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Paul David Hewson, OL (born 10 May 1960), known by his stage name Bono (/ˈbɒnoʊ/), is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist.[1] He is best known as the lead vocalist and primary lyricist of rock band U2. Bono
Bono
was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland. He attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School where he met his future wife, Alison Stewart, as well as schoolmates with whom he founded U2 in 1976.[2][3][4] Bono soon established himself as a passionate frontman for the band through his expressive vocal style and grandiose gestures and songwriting. His lyrics are known for their social and political themes, and for their religious imagery inspired by his Christian beliefs.[5][6] During U2's early years, Bono's lyrics contributed to the group's rebellious and spiritual tone.[5] As the band matured, his lyrics became inspired more by personal experiences shared with the other members.[3][5] As a member of U2, Bono
Bono
has received 22 Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
and has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Bono
Bono
is widely known for his activism for social justice causes, both through U2 and as an individual. He is particularly active in campaigning for Africa, for which he co-founded DATA, EDUN, the ONE Campaign, and Product Red.[3][7] In pursuit of these causes, he has participated in benefit concerts and met with influential politicians.[7][8][9] Bono
Bono
has been praised for his philanthropic efforts;[10][11][12] he was granted an honorary knighthood by Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
of the United Kingdom for "his services to the music industry and for his humanitarian work", and has been made a Commandeur of the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
(Order of Arts and Letters). In 2005, Bono
Bono
was named one of the Time Persons of the Year.[10][13][14] Outside the band, he has recorded with numerous artists.[15][16][17] He has collaborated with U2 bandmate the Edge on several projects, including: songs for Roy Orbison
Roy Orbison
and Tina Turner; the soundtracks to the musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark and a London stage adaptation of A Clockwork Orange; and the refurbishment of the Clarence Hotel
Clarence Hotel
in Dublin. He is Managing Director and a Managing Partner of the private equity firm Elevation Partners, which has invested in several companies.[18][19][20]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Personal life 3 Musical career

3.1 U2 3.2 Collaborations

4 Philanthropic work 5 Other endeavours 6 Filmography 7 Honours 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life Bono
Bono
was born in the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, on 10 May 1960.[21] He was raised in the Northside suburb of Finglas[22] with his brother (who is eight years older than Bono) by their mother, Iris (née Rankin), a member of the Church of Ireland, and their father, Brendan Robert "Bob" Hewson, a Roman Catholic.[2][3] His parents initially agreed that the first child would be raised Anglican
Anglican
and the second Catholic.[23] Although Bono
Bono
was the second child, he also attended Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
services with his mother and brother.[23]

The hearing aid shop, Bonavox, that provided Hewson with the nickname " Bono
Bono
Vox".

He went to the local primary Glasnevin National School.[24] Bono's mother died on 10 September 1974, after suffering a cerebral aneurysm at her father's funeral.[3] Many U2 songs, including "I Will Follow", "Mofo", "Out of Control", "Lemon" and "Tomorrow" focus on the loss of his mother.[3][25][26] Bono
Bono
attended Mount Temple Comprehensive School, a multi-denominational school in Clontarf. During his childhood and adolescence, Bono
Bono
and his friends were part of a surrealist street gang called "Lypton Village". Bono
Bono
met one of his closest friends, Guggi, in Lypton Village.[27] The gang had a ritual of nickname-giving. Bono
Bono
had several names: first, he was "Steinhegvanhuysenolegbangbangbang",[27] then just "Huyseman", followed by "Houseman", "Bon Murray", " Bono
Bono
Vox of O'Connell Street", and finally just "Bono".[3] " Bono
Bono
Vox" is an alteration of Bonavox, a Latin
Latin
phrase which translates to "good voice". It is said he was nicknamed " Bono
Bono
Vox" by his friend Gavin Friday. He initially disliked the name; however, when he learned it translated to "good voice", he accepted it. Hewson has been known as "Bono" since the late 1970s. Although he uses Bono
Bono
as his stage name, close family and friends also refer to him as Bono, including fellow band members.[3] After he left school, his father Bob Hewson, told him he could live at home for one year but if he was not able to pay his own way, he would have to leave the house.[27] Personal life

Bono
Bono
and his wife, Ali Hewson, with President Obama at Nelson Mandela's funeral in South Africa, December 2013

Bono
Bono
is married to activist and businesswoman Alison Hewson (née Stewart).[4] The couple have four children: daughters Jordan (born 10 May 1989) and Memphis Eve (7 July 1991) and sons Elijah Bob Patricius Guggi Q (17 August 1999) and John Abraham (20 May 2001).[28] Bono
Bono
is almost never seen in public without sunglasses, as he suffers from glaucoma.[29] During a Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
interview he stated:

[I have] very sensitive eyes to light. If somebody takes my photograph, I will see the flash for the rest of the day. My right eye swells up. I've a blockage there, so that my eyes go red a lot. So it's part vanity, it's part privacy and part sensitivity.[30]

"Spending time with Bono
Bono
was like eating dinner on a train—feels like you're moving, going somewhere. Bono's got the soul of an ancient poet and you have to be careful around him. He can roar 'till the earth shakes. He's also a closet philosopher...talks about the rightness, the richness, glory, beauty, wonder and magnificence of America."

—Bob Dylan, 2005[31]

In the late 1980s or early 90s, Bono
Bono
bought a top-floor duplex apartment in Manhattan's San Remo apartment building from Steve Jobs for $15 million. Jobs had renovated it for his own use, but never moved in.[32] In 2004, Bono
Bono
was given an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Pennsylvania.[33] In May 2010, Bono
Bono
suffered a spinal injury while preparing for a U2 tour, and was taken to a German clinic in Munich
Munich
for emergency neurosurgery.[34][35] The North American leg of the tour was postponed and rescheduled for 2011.[36][37] Bono
Bono
was named one of the 17 Irish artists to be proud of by the Irish Post on 9 April 2013.[38] Time magazine ranked him at the 8th place on its list of the "Most Influential Celebrities" in 2013; he was the only person from the music industry in the Top 10.[39] Bono's work as an activist, which is due largely to his Christian beliefs,[40] began in earnest when, inspired by Live Aid, he travelled to Ethiopia to work in a feeding camp with his wife Alison and the charity World Vision, an Evangelical Christian humanitarian aid, development, and advocacy organisation.[40] With regard to Bono's 2013 declarations in interviews published and videotaped of his faith in Jesus
Jesus
Christ,[41] he states that Christ was either who he said he was, or he is "a complete and utter nutcase".[42][43] As early as 2005, Bono
Bono
was invoking this argument,[44][45] identified as the "Lewis trilemma". On 16 November 2014, Bono
Bono
was involved in a "high energy bicycle accident" when he attempted to avoid another rider. Bono
Bono
was rushed to NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center's Emergency Department and underwent "multiple X-rays and CAT scans" followed by five hours of surgery. Bono
Bono
suffered fractures of the shoulder blade, humerus, orbit and pinky finger. Orthopedic trauma surgeon Dean Lorich, MD, stated that "[Bono] was taken urgently to the operating room... where the elbow was washed out and debrided, a nerve trapped in the break was moved and the bone was repaired with three metal plates and 18 screws."[46][47] Bono
Bono
posted to U2's official website, "As I write this, it is not clear that I will ever play guitar again," as reported in Cycling Weekly.[48][49] Musical career U2

Bono
Bono
on stage in 1983

Main article: U2 On 25 September 1976, Bono, David Evans ("The Edge"), his brother Dik and Adam Clayton
Adam Clayton
responded to an advertisement on a bulletin board at Mount Temple posted by fellow student Larry Mullen Jr.
Larry Mullen Jr.
to form a rock band. The band had occasional jam sessions in which they did covers of other bands. Tired of long guitar solos and hard rock, Bono
Bono
wanted to play The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
and Beach Boys
Beach Boys
songs.[citation needed] The band could not play covers very well, so they started writing their own songs.[50] The band went by the name "Feedback" for a few months, before changing to "The Hype" later on. After Dik Evans
Dik Evans
left the group to join another local band, the Virgin Prunes, the remaining four officially changed the name from "The Hype" to "U2". Initially Bono
Bono
sang, played guitar and wrote the band's songs. He said of his early guitar playing in a 1982 interview, "When we started out I was the guitar player, along with the Edge—except I couldn't play guitar. I still can't. I was such a lousy guitar player that one day they broke it to me that maybe I should sing instead. I had tried before, but I had no voice at all. I remember the day I found I could sing. I said, 'Oh, that's how you do it.'"[51] When The Edge's guitar playing improved, Bono
Bono
was relegated mostly to the microphone, although he occasionally still plays rhythm guitar and harmonica. As of 2006, Bono
Bono
has taken piano lessons from his children's piano teacher as a means to improve his songwriting.[52]

