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Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
(Russian: Челя́бинск, IPA: [tɕɪˈlʲæbʲɪnsk] ( listen)) is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Oblast, Russia, located in the northeast of the oblast, 210 kilometers (130 mi) south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River, on the border of Europe and Asia.[10][11][12] Population: 1,130,132 (2010 Census);[3] 1,077,174 (2002 Census);[13] 1,141,777 (1989 Census).[14]

Contents

1 History

1.1 2013 meteor

2 Administrative and municipal status 3 Geography and сlimate 4 Cityscape

4.1 Architecture 4.2 Parks and gardens

5 Education 6 Economy

6.1 Transportation

7 Sports 8 Culture 9 Notable people

9.1 Ice hockey players

10 Twin towns and sister cities

10.1 Diplomatic and consular missions and visa centers

11 See also 12 References

12.1 Notes 12.2 Sources

13 External links

History[edit] The fortress of Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was founded at the location of the Bashkir village of Chelyaby (Bashkir: Силәбе, Siläbe) by colonel Alexey (Kutlu-Muhammed) Tevkelev in 1736[7] to protect the surrounding trade routes from possible attacks by Bashkir outlaws. During Pugachev's Rebellion, the fortress withstood a siege by the rebel forces in 1774, but was eventually captured for several months in 1775. In 1782, as a part of Ufa Viceroyalty that was later reformed into Orenburg Governorate, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
became a seat of a its own uyezd and finally was granted town status and its current name in 1787.

Tea-packing factory Kuznetsov (1898)

Trading house negotiant Valeyev (1911)

Until the late 19th century, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
was a small provincial town. In 1892, the Samara- Zlatoust
Zlatoust
Railway was completed which connected it with Moscow
Moscow
and the rest of European Russia. Also in 1892, construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway
Trans-Siberian Railway
from Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
started and in 1896 the city was linked to Ekaterinburg. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
became the hub for relocation to Siberia. For fifteen years more than fifteen million people - a tenth of Russia
Russia
- passed through Chelyabinsk. Some of them remained in Chelyabinsk, which contributed to its rapid growth. In addition, in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
was organized custom office set "customs fracture" the bounding duty-free grain and tea to the European part of the country that led to the emergence in mills and set the tea-packing factory. Soon Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
started turning into a major trade center, its population reached 20,000 inhabitants by 1897, 45,000 by 1913, and 70,000 by 1917. For rapid growth at the turn of the 20th century, similar to American cities, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
called "Behind the Urals
Urals
Chicago".[15] During the first Five-Year Plans of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
experienced rapid industrial growth. Several establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
and the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk. Facilities for the production of T-34
T-34
tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk. During World War II, it produced 18,000 tanks, and 48,500 tank diesel engines as well as over 17 million units of ammunition. In the press of the time Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
was informally called "Tankograd" or "Tank City". The S.M. Kirov Factory no. 185 moved here from Leningrad to produce heavy tanks; it was transferred to Omsk
Omsk
after 1962. 2013 meteor[edit] Main article: Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
meteor Shortly after dawn on February 15, 2013, a superbolide meteor descended at over 55,000 kilometers per hour (34,000 mph) over the Ural Mountains, exploding at an altitude of 25–30 kilometers (16–19 mi).[16][dubious – discuss] In a momentary flash as bright as the sun and generating a shock wave that injured over a thousand people. Fragments fell in and around Chelyabinsk. Interior Ministry spokesman Vadim Kolesnikov said 1,100 people had called for medical assistance following the incident, mostly for treatment of injuries from glass broken by the explosions. One woman suffered a broken spine.[17] Kolesnikov also said about 600 square meters (6,000 sq ft) of a roof at a zinc factory had collapsed. A spokeswoman for the Emergency Ministry told the Associated Press
Associated Press
that there was a meteor shower; however, another ministry spokeswoman was quoted by the Interfax
Interfax
news agency as saying it was a single meteor.[18][19][20] The size has been estimated at 17 meters (56 ft) diameter with a mass of 10,000[21][22] or 11,000[23] metric tons. The power of the explosion was about 500 kilotons of TNT
TNT
(about 1.8 PJ), which is 20–30 times more energy than was released from the atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima. Luckily, thanks to the high altitude of the explosion the city managed to avoid large casualties and destruction. Administrative and municipal status[edit]

