Bodawpaya (Burmese: ဘိုးတော်ဘုရား,
pronounced [bódɔ̀ pʰəjá]; Thai: ปดุง; 11 March 1745
– 5 June 1819) was the sixth king of the Konbaung
Dynasty of Burma.
Born Maung Shwe Waing and later Badon Min, he was the fourth son of
Alaungpaya, founder of the dynasty and the Third Burmese Empire. He
was proclaimed king after deposing his nephew Phaungkaza Maung Maung,
son of his oldest brother Naungdawgyi, at Ava.
Bodawpaya moved the
royal capital back to
Amarapura in 1782. He was titled Hsinbyumyashin
(Lord of the White Elephants), although he became known to posterity
Bodawpaya in relation to his successor, his grandson Bagyidaw
(Royal Elder Uncle), who in turn was given this name in relation to
his nephew Mindon Min. He fathered 62 sons and 58 daughters by about
1 Military expeditions
2 Religion and culture
6 External links
Depiction of King
Bodawpaya at the
Amarapura palace in 1795 (British
Embassy of Michael Symes).
Also known as Bodaw U Waing, he invaded Arakan in 1784 sending his
royal armies led by his son, the Heir Apparent Thado Minsaw, across
the Western Yoma range of mountains. The capital of Arakan
Mrauk U was
captured on the last of 1784. The
Mahamuni Buddha image, among other
treasures such as the Khmer bronze statues, were brought back to
mainland Burma; these can still be seen in Mandalay. Also taken were
20,000 captives as slaves to pagodas and temples, and the nobility at
Amarapura. Once Arakan was annexed as a province of Burma, her borders
became contiguous with British India. The Arakanese revolted in 1794,
and the British Governor of India Sir John Shore (later Lord
Teignmouth) sent Captain Michael Symes on an embassy, fully equipped
to gather as much information as possible about the country, to the
Court of Ava as the kingdom was still known to the outside
Bodawpaya invaded Siam in 1785, and was defeated.
The Governor of Tavoy revolted in 1791 with the aid of the Siamese,
but a punitive expedition sent by
Bodawpaya by sea laid siege ending
in peace negotiations in 1793 and the ceding of the Tenasserim coast
to the Burmese. He invaded Siam again in 1809, but was fended off
Maha Senanurak and the heroines, Chan and Mook.
In 1816, the Ahom governor of
Guwahati in Assam, Badan Chandra
Borphukan visited the court of
Bodawpaya to seek help in order to
defeat his political rival Purnananda Burhagohain, the Prime Minister
Ahom Kingdom in Assam. A strong force of 16,000 under the command
of Gen. Maha Minhla Minkhaung was sent with Badan Chandra Borphukan.
The Burmese force entered
Assam in January, 1817 and defeated the
Assamese force in the battle of Ghiladhari. Meanwhile, Purnananda
Burhagohain died, and Ruchinath Burhagohain, the son of Purnananda
Burahgohain fled to Guwahati. The reigning Ahom king Chandrakanta
Singha came in terms with Badan Chandra
Borphukan and his Burmese
allies. The King appointed Badan Chandra
Borphukan as Mantri Phukan
(Prime Minister) and an Ahom princess Hemo Aideo was given for
marriage to Burmese King
Bodawpaya along with many gifts. The Burmese
force retired from
Assam soon after. A year later, Badan Chandra
Borphukan was assassinated and the Ahom king
Chandrakanta Singha was
deposed by rival political faction led by Ruchinath Burhagohain, the
son of Purnananda
Chandrakanta Singha and the friends of
Borphukan appeal for help to Bodawpaya. In February
1819, the Burmese forces invaded
Assam for second time and reinstalled
Chandrakanta Singha on the throne of Assam.
Religion and culture
Bodawpaya's tomb in Amarapura.
Bodawpaya proclaimed himself the next messianic Buddha or Maitreya
(Arimittya), but his claim was firmly rejected by the Sangha.
During his reign, scholarship flourished due to the discipline and
stability achieved by establishing a chapter of Sangharajas or senior
monks charged with the responsibility of safeguarding the purity of
the Sangha. He had successfully arbitrated in favour of orthodoxy to
cover both shoulders on the alms round in the controversy concerning
the correct way of wearing the robes, and the Order of Monks was
unified under the Thudhamma order.
