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Busan
Busan
(Korean pronunciation: [pu.sɐn]), formerly known as Pusan and now officially Busan
Busan
Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants. It is the economic, cultural and educational center of southeastern Korea, with its port—Korea's busiest and the 9th-busiest in the world[a]—only about 120 miles (190 km) from the Japanese islands of Kyushu
Kyushu
and Honshu. The surrounding "Southeast Economic Zone" (including Ulsan
Ulsan
and South Gyeongsang) is now South Korea's largest industrial area. Busan
Busan
is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county, together housing a population of approximately 3.6 million. The full metropolitan area, including the adjacent cities of Gimhae and Yangsan, has a population of approximately 4.6 million. The most densely built-up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong and the Suyeong Rivers, with mountains separating most of the districts. The Nakdong is Korea's longest river and Busan's Haeundae Beach
Haeundae Beach
is also the country's largest. Busan
Busan
is a center for international conventions, hosting APEC in 2005. It is also a center for sports tournaments in Korea, having hosted the 2002 Asian Games
2002 Asian Games
and FIFA World Cup. It is home to the world's largest department store, the Shinsegae
Shinsegae
Centum City.[6]

Contents

1 Names 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Administrative divisions 5 Economy

5.1 Shopping and commerce 5.2 Major department stores 5.3 Premium outlets 5.4 Major large discount stores

6 Educational facilities

6.1 Universities with graduate schools 6.2 Other institutes of higher education 6.3 Foreign schools

7 Culture and attractions

7.1 Parks, beaches, and highlights 7.2 Temples, religious and historical sites 7.3 Arts 7.4 Museums 7.5 Traditional cuisine 7.6 Hot spring resorts and spas

8 Religion 9 Communications 10 Sports

10.1 Baseball 10.2 Football 10.3 Basketball 10.4 Thoroughbred racing 10.5 Bicycle racing

11 Festivals and events 12 Medical facilities

12.1 Major medical centers

13 Transportation

13.1 Bus 13.2 Sea 13.3 National railway 13.4 Metro 13.5 Air

14 International relations

14.1 Twin towns and sister cities 14.2 Friendship cities 14.3 Sister ports

15 See also 16 Notes 17 References

17.1 Citations 17.2 Bibliography

18 External links

Names[edit] The name "Busan" is the Revised Romanization
Revised Romanization
of the city's Korean name since the late 15th century.[7] It officially replaced the earlier McCune-Reischauer
McCune-Reischauer
romanization Pusan[8] in 2000.[b] The name 釜山 (now written 부산 using the hangul syllabary) is Sino-Korean for "Cauldron Mountain", believed to be a former name of Mt Hwangryeong (황령산, 荒嶺山, Hwangryeong-san) west of the city center. The area's ancient state Mt Geochil (거칠산국, 居柒山國, Geochilsan-guk, "Rough-Mountain Land") is similarly thought to refer to the same mountain, which towers over the town's harbor on the Suyeong. (The later Silla
Silla
district of Geochilsan-gun was renamed Dongnae
Dongnae
in 757.) History[edit]

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Gwangan Bridge

Busan
Busan
at night

Busan
Busan
harbour painted in 1899

Mt Geochil (Geochilsan-guk) is recorded as a chiefdom of the Jinhan Confederacy
Jinhan Confederacy
in the 2nd–4th centuries. It was absorbed by Silla
Silla
and organized as a district (gun). The grave goods excavated from mounded burials at Bokcheon-dong indicate that a complex chiefdom ruled by powerful individuals was present in the Busan
Busan
area in the 4th century, just as Korea's Three Kingdoms were forming. The mounded burials of Bokcheon-dong were built along the top of a ridge that overlooks a wide area that makes up parts of modern-day Dongnae-gu
Dongnae-gu
and Yeonje-gu. Archaeologists excavated more than 250 iron weapons and ingots from Burial No. 38, a wooden chamber tomb at Bokcheon-dong. From the beginning of the 15th century, the Korean government designated Busan
Busan
as a trading port with the Japanese and allowed their settlement. Other Japanese settlements in Ulsan
Ulsan
and Jinhae
Jinhae
diminished later, but the Busan
Busan
settlement continued until Japan
Japan
invaded Korea in 1592. After the war, diplomatic relations with the new shogunate in Japan
Japan
were established in 1607, and Busan
Busan
was permitted to be reconstructed. The Japanese settlement, though relocated into Choryang later, continued to exist until Korea was exposed to modern diplomacy in 1876. In 1876, Busan
Busan
became the first international port in Korea under the terms of the Treaty of Ganghwa. During the Japanese rule, Busan
Busan
developed into a hub trading port with Japan. Busan
Busan
was the only city in Korea to adopt the steam tramway before electrification was introduced in 1924.[verification needed] During the Korean War, Busan
Busan
was one of only two cities in South Korea not captured by the North Korean army
North Korean army
within the first three months of the War. As a result, the city became a refugee camp site for Koreans during the war, along with Daegu.[12] As Busan
Busan
was one of the few areas in Korea that remained under the control of South Korea
South Korea
throughout the Korean War, for some time it served as a temporary capital of the Republic of Korea. UN troops established a defensive perimeter around the city known as the Pusan Perimeter in the summer and autumn of 1950. Since then, like Seoul, the city has been a self-governing metropolis and has built a strong urban character. In 1963, Busan
Busan
separated from Gyeongsangnam-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
to become a Directly Governed City (Jikhalsi). In 1983, the provincial capitol of Gyeongsangnam-do
Gyeongsangnam-do
was moved from Busan
Busan
to Changwon. In 1995, Busan
Busan
became a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi).

