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Carmarthen
Carmarthen
(/ˌkɑːrˈmɑːrðən/ kar-MAR-dhən; Welsh: Caerfyrddin pronounced [kɑːɨrˈvərðɪn], "Merlin's fort") is the county town of Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
in Wales. It lies on the River Towy[2] 8 miles (13 km) north of its mouth at Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Bay.[3] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
has a strong claim to being the oldest town in Wales
Wales
– the two settlements of Old Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and New Carmarthen
Carmarthen
were united as one borough in 1546.[4] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was the most populous borough in Wales
Wales
between the 16th and 18th centuries and described by William Camden as "the chief citie of the country". Population growth stagnated by the mid-19th century, as more dynamic economic centres developed in the South Wales
Wales
coalfield.[4] The population in 2011 was 14,185, down from 15,854 in 2001.[5] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
is the location of Dyfed-Powys Police
Dyfed-Powys Police
headquarters, the Carmarthen
Carmarthen
campus of the University of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David and Glangwili General Hospital.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 Priory 1.3 Grey Friars 1.4 Arthurian legend 1.5 Early modern 1.6 18th century to present

2 Governance 3 Twin towns 4 Landmarks

4.1 Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Castle 4.2 St Peter's Church 4.3 Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Bridge 4.4 Pont King Morgan 4.5 Picton's monument 4.6 General Nott statue and plaque to Bishop Ferrar

5 Listed buildings 6 Sport 7 Transport 8 Town regeneration and redevelopment 9 Notable people 10 Gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] Main article: Moridunum (Carmarthen) See also: Black Book of Carmarthen

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Castle, main gateway

A page from Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Borough's Book of Ordinances, 1582

When Britannia was a Roman province, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was the civitas capital of the Demetae
Demetae
tribe, known as Moridunum[2] ("Sea Fort"). It is possibly the oldest town in Wales, recorded by Ptolemy
Ptolemy
and in the Antonine Itinerary. The Roman fort is believed to date from about AD 75. A Roman coin hoard was found nearby in 2006.[6] Near the fort is one of seven surviving Roman amphitheatres in Britain and only two in Roman Wales
Wales
(the other being at Isca Augusta, Roman Caerleon). It was excavated in 1968. The arena itself is 50 by 30 yards (about 46 by 27 metres); the cavea (seating area) is 100 by 73 yards (92 by 67 metres). Veprauskas has argued for its identification as the Cair Guorthigirn[7] ("Fort Vortigern") listed by Nennius among the 28 cities of Britain in his History of the Britains.[8] During the Middle Ages, the settlement was known as Llanteulyddog ('St Teulyddog's)[9] and accounted one of the seven principal sees in Dyfed.[10] The strategic importance of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was such that the Norman William fitz Baldwin built a castle there, probably about 1094. The current castle site is known to have been used since 1105. The castle itself was destroyed by Llywelyn the Great
Llywelyn the Great
in 1215 but rebuilt in 1223, when permission was granted to build a town wall and crenellate the town, making it one of the first medieval walled towns in Wales. In 1405, the town was captured and the castle was sacked by Owain Glyndŵr. The Black Book of Carmarthen, written about 1250, is associated with the town's Priory of SS John the Evangelist and Teulyddog. The Black Death
Black Death
of 1347–49 arrived in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
through the thriving river trade.[11] It destroyed and devastated villages such as Llanllwch. Local historians site the plague pit for the mass burial of the dead in the graveyard that adjoins the Maes-yr-Ysgol and Llys Model housing at the rear of St Catherine Street. Priory[edit] The ancient Clas church of Llandeulyddog was an independent, pre-Norman religious community which became in 1110 the Benedictine Priory of St Peter,[12] only to be replaced 15 years later by the Augustianian Priory of St John the Evangelist and St Teulyddog.[13][14] This stood near the river, at what is now Priory Street (51°51′36″N 4°17′51″W / 51.8601°N 4.2975°W / 51.8601; -4.2975 (St John's Priory), SN418204). The site is now a scheduled monument. Grey Friars[edit] During the 13th century, Franciscan
Franciscan
Friars (Grey Friars, or Friars minor) became established in the town, and by 1284 had their own Friary buildings on Lammas Street (51°51′21″N 4°18′33″W / 51.855794°N 4.309076°W / 51.855794; -4.309076 (Carmarthen Greyfriars)), on a site now occupied by a shopping centre.[15] The Franciscan
Franciscan
emphasis on poverty and simplicity meant the Church was smaller (reportedly "70 to 80 feet long and 30 feet broad" – 21/24 by 9 m) and more austere than the older foundations, but this did not prevent the accumulation of treasures, and it became a much sought after location for burial.[16] In 1456 Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond died of plague in Carmarthen,[17] three months before the birth of his son, the future King Henry VII. Edmund was buried in a prominent tomb in the centre of the choir of the Grey Friars Church.[16] Other notable burials were of Rhys ap Thomas
Rhys ap Thomas
and Tudur Aled.[15] The Friary was dissolved in 1538, and many unsuccessful plans were made for the building. Even before the friars had left, in 1536, William Barlow campaigned to have the cathedral moved into it, from St David's,[16] where the tomb and remains of Edmund Tudor were moved after the Carmarthen
Carmarthen
buildings were deconsecrated. There were repeated abortive attempts to turn the buildings into a grammar school.[16] Gradually they became ruined, although the church walls were still recognisable in the mid-18th century.[16] By 1900 all the stonework had been stripped away and there were no traces above ground. The site remained undeveloped until the 1980s and 1990s, after extensive archaeological excavations of first the monastic buildings and then the nave and chancel of the church. These confirmed that the former presence of a church, a chapter house and a large cloister, with a smaller cloister and infirmary added subsequently. Over 200 graves were found in the churchyard and 60 around the friars' choir.[18] Arthurian legend[edit]

