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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(French: [kaʁ.ka.sɔn]; Occitan: Carcassona [kaɾkaˈsunɔ]; Latin: Carcaso) is a fortified town in the French department of Aude, in the region of Occitanie. It is the departmental prefecture. Inhabited since the Neolithic
Neolithic
period, Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is located in the Aude
Aude
plain between historic trade routes, linking the Atlantic to the Mediterranean sea
Mediterranean sea
and the Massif Central
Massif Central
to the Pyrénées. Its strategic importance was quickly recognized by the Romans, who occupied its hilltop until the demise of the Western Roman Empire. In the fifth century, it was taken over by the Visigoths, who founded the city. Its strategic location led successive rulers to expand its fortifications until the Treaty of the Pyrenees
Treaty of the Pyrenees
in 1659. The city is famous for the Cité de Carcassonne, a medieval fortress restored by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
in 1853 and added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.[1] Consequently, Carcassonne
Carcassonne
relies heavily on tourism but also counts manufacture and wine-making as some of its other key economic sectors.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Historical importance 4 Main sights

4.1 The fortified city 4.2 Other

5 Climate 6 Economy

6.1 Transport

7 Education 8 Language 9 Sport 10 In culture 11 Personalities 12 International relations

12.1 Twin towns – sister cities

13 References 14 External links

Geography[edit] Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is located in the south of France, about 80 kilometres east from the city of Toulouse. Its strategic location between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea has been known since the neolithic era. The town's area is about 65 km2 (25 sq mi), which is significantly larger than the numerous small towns in the department of Aude. The rivers Aude, Fresquel and the Canal du Midi
Canal du Midi
flow through the town. History[edit] The first signs of settlement in this region have been dated to about 3500 BC, but the hill site of Carsac – a Celtic place-name that has been retained at other sites in the south – became an important trading place in the 6th century BC. The Volcae Tectosages
Volcae Tectosages
fortified the oppidum.[citation needed] The folk etymology – involving a châtelaine named Carcas, a ruse ending a siege and the joyous ringing of bells ("Carcas sona") – though memorialized in a neo-Gothic sculpture of Mme. Carcas on a column near the Narbonne
Narbonne
Gate, is of modern invention. The name can be derived as an augmentative of the name Carcas. Carcassonne
Carcassonne
became strategically identified when Romans fortified the hilltop around 100 BC and eventually made the colonia of Julia Carsaco, later Carcasum (by the process of swapping consonants known as metathesis). The main part of the lower courses of the northern ramparts dates from Gallo-Roman times. In 462 the Romans officially ceded Septimania
Septimania
to the Visigothic king Theodoric II
Theodoric II
who had held Carcassonne
Carcassonne
since 453. He built more fortifications at Carcassonne, which was a frontier post on the northern marches; traces of them still stand. Theodoric is thought to have begun the predecessor of the basilica that is now dedicated to Saint Nazaire. In 508 the Visigoths successfully foiled attacks by the Frankish king Clovis. Saracens
Saracens
from Barcelona
Barcelona
took Carcassonne
Carcassonne
in 725, but King Pepin the Short
Pepin the Short
(Pépin le Bref) drove them away in 759-60; though he took most of the south of France, he was unable to penetrate the impregnable fortress of Carcassonne.[citation needed] A medieval fiefdom, the county of Carcassonne, controlled the city and its environs. It was often united with the County of Razès. The origins of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
as a county probably lie in local representatives of the Visigoths, but the first count known by name is Bello of the time of Charlemagne. Bello founded a dynasty, the Bellonids, which would rule many honores in Septimania
Septimania
and Catalonia for three centuries.