Burma became the custodian of
Buddhism in the region, and the upasampada ordination was
Sri Lanka where it established the Amarapura
The unfinished Mantalagyi Stupa, intended to be the largest stupa in
Bodawpaya began the construction of a gigantic stupa called
Mantalagyi (Great Royal Stupa) at Mingun, 11 km up the River
Mandalay on the west bank. It was however never
finished after a prophecy went round saying Payagyi lè apyi that,
moksoe thonnya kap – "Once the great pagoda has been wrought, the
Moksoe dynasty will come to nought"
မုဆိုးသုညကပ်။). It was meant to have stood
150 metres, tall enough to be seen from
Shwebo in the west, the
birthplace of the dynasty, towering above the Minwun Hills. An
earthquake in 1838 left huge fissures in the structure, and also
caused the heads of the two gigantic chinthes to fall into the river.
There was also a gigantic 90 ton bell dedicated to the stupa called
Mingun Bell, cast between 1808 and 1810. It was the largest
ringing bell in the world, as the larger bell in
Moscow Kremlin called
Tsar bell is broken, until the larger
Bell of Good Luck
Bell of Good Luck was
cast and first rung for the new year in 2000. During his reign
Bodawpaya also proved to be a great patron of the performing arts; he
appointed a minister called Thabin Wun (သဘင်ဝန်), and
established strict regulations by royal decree
(အမိန့်တော် a meint daw). He also ordered a
major economic survey of the kingdom in 1784.
Bodawpaya was succeeded after his death in 1819 by his grandson,
Prince of Sagaing, who later became known as Bagyidaw. The Heir
Apparent, father of Bagyidaw, had died in 1808.
m. (1) at Ava, 1759, H.M. Queen (Ale-nandaw Mibura) Sri Maha Nandabhi
Ratna Devi (d. 3 September 1789), née Men Lun Poo, daughter of the
Maung Santhwun Myosarey. m. (2) at Ava, 1760, H.M. Queen (Nammadaw
Mibura Hkaung Gyi) Sri Pawara Maha Rajendra Mangala Ratna Devi (b.
1743; d. at Meengun, 24 February 1807), née Men Lun Me, daughter of
the Sri Putra Chauka Lathaun Mhu, who had issue, three daughters. m.
(3) at Ava, 1760, H.M. Queen (Myauk-nandaw Mibura I) Sri Maha
Chandrabhi Ratna Devi, Salin and Phaungdeen Myosa Mibura (b. 1745; d.
at Amarapura, Mandalay, 1807), née Me Lun Thu, daughter of the Meen
Wun, who had issue, two sons. m. (4) H.M. Queen (Ale-nandaw Mibura)
Sri Maha Nandabhi Ratna Devi, Zameedeen Myosa Mibura, née Men Lun
Bhoung, raised to the rank and title of Ale-nandaw Mibura 1789,
daughter of the "Allaum Mingdragyi King". m. (5) ca. 1760, a daughter
of a Secretary of a Cavalry Unit. m. (6) at Ava, 1767, Raja Devi, Pegu
Myosa Mibura (d. 1785), nee Sao Sri Ang Hsung [Sao Nang Sri Aung Bon],
eldest daughter of Kambawasa Mahavamsa Sao Myat Hsan Te [Sao Myat
Thande], Saopha of Hsipaw, by his first wife, Nang Gam Kyaw. Shr had
issue, one son. m. (7) Shin Min Si (d. before 1782), daughter of Maung
Pu, of Shunzet, north of Mokhsobo, who had issue, one son. m. (8)
before 1771, his half-sister, H.R.H. Princess Min Shwe Mhya, Sri
Suriya Chandra Devi, Zindau Myosa Mibura (b. 1754), daughter of H.M.
Sri Pawara Vijaya Nanda Jatha Maha Dharma Rajadhiraja Alaung Min Thaya
Alaungpaya Aungjaya, King of Burma, by his sixth wife, Raja Mahay,
Shin Shwe Kho Gyi, daughter of the Min Wun. m. (9) before 1771 (div.
before 1782) Kolouptau Shin Min Me (d. 1782). m. (10) Shin Min Si (d.
before 1782). m. (11) (div. before 1782) Kolouptau Shin Phoung (d.