Merlin, from the Nuremberg Chronicle
Nuremberg Chronicle
(1493)

According to some[citation needed] variants of the Arthurian legend, Merlin
Merlin
was born in a cave outside Carmarthen. Given the town's Welsh name Caerfyrddin, it has been suggested that Merlin
Merlin
may be an anglicised form of Myrddin. (See Merlin
Merlin
§ Name and etymology.) Historians generally disagree with this, preferring the explanation thatMyrddin is a corruption of the Roman name. Furthermore, many areas surrounding Carmarthen
Carmarthen
still allude to this, such as nearby Bryn Myrddin (Merlin's Hill).[citation needed] Legend also had it that if a particular tree called Merlin's Oak
Merlin's Oak
fell, it would be the downfall of the town. Translated from Welsh, it reads: "When Merlin's Oak
Merlin's Oak
comes tumbling down, down shall fall Carmarthen Town".[19] To obstruct this, the tree was dug up when it died and pieces of it remain in the town museum. The Black Book of Carmarthen
Black Book of Carmarthen
includes poems with references to Myrddin (Ymddiddan Myrddin a Thaliesin, "Conversation of Merlin
Merlin
and Taliesin") and possibly to Arthur (Pa ŵr yw'r Porthor?, "What man is the porter?"). The interpretation of these is difficult, as the Arthurian legends were known by this time and detail of the modern form had been described by Geoffrey of Monmouth before the book was written. Early modern[edit]

John Speed's 1610 map of Carmarthen.