Cathars
Cathars
being expelled from Carcassonne
Carcassonne
in 1209

In 1067, Carcassonne
Carcassonne
became the property of Raimond-Bernard Trencavel, viscount of Albi
Albi
and Nîmes, through his marriage with Ermengard, sister of the last count of Carcassonne. In the following centuries, the Trencavel
Trencavel
family allied in succession either with the counts of Barcelona
Barcelona
or of Toulouse. They built the Château Comtal and the Basilica
Basilica
of St. Nazaire and St. Celse. In 1096, Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II
blessed the foundation stones of the new cathedral.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 10,400 —    

1800 15,219 +46.3%

1806 14,985 −1.5%

1821 15,752 +5.1%

1831 20,997 +33.3%

1836 22,623 +7.7%

1841 21,333 −5.7%

1846 21,607 +1.3%

1851 20,005 −7.4%

1856 19,915 −0.4%

1861 20,644 +3.7%

1866 22,173 +7.4%

1872 24,407 +10.1%

1876 25,971 +6.4%

1881 27,512 +5.9%

1886 29,330 +6.6%

1891 28,235 −3.7%

1896 29,298 +3.8%

1901 30,720 +4.9%

1906 30,976 +0.8%

1911 30,689 −0.9%

1921 29,314 −4.5%

1926 33,974 +15.9%

1931 34,921 +2.8%

1936 33,441 −4.2%

1946 38,139 +14.0%

1954 37,035 −2.9%

1962 40,897 +10.4%

1968 43,616 +6.6%

1975 42,154 −3.4%

1982 41,153 −2.4%

1990 43,470 +5.6%

1999 43,950 +1.1%

2008 47,634 +8.4%

Carcassonne
Carcassonne
became famous for its role in the Albigensian Crusades, when the city was a stronghold of Occitan Cathars. In August 1209 the crusading army of the Papal Legate, Abbot Arnaud Amalric, forced its citizens to surrender. Viscount
Viscount
Raymond-Roger de Trencavel
Trencavel
was imprisoned whilst negotiating his city's surrender and died in mysterious circumstances three months later in his own dungeon. The people of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
were allowed to leave - in effect, expelled from their city with nothing more than the shirt on their backs. Simon De Montfort was appointed the new viscount. He added to the fortifications. In 1240, Trencavel's son tried to reconquer his old domain, but in vain. The city submitted to the rule of the kingdom of France
France
in 1247. Carcassonne
Carcassonne
became a border fortress between France
France
and the Crown of Aragon under the Treaty of Corbeil (1258). King Louis IX founded the new part of the town across the river. He and his successor Philip III built the outer ramparts. Contemporary opinion still considered the fortress impregnable. During the Hundred Years' War, Edward the Black Prince failed to take the city in 1355, although his troops destroyed the Lower Town.[citation needed]

View of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
in the late 19th century.

In 1659, the Treaty of the Pyrenees
Treaty of the Pyrenees
transferred the border province of Roussillon
Roussillon
to France, and Carcassonne's military significance was reduced. Fortifications were abandoned, and the city became mainly an economic centre that concentrated on the woollen textile industry, for which a 1723 source quoted by Fernand Braudel found it "the manufacturing centre of Languedoc".[2] It remained so until the Ottoman market collapsed at the end of the eighteenth century, thereafter reverting to a country town.[3] Historical importance[edit] Carcassonne
Carcassonne
was the first fortress to use hoardings in times of siege. Temporary wooden ramparts would be fitted to the upper walls of the fortress through square holes beneath the rampart itself. It provided protection to defenders on the wall and allowed defenders to go out past the wall to drop projectiles on attackers at the wall beneath. Main sights[edit] The fortified city[edit]

