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Leslie Townes "Bob" Hope, KBE, KC*SG, KSS (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003) was an American comedian, vaudevillian, actor, singer, dancer, athlete and author. With a career that spanned nearly 80 years, Hope appeared in more than 70 short and feature films, with 54 feature films with Hope as star, including a series of seven "Road" musical comedy movies with Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
as Hope's top-billed partner. In addition to hosting the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
show nineteen times, more than any other host, he appeared in many stage productions and television roles, and was the author of 14 books. The song "Thanks for the Memory" is widely regarded as his signature tune. Hope was born in Eltham, County of London, arrived in America with his family at the age of four, and grew up in the Cleveland, Ohio, area. He began his career in show business in the early 1920s, initially on stage, then began appearing on the radio and in films in 1934. He was praised for his comedy timing, specializing in one-liners and rapid-fire delivery of jokes which often were self-deprecating. Celebrated for his long career performing United Service Organizations (USO) shows to entertain active duty American military personnel—he made 57 tours for the USO
USO
between 1941 and 1991—Hope was declared an honorary veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces in 1997 by act of the Congress.[2] He also appeared in numerous specials for NBC
NBC
television, starting in 1950, and was one of the first users of cue cards. He participated in the sports of golf and boxing and owned a small stake in his hometown baseball team, the Cleveland
Cleveland
Indians. He died at age 100 at his home in Toluca Lake, California.

Contents

1 Early years 2 Career

2.1 Film 2.2 Broadcasting 2.3 NBC
NBC
comedy specials 2.4 The Adventures of Bob Hope 2.5 USO
USO
Involvement 2.6 Theater 2.7 Later appearances

3 Critical reception 4 Personal life

4.1 Marriages 4.2 Extramarital affairs 4.3 Vision philanthropy

5 His later years 6 Illness and death 7 Estate 8 Awards and honors

8.1 Academy Awards

9 Discography

9.1 Singles

10 Bibliography 11 See also 12 References

12.1 Bibliography

13 Further reading 14 External links

Early years[edit]

Writer Hal Block
Hal Block
(far left) and Hope (second from left) meet George Patton in Sicily during World War II

Hope was born in Eltham, Kent[1] (now part of the London Borough of Greenwich), the fifth of seven sons. His English father, William Henry Hope, was a stonemason from Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, and his Welsh mother, Avis (née Townes), was a light opera singer from Barry, Vale of Glamorgan,[3] who later worked as a cleaner. William and Avis married in April 1891 and lived at 12 Greenwood Street in Barry before moving to Whitehall, Bristol, and then to St George, Bristol. In 1908, the family emigrated to the United States, sailing aboard the SS Philadelphia. They passed through Ellis Island, N.Y., on March 30, 1908, before moving on to Cleveland, Ohio.[4] From age 12, Hope earned pocket money by busking—public performing to solicit contributions (frequently on the streetcar to Luna Park), singing, dancing, and performing comedy.[5] He entered numerous dancing and amateur talent contests as Lester Hope, and won a prize in 1915 for his impersonation of Charlie Chaplin.[6] For a time, he attended the Boys' Industrial School in Lancaster, Ohio, and as an adult donated sizable sums of money to the institution.[7] Hope had a brief career as a boxer in 1919, fighting under the name Packy East. He had one win and one loss, and he participated in a few staged charity bouts later in life.[8] Hope worked as a butcher's assistant and a lineman in his teens and early twenties. He also had a brief stint at Chandler Motor Car Company. In 1921, while assisting his brother Jim in clearing trees for a power company, he was sitting atop a tree that crashed to the ground, crushing his face; the accident required Hope to undergo reconstructive surgery, which contributed to his later bizarrely distinctive appearance.[9] Deciding on a show business career, Hope and his girlfriend at the time signed up for dancing lessons. Encouraged after they performed in a three-day engagement at a club, Hope formed a partnership with Lloyd Durbin, a friend from the dancing school.[10] Silent film comedian Fatty Arbuckle saw them perform in 1925 and found them work with a touring troupe called Hurley's Jolly Follies. Within a year, Hope had formed an act called the Dancemedians with George Byrne and the Hilton Sisters, conjoined twins who performed a tap dancing routine in the vaudeville circuit. Hope and Byrne had an act as Siamese twins as well, and danced and sang while wearing blackface until friends advised Hope he was funnier as himself.[11] In 1929, Hope informally changed his first name to "Bob." In one version of the story, he named himself after race car driver Bob Burman.[12] In another, he said he chose the name because he wanted a name with a "friendly 'Hiya, fellas!' sound" to it.[13] In a 1942 legal document, his legal name is given as Lester Townes Hope; it is unknown if this reflects a legal name change from Leslie.[14] After five years on the vaudeville circuit, Hope was "surprised and humbled" when he failed a 1930 screen test for the French film production company Pathé
Pathé
at Culver City, California.[15] Career[edit] In the early days, Hope's career included appearances on stage in vaudeville shows and Broadway productions. He began performing on the radio in 1934, and switched to television when that medium became popular in the 1950s. He began doing regular TV specials in 1954,[16] and hosted the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nineteen times from 1939 through 1977.[17] Overlapping with this was his movie career, spanning 1934 to 1972, and his USO
USO
tours, which he conducted from 1941 to 1991.[18][19] Film[edit] Main articles: Bob Hope filmography
Bob Hope filmography
and Bob Hope
Bob Hope
short subjects Hope signed a contract with Educational Pictures
Educational Pictures
of New York for six short films. The first was a comedy, Going Spanish
Going Spanish
(1934). He was not happy with it, and told newspaper gossip columnist Walter Winchell, "When they catch [bank robber] Dillinger, they're going to make him sit through it twice."[20] Although Educational Pictures
Educational Pictures
dropped his contract, he soon signed with Warner Brothers, making movies during the day and performing in Broadway shows in the evenings.[21]