The building of the Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Oblast

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is the administrative center of the oblast.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Chelyabinsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Chelyabinsk is incorporated as Chelyabinsky Urban Okrug.[1] In June 2014, Chelyabinsk's seven city districts were granted municipal status.[24] Geography and сlimate[edit] Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is located east of the Ural Mountains, 199 km south of Yekaterinburg. Its elevation is 200–250 meters. The city is bisected by the river Miass
Miass
which is regarded as the border between the Urals
Urals
and Siberia. This is reflected in the geology of the place, with low granite hills of the Urals
Urals
on the western side and lower sedimentary rock of the West Siberian Plain
West Siberian Plain
on the eastern side. The "Leningrad bridge" connects the two sides, so it is called the "bridge of the Urals
Urals
to Siberia". Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
itself is therefore also known as "The Gateway to Siberia".[25] Like Rome, Constantinople, and Moscow, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is said to be located on seven hills.[26]

Climate data for Chelyabinsk

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 4.9 (40.8) 5.6 (42.1) 19.9 (67.8) 34.9 (94.8) 39.9 (103.8) 39.9 (103.8) 39.9 (103.8) 39.9 (103.8) 34.9 (94.8) 24.9 (76.8) 14.9 (58.8) 9.9 (49.8) 39.9 (103.8)

Average high °C (°F) −10.5 (13.1) −7.9 (17.8) 1.0 (33.8) 10.6 (51.1) 20.3 (68.5) 23.9 (75) 25.2 (77.4) 23.6 (74.5) 17.2 (63) 9.3 (48.7) −0.4 (31.3) −6.9 (19.6) 8.8 (47.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) −14.9 (5.2) −13.4 (7.9) −4.8 (23.4) 4.7 (40.5) 12.1 (53.8) 18.3 (64.9) 19.3 (66.7) 17.1 (62.8) 10.9 (51.6) 4.1 (39.4) −5.2 (22.6) −11.1 (12) 3.0 (37.4)

Average low °C (°F) −19.0 (−2.2) −18.9 (−2) −9.3 (15.3) −0.3 (31.5) 7.9 (46.2) 12.9 (55.2) 14.5 (58.1) 13.5 (56.3) 7.6 (45.7) 1.3 (34.3) −5.9 (21.4) −14.6 (5.7) −0.9 (30.4)

Record low °C (°F) −49.9 (−57.8) −44.9 (−48.8) −44.9 (−48.8) −29.9 (−21.8) −19.9 (−3.8) −4.9 (23.2) 0.1 (32.2) 0.1 (32.2) −9.9 (14.2) −24.9 (−12.8) −39.9 (−39.8) −44.9 (−48.8) −49.9 (−57.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 17 (0.67) 16 (0.63) 19 (0.75) 27 (1.06) 47 (1.85) 55 (2.17) 87 (3.43) 44 (1.73) 41 (1.61) 30 (1.18) 26 (1.02) 21 (0.83) 430 (16.93)

Average rainy days 0.1 0.3 4 10 15 19 17 16 16 10 6 1 114

Average snowy days 18 16 15 6 1 0.3 0 0 1 6 15 19 97

Average relative humidity (%) 85 77 76 66 61 64 69 71 73 73 82 83 73

Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[27]

Source #2: World Meteorological Organization
World Meteorological Organization
(precipitation days only)[28]

Cityscape[edit]

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
skyline with the river Miass
Miass
in the center.

Architecture[edit] The architecture of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
has been shaped through its history by the change of historical eras in the development of Russia. Before the revolution of 1917 the city was a trading centre, with numerous merchant buildings in the eclectic and modern styles with elements of Russian Revival architecture, some of which are preserved on Kirovka St., a street reserved for pedestrians.

