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CHEYNE WALK is a historic road, in Chelsea, London
Chelsea, London
, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea . It runs parallel with the River Thames . Before the construction of the Chelsea Embankment reduced the width of the river, it fronted the river along its whole length.

CONTENTS

* 1 Location * 2 History * 3 Notable residents * 4 Fictional residents * 5 See also * 6 References and sources * 7 External links

LOCATION

At its western end, Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
meets Cremorne Road end-on at the junction with Lots Road. The Walk runs alongside the River Thames until Battersea Bridge
Battersea Bridge
where, for a short distance, it is replaced by Chelsea Embankment with part of its former alignment being occupied by Ropers Gardens. East of Old Church Street and Chelsea Old Church , the Walk runs along the north side of Albert Bridge Gardens and Chelsea Embankment Gardens parallel with Chelsea Embankment. At the north end of Albert Bridge , the Walk merges with Chelsea Embankment. The Walk ends at Royal Hospital Road . Before (1866) After (1895) Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
before and after construction of Chelsea Embankment

At the western end between Cremorne Road and Battersea Bridge
Battersea Bridge
is a collection of residential houseboats that have been in situ since the 1930s. At the eastern end is the Chelsea Physic Garden
Chelsea Physic Garden
with its cedars. It marks the boundary of the, now withdrawn, extended London Congestion Charge Zone . The section west of Battersea Bridge
Battersea Bridge
forms part of the A3220 road .

HISTORY

Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
takes its name from William Cheyne, Viscount Newhaven who owned the manor of Chelsea until 1712. Most of the houses were built in the early 18th century. Before the construction in the 19th century of the busy Chelsea Embankment, which now runs in front of it, the houses fronted the River Thames. The most prominent building is Carlyle Mansions . Chelsea Old Church dates from 1157 and Crosby Hall is a reconstructed medieval merchant's house relocated from the City of London in 1910.

In 1951, the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea
Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea
planned to construct a new river wall straightening the river bank west of Battersea Bridge. On the reclaimed land behind the wall a new arterial road and public gardens was to be constructed. Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
was to remain unchanged to the north of the new public gardens. The works would have reduced the foreshore and required the removal of the house boat births. The works did not take place. In the 1960s, plans for the Greater London Council 's London Motorway Box project would have seen the West Cross Route , a motorway standard elevated road, constructed from Battersea to Harlesden
Harlesden
through Earl\'s Court . A spur road would have been constructed from the motorway to the junction of Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
and Lots Road. The plans were abandoned because of the cost and opposition from local communities.

In 1972, number 96 Cheyne Walk, the then home of Philip Woodfield , a British civil servant, was the site of a top secret meeting between the British government and the leadership of the Provisional IRA aimed at ending the violence in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
. The talks were inconclusive and the violence soon started again.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

Many famous people have lived (and continue to live) in the Walk: 4 Cheyne Walk, shown here in 1881, was briefly the home of George Eliot 4 "> 1 5 Cheyne Walk 16 Cheyne Walk, home to Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti

* Sir John Scott Lillie , JP, decorated Peninsular War veteran, Deputy Lieutenant of Middlesex
Middlesex
, inventor and political activist lived at no. 12, (previously, no. 13) Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
and added a floor to it. The building was demolished in 1887, but elements from it were later used in the reconstruction of 1, Cheyne Walk. * John Barrymore American actor,lived for a short time at No.2,on the corner with Flood Street. * Admiral William Henry Smyth
William Henry Smyth
, and later Keith Richards , lived at number 3, which in 1945 became a National Trust property housing the Benton Fletcher collection of keyboard instruments.

* George Eliot
George Eliot
spent the last three weeks of her life at number 4 .

* William Sandys Wright Vaux , antiquarian * William Dyce
William Dyce
, Scottish painter and arts tutor * Daniel Maclise
Daniel Maclise
, painter * Michael Bloomberg
Michael Bloomberg
, the former mayor of New York City, acquired number 4 in 2015.

* Vera Brittain
Vera Brittain
, novelist and pacifist, and her husband, George Catlin , lived at number 2 before and during the Second World War.

* The miser John Camden Neild lived at number 5 .

* Also Howard Frank , English estate agent and co-founder of the Knight Frank estate agent chain.

* Sir Arthur Sullivan
Arthur Sullivan
English composer, attended a boarding school at number 6,in 1854.

