, officially the ( tl|Lungsod ng ), is a
in the province
of , . According to the , it has a population of people.
It is the regional center of the Calabarzon
region. It is situated south of Manila
, west of Santa Cruz, Laguna
, north of San Pablo, Laguna
and east of Tagaytay
. The city is known as the "Spring Resort Capital of the Philippines"
because of its numerous hot spring resorts, which are mostly located in Barangays Pansol, Bucal, Bagong Kalsada, and Lingga.
According to the , the city has a population of people, making it the most populous local government unit in Laguna. It is the 5th densest city in the province with more than 2,600 people per square kilometer after San Pedro, Biñan, Cabuyao and Santa Rosa. Based on the overall rankings of the 2014 Cities and Municipalities Index, the city ranked 18th in the overall competitiveness (cities ranking) and 1st among cities in the Calabarzon
region. The city is known to be the Calabarzon's richest city, followed by Cabuyao City
, because of its numerous factories.
The City of Calamba is the hometown of the de facto
Philippine national hero
, José Rizal
The name of the city is derived from Tagalog
'', meaning a wide-mouthed earthen water jar
(also called ''balanga'' or ''banga'').
The origin of the name is reflected in the Calamba Jar
landmark in city plaza
, as well as the city's seal which depicts a water jar superimposed with a profile of José Rizal
The oldest part of Calamba is believed to be Barangay Sucol where its first settlers remained. With the arrival of Spaniards, the whole area was converted into a hacienda, then a part of Tabuco (present-day Cabuyao
). Calamba became an independent ''pueblo'' on August 28, 1742, and formed into the town of Calamba in 1770. In 1813, Calamba was placed in the hands of "''encargados''" by the Dominican Brothers, who divided into portions and sold the haciendas to the natives during the American regime.
During the Japanese occupation in World War II
, the city was the location of a massacre committed by the Imperial Japanese Army
, in which at least 2,000 civilians were killed. The St. John the Baptist Church
, established in 1859, was burned by the Japanese during World War II. It was reconstructed by Fr. Eliseo Dimaculangan. It was the christening site of José Rizal
. The original baptismal font has been preserved and refurbished.
After a process of more than seven years, Calamba became the second component city of the Laguna by virtue of Republic Act No. 9024, "''An Act Converting the Municipality of Calamba, Province of Laguna into a Component City to be known as the City of Calamba''." R.A. 9024 was signed into law by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
on March 5, 2001, at the Malacañan Palace
. The Commission on Elections
(COMELEC) then set the plebiscite
for Calamba's cityhood on April 21, 2001 where 15,056 residents participated. 3,413 or 22.67% voted "''No''" while the remaining 77.33% voted "''Yes"'' to Calamba's conversion into a component city.
Events leading to Cityhood
As early as 1994, the town's Sangguniang Bayan approved Resolution No. 60, Series of 1994 requesting the Senate of the Philippines
through its president and the House of Representatives
through its speaker to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba's conversion into a city. It was only after two years that another resolution, Resolution No. 115 was passed requesting then Congressman Joaquin M. Chipeco
Jr, to co-sponsor a bill for Calamba's cityhood and requesting the Sangguniang Panlalawigan for their comments and recommendations regarding the matter. Another two years passed before House Bill No. 986 and Senate bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 were filed in the House of Representatives by Congressman Chipeco and Senate of the Philippines by Senators Franklin M. Drilon
and Sergio Osmeña III
It was only in the year 2000 that the motion for Calamba's cityhood was fast tracked. Then Mayor Severino J. Lajara requested favorable endorsement of House Bill No. 986 from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan on January 3, 2000. The Sangguniang Bayan also endorsed House Bill No. 986 and Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and also requested favorable endorsement from the Sangguniang Panlalawigan in the same month. A month passed and Mayor Lajara sent a follow-up letter to then Vice Governor Teresita "Ningning" Lazaro
on updates regarding the matter.
On March 8, the House Committee on Local Government approved House Bill No. 986 on 2nd reading at a hearing held at Hotel Rembrandt, Quezon City. The same House Committee conducted a public hearing on House Bill No. 986 at the Calamba Elementary School (Central II) gymnasium on March 23, approving the House Bill in principle. House Bill 986 was deliberated in April by the House of Representatives in plenary session and approved as House Bill No. 10661, which was then filed with the Senate of the Philippines in June.
