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Chiayi, officially known as Chiayi
Chiayi
City (Chinese: 嘉義市; pinyin: Jiāyì Shì; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ka-gī-chhī) and sometimes as Chia-I, is a provincial city located in the plains of southwestern Taiwan. Formerly called Kagee during the late Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
and Kagi during the Japanese era (Chinese and Japanese: 嘉義), its historical name is Tirosen.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Dutch Formosa 1.2 Kingdom of Tungning 1.3 Qing Dynasty 1.4 Empire of Japan 1.5 Republic of China

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Government

3.1 Administrative divisions 3.2 Politics

4 Demographics 5 Education 6 Energy

6.1 Green energy

7 Tourist attractions 8 Notable residents/natives 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — sister cities

10 Transportation

10.1 Rail 10.2 Bus 10.3 Air

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] First inhabited by the Hoanya
Hoanya
aborigines, the region was named Tirosen (variants Tirocen, Tiracen). With the arrival of Han Chinese immigrants in southwestern Taiwan, the name evolved to become Tsulosan (Chinese: 諸羅山; pinyin: Zhūluóshān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chu-lô-san) in Hokkien. Eventually, Tsulosan was shortened to simply Tsulo. Because of the choice of the characters, it has been mistakenly suggested that the origin of the name came from the expression "mountains surrounding the east". "Peach City" is another name for Chiayi
Chiayi
City due to its peach-shaped territory in ancient times. The tip of the peach is around Central Fountain and was called "Peach-tip" by citizens. Tsulosan was once the foothold to which people from the mainland immigrated. In 1621, Chinese Peter (zh), who came from Zhangzhou, Fujian
Fujian
Province, first led his people to cultivate this land after they landed at Ponkan (modern-day Beigang). Dutch Formosa[edit] Records from the Dutch era show Tirosen as the usual form of the name; it also occurred as Tirassen, Tirozen, Tilocen, Tilossen, Tilocen, and Thilocen.[4] The place was north of Mattau (modern-day Madou, Tainan) and south of Favorlang (Huwei, Yunlin). Kingdom of Tungning[edit] In 1661 (the 15th year of Yung-Li, Ming dynasty), Koxinga
Koxinga
defeated the Dutch based in Taiwan
Taiwan
and founded the Kingdom of Tungning. He established one province, Cheng-Tien-Fu (zh), and two counties, Tien-Hsing (zh) and Wan-Nien (zh), demarcated by the Hsin-Kang River (Chinese: 新港溪, now the Yanshui River). Chiayi was under the jurisdiction of the Tien-Hsing County. Qing Dynasty[edit] In 1683, when Qing rule began, the island was governed as Taiwan Prefecture under the administration of Fujian
Fujian
Province. In 1684, Tsulo County was established and initially encompassed the underdeveloped northern two-thirds of Taiwan. ( Taiwan
Taiwan
and Hongsoa counties were divided from Wan-Nien County during the Kingdom of Tungning, which was changed from Tien-Hsing County.) In 1704, the county seat was moved to Tsulosan, the site of modern-day Chiayi
Chiayi
City, and had wooden city walls. In 1727, the county magistrate, Liu Liang-Bi rebuilt the gatehouses and set a gun platform for each gatehouse. The four gatehouses were named: "Chin Shan" (襟山) for East, "Tai Hai" (帶海) for West, "Chung Yang" (崇陽) for South, and "Kung Chen" (拱辰) for North. In 1734 (the 12th year of Yongzheng), magistrate Lu-Hung built piercing-bamboo to better protect the city. In 1786, the Lin Shuangwen rebellion
Lin Shuangwen rebellion
was an attempt to siege Tsulosan but failed to overcome the defense of the inhabitants. Consequently, on November 3 of the next year, the Qing Emperor conferred the name Kagee (嘉義; literally: "commended righteousness") to praise the citizens' loyalty. In 1887, a separate Taiwan
Taiwan
Province was declared and the island was administratively divided into four prefectures; the city of Kagee belonged to Tainan
Tainan
Prefecture. Empire of Japan[edit]