Fortified City Wall

Main article: Cité de Carcassonne

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The fortified city itself consists essentially of a concentric design of two outer walls with 53 towers and barbicans to prevent attack by siege engines. The castle itself possesses its own drawbridge and ditch leading to a central keep. The walls consist of towers built over quite a long period.[4] One section is Roman and is notably different from the medieval walls with the tell-tale red brick layers and the shallow pitch terracotta tile roofs. One of these towers housed the Catholic Inquisition in the 13th century and is still known as "The Inquisition Tower". Carcassonne
Carcassonne
was demilitarised under Napoleon and the Restoration, and the fortified cité of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
fell into such disrepair that the French government decided that it should be demolished. A decree to that effect that was made official in 1849 caused an uproar. The antiquary and mayor of Carcassonne, Jean-Pierre Cros-Mayrevieille, and the writer Prosper Mérimée, the first inspector of ancient monuments, led a campaign to preserve the fortress as a historical monument. Later in the year the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, already at work restoring the Basilica
Basilica
of Saint-Nazaire, was commissioned to renovate the place. In 1853, work began with the west and southwest walls, followed by the towers of the porte Narbonnaise and the principal entrance to the cité. The fortifications were consolidated here and there, but the chief attention was paid to restoring the roofing of the towers and the ramparts, where Viollet-le-Duc ordered the destruction of structures that had encroached against the walls, some of them of considerable age. Viollet-le-Duc left copious notes and drawings on his death in 1879, when his pupil Paul Boeswillwald and, later, the architect Nodet continued the rehabilitation of Carcassonne. The restoration was strongly criticized during Viollet-le-Duc's lifetime. Fresh from work in the north of France, he made the error of using slates and restoring the roofs as point-free environment. Yet, overall, Viollet-le-Duc's achievement at Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is agreed to be a work of genius, though not of the strictest authenticity. Other[edit] Another bridge, Pont Marengo, crosses the Canal du Midi
Canal du Midi
and provides access to the railway station. Lac de la Cavayère has been created as a recreational lake and is about five minutes from the city centre.

The fortified city of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
and the Pont Vieux crossing the Aude river

Further sights include:

the Basilica
Basilica
of St. Nazaire and St. Celse Carcassonne
Carcassonne
Cathedral Church of St. Vincent

Climate[edit] Carcassonne
Carcassonne
has a hot-summer mediterranean climate typical of Southern France, with moderately wet and mild winters coupled with summers averaging above 28 °C (82 °F) during daytime with low rainfall.

Climate data for Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.1 (70) 23.6 (74.5) 27.3 (81.1) 31.0 (87.8) 35.2 (95.4) 39.8 (103.6) 40.2 (104.4) 41.9 (107.4) 36.4 (97.5) 31.0 (87.8) 26.2 (79.2) 22.4 (72.3) 41.9 (107.4)

Average high °C (°F) 9.7 (49.5) 11.1 (52) 14.4 (57.9) 17.0 (62.6) 21.0 (69.8) 25.4 (77.7) 28.6 (83.5) 28.3 (82.9) 24.5 (76.1) 19.3 (66.7) 13.5 (56.3) 10.2 (50.4) 18.6 (65.5)

Average low °C (°F) 3.1 (37.6) 3.5 (38.3) 5.6 (42.1) 7.7 (45.9) 11.4 (52.5) 14.8 (58.6) 17.2 (63) 17.0 (62.6) 14.0 (57.2) 11.2 (52.2) 6.6 (43.9) 3.8 (38.8) 9.7 (49.5)

Record low °C (°F) −12.5 (9.5) −15.2 (4.6) −7.5 (18.5) −1.6 (29.1) 0.9 (33.6) 6.0 (42.8) 8.4 (47.1) 8.2 (46.8) 2.9 (37.2) −2.0 (28.4) −6.8 (19.8) −12.0 (10.4) −15.2 (4.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.3 (2.728) 54.1 (2.13) 54.3 (2.138) 73.1 (2.878) 56.7 (2.232) 45.9 (1.807) 28.5 (1.122) 42.6 (1.677) 42.5 (1.673) 59.5 (2.343) 59.5 (2.343) 62.5 (2.461) 648.5 (25.531)

Average precipitation days 9.4 7.9 8.0 9.5 7.5 5.0 4.1 5.5 5.4 7.8 8.7 8.8 87.5

Average snowy days 2.1 2.1 0.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.4 7.4

Average relative humidity (%) 82 79 74 74 72 69 64 68 73 80 82 84 75.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 97.2 119.6 172.6 188.1 214.7 239.7 275.4 260.4 212.9 144.6 102.5 91.6 2,119.3

Source #1: Météo France[5][6]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[7]

Economy[edit]