Bono
Bono
(right) with Sting during A Conspiracy of Hope
A Conspiracy of Hope
in 1986

Bono
Bono
writes the lyrics for almost all U2 songs, which often have social and political themes.[5] His lyrics frequently allude to a religious connection or meaning, evident in songs such as "Gloria" from the band's album October and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For" from The Joshua Tree.[6] During the band's early years, Bono
Bono
was known for his rebellious tone which turned to political anger and rage during the band's War, The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
and Rattle and Hum eras.[5] Following the Enniskillen bombing that left 11 dead and 63 injured on 8 November 1987, the Provisional IRA paramilitaries threatened to kidnap Bono.[3] IRA supporters also attacked a vehicle carrying the band members.[3] These acts were in response to his speech condemning the Enniskillen bombing during a live performance of "Sunday Bloody Sunday".[3] The singer had been advised to cut his on-stage outburst from the Rattle and Hum
Rattle and Hum
film, but it was left in.[53] Also featured in the film is footage of Bono
Bono
spray-painting a monument during an outdoor performance; Bono
Bono
was forced to pay a fine.

Bono
Bono
as his alter-ego "The Fly" on the Zoo TV Tour
Zoo TV Tour
in 1992

U2's sound and focus dramatically changed with their 1991 album, Achtung Baby. Bono's lyrics became more personal, inspired by experiences related to the private lives of the members of the band.[3][5] During the band's Zoo TV Tour
Zoo TV Tour
several of his stage personas were showcased; these included "The Fly", a stereotypical rock star, the "Mirror Ball Man", a parody of American televangelists, and "Mr. MacPhisto", a combination of a corrupted rock star and the Devil.[3][5] During performances he attempts to interact with the crowd as often as possible and is known for pulling audience members onto the stage or moving himself down to the physical level of the audience.[3] This has happened on several occasions including at the Live Aid
Live Aid
concert in 1985 where he leapt off the stage and pulled a woman from the crowd to dance with her as the band played "Bad", and in 2005 during U2's Vertigo Tour
Vertigo Tour
stop in Chicago, where he pulled a boy onto the stage during the song "An Cat Dubh / Into the Heart".[3][54] Bono
Bono
has often allowed fans to come on stage and perform songs with the band. Bono
Bono
has won numerous awards with U2, including 22 Grammy awards and the 2003 Golden Globe award for best original song, "The Hands That Built America", for the film Gangs of New York.[11][55] During the live broadcast of the Golden Globe ceremony, Bono
Bono
called the award "really, really fucking brilliant!".[56] In response, the Parents Television Council condemned Bono
Bono
for his profanity and started a campaign for its members to file complaints with the FCC.[57] Although Bono's use of "fuck" violated FCC indecency standards, the FCC refused to fine NBC because the network did not receive advance notice of the consequences of broadcasting such profanity and the profanity in question was not used in its literal sexual meaning.[58] In apparent reaction to the refusal,[59] a group of congressmen introduced House Resolution 3687, the "Clean Airwaves Act",[60] on 8 December 2003,[61] aiming to amend section 1464 of title 18 of the United States Code to provide an explicit list of profane words and phrases and remove ambiguity that could enable certain uses of the phrases to be allowed.[62] The bill was not enacted.[61] The incident has had a long-term impact in the handling of profanity on live broadcasts.[60]

U2 performing at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
in November 2005.

In 2005, the U2 band members were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in their first year of eligibility.[63] In November 2008, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
ranked Bono
Bono
the 32nd-greatest singer of all time.[64] In 2015, the magazine ranked Bono
Bono
and the Edge at number 35 on its list of the 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time.[65] U2 were criticised in 2007 for moving part of their multimillion-euro song catalogue from Ireland to Amsterdam
Amsterdam
six months before Ireland ended a tax exemption on musicians' royalties.[12][66] Under Dutch tax law, bands are subject to low to non-existent tax rates.[12] U2's manager, Paul McGuinness, stated that the arrangement is legal and customary and businesses often seek to minimise their tax burdens.[12] The move prompted criticisms in the Irish parliament.[67][68] The band later responded by stating that approximately 95% of their business took place outside Ireland, and that they were taxed globally because of this.[69] Bono
Bono
was one of several wealthy figures whose tax arrangements were singled out for criticism in a report by the charity Christian Aid
Christian Aid
in 2008.[70] Collaborations

Bono
Bono
and Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
in Modena, Italy on the stage of Pavarotti & Friends 1995

In addition to his work with U2, he has collaborated with Frank Sinatra,[15] Johnny Cash,[16] Willie Nelson,[71] Luciano Pavarotti,[72] Sinéad O'Connor,[73] Green Day, Tom Petty, Roy Orbison,[74] Bob Dylan,[17] Patti Smith, Tina Turner,[75] B.B. King and Zucchero.[76][77][78] He has recorded with Ray Charles,[79] Quincy Jones, Kirk Franklin,[80] Bruce Springsteen,[81] Tony Bennett,[82] Clannad,[83] The Corrs,[84] Wyclef Jean,[85] Kylie Minogue,[86] Carl Perkins,[87] Herbert Grönemeyer,[88] Jay-Z
Jay-Z
and Rihanna, as well as reportedly completing an unreleased duet with Jennifer Lopez.[89] On Robbie Robertson's 1987 eponymous album, he plays bass guitar and vocals.[90] On Michael Hutchence's 1999 posthumous eponymous album, Bono
Bono
completed a recording of "Slide Away" as a duet with Hutchence.[91] Bono
Bono
recently collaborated with African stars like D'banj, Waje
Waje
and Omotola Jalade Ekeinde
Omotola Jalade Ekeinde
for the women empowerment song titled "Strong Girl".[92] Bono
Bono
and the Edge also wrote the music and lyrics for the Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. On 25 May 2011, a single titled "Rise Above 1" by Reeve Carney
Reeve Carney
featuring Bono
Bono
and The Edge
The Edge
was released digitally.[93] The music video was released on 28 July 2011.[94] Philanthropic work

Bono
Bono
with then President Lula da Silva
Lula da Silva
of Brazil in 2006

Bono
Bono
has become one of the world's best-known philanthropic performers and was named the most politically effective celebrity of all time by the National Journal.[95][96][97] He has been dubbed, "the face of fusion philanthropy",[98] both for his success enlisting powerful allies from a diverse spectrum of leaders in government, religious institutions, philanthropic organisations, popular media, and the business world, as well as for spearheading new organizational networks that bind global humanitarian relief with geopolitical activism and corporate commercial enterprise.[99] In a 1986 interview with Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine, Bono
Bono
explained that he was motivated to become involved in social and political causes by seeing one of the Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows, staged by John Cleese
John Cleese
and producer Martin Lewis for the human-rights organisation Amnesty International
Amnesty International
in 1979.[100] "I saw 'The Secret Policeman's Ball' and it became a part of me. It sowed a seed...". In 2001, Bono
Bono
arranged for U2 to videotape a special live performance for that year's Amnesty benefit show. In 1984, Bono
Bono
sang on the Band Aid single "Do They Know it's Christmas?/Feed the World" (a role that was reprised on the 2004 Band Aid 20 and 2014 Band Aid 30 singles of the same name).[101] Bob Geldof and Bono
Bono
later collaborated to organise the 2005 Live 8
Live 8
project, where U2 also performed.[9] Bono
Bono
and U2 performed on Amnesty's Conspiracy of Hope tour of the United States in 1986 alongside Sting.[8] U2 also performed in the Band Aid and Live Aid
Live Aid
projects, organised by Geldof.[102]

Bono
Bono
and then-U.S. President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2006