1791), Abahdoneo. m. (12) H.M. Queen (Myauk-nandaw Mibura II) Sri Maha
Ratna Devi, Men Nu, Princess of Kyaukmho, Tsampanogo and Badon 5 Yuwa
Myosa Mibura (b. 1765; d. at Zeedo, Maungmo, 10 July 1812), received
Badon 5 Yuwa in fief 31 May 1810, sister of Shwedaik Wun. m. (13) his
half-sister, H.M. Queen Men Nyo Mya, Sri Suriya Mala Devi, Peen
Mibura, youngest daughter of H.M. Sri Pawara Vijaya Nanda Jatha Maha
Dharma Rajadhiraja Alaung Min Thaya Gyi
Alaungpaya Aungjaya, King of
Burma. m. (14) H.M. Queen (Taungsaundaw-shwe-ye Mibura) Sri Maha
Mangala Devi, Men Aung, Dellah and Denubya Myosa Mibura, a Shan lady.
m. (15) H.M. Queen (Myauk-shwe-ye Mibura or Yesaun) Sri Suriya Dharma
Devi or Sri Maha Dharma Devi, Men Woot, Landaik, Hlaethal, Kama and
Aniyeen Myosa Mibura (d. at Meengun, 1811), a Shan lady. Former wet
nurse to King Sagaing. m. (16) 1781, Sri Tilaka Devi, Mongmit,
Thanteban and Sagu Myosa Mibura (d. at Mengoon, 1795), daughter of the
Saopha of Mongmit. m. (17) ca. 1782, Myat Swa, Men Mauk, grandaughter
of the King of Ayudhya (Siam), widow of a former king. m. (18) ca.
1782, Princess Men Anbaing, daughter of the Emperor of Annam, widow of
a former king. m. (19) ca. 1782, Princess Men Theesa, daughter of the
King of Ayudhya (Siam), widow of a former king. m. (20) ca. 1782,
Princess Kheetha, Men Akhwun, daughter of Prince of Ayudhya (Siam),
widow of a former king. m. (21) ca. 1782, Princess Men Chandra,
daughter of the Yuvaraja of Manipur, widow of a former king. m. (22)
ca. 1782, Shin Min Few, daughter of a Burmese official, widow of a
former king. m. (23) ca. 1782, Shin Hooja, daughter of a Burmese
official, widow of a former king. m. (24) ca. 1782, Shin Nujathuwot,
granddaughter of the Athy Wungyi, widow of a former king. m. (25) ca.
1782, Shin Goung, daughter of a Burmese official, widow of a former
king. m. (26) ca. 1782, Princess Men Tafanbween (d. 1813), daughter of
the King of Ayudhya (Siam), widow of a former king. m. (27) ca. 1782,
Princess Men Tara, daughter of the Great Deputy King of Ayudhya
(Siam), widow of a former king. m. (28) ca. 1782, Men Tara, daughter
of the Saopha of Manlong, widow of a former king. m. (29) ca. 1782,
Princess Men Mala, daughter of the King of Ayudhya (Siam), widow of a
former king. m. (30) ca. 1782, Men Sandaya, widow of a former king. m.
(31) ca. 1782, Wunna, Men Zowool, granddaughter of the King of Ayudhya
(Siam), widow of a former king. m. (32) ca. 1782, Kalya, Men Thwolsa
(d. 1815), granddaughter of the King of Ayudhya (Siam), widow of a
former king. m. (33) ca. 1782, Theetha, widow of a former king. m.