Ville Basse from the walled city

The newer part (Ville Basse) of the city on the other side of the Aude river (which dates back to the Middle Ages, after the crusades) manufactures shoes, rubber and textiles. It is also the centre of a major AOC wine-growing region. A major part of its income, however, comes from the tourism connected to the fortifications (Cité) and from boat cruising on the Canal du Midi. Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is also home to the MKE Performing Arts Academy. Carcassonne
Carcassonne
receives about three million visitors annually. Transport[edit] In the late 1990s Carcassonne
Carcassonne
airport started taking budget flights to and from European airports and by 2009 had regular flight connections with Porto, Bournemouth, Cork, Dublin, Frankfurt-Hahn, London-Stansted, Liverpool,[8] East Midlands, Glasgow-Prestwick
Glasgow-Prestwick
and Charleroi. The Gare de Carcassonne
Gare de Carcassonne
railway station offers direct connections to Toulouse, Narbonne, Perpignan, Paris, Marseille
Marseille
and several regional destinations. The A61 motorway connects Carcassonne
Carcassonne
with Toulouse
Toulouse
and Narbonne. Education[edit]

École nationale de l'aviation civile

Language[edit] Historically, the language spoken in Carcassonne
Carcassonne
and throughout Languedoc- Roussillon
Roussillon
was not French but Occitan. Sport[edit] In 2016 Carcasonne was the starting point for stage 11 of the 2016 Tour de France, previously it was the starting point for a stage in the 2004 Tour de France
France
and a stage finish in the 2006 Tour de France. As in the rest of the southwest of France, rugby union is popular in Carcassonne. The city is represented by Union Sportive Carcassonnaise, known locally simply as USC. The club have a proud history, having played in the French Championship Final in 1925, and currently compete in Pro D2, the second tier of French rugby. Rugby league
Rugby league
is also played, by the AS Carcassonne
AS Carcassonne
club. They are involved in the Elite One Championship. Puig Aubert
Puig Aubert
is the most notable rugby league player to come from the Carcassonne
Carcassonne
club. There is a bronze statue of him outside the Stade Albert Domec
Stade Albert Domec
at which the city's teams in both codes play. In culture[edit]

The French poet Gustave Nadaud
Gustave Nadaud
made Carcassonne
Carcassonne
famous as a city. He wrote a poem about a man who dreamed of seeing but could not see before he died. His poem inspired many others and was translated into English several times.[9] Georges Brassens
Georges Brassens
has sung a musical version of the poem. Lord Dunsany
Lord Dunsany
wrote a short story "Carcassonne" (in A Dreamer's Tales) as did William Faulkner. On 6 March 2000 France
France
issued a stamp commemorating the fortress of Carcassonne.[10] The history of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is re-told in the novels Labyrinth, Sepulchre and Citadel by Kate Mosse. The board game series Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is named after this town, and depicts the architecture of the region. Portions of the 1991 film Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves were shot in and around Carcassonne. A 1993 album by Stephan Eicher
Stephan Eicher
was named Carcassonne. In the one-man show Sea Wall, starring Andrew Scott, Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is mentioned frequently as a setting.

Personalities[edit]

Paul Lacombe, composer, 1837 Théophile Barrau, sculptor, 1848 Paul Sabatier, co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1854 Suzanne Sarroca, (1927–), operatic soprano Gilbert Benausse, rugby league footballer, 1932 Michael Martchenko, illustrator, 1942 Maurice Sarrail, General of Division during the First World War, 1856 David Ferriol, rugby league player, 1979 Olivia Ruiz, pop singer, 1980 Fabrice Estebanez, rugby union player, 1981 Henry d'Estienne, Painter

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

France
France
portal

Carcassonne
Carcassonne
is twinned with:

Eggenfelden, Germany Baeza, Spain Hargesheim, Germany[11] Tallinn, Estonia

References[edit]

^ "Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne". UNESCO. Accessed 13 February 2014. ^ Fernand Braudel, The Wheels of Commerce 1982, vol. II of Civilization and Capitalism, Brian Anderson. ^ Faroqhi, Suraiya N. (2006). "Introduction". In Suraiya N. Faroqhi, ed., The Cambridge History of Turkey, Volume 3: The Later Ottoman Empire, 1603–1839, pp. 3–17. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62095-6.  See p. 4. ^ midi-france.info. "Historic Cities: Caracassonne". midi-france.info.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Carcassonne" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Climat Languedoc-Roussillon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Carcassonne-Salvaza (11) - altitude 126m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ Liverpool - Carcassonne ^ Clark, Francis E. (1922). Memories of Many Men in Many Lands. The Plimpton Press. p. 504. Retrieved 2013-03-08.  ^ Musée de La Poste Archived 18 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ La Dépêche Du Midi. " Carcassonne
Carcassonne
se trouve une jumelle" (in French). Retrieved 26 June 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Carcassonne.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carcassonne.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Carcassonne.

