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Cerveteri
Cerveteri
[tʃerˈvɛːteri] is a town and comune of northern Lazio
Lazio
in the region of the Metropolitan City of Rome. Known by the ancient Romans as Caere, and previously by the Etruscans
Etruscans
as Caisra or Cisra, and as Agylla (or Άγυλλα) by the Greeks, its modern name derives from Caere
Caere
Vetus used in the 13th c. to distinguish it from Caere Novum (the current town). It is famous for the site of the ancient Etruscan city[1] which was one of the most important Etruscan cities with an area more than 15 times larger than today's town. Caere
Caere
was one of the city-states of the Etruscan League and at its height, around 600 BC, its population was perhaps around 25,000 - 40,000 people.[2][3][4][5][6]

Cerveteri

UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site

Official name Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia

Location Province of Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy
Italy

Coordinates 42°00′N 12°06′E / 42°N 12.1°E / 42; 12.1

Area 134.32 km2 (1.4458×109 sq ft)

Criteria Cultural: i, iii, iv

Reference 1158

Inscription 2004 (28th Session)

Website www.comune.cerveteri.rm.it

Location of Cerveteri

[edit on Wikidata]

Contents

1 Site 2 History 3 Monuments

3.1 Necropolis of the Banditaccia 3.2 Others

4 Cerveteri
Cerveteri
DOC 5 Ancient bishopric 6 Twin cities 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Site[edit] The ancient city was situated about 7 km from the sea, a location which made it a wealthy trading town derived originally from the iron ore mines in the Tolfa
Tolfa
hills.[7] It had three sea ports including Pyrgi, connected to Caere
Caere
by a road approximately 13 km long and 10 metres wide, and Punicum. Pyrgi
Pyrgi
was also famous for its sanctuary of monumental temples from 510 BC, built by the king of Caere
Caere
and dedicated to the goddesses Leucothea
Leucothea
and Ilithyia, of which impressive and beautiful sculptures are exhibited at the Villa Giulia. History[edit] Main article: Caere Monuments[edit] Little is known of the ancient city although six temples are known from various sources. Two of them have been excavated, one of Hera, the other in the north of the city. Parts of the city walls are still visible today and excavations opened up a theatre. There were three necropoli. The contents of the tombs excavated, often chaotically and illegally, over the last few centuries have yielded rich and exquisite objects, including ceramics and jewellery which today grace many of the worlds museums. One famous and important work of art is the Sarcophagus of the Spouses.

Sarcophagus of the Spouses
Sarcophagus of the Spouses
(Villa Giulia)

Sculpture from a temple at Caere, 525-500 BC (Altes Museum Berlin)

Via degli Inferi, the main entrance to the Banditaccia Necropolis.

Necropolis of the Banditaccia[edit]

Gold bracelet from the tomb Regolini-Galassi 650 BC

The most famous attraction of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
is the Necropoli della Banditaccia, which has been declared by UNESCO
UNESCO
a World Heritage Site together with the necropolis in Tarquinia. It covers an area of 400 hectares (990 acres), of which 10 hectares (25 acres) can be visited, encompassing a total of ca. 1,000 tombs often housed in characteristic mounds. It is the largest ancient necropolis in the Mediterranean area. The name Banditaccia comes from the leasing (bando) of areas of land to the Cerveteri
Cerveteri
population by the local landowners. The tombs date from the 9th century BC (Villanovan culture) to the later Etruscan period (3rd century BC). The earliest tombs are in the shape of a pit, in which the ashes of the dead were housed; also simple potholes are present. The most important tombs include:

Tomb Regolini-Galassi with rich gold finds from the mid-7th century Tomb of the capitals (Tomba dei Capitelli), middle 6th century Tomb of the shields and chairs (Tomba degli Scudi e delle Sedie), middle 6th century Tomb of the Painted Lions (Tomba dei Leoni dipinti), 620 BC Tomb of the Reliefs
Tomb of the Reliefs
(Tomba dei Rilievi), 4th - 2nd century Tomb of the Sea Waves (Tomba delle Onde Marine), 4th-3rd century Tomb of the Alcove (Tomba dell'Alcova), 4th - 3rd century Tomba della capanna Tomba dei Vasi Greci Tomba dei Doli Tomba calabresi