(34) ca. 1782, Mala, daughter of the Maharaja of Assam, widow of a
former king. m. (35) ca. 1782, Maing Bhoung, daughter of the
Mainphoung ruler, widow of a former king. m. (36) ca. 1782, a daughter
of the Kyaingtung Sawbwa, widow of a former king. m. (37) ca. 1782,
Khu Jaya, widow of a former king. m. (38) 14 August 1782, a princess
from Mongnawng. m. (39) Sri Suriya Mangala Devi, Zoloop and Kanaung
Myosa Mibura, sister of the Attee Wungyi. m. (40) Sri Devi, Tegyeentan
Yuwa Myosa Mibura, daughter of the Mogoung Sawbwa. m. (41) Sri Nanda
Mahay Sri, Hlaing Det Myosa Mibura (cre. 16 July 1787), previously
Amyint Myosa Mibura. m. (42) Mallavati, Shin Win Byu (d. 1788),
daughter of the Zarup Wun. m. (43) Kolouptau Shin Yaing (d. 1789),
daughter of the Ngesanyun. m. (44) at the Royal Palace, Amarapura,
Mandalay, 20 October 1790, H.M. Queen (Anaukhan Mibura) Sri Maha
Gandhara Devi (cre 20 October 1790), Taku Nyin (b. ca. 1775; d. 1815),
eldest daughter of Kyi Ta Law Ye, a Chinese lady supposedly the
grandaughter of the Emperor of China. m. (45) at the Royal Palace,
Amarapura, Mandalay, 20 October 1790, Sri Maha Pinsala Devi (cre 20
October 1790), Aku Nyin (b. ca. 1776), sister of Taku Nyin, and second
daughter of Kyi Ta Law Ye. m. (46) at the Royal Palace, Amarapura,
Mandalay, 20 October 1790, Sri Maha Gandha Chandra Devi (cre 20
October 1790), Tang Ku Nyin, Taungbaing Myosa Mibura (b. ca. 1777; d.
1838), sister of Taku Nyin, and youngest daughter of Kyi Ta Law Ye. m.
(47) Men Meing (d. 1791), daughter of the Kyaungtung Sawbwa, widow of
a former king. m. (48) Sri Suriya Ratna Devi, Men Si Si, Meittila
Myosa Mibura (d. at Mengoon, 1793), granddaughter of King Maha
Dharmaraja Adipati Hansawaddy Yauk Min Thaya Gyi, the last King of
Ava. m. (49) (div. 1794) Sri Mangala Mahay, Shin Min Bew, Danubyu
Myosa Mibura (cre. 11 August 1783), daughter of the Daing Wun. m. (50)
Ketha, Shin Ye (d. 1795), daughter of the Rajawei Bo. m. (51) at
Amarapura, Mandalay, 6 July 1797 (div. 1817) H.M. Queen (Mogoung
Mibura) Sri Maha Vimala Devi Champavati, Vesali Myosa Mibura, daughter
of an Assamese jeweler presented by the Maharaja of
Assam as his own
daughter. m. (52) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 4 March 1798, a bride from
Nge Daung*. m. (53) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 14 June 1798, a bride from
Mong Sit*. m. (54) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 20 December 1798, a bride
from Vesali (Assam)*. m. (55) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 20 December
1798, a second bride from Vesali (Assam)*. m. (56) at Amarapura,
Mandalay, 20 December 1798, a third bride from Vesali (Assam)*. m.
(57) at Amarapura, Mandalay, May 1801, Mi Tha, Apyadaw. m. (58) Sri
Vati, Shin Myat Thwu, Zalun Myosa Mibura (d. 1802), daughter of the
Athy Wungyi. m. (59) Shin Say, Chandravati, Naungan Myosa Mibura (d.
1805), daughter of the Shing Wun. m. (60) Kolouptau Shin Min Hla, Sri
Dhama (d. 1805), daughter of the Sri Shwe Daung. m. (61) Sri Suriya
Jaya Mahay, Zalun Myosa Mibura (d. 1806), daughter of Morren Iswara of
Manipur. m. (62) Anya, Shin Min (d. 1806), daughter of a junior
official. m. (63) Kolouptau Shin Thu, Thu Yali (d. 1806), daughter of
the Kyaukse Sarey. m. (64) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 11 April 1806, Mani
Suriyavamsa Padma, Princess of Mong Tien (Mongtung?) (b. 1789). m.
(65) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 1806, a daughter of Ko Hse, Sawbwa of
Chauk Taung*. m. (66) Shin Myatt, Thu Dhama, Thebyehla Yuwasa (d.
1807), daughter of Min Du Si. m. (67) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 10 April
1807, a bride from Manipur*. m. (68) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 25 April
1807, another bride from Manipur*. m. (69) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 8
May 1807, a daughter of the Chularaja of Manipur*. m. (70) Sri Suriya
Hema, Shin Du, Nebetkyo Yuwasa (d. 1808), daughter of a Burmese
official. m. (71) Kolouptau Shin Hnin Wu, Mangala Mahay (d. at
Amarapura, Mandalay, before 7 December 1810), daughter of the Inma
Thungyi. m. (72) Sri Chandra Mahay Thee, Zenangyaung Myosa Mibura (d.