Virtual tour of the fortified walls of the city of Carcasonne Official website of the city of Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(in English) / (in French) / (in Spanish) / (in German) / (in Dutch) Cité de Carcassonne, from the French Ministry of Culture INSEE

v t e

Communes of the Aude
Aude
department

Aigues-Vives Airoux Ajac Alaigne Alairac Albas Albières Alet-les-Bains Alzonne Antugnac Aragon Argeliers Argens-Minervois Armissan Arques Arquettes-en-Val Artigues Arzens Aunat Auriac Axat Azille Badens Bages Bagnoles Baraigne Barbaira Belcaire Belcastel-et-Buc Belflou Belfort-sur-Rebenty Bellegarde-du-Razès Belpech Belvèze-du-Razès Belvianes-et-Cavirac Belvis Berriac Bessède-de-Sault La Bezole Bizanet Bize-Minervois Blomac Bouilhonnac Bouisse Bouriège Bourigeole Le Bousquet Boutenac Bram Brézilhac Brousses-et-Villaret Brugairolles Les Brunels Bugarach Cabrespine Cahuzac Cailhau Cailhavel Cailla Cambieure Campagna-de-Sault Campagne-sur-Aude Camplong-d'Aude Camps-sur-l'Agly Camurac Canet Capendu Carcassonne Carlipa Cascastel-des-Corbières La Cassaigne Cassaignes Les Cassés Castans Castelnaudary Castelnau-d'Aude Castelreng Caudebronde Caunes-Minervois Caunettes-en-Val Caunette-sur-Lauquet Caux-et-Sauzens Cavanac Caves Cazalrenoux Cazilhac Cenne-Monestiés Cépie Chalabre Citou Le Clat Clermont-sur-Lauquet Comigne Comus Conilhac-Corbières Conilhac-de-la-Montagne Conques-sur-Orbiel Corbières Coudons Couffoulens Couiza Counozouls Cournanel Coursan Courtauly La Courtète Coustaussa Coustouge Cruscades Cubières-sur-Cinoble Cucugnan Cumiès Cuxac-Cabardès Cuxac-d'Aude Davejean Dernacueillette La Digne-d'Amont La Digne-d'Aval Donazac Douzens Duilhac-sous-Peyrepertuse Durban-Corbières Embres-et-Castelmaure Escales Escouloubre Escueillens-et-Saint-Just-de-Bélengard Espéraza Espezel Fa Fabrezan Fajac-en-Val Fajac-la-Relenque La Fajolle Fanjeaux Félines-Termenès Fendeille Fenouillet-du-Razès Ferrals-les-Corbières Ferran Festes-et-Saint-André Feuilla Fitou Fleury Floure Fontanès-de-Sault Fontcouverte Fonters-du-Razès Fontiers-Cabardès Fontiès-d'Aude Fontjoncouse La Force Fournes-Cabardès Fourtou Fraisse-Cabardès Fraissé-des-Corbières Gaja-et-Villedieu Gaja-la-Selve Galinagues Gardie Generville Gincla Ginestas Ginoles Gourvieille Gramazie Granès Greffeil Gruissan Homps Hounoux Les Ilhes Issel Jonquières Joucou Labastide-d'Anjou Labastide-en-Val Labastide-Esparbairenque Labécède-Lauragais Lacombe Ladern-sur-Lauquet Lafage Lagrasse Lairière Lanet Laprade Laroque-de-Fa Lasbordes Lasserre-de-Prouille Lastours Laurabuc Laurac Lauraguel Laure-Minervois Lavalette Lespinassière Leuc Leucate Lézignan-Corbières Lignairolles Limousis Limoux Loupia La Louvière-Lauragais Luc-sur-Aude Luc-sur-Orbieu Magrie Mailhac Maisons Malras Malves-en-Minervois Malviès Marcorignan Marquein Marsa Marseillette Les Martys Mas-Cabardès Mas-des-Cours Massac Mas-Saintes-Puelles Mayreville Mayronnes Mazerolles-du-Razès Mazuby Mérial Mézerville Miraval-Cabardes