Panorama of Busan
Busan
from Busan
Busan
Tower

Geography[edit]

View from Geumjeong Mountain.

Busan
Busan
is located on the Southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula. It is located on the coast, which determined the development of the whole city itself. It is the nearest of South Korea's six largest cities to Japan. The distance as the crow flies from Busan
Busan
to Tsushima Island, Japan, is about 49.5 km (31 mi), to Fukuoka, Japan, about 180 km (112 mi), and by contrast, to Seoul
Seoul
about 314 km (195 mi). Busan
Busan
borders low mountains on the north and west, and the seas on the south and east. The Nakdong River
Nakdong River
Delta is located on the west side of the city, and Geumjeongsan, the highest mountain in the city, on the north. The Nakdong River, South Korea's longest river, flows through the west and empties into the Korea Strait. The southeastern region, called Yeongnam in Korea, encompasses both Gyeongsang Provinces and 3 metropolitan cities of Busan, Daegu
Daegu
and Ulsan. Ulsan
Ulsan
lies northeast of Busan. Combined population exceeds 13 million. Climate[edit]

Busan
Busan
(1981–2010)

Climate chart (explanation)

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    34     8 −1

    50     10 1

    81     13 5

    133     18 10

    157     22 14

    207     24 18

    317     27 22

    255     29 23

    158     26 20

    58     22 14

    46     16 8

    23     11 2

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in mm

Imperial conversion

J F M A M J J A S O N D

    1.4     46 31

    2     50 34

    3.2     56 41

    5.2     65 50

    6.2     71 57

    8.1     76 64

    12     81 71

    10     85 74

    6.2     79 67

    2.3     72 57

    1.8     61 46

    0.9     51 36

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation
Precipitation
totals in inches

Located on the southeasternmost tip of the Korean Peninsula, Busan
Busan
has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa). Extremely high or low temperatures are rare. The highest temperature ever recorded is 37.3 °C (99.1 °F) on 14 August 2016[13] while the lowest temperature ever recorded is −14.0 °C (6.8 °F) on 13 January 1915.[14] May to July, late Springs and early Summers, are usually cooler than inland regions because of the ocean effect. Late Summer, and early Autumn, August and September, are generally hot and humid and the city may experience typhoons at that time and be generally rainy. On September 15, 1959, Super Typhoon
Typhoon
Sarah passed by the coast of the city and caused catastrophic damage. An unusually severe storm on September 12, 2003, Typhoon
Typhoon
Maemi, also caused damage to ships and buildings and resulted in over 48 fatalities. October and November are generally the most comfortable, with clear skies and pleasant temperatures. Winters are cold and comparatively dry with high winds, but much milder than other parts of Korea except Jeju-do
Jeju-do
and several islands off the southern coast. Busan
Busan
and the nearby area has the least amount of snow compared to other regions of Korea due to its location. Snow falls on an average of only about 5 days per year.[15] Even a little accumulation of snow can effectively shut down this seaport city because of the hilly terrain and unfamiliarity of motorists with driving on snow.

Climate data for Busan
Busan
(1981–2010, extremes 1904–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.4 (65.1) 20.3 (68.5) 22.9 (73.2) 28.1 (82.6) 34.0 (93.2) 33.4 (92.1) 35.8 (96.4) 37.3 (99.1) 35.2 (95.4) 29.8 (85.6) 25.6 (78.1) 20.9 (69.6) 37.3 (99.1)

Average high °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 9.8 (49.6) 13.4 (56.1) 18.2 (64.8) 21.7 (71.1) 24.4 (75.9) 27.3 (81.1) 29.4 (84.9) 26.3 (79.3) 22.4 (72.3) 16.3 (61.3) 10.5 (50.9) 18.9 (66)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2 (37.8) 4.9 (40.8) 8.6 (47.5) 13.6 (56.5) 17.5 (63.5) 20.7 (69.3) 24.1 (75.4) 25.9 (78.6) 22.3 (72.1) 17.6 (63.7) 11.6 (52.9) 5.8 (42.4) 14.7 (58.5)

Average low °C (°F) −0.6 (30.9) 1.1 (34) 4.9 (40.8) 9.9 (49.8) 14.1 (57.4) 17.9 (64.2) 21.8 (71.2) 23.4 (74.1) 19.5 (67.1) 14.1 (57.4) 7.8 (46) 2.0 (35.6) 11.3 (52.3)

Record low °C (°F) −14.0 (6.8) −12.6 (9.3) −9.7 (14.5) −1.5 (29.3) 5.4 (41.7) 9.3 (48.7) 13.8 (56.8) 15.4 (59.7) 9.6 (49.3) 1.8 (35.2) −6.5 (20.3) −12.0 (10.4) −14.0 (6.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 34.4 (1.354) 50.2 (1.976) 80.7 (3.177) 132.7 (5.224) 157.4 (6.197) 206.7 (8.138) 316.9 (12.476) 255.1 (10.043) 158.0 (6.22) 58.4 (2.299) 45.8 (1.803) 22.8 (0.898) 1,519.1 (59.807)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.5 6.2 8.4 9.1 9.4 10.4 13.6 11.5 9.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 98.3

Average snowy days 1.7 1.4 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.1 5.2

Average relative humidity (%) 48.3 51.4 57.7 62.7 69.8 77.4 84.3 79.9 73.9 64.0 57.0 50.1 64.7

Mean monthly sunshine hours 199.0 182.5 193.0 210.0 221.7 179.7 165.8 200.9 167.2 208.9 194.4 204.3 2,327.3

Percent possible sunshine 63.6 59.3 52.0 53.6 51.1 41.4 37.5 48.2 44.9 59.6 62.6 67.0 52.3

Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[16][13][14] (percent sunshine and snowy days)[15]

Administrative divisions[edit] In 1957 Busan
Busan
adopted a division system with the creation of six gu (districts): Busanjin-gu, Dong-gu, Dongnae-gu, Jung-gu, Seo-gu, and Yeongdo-gu. Today, Busan
Busan
is divided into fifteen gu and one gun (county).