Since 1999, Bono
Bono
has become increasingly involved in campaigning for third-world debt relief and raising awareness of the plight of Africa, including the AIDS pandemic. In the past decade Bono
Bono
has met with several influential politicians, including former United States President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and former Canadian Prime Minister Paul Martin.[103] During a March 2002 visit to the White House, after President Bush unveiled a $5 billion aid package, he accompanied the President for a speech on the White House lawn where he stated, "This is an important first step, and a serious and impressive new level of commitment. (...) This must happen urgently, because this is a crisis."[103] In May of that year, Bono
Bono
took US Treasury Secretary Paul H. O'Neill
Paul H. O'Neill
on a four-country tour of Africa. In contrast, in 2005, Bono
Bono
spoke on CBC Radio, alleging then Prime Minister Martin was being slow about increasing Canada's foreign aid.[104] In 2004, he was awarded the Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda
International Presidential Medal of Honour from the Government of Chile.[105] Time Magazine named Bono
Bono
one of the "100 Most Influential People" in its May 2004 special issue[106] and again in the 2006 Time 100 special issue.[107] In 2005, Time, named Bono, with Bill and Melinda Gates, a Person of the Year.[14] Also in 2005, he received the Portuguese Order of Liberty for his humanitarian work.[108] That year Bono
Bono
was also among the first three recipients of the TED Prize, which grants each winner "A wish to change the world".[109] Bono
Bono
made three wishes,[110] the first two related to the ONE campaign
ONE campaign
and the third that every hospital, health clinic and school in Ethiopia should be connected to the Internet. TED rejected the third wish as being a sub-optimal way for TED to help Africa[110] and instead organised a TED conference in Arusha, Tanzania. Bono
Bono
attended the conference, which was held in June 2007. In 2005 he recorded a version of "Don't Give Up" with Alicia Keys, with proceeds going to Keep a Child Alive.[111] On 3 April 2005, Bono paid a personal tribute to John Paul II
John Paul II
and called him "a street fighter and a wily campaigner on behalf of the world's poor. We would never have gotten the debts of 23 countries completely cancelled without him."[112] Bono
Bono
spoke in advance of President Bush at the 54th Annual National Prayer Breakfast, held at the Hilton Washington
Hilton Washington
Hotel on 2 February 2006. In a speech containing biblical references, Bono encouraged the care of the socially and economically depressed. His comments included a call for an extra one percent tithe of the United States' national budget. He brought his Christian views into harmony with other faiths by noting that Christian, Jewish, and Muslim writings all call for the care of the widow, orphan, and stranger. President Bush received praise from the singer-activist for the United States' increase in aid for the African continent. Bono
Bono
continued by saying much work is left to be done to be a part of God's ongoing purposes.[7]

Bono
Bono
at the World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum
meeting in Davos, 2008.

Also in 2005, Bono, Ali Hewson
Ali Hewson
and designer Rogan Gregory co-founded the EDUN fashion label ("nude" spelled backwards, to suggest both "natural" and the Garden of Eden).[113] It was intended to help bring about positive change in Africa through a fair trade-based relationship rather than by direct aid.[114][115] On 15 December 2005, Paul Theroux
Paul Theroux
published an op-ed in The New York Times called The Rock Star's Burden (cf. Kipling's The White Man's Burden) that criticised stars such as Bono, Brad Pitt, and Angelina Jolie, labelling them as "mythomaniacs, people who wish to convince the world of their worth." Theroux, who lived in Africa as a Peace Corps Volunteer, added that "the impression that Africa is fatally troubled and can be saved only by outside help—not to mention celebrities and charity concerts—is a destructive and misleading conceit."[116] Elsewhere, Bono
Bono
has been criticised, along with other celebrities, for "[ignoring] the legitimate voices of Africa and [turning] a global movement for justice into a grand orgy of narcissistic philanthropy".[117]

Bono
Bono
at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.

In 2007, Bono
Bono
was named in the UK's New Years Honours List as an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[13][118] He was formally granted knighthood on 29 March 2007 in a ceremony at the residence of British Ambassador David Reddaway
David Reddaway
in Dublin, Ireland.[119] Bono
Bono
also received the NAACP Image Award's chairman's Award in 2007.[120] On 24 May 2007, the National Constitution Center
National Constitution Center
in Philadelphia announced that Bono
Bono
would receive the Philadelphia Liberty Medal on 27 September 2007 for his work to end world poverty and hunger.[121] On 28 September 2007, in accepting the Liberty Medal, Bono
Bono
said, "When you are trapped by poverty, you are not free. When trade laws prevent you from selling the food you grew, you are not free ... When you are a monk in Burma this very week, barred from entering a temple because of your gospel of peace ... well, then none of us are truly free". Bono
Bono
donated the $100,000 prize to the organisation. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
accepted the award for the Washington-based Debt AIDS Trade Africa.[122] The organisation DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade, Africa) was established in 2002 by Bono
Bono
and Bobby Shriver, along with activists from the Jubilee 2000 Drop the Debt Campaign.[123] DATA aims to eradicate poverty and HIV/AIDS in Africa.[123] DATA encourages Americans to contact senators and other legislators and elected officials to voice their opinions.[123] Bono
Bono
was a special guest editor of the July 2007 issue of Vanity Fair magazine. The issue was named "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power" and featured an assortment of 20 different covers, with photographs by Annie Leibovitz
Annie Leibovitz
of a number of prominent celebrities, political leaders, and philanthropists. Each one showcased in the issue for their contributions to the humanitarian relief in Africa.[124]

Bono
Bono
meeting with US President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in 2010.

In an article in Bloomberg Markets in March 2007, journalists Richard Tomlinson and Fergal O'Brien noted that Bono
Bono
used his band's 2006 Vertigo world tour to promote his ONE Campaign
ONE Campaign
while at the same time "U2 was racking up $389 million in gross ticket receipts, making Vertigo the second-most lucrative tour of all time, according to Billboard magazine ... Revenue from the Vertigo tour is funnelled through companies that are mostly registered in Ireland and structured to minimise taxes."[125] Further criticism came in November 2007, when Bono's various charity campaigns were targeted by Jobs Selasie, head of African Aid Action. Selasie claimed that these charities had increased corruption and dependency in Africa because they failed to work with African entrepreneurs and grassroots organisations, and as a result, Africa has become more dependent on international handouts.[126] Bono responded to his critics in Times Online on 19 February 2006, calling them "cranks carping from the sidelines. A lot of them wouldn't know what to do if they were on the field. They're the party who will always be in opposition so they'll never have to take responsibility for decisions because they know they'll never be able to implement them."[127] In November 2007, Bono
Bono
was honoured by NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
as someone "making a difference" in the world.[128] He and anchor Brian Williams had travelled to Africa in May 2007 to showcase the humanitarian crisis on the continent.[129] On 11 December 2008, Bono
Bono
was given the annual Man of Peace prize, awarded by several Nobel Peace Prize laureates in Paris, France.[130] Product Red
Product Red
is another initiative begun by Bono
Bono
and Bobby Shriver
Bobby Shriver
to raise money for the Global Fund
Global Fund
to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria.[131] Bobby Shriver
Bobby Shriver
has been announced as the CEO of Product Red, while Bono
Bono
is currently an active public spokesperson for the brand. Product Red
Product Red
is a brand that is licensed to partner companies, such as American Express, Apple, Converse, Motorola, Microsoft, Dell, The Gap and Giorgio Armani.[132] Each company creates a product with the Product Red
Product Red
logo and a percentage of the profits from the sale of these labelled products will go to the Global Fund.[133] In 2016, Glamour named him "Man of the Year", breaking the 26-year tradition that saw the "Woman of the Year" accolade reserved only for women. Bono
Bono
was recognized for establishing a campaign called "Poverty is Sexist," which is "specifically aimed at helping the world's poorest women".[134] Other endeavours