The year 2001 came and brought about approval on 2nd reading of Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 in a hearing held on February 5 at the Ambrocio Padilla Hall, Senate of the Philippines. Three days later, February 8, Senate Bill Nos. 1630 and 1791 and House Bill No. 10661 was deliberated in Plenary Session and was approved as Republic Act No. 9024.
[Cityhood of Calamba http://www.calambacity.gov.ph/About-the-City/Cityhood-of-Calamba/ ]
Designation as regional center
The city was declared the regional center of the Calabarzon
region by then President Gloria Arroyo
by virtue of Executive Order No. 246, dated October 28, 2003.
Calamba lies on the northern slopes of Mount Makiling
, a dormant volcano. The southern terminus of the South Luzon Expressway
is in Calamba and this geographic position makes the city a gateway to the southern provinces of Luzon. The highway at the end of the South Luzon Expressway leads east to the other towns of Laguna and south towards the provinces of Batangas
The city is bordered by Cabuyao
to the north, Los Baños
to the east, by the province of Batangas
to the south, specifically the cities of Tanauan
and Santo Tomas
, and the municipality of Talisay
, and by the province of Cavite
to the west, with the city of Tagaytay
and the municipality of Silang
. Laguna de Bay
, the country's largest lake, forms the city's northeast border. The provincial capital, Santa Cruz
, is located by road to the east.
Calamba covers a total land area of , making it is the second-largest city in Laguna province in terms of land area after San Pablo
Calamba City is politically subdivided into 54 barangays, the smallest administrative unit in the city.
Calamba has a tropical monsoon climate
(type ''Am''), with a short dry season and a longer rainy season. The dry season lasts only from January to April, and the rest of the year is characterized by high levels of rainfall.
Like other cities in the Philippines
, Calamba City is governed by a city mayor and city vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The city mayor is the executive head who leads the city's departments in the execution of city ordinances and in the delivery of public services. The city vice mayor heads a legislative council that is composed of 12 members: 10 councilors and two ''ex-officio'' offices: one for the Sangguniang Kabataan Federation
President, representing the youth sector, and one for the Association of Barangay Chairmen
President as the barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions.
By virtue of Republic Act no. 11078, Calamba has been separated from the 2nd District
to form its own, the Lone district of the City of Calamba.
The 2016 local elections in Calamba City, held on May 13, 2019, replaced some members of the city government, primarily on the members of the city council. The mayor and vice mayor ran unopposed.
Elected officials for the 2019–2022 term are:
List of mayors of Calamba
The then Mayors and political leaders of Calamba are:
Official Seal of Calamba City
The seal of the City of Calamba has evolved and has been modified throughout the years. From being a municipality to a component city, a new seal was necessary to symbolize the new thrust of Calamba. In a citywide seal-making contest, Reyjon de Guzman emerged as winner, for his work best symbolized the ideals, pride and achievements of the city. Each color, shape, number and object has its own meaning relative to what is Calamba in the past, present and future.
* Shield Shape – The shield shape in the center, with a slight circular bottom, flat top and curved edges at the top corners project solidity and congruence.
* Banga shaped twined with Dr. Jose Rizal's image – The historical ambience is depicted in this twin image. The abstract represents the influence of Dr. Jose Rizal and the Banga in the history of the City of Calamba.
* Numbers – the engraved "1742" mentions the year when Calamba was founded and seceded from the town of Cabuyao, while "2001" was identified as the year of Calamba's cityhood.
* Objects – the mountain in the background and the water current at the bottom part relate to land and water resources of the city pertain to the vast natural resources of Mount Makiling
and the aquatic benefits of Laguna de Bay. The water beneath Mt. Makiling shows that Calamba City touches a body of water notably Laguna de Bay
, the largest lake in the country, and that's why Calamba City is also known as the "City by the Lake". The silhouette image of rice field on the left and the industrial buildings on the right symbolizing Calamba City's rapid modernization, urbanization, and industrialization. With both signs located beside each other, it shows everyone that nature and progress can efficiently coexist in Calamba City.
* Colors – Except for silver grey and metallic gold, all others are similar with the national seal. However, additional meanings are attached to each.