Administrative divisions

Subdivision Korean Area (km²) [17] Population (2017)[18]

Buk District 북구; 北區 39.36 307,465

Busanjin District 부산진구; 釜山鎭區 29.70 375,003

Dong District 동구; 東區 9.73 88,940

Dongnae
Dongnae
District 동래구; 東萊區 16.63 273,910

Gangseo District 강서구; 江西區 181.50 115,196

Geumjeong District 금정구; 金井區 65.27 243,293

Haeundae
Haeundae
District 해운대구; 海雲臺區 51.47 416,362

Jung District 중구; 中區 2.83 44,791

Nam District 남구; 南區 26.81 276,360

Saha District 사하구; 沙下區 41.75 333,818

Sasang District 사상구; 沙上區 36.09 230,867

Seo District 서구; 西區 13.93 111,465

Suyeong District 수영구; 水營區 10.21 178,454

Yeongdo District 영도구; 影島區 14.15 124,463

Yeonje District 연제구; 蓮堤區 12.08 207,128

Gijang County 기장군; 機張郡) 218.32 159,055

Economy[edit]

Hanjin Heavy Industries

Busan
Busan
is an international business and financial center and renowned for its machinery, steel, ship building and marine industries, fashion, tourism and trade fairs. Busan
Busan
is the fifth busiest seaport in the world,[5] with transportation and shipping among the most high-profile aspects of the local economy. Since 1978, Busan
Busan
has opened three container ports including Jaseungdae, Shinsundae, and Gamman. Busan
Busan
has one of the world's largest ports and can handle up to 13.2 million TEU shipping containers per year. The Busan- Jinhae
Jinhae
Free Economic Zone Authority, one of two such administrations in Korea, was created to reassert Busan's status as a traditional international trading centre. The port attracts ships from all over the globe and the surrounding area aspires to become a regional financial centre. Korea Exchange
Korea Exchange
(KRX), Korea's sole securities exchange operator, is headquartered in Busan. Busan
Busan
is the home of the headquarters of Renault Samsung Motors, Hanjin Heavy Industries, Busan
Busan
Bank, Air Busan, Hi Investment & Securities, Woori Aviva Life Insurance, Korea Technology Finance Corporation, Korea Asset Management Corporation, Korea Housing-Finance Corporation, Korea Securities Depository, Korea Housing Guarantee Company, Korea Southern Power Company, BNK Financial Group. Jagalchi Fish Market
Jagalchi Fish Market
is the largest fish market in Korea. Busan
Busan
is ranked the fourth best city after Singapore, Seoul
Seoul
and Tokyo among Asia's top convention cities in a 2011 global ranking by the International Congress and Convention Association (ICCA).[19] Busan
Busan
was ranked the 27th among 83 cities and top 8 Asia/Pacific centres of the Global Financial Centres Index (GFCI) published by UK-based Z/Yen Group in March 2014.[citation needed] Shopping and commerce[edit]

Marine City, Busan

Seomyeon

Jagalchi Market

Commercial areas are dispersed throughout the city near busy intersections and adjacent to university campuses, but the two largest central business districts in Busan
Busan
are Seomyeon and Gwangbok-dong/Nampo-dong. There are also four substantial shopping areas of note: Seomyeon, Gwangbok-dong, Busan
Busan
Dae Hakap in Jangjeon-dong, and Centum City
Centum City
in Haeundae-gu. Seomyeon is the crossroads of Busan. The local subway station serves two lines and is one of the busiest in the city. Seomyeon subway station is also home to a large number of underground shops, selling a variety of products, predominately clothing and footwear. These are small boutique shops, selling locally produced products. The local head offices of Korean and international banks are located in Seomyeon. It is recognized as the ascendant shopping and entertainment district. It is also home to "Seomyeon Medical Street", the district encompassing the 1 km-radius range around Lotte Department Store in Seomyeon and the Buam subway station. The Street is home to a total of 160 cosmetic and other medical clinics, including those specializing in cosmetic surgery, dermatology, ophthalmology and dentistry.[20][21] Directly adjacent to Seomyeon is Bujeon Market, the largest traditional market in the city. Other companies with offices here include Yeolmae Food. The Gwangbok-dong, Nampo-dong, and Jungang-dong areas form the old central business district. Some of the restaurants in this district use family recipes passed down the generations. Jagalchi Market, a large seafood market, is located in this area. The Gukje Market
Gukje Market
is also nearby. Jungang-dong is the home of many international law offices, the old Immigration Office, and the international ferry terminal serving Japanese routes. Lotte World II is currently under construction along the water between Jungang-dong 7-Ga and 8-Ga.[22] Centum City, an industrial complex, is a popular new shopping area with luxury department stores. Major department stores[edit]

Store Locations of Branch(es) in Busan

Lotte Department Store Centum City, Seomyeon, Gwangbok, Dongnae

Shinsegae
Shinsegae
Department Store Centum City

Hyundai Department Store Beomil-dong

Premium outlets[edit]

