed the House Speaker John Boehner
John Boehner
and the rest of the House Republican leadership.[226] A bill for relief was passed in the House on January 15.[227] In 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Department of Justice
started an investigation of Christie for making state grants of Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
relief funds to New Jersey cities conditional on support for other projects.[228][229][230] Visit to the Middle East[edit] Continuing the tradition of earlier New Jersey governors since the 1980s, Christie traveled to Israel
Israel
in April 2012.[231][232][233] During the visit, which included meetings with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and President Shimon Peres, Christie commented that " Jerusalem
Jerusalem
has never been better or freer than under Israeli control."[234][235] Christie took a helicopter tour of the West Bank and cautioned against Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank, Jerusalem or the Golan Heights.[236] The official title given to the trip was "Jersey to Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Trade Mission: Economic Growth, Diplomacy, Observance".[237] The visit to Israel
Israel
was Christie's first official overseas trip since taking office.[238] From Israel, Christie continued with his family to Jordan, as guests of King Abdullah II.[239] 2013 re-election campaign[edit] Main article: New Jersey gubernatorial election, 2013 In November 2012, Christie filed papers to run for a second term in office.[240][241] Christie was reelected by a large margin on November 5, 2013, defeating Democratic nominee Barbara Buono. Christie advisors said that Christie sought to win by a large margin to position himself for the presidential primaries and develop a model for other Republican candidates.[242] Christie began building a national fundraising network, aided by the fact that only one other state had a gubernatorial contest in 2013, and those financial resources were intended to support a major outreach effort toward blacks, Hispanics and women.[242] He also ordered a $25 million special election to fill the seat of the deceased Senator Frank Lautenberg. The move was believed to be motivated by a desire to keep Newark Mayor Cory Booker from sharing an election day, 20 days afterward, with Christie, thereby depressing otherwise anticipated black voter turnout that tended to vote Democratic.[243] Fort Lee lane closure[edit] Main article: Fort Lee lane closure scandal

George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge
over the Hudson River, looking west from Manhattan
Manhattan
to Fort Lee and the Palisades

From September 9 through September 13, 2013, two of the three traffic lanes in Fort Lee normally open to access the George Washington Bridge and New York City were closed on orders from a senior Christie aide and a Christie administration appointee. The lane closures in the morning rush hour resulted in massive traffic back-ups on the local streets for five days.[244][245] One common theory as to why the lanes were closed is that it was political retribution against Democratic Fort Lee Mayor Mark Sokolich for not supporting Christie in the 2013 gubernatorial election.[246][247] Another possible motive involves a major real estate development project, which was a top priority for Sokolich, that was under way at the Fort Lee bridge access point.[247][248] Several of Christie's appointees and aides resigned, and Christie fired others, as investigations into the closures intensified.[249][250] In a radio interview on February 3, 2014, Christie indicated that he "unequivocally" had no knowledge of, did not approve, and did not authorize plans to close the toll lanes, and stated that he first found out about the traffic jams from a Wall Street Journal story after the lanes had been reopened.[251] In an interview on ABC, Christie reiterated that he was shocked by the actions of his former aides, stating that "Sometimes, people do inexplicably stupid things."[252] Other investigations were conducted by the United States Attorney
United States Attorney
for the District of New Jersey, the New Jersey Legislature, and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. On September 18, 2014, WNBC reported that unnamed federal sources said the US Attorney investigation had found no evidence that Christie had prior knowledge of or directed the closures.[253][254] An interim report by the NJ legislative committee investigating the closures was released in December 2014.[255] The committee had been unable to determine if Christie had advance knowledge since it was asked by the US Attorney to postpone interviewing certain key witnesses.[256] At a press conference on May 1, 2015, U.S. Attorney Paul J. Fishman
Paul J. Fishman
stated that, based upon the evidence that was available, his office would not bring any more charges in the case.[257] However, in September 2016, federal prosecutors in a trial of two New Jersey government officials over their involvement in "Bridgegate" said that a defendant and a witness boasted about their actions to the governor at the time, confirming what Donald Trump
Donald Trump
had said in December 2015 while opposing Christie for the Republican nomination for the 2016 presidential election.[258] On October 13, 2016, a complaint of official misconduct that alleges that the governor knew of the closures of access lanes while they were ongoing but failed to act to reopen them was allowed to proceed.[259][260] In response to the complaint filed by a local citizen, Bergen County Municipal Presiding Judge Roy McGeady said "I'm satisfied that there's probable cause to believe that an event of official misconduct was caused by Governor Christie. I'm going to issue the summons."[261] In January 2017, Bergen County prosecutors said they would not seek criminal charges against Christie in connection with the scandal.[262][263] On November 4, 2016, a federal jury convicted former top Christie aides Bill Baroni and Bridget Anne Kelly of all charges.[264][265] In March 2017, Baroni was sentenced to two years in prison and Kelly to 18 months in prison. Both were also required to perform 500 hours of community service.[266] Lowest approval ratings[edit] In April 2016, a Rutgers-Eagleton survey found the governor's approval rating had dropped to 26 percent. A similar result was again found by the Institute in September 2016.[267] In May 2016, the Quinnipiac University Polling Institute found 64% of voters disapprove of the job Christie is doing, compared to 29% percent who approve.[268] In June 2016, a Monmouth University
Monmouth University
Polling Institute survey found that just 27 percent of New Jersey adults approve of Christie's job performance, with 63 percent disapproving. The poll found that 79 percent of New Jersey adults say that Christie was more concerned with his political future than with governing the state.[269] Poll results released on November 7, 2016, by Rutgers-Eagleton stated that 19% of New Jersey voters viewed Christie favorably.[270][271] In January 2017, another Quinnipiac poll found a 2% decrease on his approval rating, leading up to 17% with a 78% disapproval rating, making it one of its lowest approval rating for a state governor (both in New Jersey and in the U.S.) in nearly 20 years.[272] In April 2017, a poll suggested that Christie is the least popular governor in the United States, with a 71% disapproval rating.[273] In June 2017, a Quinnipiac poll of New Jersey voters found that 15% approved of Christie, and 81% disapproved. This was the lowest recorded approval rating of a New Jersey governor in history, and the lowest approval rating found by Quinnipiac for any governor in any state in more than two decades.[274] Christie said that he did not care about approval ratings because he was not running for office.[275] Republican Governors Association[edit]

Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
campaigning with Arizona gubernatorial candidate Doug Ducey
Doug Ducey
in 2014

In November 2013, Christie was elected chairman of the Republican Governors Association, succeeding Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal.[276] Christie campaigned extensively on behalf of Republican governors running for re-election.[277] In the first three months of 2014, the RGA raised a record sum for the first quarter of a mid-term election year, almost doubled the amount raised by the Democratic Governors Association during the same period.[278] Christie presided over net gains in Republican governorships in the 2014 elections, including for Republican gubernatorial candidates in three largely Democratic states: Bruce Rauner
Bruce Rauner
in Illinois, Larry Hogan in Maryland and Charlie Baker
Charlie Baker
in Massachusetts.[279] Presidential politics[edit]

Chris Christie
Chris Christie
speaking at the Conservative Political Action Conference