* David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George
lived at number 10.

* Also Archibald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso British Liberal politician, Secretary of State for War during World War II
World War II
* Gerald Scarfe now lives there. * The house has a plaque to commemorate Margaret Damer Dawson who was an early head of the women's Police service.

* Sir George Scott Robertson , Colonial Administrator and traveller in Afghanistan,lived at number11

* and also Sir Colin Scott-Moncrieff ,British civil engineer,most notably in colonial Egypt

* Ralph Vaughan Williams lived at number 13 from 1905 to 1928. There he wrote works including his first three symphonies, the Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis , The Lark Ascending , and Hugh the Drover . * Bertrand Russell lived at number 14 in 1902

* The landscape painter Cecil Gordon Lawson
Cecil Gordon Lawson
lived at number 15 (a number of his works still hang there) …

* as did the engraver Henry Thomas Ryall ; * also Sir John Balchen ,18th century Admiral in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
* the Allason family, well known for their political and literary influence; * and the Baron and Baroness Courtney of Penwith .

* Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
lived at number 16 (where he was banned from keeping peacocks due to the noise) from 1862 to 1882 …

* and so did Algernon Charles Swinburne
Algernon Charles Swinburne
. * also Hall Caine , novelist, as carer for his friend Rossetti * also Florence Kate Upton .English illustrator, creator of the Golliwog character * also John Paul Getty II lived here from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.

* Thomas Attwood (composer) (1765–1838) lived at No 17 for some years up to his death in 1838. He was organist at St Paul\'s Cathedral from 1796, and of the Chapel Royal from 1836. He was a pupil of Mozart. Thomas Attwood is buried in the crypt of St Paul's underneath the organ. * Number 18 was renowned for being the home of the curious museum (knackatory) and tavern known as Don Saltero\'s Coffee House . The proprietor was James Salter, who was for many years the servant of Sir Hans Sloane. * Sir Hans Sloane ’s manor house, demolished in 1760, stood at numbers 19–26. * No 19 was site of the horrific 1973 killing of elderly widow Isabella Griffith,by the serial killer Patrick Mackay .

* James Abbott McNeill Whistler
James Abbott McNeill Whistler
lived at numbers 21 (1890–92), 72 (? to his death there in 1903), 96 (1866–78) and 101 (1863) at different times.

* Also Edward Arthur Walton lived here.

* Bram Stoker Irish theatre manager and novelist, author of Dracula , lived at No.27 * Architect C. R. Ashbee lived at number 37 until 1917. He also designed 38 and 39. * Nicolaus Ludwig , Imperial Count von Zinzendorf
Zinzendorf
und Pottendorf, and the Brethren of the Moravian Church
Moravian Church
renovated Lindsey House at numbers 99–100 in Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
in the mid-18th century; it was for a number of years the headquarters of their worldwide missionary activity. Moravian Close nearby is still the London God\'s Acre , where many famous Moravians are buried. * James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
lived at number 41 while lecturing at King's College London in the early 1860s. He used the iron railings outside his home in two experiments on electro-magnetic fields, much to the dismay of friends and foreigners. * Mortimer Menpes , the watercolourist and etcher, shared a flat with Whistler . * Guy Liddell , British Intelligence officer, lived in a flat in the present Shrewsbury House, No.42 Cheyne Walk. * Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
and Marianne Faithfull
Marianne Faithfull
lived at number 48 in 1968. * Charles Edward Mudie
Charles Edward Mudie
, English publisher and founder of Mudie's Lending Library, was born 1818 in Cheyne Walk; where his father owned a Circulating library, stationery and book binding business at No. 89. * Artist Charles Conder
Charles Conder
lived at 91 Cheyne Walk, 1904–1906

* The chemist Charles Hatchett , the poet William Bell Scott
William Bell Scott
, and the anatomist John Marshall lived at Belle Vue House , number 92.

* Also novelist Ken Follett
Ken Follett
and his wife, the politician Barbara Follett (politician) * Also Patrick Wall , Conservative MP

* Elizabeth Gaskell
Elizabeth Gaskell
was born at number 93. * Diana Mitford lived at number 96 with her first husband Bryan Guinness in 1932.

* Sir Marc Brunel , who designed the Thames Tunnel
Thames Tunnel
, lived at number 98 …

* as did his son Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
.