Store Location

Lotte Premium Outlets Gimhae

Shinsegae
Shinsegae
Simon Premium Outlets Gijang

Lotte Mall DongBusan Gijang

Major large discount stores[edit]

Store

Home Plus

E Mart

Lotte Mart

Hanaro Club

Mega Mart

Costco

Educational facilities[edit] Universities with graduate schools[edit]

A panoramic view of PNU

Korea Maritime University

Busan University of Foreign Studies
Busan University of Foreign Studies
(BUFS) Busan
Busan
Presbyterian University Busan National University of Education (BNUE) Catholic University of Pusan Tongmyong University Dongseo University Dong-A University Dong-eui University Inje University Busan
Busan
Campus Kosin University Korea Maritime University Kyungsung University Pukyong National University (PKNU) Pusan National University (PNU) Silla
Silla
University Youngsan University

Other institutes of higher education[edit]

Busan
Busan
Arts College Busan
Busan
College of Information Technology Busan
Busan
Kyungsang College Busan
Busan
Polytechnic College Daedong College Dong-Pusan College Dongju College Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology

Foreign schools[edit] Primary and secondary schools:

Busan
Busan
International Foreign School [3] (Pre-Kindergarten through 12th Grade) Busan Foreign School [4] (Pre-Kindergarten through 12th Grade) Overseas Chinese High School, Busan Overseas Chinese Elementary School Busan (韓國釜山華僑小學/부산화교소학교)[23] Busan
Busan
Japanese School (釜山日本人学校/부산일본인학교)

Colleges and universities:

Friedrich-Alexander University Busan
Busan
Campus [5] (German University in Korea)

Culture and attractions[edit] Busan
Busan
not only features a variety of antique and souvenir shops, but also unique restaurants, attractions and accommodations. Parks, beaches, and highlights[edit]

Nurimaru APEC House

Dadaepo Beach

Nampo-dong
Nampo-dong
is a popular central shopping and café district. The area around Pukyong National University and Kyungsung University also has many cafés, bars, and restaurants attracting college students and youth. Busan
Busan
is called the summer capital of Korea since it attracts tourists from all over the country to its six beaches. Luxury hotels and a carnival boardwalk line the beach at Haeundae. Gwangalli Beach
Gwangalli Beach
has cafés, bars, and restaurants along the beach, and the Grand Gwangan Bridge. Other beaches include Dadaepo Beach on the west edge of the city and Songdo Beach, which is south-central. Geumjeongsan
Geumjeongsan
to the west is a popular weekend hiking spot for Busan residents. To the north, the neighborhoods around Pusan National University (also known as PNU, which is one of the most highly recognized national institutes of higher education in Korea) have student theaters, cafés, bars and restaurants, as well as open-air cultural street performances on weekend nights. Nearby is Beomeosa, the city's main Korean Buddhist temple. Yongdusan Park
Yongdusan Park
occupies 69,000 square meters/17 acres (7 ha) and is home to the Busan
Busan
Tower, Yongdusan Art Gallery, and the Busan Aquarium. The park supports approximately seventy different species of trees and is a favorite tourist destination, with various cultural events throughout the year.[24] Dongnae-gu
Dongnae-gu
is a wealthy and traditional residential area. Dongnae Oncheon is a natural spa area with many baths, tourist hotels, restaurants, clubs and shopping areas. Many restaurants in the area use family recipes. Chungnyeolsa is a Confucian shrine for soldiers who died during the 16th century battle against the Japanese at Dongnae
Dongnae
Fortress.[25] Taejongdae
Taejongdae
is a natural park with magnificent cliffs facing the open sea on the island of Yeongdo. The area known as the "Foreigners' Shopping Street", but commonly referred to as "Texas Street" near part of the Port of Busan, and adjacent to the front entrance to the Busan
Busan
Train Station (부산역) has many businesses that cater to the local Russian population, as well as the crews of foreign ships. The area was originally the location of the local Chinatown and still contains a Chinese school. Busan
Busan
Aquarium, located in Haeundae
Haeundae
Beach, is the largest aquarium in South Korea. Haedong Yonggung temple
Haedong Yonggung temple
is one of three sacred places related to the Goddess Buddha. It is located right next to the sea. It lies in a mountain in the front and the sea at the back. Gamcheon-dong, located west of Nampo-dong, is a hidden hillside area within the city with high, sweeping views of the ocean and brightly painted houses. Busan Citizens Park (formerly Camp Hialeah) is a former Imperial Japanese Army base and United States
United States
Army camp located in the Busanjin District. Temples, religious and historical sites[edit]

Beomeosa
Beomeosa
Temple

Haedong Yonggungsa
Haedong Yonggungsa
Temple

Beomeosa
Beomeosa
Temple Busanjinjiseong
Busanjinjiseong
Fortress (or Jaseongdae) Cheonseongjinseong Fortress Chungnyeolsa Shrine Dongnaeeupseong
Dongnaeeupseong
Fortress Dongnae
Dongnae
Hyanggyo Confucian shrine-school Dongnaebu Dongheon Dongsam-dong Shell Mound Fortress site of Jwasuyeong Geumjeongsanseong
Geumjeongsanseong
Fortress Haedong Yonggung Temple Janggwancheong Gungwancheong Songgongdan Altar Jeongongdan Altar Samgwangsa Temple Tumuli in Bokcheon-dong, Dongnae United Nations Memorial Cemetery[26] Waeseong in Jukseong-ri, Gijang Yeongdo Bridge Yeonggadae Pavilion Yungongdan Altar

Arts[edit]

Busan
Busan
Cinema Center, Dureraum.