Bono
Bono
performing with U2 in 2011

In 1992, Bono, along with the Edge, bought and refurbished Dublin's two-star 70-bedroom Clarence Hotel, and converted it into a five-star 49-bedroom hotel.[20] The Edge
The Edge
and Bono
Bono
have recorded several songs together, exclusive of the band. They also worked on the score for the 2011 rock musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark.[135] In May 2007, MTV reported that Bono
Bono
was writing the foreword for a collection of poetry entitled "Third Rail".[136] The book's foreword details the meanings of its poetry, stating "The poets who fill the pews here have come to testify, to bear witness to the mysterious power of rock and roll...Rock and roll is truly a broad church, but each lights a candle to their vision of what it is."[136] The collection, edited by poet Jonathan Wells, contains titles such as " Punk rock
Punk rock
You're My Big Crybaby", "Variation on a Theme by Whitesnake" and " Vince Neil
Vince Neil
Meets Josh in a Chinese Restaurant in Malibu (After Ezra Pound)."[136] Bono
Bono
is on the board of the Elevation Partners
Elevation Partners
private-equity firm, which attempted to purchase Eidos Interactive
Eidos Interactive
in 2005 and has since gone on to invest in other entertainment businesses.[19][137] Bono
Bono
has invested in the Forbes
Forbes
Media group in the US through Elevation Partners. Elevation Partners
Elevation Partners
became the first outsider to invest in the company, taking a minority stake in Forbes
Forbes
Media LLC, a new company encompassing the 89-year-old business which includes Forbes magazine, the Forbes.com website and other assets. The terms of the deal were not disclosed, but reports said the stake was worth about €194 million ($250m).[138][139][140] The firm also owns a 1.5 percent stake in social networking site Facebook, originally purchased for $210m.[18] Although it was reported that Bono's stake was valued at approximately US$ 1 billion in February 2012,[141][142] a 2015 article in Forbes
Forbes
stated that this estimate was based on an incorrect attribution of shares.[143]

Bono
Bono
was among those cited in the Paradise Papers
Paradise Papers
for dubious tax avoidance practices. He was alleged to employ a network of off shore shell companies to avoid taxes. As of November 2017, one of these companies is under investigation by the Lithuanian tax authority VMI for improperly reporting its profits on the purchase of a shopping center thereby avoiding tax payments.[144] Filmography For U2 concert releases and music videos, see U2 videography.

Year Film Role Notes

1988 Rattle and Hum Himself Rockumentary

1998 The Simpsons Himself TV series; one episode, "Trash of the Titans"

1999 Classic Albums Himself TV series; one episode, "The Joshua Tree"

Entropy Himself

2000 The Million Dollar Hotel Man in the hotel lobby Uncredited cameo appearance, original storywriter, producer

Sightings of Bono Himself Short film

2005 Entourage Himself TV series; one episode, "I Love You Too"

2007 Rewind Himself Rockumentary

Across The Universe Dr. Robert Sang the Beatles songs "I Am the Walrus" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"

American Idol Himself TV series; "Idol Gives Back"

2008 U2 3D Himself 3D concert film

2009 Entourage Himself TV series; one episode, "Give a Little Bit"

Brüno Himself Mockumentary comedy film

2011 From the Sky Down Himself Rockumentary

Anton Corbijn
Anton Corbijn
Inside Out Himself

2012 B.B. King – The Life of Riley Himself Documentary

The Resurrection of Victor Jara Himself

2013 Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
in Here Comes The Night Time Win Butler impersonator NBC Special

Muscle Shoals Himself Documentary

In addition to his acting credits Bono
Bono
has contributed music to films, as part of U2 and other collaborations. Honours

Officer of the Order of Liberty, Portugal
Portugal
(21 April 2005)[145][146]

See also

Ireland portal Biography portal U2 portal

Timeline of U2 A. bonoi, a species of spider in the genus Aptostichus
Aptostichus
named after Bono

