HOME
The Info List - Cho Oyu


--- Advertisement ---



Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
(Nepali: चोयु; Tibetan: ཇོ་བོ་དབུ་ཡ) is the sixth highest mountain in the world at 8,188 metres (26,864 ft) above sea level. Cho Oyu means " Turquoise
Turquoise
Goddess"[citation needed] in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu
Khumbu
sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China- Nepal
Nepal
border. Just a few kilometres west of Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
is Nangpa La (5,716m/18,753 ft), a glaciated pass that serves as the main trading route between the Tibetans
Tibetans
and the Khumbu's Sherpas. This pass separates the Khumbu
Khumbu
and Rolwaling Himalayas. Due to its proximity to this pass and the generally moderate slopes of the standard northwest ridge route, Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
is considered the easiest 8,000 metre peak to climb.[2] It is a popular objective for professionally guided parties. Height[edit] Cho Oyu's height was originally measured at 26,750 feet (8,150 m) and at the time of the first ascent it was considered the seventh highest mountain on earth, after Dhaulagiri
Dhaulagiri
at 8,167 metres (26,795 ft) (Manaslu, now 8,156 metres (26,759 ft), was also estimated lower at 26,658 feet (8,125 m)).[3] A 1984 estimate of 8,201 metres (26,906 ft) made it move up to sixth place. New measurements made in 1996 by the Government of Nepal
Nepal
Survey Department and the Finnish Meteorological Institute
Finnish Meteorological Institute
in preparation for the Nepal Topographic Maps put the height at 8,188 m,[4] one remarkably similar to the 26,867 feet (8,189 m) used by Edmund Hillary
Edmund Hillary
in his 1955 book High Adventure.[5] Climbing history[edit] Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
was first attempted in 1952 by an expedition organised and financed by the Joint Himalayan Committee of Great Britain as preparation for an attempt on Mount Everest
Mount Everest
the following year. The expedition was led by Eric Shipton and included Edmund Hillary
Edmund Hillary
and Tom Bourdillon.[6] A foray by Hillary and George Lowe was stopped due to technical difficulties and avalanche danger at an ice cliff above 6,650 m (21,820 ft) and a report of Chinese troops a short distance across the border influenced Shipton to retreat from the mountain rather than continue to attempt to summit.[7] The mountain was first climbed on October 19, 1954, via the north-west ridge by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama of an Austrian expedition.[8] Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
was the fifth 8000 metre peak to be climbed, after Annapurna
Annapurna
in June 1950, Mount Everest
Mount Everest
in May 1953, Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
in July 1953 and K2 in July 1954. Until the ascent of Mount Everest
Mount Everest
by Reinhold Messner
Reinhold Messner
and Peter Habeler
Peter Habeler
in 1978, this was the highest peak climbed without supplemental oxygen.[9]

Viewing Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
via Tingri

In spring 2017, Kilian Jornet
Kilian Jornet
was the one person to summit Cho Oyu.[10] Timeline[edit]