Busan
Busan
hosts the Busan International Film Festival
Busan International Film Festival
(BIFF)—one of the most popular international film festivals in Asia—at the Busan Cinema Center every fall. It is also the home of the Busan
Busan
Biennale, an international contemporary art biennale which takes place every two years. It also hosted the 2nd Asia Song Festival, organised by Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange, in 2005.[27] In 2012 German artist Hendrik Beikirch, along with Public Delivery, painted Asia and the world's tallest mural.[28] Museums[edit]

Busan
Busan
Exhibition and Convention Center

Bokcheon Museum Busan
Busan
Modern History Museum Busan
Busan
Museum Busan
Busan
Museum of Modern Art Busan
Busan
National University Museum Dongsam-dong Shell Midden Museum Dong-A University
Dong-A University
Museum Dong-eui University
Dong-eui University
Museum Kyungsung University Museum National Maritime Museum Regular Pa-jeon Museum Silly Pa-Jeon Museum

Traditional cuisine[edit]

Dongnae
Dongnae
pajeon

Busan
Busan
was once a center of military affairs in the southern region of the peninsula and therefore was an important site for diplomatic relationships with Japan; high-ranking officers and officials from the court frequently visited the city. Special
Special
foods were prepared for the officers such as Dongnae
Dongnae
pajeon (동래파전), a variant of pajeon (Korean savory pancakes), made with whole scallions, sliced chili peppers, and various kinds of seafood in a thick batter of wheat flour, glutinous rice flour, eggs, salt and water.[29][30] During the Korean War, Busan
Busan
was the biggest refugee destination on the peninsula; people from all regions of Korea went there. Some of these refugees stayed and adapted and adjusted the recipes of their local specialties. One of these foods is milmyeon (밀면) (lit. 'wheat noodle') a version of naengmyeon, cold buckwheat noodle soup, but using wheat flour instead. (Naemyeon is originally a specialty food of Hamhung
Hamhung
and Pyongyang, now part of North Korea.[31][32]) Dwaeji gukbap (돼지국밥) (lit. 'pork/pig soup rice') is also a result of Korean War. It is a hearty pork soup and is becoming more popular nationwide.[33] Hot spring resorts and spas[edit] Busan
Busan
has the largest hot spring resorts and facilities in Korea.

Spa Land (Haeundae-Gu) HurShimChung Hot Spring Resorts and Spa Town (Dongnae-Gu) Haeundae
Haeundae
Hot Spring Resorts and Spa Towns (Haeundae-Gu) Dongnae
Dongnae
Hot Spring Resorts and Spa Towns (Dongnae-Gu) Gwangalli Spa Towns (Suyeong-Gu)

Religion[edit]

Religion in Busan
Busan
(2005)[34]   Not religious (43%)    Buddhism
Buddhism
(41.9%)    Protestantism
Protestantism
(12.1%)   Catholicism (4.5%)

According to the census of 2007, of the people of Busan
Busan
41.9% follow Buddhism
Buddhism
and 16.6% follow Christianity
Christianity
(12.1% Protestantism
Protestantism
and 4.5% Catholicism), 39.9% of the population is mostly not religious or follow other indigenous religions. See also: List of Buddhist temples in Busan Communications[edit]

Station or Newspaper Types

Busan
Busan
KBS TV, Radio

Busan
Busan
MBC TV, Radio

KNN TV, Radio

Busan
Busan
CBS Radio

Busan
Busan
BBS Radio

Busan
Busan
eFM Radio (English, Chinese)

Busan
Busan
PBC Radio

Busan
Busan
Ilbo Daily Newspaper

Kookje Shinmun Daily Newspaper

Sports[edit] The city planned to bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics, but withdrew after the 2018 Winter Olympics
2018 Winter Olympics
were awarded to Pyeongchang, also located in South Korea. The 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
were eventually awarded to Tokyo.[35] It is currently considering bidding to host the 2032 Summer Olympics.[36] Sports teams and facilities

Club League Stadium Stadium Capacity Sports Type

Lotte Giants KBO League Sajik Baseball Stadium 28,500 Baseball

Busan
Busan
IPark K League Challenge Busan
Busan
Asiad Stadium 53,864 Football

Busan
Busan
KT Sonicboom KBL Sajik Arena 14,099 Basketball

Baseball[edit]

Sajik Baseball Stadium

Since 1982, the city has been home to the Lotte Giants, who play in the Korea Professional Baseball
Korea Professional Baseball
league. In Korea, Busan
Busan
is known as the capital of baseball and has a reputation for very enthusiastic baseball fans.[37] For the first few years, the Lotte Giants
Lotte Giants
utilized Gudeok Baseball Stadium
Gudeok Baseball Stadium
as their home. In the mid-1980s, they moved to Sajik Baseball Stadium, which was built as part of a sports complex for the 1986 Asian Games. Football[edit] The city is home to a K-League
K-League
football team, the Busan
Busan
IPark. The team was formerly known as the Daewoo Royals
Daewoo Royals
and was a successful team during the 1990s. Busan
Busan
is also home to a National League football club, the Busan
Busan
Transportation Corporation. Basketball[edit] Busan
Busan
also has a Korean Basketball League
Korean Basketball League
team, the Busan
Busan
KT Sonicboom that plays in Sajik Arena. Thoroughbred racing[edit] Thoroughbred horse racing
Thoroughbred horse racing
is held at Busan-Gyeongnam Horse Racing Park every weekend. Bicycle racing[edit] Bicycle Racing is held at " Busan
Busan
Cydrome," the velodrome in Geumjeong Sports Park, every weekend. Festivals and events[edit] Busan
Busan
celebrates festivals all year round.