Christie was considered a leading figure in the Republican Party.[280][281] He was the subject of ongoing speculation that he would attempt a run for President of the United States
President of the United States
in 2012 by competing in the Republican primaries. Through 2013 he denied any interest in launching a presidential bid. In September 2011, a number of press stories cited unnamed sources indicating Christie was reconsidering his decision to stay out of the race. An Associated Press story dated September 30 indicated a decision on whether he would run for president in 2012 would be made "soon".[282] In a late September speech at the Reagan Library, he had again said he was not a candidate for president, but the speech also coincided with his "reconsideration" of the negative decision. The Koch brothers (David H. Koch and Charles G. Koch), Kenneth Langone, and retired General Electric CEO Jack Welch
Jack Welch
expressed support for a potential Christie candidacy.[283][284][285] Decision not to run in 2012[edit] In October 2011, Christie said that he had in fact reconsidered his decision but had again decided not to run for president,[286][287] stating at a press conference: "New Jersey, whether you like it or not, you're stuck with me."[288] Christie endorsed Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
for president a few days later.[289] The New York Post
New York Post
has cited anonymous sources as saying Christie was not willing to give up the governorship to be Romney's running mate because he had doubts about their ability to win. The Romney campaign was reported to have asked him to resign his governorship if he became the vice-presidential nominee because "pay to play" laws restrict campaign contributions from financial corporation executives to governors running for federal office when the companies do business with the governor's state.[290] A memo from the campaign attributed Romney's decision not to choose Christie as his running mate, in part, to unanswered questions during the vetting process regarding a defamation lawsuit following Christie's initial campaign for Morris County Freeholder, a Securities
Securities
and Exchange Commission investigation of Christie's brother, as well as his weight.[291][292] Activities related to 2012 presidential election[edit]

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
talk with local residents in Brigantine, New Jersey

Christie gave the keynote address at the Republican National Convention in August 2012.[293] On October 30, 2012, during a press conference to discuss the impact of Hurricane Sandy, Christie praised the disaster relief efforts of President Barack Obama.[294][295][296] Christie stated he still supported Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
and was opposed to many of Obama's policies, but thought Obama deserved credit for his help in the disaster reliefs in New Jersey.[297] Christie had campaigned with Romney for much of the election, but stated Romney did not ask him to join him in campaigns for the last week before the election, to allow Christie to focus on disaster relief.[298] Christie faced significant backlash before and after the election from conservative Republicans who accused him of acting to bolster his own personal political standing at the expense of Romney and the party.[299][300] Health and weight[edit] Political commentators debated whether Christie's weight would or should affect his viability as a 2012 presidential candidate, either for medical or social reasons.[301] In 2011, columnist Eugene Robinson applied the term "extremely obese" to Christie, citing medical guidelines established by the National Institutes of Health. Christie himself was reportedly concerned about his weight and its implications for his health, describing himself as relatively healthy overall.[302] The Obesity Society, a nonprofit scientific group, released a statement asserting, "To suggest that Governor Christie's body weight discounts and discredits his ability to be an effective political candidate is inappropriate, unjust, and wrong."[303] Christie underwent lap-band stomach surgery in February 2013 and disclosed the surgery to the New York Post
New York Post
in May of that year.[304] National role after 2012[edit]

Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
speaking at the 2014 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland

In the aftermath of the election, Christie maintained his national profile and continued to clash with conservatives in his party by strongly criticizing House Speaker John Boehner
John Boehner
regarding aid for Hurricane Sandy[305] and then the National Rifle Association
National Rifle Association
for their ad that mentioned President Obama's children.[306] Christie was subsequently not invited to speak at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), which is largely seen as a stepping-stone for Republicans running for president. The CPAC chair explained that Christie was not invited "for decisions that he made", but that "hopefully next year he's back on the right track and being a conservative."[307] 2016 presidential campaign[edit] Main article: Chris Christie
Chris Christie
presidential campaign, 2016 In January 2015, Christie took his first formal step towards a presidential candidacy by forming a political action committee (PAC)[308] in order to raise funds and prepare for a likely 2016 presidential bid.[309] On June 27, 2015, Christie launched his presidential campaign website. He formally announced his candidacy on June 30, 2015.[310][311][312][313] Christie dropped out of the race on February 10, 2016, after the New Hampshire primary following a poor showing and low poll numbers. He received 7.4% of the overall vote in the New Hampshire primary.[314] Trump campaign, transition, administration roles[edit]

Christie speaking at the 2016 Republican National Convention

Despite having criticized Donald Trump
Donald Trump
prior to leaving the race,[315] he endorsed Trump on February 26, 2016.[316] On May 9, 2016, Trump named Christie to head up a transition team in the event of a Trump presidency.[317] He soon emerged as a major power with the Trump campaign.[318] Trump considered Christie as a potential vice-presidential running mate, and was on the shortlist alongside former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
and Indiana Governor Mike Pence.[319][320] Trump passed over Christie and selected Pence.[321] In September 2016, Christie acknowledged that the Fort Lee lane closure scandal, also known as Bridgegate, was a factor in his being denied the nomination. Trump had said earlier that Christie knew about the closures, which Christie denies.[322][323] Following the release of Trump's tape-recorded comments on an Access Hollywood bus, Christie called Trump's comments "completely indefensible", but also added "I don't think it’s the only way you should make a judgment."[324] After calls for his impeachment as Governor and felony convictions in U.S. federal court for high-ranking members of his staff in the Bridgegate scandal, Christie was dropped by Trump as leader of the transition team, in favor of Pence.[325][326] On the same day, Christie's close associates Richard Bagger and Bill Palatucci
Bill Palatucci
were both removed by Trump from the transition team.[325][326][327] Former Congressman Mike Rogers, a national security expert on the Trump transition team, was additionally another close associate of Chris Christie who was also removed a few days after Christie's departure.[20][21][328] Christie was being considered for a role in the Trump administration,[329] but has said he will serve out his term as governor, which ended in January 2018.[330] On December 11, it was reported that Christie turned down offers to become Secretary of Homeland Security and Secretary of Veterans Affairs, because he wanted to be Attorney General.[331] In February 2017, it was reported that Christie turned down an offer to act as Secretary of Labor, saying he would finish his term as governor after which he would move to the private sector. Opioid epidemic
Opioid epidemic
efforts[edit] In March 2017, Trump picked Christie to chair the President's Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and Opioid Crisis, an advisory committee on the opioid epidemic.[332][333] Christie said that New Jersey would be spending $500 million on the epidemic, and in his last few months as Governor promoted the Reach NJ Campaign.[334] ABC News[edit] In January 2018, Christie joined ABC News
ABC News
as a regular network contributor.[335][336] See also[edit]

Beachgate Electoral history of Chris Christie

References[edit]

Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

^ Mindock, Clark (August 8, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Sandy Recovery: As Presidential Campaign Falters, New Jersey Governor Slammed For Hurricane Response". International Business Times. Retrieved January 26, 2017.  ^ Barbaro, Michael (May 2, 2015). "With Bridge Case Charges, a Cloud Descends on Christie's White House Hopes". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2015.  ^ Miller, Jake (February 12, 2014). "Thanks to scandal, Clinton would crush Christie in 2016, poll says". CBS News. Retrieved February 17, 2014.  (poll conducted February 4–9, 2014) ^ Johnson, Brent (February 5, 2014). "Chris Christie's 2016 prospects drop amid allegations, new poll shows". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved February 17, 2014.  (poll conducted January 31 to February 2, 2014) ^ Evans, Dave (January 9, 2014). "Gov. Christie faces political fallout from BridgeGate scandal". ABC. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2014.  ^ Errol, Louis (December 17, 2013). "Bridge scandal tarnishes Chris Christie's image". CNN. Retrieved February 19, 2014.  ^ Friedman, Matt (September 20, 2016). "Christie among the most unpopular governors in the country, poll finds". Politico.  ^ Friedman, att. "Christie kicks sand in N.J. Republicans' faces, once again". politico. Politico LLC. Retrieved July 7, 2017.  ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude. "Is Christie the least popular N.J. governor ever?". NJ.com. New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved July 7, 2017.  ^ https://morningconsult.com/governor-approval-ratings-july-2017/ ^ "GOV. CHRIS CHRISTIE ELECTED RGA CHAIRMAN Gov. Chris Christie Elected RGA Chairman" (Press release). Republican Governor's Association. November 21, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2016.  ^ "Republican Chris Christie
Chris Christie
ends bid for the White House". BBC News. February 10, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.  ^ Moody, Chris; Killough, Ashley (June 30, 2015). "Chris Christie launches 2016 presidential bid". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2016.  "Christie's stature within the party has dipped in his second term as governor, particularly since the "Bridgegate" scandal." ^ LoBianco, Tony; Preston, Mark (February 10, 2016). "Chris Christie suspends campaign". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2016.  "The damage from "Bridgegate" had many wondering whether his campaign was dead from the start." ^ Katz, Matt (February 10, 2016). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
and New Hampshire: 10 Things That Went Wrong". WNYC. Retrieved February 21, 2016.  "For a guy who rose to political prominence as a corruption-busting truth-teller, the scandal was anti-brand, damaging his image beyond repair." ^ Barbaro, Michael (April 15, 2015). "Even in New Hampshire, 'Bridgegate' Dogs Christie". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2016.  "Chris Christie’s name has tumbled off the list of top-tier presidential candidates ... For Mr. Christie, the lane closures on the George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge
are a weight tethering his political ambitions to the ground." ^ Lupica, Mike (February 11, 2016). "Lupica: Bridgegate doomed Chris Christie's White House run". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 21, 2016.  "The truth of what happened to Christie... is that he never had a chance... when people working in his administration... closed some entrance lanes to the George Washington Bridge." ^ Jeremy Diamond, Jake Tapper, Phil Mattingly and Stephen Collinson, CNN
CNN
(February 26, 2016). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
endorses Donald Trump". CNN. Retrieved February 27, 2016. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Christie replaced by Pence as head of Trump transition team", NorthJersey.com, retrieved November 15, 2016  ^ a b Damian Paletta; Carol E. Lee (November 15, 2016), "Intelligence Expert Mike Rogers Leaves Trump Transition Team Amid Shake-up - Former House Intelligence Committee Chairman seen as Chris Christie
Chris Christie
ally; Ben Carson turns down cabinet post", The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal, retrieved November 15, 2016  ^ a b Ken Dilanian; Alexandra Jaffe (November 15, 2016), "Trump Transition Shake-Up Part of 'Stalinesque Purge' of Christie Loyalists", NBC News, retrieved November 15, 2016  ^ http://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/03/christie_confirms_he_will_lead_trump_drug_commissi.html ^ https://www.facebook.com/PhilipRuckerWP. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
to lead Trump White House drug commission". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ "Times Topics: Christopher J. Christie", The New York Times, February 12, 2008. ^ a b c Martin, John P. (May 23, 2009). "Christie: A need to lead, honed by family and success". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2009.  ^ "Sondra A. Christie Obituary", The Star Ledger, May 3, 2004. ^ Ingle, B.; Symons, M.G. (2012). Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power. St. Martin's Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-250-00836-7. Retrieved February 7, 2015.  ^ Christie, Chris (May 19, 2010), "Governor Christie: Style" on YouTube ^ "Governor Christie Today Show Profile" on YouTube, October 20, 2010. ^ "Partial Genealogy of the Christies" (PDF). Retrieved July 27, 2013.  ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved July 27, 2013.  ^ a b c d e f g Lizza, Ryan (April 14, 2014). "CROSSING CHRISTIE". The New Yorker. Retrieved April 20, 2014.  ^ "Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
heads home to Livingston to talk taxes". The Trentonian. Associated Press. December 8, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2011. "Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
hosts his 16th town hall in his hometown of Livingston Wednesday to talk about proposals to help New Jersey towns control property taxes". ^ " Rutgers University
Rutgers University
graduates largest class, gives N.J. Gov. Chris Christie traditional honorary degree". The Star-Ledger; May 16, 2010. ^ " Monmouth University
Monmouth University
graduates, alumni protest Gov. Chris Christie as graduation speaker". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved February 25, 2014. ^ "Transcript: Gov. Chris Christie's Convention Speech". NPR. Retrieved July 16, 2013.  ^ "Meet the Spouses of the 2016 Presidential Contenders", by Alex Laughlin. National Journal, April 13, 2015. ^ Margolin, Josh (January 3, 2010). " Mary Pat Christie
Mary Pat Christie
readies for role as state's first lady". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved October 2, 2011.  ^ "Governor Christie". State of New Jersey. Retrieved February 8, 2012.  ^ Rogers, Alison (January 20, 2012). "Anybody Home? Governor's Mansions Around the U.S. Sit Empty: New Jersey". Time. Retrieved February 8, 2012.  ^ "Profile: Christopher J. Christie", The New York Times (June 3, 2009). ^ Hudson, John. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Finally Wins Bruce Springsteen's Affection", The Atlantic
The Atlantic
Wire (November 1, 2012). ^ Patra, Kevin (June 19, 2013). "Chris Christie: Dallas Cowboys
Dallas Cowboys
my favorite NFL team". National Football League. Retrieved September 4, 2014.  ^ a b "Here's a look at the life of New Jersey Governor Chris Christie", CNN
CNN
(February 17, 2013). ^ Rispoli, Michael (August 25, 2009). "Gov. Corzine, Chris Christie trade barbs about lobbying histories". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 28, 2014.  ^ Nuzzi, Olivia. "Portrait of the Governor as a Young Man". Politico. Retrieved February 19, 2014.  ^ Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, pp. 48–49 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Garber, Phil. "Christie eats crow, apologizes for 1994 ads against rivals Archived September 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.", Hanover Eagle and Regional Weekly News (November 14, 1996). ^ Heininger, Claire (May 11, 2009). "GOP candidate Chris Christie launched political career as Morris County freeholder". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 25, 2009.  ^ Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 56 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Nuzzi, Olivia. "Portrait of the Governor as a young man". Politico.  ^ a b Pizarrom, Max (December 29, 2008). "A political career in three parts: Chris Christie, the freeholder". PolitickerNJ.com. Retrieved August 25, 2009.  ^ "Freeholders admit wrongdoing, apologize over Christie suit". New Jersey Hills. January 25, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2014.  ^ Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 61 (Macmillan 2013). ^ a b Michael Rispoli (August 26, 2009). "Gov. Corzine, Chris Christie trade barbs about lobbying histories". The Star-Ledger.  ^ Lloyd Grove (January 7, 2013). "In New Jersey and Across America, Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Casts a Big Shadow". The Daily Beast.  ^ Margolin, Josh (August 26, 2009). "Christie, Corzine duel over outsider label". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 29, 2009.  ^ "Nominations". December 7, 2001. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Mansnerus, Laura (August 26, 2001), "New Jersey G.O.P. and Legal Elite Differ on U.S. Attorney", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009  ^ a b c MacGillis, Alec (February 12, 2014). "Chris Christie's Rise and Fall". The New Republic.  ^ Kirkpatrick, David D.; Rutenberg, Jim (March 29, 2007), "E-Mail Shows Rove's Role in Fate of Prosecutors", The New York Times, retrieved August 26, 2009  ^ a b Halbfinger, David M.; Kocieniewski, David (September 23, 2009). "For Christie, Family Tie No Candidate Can Relish". The New York Times. Retrieved October 17, 2009.  ^ Editorial (November 17, 2008), "An impressive resume", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009  ^ Smothers, Ronald (October 4, 2002). "Former New Jersey Official Admits Extorting Bribes". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2010.  ^ Smothers, Ronald (May 31, 2003), "Treffinger Pleads Guilty To Corruption", The New York Times, retrieved March 25, 2009  ^ Kocieniewski, David (September 15, 2006), "Guilty Plea Expected From Former Senate Leader in Trenton", The New York Times, retrieved July 20, 2009  ^ Jeff Whelan, and John P. Martin (April 16, 2008), "Newark ex-mayor Sharpe James is convicted of fraud", The Star-Ledger, retrieved March 25, 2009  ^ Livio, Susan K. (November 19, 2008), "Ex-lawmaker Wayne Bryant is found guilty of bribery", The Star-Ledger, retrieved July 20, 2009  ^ a b c d Barkow, Anthony and Rachel Barkow. Prosecutors in the Boardroom: Using Criminal Law to Regulate Corporate Conduct, pp. 3–4 (NYU Press, 2011). ^ a b Shenon, Philip (March 11, 2008), "New Guidelines Ahead of Ashcroft Testimony", The New York Times, retrieved March 25, 2009, The new monitoring guidelines offer no rules to help prosecutors determine how much a monitor should be paid. In Mr. Ashcroft's case, the fees were determined in negotiations between Zimmer and his firm, the Ashcroft Group. Outside lawyers who have reviewed Mr. Ashcroft's fee structure said it was not out of line. But Professor Henning said he believed that many companies were willing to pay exorbitant fees to a monitor in hopes of leniency.  ^ Whelan, Jeff (November 19, 2007), "Ashcroft's firm to collect $52M to monitor implant case", The Star-Ledger, retrieved August 2, 2009  ^ Reisinger, Sue (May 21, 2008), New DOJ Policy: Just Call it the Christopher Christie Amendment, Law.com, retrieved June 2, 2009  ^ Martin, John P.; Margolin, Josh (November 18, 2008), "Christie quits, setting GOP wheels in motion", The Star-Ledger, retrieved July 20, 2009  ^ Kocieniewski, David (June 26, 2009), "In Testy Exchange in Congress, Christie Defends His Record as a Prosecutor", The New York Times, retrieved July 25, 2009 . Ashcroft defended the practice. See Ashcroft, John. "Bailout Justice", The New York Times (May 4, 2009). ^ Lattman, Peter. Seton Hall Announces Drugmaker-Funded Health Law Center, The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal (April 27, 2007). Christie also said that "It was not my idea. It was not my initiative. It was something they asked for..." See Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 113 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Paul Cox (March 25, 2009), "N.J. GOP gubernatorial candidate Chris Christie's deferred prosecution agreements", The Star-Ledger, retrieved July 23, 2009  ^ Kocieniewski, David (June 26, 2009), "In Testy Exchange in Congress, Christie Defends His Record as a Prosecutor", The New York Times, retrieved July 25, 2009 . GOP Representative Trent Franks
Trent Franks
called the hearing a "witch hunt" whereas Democratic Representative Bill Pascrell called the payment to Ashcroft "ransom". See Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 115 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Heininger, Claire (June 19, 2009), "GOP candidate Chris Christie agrees to testify before Congress on federal monitoring contracts", The Star-Ledger, retrieved August 2, 2009  ^ Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, p. 75 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Ryan, Joe. "Christie proved himself a man of convictions", The Star Ledger (November 23, 2008). ^ "Arms Trader 2009". This American Life. Season 15. Episode 387. August 7, 2009. 50:45 minutes in. Chicago Public Radio. Retrieved August 11, 2009.  ^ "Attorney General Alberto R. Gonzales Highlights Success in the War on Terror at the Council on Foreign Relations", Department of Justice (December 1, 2005). ^ Hussain, Murtaza; Ghalayini, Razan (June 25, 2015). "Christie's Conspiracy". The Intercept. First Look Media. Retrieved June 28, 2015.  ^ a b c d e Symons, Michael and Ingle, Bob. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power, pp. 99–106 (Macmillan 2013). ^ Harowitz, Jason (October 15, 2006), "Prosecutor Makes a Meal of N.J. Senate Race", New York Observer, retrieved November 5, 2009  ^ Kocienniewski, David (February 13, 2008). "Usually on Attack, U.S. Attorney in Newark Finds Himself on the Defensive". The New York Times. Retrieved May 28, 2009.  ^ Margolin, Josh; Alloway, Kristen (January 8, 2009). "Christopher Christie files to run for New Jersey governor". The Star-Ledger. Newark, New Jersey. Retrieved March 25, 2009.  ^ Halbfinger, David M. (June 2, 2009). "Ex-Prosecutor Wins G.O.P. Primary in New Jersey". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2009.  ^ "Official General Election Results" (PDF). New Jersey Division of Elections. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ Fleisher, Lisa (January 19, 2010). "N.J. governor Chris Christie says 'change has arrived' during inauguration speech". The Star-Ledger. ^ "Christie: I won't live at Drumthwacket". The Trentonian. November 7, 2009. ^ a b c d Heininger, Claire; Margolin, Josh (February 4, 2009). "Chris Christie promises change to a 'broken' state in campaign kickoff". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 14, 2009.  ^ "Christie's Fact-Free Keynote", FactCheck.org, Annenberg Public Policy Center (August 29, 2012). ^ a b O'Neill, Erin. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
says he hasn't raised taxes in New Jersey", PolitiFact.com
PolitiFact.com
and The Star-Ledger
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(August 23, 2012). ^ a b Levinsky, David. "Can New Jersey afford a tax cut? Latest revenue numbers help and hurt Christie's arguments" Archived September 9, 2013, at Archive.is, Burlington County Times (July 5, 2013). ^ "Governor Christie Executive Order No. 14" (PDF). February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.  ^ "FY 2010 Budget Solutions Press Release" (PDF). February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.  ^ "N.J. Democrats blast Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
for circumventing Legislature". The Star-Ledger. February 11, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010.  ^ Renshaw, Jarrett (July 2, 2011). "Outrage boils over Christie's line-item veto cuts". The Star-Ledger. Newark, New Jersey. Retrieved July 3, 2011.  ^ "NJ Gov Chris Christie
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plans to sign 2 percent tax cap into law". The Star-Ledger. July 13, 2010.  ^ Hester, Sr., Tom (October 17, 2011). "Change in N.J. payroll tax deduction rate to save workers an average of $87 in 2012 " Archived March 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., New Jersey Newsroom. Retrieved February 20, 2014. ^ Kaske, Michelle; Young, Elise (September 10, 2014). "N.J. Rating Cut by S&P as Christie Gets Record Downgrade". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 10, 2014.  ^ Dopp, Terrence (April 16, 2015). "New Jersey Cut by Moody's as Christie Gets Ninth Debt Downgrade". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved April 17, 2015.  ^ Edwards, Chris (October 9, 2012). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2012" (PDF). Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ Edwards, Chris (October 9, 2012). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors: 2012". Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ Kaeding, Nicole; Edwards, Chris (October 2, 2014). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2014" (PDF). Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ Kaeding, Nicole; Edwards, Chris (October 2, 2014). "Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's Governors 2014". Cato Institute. Retrieved September 3, 2015.  ^ Heather Haddon (September 18, 2013). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Signs New Jersey Tax Incentives Bill". The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2013.  ^ Megerian, Chris (April 23, 2010). "N.J. police, firefighter unions sue to stop pension reform laws". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Garber, Phil (March 11, 2011). "Mount Olive Township Sergeant chides Christie: Officer says governor violated promise to keep 'sacred trust'". Retrieved May 24, 2014.  ^ Fleisher, Lisa (September 14, 2010). "Gov. Christie proposes pension, benefits changes for public workers". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Mark Impomeni (June 22, 2011). "Christie wins on pension, health benefits reform". Human Events. Retrieved August 4, 2013.  ^ Salvador Rizzo (June 28, 2013). "Christie signs bipartisan budget, but vetoes 8 Democratic bills". The Star-Ledger.  ^ Symons, Michael (May 20, 2014). "Gov. Christie cuts N.J. pension payments". USA Today. The Asbury Park (N.J.) Press. Retrieved May 22, 2014.  ^ Miller, Zeke (May 20, 2014). "Christie Cuts Pension Payments as Fiscal Record Shows Cracks". Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014.  ^ "STATE CONTROL OF LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS COMES UNDER FIRE IN THIRD DECADE". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "Report to the Commissioner: Working Group on State Takeover". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "N.J. governor announces takeover of Camden schools". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "Scrap the "Newark Educational Success Board"–it will only impede local control". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "Christie and Cami have stolen more than money from Newark". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "The Newark board defies Cerf. Cerf (politely) defies the Newark board. Christie is still the "decider."". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "Research Note: On Average, Are Children in Newark Doing Better?".  ^ "Chris Christie's bold plan to remake public schools is running into trouble". Retrieved September 9, 2017.  ^ "Schooled:Cory Booker, Chris Christie, and Mark Zuckerberg had a plan to reform Newark's schools. They got an education".  ^ Russakoff, Dale. "The Prize".  ^ http://www.edlawcenter.org/issues/school-funding.html. Retrieved September 2017.  Check date values in: access-date= (help); Missing or empty title= (help) ^ https://njedpolicy.wordpress.com/2016/06/30/how-fair-is-the-fairness-formula-for-new-jersey-school-children-taxpayers/. Retrieved September 2017.  Check date values in: access-date= (help); Missing or empty title= (help) ^ http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2012/03/cerf_defends_christies_propose.html.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ https://schoolfinance101.wordpress.com/2017/09/09/realty-check-trends-in-school-finance/.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ (PDF) https://cdn.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/StealthInequities.pdf.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Wiener, Robert (August 6, 2009). "Christie holds meeting with Orthodox leaders: Republican hopeful offers support for school funding plans". New Jersey Jewish News.  ^ Rispoli, Michael (June 22, 2009). "GOP gov. candidate Chris Christie condemns N.J. public schools as Gov. Corzine heralds system". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 20, 2009.  ^ Halbfinger, David M. (June 18, 2009). "Christie Aims at Democrats Unhappy With Poor Schools". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2009.  ^ Friedman, Matt (August 25, 2010). "Gov. Christie blames Washington bureaucracy for state's failed 'Race to the Top' application". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 5, 2011.  ^ Katz, Matt (August 28, 2010). "Christie fires education chief Schundler after U.S. aid mistake". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 5, 2011.  ^ "Christie Expands Number of Charter Schools in New Jersey". Fox News Channel. Associated Press. January 19, 2011.  ^ Rachel Monahan (August 6, 2012). "New Jersey Gov Chris Christie
Chris Christie
gets tough on teacher tenure". Daily News. New York.  ^ Leslie Brody (March 6, 2013). "Christie administration reveals details of teacher evaluation proposal". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved August 19, 2013.  ^ Colvin, Jil. "Christie signs partnership with Mexico on higher education projects, won't discuss immigration". US News. Associated Press. Retrieved September 9, 2014.  ^ Rispoli, Michael (April 28, 2009). "GOP candidate Chris Christie calls for cuts to N.J. Department of Environmental Protection". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 25, 2009.  ^ "Energy as Industry". Chris Christie
Chris Christie
for Governor, Inc. Retrieved July 14, 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ Beym, Jessica (August 19, 2010). "Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
at Paulsboro Marine Terminal to sign wind energy bill into law". South Jersey Times. Retrieved May 17, 2014.  ^ "New Jersey Quits RGGI, Bans Coal Plants · Environmental Management & Sustainable Development News · Environmental Leader". environmentalleader.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.  ^ "Gov. Christie announces N.J. pulling out of regional environmental initiative". May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011.  ^ Hutchins, Ryan (March 25, 2014). "Christie administration broke law in ignoring greenhouse gas rules, court says". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 28, 2014.  ^ Johnson, Brent (May 27, 2014). "Christie administration seeks to repeal rules tied to greenhouse gas program". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 28, 2014.  ^ a b Jim, Malewitz (September 24, 2012). "In New Jersey, Christie Vetoes Anti-Fracking Bill". Stateline. The Pew Charitable Trusts. Retrieved November 13, 2013.  ^ a b Sullivan, S.P. (March 5, 2015). "State announces settlement in controversial Exxon Mobil
Exxon Mobil
pollution case". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 30, 2015.  ^ "N.J. judge approves controversial Christie, Exxon settlement" NJ.com, 8/25/15: http://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2015/08/nj_judge_approves_controversial_christie_exxon_set.html ^ "N.J. lawmaker calls for resignation of state's acting attorney general amid Exxon controversy," NJ.com, 3/5/15: http://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2015/03/lawmaker_calls_for_resignation_of_states_acting_at.html ^ "Exxon Settles $9 Billion Pollution Case in New Jersey for Far Less," The New York Times, 2/27/15: https://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/28/nyregion/exxon-mobil-settles-with-new-jersey-over-environmental-damage.html ^ Sullivan, S.P. (March 16, 2015). "N.J. Senate condemns Christie's Exxon settlement". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 30, 2015.  ^ Ibid., NY Times, "New Jersey settles" ^ Weiser, Benjamin; Zernike, Kate (March 15, 2015). "Christie Administration Deal With Exxon Was Years in the Making". The New York Times. Retrieved June 30, 2015.  ^ Celock, John (May 31, 2012). "Chris Christie, Stung By New Jersey Supreme Court Nominee Defeat, Attacks Democratic Lawmakers". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 10, 2014.  ^ Love, David A. (January 14, 2014). "Ouster of a black judge is linked to Christie's Bridgegate". The Grio. Retrieved May 3, 2014.  ^ Lu, Adrienne (May 4, 2010). "Christie acts to replace only black N.J. justice He nominated Anne M. Patterson to the high court." The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 3, 2014.  ^ Magyar (August 13, 2013). "Christie's Judicial Shuffle Escalates Supreme Curt Battle". NJ Spotlight. Retrieved April 11, 2014.  ^ Burney, Melanie (January 5, 2014). "Christie plans to name DRPA head as judge". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 2, 2014.  ^ Aron, Michael (December 26, 2013). "Supreme Court Still On Standoff Over Appointments". NJTV News. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Rizzo, Salvador (April 11, 2014). "Reacting to Christie, NJ lawyers call for constitutional amendment to protect judges". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved August 11, 2014.  ^ Portnoy, Jenna (January 28, 2013). "Christie vetoes minimum wage bill, Democrats vow to put measure on ballot". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved October 28, 2014.  ^ Russ, Hilary (January 28, 2014). " Chris Christie
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Vetoes Minimum Wage Increase, Proposes Smaller One". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 28, 2014.  ^ Livio, Susan (November 5, 2013). "N.J. voters approve constitutional amendment raising minimum wage". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved October 28, 2014.  ^ "Election 2013: New Jersey ballot question results". The Star-Ledger. November 5, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014.  ^ "New Jersey Imposes Gender-Equality Notice Obligations on Employers". The National Law Review. Morgan, Lewis & Bockius. October 2, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.  ^ "SENATE, No. 1921". New Jersey Legislature. May 13, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Vetoes NJ Pork Gestation Crate Ban". The Huffington Post. June 27, 2013.  ^ Huffstuutter, P. J. (January 27, 2013). "New Jersey governor vetoes ban on gestation crate use". Reuters. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ "Animal Welfare Groups Urge N.J. Legislators to Support Override on Gestation Crate Bill". Humane Society of the United States. September 17, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Portnoy, Jenna (November 11, 2013). "N.J. Senate to attempt to override Christie's veto on pig crates bill Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