* Metallic Gold – This represents the radiating image of Dr. Jose Rizal and Banga that reflects in the minds and deeds of Calambeños.
* Red – This symbolizes the burning patriotism of residents as exemplified by Rizal.
* Blue – As land and water represent wealth and prosperity, the color blue signifies productivity and tranquility of the constituents.
* Silver Grey – This represents the transformation of development from an agricultural pueblo in the 1700s to an agro-industrial town in the 1900s and finally to an industrial city.
* White – This projects purity, transparency, efficiency and prudence pertaining to governance.
* Calamba City has a golden edge etched at the upper half with the words Lungsod ng Calamba depicting Calamba City as a Philippine component city. Laguna at the bottom part means that Calamba City is still part of Laguna province.
The population of Calamba City is fast-growing with an intercensal growth rate of 5% from 1995 to 2000, repeated and more in subsequent decades (except for 2007 to 2010 census).
According to the , Calamba has a population of inhabitants, making it the most populated town in Laguna province, followed by Santa Rosa
, Biñan City
, San Pedro City
, Cabuyao City
, and San Pablo
. Calamba City is the 24th most populated city
in the Philippines.
Calamba is predominantly Roman Catholic
(84.22%), followed by Members Church of God International
(MCGI or ADD)(4.5%), Protestants (3.43%), Iglesia Ni Cristo (3.14%), and Islam (0.26%).
Calamba City is known today as the "Richest City in Calabarzon", (according to the 2014 Commission on Audit Annual Audit Report), as it registered a total income of ₱2,501,048,126.00. Calamba is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms.
The major income sources comes from manufacturing and economic plants, tourism, agriculture and services. There are many manufacturing and economic plants located in upland barangays like Canlubang
, La Mesa
As of December 31, 2013, there are 83 banking offices operating in the city that offers banking services to businesses and residents according to Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation
. Calamba is the top city in Calabarzon with total deposits amounting to 29,632,884 in thousand pesos from 374,122 accounts.
Industries and manufacturing
thumb|Carmelray Industrial Park 1 in Brgy. Canlubang
The city is a haven for industries. Considered as the heart of Calabarzon due to the number of companies housed in its area, Calamba City is one of the premiere industrial hubs outside of Metro Manila
. Some of the industrial parks located in the city are:
* Allegis IT Park (Barangay Milagrosa)
* Calamba Premiere International Park
(Barangay Batino, Barandal and Prinza)
* Canlubang Industrial Estate
* Carmelray Industrial Park 1
* Carmelray Industrial Park 2
(Barangay Milagrosa & Punta)
* Carmelray International Business Park (Barangay Canlubang)
* Filinvest Technology Park (Barangay Punta, Burol & Bubuyan)
* Light Industry and Science Park of the Philippines
II (Barangay Real & Lamesa)
* NYK-TDG IT Park (Barangay Canlubang)
* SMPIC Special Economic Zone (Barangay Paciano Rizal)
* YTMI Realty Special Economic Zone (Barangay Makiling)
Calamba City is also considered as one of the "Next Wave Cities" for outsourcing firms and call centers, among them are Accenture
and SPi Technologies
Commerce and trade
Aside from the Crossing area in Barangay Uno, Barangays Real and Parian are also bustling with business structures, including SM City Calamba, Walter Mart Calamba and Liana's Discount Center Calamba.
Notable shopping centers and travel agencies in Calamba also include Southern Sky Travel & Tours (Calamba Headquarters), Walter Mart Makiling, SM Savemore Parian, Puregold Halang, Puregold Calamba Crossing, Checkpoint Mall, and iMall Canlubang among others.
Food processing plants in Calamba like Zenith Foods Corp. (central commissary of Jollibee Foods Corporation
), where its sauces and food products (i.e. burger, pies, fries, etc.) are first made before distributing to Jollibee outlets is currently the most advanced food processing plant in the Philippines and one of the best in Asia. Other food and beverage processing plants in Calamba are Rebisco, RC Cola, Monde-M.Y. San Corporation and Zest-O Corporation.