1952 First reconnaissance of north-west face by Edmund Hillary
Edmund Hillary
and party.[8] 1954 First ascent
First ascent
by Austrians Joseph Jöchler and Herbert Tichy, and Pasang Dawa Lama (Nepal)[8] 1958 Second ascent of the peak, by an Indian expedition. Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama reached the peak for the second time. First death on Cho Oyu.[8] 1959 Four members killed in an avalanche during a failed international women's expedition.[8] 1964 Controversial third ascent by a German expedition as there is no proof of reaching the summit. Two mountaineers die of exhaustion in camp 4 at 7,600 m (24,930 ft).[8] 1978 Edi Koblmüller and Alois Furtner of Austria
Austria
summit via the extremely difficult southeast face.[8] 1983 Reinhold Messner
Reinhold Messner
succeeds on his fourth attempt,[8] with Hans Kammerlander and Michael Dacher. 1985 On February 12, Poles
Poles
Maciej Berbeka and Maciej Pawlikowski make the first winter ascent. It is the only winter ascent on eight-thousander made on a new route. Repeated three days later by Andrzej Heinrich
Andrzej Heinrich
and Jerzy Kukuczka. 1988 On November 2, a Slovenian expedition consisting of Iztok Tomazin, Roman Robas, Blaž Jereb, Rado Nadvešnik, Marko Prezelj, and Jože Rozman, reach the summit via the never before climbed north face. 1994 On May 13 Carlos Carsolio sets a world record speed ascent from base camp to summit, ascending in 18 hours and 45 minutes.[11] 1994 First solo ascent via the South West face by Yasushi Yamanoi.[12] 2004 Second summit by a double amputee (Mark Inglis)[13] 2007 Second Indian ascent. Expedition led by Abhilekh Singh Virdi.[14] 2009 Clifton Maloney, husband of US Representative Carolyn Maloney
Carolyn Maloney
and at that time the oldest American to summit an eight-thousander,[15] died at age 71 after summiting on 25 September. His final words were "I’m the happiest man in the world. I’ve just summited a beautiful mountain."[16] 2011 Dutch climber Ronald Naar
Ronald Naar
dies after becoming unwell at 8,000 m (26,250 ft).[17][18]

Viewing Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
via mountain flight

See also[edit]

Nangpa La
Nangpa La
shootings Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
8201m – Field Recordings from Tibet

References[edit]

Hillary, Edmund (1955). High Adventure. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 0-7475-6696-8. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 

Sources

^ " China
China
I: Tibet - Xizang". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2014-05-29.  ^ "Cho Oyu". Peakware.  ^ Tichy, Herbert (1957). Cho Oyu: by favour of the gods. Methuen. p. 195. Retrieved 2016-10-28.  ^ 2886 15 Pasan Lhamu Chuli map ^ Hillary, Edmund (1955). High Adventure. Oxford University Press. p. 49.  ^ Barnett, Shaun (7 December 2010). " Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
expedition team, 1952". The Dictionary of New Zealand Biography.  ^ Hillary, pp. 79-80 ^ a b c d e f g h Everest News.com. " Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
History". Retrieved 2008-04-12.  ^ Günter Seyfferth, Cho Oyu, 8201 m, Erkundung, Erstbesteigung, Erstbegehungen, Ereignisse (in German) ^ [1] ^ "Guest: Carlos Carsolio". Outside Online. 2000. Archived from the original on 13 August 2007. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ Griffin, Lindsay (11 Oct 2011). "Piolets d'Or Asia honours Urubko". The British Mountaineering Council. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ "Double amputee scales Mt Everest". BBC News. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ "Timeline Climbing Of Cho Oyu". blogspot.com. June 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ "Clifton Maloney, 71, died on one of highest peaks". thevillager.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 2017-11-08.  ^ "Rep. Carolyn Maloney's Husband Dies During Mountain Climb - Gothamist". 2009-10-01. Archived from the original on 2009-10-01. Retrieved 2017-11-08.  ^ "Dutch Climber Ronald Naar
Ronald Naar
dies on Cho Oyu". The Outside Blog Dispatches. Outside Online. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-15.  ^ "Dutch mountaineer Ronald Naar
Ronald Naar
dies during China
China
climb". DutchNews.nl. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 

Literature[edit]

Herbert Tichy, Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
- Gnade der Götter, (Vienna: Ullstein 1955)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cho Oyu.

Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
page on Summitpost.org Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
page on Himalaya-Info.org (German) Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
on Peakware Ascents and fatalities statistics Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu
from Kyrgyzstan

v t e

Eight-thousanders

Everest

South Summit

K2 Kangchenjunga Lhotse

Lhotse
Lhotse
Middle Lhotse
Lhotse
Shar

Makalu Cho Oyu Dhaulagiri Manaslu Nanga Parbat Annapurna
Annapurna
I

Annapurna
Annapurna
I East Annapurna
Annapurna
I Middle Peak

Gasherbrum I Broad Peak Gasherbrum II Shishapangma

List of ski descents List of climbers List of deaths

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235045

.