From the later Etruscan period are two types of tombs: tumulus-type tombs and the so-called "dice", the latter being simple square tombs built in long rows along roads within the necropolis. The visitable area contains two such roads, the Via dei Monti Ceriti and the Via dei Monti della Tolfa
Monti della Tolfa
(6th century BC). The tumuli are circular structures built in tuff, and the interiors, carved from the living rock, house a reconstruction of the house of the dead, including a corridor (dromos), a central hall, and several rooms. Modern knowledge of Etruscan daily life is largely dependent on the numerous decorative details and finds from such tombs. One of the most famous tombs is the Tomb of the Reliefs, identified from an inscription as belonging to the Matuna family and provided with an exceptional series of frescoes, bas-reliefs and sculptures portraying a large series of contemporary life tools.[8][9] The most recent tombs date from the 3rd century BC. Some of them are marked by external cippi, which are cylindrical for men, and in the shape of a small house for women. A large number of finds excavated at Cerveteri
Cerveteri
are in the National Etruscan Museum, Rome, with others in the Vatican Museums
Vatican Museums
and many other museums around the world. Others, mainly pottery, are in the Archaeological Museum at Cerveteri
Cerveteri
itself. Others[edit]

The Rocca (castle) Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, including a medieval section reachable from the 1950s addition through a triumphal arch. Palazzo Ruspoli, rebuilt as baronal palace by the Orsini in 1533. The portico and the loggia on the façade are from the 17th century. It is connected to Santa Maria Maggiore
Santa Maria Maggiore
through a passetto (enclosed bridge), built in 1760. The small church of Sant'Antonio Abate, with a 1472 fresco by Lorenzo da Viterbo. The medieval burgh of Ceri Castle of Cerenova

Cerveteri
Cerveteri
DOC[edit] Around the city of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
is an Italian DOC wine
Italian DOC wine
region that produces red and white blended wines. The red wines are blends of 60% Sangiovese
Sangiovese
and Montepulciano, 25% Cesanese
Cesanese
and up to 30% of Canaiolo, Carignan
Carignan
and Barbera. The grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 15 tonnes/ha and the final wine must have a minimum alcohol level of 11%. The white wines are composed of a minimum blend of 50% Trebbiano
Trebbiano
Romagnolo and Giallo, a maximum of 35% Malvasia di Candia and a maximum of 15% Friulano, Verdicchio, Bellone and Bombino bianco. The grapes are limited to a harvest yield of 14 tonnes/ha and the final wine must have a minimum alcohol level of 12%.[10] Ancient bishopric[edit] For the ancient bishopric that originally had its seat in Cerveteri and is now a titular see, see Caere. Twin cities[edit]

Fürstenfeldbruck, Germany Livry-Gargan, France Almuñécar, Spain

References[edit]

^ Quilici, L.; S. Quilici Gigli, DARMC; J. Becker, R.; Talbert; T. Elliott; S. Gillies. "Places: 422859 (Caere)". Pleiades. Retrieved October 20, 2014.  ^ Pounds, N.J.G. (1976). An Historical Geography of Europe 450 B.C.-A.D. 1330. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521291262.  ^ Museo nazionale di Villa Giulia; Moretti, A.M.S.; Italy. Soprintendenza archeologica per l'Etruria meridionale (2001). The Villa Giulia
Villa Giulia
National Etruscan Museum: Short Guide. L'Erma di Bretschneider. ISBN 9788882650124.  ^ Jean MacIntosh Turfa (26 June 2013). The Etruscan World. Routledge. pp. 1774–. ISBN 1-134-05530-7.  ^ Normal J. G. Pounds (16 December 1976). An Historical Geography of Europe 450 B.C.-A.D. 1330. CUP Archive. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-0-521-29126-2.  ^ John Morris Roberts (1993). A Short History of the World. Oxford University Press. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-0-19-511504-8.  ^ Karl-Wilhelm Weber: Geschichte der Etrusker, Berlin, Köln, Mainz 1979, ISBN 3170052144, S. 38 ^ Fred Kleiner (8 January 2009). Gardner's Art through the Ages: The Western Perspective. Cengage Learning. pp. 181–. ISBN 0-495-57360-4.  ^ Horst Blanck; Giuseppe Proietti; Italy. Soprintendenza archeologica per l'Etruria meridionale (1986). La Tomba dei Rilievi di Cerveteri. De Luca.  ^ P. Saunders Wine Label Language pg 137 Firefly Books 2004 ISBN 1-55297-720-X