1813), daughter of the Ayudhya (Siam) Wun. m. (73) Sri Suriya Moha,
Shin Bwin, Manta Yuwasa (d. 1813), daughter of a Burmese official. m.
(74) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 29 May 1813, a bride from Mong Mao*. m.
(75) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 5 November 1814, another bride from Mong
Mao*. m. (76) Shin Mu, Sri Prabhavati, Hitseingyi Myosa Mibura,
Thitseingyi Yuwasa (d. 1815), daughter of the Deva Shwe Daung. m. (77)
a daughter (d. 1815) of the Veedehee Raja, a Hindu. m. (78) at
Amarapura, Mandalay, 4 September 1815, a bride from Mong Pei*. m. (79)
at Amarapura, Mandalay, 4 September 1815, a bride from Mong Tei*. m.
(80) at Amarapura, Mandalay, 24 July 1816, another bride from Vesali
(Assam)*. m. (81) Sri Theinkha Mahay Thee, Sawhla Myosa Mibura,
daughter of the Maharaja of Assam. m. (82) Sri Ratna Mahay Thee, Shin
Min Hla, Maddara Myosa Mibura, Thonze Myosa, daughter of the Sri
Kyodoo or the Zorup Myosa. m. (83) Sri Gusia Mahay, Pauk Mibura, Paun
Myaing Myosa, former wife of King Singusa, and daughter of the Kaingma
Sawbwa. m. (84) Sri Wunna Mahay, Sawhla Myosa Mibura, daughter of the
Saopha of Mongmit. m. (85) Sri Mala Mahay, Naemhyagyi Myosa Mibura,
Pyogyi Yuwasa, daughter of the Saopha of Mongnai. m. (86) Sri Myat Swa
Mahay, Katha Myosa Mibura (d. before 8 December 1825), daughter of the
Mingyi Jayathu. m. (87) Shin Min Pu, Sri Suriya Mangala, Zwabugyi
Myosa Mibura, daughter of the Shwe Khun Mho. m. (88) Sri Myat Mahay,
Nanda, Theranka Myosa Mibura, daughter of the Saopha of Hsenwi. m.
(88) Kolouptau Shin Min Kyut, Sri Nanda, Moungtwin Yuwasa, daughter of
the Shingkhedain Wun. m. (89) Myat Swa Mahay, Shin Wu, Sri Suriya,
Hlaethat Myosa Mibura (d. at Ratnapura, Mandalay, 1861). m. (90)
Kolouptau Shin Shwe Wu, Sri Mangala, daughter of a Burmese official.
m. (91) Kolouptau Shin Shwe, Nanda Sri, Lapo Yuwasa, daughter of
Wudaing Sri Sithu. m. (92) Thu Kela, Shin Min Bu, Shwegondaing Myosa
Mibura, and Imbaung 5 Yuwasa (d. at Mandalay, 18 February 1892),
daughter of a junior official. m. (93) Kolouptau Shin Madhu, Antha
Sri, daughter of the Ngekhwoe of Janggolo. m. (94) Hema, Shin Young,
daughter of the Ngetwei of Myethaya Street, Amarapura. m. (95) Shin
Mhoe Tha, Thu Tha Kha, Kanaungkain Yuwasa, daughter of Min Du Si. m.
(96) Thu Sita, Shin Wu Khya, Thebetshwe Yuwasa, daughter of Min Du Si.
m. (97) Sri Nanda, Thebe Myosa Mibura, previously Kolouptau Shin Min
(d. 1859), daughter of the Natkan Min Si. m. (98) Sri Chandra, Shin
Bween, Shingazu Keensa. m. (99) Dharma, Shin Nyeing, Myothit Kadousa.
m. (100) Thuya, Shin Koung, sister of Raja Kyothu. m. (101) (div.) Sri
Andara, Shin Gyi, Shwegun Yuwasa, daughter of the Wailoo Kyaw Htin. m.
(102) Kolouptau Mala, Shin Min Byew, daughter of the Sittaung
Myothugyi. m. (103) Mura, Shin Myat Mho, sister of the Laikha Kyaw
Suriya. m. (104) Sri Wunna, Shin Khwoe, daughter of the Meknan Wun. m.