Month Annual Festivals and Events

January New Year Festival in Busan, Polar Bear Swimming Contest

February Haeundae
Haeundae
Moontan Road Festival

March Busan
Busan
International Performing Arts Festival

April Gwangalli Fishery(Eobang) Festival

May Busan
Busan
Motor Show, Busan Port
Busan Port
Festival, Busan
Busan
Contents Market, Busan International Short Film Festival

June Haeundae
Haeundae
Sand Festival, Busan
Busan
International Dance Festival, Art Busan

July Gijang Town Festival

August Busan
Busan
Sea Festival, Busan
Busan
International Rock Festival, Busan International Magic Festival, Busan
Busan
International Kids' Film Festival, Busan
Busan
International Advertising Festival, Busan
Busan
International Comedy Festival

September Busan
Busan
Biennale, Busan
Busan
Sea Art Festival, Busan
Busan
Maru International Music Festival

October Busan
Busan
International Film Festival, Busan
Busan
International Fireworks Festival, Busan
Busan
Jagalchi Festival

November Busan Port
Busan Port
Lighting Festival, G-Star-Global Game Exhibition, Busan Choral Festival & Competition

December Busan
Busan
Christmas Tree Festival, White Night in Busan, 라꼬빛 Festival

Medical facilities[edit] Busan
Busan
has many hospitals and clinics. Many cosmetic surgery, dermatological, ophthalmic, dental clinics are concentrated in Seomyeon medical street. Major medical centers[edit]

Name of Hospital Number of beds

Pusan National University Hospital at Yangsan 1720[38]

Pusan National University Hospital at Busan 1180[39]

Inje University Paik Hospital at Haeundae 1004[40]

Dong-A University
Dong-A University
Hospital 920[41]

Kosin University Hospital 912[42]

Busan
Busan
St. Mary's Medical Center 716[43]

Dong-eui Medical Center 640[44]

Busan
Busan
Baptist Hospital 608[45]

Busan
Busan
Medical Center 591[46]

Maryknoll Medical Center 501[47]

Inje University Paik Hospital at Busan 898[48]

Wallace Memorial Baptist Hospital 380

Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences Cancer Center 304[49]

Transportation[edit] Bus[edit] Major express bus lines link Busan
Busan
with other cities in Korea at two primary bus terminals, Nopodong Bus Terminal (at the northern terminus of Subway Line 1) and Seobu Bus Terminal at Sasang Station on Subway Line 2. 134 routes of urban buses service every part of Busan
Busan
Metropolitan City. ( Busan
Busan
Urban Bus) Sea[edit]

Busan Port
Busan Port
Pier 1 with the International Ferry Terminal (3 docked ferries shown)

Ferries leaving from the International Ferry Terminal on Busan
Busan
Port Pier 1 connect Busan
Busan
to the Japanese ports of Izuhara and Hitakatsu on Tsushima Island, as well as the cities of Shimonoseki, Fukuoka, and Osaka
Osaka
on Japan's mainland.[50]

PanStar[51] operates the PanStar Ferry between Busan
Busan
and Osaka. The Seaflower 2, the ferry to Tsushima operated by Dae-a Express Shipping,[52] carries passengers only between Busan
Busan
and Hitakatsu in 1 hour 40 minutes and between Busan
Busan
and Izuhara in 2 hours 40 minutes. The Seonghee, operated by Pukwan Ferry,[53] links Busan
Busan
to Shimonoseki. One of the ferries to Fukuoka
Fukuoka
is the Camellia, operated by Camellia Line.[54] The Camellia
Camellia
makes the trip to Fukuoka
Fukuoka
overnight in 7 hours 30 minutes, and trip back in the afternoon in 5 hours 30 minutes. The other ferry service to Fukuoka
Fukuoka
is assumed by the Beetles and the Kobees, 2 fleets of high-speed hydrofoils operated by Miraejet.[55] About five departures from each city are scheduled every day. By hydrofoil it only takes 2 hours 55 minutes to cross the Korea Strait to Fukuoka. The Beetles are owned by JR Kyushu.

This is administered by the Busan Port
Busan Port
Authority. National railway[edit] Busan
Busan
lies on a number of rail lines, of which the most important is the Gyeongbu Line
Gyeongbu Line
which connects it to other major cities such as Seoul, Daejeon, and Daegu. All classes of trains run along the Gyeongbu Line, including the superhigh speed KTX
KTX
trains which provide frequent services to Seoul
Seoul
in approximately 150 minutes. The Gyeongbu Line terminates at Busan
Busan
Station. Other lines include the Donghae Nambu Line which connects Ulsan, Pohang
Pohang
and Gyeongju. Metro[edit]

Busan Metro
Busan Metro
Line 2

Main article: Busan
Busan
Metro The Busan Metro
Busan Metro
network contains four lines: 1, 2, 3, and 4. All four lines are operated by the Busan
Busan
Transportation Corporation. The Busan- Gimhae
Gimhae
Light Rail Transit line connects from Sasang Station (Line 2), Busan
Busan
to Samgye Station, Gimhae. Air[edit] Busan
Busan
is served by Gimhae
Gimhae
International Airport in Gangseo-gu. Gimhae International Airport is connected by Busan- Gimhae
Gimhae
Light Rail Transit International relations[edit]

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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Busan
Busan
shares the title of sister city with several coastal cities or provinces around the world.[56]

– Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Taiwan
(1966) – Los Angeles, USA (1967) – Shimonoseki, Japan
Japan
(1976) – Barcelona, Spain
Spain
(1983)[57] – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Brazil
(1985) – Vladivostok, Russia
Russia
(1992) – Shanghai, People's Republic of China
China
(1993) – Surabaya, Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
(1994) – Victoria, Australian state (1994) – Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Vietnam
(1995)[58] – Tijuana, Mexico
Mexico
(1995) – Auckland, New Zealand
New Zealand
(1996) – Valparaíso, Chile
Chile
(1999) – Montreal, Canada
Canada
(2000) – Western Cape, South African province (2000) – Istanbul, Turkey
Turkey
(2002) – Dubai, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
(2006) – Fukuoka, Japan
Japan
(2007) – Chicago, USA (2007) – Saint Petersburg, Russia
Russia
(2008) – Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Cambodia
(2009) – Mumbai, India
India
(2009) – Thessaloniki, Greece
Greece
(2010) – Casablanca, Morocco
Morocco
(2011) – Cebu City, Philippines
Philippines
(2011) – Marikina, Philippines
Philippines
(2012)[59] – Yangon, Myanmar
Myanmar
(2013)

– Burlington, Canada
Canada
(2016)

Friendship cities[edit]

Shenzhen, China
China
(2007) Tianjin, China
China
(2007) Osaka, Japan
Japan
(2008) Chongqing, China
China
(2010) Beijing, China
China
(2013) Nagasaki, Japan
Japan
(2014) George Town, Malaysia
Malaysia
(2015)[60]

Sister ports[edit] The Port of Busan
Port of Busan
also has 6 sister ports (listed in order of dates).[61]

– Port of Southampton, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(1978) – Port of Miami, USA (1981) – Port of Osaka, Japan
Japan
(1985)[62] – Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands
Netherlands
(1985) – Port of New York & New Jersey, USA (1988) – Port of Shanghai, China
China
(1994)

See also[edit]

Korea portal

40–step stairway Busan
Busan
International Film Festival Busan– Geoje
Geoje
Fixed Link Centum City, urban complex Gwangan Bridge Index of Korea-related articles List of cities in South Korea List of East Asian ports Lotte Giants, local baseball team Pusan Newport International Terminal

Notes[edit]

^ This is computed by cargo tonnage. Korean sources sometimes claim it as the 5th busiest in the world by that measure.[5] ^ This name is also encountered as "Pusan City" (Pusan-si)[9] and "Pusan Directly-Administered City" (Busan-jikhalsi[10] or Pusan-chikhalsi).[11]

References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ "Pusan-gwangyŏksi: South Korea". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-08-15.  ^ 부산광역시. "2017년 10월말 주민등록인구통계 : 부산통계 부산통계 : 주민등록인구통계주민등록인구통계  : 부산광역시". www.busan.go.kr.  horizontal tab character in title= at position 51 (help) ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-09-08. Retrieved 2014-09-08. , Retrieved 2014-07-02. ^ a b "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.  ^ a b "Cargo processed at Busan
Busan
port dips 6.5 pct in Oct". Yonhap News. 2016-11-24. Retrieved 2017-01-10.  ^ "Largest Department Store - Guinness World Records Blog post - Home of the Longest, Shortest, Fastest, Tallest facts and feats". Community.guinnessworldrecords.com. 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "The origin of the name Busan" (in Korean). Busan
Busan
City. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2012.  ^ "Pusan: South Korea". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-08-15.  ^ "Pusan-si: South Korea". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-08-15.  ^ "Pusan-jikhalsi: South Korea". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-08-15.  ^ "Pusan-chikhalsi: South Korea". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-08-15.  ^ Andrei Lankov (2010-01-31) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-07. Retrieved 2015-04-04.  January 1951: Life of Korean War
Korean War
Refugees in Busan
Busan
The Korea Times ^ a b "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최고기온 (℃) 최고순위, 부산(159)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.  ^ a b "기후자료 극값(최대값) 전체년도 일최저기온 (℃) 최고순위, 부산(159)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.  ^ a b "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2017.  ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 부산(159)" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 January 2017.  ^ "Area and Number of Administrative Units". Statistics Korea. Retrieved 2017-01-10.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2013-03-22.  ^ <http://www.uia.be/> ^ [1] Archived April 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "부산시, 제1회 서면메디컬스트리트 축제 개최 뉴스와이어". Newswire.co.kr. Retrieved 2013-03-12.  ^ "World Tourism Summit and TPO Forum 2008". Worldtourismsummit.com. 2005-11-14. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "[Overseas Chinese Elementary School Busan
Busan
Korea]." International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved on March 30, 2016. Homepage Archived April 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Yongdusan Park". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "Chungnyeolsa Introduction(충렬사소개)". Busan
Busan
Metropolitan City. Retrieved 2011-12-11.  ^ ": : : : Welcome to the United Nations Memorial Cemetery! : : : :". 26 May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012.  ^ KOFICE 2nd Asia Song Festival
Asia Song Festival
Archived 2011-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. 11 November 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-12 ^ Asia's Tallest Mural by Hendrik Beikirch. Yatzer (2012-09-10). Retrieved on 2013-07-12. ^ [2][permanent dead link] ^ "[내고장 이 맛!] 부산 동래파전". Seoul.co.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ Kim Gi-hyeon (김기현) (2009-05-13) 동래파전·돼지국밥…음식도 관광자원으로 (in Korean) Munhwa Ilbo ^ Lee Gyeong-taek (이경택) (2002-09-26) 부산AG 장외 음식열전 (in Korean) Munhwa Ilbo ^ Noh, Ju-Seok (노주석) (2009-07-29) (씨줄날줄) 영도다리/노주석 논설위원] (in Korean) Seoul
Seoul
Sinmun ^ "KOSIS". kosis.kr.  ^ People's Daily
People's Daily
Online (2005-11-14). "Pusan to declare bid to host 2020 Olympic Games". Retrieved December 8, 2006.  ^ "24 HOUR NEWS CHANNEL ::::: YTN (와이티엔)". YTN. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ (in Korean) 사직구장 대대적 보수로 지정석만 2만1천석. Sports Khan. Retrieved 2011-11-27 ^ "::빠르고 정확한 인터넷 의협신문::". Doctorsnews.co.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ " Pusan National University Hospital". .pnuh.co.kr. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ " Inje University Paik Hospital". Paik.ac.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "동아대학교의료원 홈페이지에 오신것을 환영합니다". Damc.or.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ " Kosin University Gospel Hospital". Kosinmed.or.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "부산성모병원". Bsm.or.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "Dong-Eui Medical Center - Busan, Korea". Demc.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "침례병원". wmbh.co.kr. Archived from the original on 2000-12-04. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ " Busan
Busan
Medical Center". Eng.busanmc.or.kr. Archived from the original on 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "메리놀병원". Maryknoll.co.kr. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "인제대학교 부산백병원 - 환자중심의 병원, 내집처럼 편안한 병원". Paik.ac.kr. Archived from the original on 2011-10-15. Retrieved 2011-09-15.  ^ "Dongnam Inst. Of Radiological". Dirams.re.kr. 2013-01-29. Archived from the original on 2013-02-19. Retrieved 2013-03-12.  ^ "International Ferry Terminal".  ^ PanStar Ferry Archived February 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Korean operator of the ferry linking to Osaka, Japan. ^ (in Korean) Dae-a Express Shipping, operator of the ferry linking to Tsushima Island, Japan. ^ Pukwan Ferry, operator of the ferry linking to Shimonoseki, Japan. ^ (in Japanese) Camellia
Camellia
Line, (in Korean) Korea Ferry ^ Kobee and Beetle, ferries linking to Fukuoka, Japan. ^ List of Busan's sister cities, Busan
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Metropolitan City; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-06. , (in Korean) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-06.  ^ " Barcelona
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Bibliography[edit]

"Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394 . Overkamp, Sven (2009), "Selected Materials on Korean from the Siebold Archive in Bochum", BJOAF (PDF), Vol. 33, pp. 187–216 .

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Busan.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Busan.

Busan
Busan
Metropolitan Government All About Busan
Busan
– The Official Korea Tourism Guide Site

v t e

Districts of Busan

Districts

Buk Busanjin Dong Dongnae Gangseo Geumjeong Haeundae Jung Nam Saha Sasang Seo Suyeong Yeongdo Yeonje

County

Gijang

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of South Korea

Regions

Sudogwon (Capital area) Gwandong

Yeongdong Yeongseo

Hoseo

Daejeon-Sejong-Chungnam Chungbuk

Honam Yeongnam

Daegu-Gyeongbuk Busan-Ulsan-Gyeongnam Southeastern MIR

Jeju

Provinces

North Chungcheong South Chungcheong Gangwon Gyeonggi North Gyeongsang South Gyeongsang North Jeolla South Jeolla

Special
Special
self-governing province

Jeju

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Special
Special
self-governing city

Sejong

Metropolitan cities

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces

North Hamgyeong South Hamgyeong Hwanghae North Pyeongan South Pyeongan

v t e

Cities in South Korea

Special
Special
city

Seoul

Metropolitan city

Busan Daegu Daejeon Gwangju Incheon Ulsan

Metropolitan autonomous city

Sejong

Provincial capital

Andong ChangwonB CheongjuB Chuncheon HongseongC JeonjuB JejuD MuanC SuwonB

Specific city

Ansan Anyang BucheonE Cheonan GimhaeE Goyang HwaseongE NamyangjuE Pohang Seongnam Yongin

Municipal city

Anseong Asan Boryeong Chungju Dangjin Dongducheon Donghae Gangneung Geoje Gimcheon Gimje Gimpo Gongju Gumi Gunpo Guri Gunsan Gwacheon Gwangju Gwangmyeong Gwangyang Gyeongju Gyeongsan Gyeryong Hanam Icheon Iksan Jecheon Jeongeup Jinju Miryang Mokpo Mungyeong Namwon Naju Nonsan Osan Paju Pocheon Pyeongtaek Sacheon Samcheok Sangju Seosan Siheung Sokcho Suncheon Taebaek Tongyeong Uijeongbu Uiwang Wonju Yangju Yangsan Yeoju Yeongcheon Yeongju Yeosu

Administrative city

Seogwipo

Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an administrative city; and E does not have gus

v t e

Host cities of Asian Games

Summer

1951: Delhi 1954: Manila 1958: Tokyo 1962: Jakarta 1966: Bangkok 1970: Bangkok 1974: Tehran 1978: Bangkok 1982: Delhi 1986: Seoul 1990: Beijing 1994: Hiroshima 1998: Bangkok 2002: Busan 2006: Doha 2010: Guangzhou 2014: Incheon 2018: Jakarta/Palembang 2022: Hangzhou

Winter

1986: Sapporo 1990: Sapporo 1996: Harbin 1999: Kangwon 2003: Aomori 2007: Changchun 2011: Astana-Almaty 2017: Sapporo

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 168171217 LCCN: n80013546 GND: 43233

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