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
in The Ghost Breakers
The Ghost Breakers
trailer (1940)

Hope moved to Hollywood when Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
signed him for the 1938 film The Big Broadcast of 1938, also starring W. C. Fields. The song "Thanks for the Memory", which later became his trademark, was introduced in the film as a duet with Shirley Ross, accompanied by Shep Fields
Shep Fields
and his orchestra.[22] The sentimental, fluid nature of the music allowed Hope's writers—he depended heavily upon joke writers throughout his career[23]—to later create variations of the song to fit specific circumstances, such as bidding farewell to troops while on tour or mentioning the names of towns in which he was performing.[24]

Bob Hope, Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
and Dorothy Lamour
Dorothy Lamour
in Road to Bali
Road to Bali
(1952)

As a movie star, Hope was best known for such comedies as My Favorite Brunette and the highly successful "Road" movies in which he starred with Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
and Dorothy Lamour. The series consists of seven films made between 1940 and 1962 -- Road to Singapore
Road to Singapore
(1940), Road to Zanzibar (1941), Road to Morocco
Road to Morocco
(1942), Road to Utopia
Road to Utopia
(1946), Road to Rio (1947), Road to Bali
Road to Bali
(1952), and The Road to Hong Kong
The Road to Hong Kong
(1962). Hope had seen Lamour performing as a nightclub singer in New York,[25] and invited her to work on his United Service Organizations
United Service Organizations
(USO) tours of military facilities. Lamour sometimes arrived for filming prepared with her lines, only to be baffled by completely rewritten scripts or ad lib dialogue between Hope and Crosby.[26] Hope and Lamour were lifelong friends, and she remains the actress most associated with his film career although he made movies with dozens of leading ladies, including such luminaries as Katharine Hepburn, Paulette Goddard, Hedy Lamarr, Lucille Ball, Rosemary Clooney, Jane Russell, and Elke Sommer.[27] From their first meeting in 1932, Hope and Crosby teamed not only for the "Road" pictures, but for countless stage, radio, and television appearances and many brief movie appearances together over the decades [28] until Crosby's death in 1977. Although the two invested together in oil leases and other business ventures, worked together frequently, and lived near each other, they rarely saw each other socially.[29]

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
sing and dance during "Chicago Style" in Road to Bali (1952)