Mirepeisset Mireval-Lauragais Missègre Molandier Molleville Montauriol Montazels Montbrun-des-Corbières Montclar Montferrand Montfort-sur-Boulzane Montgaillard Montgradail Monthaut Montirat Montjardin Montjoi Montlaur Montmaur Montolieu Montréal Montredon-des-Corbières Montséret Monze Moussan Moussoulens Mouthoumet Moux Narbonne Nébias Névian Niort-de-Sault Ornaisons Orsans Ouveillan Padern Palairac Palaja La Palme Paraza Pauligne Payra-sur-l'Hers Paziols Pécharic-et-le-Py Pech-Luna Pennautier Pépieux Pexiora Peyrefitte-du-Razès Peyrefitte-sur-l'Hers Peyrens Peyriac-de-Mer Peyriac-Minervois Peyrolles Pezens Pieusse Plaigne Plavilla La Pomarède Pomas Pomy Portel-des-Corbières Port-la-Nouvelle Pouzols-Minervois Pradelles-Cabardès Pradelles-en-Val Preixan Puginier Puichéric Puilaurens Puivert Quillan Quintillan Quirbajou Raissac-d'Aude Raissac-sur-Lampy La Redorte Rennes-le-Château Rennes-les-Bains Ribaute Ribouisse Ricaud Rieux-en-Val Rieux-Minervois Rivel Rodome Roquecourbe-Minervois Roquefère Roquefeuil Roquefort-de-Sault Roquefort-des-Corbières Roquetaillade Roubia Rouffiac-d'Aude Rouffiac-des-Corbières Roullens Routier Rouvenac Rustiques Saint-Amans Saint-André-de-Roquelongue Saint-Benoît Saint-Couat-d'Aude Saint-Couat-du-Razès Saint-Denis Sainte-Camelle Sainte-Colombe-sur-Guette Sainte-Colombe-sur-l'Hers Sainte-Eulalie Sainte-Valière Saint-Ferriol Saint-Frichoux Saint-Gaudéric Saint-Hilaire Saint-Jean-de-Barrou Saint-Jean-de-Paracol Saint-Julia-de-Bec Saint-Julien-de-Briola Saint-Just-et-le-Bézu Saint-Laurent-de-la-Cabrerisse Saint-Louis-et-Parahou Saint-Marcel-sur-Aude Saint-Martin-des-Puits Saint-Martin-de-Villereglan Saint-Martin-Lalande Saint-Martin-le-Vieil Saint-Martin-Lys Saint-Michel-de-Lanès Saint-Nazaire-d'Aude Saint-Papoul Saint-Paulet Saint-Pierre-des-Champs Saint-Polycarpe Saint-Sernin Saissac Sallèles-Cabardès Sallèles-d'Aude Salles-d'Aude Salles-sur-l'Hers Salsigne Salvezines Salza Seignalens La Serpent Serres Serviès-en-Val Sigean Sonnac-sur-l'Hers Sougraigne Souilhanels Souilhe Soulatgé Soupex Talairan Taurize Termes Terroles Thézan-des-Corbières La Tourette-Cabardès Tournissan Tourouzelle Tourreilles Trassanel Trausse Trèbes Treilles Tréville Tréziers Tuchan Val-de-Lambronne Valmigère Ventenac-Cabardès Ventenac-en-Minervois Véraza Verdun-en-Lauragais Verzeille Vignevieille Villalier Villanière Villardebelle Villardonnel Villar-en-Val Villar-Saint-Anselme Villarzel-Cabardès Villarzel-du-Razès Villasavary Villautou Villebazy Villedaigne Villedubert Villefloure Villefort Villegailhenc Villegly Villelongue-d'Aude Villemagne Villemoustaussou Villeneuve-la-Comptal Villeneuve-les-Corbières Villeneuve-lès-Montréal Villeneuve-Minervois Villepinte Villerouge-Termenès Villesèque-des-Corbières Villesèquelande Villesiscle Villespy Villetritouls Vinassan

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124343560 LCCN: n81053384 GND: 4009469-8 BNF:

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