Carmarthen, 1823

Carmarthen, Entrance from the Bridge, 1865

The 'Book of Ordinances', 1569–1606, is one of the earliest surviving minute books of a town in Wales. It gives a unique picture of an Elizabethan Welsh town.[20] Following the Acts of Union, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
became judicial headquarters of the Court of Great Sessions for southwest Wales. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the town's dominant pursuit was still agriculture and related trades, including woollen manufacture. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was made a county corporate by a charter of James I in 1604. This decreed that Carmarthen
Carmarthen
should be known as the 'Town of the County of Carmarthen' and have two sheriffs. This was reduced to one sheriff in 1835 and the ceremonial post continues to this day. When the Priory and the Friary were abandoned during the dissolution of the monasteries in the reign of Henry VIII, the land being returned to the monarchy. Likewise, the chapels of St Catherine and St Barbara were lost, the church of St Peter's being the main religious establishment to survive. During the Marian persecutions of the 1550s, Bishop Ferrar of St David's was burnt at the stake in the market square – now Nott Square. A Protestant martyr, his life and death are recorded in John Foxe's famous book of martyrs. In 1689, John Osborne, 1st Earl of Danby, was made 1st Marquess of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
by William III. Osborne was later created Duke of Leeds
Duke of Leeds
in 1694, and Marquess of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
became the Duke's heir apparent's courtesy title until the Dukedom became extinct upon the death of the 12th Duke in 1964. 18th century to present[edit] In the mid-18th century, the Morgan family founded a small-scale ironworks at the east end of the town. In 1786 lead smelting was established to process the ore carried from Lord Cawdor's mines at Nantyrmwyn, in the north-east of Carmarthenshire. Neither of these firms survived for long. The lead smelting moved to Llanelli
Llanelli
in 1811. The ironworks evolved into tinplate works that had failed by about 1900. In the late eighteenth century John Spurrell, an auctioneer from Bath, moved to Wales
Wales
and settled in Carmarthen. He was the grandson of Robert Spurrell, a Bath schoolmaster who printed the first book, The Elements of Chronology, in the city in 1730. In 1840, a printing press was set up in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
by William Spurrell (1813–1889), who wrote a history of the town and compiled and published a Welsh-English dictionary (first published 1848) and an English–Welsh dictionary (first published 1850).[21] Today's Collins Welsh dictionary is known as the "Collins Spurrell". A local housing authority in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
is named Heol Spurrell in honour of the family.[22] The origins of Chartism in Wales
Wales
can be traced to the foundation in the autumn of 1836 of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Working Men's Association.[23] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
gaol, designed by John Nash, was in use from about 1789 until its demolition in 1922. The site is now occupied by County Hall, designed by Sir Percy Thomas. The gaol's "Felons' Register" of 1843–71 contains some of the earliest photographs of criminals in Britain. In 1843 the workhouse in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was attacked by the Rebecca Rioters. The revival of the eisteddfod as an institution took place in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
in 1819. The town hosted the National Eisteddfod
National Eisteddfod
in 1867, 1911 and 1974, although at least in 1974, the Maes was at Abergwili. Carmarthen Grammar School was founded in 1587 on a site now occupied by the old hospital in Priory Street. The school moved in the 1840s to Priory Row, before relocating to Richmond Terrace. At the turn of the 20th century, a local travelling circus buried one of its elephants that fell sick and died. The grave is under what was the rugby pitch. During World War II, prisoner-of-war camps were situated in Johnstown (where the Davies Estate now stands) and at Glangwilli — the POW huts being used as part of the hospital since its inception. To the west of the town was the " Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Stop Line", one of a network of defensive lines created in 1940–41 in case of invasion, with a series of ditches and pillboxes running north-south. Most of these structures have since been removed or filled in, but there are still two remains.[24] [25] The Carmarthen
Carmarthen
community is bordered by those of Bronwydd, Abergwili, Llangunnor, Llandyfaelog, Llangain, Llangynog and Newchurch and Merthyr, all being in Carmarthenshire. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
was named one of the best places to live in Wales
Wales
in 2017.[26] Governance[edit] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town Council, established in 1974, consists of 18 town councillors elected from the three wards of the town. The town council's responsibilities include maintenance of the town's five parks and of the town cemetery.[27] The three electoral wards of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town North, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town South and Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town West each elect two county councillors to Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
County Council. Twin towns[edit] Carmarthen
Carmarthen
is twinned with: Lesneven, Brittany, France Santa Marinella, Italy As Pontes, Galicia, Spain Landmarks[edit]

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Bridge

Pont King Morgan footbridge with Carmarthen Bridge
Carmarthen Bridge
in the background