After the release of Road to Singapore
Road to Singapore
(1940), Hope's screen career took off, and he had a long and successful run. After an 11-year hiatus from the "Road" genre, he and Crosby reteamed for The Road to Hong Kong (1962), starring the 28-year-old Joan Collins
Joan Collins
in place of Lamour, whom Crosby thought was too old for the part.[30] They had planned one more movie together in 1977, The Road to the Fountain of Youth, but filming was postponed when Crosby was injured in a fall, and the production was cancelled when he suddenly died of heart failure that October.[31] Hope starred in 54 theatrical features between 1938 and 1972,[32] as well as cameos and short films. Most of his later movies failed to match the stratospheric success of his 1940s efforts. He was disappointed with his appearance in Cancel My Reservation
Cancel My Reservation
(1972), his last starring film, and the movie was poorly received by critics and filmgoers.[33] Though his career as a film star effectively ended in 1972, he did make a few cameo film appearances into the 1980s. Hope was host of the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
ceremony 19 times from 1939 and 1978. His supposedly-feigned desire for an Oscar became part of his act.[34] While introducing the 1968 telecast, he quipped, "Welcome to the Academy Awards, or, as it's known at my house, Passover."[35] Although he was never nominated for an Oscar, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences honored him with four honorary awards, and in 1960 presented him with the Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award, given each year as part of the Oscars ceremony. Broadcasting[edit] Main article: Bob Hope
Bob Hope
television appearances

Jerry Colonna and Bob Hope
Bob Hope
as caricatured by Sam Berman
Sam Berman
for NBC's 1947 promotional book

Hope's career in broadcasting began on radio in 1934. His first regular series for NBC
NBC
Radio was the Woodbury Soap Hour in 1937, on a 26-week contract. A year later, The Pepsodent Show Starring Bob Hope began, and Hope signed a ten-year contract with the show's sponsor, Lever Brothers. He hired eight writers and paid them out of his salary of $2,500 a week. The original staff included Mel Shavelson, Norman Panama, Jack Rose, Sherwood Schwartz, and Schwartz's brother Al. The writing staff eventually grew to fifteen.[36] The show became the top radio program in the country. Regulars on the series included Jerry Colonna and Barbara Jo Allen
Barbara Jo Allen
as spinster Vera Vague. Hope continued his lucrative career in radio through to the 1950s, when radio's popularity began being overshadowed by the upstart television medium.[37][38] NBC
NBC
comedy specials[edit]

Hope (right) with his brother Jack (seated), who produced his early 1950s show, with comedian Jack Benny.

Hope did many specials for the NBC
NBC
television network in the following decades, beginning in April 1950. He was one of the first people to use cue cards. The shows often were sponsored by General Motors (1955–61), Chrysler
Chrysler
(1963–73), and Texaco
Texaco
(1975–85).[39] Hope's Christmas specials were popular favorites and often featured a performance of "Silver Bells"—from his 1951 film The Lemon Drop Kid—done as a duet with an often much younger female guest star such as Olivia Newton-John, Barbara Eden, and Brooke Shields,[40] or with his wife Dolores, a former singer with whom he dueted on two specials. Hope's 1970 and 1971 Christmas specials for NBC—filmed in Vietnam
Vietnam
in front of military audiences at the height of the war—are on the list of the Top 46 U.S. network prime-time telecasts. Both were seen by more than 60 percent of the U.S. households watching television.[41]

Hope with James Garner
James Garner
(1961)

The Adventures of Bob Hope[edit] Main article: The Adventures of Bob Hope Beginning in early 1950, Hope licensed rights to publish a celebrity comic book titled The Adventures of Bob Hope to National Periodical Publications, alias DC Comics. The comic, originally featuring publicity stills of Hope on the cover, was entirely made up of fictional stories, eventually including fictitious relatives, a high school taught by movie monsters, and a superhero called Super-Hip. It was published intermittently, and continued publication through issue #109 in 1969. Illustrators included Bob Oksner
Bob Oksner
and (for the last four issues) Neal Adams.[citation needed] USO
USO
Involvement[edit] See also: USO – Honoring Bob Hope