Some of the semiconductor companies are also located in Calamba. To name a few, they are Samsung Electronics
Philippines, Continental Temic Electronics Philippines, Toshiba
Storage Device Philippines Inc., ST Microelectronics
(formerly Philips Electronics), Fuji Electric Philippines, NEC Tokin Electronics, NEC Toppan Circuit Solutions and Austriamicrosystems Phils.
Automobile manufacturer that have plants located in Calamba City are Asian Transmission Corporation and Suzuki
, the leading global beauty company has a manufacturing plant (Avon Products Manufacturing) located at Calamba Premiere International Park.
The Buhayani Festival, the oﬃcial festival of the City of Calamba was the brainchild of Mayor Justin Marc SB. Chipeco during his ﬁrst year as Mayor in 2013. Mayor Timmy wanted the city to have a festival that will best characterize its culture, progress and tourism potential. He wanted to capitalize on the city's historical heritage as the birthplace of unofficial Philippine National Hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. Thus, the Buhayani Festival was born.
The term "BUHAYANI" was coined by joining two Filipino words, ''"buhay"'' meaning life or the state of being alive and lively and ''"bayani"'' or hero. The festival's tagline "Buhay ng Bayani, Buháy na Bayani" literally translates to "Life of the Hero"pertaining to the life of our famous kababayan, Dr. Jose Rizal and "Living Hero"which refers to the common man who has the capacity and potential to become everyday heroes in their own small ways.
"We want everyone who revere our kababayan, Dr. Jose Rizal to come to Calamba and join us in honouring him on his birthday and in celebrating the modern Rizal in us. We want to make our National Hero modern and relevant in today’s challenging times and we want to celebrate the spirit of heroism that lives in each Filipino, not just in us Calambeños," Mayor Chipeco was quoted saying.
Diﬀerent activities were lined up for this year's Buhayani Festival—Kuwentong Bayani for selected Grade 5 students, Talinong Rizal Quiz Bee, Buhayani Football Cup, Independence Day Job Fair, SayawIndak Street Dancing Competition, Marching Band Competition, Baile de Gala, Hawig Rizal (Rizal Look-a-Like), Buhayani Eye Care Mission and a whole lot more. Highlighting this year's celebration is the Morning Program wherein Philippine National Police Chief, Director General Ronald "Bato" Dela Rosa is the Guest of Honor and Speaker. A special wreath-laying ceremony shall also commence at the Museo ni Rizal sa Calamba after a simultaneous floral oﬀering at ﬁve diﬀerent Rizal monuments around the city.
"Jose Rizal is not just the pride of Calamba, he is the pride of the entire country as he was the Greatest Malay to have lived. His works, teachings and ideals have inspired and will continue to inspire us as we strive to live up to his ideals of nationalism and love of country. In the Buhayani Festival, we celebrate an ideal and an advocacy that through this festival, we can rekindle the ﬁre of patriotism and heroism in the hearts of every Filipino. Come to Calamba – retrace history’s footsteps, rediscover the richness and uniqueness of our heritage, ﬁre up our Filipino pride and be inspired to share and spread what you have experienced and be part of the force that will bring about a renewed love of country in every Filipino," Mayor Chipeco challenged.
File:CalambaCityjf2751 08.JPG|Calamba City Hall
File:Calamba Church.jpg|Saint John Baptist Church (Calamba Church)
File:401Calamba, Laguna Town Proper Landmarks 09.jpg|Calamba Claypot
File:The wake park at Nuvali in Laguna.jpg|Republic Wakepark Canlubang
File:Rizal Shrine Outdoor (Calamba, Laguna).jpg|Rizal Shrine
Calamba is the location of José Rizal
's birthplace, Rizal Shrine
, found in the ''poblacion'' (city proper), and St. John the Baptish Parish Church
, the location of Rizal's baptism. A park built to commemorate José Rizal, Rizal Park
(or the Plaza) hosts a tall statue of Rizal, with the number symbolizing the 22 languages and dialects used by Rizal. The statue sits on top of a 15-step podium, symbolizing one decade since Rizal was born. The monument was once cited as the tallest Jose Rizal Monument in the World,
until a monument of Rizal was built in Santa Cruz, Laguna
for the Palarong Pambansa 2014
. The monument was inaugurated by President Benigno Aquino III
in preparation for the Jose Rizal's sesquicentennial birth anniversary on June 19, 2011.