Library resources about Cerveteri

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries

Further reading[edit]

Drago Troccoli, Luciana. 2006. Cerveteri. Rome: Istituto Poligrafico. Izzet, Vedia E. 2000. "The Etruscan sanctuary at Cerveteri, Sant’Antonio: Preliminary report of excavations 1995–8." Papers of the British School at Rome
Rome
62: 321–35. Moretti, Mario. 1978. Cerveteri. Novara, Italy: Istituto Geografico de Agostini. Pallottino, Massimo. 1957. The necropolis of Cerveteri. Rome: Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cerveteri
Cerveteri
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

Northwest

Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
Roero
and Monferrato

Northeast

Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Central

Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa d'Este

South

Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
Oplontis
and Villa Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera

Islands

Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa Romana del Casale

Countrywide

Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
Croatia
and Montenegro

v t e

Landmarks of Lazio

Abruzzo, Lazio
Lazio
and Molise National Park Circeo National Park Civita Castellana Cathedral Etruscan necropolis of Cerveteri Etruscan necropolis of Tarquinia Fossanova Abbey Garden of Ninfa Gran Sasso e Monti della Laga National Park Hadrian's Villa Monte Cassino Ostia Antica Palazzo dei Papi di Viterbo Park of the Monsters Villa d'Este Volci

v t e

Comuni of the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital

Affile Agosta Albano Laziale Allumiere Anguillara Sabazia Anticoli Corrado Anzio Arcinazzo Romano Ardea Ariccia Arsoli Artena Bellegra Bracciano Camerata Nuova Campagnano di Roma Canale Monterano Canterano Capena Capranica Prenestina Carpineto Romano Casape Castel Gandolfo Castel Madama Castel San Pietro Romano Castelnuovo di Porto Cave Cerreto Laziale Cervara di Roma Cerveteri Ciampino Ciciliano Cineto Romano Civitavecchia Civitella San Paolo Colleferro Colonna Fiano Romano Filacciano Fiumicino Fonte Nuova Formello Frascati Gallicano nel Lazio Gavignano Genazzano Genzano di Roma Gerano Gorga Grottaferrata Guidonia Montecelio Jenne Labico Ladispoli Lanuvio Lariano Licenza Magliano Romano Mandela Manziana Marano Equo Marcellina Marino Mazzano Romano Mentana Monte Compatri Monte Porzio Catone Monteflavio Montelanico Montelibretti Monterotondo Montorio Romano Moricone Morlupo Nazzano Nemi Nerola Nettuno Olevano Romano Palestrina Palombara Sabina Percile Pisoniano Poli Pomezia Ponzano Romano Riano Rignano Flaminio Riofreddo Rocca Canterano Rocca Priora Rocca Santo Stefano Rocca di Cave Rocca di Papa Roccagiovine Roiate Rome Roviano Sacrofano Sambuci San Cesareo San Gregorio da Sassola San Polo dei Cavalieri San Vito Romano Sant'Angelo Romano Sant'Oreste Santa Marinella Saracinesco Segni Subiaco Tivoli Tolfa Torrita Tiberina Trevignano Romano Vallepietra Vallinfreda Valmontone Velletri Vicovaro Vivaro Romano Zagarolo

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157140639 GND: 4089100-8 BNF: cb11951273w (data)

Coordinates: 42°00′N 12°06′E / 42.000°N 12.100°E / 42

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