Chiayi
Chiayi
City under Japanese rule

In 1895, Taiwan
Taiwan
was ceded to Japan
Japan
in the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The 1906 Meishan earthquake
1906 Meishan earthquake
devastated the entire city wall except the Eastern Gate. The Japanese authorities reconstructed the city. Industries and trades started to flourish. According to the census taken in 1904, Kagi was the fourth most populous city in Taiwan, with a population of over twenty thousand.[5] In 1907, the construction of Alishan Forest Railway
Alishan Forest Railway
to Mount Ali was begun. In 1920, the city became an autonomous group as Kagi Town (嘉義街), Kagi District, within Tainan
Tainan
Prefecture, which included modern-day Tainan
Tainan
City, Chiayi County
Chiayi County
and Yunlin County. In 1930, the town was upgraded to an autonomous city under the same prefecture. Republic of China[edit]

Chiayi
Chiayi
City in 1946-1950

In 1945, when Japan
Japan
relinquished control of Taiwan
Taiwan
on 25 October 1945, Chiayi
Chiayi
City was established as a provincial city of Taiwan
Taiwan
Province. On 16 August 1950, because of the re-allocation of administrative areas in which Taiwan
Taiwan
was divided into 16 counties, five provincial cities and a special bureau, Chiayi
Chiayi
City was downgraded to a county-controlled city and merged with Chiayi County
Chiayi County
to be the county seat. As a result, a shortage of capital hindered its development. On 1 July 1982, Chiayi
Chiayi
City was elevated again to a provincial city as a result of pressure from local elites. On 6 October 1990, the East District and West District were established.[6] Geography[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City is located on the north side of Chianan Plain, south west of Taiwan
Taiwan
Island. On the east side is the Mount Ali, on the west side is the Chiayi
Chiayi
Airport, on the north side is the Puzi River
Puzi River
and on the south side is the Bazhang River. The distance from east to west of Chiayi
Chiayi
City is 15.8 km and from north to south is 10.5 km with a total area of 60.0256 km2. Chiayi
Chiayi
City is completely surrounded by Chiayi
Chiayi
County. Most of Chiayi
Chiayi
City land are broad flat fertility plains. The terrain slowly rises from west to east. Climate[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City has a warm, monsoon-influenced Tropical savanna climate (Köppen Cwa). Northeasterly winds during fall and winter mean that rainfall is depressed during that time, while southwesterly winds during summer and the later portion of spring bring most of the year's rainfall, with more than 60% falling from June to August. Humidity is high year-round, even during winter.

Climate data for Chiayi
Chiayi
(1971–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 22.9 (73.2) 23.4 (74.1) 24.8 (76.6) 27.8 (82) 30.5 (86.9) 32.3 (90.1) 33.1 (91.6) 32.6 (90.7) 31.6 (88.9) 29.8 (85.6) 27.1 (80.8) 23.9 (75) 28.32 (82.96)

Daily mean °C (°F) 16.5 (61.7) 17.3 (63.1) 19.7 (67.5) 23.0 (73.4) 25.8 (78.4) 27.8 (82) 28.6 (83.5) 28.2 (82.8) 27.0 (80.6) 24.5 (76.1) 21.3 (70.3) 17.7 (63.9) 23.12 (73.61)

Average low °C (°F) 12.5 (54.5) 13.8 (56.8) 15.9 (60.6) 19.2 (66.6) 22.1 (71.8) 24.3 (75.7) 25.2 (77.4) 24.9 (76.8) 23.7 (74.7) 20.9 (69.6) 17.3 (63.1) 13.2 (55.8) 19.42 (66.95)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 27.6 (1.087) 57.7 (2.272) 62.2 (2.449) 107.6 (4.236) 189.2 (7.449) 350.7 (13.807) 304.3 (11.98) 422.1 (16.618) 148.9 (5.862) 22.7 (0.894) 12.2 (0.48) 20.9 (0.823) 1,726.1 (67.957)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.4 7.0 7.4 8.4 11.1 14.4 14.9 18.1 9.8 3.6 3.0 3.7 106.8

Average relative humidity (%) 81.8 83.1 83.7 84.1 84.5 82.0 80.4 83.6 84.7 84.1 81.4 80.3 82.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 153.2 121.8 143.0 150.3 156.8 176.9 208.6 184.1 186.9 174.0 151.7 158.7 1,966

Source: [7]

Government[edit]

Twu Shiing-jer, the incumbent Mayor of Chiayi
Chiayi
City.