Other tourist attractions include the Calamba Claypot
(''Banga'' or ''Calambanga''), a large pot that is the namesake of the city, Republic Wakepark, a water sports park in the Nuvali mixed-use residential development in Canlubang, and Calamba Island
, an islet off Laguna de Bay.
Being near to Mount Makiling
, Calamba also hosts hot spring resorts, concentrated at barangays Pansol, Bucal and Bagong Kalsada near the boundary with Los Baños.
s, buses, and jeepney
s, are popular modes of transportation in Calamba.
Calamba is served by the Philippine National Railways
(PNR) Metro Commuter Line
. Stations include:
, at the city proper. This will serve as the terminal for the North–South Commuter Railway
(NSCR) and a stop for intercity trains headed for Bicol and Batangas.
* Pansol - flag stop, served by trains between Manila and the International Rice Research Institute
(IRRI) in Los Baños
The only expressway on Calamba is the South Luzon Expressway
(SLEX), which passes through the city with 3 exits. SLEX is part of AH26
up to Calamba Exit.
Main national highways includes the Maharlika Highway (Daang Maharlika) or National Highway, which passes through the city and curves toward Santo Tomas
, Calamba-Santa Cruz–Famy Road (also called "National Highway") links Calamba with Los Baños
and Santa Cruz
Other arterial roads includes Chipeco Avenue and Extension, which passes near the city hall, Calamba–Tagaytay Road, a road leading to Tagaytay via the Tagaytay Highlands, and Mayapa–Canlubang Cadre Road
, a spur of Maharlika Highway serving Canlubang and Canlubang/Mayapa Exit (Exit 47)
Proposed expressways include the Calamba–Los Baños Expressway
, which spurs from SLEX
Extension (Calamba Exit), traverses along Laguna de Bay
and ends on a national highway at Bay
, and Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike
, an expressway and dike that will run on the coast of Laguna de Bay
. The projects will cost an estimated ₱
5.9 billion ($
131.11 million) and ₱
18.59 billion ($
File:Calamba,Lagunajf2637 04.JPG|Stop Light in Halang
File:Canlubang-Mayapa SLEX exit.jpg|SLEX Calamba Mayapa Exit
File:Paciano Rizal at Night.jpg|Checkpoint, captured at Paseo De Calamba in Paciano Rizal
There are 9 private and 1 government-run hospitals in Calamba. Some of the health centers in the city are the Calamba Medical Center, Calamba Doctors' Hospital
, Pamana Golden Care Hospital, St. John the Baptist Hospital, San Jose Hospital and Trauma Center, St. Marks Hospital Medical Center, Holy Angel General Hospital, CH Garcia Medical and Diagnostic Center, Dr. Jose Rizal Memorial Hospital, and Jose Yulo Foundation Canlubang Industrial Hospital...
Utilities and communication
Communication concerns are managed by different agencies found in the city: postal affairs rests on the Philippine Postal Corp. with three operating offices located in Barangays. Canlubang, Mayapa and the main office located at the back of City Hall. Telecommunications as well as internet connections are under the three major telecom companies such as PLDT, Globe Telecom, Smart Communications and Sun Cellular for Digitel. Aside from these, print and radio services are also present, with Calambalita DZLN-AM and DZJV – a local radio station catering to the whole Calabarzon area.
A major part of the city is currently served by Meralco, with two substations of the company located in Brgys Mayapa and Brgy 1 facilitate the flow of power throughout the entire city. All the 54 barangays are equipped with electricity, with only a few barangays such as part of Canlubang, Pansol, Bucal and Lecheria under NAPOCOR.
A big part of the City is served by the Calamba Water District, providing water to 23,655 households, 1,238 commercial establishments and 53 public buildings. Most of the city's water supply comes from the faucet community water system.
File:2680Calamba City Laguna Roads Landmarks Barangays 26.jpg|AMA Computer College Calamba White Bldg.
File:ACC Annex.JPG|Asian Computer College Annex Bldg.