vetoed a bill in June that would have prohibited the farm practice of placing pregnant pigs in gestation cages". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ "SENATE, No. 998". New Jersey Legislature. January 27, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ "S998 Sca (1R)". New Jersey Legislature. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ Arco, Matt (November 14, 2014). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
tells Iowa voters he'll veto N.J. pig bill that's unpopular in presidential battleground state". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Brodesser-Akner, Claude (November 28, 2014). "Christie vetoes pig crate ban, accuses sponsors of partisan politicking". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 30, 2014.  ^ Arco, Matt (December 2, 2014). "Lawmakers will try to override Chris Christie veto of N.J. pig bill as Iowa governor cheers it". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 6, 2014.  ^ Massie, Christopher. "Christie: Rubio 'Wrong' To Propose Legalization Of Undocumented Immigrants", Buzzfeed News
Buzzfeed News
(December 19, 2015). ^ O'Connor, Julie (April 27, 2008). "Christie: Immigrants are not criminals". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 28, 2009.  ^ Pizarro, Max (July 20, 2009). "Christie stands with Guadagno on first stop of LG tour". PolitickerNJ.com. Retrieved July 28, 2009.  ^ Baxter, Christopher (December 20, 2013). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
signs bill granting in-state tuition to N.J. immigrants". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved April 1, 2014.  ^ a b Bohrer, John R. (June 24, 2009). "Another Leading Republican's Values Go Missing". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2009.  ^ Kate Zernike
Kate Zernike
(February 17, 2012). "Christie Vetoes Gay Marriage Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2014.  ^ "N.J. Gov. Christie vetoes gay marriage bill as vowed". USA Today. Associated Press. February 17, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.  ^ "NJ Supreme Court won't delay gay marriage". The Record. October 18, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.  ^ "Christie drops appeal of gay marriage ruling". The Washington Post. October 21, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.  ^ Koenig, Bryan (October 21, 2013). "Christie drops challenge to same-sex marriages". CNN. Retrieved October 21, 2013.  ^ Young, Elise; Sherman, Stacy (August 19, 2013). "Christie Says Gayness Inborn as He Signs Therapy Measure". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 28, 2014.  ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
to sign New Jersey ban on gay conversion therapy". Politico. Retrieved August 19, 2013.  ^ Mulshine, Paul (June 12, 2014). "Gay-conversion case could hurt Chris Christie's standing in GOP: Mulshine". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 12, 2014.  ^ TARA KING, ED.D., individually and on behalf of her patients, RONALD NEWMAN, PH.D., individually and on behalf of his patients, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR RESEARCH AND THERAPY OF HOMOSEXUALITY (NARTH), and AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF CHRISTIAN COUNSELORS (AACC), (Plaintiffs/Appellants) v. CHRISTOPHER J. CHRISTIE, Governor of the State of New Jersey, in his official capacity, ERIC T. KANEFSKY, Director of the New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety: Division of Consumer Affairs, in his official capacity, MILAGROS COLLAZO, Executive Director of the New Jersey Board of Marriage and Family Therapy Examiners, in her official capacity, J. MICHAEL WALKER, Executive Director of the New Jersey Board of Psychological Examiners, in his official capacity; and PAUL JORDAN, President of the New Jersey State Board of Medical Examiners, in his official capacity (Defendants/Appellees) and GARDEN STATE EQUALITY (Interevor/Appellee), CASE NO. 13-4429 (UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY TRENTON DIVISION January 10, 2014). ^ Johnatan, Stempel (September 11, 2014). "New Jersey ban on 'gay conversion therapy' is upheld". Reuters. Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ Bob Ingle; Michael Symons (June 5, 2012). Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power. p. 54. ISBN 1-250-03126-5.  ^ a b Killough, Ashley (August 13, 2014). "Christie touts conservative chops in Alabama". CNN. Retrieved August 13, 2014.  ^ Chris Christie
Chris Christie
endorses 20-week abortion ban: 'I am proud to be a pro-life Republican' Sabrina Siddiqui, The Guardian, March 30, 2015. ^ Adam Howard. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
has used birth control, not 'just the rhythm method'". MSNBC. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Tanya Basu (August 4, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Says He Used Birth Control: 'Not Just the Rhythm Method'". Time. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ Eugene Scott, CNN
CNN
(August 4, 2015). "Christie: Does using birth control make me a bad Catholic?". CNN. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ "Chris Christie: "I've used birth control, and not just the rhythm method"". CBS News. August 5, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.  ^ ftp://www.njleg.state.nj.us/20082009/PL09/307_.HTM ^ Nurin, Tara (January 21, 2014). "NJ'S MEDICINAL MARIJUANA PROGRAM FINALLY MOVING FORWARD". NJ Spotlight. Retrieved May 5, 2014.  ^ Johnson, Brent (April 9, 2014). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
says he opposes bill to legalize marijuana in NJ". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 6, 2014.  ^ Johnson, Brent (April 14, 2014). "Christie: Not even 'casual' marijuana use is OK". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 6, 2014.  ^ Wood, Robert. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Says Marijuana Taxes Are Blood Money. Is He Right?". Forbes. Retrieved March 31, 2015.  ^ Ferner, Matt (April 14, 2015). "Chris Christie: 'I Will Crack Down And Not Permit' Legal Marijuana As President". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 15, 2015.  ^ Camia, Catalina (February 2, 2015). "Christie urges government to find 'balance' on vaccines for kids". USA Today. Retrieved February 2, 2015.  ^ Collinson, Stephen (February 3, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
sidesteps vaccine science". CNN. Retrieved February 3, 2015.  ^ Swaine, Jon (February 8, 2015). "Christie stays out of vaccine greeting card program embraced by 2016 rivals". The Guardian. Retrieved February 8, 2015.  ^ Megerian, Chris (December 21, 2010). "Gun owner Brian Aitken is released from prison after Gov. Christie commutes sentence". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.  ^ Portnoy, Jenna (July 23, 2012). "Gov. Christie says N.J. has enough gun laws, smacks down 'grandstanding'". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 'I believe that each state should have the right to make firearms laws as they see fit,' Christie said during the campaign. 'I don't believe it's right for the federal government to get into the middle of this and decide firearms laws for the people of the state of New Jersey.'  ^ Rizzo, Slavadpr (August 2, 2013). "N.J. handgun law heads to state's top court". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.  ^ Rizzo, Salvador (January 2, 2014). "Christie voices support for N.J. handgun law, but sidesteps legal battles". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 24, 2014.  ^ Perlman/, William (July 2, 2014). "Christie vetoes gun control bill to reduce size of ammunition magazines". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 28, 2014.  ^ Friedman, Matt (July 3, 2014). "New gun bill scorecard: Track New Jersey's gun legislation". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved July 5, 2014.  ^ "Christie vetoes gun bill supported by N.J. Republicans & Democrats". The Star-Ledger.  ^ McGeehan, Patrick (October 22, 2015). " New Jersey Senate
New Jersey Senate