Chiayi
Chiayi
City Government

Chiayi
Chiayi
City is a provincial city of Taiwan
Taiwan
Province of the Republic of China. The city is governed by the Chiayi
Chiayi
City Government, while the residence is represented in the Chiayi
Chiayi
City Council. The current Mayor of Chiayi
Chiayi
City is Twu Shiing-jer
Twu Shiing-jer
of the Democratic Progressive Party. Administrative divisions[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City is divided into two districts. East District is the city seat which houses the Chiayi
Chiayi
City Government.

District

Population Land area

as of 2016 km²

■ East 東區 122,877 29.1195

■ West 西區 147,396 30.9061

Politics[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City voted one Democratic Progressive Party
Democratic Progressive Party
legislator to be in the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
during the 2016 Republic of China
Republic of China
legislative election.[8] Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1985 253,573 —    

1990 257,597 +1.6%

1995 261,391 +1.5%

2000 266,183 +1.8%

2005 272,364 +2.3%

2010 272,390 +0.0%

2015 270,366 −0.7%

Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census. 

Education[edit]

National Chiayi
Chiayi
University

National Chiayi
Chiayi
University Tatung Institute of Commerce and Technology Chung Jen College of Nursing, Health Science and Management

Energy[edit] Green energy[edit] On 17 December, Chiayi City Government
Chiayi City Government
launched a program to set up solar panels at schools and offices in the city to reduce green house gases. The program is expected to produce 3.55 million kWh of electricity annually and to help reducing carbon emission by 1,700 tonnes.[9] Tourist attractions[edit]

Chiayi
Chiayi
Prison Museum

The spotted deer sculpture in the 228 National Memorial Park.

Art Site of Chiayi
Chiayi
Railway Warehouse Chia-Le-Fu Night Market Chiayi
Chiayi
Botanical Garden Chiayi
Chiayi
City Municipal Baseball Stadium Chiayi
Chiayi
Cultural and Creative Industries Park Chiayi
Chiayi
Jen Wu Temple Chiayi
Chiayi
Municipal Museum Chiayi
Chiayi
Park

Chiayi
Chiayi
Confucian Temple Kagi Shrine Sun-Shooting Tower

Chiayi
Chiayi
Prison Museum Hinoki Village Lantan Lake St. John's Cathedral Taiwan
Taiwan
Hinoki Museum Water Source Water Meter Room Wenhua Road Night Market Historic Archives Building of Chiayi
Chiayi
City (史蹟資料館) 228 Memorial Park National 228 Memorial Park Chung Cheng Park[10] Alishan Forest Railway
Alishan Forest Railway
& Railway Park Chiayi
Chiayi
International Band Festival

Chiayi
Chiayi
is the city of wind music in Taiwan. The wind music festival started as a local event in 1988, when it was more like a joint performance by local wind music bands. Over the years the festival has become the most anticipated annual event in Chiayi.[11] Notable residents/natives[edit]

Tan Ting-pho
Tan Ting-pho
(1895-1947), Taiwan
Taiwan
famous painter. Sow-Hsin Chen
Sow-Hsin Chen
(1935), American physicist, Professor. Vincent Siew
Vincent Siew
(1939), Taiwanese politician, Vice President of the Republic of China
Republic of China
(2008 – 2012), Vice-Chairman of the Kuomintang. Deng Feng-Zhou
Deng Feng-Zhou
(1949), Taiwanese poet, Local history writer, Nedan academics. Huang Min-hui
Huang Min-hui
(1959), former mayor of Chiayi
Chiayi
City, vice chairperson of Kuomintang, a member of the Legislative Yuan
Legislative Yuan
(1999 and 2005). Lo Chen-Jung (1961), Taiwanese left-handed baseball pitcher. Wu Bai
Wu Bai
(1968), Taiwanese rock singer.

