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The BURLINGTON NORTHERN RAILROAD (reporting mark BN) was a United States-based railroad company formed from a merger of four major U.S. railroads. Burlington Northern operated between 1970 and 1996.

Its historical lineage begins in the earliest days of railroading with the chartering in 1848 of the Chicago and Aurora Railroad
Railroad
, a direct ancestor line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad , which lends Burlington to the names of various merger-produced successors.

Burlington Northern purchased the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway on December 31, 1996 to form the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway (later renamed BNSF Railway
BNSF Railway
), which was owned by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation . That corporation was purchased by Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
in 2009 which is controlled by investor Warren Buffett .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Route * 3 Equipment colors and painting

* 4 Company officers

* 4.1 Presidents of the Burlington Northern Railroad
Railroad

* 5 Notable locomotives * 6 Preserved equipment * 7 Environmental record * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

The Burlington Northern Railroad
Railroad
was the product of a March 2, 1970, merger of four major railroads—the Great Northern Railway , Northern Pacific Railway , Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway and the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad —as well as a few small jointly owned subsidiaries owned by the four. The merged railroad was initially going to be called Great Northern Pacific & Burlington Lines.

Although the four railroads shared common ownership (including the headquarters building in Saint Paul, Minnesota
Saint Paul, Minnesota
) from the days of the James J. Hill era, the four railroads previously had unsuccessfully attempted four mergers to unify the Hill Lines: 1896, 1901, 1927 and 1955. The merger was finally approved in 1970 even though a challenge occurred in the Supreme Court , which reversed the result of the 1904 Northern Securities ruling.

To further expand the Burlington Northern railroad, a single track was constructed in 1972 into the Powder River Basin to serve various coal mines. On November 21, 1980, the St. Louis - San Francisco Railway was acquired, giving the railroad trackage as far south into Florida
Florida
. By 1981, however, the holding company of the railroad, BURLINGTON NORTHERN, INC. relocated headquarters from Saint Paul to Seattle, Washington
Seattle, Washington
and spun off all non-rail operations to Burlington Resources in 1988.

In 1971, BN/C&S/FW in 1979 the total was 135004 million. Most of the increase was Powder River coal from Wyoming, a fount of traffic unprecedented in United States railroad history, and one which BN had to itself until 1984.

The Burlington Northern, along with handling freight trains, briefly operated inter-city passenger trains. The BN had started operations just a matter of weeks before the end of service of the original California Zephyr
California Zephyr
, which had been operated by the CB&Q, in conjunction with the Denver & Rio Grande Western
Denver & Rio Grande Western
and Western Pacific railroads, and continued to operate the North Coast Limited , " Mainstreeter
Mainstreeter
" Empire Builder , "Western Star ", Denver Zephyr , "Gopher ", and "International ",until Amtrak
Amtrak
took over intercity passenger service in May 1971, thus becoming the last "new" Class I railroad to operate its own passenger trains. The BN also operated a commuter line inherited from the CB"> Main line heading north out of Seattle, Washington
Seattle, Washington
along the shore of Puget Sound
Puget Sound

The Burlington Northern traversed the most northerly routes of any railroad in the western United States. These routes started at Chicago, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois
and ran west-northwest to La Crosse, Wisconsin . From here the routes continued northwest through Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota
Minnesota
to Grand Forks, North Dakota . From Grand Forks the routes ran west through North Dakota
North Dakota
, Montana
Montana
, and Idaho
Idaho
to Spokane, Washington . The former GN routed through North Dakota/Northern Montana, crossing the continental divide at Marias Pass , while the former NP line routed through the southern part of Montana
Montana
(which was spun off to Montana
Montana
Rail Link in 1987), crossing the continental divide at Mullan and Homestake Passes . At Spokane the routes split into three. The former Great Northern route ran west to Wenatchee, Washington , crossed under the Cascade Range
Cascade Range
at New Cascade Tunnel on Stevens Pass , and descended to the Puget Sound
Puget Sound
region through Everett, Washington
Everett, Washington
. The former Northern Pacific turned southwest towards the Tri-Cities , then northwest to Yakima, Washington , and crossed under the Cascade Range
Cascade Range
at Stampede Tunnel, descending to the Green River Valley at Auburn, Washington
Auburn, Washington
where it connected with existing NP lines from British Columbia
British Columbia
to Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
. The Spokane, Portland and Seattle ran southwest to the Tri-Cities, then followed the north bank of the Columbia River
Columbia River
to Vancouver, Washington .