Overrides Christie's Veto of Gun Control Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2015.  ^ http://www.nj.com/politics/index.ssf/2018/01/nj_bans_gun_device_used_in_las_vegas_shooting_afte.html ^ Boburg, Shawn (March 30, 2014). "Christie's toll-money shuffle: Port Authority funds paying for repairs to state roads". The Record. Retrieved March 22, 2014.  ^ Seidman, Amdres (April 14, 2014). "Christie: 'Fees,' fixes are not taxes. Adjustments the governor's budget proposes are similar to what he attacked Buono for in the 2013 campaign". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved May 8, 2014.  ^ Isherwood, Daryl (May 7, 2014). "Christie administration proposes 23 fee increases with new budget". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 8, 2014.  ^ Young, Elise (January 6, 2015). "Christie Endorses Tunnel Four Years After Killing Project". BloombergBusiness. Retrieved June 27, 2015.  ^ Arco, Matt (October 2, 2014). "Looking back: Chris Christie's reasons for scrapping ARC tunnel". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 27, 2015.  ^ Frassinelli, Mike (October 27, 2010). "Gov. Christie cancels ARC tunnel for second time". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved June 29, 2015.  ^ Resnikoff, Ned (January 26, 2014). "Christie's other traffic jam". MSNBC. Retrieved June 27, 2015.  ^ Rubinstein, Dana (October 3, 2014). "Christie's other transit scandal could be the big one". Capital New York. Retrieved June 27, 2015.  ^ Doug Palmer & David Lawder. "Senate approves $60.4 billion Superstorm Sandy aid bill". Reuters. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Calls 'Disgusting' Boehner's Decision to Yank Sandy Funds". ABC News. January 2, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.  ^ Firestone, David (January 16, 2013). "Sandy and the Hastert Rule". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2013.  ^ RawStory, 2014 Jan 19, "Hoboken Mayor Met for Hours with Feds Today After Airing Christie Shakedown Allegations," http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2014/01/hoboken-mayor-met-for-hours-with-feds-today-after-airing-christie-shakedown-allegations/ ^ Steve Kornacki. "US attorney inquiry into Christie widens". MSNBC.  ^ MSNBC, 2014 Sep 24, "Investigations Around Christie Administration Continue," http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/investigations-around-christie-administration-continue ^ "Christie and Israel". The Record. Woodland Park, NJ. April 1, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012.  ^ Haddon, Heather (April 1, 2012). "Christie Takes Trade Mission to Jerusalem". The Wall Street
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Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2012.  ^ Portnoy, Jenna (April 1, 2012). "Visit to Jerusalem
Jerusalem
puts Christie on world stage". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved April 2, 2012.  ^ Portnoy, Jenna (April 4, 2012). "Gov. Christie: Israeli control is best for proper worship at holy sites". New Jersey On-Line. Retrieved April 7, 2012.  ^ "Christie to Peres: NJ Wants More Ties With Israel". NewsMax.com. Bloomberg News. April 3, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2012.  ^ "Christie Takes Hawkish Line on Occupation". The Forward. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. April 17, 2012. ^ "Christie, family going to Israel, Jordan
Jordan
on trade mission". Asbury Park Press. March 29, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012.  ^ "Christie's trip to Israel
Israel
gets under way". Philadelphia, PA: WPVI-TV. Associated Press. April 2, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.  ^ Reitmeyer, John (April 7, 2012). "Christie keeps a lower profile on Jordan
Jordan
trip". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved April 7, 2012.  ^ Delli Santi, Angela (November 26, 2012). "AP Sources: Chris Christie files to seek re-election". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved November 3, 2013.  ^ Mark Murray (November 26, 2012). "Christie files paperwork to run for re-election". NBC News. Retrieved December 1, 2012.  ^ a b Martin, Jonathan. Christie's Re-election Engine Gets in Gear for a Bigger Race, The New York Times (August 17, 2013). ^ Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Will Spend $25 Million Of Taxpayer Money To Avoid Cory Booker', Business Insider, Brett LoGiurato, June 13, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2014. ^ Boburg, Shawn (January 8, 2014). "Christie stuck in a jam over GWB lane closings". The Record.  ^ Delli Santi, Angela (January 10, 2014). "Bridget Anne Kelly, fired Christie aide, was on team from the start". The Christian Science Monitor.  ^ Zernike, Kate (January 8, 2014). "Christie Faces Scandal on Traffic Jam Aides Ordered". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2014.  ^ a b Strunsky, Steve (January 13, 2014). "New subpoenas could go out today in GWB lane closure scandal probe". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ.  ^ Dopp, Terrence; Voreacos, David & Jones, Tim (January 16, 2014). "Christie bridge jam inquiry to probe $1 billion projects". Bloomberg L.P.  ^ Baxter, Christopher (March 11, 2014). "Updated: Timeline of Port Authority's George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge
controversy". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ. Retrieved January 29, 2014.  ^ Strunsky, Steve (March 11, 2014). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
bridge scandal: documents show Port Authority chairman blasting executive director". The Star-Ledger. Newark, NJ.  ^ Walshe, Shushannah & Margolin, Josh (February 3, 2014). "Chris Christie Says He 'Unequivocally' Had No Knowledge of Lane Closure". ABC news. Retrieved March 21, 2014.  ^ "UPDATE 6-NJ governor's internal investigation clears him in 'Bridgegate'". Reuters. March 27, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2014.  ^ Otis, Ginger Adams (September 18, 2014). "Justice Department finds no evidence NJ Gov. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
knew of Bridgegate closures in advance: report". Daily News. New York. Retrieved October 23, 2014.  ^ Dienst, Jonathan; Valiquette, Joe; Williams, Pete (September 19, 2014). "After 9 Months, Federal Probe of GWB Closure Finds No Link to Christie, Federal Sources Say". NBC News
NBC News
(New York). Retrieved September 19, 2014.  ^ "New Jersey Select Committee on Investigation Report: Interim Report to the New Jersey Legislature
New Jersey Legislature
Regarding the September 2013 Closure of George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge
Access Lanes in Fort Lee, New Jersey". New Jersey Legislature. Retrieved December 8, 2014.  ^ Strunsky, Steve (December 4, 2014). "Christie bridge scandal report cannot determine if governor was involved". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 5, 2014.  ^ Seidman, Andrew. "Paul Fishman, U.S. attorney for New Jersey, offers no wider opinion on Bridgegate", The Philadelphia Inquirer
The Philadelphia Inquirer
(May 19, 2015). ^ "The fall and fall of Chris Christie". BBC News. September 22, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.  ^ "Bridgegate misconduct complaint against Christie: What happens next?". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ Rosenberg, Eli (October 13, 2016). "Misconduct Complaint Against Christie Has Merit, Judge Finds". Retrieved July 4, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.  ^ "Bridgegate misconduct complaint against Christie can move forward". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ "Prosecutors will not pursue Bridgegate charges against New Jersey governor". Reuters. January 27, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017.  ^ Woolsey, Anne; Almasy, Steve. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
won't be charged in 'Bridgegate'". CNN. Retrieved January 28, 2017.  ^ Joseph Ax (November 4, 2016), Former Christie allies convicted in N.J. 'Bridgegate' trial, Reuters, retrieved November 4, 2016  ^ Dominique Debucquoy-Dodley; Tom Kludt (November 4, 2016), Bridgegate case verdict: Former officials guilty on all counts, CNN, retrieved November 4, 2016  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017.  ^ "Christie's approval rating at all-time low as Bridgegate trial begins". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ Arco, Matt (May 18, 2016). "N.J. voters sour on Christie, another poll shows". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 18, 2016.  ^ Hanna, Maddie (June 6, 2016). "Christie's approval rating hits record low in another poll". Philadelphia Media Network (Digital), LLC. Retrieved May 18, 2016.  ^ Burke, Cathy (November 7, 2016). "Poll: 19% View Chris Christie Favorably". Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ Beasley, Adya (November 7, 2016). "See just how low Christie's approval ratings have sunk due to Bridgegate trial". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ Christie Hits New Low In New Jersey, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Democrat Has 16-Point Lead In Governor's Race January 31, 2017. ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
named least popular governor in the U.S.: poll". NY Daily News. Retrieved April 11, 2017.  ^ Matt Friedman, Christie is now New Jersey's least popular governor ever, with 15 percent approval, Politico (June 14, 2017). ^ Ryan Hutchins, Christie on 15 percent approval rating: 'I don’t care', Politico (June 20, 2017). ^ Bzdek, Vincent (November 21, 2013). "Christie takes reins of Republican Governors Association". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2014.  ^ "Could strong fundraising be Chris Christie's road to redemption?". CBS News. April 30, 2014. Retrieved May 2, 2014.  ^ Conroy, Scott (April 30, 2014). "Could strong fundraising be Chris Christie's road to redemption?". CBS News. Retrieved May 6, 2014.  ^ "Elections 2014: Chris Christie
Chris Christie
