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Changshu
Changshu
(Chinese: 常熟; pinyin: Chángshú; Wade–Giles: Ch'ang-shu; Suzhounese: Zaon去 so平; literally: "evergrow")[2] is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Suzhou, Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province, and is part of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta. It borders the prefecture-level city of Nantong
Nantong
to the northeast across the Yangtze River. Due to the mild climate and terrain there, it has enjoyed a high level of agriculture civilization since ancient times, and is named after this, for the first character of its name (常) means "always, often", while the second (熟) means "ripe". The name of the adjacent county-level city of Taicang
Taicang
means "great granary". Changshu
Changshu
comprises 9 towns and 2 subdistricts and two provincial economy and technology development districts. As a historically and culturally famous city, Changshu
Changshu
is known for its long history, beautiful scenery and prosperity. It is one of the most well developed counties in China: its GDP
GDP
reached 97.2 billion yuan in 2007, and GDP per capita reached 91,846 yuan (ca. US$12,000), ranking among the top 10 county-level divisions nationally. In 2010, GDP
GDP
per capita reached US$21,473, ranking the fourth of the counties and cities of Jiangsu Province.

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Development Zones and Ports 4 Administrative divisions

4.1 Towns and subdistricts 4.2 Discontinued/Merged towns

5 Infrastructure

5.1 Forest farm 5.2 Clothing and fabric market

6 Education facilities

6.1 College and universities 6.2 High schools 6.3 Vocation schools

7 Social Welfare Institute 8 Tourism

8.1 Gardens and parks 8.2 Hills 8.3 Archaeological sites

9 Transportation 10 Famous people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Changshu
Changshu
first became an independent county in 540 AD, but in 581 was made subordinate to Suzhou. It was promoted to seat of a full prefecture in 1295, was rebuilt and fortified in the 14th century, but in 1370 was reduced again to the level of a county. In the 15th and 16th centuries Changshu
Changshu
was several times attacked by Japanese pirates. Changshu
Changshu
has traditionally been a market town for locally produced rice, corn, wheat, tea, and mulberry leaves, and since the 13th century has been a major cotton-producing district. Although administratively still a subordinate city to Suzhou, it is a provincial base of foreign trade. Currently a harbour is being developed on the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
near Changshu
Changshu
to service Suzhou
Suzhou
and Wuxi. Economy[edit] Changsu has experienced economic growth of 15–20 percent for the last 20 years. In 2007, Changshu
Changshu
had a GDP
GDP
of RMB97.6 billion, an increase of 18 percent from 2006. Of this, only 1.8 percent comes from the primary industry, whereas 59.18 percent is derived from the secondary industry and the tertiary industry makes up the remaining 39 percent.[3] The city’s major industries include textiles, paper-making, fine chemicals, machinery, steel and forestry products. The city has more than 4,000 textile and apparel companies with combined annual sales of RMB50 billion. The paper-making industry has attracted more the US$15 billion of FDI. By the end of 2007, this industry exceeded 2.4 million tons.[3] More than 2,000 foreign enterprises have invested in Changshu including big names such as Sharp and Dunlop. Of the contracted investment at least one-third has come from Taiwan
Taiwan
– more than 500 Taiwan
Taiwan
enterprises have invested more than US$100 million in the city. UPM-Kymmene
UPM-Kymmene
from Finland has been running a paper mill in the city since 1999 and now has an annual capacity of 200,000 tons of coated and 600,000 tons of uncoated fine paper. Changshu’s import and export rate has also increased in recent years with imports going up by 88.4 percent to US$3.89 billion and exports rising 60.4 percent to US$6.74 billion in 2007.[3] Development Zones and Ports[edit]

Changshu
Changshu
Port Changshu
Changshu
Southeast Development Zone (Now referred to as Changshu
Changshu
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone or CNZ for short) Jiangsu
Jiangsu
New and High Tech Industrial Park Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Changshu
Changshu
Advanced Materials Industrial Park

Administrative divisions[edit] Changshu
Changshu
is divided into 9 towns and 2 subdistricts.[4] Towns and subdistricts[edit]

Yushan (虞山) Haiyu (海虞) Bixi subdistrict (碧溪新区) Meili (梅李) Xinzhuang (辛庄) Guli (古里) Zhitang (支塘) Dongbang
Dongbang
(董浜) Shajiabang (沙家浜) Shanghu (尚湖) Dongnan subdistrict (东南街道)

Discontinued/Merged towns[edit]

Xushi (徐市) Heshi (何市) Renyang (任阳) Baimao (白茆) Tangshi (唐市) Xieqiao (谢桥) Dayi (大义) Mochen (莫城) Wangzhuang (王庄) Yetang (冶塘) Liantang (练塘) Yangyuan (杨园) Zhangqiao (张桥)

Infrastructure[edit] The China National Highway 204
China National Highway 204
Yantai-Nantong-Changshu-Shanghai, Sujiahang Expressway and Suzhou-Jiaxing- Hangzhou
Hangzhou
all pass through Changshu. Changshu
Changshu
has one Yangtze River
Yangtze River
crossing, the Sutong Yangtze River Bridge, one of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world.[5] Changshu
Changshu
harbor is ranked sixth out of China’s inland river ports and supports both the Shanghai
Shanghai
port and the Suzhou
Suzhou
Industrial Park. It currently has 12 docks, with another nine being constructed, operating to 212 ports worldwide.[5] Forest farm[edit]

Yushan Forest Farm (虞山林场)

Clothing and fabric market[edit]

Zhaoshangcheng (招商城)