References

Footnotes

^ "Bono: A Global Rock Star and Activist". Oprah.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ a b "U2 Biography—Bono". Macphisto.net. 2006. Retrieved 3 May 2007.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Assayas, Michka (2005). Bono
Bono
on Bono: Conversations with Michka Assayas. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-83276-2.  ^ a b " Adam Clayton
Adam Clayton
biography – U2 bassist". atU2.com. Retrieved 19 November 2010. ; Moss, Vincent (24 December 2006). "The Unforgettable Sire". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 19 November 2010. ; McIntosh, Elise (3 October 2006). "In Music and Love, U2 Has Staying Power". Staten Island Advance.  ^ a b c d e f g "Bono: Biography from @U2". atU2.com. Retrieved 19 November 2010.  ^ a b Stockman (2005) ^ a b c Bono. (February 2006). Remarks at the National Prayer Breakfast. Speech presented at Hilton Washington
Hilton Washington
Hotel at Washington, DC. ^ a b Booth, C. (23 June 1986). Conspiracy of Hope Tour. Time, 127. ^ a b Wolinsky, D. (31 May 2005). DMB, U2 Lead Live 7 Shows. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 25 July 2007, from Rolling Stone. ^ a b Mellgren, D. (24 February 2006). Bono
Bono
Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees. Associated Press. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from Bono
Bono
Among Nobel Peace Prize Nominees. ^ a b "Grammy Winners List: Artist – U2". Grammy.com. The Recording Academy. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010.  ^ a b c d Browning, Lynnley (4 February 2007). "The Netherlands, the New Tax Shelter Hot Spot". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 March 2007.  ^ a b "Honorary knighthood for U2's Bono". BBC News. (23 December 2006). Retrieved 14 January 2007 ^ a b Gibbs, N. (26 December 2005). The Good Samaritans. Time, 166. ^ a b Simon, S. (Host). (13 November 1993). Weekend Edition Saturday. Washington, DC: National Public Radio. ^ a b "News". Lost Highway Records. 10 October 2005. Archived from the original on 24 October 2005. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ a b Bono
Bono
(10 August 1984). BONO, BOB AND VAN. Hot Press. ^ a b "Billboard.biz". Billboard. 18 May 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ a b Elevation Partners. (2007). Introduction to Elevation Partners Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ a b The Clarence Hotel. (Unknown last update). At the Clarence Archived 5 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Wall, Mick (2006). Bono: In the Name of Love. Andre Deutsch Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-233-00177-7. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ "It's where I shaped my future, says Bono". Evening Herald. Herald.ie. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ a b Dunphy, Eamon (1987). Unforgettable Fire: The Definitive Biography of U2. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-51459-4.  ^ Matthews (2008), p. 8. ^ McCormick, Neil (1 January 1997). "Growing Up With U2". The Daily Telegraph.  ^ Schruers, Fred (May 1983). "U2: Small Victories in a Rock and Roll Struggle of Sound and Emotion Report". Musician Magazine.  ^ a b c Edge, Adam Clayton, Larry Mullen Jr.
Larry Mullen Jr.
U2 by U2. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-077674-9. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Biography for Bono
Bono
on IMDb ^ Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (17 October 2014). "Bono: I've had glaucoma for past 20 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2014.  ^ Wenner, Jann (3 November 2005). "Bono – The Rolling Stone Interview". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
(986).  ^ Dylan, Bob. Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
Chronicles, vol. I, Simon & Schuster, N.Y. (2004) p. 174 ^ Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4516-4853-9.  ^ "Penn News Recording Artist/Activist Bono
Bono
to Deliver Commencement Address at University of Pennsylvania". Upenn.edu. 15 March 2004. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ "Bono's back surgery puts U2 dates in jeopardy". The BBC. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2010.  ^ " Bono
Bono
Discharged From Hospital". U2.com. 25 May 2010.  ^ "North American Leg Postponed". U2.com. 25 May 2010.  ^ "North American Dates Will Be Rescheduled in 2011". U2.com. 25 May 2010.  ^ "17 Irish artists to be proud of". Irishpost.co.uk. 9 April 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ Pomerantz, Dorothy (14 March 2013). "Down, But Hardly Out: Oprah Winfrey Tops Forbes
Forbes
2013 List Of The Most Influential Celebrities". Forbes. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ a b "Bono: Biography from @U2". Atu2.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "U2's Bono
Bono
Discusses His Faith and Insecurity Over New Album". Christian News, The Gospel Herald. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "U2's Bono: Yes, Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God". WND. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Video on YouTube, Retrieved 18 April 2014. ^ Michka Assayas, Bono
Bono
in Conversation, (Riverhead Hardcover, 2005) page 205. ^ "Bono: Grace over Karma". Crosswalk. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Newman, Jason (19 November 2014). " Bono
Bono
Treated With Metal Plates, 'Intensive Therapy' After Bike Injury". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 January 2015.  ^ "Injured Bono
Bono
keeps his head down as he's seen for the first time since emergency surgery after bike crash". evoke.ie. 24 December 2014.  ^ "Cycling Injuries mean Bono
Bono
May Never Play Guitar Again". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 1 January 2015.  ^ "Bono's guitar playing days may be over after cycling accident". evoke.ie. 2 January 2015.  ^ Henke, James (9 June 1983). "Blessed Are the Peacemakers". Rolling Stone (397): 11–14.  ^ " Bono
Bono
in San Antonio". U2 magazine (3). May 1982.  ^ "U2— Bono
Bono
Takes Piano Lessons". Contactmusic.com. 6 February 2006. Retrieved 14 February 2008.  ^ Hamlyn, Michael (producer), and Joanou, Phil (director) (1988). Rattle and Hum
Rattle and Hum
(Motion picture). United States: Paramount Pictures.  ^ O'Hanlon, Ned (producer), and Hamilton, Hamish (director) (2005). Vertigo 2005: Live From Chicago (Motion picture). United States: 3DD Entertainment.  ^ "Award Search – Bono". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 19 November 2010.  ^ Boliek, Brooks (5 June 2007). "Appeals court throws out FCC indecency ruling". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2007.  ^ "PTC condemns NBC" (Press release). Parents Television Council. 20 January 2003. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 16 July 2007.  ^ Ahrens, Frank (19 March 2004). "FCC Says Bono
Bono
Profanity Violated Standards, but Won't Fine NBC". The Washington Post. pp. E1. Retrieved 16 July 2007.  ^ "Congressmen introduces bill to curb profanity in broadcasting". Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. 8 January 2004.  ^ a b Clay Calvert (2004). "Bono, the Culture Wars, and a Profane Decision: The FCC's Reversal of Course on Indecency Determinations and Its New Path on Profanity". Seattle University Law Review. 28 (1): 61–95.  ^ a b H.R. 3687 (108th) – GovTrack ^ Bill Holland (10 January 2004). "Fox Runs Afoul of FCC". Billboard. p. 8.  ^ [1] Archived 23 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "100 Greatest Singers of All Time – No. 32: Bono". Rolling Stone (1066). 27 November 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2010.  ^ "The 100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time". Rolling Stone. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2017.  ^ McConnell, Daniel (6 August 2006). "U2 move their rock empire out of Ireland". The Irish Independent. Retrieved 25 February 2009.  ^ Fergal O'Brien (15 October 2006). "Bono, Preacher on Poverty, Tarnishes Halo With Irish Tax Move". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 5 August 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ Hyde, Marina (February 2007). "They live like aristocrats. Now they think like them". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 16 February 2007.  ^ "U2 reject tax avoidance claims". Belfast Telegraph. 26 February 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2009.  ^ Horin, Adele
Adele
(26 July 2008). "Tax tourists and the crown prince of thieves". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. Retrieved 19 March 2015.  ^ U2. (1998). Slow Dancing. On If God Will Send His Angels [CD-Single]. New York: Island Records. ^ Louie, R. (6 February 1996). Short Takes. Buffalo News. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Opera man Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
wants to be hip. ^ Voyer, R. (1 October 2005).. Splendid. Retrieved 3 May 2007, from Splendid Magazine reviews Sinéad O'Connor
Sinéad O'Connor
Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. splendidezine.com. ^ Orbison, R. (1989). "She's a Mystery to Me". On Mystery Girl
Mystery Girl
[CD]. London: Virgin Records. ^ Various Artists. (1995). Goldeneye. On Goldeneye: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack [CD]. New York: Virgin Records. ^ Miserere (CD). Zucchero
Zucchero
/ Luciano Pavarotti. PolyGram
PolyGram
Italia s.r.i. 1992. 864 401–2.  ^ Kissel, Howard (6 August 1998). "Platinum Tenor Meet Opera Sensation Andrea Bocelli, Italy's 'Young Pavarotti'". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 17 February 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ U2. (1988). When Love Comes to Town. On Rattle and Hum
Rattle and Hum
[CD]. New York: Island Records. ^ U2 Wanderer. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—Q's Jook Joint. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Kirk Franklin. (1998). Lean on me. On THE NU NATION PROJECT [CD-Album]. Inglewood: GospoCentric Records. ^ Stanley, A. (19 May 2007). Bruce Springsteen: THE RISING TOUR 2003-2003 FINAL TOUR STATISTICS. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ TonyBennett.net. (Unknown last update). Tony Bennett, Columbia Records. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ U2tour.de. (Unknown last update). In A Lifetime (Clannad & Bono). Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Cashmere, P. (14 April 2004). The Corrs
The Corrs
Record Another Bono
Bono
Song. Undercover Media. Retrieved 4 July 2007, from undercover.com.au Archived 19 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ U2Wanderer.org. (Unknown last update). U2 Discography—New Day Single. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ "Kylie's Bono
Bono
Moment – Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
– News – MTV UK". MTV UK. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Koda, Cub. Go Cat Go – Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
at AllMusic. Retrieved 25 November 2011. ^ Mensch feat. Bono
Bono
von Herbert Grönemeyer
Herbert Grönemeyer
– laut.de – Song ^ Barile, L.A. (28 March 2003). PASSAGES: Jennifer Lopez's Latest Duet Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. People. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Robbie Robertson. (1987). Sweet Fire of Love. On Robbie Robertson [CD-Album]. Santa Monica: Geffen Records. ^ "Michael Hutchence's Brother Praises Kylie And Bono". 15 August 2006. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ " D'banj
D'banj
Bono, Waje, Omotola Jalade-Ekeinde star in conscious 'Strong girl' remix". Pulse.com.gh. David Mawuli. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ " Rise Above 1
Rise Above 1
by Reeve Carney
Reeve Carney
feat. Bono
Bono
and the Edge – Rolling Stone Music – Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "'Spider-Man' star Reeve Carney
Reeve Carney
in new video with Bono, the Edge". Los Angeles Times. Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 28 July 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Ronald Brownstein, [2], The NJ 20 29 April 2011. ^ Michael Anft, Brennen Jensen, and Ian Wilhelm, "Voicing Support for Charity", The Chronicle of Philanthropy 3 August 2006. ^ Dean Goodman, "Hollywood Hails U2's Bono
Bono
for Philanthropy", Reuters New Media 15 February 2002 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-05.  ^ Tom Zeller, Jr. (13 November 2006). "Trying to Throw His Arms Around the World". The New York Times.  ^ "Nancy Gibbs, "The Good Samaritans"". Time. 19 December 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Boyd, B. (20 October 2006). A secret history of the old Ball game. Irish Times. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Robert Palmer (21 April 1985). "Music becomes food for the hungry". The New York Times. p. 60.  ^ Flannery, M. (15 July 1985). Bob Geldof. Philadelphia Daily News, pp. L15. ^ a b Denny, C., & Black, I. (15 March 2002). US and Europe boost aid to poorest countries. The Guardian. Retrieved 14 January 2007. ^ Harris, K. (23 April 2005). Bono
Bono
Upset at PM. Toronto Sun. Retrieved 14 January 2007. ^ Langlois, F. (23 September 2004). John Ralston Saul awarded the Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda
International Presidential Medal of Honour. Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 14 January 2007 ^ "2004 TIME 100". Time Magazine. 26 April 2004.  ^ "2006 TIME 100". Time Magazine: 84. 2006.  ^ [3] ^ "TED Prize". TED. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ a b "TED Conference page". Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ "Alicia Keys, Bono
Bono
to raise funds with AIDS song". Associated Press. 2 December 2005.  ^ Gundersen, Edna (4 April 2005). " Bono
Bono
recalls pontiff's affection for the poor—and cool sunglasses". USA Today. Retrieved 26 April 2010.  ^ Masterson, John (6 March 2005). "Ali's other Eden". Irish Independent. Dublin. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013.  ^ "Fashion with a Conscience". Heyoka. Spring 2006. Archived from the original on 17 June 2006.  ^ "About Edun". EDUN. Archived from the original on 29 March 2007. Retrieved 24 March 2007.  ^ Theroux, Paul (15 December 2005). "The Rock Star's Burden". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Ahmad, Muhammad Idrees (15 August 2005). "Live 8 – A movement robbed of its colours". Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2009.  ^ [Unknown Author] (23 December 2006). Bono
Bono
gets honorary knighthood. RTÉ News. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from RTE. ^ [Unknown Author], (29 March 2007). Don't call him 'sir': U2's Bono knighted. Associated Press. Retrieved 29 March 2007. ^ [4] Archived 29 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Home—Liberty Medal—National Constitution Center". Constitutioncenter.org. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ " Bono
Bono
Gets Medal for His Work in Africa". Huffingpost.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ a b c "debt AIDS trade africa". ONE. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "The Africa Issue: Politics & Power" Archived 5 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine., Vanity Fair July 2007. The concept behind the 20 covers was termed as to represent a "visual chain letter". The covers feature Don Cheadle, Barack Obama, Muhammad Ali, Bono, Queen Rania
Queen Rania
of Jordan, Condoleezza Rice, George W. Bush, Desmond Tutu, Brad Pitt, Djimon Hounsou, Madonna, Maya Angelou, Chris Rock, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Melinda Gates, Oprah Winfrey, George Clooney, Jay-Z, Alicia Keys, and Iman Abdulmajid. ^ "Bloomberg Markets, " Bono
Bono
Inc", March 2007" (PDF). Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ " Bono
Bono
and Bob Geldof
Bob Geldof
increase Africa's problems say charity". NME.COM. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "Michka Assayas meets Bono". The Times. Timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ [5] Archived 18 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Brian Williams
Brian Williams
in Africa,". Msnbc.msn.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ "Nobel laureates crown U2's Bono
Bono
'man of peace'". @U2: Independent Site for U2 Fans. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Persuaders, LLC. (2007). What RED Is, How RED Works. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Persuaders, LLC. (2007). Products Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Smykil, J. (4 November 2006). Update: The Other Red meat "charity". Message posted to arstechnica.com; Macintouch Reader Reports. (7 November 2006). Fraud Reports: Jack Campbell. Retrieved 14 January 2007, from macintouch.com[permanent dead link]. ^ Amanpour, Christiane (1 November 2016). " Bono
Bono
Just Became Glamour's First Man of the Year". Glamour. Retrieved 3 November 2016.  ^ Kit, B. (19 April 2007). Bono, Edge Penning Tunes For 'Spider-Man' Musical. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ a b c MTV News staff. (17 May 2007). U2 frontman writes forward to poetry collection. MTV News. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ Fahey, R. (22 April 2005). Elevation Partners
Elevation Partners
withdraws its offer for Eidos. gi. Retrieved 4 July 2007. ^ " Bono
Bono
consortium buys a stake in Forbes – RTÉ Ten". Rte.ie. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014.  ^ Carr, David (7 August 2006). "Investors, Including Bono, Buy a Piece of Forbes". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 February 2011.  ^ Nussbaum, Bruce. (7 August 2006) Bono
Bono
Buys Into Forbes, Launches Product Red
Product Red
in US and Expands His Brand. BusinessWeek. Retrieved 13 February 2011. ^ Deegan, Gordon (2015-08-30). " Bono
Bono
become world's richest pop star with '£1 billion' fortune". mirror. Retrieved 2017-03-11.  ^ "$1 billion Facebook
Facebook
fortune for Bono". New Zealand Herald. 4 February 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2012.  ^ Robehmed, Natalie. "Why U2's Bono
Bono
Isn't A Billionaire". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-03-11.  ^ Untersuchungen in Litauen: Bonos Firma im Visier tagesschau.de 6 November 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2017 ^ "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Retrieved 31 July 2017.  ^ "U2 vão ser condecorados por Jorge Sampaio com a Ordem da Liberdade". Público. Retrieved 2005-04-21. 