takes a victory lap". POLITICO.  ^ Haberman, Maggie. "Chris Christie's next big move toward 2016", Politico (November 6, 2013). ^ Steinhauser, Paul. "Where Does Christie Go Next?", CNN
CNN
(November 7, 2013) ^ DeFalco, Beth (September 30, 2011). "AP Sources: Christie Soon to Decide on Primary Run". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 8, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2011.  ^ Delamaide, Darrell (September 28, 2011), "The billionaire's choice: Christie for president", MarketWatch. Retrieved September 28, 2012. ^ "Update on the 2012 Republican Presidential Candidates" Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. Charlie Rose. September 29, 2011. Interview with Republican consultant Matthew Dowd, Welch, and reporter Nia-Malika Henderson. Retrieved October 4, 2011. ^ "Kenneth Langone" Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Charlie Rose, October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2011. ^ O'Brien, Michael (October 4, 2011). "Christie will not run for President". MSNBC. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ "A Timeline of Christie and the 2012 Decision", New York: WNBC. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011. ^ Memmott, Mark, "N.J. Gov. Christie Says No To Run For GOP Presidential Nomination". NPR. October 4, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011. ^ "Christie Endorses Romney Ahead of GOP Debate". Fox News Channel. October 11, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2011.  ^ Margolin, Josh; DeFalco, Beth (August 27, 2012). "Christie chose NJ over Mitt's VP role due to fears that they'd lose". New York Post. Retrieved August 27, 2012.  ^ Sullivan, Sean; Rucker, Philip (October 31, 2013). "Obama's advisers considered replacing Biden with Clinton, according to book". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2013.  ^ Friedman, Matt (October 31, 2013). "Book: Romney didn't pick Christie for veep partly due to background 'land mines'". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved May 2, 2014.  ^ Shear, Michael D. (August 14, 2012). "Christie to Be G.O.P. Convention Keynote Speaker". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2012.  ^ Obama, Christie laud 'working relationship' on storm by David Jackson (USA Today, October 31, 2012). ^ The race resumes: Obama buoyed by Christie praise as Romney tempers attacks (National Post, November 1, 2012). ^ Horowitz, Jason (October 31, 2012). "Gov. Chris Christie, an Obama critic, praises the president amid N.J. storm damage". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 1, 2012.  ^ Weiner, Rachel (November 6, 2012). "Chris Christie: I didn't snub Mitt Romney". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 1, 2012.  ^ Jamie Weinstein (November 6, 2012). "Chris Christie: 'Not even my ego's that big' to believe absence from PA rally will affect election". The Daily Caller. Retrieved December 1, 2012.  ^ "The Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Backlash Machine Revs Into High Gear". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 3, 2013.  ^ Brett LoGiurato (October 31, 2012). "Chris Christie, Obama Sandy Tour Causes Conservative Backlash". Business Insider. Retrieved March 3, 2013.  ^ "Obesity debate rages on talk of Christie White House bid". Reuters. October 2, 2011.  ^ Robinson, Eugene (September 29, 2011). "Chris Christie's big problem". The Washington Post.  ^ Stein, Jeannine (October 3, 2011). " The Obesity Society defends Chris Christie". Los Angeles Times.  ^ Palmeri, Tara; DeFalco, Beth (May 7, 2013). "Christie reveals secret stomach surgery to lose weight". New York Post. Retrieved May 7, 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ Henderson, Nia-Malika (January 2, 2013). "Christie, Republicans slam Boehner for delay on Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
relief measure". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 23, 2013.  ^ Muskal, Michael (January 18, 2013). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
rips NRA's anti-Obama ad; Rand Paul
Rand Paul
rips Christie". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 23, 2013.  ^ Frumin, Aliyah (March 14, 2013). "CPAC Chair: Chris Christie
Chris Christie
'didn't deserve' to be here". MSNBC. Retrieved July 27, 2013.  ^ Colvin, Jill (January 25, 2015). "New Jersey's Christie launches political action committee". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved January 25, 2015.  ^ Miller, Zeke J. (January 26, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Launches PAC in Preparation for 2016 Presidential Run". Time. Retrieved January 26, 2015.  ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Launches Campaign Website Three Days Before His Announcement". nationaljournal.com.  ^ Chris Christie. " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
for President". chrischristie.com.  ^ Desiderio, Adam (June 30, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Announces 2016 Presidential Campaign". ABC News. Retrieved June 30, 2015.  ^ Moody, Chris (June 30, 2015). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
launches 2016 presidential bid from New Jersey". CNN. Retrieved June 30, 2015.  ^ " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
drops out of Republican race for President". NPR. February 10, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.  ^ Macneal, Caitlin. "What Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Said About Donald Trump BEFORE The Endorsement". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved March 2, 2016.  ^ Haberman, Maggie (February 26, 2016). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Endorses Donald Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2016.  ^ Berman, Russell (May 9, 2016). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Will Start Planning the Trump Administration". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 9, 2016.  ^ Burns, Alexander (June 30, 2016). " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
Becomes Powerful Figure in Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved July 3, 2016.  ^ Press, The Associated. "Donald Trump's Vice President List Is Down to 3 Names". Fortune. Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ O'Donnell, Kelly (July 12, 2016). "Team Trump Plans Public Event Friday With VP Pick". NBC News. Retrieved July 12, 2016.  ^ Burns, Alexander; Haberman, Maggie; Kaplan, Thomas (July 15, 2016). " Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Selects Mike Pence, Indiana Governor, as Running Mate". The New York Times. Retrieved July 15, 2016.  ^ "Christie: Bridgegate's 'a factor' why I'm not Trump's VP". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ "Trump sticks by Christie amid new Bridgegate claim, report says". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ Marans, Daniel (October 11, 2016). "Chris Christie: Leaked Trump Comments Not 'Immaterial' In Deciding Whether To Vote For Him". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 18, 2016.  ^ a b David Smith (November 11, 2016), " Chris Christie
Chris Christie
dropped as head of Trump's White House transition team", The Guardian, retrieved November 12, 2016  ^ a b Michael D. Shear; Michael S. Schmidt; Maggie Habermann (November 11, 2016), "Vice President-Elect Pence to Take Over Trump Transition Effort", The New York Times, retrieved November 12, 2016  ^ Robert Costa; Philip Rucker; Elise Viebeck (November 11, 2016), "Pence replaces Christie as leader of Trump transition effort", The Washington Post, retrieved November 12, 2016  ^ Jennifer Jacobs (November 15, 2016), "Ex-Intelligence Chairman Rogers Leaves Trump Transition Team", Bloomberg Politics, retrieved November 15, 2016  ^ "Christie in contention for energy, homeland security secretary posts, source says". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ "Christie on possible Trump job: 'I'm completing my term'". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ "Christie turned down several jobs in Trump administration, sources say". Retrieved July 4, 2017.  ^ Jen Christensen, Christie will advise Trump panel on opioid addiction, CNN
CNN
(March 29, 2017). ^ Katelyn Newman, Opioid Commission Holds First Meeting, U.S. News & World Report (June 16, 2017). ^ http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/kellyanne-conway-chosen-to-lead-trumps-opioid-efforts/article/2642091 ^ "Source: Chris Christie
Chris Christie
to join ABC News
ABC News
as contributor". Politico. Retrieved January 30, 2018.  ^ http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory/jersey-gov-chris-christie-hired-abc-news-52700988

Further reading[edit]

Ingle, Bob and Symons, Michael. Chris Christie: The Inside Story of His Rise to Power. Macmillan, 2012. ISBN 1-250-00586-8. Manzo, Louis Michael. Ruthless Ambition: The Rise and Fall of Chris Christie. Trine Day, 2014. ISBN 1-937584-89-5. Matt Katz. American Governor: Chris Christie's Bridge to Redemption. Chris Christie
Chris Christie
(September 27, 2011). Real American Exceptionalism (Speech). Simi Valley, California. 

External links[edit]

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