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Castle[edit] Main article: Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Castle Little remains of the original medieval castle at Carmarthen, but the old Gatehouse still dominates Nott Square. The motte is also accessible to the public. Castle House, within the old walls, is a museum and Tourist Information Centre.[28] St Peter's Church[edit] Main article: St Peter's Church, Carmarthen St Peter's is the largest parish church in the Diocese of St David's and has the longest nave, being 60 metres from west porch to east window and 15 metres across the nave and south aisle.[29] It consists of a west tower, nave, chancel, south aisle and a Consistory Court. It is built of local red sandstone and grey shale. The tower contains eight bells with the heaviest, tuned to the note E, weighing 15 cwt 1 qr 18 lbs (783 kg). Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Bridge[edit] Main article: Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Bridge The concrete A484 road
A484 road
bridge across the River Towy
River Towy
was designed by the Welsh architect Clough Williams-Ellis
Clough Williams-Ellis
and completed in 1937. The bridge was Grade II listed in 2003.[30] The loss of the original medieval bridge that it replaced caused controversy.[citation needed] Pont King Morgan[edit] To create better pedestrian access across the Towy from the railway station to the town centre, a cable-stayed bridge was constructed in 2005 linking to the foot of Blue Street. The cost was £2.8 million.[31] The bridge was commended in 2007 by the Structural Steel Design Awards for its high-quality detailing. Previously, access was across Carmarthen Bridge
Carmarthen Bridge
some 700 feet (210 m) to the east.[32] Picton's monument[edit]