File:CityCollegeofCalambajf3164 04.JPG|City College of Calamba
File:9908Calamba City Roads Barangays Landmarks 38.jpg|Citi Clobal College Annex
File:1809Calamba City Laguna Roads Landmarks Barangays 05.jpg|Don Bosco College, Canlubang
File:LCBA Quad.jpg|Laguna College Business and Arts
File:302Calamba, Laguna Town Proper Landmarks 06.jpg|Liceo de Calamba
File:2094Calamba City Canlubang Roads Landmarks Barangays 46.jpg|Mary Help of Christians, Canlubang
File:2204Calamba City Canlubang Roads Landmarks Barangays 48.jpg|University of Perpetual Help System - Dalta
File:Xavier School Nuvali.jpg|Xavier School Nuvali
Calamba has a literacy rate of 98.9%. , there are 120 elementary schools, 51 of which are public and 69 private. There are 50 secondary schools, 16 public and 34 private. Post-secondary education include 17 universities and colleges, and 9 technical and vocational schools.
The city has four NCAA affiliate schools that set up branches in the city, namely as the Colegio de San Juan de Letran (Calamba Campus), Lyceum of the Philippines University (Laguna Campus), San Sebastian College – Recoletos (Canlubang Campus) and University of Perpetual Help System DALTA (Calamba Campus).
Some private schools that are also located in Calamba are City College of Calamba, Don Bosco College, Canlubang, Calamba Institute, Laguna College of Business and Arts, Saint Benilde International School, Asian Computer College, Inc., Asian Institute of Computer Studies, Inc. Active Community Contributor Calamba Churchitute, Inc. and the new university National University - Laguna, Philippine Women's University Saint John Colleges,Maranatha Christian Academy. In Nuvali Calamba, there are two other schools located which are the Miriam College and Xavier School. In the near future, Everest Academy, a renowned Catholic and international school will also open its second campus in Nuvali.
The City College of Calamba is the only public college in the city.
* José Rizal – Philippine national hero, nationalist and reformist
* Paciano Rizal – military general and revolutionary, and the older brother of José Rizal
* Delfina Herbosa de Natividad – one of the three women, together with Marcela Agoncillo and her daughter Lorenza, who seamed together the Flag of the Philippines. Niece of José Rizal.
* Vicente Lim – World War II Brigadier General
* Leopoldo B. Uichanco – Second Filipino Dean of UP College of Agriculture, Father of Philippine Entomology
* Dolores Ramirez – National Scientist of the Philippines for Biochemical Genetics & Cytogenetics
* Bienvenido O. Juliano – National Scientist of the Philippines for Biochemistry
* Severino Lajara – First City Mayor, Architect of Calamba's Development and Mayor of the Masses
* Dominador E. Chipeco, Sr. - 12th Governor of Laguna
* Restituto L. Luna – 14th Governor of Laguna
* Teresita S. Lazaro – 16th Governor of Laguna
* Ramil L. Hernandez – 18th Governor of Laguna
* Ronnie Alcano professional pool player
* ARURAY- Comedy Actress
* Palito – Filipino comedian and actor
* Teody Belarmino – Filipino film actor
* Menggie Cobarrubias – Filipino film and television actor
* Therese Malvar – Filipina actress
* Lester Avan Andrada – Film actor
* Thea Tolentino – actress, Protégé: The Battle For The Big Artista Break winner
* Jeric Gonzales – actor, Protégé: The Battle For The Big Artista Break winner
* Sam Mangubat – Filipino singer, 2nd placer of Tawag ng Tanghalan
File:Jose rizal 01.jpg|Dr. Jose Rizal
File:Brigadier General Vicente Lim.jpg|Gen. Vicente Lim
File:Ronato Alcano.jpg|Ronato "Ronnie" Alcano
* Bacoor, Cavite
* Biñan, Laguna
* Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija
* Cabuyao, Laguna
* Imus, Cavite
* Mabalacat, Pampanga
* Mabitac, Laguna
* Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental
* Guri, South Korea
* Wilhelmsfeld, Germany
Calamba Profile at PhilAtlas.com
Calamba City Business Directory Website
* Philippine Standard Geographic Codebr>Philippine Census Information
Local Governance Performance Management System
Visit Laguna – Tourist Spot in Laguna, things to do in Laguna
Category:Cities in Laguna (province)
Category:Populated places established in 1742
Category:1742 establishments in the Philippines
Category:Populated places on Laguna de Bay
Category:Component cities in the Philippines