Known as "China's textile industry base in the city" and " China leisure clothing city", it is an important national clothing industry base and gains the" clothing world " reputation. It became one of "China's top ten clothing wholesale market" in 2004-2005. Education facilities[edit] College and universities[edit]

Changshu Institute of Technology
Changshu Institute of Technology
(常熟理工学院) Changshu
Changshu
Radio & TV University (常熟广播电视大学)

High schools[edit]

United World College of Changshu
Changshu
China Changshu
Changshu
High School of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province (江苏省常熟中学) High School of Changshu
Changshu
City (常熟市中学) Changshu
Changshu
Foreign Language School (常熟市外国语学校) Meili High School of Changshu
Changshu
City Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province (江苏省常熟市梅李中学) Xupu High School of Changshu
Changshu
City Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Vocation schools[edit]

Changshu
Changshu
Farm & Side-line Vocation School Changshu
Changshu
Industrial Vocation School

Social Welfare Institute[edit] Changshu
Changshu
Social Welfare Institute (No. 39, Bei Men Da Jie, Changshu City) Tourism[edit] Gardens and parks[edit]

Fangta Tower Park (方塔园) Yushan Park (虞山公园) Shanghu Lake Park (尚湖公园) The Zengs' Garden (曾园) The Zhaos' Garden (赵园) The Yan Garden (燕园)

Hills[edit]

Yushan (虞山) Fushan Hills (福山诸丘) Tongguan Hill (铜官山) Dianshan Hill (殿山) Xishan Hill (西山)

Archaeological sites[edit]

Xingfu Temple
Xingfu Temple
(兴福寺) Zhongyong's Tomb (仲雍墓) Yanzi's Tomb

Transportation[edit]

Railroad: the Yangtse Riverine Railway (planning) Highways: the Yangtse Riverine Expressway, the Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou Expressway

Famous people[edit]

Weng Tonghe
Weng Tonghe
(1830–1904), Confucian scholar and imperial tutor of two emperors during the Qing dynasty Shiwu (1272–1352), a Chan poet and hermit who lived during the Yuan Dynasty.

At least four famous painters came from Changshu:

Huang Gongwang
Huang Gongwang
(1269–1354), one of the Four Masters of the Yüan dynasty Wang Hui (1632–1717), one of the "Four Wangs" representing the orthodox school of painting during the Ming and early Qing dynasties Wu Li
Wu Li
(1632–1718), one of the orthodox school of "literati painting" (wenrenhua) in the early Qing dynasty Jiang Tingxi
Jiang Tingxi
(1669–1732), official painter and grand secretary to the Imperial Court. Wang Ganchang
Wang Ganchang
(1907–1999), an outstanding nuclear physical scientist

See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China

References[edit]

^ "Table showing land area and population". Suzhou
Suzhou
People's Government. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-09-07.  ^ Spelling variants in older written sources might be Chansu (e.g. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911) or Chanzu (e.g. The New Larned History for Ready Reference, 1922). ^ a b c China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu
Changshu
Economy ^ "中国常熟-信息公开". www.changshu.gov.cn. Retrieved 2015-11-02.  ^ a b China Briefing Business Guide: Changshu
Changshu
Infrastructure

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Changshu.

http://www.changshu.gov.cn/ - official Changshu
Changshu
City website Changshu
Changshu
City English guide ( Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Network) Changshu
Changshu
City Guide & Culture Introduction - Mild China

v t e

Jiangsu
Jiangsu
topics

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Grand Canal of China Yellow Sea East China Sea Xishan Island Yangtze
Yangtze
River Lake Tai Hongze Lake Yangcheng Lake Huai River Qixia Mountain

Education

Nanjing
Nanjing
University Southeast University Hohai University Nanjing
Nanjing
Normal University Nanjing
Nanjing
University of Science and Technology

Culture

Wuyue culture Shuochang Cuisine Chinese opera Ge Yuan Garden

Visitor attractions

Purple Mountain Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum Jiming Temple Nanjing
Nanjing
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge Hanshan Temple Huqiu Tower Grand Buddha at Ling Shan Chaotian Palace Qixia Temple Tianning Temple Pagoda Zhouzhuang

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu
Jiangsu
Province

Nanjing
Nanjing
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin
Jiangyin
City Yixing
Yixing
City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou
Pizhou
City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang
Liyang
City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan
Kunshan
City Taicang
Taicang
City Changshu
Changshu
City Zhangjiagang
Zhangjiagang
City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen
Haimen
City Qidong City Rugao
Rugao
City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an
Huai'an
District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai
Dongtai
City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng
Yizheng
City Gaoyou
Gaoyou
City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong
Yangzhong
City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang
Jingjiang
City Taixing
Taixing
City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang County Sihong County

v t e

Cities along the Yangtze

Province-level

Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)

Yunnan

Lijiang (SIchuan see below) Dongchuan

Sichuan

Panzhihua (Yunan see above) Yibin Luzhou

Chongqing

Jiangjin Central Chongqing Fuling Wanzhou

Hubei

Yichang Yidu Zhijiang Songzi Jingzhou Shishou ( Hunan
Hunan
see below) Honghu Chibi Wuhan Ezhou Huangshi Huanggang Wuxue

Hunan

Yueyang Linxiang

Jiangxi

Ruichang Jiujiang

Anhui

Anqing Chizhou Tongling Wuhu Ma'anshan

Jiangsu

Nanjing Yizheng Jurong Zhenjiang Yangzhou Taizhou Yangzhong Taixing Danyang Changzhou Jingjiang Jiangyin Zhangjiagang Rugao Nantong Changshu Taicang Haimen Qidong

Shanghai

Baoshan Pudong

Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yellow River

Authority control

.