Hope entertains soldiers during World War II

While aboard the RMS Queen Mary
RMS Queen Mary
when World War II began in September 1939, Hope volunteered to perform a special show for the passengers, during which he sang "Thanks for the Memory" with rewritten lyrics.[42] He performed his first USO
USO
show on May 6, 1941, at March Field in California,[43] and continued to travel and entertain troops for the rest of World War II, later during the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the third phase of the Lebanon Civil War, the latter years of the Iran–Iraq War, and the 1990–91 Persian Gulf War.[19] His USO career lasted a half-century during which he headlined 57 times.[19] He had a deep respect for the men and women who served in the military, and this was reflected in his willingness to go anywhere to entertain them.[44] However, during the highly controversial Vietnam War, Hope had trouble convincing some performers to join him on tour. Anti-war sentiment was high, and his pro-troop stance made him a target of criticism from some quarters. Some shows were drowned out by boos, others were listened to in silence.[45] The tours were funded by the U.S. Department of Defense, Hope's television sponsors, and by NBC, the network that broadcast the television specials created after each tour from footage shot on location. However, the footage and shows were owned by Hope's own production company, which made them very lucrative ventures for him, as outlined by writer Richard Zoglin
Richard Zoglin
in his 2014 biography "Hope: Entertainer of the Century."

Hope at Lackland Air Force Base
Lackland Air Force Base
in Texas in 1990.

Hope sometimes recruited his own family members for USO
USO
travel. His wife, Dolores, sang from atop an armored vehicle during the Desert Storm tour, and granddaughter Miranda appeared alongside him on an aircraft carrier in the Indian Ocean.[44] Of Hope's USO
USO
shows in World War II, novelist John Steinbeck, who then was working as a war correspondent, wrote in 1943:

"When the time for recognition of service to the nation in wartime comes to be considered, Bob Hope
Bob Hope
should be high on the list. This man drives himself and is driven. It is impossible to see how he can do so much, can cover so much ground, can work so hard, and can be so effective. He works month after month at a pace that would kill most people."[46]

For his service to his country through the USO, he was awarded the Sylvanus Thayer Award
Sylvanus Thayer Award
by the United States Military Academy
United States Military Academy
at West Point in 1968.[47] A 1997 act of Congress signed by President Bill Clinton named Hope an "Honorary Veteran." He remarked, "I've been given many awards in my lifetime, but to be numbered among the men and women I admire most is the greatest honor I have ever received."[48] In an homage to Hope, comedian/TV host Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
carried a golf club on stage during the single week of USO
USO
performances he taped for his TV show, The Colbert Report, during the 2009 season.[49]

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and actress Ann Jillian
Ann Jillian
perform in the USO
USO
Christmas Tour during Operation Desert Shield, 1990

Theater[edit] Hope's first Broadway appearances, in 1927's The Sidewalks of New York and 1928's Ups-a-Daisy, were minor walk-on parts.[50] He returned to Broadway in 1933 to star as Huckleberry Haines in the Jerome Kern
Jerome Kern
/ Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
musical Roberta.[51] Stints in the musicals Say When, the 1936 Ziegfeld Follies
Ziegfeld Follies
with Fanny Brice, and Red, Hot and Blue with Ethel Merman
Ethel Merman
and Jimmy Durante
Jimmy Durante
followed.[52] Hope reprised his role as Huck Haines in a 1958 production of Roberta
Roberta
at The Muny
The Muny
Theater in Forest Park in St. Louis, Missouri.[53] Additionally, Hope rescued the Eltham
Eltham
Little Theatre in England
England
from closure by providing funds to buy the property. He continued his interest and support, and regularly visited the facility when in London. In 1982, the theater was renamed in his honor.[54] Later appearances[edit] In 1992, Hope made a guest appearance as himself on the animated Fox series The Simpsons, in the episode titled "Lisa the Beauty Queen" (season 4, episode 4).[55] His 90th birthday television celebration in May 1993, Bob Hope: The First 90 Years, won an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Variety, Music Or Comedy Special.[56] Toward the end of his career, worsening vision problems rendered him unable to read his cue cards.[57] In October 1996, he announced he was ending his 60-year contract with NBC, joking that he "decided to become a free agent."[58] His final television special, Laughing with the Presidents, was broadcast in November 1996, with host Tony Danza helping him present a personal retrospective of presidents of the United States known to Hope, a frequent White House visitor over the years. However, the special received poor reviews.[59] Following a brief appearance at the 50th Primetime Emmy Awards in 1997, Hope made his last TV appearance, a 1997 commercial with the introduction of Big Kmart directed by Penny Marshall.[60] Critical reception[edit]

Hope with comic sidekick Jerry Colonna and his trademark handlebar mustache in 1940.