With the acquisition of the St. Louis – San Francisco Railway the route was extended into the South Central and Southeastern United States .

Transport Statistics shows BN operated 23609 miles of line and 34691 miles of track at the end of 1970; it shows 4547 SLSF miles of line not including QA&P and AT"> NW2 510 at Aurora, Illinois

The livery of the Burlington Northern traces its history to Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
Railroad
. EMD GP40 #629 was painted in a green, black and white scheme that introduced the BN's lettering and logo. The green color was later known as Cascade Green due to the reflections of pine trees and nature along various routes the trains of the CB">

As the final approval of the merger was approaching the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway purchased 6 EMD GP38s in February 1970 that were delivered in the Burlington Northern paint scheme.

By the 1980s the locomotives and rolling stock had an unfortunate habit of camouflaging into the scenery and causing accidents at railroad crossings. In late 1984 the BN commenced the High Visibility study which applied orange and black nose stripes and orange along the cab face on one locomotive followed by two new orders of locomotives: EMD SD40-2 , EMD GP50 , and EMD SD60 respectively. By 1987 the study did not show vast improvement of the locomotive's visibility and was dropped.

In 1989 the BN reactivated its High Visibility study, trying more white paint on the nose and cab face. The first unit, GATX Rebuild EMD GP40 #3079 emerged in April 1989 with a white cab face, end-sill stripes, and a large BN logo applied on the nose; dubbed White Face this scheme proved to be a success with only a minor change occurring in 1991 with the application of a two-inch wide separator stripe.

In October 1990 BN departed from its Cascade Green, black and white scheme on its business car and locomotive fleet. Adopting Grinstein Green (an altered version of Brunswick Green/British Racing Green and named after the president of Burlington Northern, Gerald Grinstein ), Cream, and Alizarin Red. This scheme was applied to EMD F9A-2 #BN-1, EMD F9B-2 #BN-2, and EMD E9A-2 #BN-3, of the locomotive fleet and the business car fleet. In November 1993, brand new EMD SD70MAC #9401 received the Executive colors, making a departure from the standard Cascade Green, White & Black scheme. This trend continued only on the EMD SD70MAC's until BNSF #9837.

COMPANY OFFICERS

PRESIDENTS OF THE BURLINGTON NORTHERN RAILROAD

* Louis W. Menk (March 2, 1970 - May 1, 1971) * Robert W. Downing (May 1, 1971 - January 1, 1976) * Norman Lorentzsen (January 1, 1976 - July 17, 1985) * Darius W. Gaskins, Jr. (July 17, 1985 - January 1, 1989) * Gerald Grinstein (January 1, 1989 - September 22, 1995) * Robert D. Krebs (September 22, 1995 - December 31, 1996)

NOTABLE LOCOMOTIVES

Throughout its history, the Burlington Northern had various oddities and test demonstrators/paint schemes:

BURLINGTON NORTHERN PAINT SCHEMES

LOCOMOTIVE MODEL ROAD NUMBERS NOTES

EMD GP40 629 First locomotive experimented in pre-Burlington Northern Livery in 1968.

EMD SD45 & GE U23C 516 – 530, 460 – 468 Pre-Burlington Northern livery designed by the CB ordered by the Spokane, Portland ">

EMD SD40-2 , EMD GP50 , EMD SD60 8002, 3110 – 3162, 8300 – 8302 Painted in the experimental High Visibility Tiger Stripes paint scheme.

EMD/GATX GP40G 3079 The first locomotive to receive the Whiteface paint scheme in April 1989.

EMD GP50 3110 & 3112 An alternative version of white with orange "Tiger Stripes" instead of black.

EMD F9A-2 , EMD F9B-2 , EMD E9A-2 BN-1, BN-2 & BN-3 The first new locomotives painted in the Executive scheme.

EMD GP38-2 2100 The only unit receiving white striping along the front cab section.

EMD GP38
EMD GP38
2075 later replaced by #2085, dubbed "Pacific Pride II", after 2075 was reported with fire damage

EMD GP9 1813 & 1863 Received "The National Academy of Railroad
Railroad
Sciences" lettering along the carbodies.