Picton's monument, Carmarthen, 1830

The current Picton Monument, Carmarthen

In 1828, a monument was erected at the west end of the town to honour Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General
Sir Thomas Picton, from Haverfordwest, who had died at the Battle of Waterloo
Battle of Waterloo
in 1815. The pillar, which was about 75 ft (23 m), was designed to echo Trajan's column
Trajan's column
in Rome. A statue of Picton, wrapped in a cloak and supported by a baluster above emblems of spears surmounted the column. The structure stood on a square pedestal. Access was by a flight of steps to a small door on the east side, facing the town. A series of bas-reliefs sculpted by Edward Hodges Baily
Edward Hodges Baily
adorned the structure. Above the entrance door was the name "PICTON", and over this a relief showing the Lieutenant General falling mortally wounded from his horse on the Waterloo battlefield. "WATERLOO" was written across the top. The west side had a relief beneath the title 'BADAJOS' showing Picton scaling the walls with his men during the Battle of Badajoz in 1812. On the south side of the pedestal was a description of Picton's life in English. A Welsh version of his exploits was inscribed on the north side. Each side of the square pedestal was adorned with trophies. The top of the square column was adorned with imitative cannons on each side. Within a few years, the monument had fallen into a dilapidated state. The sculpted bas-reliefs proved "unable to withstand Carmarthen's inclement weather", according to local antiquarians. Although Baily made replacements, they were never put up. The entire pillar was taken down in 1846. In the 1970s, the replacement sculptures were rediscovered in Johnstown. They are now on display at Carmarthenshire County Museum. After demolition of the first monument, a new structure honouring Picton was commissioned. It was designed by architect Frances Fowler. The foundation stone was laid on Monument Hill in 1847. In 1984, the top section was declared to be unsafe and was taken down. Four years later, the whole monument was rebuilt stone-by-stone on stronger foundations. General Nott statue and plaque to Bishop Ferrar[edit] A statue of General Nott was erected in 1851. According to the PMSA, "The bronze statue was cast from cannon captured at the battle of Maharajpur. Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
gave 200 guineas to the memorial fund. The statue occupies the site of the market cross, which was dismantled when the market was resited and Nott Square created in 1846."[33] The Market Square was where Bishop Robert Ferrar of St Davids was executed in March 1555. A small plaque below the statue of General Nott commemorates the place where he was burned at the stake during the Marian Persecutions. Listed buildings[edit] The many listed buildings in the town include The Guildhall, Capel Heol Awst, Capel Heol Dŵr, Carmarthen, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Cemetery Chapel, Elim Independent Chapel, English Baptist Church, English Congregational Church, Penuel Baptist Chapel, Christ Church, Eglwys Dewi Sant, Church of St Mary and Eglwys Sant Ioan. Sport[edit] Motorcycle speedway
Motorcycle speedway
racing was staged in the early 2000s at a track built on the showgrounds on the western outskirts of the town. The team raced in the Conference League. The town has two rugby union teams – Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Quins and Carmarthen Athletic. The Quins currently play in the Welsh Premier Division league after their promotion to the Premiership in the 2008/2009 season. CPC Bears is a rugby league club based in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
and the regional side for Carmarthenshire, Pembrokeshire
Pembrokeshire
and Ceredigion. They play in the Welsh Premier Division of the Rugby League Conference. The town has a football team, Carmarthen Town F.C.
Carmarthen Town F.C.
which plays in the Welsh Premier League. It was founded in 1948 and has played at Richmond Park since 1952. The town also has two golf courses, a leisure centre with an eight-lane, 25-metre swimming pool that is the home of Carmarthen district swimming club, a synthetic athletics track, and an outdoor velodrome. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
has an athletics team, Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Harriers. A cycle track was established in the town about 1900 and remains in use. Transport[edit] Carmarthen railway station
Carmarthen railway station
is on the West Wales
Wales
Line. It opened in 1852. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
town is served by rail links to Cardiff
Cardiff
via Swansea to the east and Fishguard Harbour, Milford Haven, Tenby, Pembroke and Pembroke Dock
Pembroke Dock
to the west. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
town is served by daily direct intercity trains to London. It suffered a number of rail closures in the 1960s under the Beeching Axe. The one to Llandeilo
Llandeilo
closed in 1963 and one to Lampeter
Lampeter
and Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
in 1965. A number of major roads converge on Carmarthen, including the A40, A48, A484 and A485. The only motorway route in Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
is the M4 between London
London
and South Wales, as far as junction 49, the Pont Abraham services, then continuing northwest as the dual carriageway A48 to Carmarthen. Carmarthen
Carmarthen
is a stop on the Eurolines
Eurolines
bus route 890, which links a number of cities and towns in Munster
Munster
and South Leinster
Leinster
in Ireland
Ireland
to London. The service may be used to destinations in Ireland, but may not be used to other stops in Great Britain. There is also a Park and Ride
Park and Ride
service running daily from Monday to Saturday from 7.00 to 19.00 between Nantyci, to the west of Carmarthen town, and the town centre.[34] Town regeneration and redevelopment[edit] The former cattle market in the heart of the town has undergone regeneration. The new shopping centre opened on 30 April 2010.[35] The development includes a new multi-screen cinema, a Debenhams
Debenhams
department store, a market hall, restaurants and a multi-storey car park. The new market hall opened on 8 April 2009.[36] Notable people[edit]

See Category:People from Carmarthen See Category:People from Carmarthenshire

Joe Allen, Wales
Wales
and Stoke City FC midfielder Dorothea Bate, archaeozoologist Charles Brigstcke CB, British civil servant Fflur Dafydd, writer and musician Barry Davies, Ospreys full-back Gareth Davies, Scarlets
Scarlets
scrum-half Mark Delaney, former Wales
Wales
and Aston Villa defender Wynne Evans, opera singer, broadcaster, presenter and actor Rhod Gilbert, Perrier Award
Perrier Award
Best Newcomer-nominated comedian Rhodri Gomer-Davies, Scarlets
Scarlets
Centre Gorky's Zygotic Mynci, band formed in Carmarthen Geraint Griffiths, singer, songwriter and actor Elis James, comedian Stephen Jones, former Wales
Wales
rugby captain Kate McGill, singer/songwriter Daniel Mulloy, screenwriter and director John Nash, architect, living in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
from 1784 and working on several important buildings in the area Daniel Newton, Scarlets
Scarlets
fullback William Norton, former Wales
Wales
international rugby union player Ken Owens, Scarlets
Scarlets
hooker Rhys Priestland, Scarlets
Scarlets
full-back, making his Wales
Wales
senior team debut in 2011 Six Nations Championship against Scotland as a second-half replacement Iwan Rheon, actor (famous for his role in Game of Thrones) and singer/songwriter Byron Rogers, writer Matthew Stevens, snooker pro Nicky Stevens, member of pop group Brotherhood of Man Terence Thomas, Baron Thomas of Macclesfield, banker and politician Nik Turner, musician Tudur Aled, poet, buried in the Franciscan
Franciscan
Friars' graveyard, Carmarthen, in 1525 Philip Vaughan, ironmaster and inventor of the ball bearing Mary Wynne Warner, mathematician John Weathers, drummer Barry Williams, former British and Irish Lions hooker Scott Williams, Scarlets
Scarlets
Centre was in the Wales
Wales
senior team against the Barbarians on 4 June 2011 as a second-half replacement. David Glyndwr Tudor Williams, first full-time Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, 1989–1996.