Hope was widely praised for his comedy timing and his specialization in the use of one-liners and rapid-fire delivery of jokes. His style of self-deprecating jokes, first building himself up then tearing himself down, was unique. Working tirelessly, he performed hundreds of times per year.[61] Such early films as The Cat and the Canary (1939) and The Paleface (1948) were financially successful and praised by critics,[62] and by the mid-1940s, with his radio program getting good ratings as well, he was one of the most popular entertainers in the United States.[63] When Paramount threatened to stop production of the "Road" pictures in 1945, they received 75,000 letters of protest.[64] Hope had no faith in his skills as a dramatic actor, and his performances of that type were not as well received.[65] He had been a leader in radio until the late 1940s, but as his ratings began to slip in the 1950s, he switched to television and became an early pioneer of that medium.[40][66] And, in keeping with his ever-hectic schedule, he published several books he dictated to ghostwriters about his wartime experiences.[63] Although Hope made an effort to keep his material up to date, he never adapted his comic persona or his routines to any great degree. As Hollywood began to transition to the "New Hollywood" era in the 1960s, he reacted negatively, such as when he hosted the 40th Academy Awards in 1968 and voiced his contempt by mocking the show's delay because of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
and condescendingly greeted attending younger actors on stage—such as Dustin Hoffman, who was 30 at the time—as children.[67] By the 1970s, his popularity was beginning to wane with military personnel and with the movie-going public in general.[68] However, he continued doing USO
USO
tours into the 1980s,[69] and continued to appear on television into the 1990s. Former First Lady Nancy Reagan, a close friend and frequent host to him at the White House, called Hope "America's most honored citizen and our favorite clown."[70]

Bob Hope, a golf fan, putting a golf ball into an ashtray held by President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
in the Oval Office
Oval Office
in 1973

Hope was well known as an avid golfer, playing in as many as 150 charity tournaments a year.[71] Introduced to the game in the 1930s while performing in Winnipeg, Canada,[72] he eventually played to a four handicap. His love for the game—and the humor he could find in it—made him a sought-after foursome member. He once remarked that President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
gave up golf for painting -- "Fewer strokes, you know."[73] He also was quoted as saying, "It's wonderful how you can start out with three strangers in the morning, play 18 holes, and by the time the day is over you have three solid enemies." [74] A golf club became an integral prop for Hope during the standup segments of his television specials and USO
USO
shows. In 1978, he putted against the then-two-year-old Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
in a television appearance with the actor Jimmy Stewart on The Mike Douglas Show.[75] The Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Classic, founded in 1960, made history in 1995 when Hope teed up for the opening round in a foursome that included Presidents Gerald Ford, George H.W. Bush, and Bill Clinton, the only time three U.S. presidents played in the same golf foursome.[76] The event, now known as the CareerBuilder Challenge, was one of the few PGA Tour tournaments that took place over five rounds, until the 2012 tournament when it was cut back to the conventional four.[77] Hope had a heavy interest in sports beyond golf and his brief fling as a professional boxer in his youth. In 1946, he bought a small stake in the Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
professional baseball team[78] and held it for most of the rest of his life.[79] He appeared on the June 3, 1963, cover of Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
magazine wearing an Indians uniform,[80] and sang a special version of "Thanks for the Memory" after the Indians' last game at Cleveland Stadium
Cleveland Stadium
on October 3, 1993.[81] He also bought a share with Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
of the Los Angeles Rams
Los Angeles Rams
football team in 1947, but sold it in 1962.[82] He frequently used his television specials to promote the annual AP College Football All-America Team. The players would come onstage one-by-one and introduce themselves, then Hope, often dressed in a football uniform, would give a one-liner about the player or his school.[83] Personal life[edit] Marriages[edit]