Residential building on Revolution square (1938)

Industrialization
Industrialization
started in the late 1920s. The construction of large plants was accompanied by the construction of a brand new residential and public buildings in the constructivist style. Entire constructivist neighborhoods can be seen in the area of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
(CTZ, ChTZ).[29] In the late 1930s a new era began in the city, came associated with construction of monumental buildings in Stalinist style. The city center and central avenue are constructed in substantially this style.[30] The next 60 years saw intensive construction of housing tower blocks as the city's population rose to about one million; note on the map the large residential area calle "Severo-Zapad" (English: North-West).

Square Aloe pole (Scarlet field)

With the market reforms of the '90s the city began intensive construction of office buildings for business and major shopping malls in postmodern and high-tech styles. Parks and gardens[edit] Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
has 17 public parks. The largest of them is one of the best in Russia
Russia
- Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Central Park, named after Gagarin.[31] Its territory is saved in the urban forest, where, among pine trees and granite rocks there are several picturesque ex-quarries now flooded with water. Education[edit]

South Ural State University

There are over a dozen universities in Chelyabinsk. The oldest, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Agroengineering Academy, was founded in 1930. It was followed by the Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University in 1934. The main ones are South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State University, and Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Medical Academy. After World War II, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
became the main center of vocational education of the entire Ural region.[32] Economy[edit]

Chelyabinsk-City Office Center. Tallest building in Chelyabinsk.

Radisson Blu Hotel

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industry predominates, especially metallurgy and military machinery, notably the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Metallurgical Combinate (CMK, ChMK) belongs to the company "Mechel", Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
(CTZ, ChTZ), Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Electrode plant (CHEZ), Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Tube Rolling Plant (ChTPZ) included in the "Big Eight" pipe producers in Russia, produces large-diameter pipes for pipelines, and Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Forge-and-Press Plant (ChKPZ) manufacturer of parts for various machines. Chelyabinsk Zinc
Zinc
Plant, owned by the Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, produces about 2% of the world and over 60% of Russian zinc. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Mechanical Plant produces automotive and industrial cranes trademark "Chelyabinets". Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
road machinery plant name Kolyuschenko produces road construction machinery and dump trucks Terex.[33] Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Watch Factory "Molnija" produces pocket, souvenir watches and technical watches for aircraft and ships. In 1980, the clock "Molnija" were given as gifts to participants of the Moscow
Moscow
Olympics Games.[34] Agro-industrial company "Makfa", Russia's largest producer of pasta, one of the five largest world producers of pasta. "Unichel" shoe firm is the largest manufacturer of footwear in Russia. Agricultural firm "Ariant" - leader in the production of meat products in the Urals Federal District of Russia, produces alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. American multinational corporation Emerson buying up shares of local businesses "Metran" organized in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
engineering center, building a factory for the production of industrial devices and equipment.[35]

Sinegorye shopping mall

Tram and trolleybus in Chelyabinsk

In recent years, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
significant role in the economy of the early play services, banking and insurance activities, logistics centers, tourism. The city is the central offices of major regional banks as "Chelindbank" and "Chelyabinvestbank". There are several large shopping malls. The largest of them are Gorky (English: Hills) (2007), with an area of 55,000 meters2, and Rodnik (English:Spring) (2011), 135,000 meters2. At least two more are under construction: Almaz (English: Diamond) (2015), 220,000 meters2, and Cloud (2018), 350,000 meters2. Transportation[edit]

Chelyabinsk Airport
Chelyabinsk Airport
building

Planned metro network

Public transport of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is represented by a bus lines network (since 1925), tram (1932) and trolleybus (1942) systems, as well as private marshrutka (routed cab) services. The city has several taxi companies. In 2014 in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
began to run electric buses (hybrid trolleybus and electric car).[36] Beeline and Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
city electric transport in 2011 signed an agreement to provide passengers free internet. Currently Wi-Fi
Wi-Fi
is available in some public trams and trolleybuses in Chelyabinsk. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
started construction of a three-line subway network in 1992.[37] The city is served by the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Airport. Sports[edit]