* Hugh Lane , art dealer, collector and founder of the Municipal Gallery of Modern Art lived at number 100 ( Lindsey House ) from 1909 until his death on the RMS Lusitania in 1915. * Roman Abramovich . Russian multi-millionaire,owner of Chelsea F.C owns number101 * John Sainsbury , multimillionaire part Sainsbury founder, lived at number 103 * Hilaire Belloc
Hilaire Belloc
lived at number 104, as did the artist Walter Greaves * John Tweed
John Tweed
, sculptor and friend of Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
, lived at number 108. * Sir Philip Steer
Philip Steer
lived at number 109.

* J. M. W. Turner
J. M. W. Turner
died at number 119 in 1851.

* Rolling Stones
Rolling Stones
musician Ronnie Wood also lived here.

* Sylvia Pankhurst
Sylvia Pankhurst
lived at number 120 after leaving university.

* Peter Warlock , English composer,lived at number 122,in 1921

* Also Timothy Whidborne , English portrait painter * George Melly . Jazz musician,lived in a flat sublet by Whidborne

* Carlyle Mansions

* Richard Addinsell , English composer,lived in flat 1. * Gordon Harker , English actor,lived in flat 11. * Edward Robey , lawyer in the Acid Bath Murders case of the serial killer John George Haigh , livedin flat 11. * T. S. Eliot
T. S. Eliot
, American poet and writer, lived in flat 19. * Shapur Kharegat , journalist, editor and former Asia Director of The Economist
The Economist
lived at flat 17. * John Davy Hayward .Theatre & literary critic, lived in flat 19. * Henry James
Henry James
spent his last years -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ "OS Maps Online". Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
. Retrieved 7 October 2017. * ^ "The Gentleman\'s Magazine". google.com. * ^ "What is to Happen to Chelsea\'s Famous Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
River Front". Illustrated London News
Illustrated London News
(5855): 23. 7 July 1951. Retrieved 8 October 2017. * ^ " Ringway 1 West Cross Route". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 8 October 2017. * ^ "Cheyne Walk: No. 1 British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 6 July 2017. * ^ Thomas Burrows, Former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg
Michael Bloomberg
buys £17m seven-bed Thames-side mansion once owned by \'George Eliot\', The Daily Mail, 27 July 2015 * ^ "Did Haig have a London residence - Other Great War Chat - Great War Forum". 1914-1918.invisionzone.com. Retrieved 6 July 2017. * ^ A B C "Chelsea Walk - Cheyne Walk
Cheyne Walk
1-30". Rbkc.gov.uk. 18 May 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2017. * ^ Damer Dawson\'s plaque Archived 25 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine ., LondonRemembers.com, retrieved 20 July 2014 * ^ Frege, Gottlob. 1980. Philosophical and Mathematical Correspondence. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 147–155. ISBN 0 631 19620 X * ^ Pamela Todd, Pre-Raphaelites at Home, Watson-Giptill Publications, ISBN 0-8230-4285-5 * ^ Obituary, The Independent
The Independent
, 14 June 2001 * ^ "No. 72, Cheyne Walk". british-history.ac.uk. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2010. * ^ Gere, Charlotte, & Michael Whiteway. (1993) Nineteenth-century Design: From Pugin to Mackintosh. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 253. ISBN 0297830686 * ^ Faithfull, Marianne (1995). Faithfull. Penguin. p. 223. ISBN 0-14-024653-3 . * ^ London and Country Directory, 1811 * ^ Article titled "Mudie's" in the 'London Echo' * ^ "Charles Conder" by Ann Galbally and Barry Pearce, Art Gallery of NSW., 2003, p.200, ISBN 978-0-7347-6343-3 * ^ Godfrey, Walter Hindes (1913). "Belle Vue House, No. 92, Cheyne Walk". Survey of London , vol. 4: Chelsea, pt II. British History Online . pp. 31–32. Retrieved 18 April 2012. * ^ "Diana Mosley". google.com. * ^ O'Byrne, Robert Hugh Lane 1875–1915. Lilliput Press, 2000, p. 118. * ^ Riley-Smith, Ben (30 September 2014). " Sol Campbell attacks Labour\'s mansion tax in scathing series of tweets". Daily Telegraph
Daily Telegraph
. Retrieved 1 October 2014.

Sources

* Stourton, James (2012). Great Houses of London (Hardback). London: Frances Lincoln. ISBN 978-0-7112-3366-9 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

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