Bibliography

Assayas, Michka; Bono
Bono
(2005). Bono
Bono
in Conversation with Michka Assayas. New York City: Riverhead Books. ISBN 1-57322-309-3.  Matthews, Sheelagh (2008). Bono. Remarkable People. New York City: Weigl Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59036-638-7.  Stockman, Steve (2001). Walk On: The Spiritual Journey of U2. Lake Mary: Relevant Books. ISBN 978-0-88419-793-5.  Vagacs, Robert (2005). Religious Nuts, Political Fanatics: U2 in Theological Perspective. Cascade Books. ISBN 1-59752-336-4. 

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bono

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bono
Bono
(vocalist).

U2.com – Official U2 website ONE Campaign – Advocacy and campaigning organization cofounded by Bono EDUN – Fashion label started by Bono
Bono
and his wife Ali Bono
Bono
at AllMovie Bono
Bono
at TED Appearances on C-SPAN Bono
Bono
on Charlie Rose Bono
Bono
on IMDb " Bono
Bono
collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  Works by or about Bono
Bono
in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog)

v t e

U2

Bono The Edge Adam Clayton Larry Mullen Jr.

Studio albums

Boy October War The Unforgettable Fire The Joshua Tree Rattle and Hum Achtung Baby Zooropa Pop All That You Can't Leave Behind How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb No Line on the Horizon Songs of Innocence Songs of Experience

Compilations and EPs

Three Wide Awake in America Please: PopHeart Live EP The Best of 1980–1990 7 The Best of 1990–2000 Exclusive The Complete U2 Live from Under the Brooklyn Bridge U218 Singles Wide Awake in Europe

Other albums

Under a Blood Red Sky Melon: Remixes for Propaganda Original Soundtracks 1 Hasta la Vista Baby! U2 Live from Mexico City Live from the Point Depot U2.Communication Zoo TV
Zoo TV
Live U2 Go Home: Live from Slane Castle, Ireland Live from Paris Medium, Rare & Remastered Artificial Horizon Duals U22 From the Ground Up: Edge's Picks from U2360°

Videos and films

U2 Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky The Unforgettable Fire
The Unforgettable Fire
Collection Rattle and Hum Achtung Baby: The Videos, the Cameos, and a Whole Lot of Interference from Zoo TV Zoo TV: Live from Sydney PopMart: Live from Mexico City Elevation 2001: Live from Boston U2 Go Home: Live from Slane Castle, Ireland Vertigo 2005: Live from Chicago Vertigo 05: Live from Milan U218 Videos Live from Paris U2 3D Linear U2360° at the Rose Bowl From the Sky Down Innocence + Experience: Live in Paris

Tours and concerts

U2-3 Tour Boy Tour October Tour War Tour The Unforgettable Fire
The Unforgettable Fire
Tour Live Aid A Conspiracy of Hope The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
Tour

Vaillancourt Fountain concert

Lovetown Tour Zoo TV
Zoo TV
Tour PopMart
PopMart
Tour

concert in Sarajevo

Elevation Tour Super Bowl XXXVI halftime show Vertigo Tour U2 360° Tour Innocence + Experience Tour The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
Tour 2017 Experience + Innocence Tour

Additional personnel

Steve Averill Anton Corbijn Brian Eno Dik Evans Dave Fanning Flood Gavin Friday Howie B Jimmy Iovine Daniel Lanois Steve Lillywhite Paul McGuinness Morleigh Steinberg Willie Williams

Related articles

Awards and nominations Discography Songs Covers of U2 songs The Million Dollar Hotel
The Million Dollar Hotel
(soundtrack) Mother Records AHK-toong BAY-bi Covered "Trash of the Titans" U2 by U2 U2 Tower

Book Category Portal WikiProject Timeline Singles

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song

1960s

"Town Without Pity" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1961) "Circus World" Lyrics by Ned Washington, Music by Dimitri Tiomkin (1964) "Forget Domani" Lyrics by Norman Newell, Music by Riz Ortolani
Riz Ortolani
(1965) "Strangers in the Night" Lyrics by Charles Singleton, Eddie Snyder, Music by Bert Kaempfert
Bert Kaempfert
(1966) "If Ever I Would Leave You" Lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner, Music by Frederick Loewe (1967) "The Windmills of Your Mind" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Michel Legrand (1968) "Jean" Music & Lyrics by Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
(1969)

1970s

"Whistling Away the Dark" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Henry Mancini (1970) "Life Is What You Make It" Lyrics by Johnny Mercer, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1971) "Ben" Lyrics by Don Black, Music by Walter Scharf (1972) "The Way We Were" Lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Music by Marvin Hamlisch (1973) "I Feel Love" Lyrics by Betty Box, Music by Euel Box (1974) "I'm Easy" Music & Lyrics by Keith Carradine
Keith Carradine
(1975) "Evergreen" Lyrics by Paul Williams, Music by Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1976) "You Light Up My Life" Music & Lyrics by Joseph Brooks (1977) "Last Dance" Music & Lyrics by Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
(1978) "The Rose" Music & Lyrics by Amanda McBroom
Amanda McBroom
(1979)