EMD GP9 (BNML) 2 Was the sole locomotive of the Burlington Northern Manitoba subsidiary. Retired in 2007 as BNSF 1685. It was the last GP9 to operate on BNSF.

EMD SD60M 1991 Painted to honor the employees serving in Desert Storm
Desert Storm
.

EMD SD40-2 7149 & 7890 Modified by Energy Conversions Inc. to run on compressed liquefied natural gas (refrigerated liquid methane ), dubbed the "DF40-2" for "Dual-Fuel SD40-2".

EMD SD9 6121 Operation Lifesaver logos applied.

MK GP28M 1510, 1521-1524 Operation Lifesaver logos applied.

EMD SD70MAC 9647 Introduced a proposed Burlington Northern Santa Fe paint scheme.

EMD SD70MAC 9709–9712 9709 – 9710 were the last two new locomotives for the BN delivered in January 1996. 9711 – 9712 are the first new locomotives for BNSF.

EMD GP50 , EMD SD40-2 3120 & 7812 The last locomotives painted in Burlington Northern green on August 8, 1996.

MK GP39E 2911 "> Burlington Northern caboose No. 11687 at the Wichita Falls Railroad
Railroad
Museum

Burlington Northern 1 and 2, formerly Northern Pacific Railway 6700A and 7002C, EMD F9s, were built in 1954 and later rebuilt by BN for special train service. They are currently owned by the Illinois Railway Museum and are on display and occasionally operated in Union, Illinois . The Illinois Railway Museum also owns U30C 5383, which is operable, and is fully restored in Burlington Northern colors.

Burlington Northern 6325, formerly Great Northern Railroad
Railroad
325, a rare EMD SDP40, is owned by the Minnesota
Minnesota
Transportation Museum, and operated on the Osceola border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Railways portal

* Paul Bunyan Trail Rail Trail * Great Northern Railway: Mansfield Branch (1909-1985) * List of Superfund
Superfund
sites in Minnesota
Minnesota

REFERENCES

* ^ marketwatch: Berkshire Hathaway
Berkshire Hathaway
to buy Burlington Northern Santa Fe * ^ For a pictorial survey of the BN's diesels from Day 1, see Olmsted, Robert P., "The Green Machines" (1986). * ^ Morgan, David P. (August 1968). "American Quarterly: In Brief". Modern Railways. Shepperton, Middlesex: Ian Allan Ltd. XXIV (239): 409. * ^ Moody's Transportation Manual 1981 * ^ "Burlington Northern & Sante Fe: Merger". RailNews . Pentrex : 87. March 1997. Retrieved March 24, 2012. * ^ "Form 10-K: Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation for the year ended December 31, 2007". Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities and Exchange Commission
. February 15, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2012. * ^ Not including 692 route-miles operated by C&S, 1201 FW&D, 186 Oregon Electric, 152 Oregon Trunk, 19 Walla Walla Valley and 2 MA&CR. * ^ Not including 678 route-miles C&S and 1181 miles FW&D. * ^ fobnr.org * ^ trainpix.com * ^ fobnr.org * ^ fobnr.org * ^ nrrhof.org * ^ bnsf.com * ^ BN News, May 1971, pp. 1 * ^ google.com * ^ BN News, 1976 Overview pp.3-5 * ^ chicagotribune.com * ^ investing.businessweek.com * ^ Kenneth N. Gilpin Burlington Northern Promotes 2 Executives". The New York Times, December 18, 1985. * ^ Daniel F. Cuff. "Business People; Burlington Northern Names 2 Executives", The New York Times, October 21, 1988. * ^ finance.groups.yahoo.com * ^ leclairerail.com * ^ rrpicturearchives.net * ^ northeast.railfan.net * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ rrpicturearchives.net * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ railroadforums.com * ^ trainpx.com * ^ rrpicturearchives.net * ^ rrpicturearchives.net * ^ qstation.org * ^ rrpicturearchives.net * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ trainpix.com * ^ epa.gov Archived December 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
., " Burlington Northern (Brainerd/Baxter) Fact Sheet"

* Burlington System from the Handbook of Texas
Handbook of Texas
Online. Retrieved 2005-05-26. * american-rails.com, Burlington Northern History

EXTERNAL LINKS

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