Traktor Arena

Uralskaya Molniya, one of a few indoor speed skating arenas in Russia

Several sports clubs are active in the city:

Club Sport Founded Current League League Rank Stadium

Traktor Chelyabinsk Ice Hockey 1947 Kontinental Hockey League 1st Traktor Arena

Chelmet Chelyabinsk Ice Hockey 1948 Higher Hockey League 2nd Yunost Sports Palace

Belye Medvedi
Belye Medvedi
Chelyabinsk Ice Hockey 2009 Junior Hockey League Jr. 1st Traktor Arena

Mechel Chelyabinsk Ice Hockey 2011 Junior Hockey League Division B Jr. 2nd Mechel Ice Palace

FC Chelyabinsk Football 1977 Russian Second Division 3rd Central Stadium

Sintur Chelyabinsk Futsal 1997 Futsal
Futsal
Supreme League 2nd USURT Sports Complex

Metar Chelyabinsk Volleyball 1976 Women's Volleyball
Volleyball
Superleague 1st Metar-Sport Sports Palace

Torpedo Chelyabinsk Volleyball ? Men's Volleyball
Volleyball
Supreme League 2nd Metar-Sport Sports Palace

Dynamo Chelyabinsk Basketball ? Men's Basketball
Basketball
Superleague - B 3rd DPSh im.Krupskoy

In 2012, for the first time in Russia, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
hosted the European Judo Championship (Euro 2012). In 2014 the World Championship in Judo were held and in 2015 the European Speed Skating Championships as well as the World Taekwondo Championships held. IIHF World U18 Championship will be held in 2018 (along with Magnitogorsk). Culture[edit]

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Regional Universal Scientific Library

The city has several libraries, including Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Regional Universal Scientific Library, with more than 2 million books, including more than 12,000 rare books and monuments (17th to 19th centuries), is the largest public library in the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
oblast.

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Academic Drama Theatre named Nahum Orlov

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is home to several popular theaters: Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Academic Drama Theatre named Nahum Orlov, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named Glinka, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Chamber Theater Drama, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Puppet Theater, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Youth Theatre, Theater "Mannequin", Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
New Arts Theatre, Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Contemporary Dance Theatre.

Concert Hall Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named Glinka

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
regional museum

There are nine museums in Chelyabinsk. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
regional museum was founded in 1913, and holds about 300 thousand exhibits. There are expositions of the ancient settlement Arkaim
Arkaim
age 3rd to 2nd millennium BC relating to the "Land of Cities", the largest fragment of the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
meteor, weighing 570 kg, famous decorated edged weapons of the 19th and 20th centuries, made by Zlatoust
Zlatoust
arms factory, exhibits Kasli
Kasli
artistic cast iron and much more. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Region Picture Gallery has more than 11,000 works. Meeting up collections of art in Europe and the East (International Art), the national art of the Middle Ages, modern and contemporary, modern art. The peculiarity of the meeting are collections of icons (16th to 20th centuries), early printed books and manuscripts. The museum of railway equipment of the South Ural railway presented more than 30 exhibits of vehicles used on the rail after it in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
in 1892.

Museum of military equipment in the garden of Victory

Sika deer
Sika deer
in the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Zoo

Holy Trinity Church (1914)