International relations[edit] Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Taiwan Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
is twinned with:

East Orange, New Jersey, United States
United States
(1972) Jackson, Mississippi, United States
United States
(1972) Juneau, Alaska, United States
United States
(1977) Murray, Utah, United States
United States
(1977) Bulacan
Bulacan
Province, Philippines
Philippines
(1980) Martinsburg, West Virginia, United States
United States
(1988) Syracuse, New York, United States
United States
(1995) Hsinchu
Hsinchu
City, Republic of China
Republic of China
(2002)

Transportation[edit]

Chiayi
Chiayi
Station

Rail[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City is accessible from Chiayi Station
Chiayi Station
and Jiabei Station
Jiabei Station
of the Taiwan
Taiwan
Railways Administration or a slightly further THSR Chiayi Station in Chiayi
Chiayi
County. It also houses the first station for the Alishan Forest Railway. Bus[edit] The Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit
Chiayi Bus Rapid Transit
serves Chiayi
Chiayi
City with the neighboring Chiayi
Chiayi
County, and Chiayi City Bus
Chiayi City Bus
serves the urban areas of Chiayi City. Air[edit] Chiayi
Chiayi
City is served by Chiayi Airport
Chiayi Airport
located in the neighboring Chiayi
Chiayi
County. See also[edit]

List of mayors of Chiayi

References[edit]

^ http://www.chiayi.gov.tw/2011web/en/index.aspx?mid=91&rid=90 ^ "《中華民國統計資訊網》縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網" (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 July 2016.  ^ "嘉義市105年6月份人口統計資料". 嘉義市政府 (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 July 2016.  ^ Campbell, William (1903). "Explanatory Notes". Formosa under the Dutch: described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London: Kegan Paul. p. 549. OCLC 644323041.  ^ Takekoshi, Yosaburō (1907). "Chapter XIII: Population and future development of the island resources". Japanese rule in Formosa. London, New York, Bombay and Calcutta: Longmans, Green, and co. p. 200. OCLC 753129. OL 6986981M.  ^ http://www.chiayi.gov.tw/web/east/english/index-e.asp ^ "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau.  ^ http://vote2016.cec.gov.tw/en/T1/n714010000000000.html ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/asoc/201512170020.aspx ^ http://travel.chiayi.gov.tw/EN/spotsContent.aspx?id=2&chk=7cb53cb1-2ca0-4bbc-bc8d-dd57671a09d4 ^ "The sound of wind music: 2008 Chiayi
Chiayi
City International Band Festival"by Eva Tang, 17 January 2009, Taiwan
Taiwan
Culture Portal. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutChiayiat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Learning resources from Wikiversity

Chiayi
Chiayi
City/County tourism official website Chiayi
Chiayi
City government official website (in Chinese) [1] Chiayi
Chiayi
City Police Bureau official website Chiayi
Chiayi
travel guide from Wikivoyage National Chung Cheng University
National Chung Cheng University
official website

v t e

Cities in Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

County-controlled cities

Changhua Douliu Hualien Magong Miaoli Nantou Pingtung PuziA Taibao Taitung ToufenA Yilan YuanlinA Zhubei

County and province seats

Jincheng Nangan Zhongxing

Note: A: not the county seat.

v t e

Metropolitan areas in Taiwan

Taipei– Keelung
Keelung
(incl. New Taipei) metro area Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
metro area Taichung– Changhua
Changhua
metro area Taoyuan–Zhongli metro area Tainan
Tainan
metro area Hsinchu
Hsinchu
metro area Chiayi
Chiayi
metro area

v t e

Districts of Chiayi

City seat: East

Districts

East West

Defunct

Tungmen Hsimen Peimen Nanmen Pachiang Chuwei Peichen Tungshan Hsintung Hsinhsi Hsinpei Hsinnan Taipao Shuishang

Note: Hanyu Pinyin
Hanyu Pinyin
is the national standard now, but the defunct districts are named by Wade–Giles system when they got rescinded.

v t e

Administrative divisions of Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities (6)

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities (3)

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

Counties (13)

Changhua Chiayi Hsinchu Hualien Kinmen Lienchiang Miaoli Nantou Penghu Pingtung Taitung Yilan Yunlin

Free area of the Republic of China Streamlined Provinces

Taiwan Fujian

List of administrative divisions of Taiwan

Coordinates: 23°28′48″N 120°26′59″E / 23.48000°N 120.44972°E / 2

.