(105) Kella, Kolouptau Shin Aung, a relation of the Maharaja of
Manipur. m. (106) Vaisa, Shin Hmin, a lady from Manipur. m. (107)
Khuja, Shin Da, a lady from Manipur. m. (108) Gandha, Shin Yeik, a
lady from Manipur. m. (109) Shin Geing, a lady from Manipur. m. (110)
Shin Nindu, a lady from Manipur. m. (111) Shin Hni Nya, a lady from
Manipur. m. (112) (div.) Thadha, Shin Min Da, daughter of the Tovey
Tsikey. m. (113) Nanda, Shin The Tha, Thegyi Yuwasa. m. (114) Sri
Suriya Chandra, Shin Da, daughter of the Dheenyawaddy Wun. m. (115)
Kolouptau Sri Suriya Kela, Shin Nyun, Kyauktalon Myosa Mibura,
daughter of Amhaye. m. (116) Shin Min Nyo, Sri Suriya Prabha, Legyi
Yuwasa, daughter of a Siamese prince. m. (117) Sri Thu Mutla, Shin Min
Pu, Zeen, Yuwathidkee, and Pegwey Yuwasa, a relation of the King of
Ayudhya (Siam). m. (118) Ratna Sri, Shin Shwe Bween, Myaunghla Myosa
Mibura, daughter of the Wungyi Sado Sri Maha Vijana. m. (119) (div.)
Sri Suriya Dharma, Shi Shwe Da, Samun Yuwasa, granddaughter of the
Wungyi Sado Sri Maha Vijana. m. (120) Sri Suriya Nanda, Sao Nang Hshin
Sandi, daughter Sao Hsun Kung Hso Wai Hpa [Sao Hswe Hking or Kon
Cheng], Saopha of Hsenwi. m. (121) Sanda Sri, Sao Nang Hseng Santa,
daughter of Sao Hsun Kung Hso Wai Hpa [Sao Hswe Hking or Kon Cheng],
Saopha of Hsenwi. m. (121) Sri Suriya Mala, Shin Shwe Kya, Kyaukyi
Yuwasa, daughter of a soldier. m. (122) Sri Suriya Ratna, Padaung
Muni, Pyinzi Yuwasa (d. 1853), an Assamese, received Pyinzi in fief 11
November 1807. m. (123) Sri Suriya Gandha, Zuppuri, Nyaungsauk Yuwasa,
an Assamese. m. (124) Sri Suriya Kella, Zibhadda, Thobo Yuwasa, an
Assamese. m. (125) (div.) Sri Suriya Sita, Shin Si, a merchant’s
daughter. m. (126) Sri Suriya Wunna, Shin Min Byew, Shweginma Yuwasa,
daughter of a merchant. m. (127) Sri Suriya Kha, Shin Yung, Ngyun
Yuwasa, daughter of a Burmese official. m. (128) (div.) Sri Suriya
Yinna, Shin Sa, daughter of a Burmese official. m. (129) (div.)
Sridiwatswa, Shin Pe, daughter of a Burmese official. m. (130) Wunna
Sri Suriya Varmakantha Shin Shwe, daughter of the Bharyo Sawbwa. m.
(131) Dharma Sri, daughter of the ruler of Champapathel. m. (132) Mala
Sri, Princess Dheinpiyanthi, daughter of the Maharaja of Manipur. m.
(133) Kotha Hla, daughter of the Saopha of Lawksawk. m. (134) Men
Pansa, daughter of the Maharaja of Manipur. m. (135) Champavati,
daughter of Mohnyin Sawbwa. m. (136) the Thayaung Myosa Mibura,
daughter of H.M. Shwedaungshin, Maha Thamada Raja, King of Arakan. m.
(137) Sri Suriya Padma, Muni Surivarna, daughter of the Saopha of
Mongsit. m. (138) another daughter of the Maharaja of Manipur. m.
(139) a daughter of the Moha Sing Raja of Manipur. m. (140) a daughter
of the Sandi Sawbwa. m. (141) a daughter of the ruler of Khanti. m.