1980s

"Fame" Lyrics by Dean Pitchford, Music by Michael Gore (1980) "Arthur's Theme (Best That You Can Do)" Music & Lyrics by Peter Allen, Burt Bacharach, Christopher Cross, & Carole Bayer Sager (1981) "Up Where We Belong" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by Jack Nitzsche & Buffy Sainte-Marie
Buffy Sainte-Marie
(1982) "Flashdance... What a Feeling" Lyrics by Irene Cara, Keith Forsey, Music by Giorgio Moroder
Giorgio Moroder
(1983) "I Just Called to Say I Love You" Music & Lyrics by Stevie Wonder (1984) "Say You, Say Me" Music & Lyrics by Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) "Take My Breath Away" Lyrics by Tom Whitlock, Music by Giorgio Moroder (1986) "(I've Had) The Time of My Life" Lyrics by Franke Previte, Music by John DeNicola & Donald Markowitz (1987) "Let the River
River
Run" Music & Lyrics by Carly Simon/"Two Hearts" Lyrics by Phil Collins, Music by Lamont Dozier
Lamont Dozier
(1988) "Under the Sea" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

"Blaze of Glory" Music & Lyrics by Jon Bon Jovi
Jon Bon Jovi
(1990) "Beauty and the Beast" Lyrics by Howard Ashman, Music by Alan Menken (1991) "A Whole New World" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) "Streets of Philadelphia" Music & Lyrics by Bruce Springsteen (1993) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Elton John (1994) "Colors of the Wind" Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, Music by Alan Menken (1995) "You Must Love Me" Lyrics by Tim Rice, Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber (1996) "My Heart Will Go On" Lyrics by Wilbur Jennings, Music by James Horner (1997) "The Prayer" Music & Lyrics by David Foster, Tony Renis, Carole Bayer Sager, Alberto Testa (1998) "You'll Be in My Heart" Music & Lyrics by Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1999)

2000s

"Things Have Changed" Music and lyrics by Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2000) "Until..." Music and lyrics by Sting (2001) "The Hands That Built America" Music and lyrics by Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge
The Edge
& Larry Mullen Jr.
Larry Mullen Jr.
(2002) "Into the West" Music and lyrics by Annie Lennox, Howard Shore
Howard Shore
& Frances Walsh (2003) "Old Habits Die Hard" Music and lyrics by Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
& David A. Stewart (2004) "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" Lyrics by Bernie Taupin, Music by Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) "The Song of the Heart" Music and lyrics by Prince Rogers Nelson (2006) "Guaranteed" Music and lyrics by Eddie Vedder
Eddie Vedder
(2007) "The Wrestler" Music and lyrics by Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2008) "The Weary Kind" Music and lyrics by Ryan Bingham
Ryan Bingham
& T Bone Burnett (2009)

2010s

"You Haven't Seen the Last of Me" Music & Lyrics by Diane Warren (2010) "Masterpiece" Music & Lyrics by Madonna, Julie Frost and Jimmy Harry (2011) "Skyfall" by Adele
Adele
Adkins and Paul Epworth (2012) "Ordinary Love" by U2 and Danger Mouse (2013) "Glory" by Common and John Legend
John Legend
(2014) "Writing's on the Wall" by Sam Smith and Jimmy Napes (2015) "City of Stars" by Justin Hurwitz, Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2016) "This Is Me" by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul (2017)

Complete List (1960s) (1970s) (1980s) (1990s) (2000s) (2010s)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
Album – Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Record of the Year

1959−1980

"Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)" by Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(1959) "Mack the Knife" by Bobby Darin
Bobby Darin
(1960) "Theme from A Summer Place" by Percy Faith
Percy Faith
(1961) "Moon River" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1962) "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" by Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1964) "The Girl from Ipanema" by Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
& Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(1965) "A Taste of Honey" by Herb Alpert
Herb Alpert
and the Tijuana Brass (1966) "Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) "Up, Up and Away" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis, Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamont McLemore, Ron Townson) (1968) "Mrs. Robinson" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1969) "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis, Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamont McLemore, Ron Townson) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1971) "It's Too Late" by Carole King
Carole King
(1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1974) "I Honestly Love You" by Olivia Newton-John
Olivia Newton-John
(1975) "Love Will Keep Us Together" by Captain & Tennille (Daryl Dragon, Toni Tennille) (1976) "This Masquerade" by George Benson
George Benson
(1977) "Hotel California" by Eagles (Don Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Randy Meisner, Joe Walsh) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" by Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1979) "What a Fool Believes" by The Doobie Brothers
The Doobie Brothers
(Jeffrey Baxter, John Hartman, Keith Knudsen, Michael McDonald, Tiran Porter, Patrick Simmons) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" by Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes
Kim Carnes
(1982) "Rosanna" by Toto (Bobby Kimball, Steve Lukather, David Paich, Jeff Porcaro, David Hungate, Steve Porcaro) (1983) "Beat It" by Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" by Tina Turner
Tina Turner
(1985) "We Are the World" by USA for Africa
USA for Africa
(1986) "Higher Love" by Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
(1987) "Graceland" by Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" by Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" by Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1990) "Another Day in Paradise" by Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1991) "Unforgettable" by Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
with Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
(1992) "Tears in Heaven" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) "All I Wanna Do" by Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
(1995) "Kiss from a Rose" by Seal (1996) "Change the World" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1997) "Sunny Came Home" by Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
(1998) "My Heart Will Go On" by Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1999) "Smooth" by Santana (Rodney Holmes, Tony Lindsay, Karl Perazzo, Raul Rekow, Benny Rietveld, Carlos Santana, Chester Thompson) featuring Rob Thomas (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2001) "Walk On" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2002) "Don't Know Why" by Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) "Clocks" by Coldplay
Coldplay
(Guy Berryman, Jon Buckland, Will Champion, Phil Harvey, Chris Martin) (2004) "Here We Go Again" by Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2005) "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" by Green Day
Green Day
(Billie Joe Armstrong, Mike Dirnt, Frank Edwin Wright III) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" by Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(Martie Maguire, Natalie Maines, Emily Robison) (2007) "Rehab" by Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(2008) " Please Read the Letter" by Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
and Robert Plant
Robert Plant
(2009) "Use Somebody" by Kings of Leon
Kings of Leon
(Caleb Followill, Jared Followill, Matthew Followill, Nathan Followill) (2010) "Need You Now" by Lady Antebellum
Lady Antebellum
(Hillary Scott, Charles Kelley, Dave Haywood) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" by Adele
Adele
(2012) "Somebody That I Used to Know" by Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra
Kimbra
(2013) "Get Lucky" by Daft Punk
Daft Punk
featuring Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams
& Nile Rodgers (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) by Sam Smith (2015) "Uptown Funk" by Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
featuring Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2016) "Hello" by Adele
Adele
(2017) "24K Magic" by Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Song of the Year

1959−1980

"Volare" – Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(songwriter) (1959) "The Battle of New Orleans" – Jimmy Driftwood
Jimmy Driftwood
(songwriter) (1960) "Theme from Exodus" – Ernest Gold (songwriter) (1961) "Moon River" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(songwriters) (1962) "What Kind of Fool Am I?" – Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley (songwriters) (1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" – Johnny Mercer
Johnny Mercer
& Henry Mancini (songwriters) (1964) "Hello, Dolly!" – Jerry Herman
Jerry Herman
(songwriter) (1965) "The Shadow of Your Smile" – Paul Francis Webster & Johnny Mandel (songwriters) (1966) "Michelle" – John Lennon
John Lennon
& Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(songwriters) (1967) "Up, Up, and Away" – Jimmy Webb
Jimmy Webb
(songwriter) (1968) "Little Green Apples" – Bobby Russell (songwriter) (1969) "Games People Play" – Joe South
Joe South
(songwriter) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(songwriter) (1971) "You've Got a Friend" – Carole King
Carole King
(songwriter) (1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" – Ewan MacColl (songwriter) (1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" – Norman Gimbel & Charles Fox (songwriters) (1974) "The Way We Were" – Alan and Marilyn Bergman & Marvin Hamlisch (songwriters) (1975) "Send in the Clowns" – Stephen Sondheim
Stephen Sondheim
(songwriter) (1976) "I Write the Songs" – Bruce Johnston (songwriter) (1977) "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" – Barbra Streisand & Paul Williams (songwriters) / "You Light Up My Life" – Joe Brooks (songwriter) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(songwriter) (1979) "What a Fool Believes" – Kenny Loggins
Kenny Loggins
& Michael McDonald (songwriters) (1980)