The Hope family. Back, from left: Tony, Dolores, and Linda. Front, from left: Kelly, Hope, and Nora

Hope's short-lived first marriage was to vaudeville partner Grace Louise Troxell, a secretary from Chicago, Illinois, who was the daughter of Edward and Mary (McGinnes) Troxell. They were married on January 25, 1933, in Erie, Pennsylvania, with Alderman Eugene Alberstadt officiating.[84][85] They divorced in November 1934.[86] The couple had shared headliner status with Joe Howard at the Palace Theatre in April 1931, performing "Keep Smiling" and the "Antics of 1931."[87] The couple was working together at the RKO Albee, performing the "Antics of 1933" along with Ann Gillens and Johnny Peters in June of that year.[88] The following month, singer Dolores Reade joined Hope's vaudeville troupe and was performing with him at Loew's Metropolitan Theater. She was described as a "former Zeigfeld beauty and one of society's favorite nightclub entertainers, having appeared at many private social functions at New York, Palm Beach, and Southampton."[89] Their long marriage was fraught with ambiguities. As Richard Zoglin wrote in his 2014 biography Hope: Entertainer of the Century, "Bob and Dolores always claimed that they married in February 1934 in Erie, Pennsylvania. But at that time he was secretly married to his vaudeville partner Louise Troxell, after three years together on and off. I found divorce papers for Bob and Louise dated November 1934, so either Bob Hope
Bob Hope
was a bigamist or he lied about marrying Dolores in February that year. He'd actually married Louise in January 1933 in Erie when they were traveling on the vaudeville circuit. When he claimed he had married Dolores in Erie he was miles away in New York, on Broadway. More intriguing, there is no record anywhere of his marriage to Dolores, if it happened. And there are no wedding photos, either. But he never forgot Louise and quietly sent her money in her later years."[86] It is interesting to note that "New York City, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-1995" at Ancestry.com, includes a 1993 marriage license for Dolores Mary Defina and Lester Townes Hope in Manhattan.[90] Dolores (DeFina) Reade had been one of Hope's co-stars on Broadway in Roberta. The couple adopted four children through an Evanston, IL, adoption agency called The Cradle: Linda (in 1939), Tony (1940), Kelly (1946), and Eleanora, known as Nora (1946).[91] From them, they had several grandchildren, including Andrew, Miranda, and Zachary Hope. Tony (as Anthony J. Hope) served as a presidential appointee in the George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
and Clinton administrations and in a variety of posts under Presidents Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
and Ronald Reagan.[92] The couple lived at 10346 Moorpark Street in Toluca Lake, California from 1937 until his death. In 1935, they lived in Manhattan.[93] Extramarital affairs[edit]

With Dorothy Lamour
Dorothy Lamour
in Road to Bali

Hope had a reputation as a womanizer and continued to see other women throughout his marriage.[94] As Zoglin wrote in Hope: Entertainer of the Century, " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
had affairs with chorus girls, beauty queens, singers and showbiz wannabes up into his 70s. He had a different girl on his arm every night. He was still having affairs into his 80s..." As just one example among many, in 1949 while Hope was in Dallas
Dallas
on a publicity tour for his radio show, he met Barbara Payton, a contract player at Universal Studios, who at the time was on her own public relations jaunt. Shortly thereafter, Hope set up Payton in an apartment in Hollywood.[95] The arrangement soured as Hope was not able to satisfy Payton's definition of generosity and her need for attention.[96] Hope paid her off to end the affair quietly. Payton later revealed the affair in an article printed in July 1956 in the tell-all magazine Confidential.[97] "Hope was ... at times a mean-spirited individual with the ability to respond with a ruthless vengeance when sufficiently provoked."[98] His advisors counseled him to avoid further publicity by ignoring the Confidential exposé.[98] "Barbara's ... revelations caused a minor ripple ... and then quickly sank without causing any appreciable damage to Bob Hope's legendary career."[98] According to Arthur Marx's 1993 Hope biography, The Secret Life of Bob Hope, Hope's subsequent long-term affair with actress Marilyn Maxwell was so open that the Hollywood community routinely referred to her as "Mrs. Bob Hope".[99] Vision philanthropy[edit]