Gallery[edit]

Guildhall Square, Carmarthen

The new market building opened April 2009.

Apollo Cinema - the most modern purpose built cinema in Europe.[37]

The Mount

County Hall - home of Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
County Council

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Castle

The Red Dragon art work on a roundabout

St Peter's Church

Lammas Street

Park and Ride
Park and Ride
Service

Statue of William Nott

See also[edit]

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Amateur Operatic Society

References[edit]

^ Carmarthen
Carmarthen
North, South and West wards 2011 http://ukcensusdata.com/carmarthenshirew06000010#sthash.KIAkXPeF.Zq1LWHU4.dpbs ^ a b  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carmarthen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  ^ Paxton, John (1999). The Penguin Encyclopedia of Places. Penguin. p. 174. ISBN 0-14-051275-6.  ^ a b Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales
Wales
Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.  ^ "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2010.  ^ "Roman treasure discovered on farm". BBC News. 17 June 2006. Retrieved 28 April 2010.  ^ Nennius (attrib.). Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(ed.). Historia Brittonum, VI. Composed after AD 830. (in Latin) Hosted at Latin Wikisource. ^ Veprauskas, Michael. [www.vortigernstudies.org.uk/artgue/mikecaer.htm "The Problem of Caer Guorthigirn" at Vortigern
Vortigern
Studies]. 1998. ^ James, Heather. "The Geography of the Cult of St David" in St David of Wales: Cult, Church and Nation, p. 68. Boydell Press, 2007. Accessed 26 March 2013. ^ Wade-Evans, Arthur. Welsh Medieval Law, p. 263. ^ Philip Ziegler, The Black Death, Penguin, 1969, p. 199. ^ [1] ^ "St John's Priory". Coflein Database Record. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. Retrieved 28 November 2016.  ^ "Site details: Carmarthen
Carmarthen
– Monastic Wales
Wales
– A Comprehensive Database of Sites and Sources". Monastic Wales. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ a b "Site details: Carmarthen
Carmarthen
– Monastic Wales
Wales
– A Comprehensive Database of Sites and Sources". Monastic Wales. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ a b c d e "TheGreyFriarsOf Carmarthen
Carmarthen
< Historian < Thayersfarm". Carmarthenshirehistorian.org. Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "People: Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond – Monastic Wales
Wales
– A Comprehensive Database of Sites and Sources". Monastic Wales. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "Remnants of Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Friary – article from – Monastic Wales – A Comprehensive Database of Sites and Sources". Monastic Wales. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "9/11 inspires trip to 'Merlin's Oak'". walesonline.co.uk. 1 October 2003. Retrieved 25 August 2013.  ^ Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
Archives Service: Mus.156a ^ Article in Welsh Biography Online, SPURRELL family, of Carmarthen, printers: https://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-SPUR-CAE-1775.html?query=spurrell&field=name ^ https://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-SPUR-CAE-1775.html ^ Williams, David (1939). John Frost: A study in Chartism. Cardiff: University of Wales
Wales
Press Board. pp. 100, 104, 107.  ^ "myADS". Archaeology Data Service. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "myADS". Archaeology Data Service. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "These towns have been named as the best places to live in Wales". Wales
Wales
Online.  ^ " Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town Council". Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Town Council. Retrieved 2018-03-09.  ^ "Discover Castle House". Discovering Carmarthenshire. Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
County Council. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.  ^ "St Peter's and its History". netministries.org. Retrieved 26 October 2013.  ^ "Towy Bridge (that part in Carmarthen
Carmarthen
Community), Llangunnor". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 21 September 2017.  ^ "Pont King Morgan". Lunemillenniumbridge.info. Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-03.  ^ "Pont King Morgan, Carmarthen". SteelConstruction.org. Archived from the original on 2015-01-03. Retrieved 2015-01-03.  ^ Public Monument and Sculpture Association on General Nott Statue from National Recording Project ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2015-05-09.  ^ "Carmarthen's £74m retail centre opens". BBC News. 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ "UK Wales
Wales
South West Wales
Wales
Revamp of the town cattle mart starts". BBC News. 2008-03-20. Retrieved 2014-02-10.  ^ [2] Archived May 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carmarthen.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Carmarthen.