Museum of military equipment in the garden of Victory was founded in 2007. It is 16 eksponantov, including T-34, IS-3 tanks and multiple rocket launchers "Katyusha" issued in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
during World War II. In addition, the city has the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
regional geological museum, museum of military glory of labor and the Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Tractor Plant, Museum postal service Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
region, entertaining science museum "Eksperimentus". Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Zoo - Zoological Park, located in the central region of Chelyabinsk. On an area of 30 hectares there are more than 110 species, of which more than 80 listed in the Red List. Zoo participates in international programs for the conservation of endangered species, including Amur (Siberian) tigers, Far Eastern leopards and Polar bears. The zoo regular sightseeing tours, lectures, exhibitions and celebrations. City also has a circus building. In Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
has Concert Hall. Prokofiev Hall of organ and chamber music with organ-known German company "Hermann Eule". The instrument consists of 2504 pipes, 37 registers, three manuals and pedal keyboard. Its sound is a rare gentleness and generosity sound basic votes. Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
boasts many artists considered to be one of the best in Russia
Russia
and Europe. In the city of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
are several churches built in the 19th to 21st centuries. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Chelyabinsk Further information: Category:People from Chelyabinsk

Ariel, Soviet pop rock band Lera Auerbach (born 1973), composer and musician, born and grew up in Chelyabinsk Svyatoslav Belza
Svyatoslav Belza
(1942–2014), musical scholar, critic and essayist, born in Chelyabinsk Zhan Bush
Zhan Bush
(born 1993), figure skater Yekaterina Gamova
Yekaterina Gamova
(born 1980), Olympic volleyball player, born and grew up in Chelyabinsk Makhmut Gareev
Makhmut Gareev
(born 1923), historian and military scientist, born and grew up in Chelyabinsk Viktor Khristenko
Viktor Khristenko
(born 1957), politician, Russian Minister of Industry, born in Chelyabinsk Igor Kurnosov
Igor Kurnosov
(1985–2013), chess grandmaster, born in Chelyabinsk Oleg Mityaev
Oleg Mityaev
(born 1956), singer-songwriter and actor, born, grew up, and came into prominence in Chelyabinsk Vadim Muntagirov
Vadim Muntagirov
(born 1990), ballet dancer, born in Chelyabinsk Staņislavs Olijars
Staņislavs Olijars
(born 1979), Latvian 110m hurdler, gold medallist at the 2006 European Athletics Championships, born in Chelyabinsk Georgy Ratner
Georgy Ratner
(1923–2001), surgeon, born in Chelyabinsk Nelli Rokita
Nelli Rokita
(born 1957), Polish politician, born in Chelyabinsk Eugene Roshal, software developer, born in Chelyabinsk Mariya Savinova, Olympic athlete, born in Chelyabinsk Galina Starovoytova
Galina Starovoytova
(1946–1998), politician and human rights activist, born in Chelyabinsk Maksim Surayev
Maksim Surayev
(born 1972), cosmonaut, born in Chelyabinsk Evgeny Sveshnikov
Evgeny Sveshnikov
(born 1950), chess grandmaster and writer, born and grew up in Chelyabinsk Anna Trebunskaya
Anna Trebunskaya
(born 1980), ballroom and Latin dancer, born in Chelyabinsk Ivan Ukhov
Ivan Ukhov
(born 1986), Olympic high jumper, born in Chelyabinsk Mikhail Yurevich
Mikhail Yurevich
(born 1969), businessman, politician, born in Chelyabinsk Roman Valerevich Abalin (also known as NFKRZ) (born 1998), YouTube celebrity and aspiring rapper (known as Lil Vodka), born in Chelyabinsk

Ice hockey players[edit]

Sergei Babinov (born 1955), Soviet player, Canada Cup
Canada Cup
champion Vyacheslav Bykov
Vyacheslav Bykov
(born 1960), Soviet player Stanislav Chistov
Stanislav Chistov
(born 1983), NHL and KHL player Evgeny Davydov (born 1967), NHL player, USSR champion Sergei Gonchar
Sergei Gonchar
(born 1974), NHL player, Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
champion Dmitri Kalinin
Dmitri Kalinin
(born 1980), NHL and KHL player, Gagarin
Gagarin
Cup champion Evgeny Kuznetsov
Evgeny Kuznetsov
(born 1992), NHL and KHL player Sergei Makarov (born 1958), NHL player Andrei Nazarov
Andrei Nazarov
(born 1974), NHL player and KHL coach Nikita Nesterov
Nikita Nesterov
(born 1993), NHL and KHL player Valeri Nichushkin
Valeri Nichushkin
(born 1995), NHL and KHL player Valeri Karpov (1971–2014), Russian Superleague
Russian Superleague
and NHL player Dmitri Tertyshny (1976–1999), Russian Superleague
Russian Superleague
and NHL player Slava Voynov
Slava Voynov
(born 1990), NHL player, Stanley Cup
Stanley Cup
champion Danil Yerdakov (born 1989), KHL player Danis Zaripov
Danis Zaripov
(born 1981), KHL player, Gagarin
Gagarin
Cup champion