(142) a daughter of the Saopha of Longkeyin. m. (143) a daughter of
the ruler of Maingmo, "Theins lord" Tho Houng Phowa, a Shan. m. (144)
a granddaughter of the ruler of Maingmo, "Theins lord" Tho Houng
Phowa, a Shan. m. (145) a daughter of Boikanlasa Pownna Ming, a
Brahmin. m. (147) a daughter of the Thenggyi Raja, a Hindu. m. (148)
daughter of the Phema Sawbwa. m. (149) Nanada Maha, daughter of the
Mogong Sawbwa. m. (150) Chandra Sri, daughter of the Saopha of Mong
Nai. m. (151) Jaya Sri, Shin Man, daughter of the Saopha of Singaling
Hkamti (Zungsalen Sawbwa). m. (152) Nutavati, Shin Aung Da, daughter
of the Maingseit Bo. m. (153) Sri Padma, Shin Min Da, a Burmese lady.
m. (154) Suriya Moutka, Shin Nyeing, daughter of the Akaukwun. m.
(155) Suriya Bhadda, Shin Wei, daughter of a Bo. m. (156) Sri Bhad Da,
Shin Min Hla, daughter of the Mahadanwun. m. (157) Jaya Sri, Shin Min
Gyi, daughter of the Bassein Wun. m. (159) Suriya Mallah, Shin Yin,
daughter of a commoner. m. (160) Mala Sri, Shin Mu, daughter of the
Anaukwun. m. (161) Thuya Sri, Shin Min, daughter of the Norotka
Mingyi. m. (162) Ketha Sri, Shin Megna, daughter of the Shwe Daung
Bollah. m. (163) Sri Ratna, Shin Si, daughter of the Bassein Wun. m.
(164) Sri Ratna, Shin Khyeen, daughter of the Nakhara Kyoswa Norotka.
m. (165) Suriya Anya, Shin Amma, daughter of an official of the Ming
Raja. m. (166) Ketha, Shin Wu, daughter of a Burmese official. m.
(167) Suriya Chandra, Sjin Khu, daughter of the Meindoung Wun. m.
(168) Suriya Anya, Shin Amma, daughter of Yathey. m. (169) Suriya
Danda, Shin Mat Few, daughter of the Kaunghan Sarey. m. (170) Mala,
Shin Min Byew, daughter of a Burmese official. m. (171) Sri Chandra,
Shin Min Du, daughter of the Myowun. m. (172) Meyu Sri, Shin Min Hla,
daughter of the Legain Bo. m. (173) Suriya Wunna, Shin Poung, daughter
of Ngethwa, a commoner. m. (174) Theing Kha, Shin Khey, daughter of an
official from Maenda Keensa. m. (175) Theing Kha, Shin Du, daughter of
the Taingda Myosa. m. (176) Suruya, Shin Khwoe, daughter of the Pagan
Saregyi. m. (177) Hema, Shin Kyi, daughter of a Thagwei. m. (178)
Bhadda, Shin Khua, daughter of a Burmese commoner. m. (179) Leinya,
Shin Min Byew, daughter of a Burmese butler. m. (180) Kolouptau
Neelabha, Shin Jan, a Burmese. m. (181) Sita, Shin Ye, daughter of
Minsi. m. (182) Tha Kha, Shin Min Hla, daughter of a Burmese commoner.
m. (183) Ella, Shin Su, daughter of a Burmese commoner. m. (185)
Danda, Shin Wu, daughter of a Burmese commoner. m. (186) Dha Oumma,
Shin Min, daughter of the Hee Wun. m. (187) Yuja, Shin Aung, daughter
of a Burmese commoner. m. (188) Nwei Tha, Shin Min Thowei, daughter of
a Burmese commoner. m. (189) Hlan Tha, Shin Min Thwun, daughter of Bo
Jaya Norotka. m. (190) Dan Tha, Shin Aim Thu, daughter of an official
of the Sita Raja. m. (191) Mala Sri, Shin Min Aung, daughter of a
Burmese official. m. (192) Sri Thuya, Shin Mya Yout, daughter of the
Crown Prince’s Saregyi. m. (193) Sri Mala, Shin Nhoung,
granddaughter of Myin Wungyi. m. (194) Suriya Nandi, Shin Khe Nyo,
daughter of a junior official. m. (195) Suriya Muddi, Shin Khe Kew,
daughter of a merchant. m. (196) Thaddha, Shin Gu, daughter of the Min
Wun. m. (197) Thaddha, Shin Pu, daughter of Talkey. m. (198) Dharma,
Shin Thuya, daughter of a Burmese official. m. (199) Nanda, Shin Hnin.
m. (200) Chandra, Shin Min Pu, a Martabanese from Salain. m. (201)
Suriya Kalyani, Shin Min. m. (202) Thein Na, Shin Khwoe. m. (203) Sri,
Shin Khoung. m. (204) Prabha, Shin Yin. m. (205) Ketha, Shin Pan Wu.
m. (206) Mala, Shin Pan Yi. m. (207) Hama, Shin Thu.
same as one of the named wives?