Carmarthen
Carmarthen
travel guide from Wikivoyage Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
County Council Listed buildings Historical information and links on GENUKI

v t e

Carmarthenshire

Principal settlements

Ammanford Burry Port Carmarthen Kidwelly Laugharne Llanelli Llandeilo Newcastle Emlyn Llandovery Llanybydder St Clears Whitland

Towns and villages

Aber-arad Aber-giar Abergorlech Abergwili Abernant Alltwalis Ammanford Bancyfelin Bethlehem Betws Brechfa Bronwydd Brynamman Burry Port Caio Carmarthen Cefneithin Cenarth Cross Hands Cwmamman Dafen Eglwyscummin Ffarmers Ffaldybrenin Felinfoel Ferryside Five Roads Garnant Glanamman Gwynfe Horeb Kidwelly Llandeilo Llandovery Llandybie Llanelli Llanfihangel ar Arth Llanfynydd Llangain Llangennech Llangyndeyrn Llanllwch Llanllwni Llanpumsaint Llansawel Llansteffan Llanwrda Llwynhendy Manordeilo Myddfai Nantgaredig Newcastle Emlyn New Inn Pantyffynnon Pemberton Pembrey Pencader Pendine Peniel Pontarsais Pontyberem Pumsaint Rhydargaeau Rhydcymerau Sandy St Clears Talley Trelech

Buildings and structures

Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Scheduled Monuments

Castles

Carmarthen Carreg Cennen Dinefwr Dryslwyn Kidwelly Laugharne Llandovery Llansteffan

Rivers

Afon Cywyn Afon Loughor Afon Taf Afon Teifi Afon Tywi

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places SSSIs Country houses Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums

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Communities of Carmarthenshire

Abergwili Abernant Ammanford Betws Bronwydd Carmarthen Cenarth Cilycwm Cilymaenllwyd Cwmamman Cynwyl Elfed Cynwyl Gaeo Dyffryn Cennen Eglwyscummin Gorslas Henllanfallteg Kidwelly Laugharne
Laugharne
Township Llanarthney Llanboidy Llanddarog Llanddeusant Llanddowror Llandeilo Llandovery Llandybie Llandyfaelog Llanedi Llanegwad Llanelli Llanelli
Llanelli
Rural Llanfair-ar-y-bryn Llanfihangel Aberbythych Llanfihangel-ar-Arth Llanfihangel Rhos-y-Corn Llanfynydd Llangadog Llangain Llangathen Llangeler Llangennech Llangunnor Llangyndeyrn Llangynin Llangynog Llanllawddog Llanllwni Llannon Llanpumsaint Llansadwrn Llansawel Llansteffan Llanwinio Llanwrda Llanybydder Llanycrwys Manordeilo and Salem Meidrim Myddfai Newcastle Emlyn Newchurch and Merthyr Pembrey
Pembrey
and Burry Port
Burry Port
Town Pencarreg Pendine Pontyberem Quarter Bach St Clears St Ishmael Talley Trelech Trimsaran Whitland

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237263

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