1981−2000

"Sailing" – Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(songwriter) (1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" – Donna Weiss & Jackie DeShannon (songwriters) (1982) "Always on My Mind" – Johnny Christopher, Mark James & Wayne Carson (songwriters) (1983) "Every Breath You Take" – Sting (songwriter) (1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" – Graham Lyle & Terry Britten (songwriters) (1985) "We Are the World" – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
& Lionel Richie (songwriters) (1986) "That's What Friends Are For" – Burt Bacharach
Burt Bacharach
& Carole Bayer Sager (songwriters) (1987) "Somewhere Out There" – James Horner, Barry Mann
Barry Mann
& Cynthia Weil (songwriters) (1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" – Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(songwriter) (1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" – Larry Henley & Jeff Silbar (songwriters) (1990) "From a Distance" – Julie Gold
Julie Gold
(songwriter) (1991) "Unforgettable" – Irving Gordon
Irving Gordon
(songwriter) (1992) "Tears in Heaven" – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1993) "A Whole New World" – Alan Menken
Alan Menken
& Tim Rice
Tim Rice
(songwriters) (1994) "Streets of Philadelphia" – Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(songwriter) (1995) "Kiss from a Rose" – Seal (songwriter) (1996) "Change the World" – Gordon Kennedy, Wayne Kirkpatrick & Tommy Sims (songwriters) (1997) "Sunny Came Home" – Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
& John Leventhal
John Leventhal
(songwriters) (1998) "My Heart Will Go On" – James Horner
James Horner
& Will Jennings (songwriters) (1999) "Smooth" – Itaal Shur
Itaal Shur
& Rob Thomas (songwriters) (2000)

2001−present

"Beautiful Day" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2001) "Fallin'" – Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
(songwriter) (2002) "Don't Know Why" – Jesse Harris (songwriter) (2003) "Dance with My Father" – Richard Marx
Richard Marx
& Luther Vandross (songwriters) (2004) "Daughters" – John Mayer
John Mayer
(songwriter) (2005) "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" – Adam Clayton, David Evans, Laurence Mullen & Paul Hewson (songwriters) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" – Emily Burns Erwin, Martha Maguire, Natalie Maines
Natalie Maines
Pasdar & Dan Wilson (songwriters) (2007) "Rehab" – Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(songwriter) (2008) "Viva la Vida" – Guy Berryman, Jonathan Buckland, William Champion & Christopher Martin (songwriters) (2009) "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Thaddis "Kuk" Harrell, Beyoncé Knowles, Terius Nash & Christopher Stewart (songwriters) (2010) "Need You Now" – Dave Haywood, Josh Kear, Charles Kelley
Charles Kelley
& Hillary Scott (songwriters) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Paul Epworth (songwriters) (2012) "We Are Young" – Jack Antonoff, Jeff Bhasker, Andrew Dost
Andrew Dost
& Nate Ruess (songwriters) (2013) "Royals" – Joel Little & Ella Yelich O'Connor (songwriters) (2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) – James Napier, William Phillips & Sam Smith (songwriters) (2015) "Thinking Out Loud" – Ed Sheeran
Ed Sheeran
& Amy Wadge
Amy Wadge
(songwriters) (2016) "Hello" – Adele
Adele
Adkins & Greg Kurstin
Greg Kurstin
(songwriters) (2017) "That's What I Like" – Christopher Brody Brown, James Fauntleroy, Philip Lawrence, Bruno Mars, Ray Charles
Ray Charles
McCullough II, Jeremy Reeves, Ray Romulus & Jonathan Yip (songwriters) (2018)

v t e

MusiCares Person of the Year

David Crosby
David Crosby
(1991) Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1992) Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1993) Gloria Estefan
Gloria Estefan
(1994) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1996) Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1997) Luciano Pavarotti
Luciano Pavarotti
(1998) Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1999) Elton John
Elton John
(2000) Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(2001) Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(2002) Bono
Bono
(2003) Sting (2004) Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
(2005) James Taylor
James Taylor
(2006) Don Henley
Don Henley
(2007) Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
(2008) Neil Diamond
Neil Diamond
(2009) Neil Young
Neil Young
(2010) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2011) Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
(2012) Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
(2013) Carole King
Carole King
(2014) Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(2015) Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(2016) Tom Petty
Tom Petty
(2017) Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(2018)

v t e

Time Persons of the Year

1927–1950

Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh
(1927) Walter Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
(1928) Owen D. Young
Owen D. Young
(1929) Mohandas Gandhi (1930) Pierre Laval
Pierre Laval
(1931) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1932) Hugh S. Johnson
Hugh S. Johnson
(1933) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1934) Haile Selassie
Haile Selassie
(1935) Wallis Simpson
Wallis Simpson
(1936) Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
/ Soong Mei-ling
Soong Mei-ling
(1937) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
(1938) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1939) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1940) Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
(1941) Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
(1942) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1943) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1944) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes
(1946) George Marshall
George Marshall
(1947) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1948) Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1949) The American Fighting-Man (1950)

1951–1975

Mohammed Mosaddeq (1951) Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
(1952) Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
(1953) John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles
(1954) Harlow Curtice
Harlow Curtice
(1955) Hungarian Freedom Fighters (1956) Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
(1957) Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
(1958) Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(1959) U.S. Scientists: George Beadle / Charles Draper / John Enders / Donald A. Glaser / Joshua Lederberg
Joshua Lederberg
/ Willard Libby
Willard Libby
/ Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
/ Edward Purcell / Isidor Rabi / Emilio Segrè
Emilio Segrè
/ William Shockley
William Shockley
/ Edward Teller / Charles Townes / James Van Allen
James Van Allen
/ Robert Woodward (1960) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1961) Pope John XXIII
Pope John XXIII
(1962) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(1963) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1964) William Westmoreland
William Westmoreland
(1965) The Generation Twenty-Five and Under (1966) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1967) The Apollo 8
Apollo 8
Astronauts: William Anders
William Anders
/ Frank Borman
Frank Borman
/ Jim Lovell (1968) The Middle Americans (1969) Willy Brandt
Willy Brandt
(1970) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1971) Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
/ Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1972) John Sirica
John Sirica
(1973) King Faisal (1974) American Women: Susan Brownmiller / Kathleen Byerly
Kathleen Byerly
/ Alison Cheek / Jill Conway / Betty Ford
Betty Ford
/ Ella Grasso / Carla Hills / Barbara Jordan / Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Susie Sharp / Carol Sutton / Addie Wyatt (1975)

1976–2000

Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1976) Anwar Sadat
Anwar Sadat
(1977) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1978) Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(1980) Lech Wałęsa
Lech Wałęsa
(1981) The Computer (1982) Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
/ Yuri Andropov
Yuri Andropov
(1983) Peter Ueberroth
Peter Ueberroth
(1984) Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping
(1985) Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
(1986) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1987) The Endangered Earth (1988) Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev
(1989) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1990) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1991) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(1992) The Peacemakers: Yasser Arafat
Yasser Arafat
/ F. W. de Klerk
F. W. de Klerk
/ Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
/ Yitzhak Rabin
Yitzhak Rabin
(1993) Pope John Paul II
John Paul II
(1994) Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(1995) David Ho
David Ho
(1996) Andrew Grove
Andrew Grove
(1997) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
/ Ken Starr
Ken Starr
(1998) Jeffrey P. Bezos (1999) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2000)

2001–present

Rudolph Giuliani (2001) The Whistleblowers: Cynthia Cooper / Coleen Rowley
Coleen Rowley
/ Sherron Watkins (2002) The American Soldier (2003) George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(2004) The Good Samaritans: Bono
Bono
/ Bill Gates
Bill Gates
/ Melinda Gates
Melinda Gates
(2005) You (2006) Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
(2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2008) Ben Bernanke
Ben Bernanke
(2009) Mark Zuckerberg
Mark Zuckerberg
(2010) The Protester (2011) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(2012) Pope Francis
Pope Francis
(2013) Ebola Fighters: Dr. Jerry Brown / Dr. Kent Brantly
Kent Brantly
/ Ella Watson-Stryker / Foday Gollah / Salome Karwah
Salome Karwah
(2014) Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
(2015) Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(2016) The Silence Breakers (2017)

Book

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 93710720 LCCN: no96027739 ISNI: 0000 0000 8401 2930 GND: 118906321 SELIBR: 265477 SUDOC: 155031856 BNF: cb13943105p (data) BIBSYS: 99062160 MusicBrainz: 7f347782-eb14-40c3-98e2-17b6e1bfe56c NLA: 35893315 NDL: 00675856 NKC: ola2002152

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