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
is twinned with:

Changchun, China Petropavl, Kazakhstan Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom Ramla, Israel Ürümqi, China Columbia, South Carolina, United States[38] Antalya, Turkey

Diplomatic and consular missions and visa centers[edit]

Italy: Honorary Consulate, Visa center[39][40] Poland: Visa center

See also[edit]

Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Trade Center

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i Resolution #161 ^ "Челябинск сегодня – Визитная Карточка". Администрация г. Челябинска. Archived from the original on February 3, 2012.  ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2013 года. — М.: Федеральная служба государственной статистики Росстат, 2013. — 528 с. (Табл. 33. Численность населения городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений, городских населенных пунктов, сельских населенных пунктов) ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ a b c " Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
- Russia". Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "Information about central postal office" (in Russian).  ^ "Russian Federation Cities dialing codes" (ZIP 34.4KB) (in Russian). [permanent dead link] ^ "Investing in Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
city". Invest in Russia. Retrieved February 14, 2013.  ^ "Murzina" (PDF).  ^ "Invest in Ural". Invest in Ural. Retrieved February 14, 2013.  ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ "Челябинск: Ворота в Сибирь и Зауральский Чикаго". Портал Челябинская область.  ^ Campbell-Brown, Margaret. "What Do We Know about the Russian Meteor? Meteor
Meteor
researcher Margaret Campbell-Brown recaps the latest research into the cause of this morning's fireball over Chelyabinsk". Scientific American
Scientific American
(Interview). Interview with John Matson. Retrieved 24 December 2017. [Interviewer:] Where was most of the energy released as this object made its way through the atmosphere? [Subject:]In this case the final destination, which seems to have been the largest deposit of energy, was somewhere around 15 to 20 kilometers altitude. The actual fireball probably started significantly higher than that, maybe 50 kilometers, but most of the energy was apparently deposited during that last explosion lower in the atmosphere.  ^ "Meteorite hits Russian Urals: Fireball explosion wreaks havoc, up to 1,200 injured (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". RT. February 15, 2013.  ^ Plait, Phil (February 15, 2013). "Breaking: Huge Meteor
Meteor
Blazes Across Sky Over Russia; Sonic Boom Shatters Windows [UPDATED]". Slate. Retrieved February 15, 2013.  ^ " Meteor
Meteor
strikes Earth in Russia's Urals". Pravda. Retrieved February 15, 2013.  ^ "400 Injured by Meteorite Falls in Russian Urals". Associated Press. Retrieved February 15, 2013.  ^ Agle, D. C. (February 13, 2013). " Russia
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Meteor
Meteor
not Linked to Asteroid Flyby". NASA news. NASA. Retrieved February 15, 2013.  ^ Sreeja, VN (March 4, 2013). "New Asteroid '2013 EC' Similar To Russian Meteor
Meteor
To Pass Earth At A Distance Less Than Moon's Orbit". International Business Times. Retrieved March 9, 2013.  ^ Yeomans, Don; Chodas, Paul (March 1, 2013). "Additional Details on the Large Fireball Event over Russia
Russia
on Feb. 15, 2013". NASA/JPL Near-Earth Object Program Office. Retrieved March 2, 2013.  ^ Law #706-ZO ^ История Челябинска - от крепости до железнодорожной станции (in Russian). Портал Челябинская область.  ^ "Холмы Челябинска". Электронное периодическое издание Mediazavod.ru.  ^ "Weather and Climate (Погода и Климат – Климат Челябинска)" (in Russian). Pogoda.ru.net. Retrieved December 13, 2012.  ^ "World Weather Information Service – Cheljabinsk". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved December 13, 2012.  ^ "Конструктивизм в архитектуре Челябинска" (in Russian).  ^ "Сталинский ампир".  ^ "Парк Гагарина в Челябинске попал в топ-5 лучших в России".  ^ "На Урале".  ^ "В Челябинске начали производство 100-тонных самосвалов".  ^ "Часовой завод "Молния"". Archived from the original on July 11, 2014.  ^ "Вице-президент Emerson Process Management в Восточной Европе: "В Челябинске есть свой маленький центр «Сколково"".  ^ "В Челябинске начал курсировать электробус".  ^ "Chelyabinsk". UrbanRail.net. Archived from the original on May 17, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2014.  ^ "Sister cities". Archived from the original on September 8, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.  ^ www.pinstudio.ru. "Филиалы - Visa Management Service". www.italyvms.ru. Retrieved September 21, 2017.  ^ "La rete consolare". www.ambmosca.esteri.it. Retrieved September 21, 2017. 