^ a b c Christopher Buyers. "The Konbaung
Dynasty Genealogy: King
Bodawpaya". royalark.net. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
^ a b D.G.E.Hall (1960).
Burma (PDF). Hutchinson University Library.
pp. 93–95. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May
^ a b c Michael Symes (1800). An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom
of Ava, sent by the Governor-General of India, in the year 1795 (PDF).
London: W. Bulmer & Co. pp. 39–40. Retrieved
^ E. A. Gait 1926 A History of Assam: 225–227
^ Dr. S.K. Bhuyan 1968 Tungkhungia Buranji or A History of
Assam(1681–1826) : 197–203
^ a b "Bodawpaya". Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
^ a b Bischoff, Roger (1995). Buddhism in Myanmar – A Short History
(PDF). Kandy, Sri Lanka: Buddhist Publication Society.
^ "Mingun". Myanmar's Net Inc. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
Mingun Bell". Myanmar's Net Inc. Archived from the original on
9 September 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2007.
^ "The World's Three Largest Bells". Blagovest Bells. Retrieved
Khin Maung Nyunt (1998). "King Bodawpaya's Dramatic Performance
Law". Perspective. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
Retrieved 14 March 2007.
Charney, Michael W. (2006). Powerful Learning: Buddhist Literati and
the Throne in Burma's Last Dynasty, 1752–1885. Ann Arbor: University
Koenig, William J. "The Burmese Polity, 1752–1819: Politics,
Administration, and Social Organization in the early Kon-baung
Period", Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia, Number 34, 1990.
Lieberman, Victor B. " Political Consolidation in
Burma Under the
Early Konbaung Dynasty, 1752-c. 1820." Journal of Asia History 30.2
Hall, D.G.E. (1960).
Burma (3rd ed.). Hutchinson University Library.
Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10
March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
Htin Aung, Maung (1967). A History of Burma. New York and London:
Cambridge University Press.
Letwe Nawrahta and Twinthin Taikwun (c. 1770). Hla Thamein, ed.
Alaungpaya Ayedawbon (in Burmese) (1961 ed.). Ministry of Culture,
Union of Burma.
Maung Maung Tin, U (1905). Konbaung Hset Maha Yazawin (in Burmese).
1–3 (2004 ed.). Yangon: Department of Universities History Research,
University of Yangon.
Myint-U, Thant (2006). The River of Lost Footsteps—Histories of
Burma. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 978-0-374-16342-6.
Phayre, Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. (1883). History of
Burma (1967 ed.).
London: Susil Gupta.
Burma by George W Bird, 1897 F J Bright & Son,
London, pp 316A, 318, 318A, 320A inc. old photos of
Mingun by Signor
Beaton of Mandalay
Born: 11 March 1745 Died: 5 June 1819
King of Burma
11 February 1782 – 5 June 1819
Prince of Badon
Myinsaing and Pinya Kingdoms
Athinkhaya1, Yazathingyan1 and Thihathu1
Kingdom of Ava
Swa Saw Ke
Minye Kyawswa I
Minkhaung II and Thihathura II
Sawlon3 and Thohanbwa3
Binnya E Law
Binnya Ran I
Binnya Ran II
Mrauk U Kingdom
Ba Saw Phyu
Ba Saw Nyo
Sanda Thuriya I
Sanda Wimala I
Sanda Thuriya II
Sanda Thuriya III
Sanda Wimala II
Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom
Smim Htaw Buddhaketi
1Regent or Co-Regent
2Mongol vassal (1297)
Confederation of Shan States
Confederation of Shan States (1527–55)
4Brief revival (1550–52)
Confederation of Shan States
Confederation of Shan States (1532–42)
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