Sources[edit]

Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области. Постановление №161 от 25 мая 2006 г. «Об утверждении перечня муниципальных образований (административно-территориальных единиц) Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих в их состав», в ред. Постановления №2255 от 23 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в перечень муниципальных образований (административно-территориальных единиц) Челябинской области и населённых пунктов, входящих в их состав». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Южноуральская панорама", №111–112, 14 июня 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Resolution #161 of November 25, 2006 On Adoption of the Registry of the Municipal Formations (Administrative-Territorial Units) of Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Oblast
and of the Inhabited Localities They Comprise, as amended by the Resolution #2255 of October 23, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Municipal Formations (Administrative-Territorial Units) of Chelyabinsk Oblast
Chelyabinsk Oblast
and of the Inhabited Localities They Comprise. Effective as of the official publication date.). Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области. Закон №706-ЗО от 10 июня 2014 г. «О статусе и границах Челябинского городского округа и внутригородских районов в его составе». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Южноуральская панорама", №87 (спецвыпуск №24), 14 июня 2014 г. (Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #706-ZO of June 10, 2014 On the Status and Borders of Chelyabinsky Urban Okrug and the City Districts It Comprises. Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Anne Garrels, Putin Country: A Journey Into The Real Russia
Russia
(New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2016). Lennart Samuelson, Tankograd: The Formation of a Soviet Company Town: Cheliabinsk, 1900s–1950s (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011).

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chelyabinsk.

Website about Chelyabinsk Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
city portal (in Russian) Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
News Agency (in Russian)  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chelyabinsk". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

v t e

Administrative divisions of Chelyabinsk
Chelyabinsk
Oblast

Administrative center: Chelyabinsk

Cities and towns

Asha Bakal Chebarkul Chelyabinsk Karabash Kartaly Kasli Katav-Ivanovsk Kopeysk Korkino Kusa Kyshtym Magnitogorsk Miass Minyar Nyazepetrovsk Ozyorsk Plast Satka Sim Snezhinsk Troitsk Tryokhgorny Ust-Katav Verkhneuralsk Verkhny Ufaley Yemanzhelinsk Yuryuzan Yuzhnouralsk Zlatoust

Districts

Agapovsky Argayashsky Ashinsky Bredinsky Chebarkulsky Chesmensky Kartalinsky Kaslinsky Katav-Ivanovsky Kizilsky Korkinsky Krasnoarmeysky Kunashaksky Kusinsky Nagaybaksky Nyazepetrovsky Oktyabrsky Plastovsky Satkinsky Sosnovsky Troitsky Uvelsky Uysky Varnensky Verkhneuralsky Yemanzhelinsky Yetkulsky

Urban-type settlements of oblast significance

Lokomotivny

Authority control

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