From left to right: Spiro and Judy Agnew, Bob and Dolores Hope, Richard and Pat Nixon, Nancy and Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
during a campaign stop for the Nixon-Agnew ticket
Nixon-Agnew ticket
in California, 1971

Hope, who suffered from vision problems for much of his adult life, served as an active honorary chairman on the board of Fight for Sight, a nonprofit organization in the United States which funds medical research in vision and ophthalmology. He hosted its Lights On telecast in 1960 and donated $100,000 to establish the Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Fight for Sight Fund.[100] Hope recruited numerous top celebrities for the annual "Lights On" fundraiser. As an example, he hosted boxing champion Joe Frazier, actress Yvonne De Carlo, and singer-actor Sergio Franchi
Sergio Franchi
as headliners for the April 25, 1971, show at Philharmonic Hall in Milwaukee.[101] His later years[edit]

Hope (left) with Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
and President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in 1981

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and his wife, Dolores Hope, on Capitol Hill as he receives an award in 1978

Hope continued an active entertainment career past his 75th birthday, concentrating on his television specials and USO
USO
tours. Although he had given up starring in movies after Cancel My Reservation, he made several cameos in various films and co-starred with Don Ameche
Don Ameche
in the 1986 TV movie A Masterpiece of Murder.[102] A television special created for his 80th birthday in 1983 at the Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
in Washington, D.C., featured President Ronald Reagan, actress Lucille Ball, comedian-actor-writer George Burns, and many others.[103] In 1985, he was presented with the Life Achievement Award at the Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honors,[104] and in 1998 he was appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth II. Upon accepting the appointment, Hope quipped, "I'm speechless. 70 years of ad lib material and I'm speechless."[105] At the age of 95, Hope made an appearance at the 50th anniversary of the Primetime Emmy Awards with Milton Berle
Milton Berle
and Sid Caesar.[106] Two years later, he was present at the opening of the Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Gallery of American Entertainment at the Library of Congress. The Library of Congress has presented two major exhibitions about Hope's life -- "Hope for America: Performers, Politics and Pop Culture" and "Bob Hope and American Variety."[107][108] Hope celebrated his 100th birthday on May 29, 2003.[109] He is among a small group of notable centenarians in the field of entertainment. To mark this event, the intersection of Hollywood and Vine
Hollywood and Vine
in Los Angeles was named " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Square" and his centennial was declared "Bob Hope Day" in 35 states. Even at 100, Hope maintained his self-deprecating sense of humor, quipping, "I'm so old, they've canceled my blood type."[110] He converted to Roman Catholicism late in life.[111] Illness and death[edit]

At a USO
USO
show

In 1998, five years before his death, a prepared obituary written by the Associated Press
Associated Press
inadvertently was released, resulting in Hope's death being announced on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives.[112][113] However, Hope remained in relatively good health until late in his old age, though he became somewhat frail in his last few years.[114] In June 2000, he spent nearly a week in a California hospital being treated for gastrointestinal bleeding.[115] In August 2001, he spent close to two weeks in a hospital recovering from pneumonia.[116]

Graves of Bob and Dolores Hope, on the grounds of the Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana

On the morning of July 27, 2003, Hope died of pneumonia aged 100 at his home in Toluca Lake, California.[110] His grandson Zach Hope told TV interviewer Soledad O'Brien
Soledad O'Brien
that, when asked on his deathbed where he wanted to be buried, Hope told his wife, Dolores, "Surprise me."[117] He was interred in the Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Memorial Garden at San Fernando Mission Cemetery in Los Angeles, joined in 2011 by Dolores when she died—four months after her 102nd birthday.[118] After his death, newspaper cartoonists worldwide paid tribute to his work for the USO, and some featured drawings of Bing Crosby, who had died in 1977, welcoming Hope to Heaven.[119] As a final honor and tribute to his life of service to the USO
USO
and to men and women of the United States Military, on July 30, 2003, the United States Congress
United States Congress
passed the Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Arlington Honors Act of 2003, which "Directs the Secretary of the Army to permit the burial of Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope of California, an honorary veteran of the armed forces, in Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia, upon the request of his family."[120] Estate[edit] Hope's Modernist
Modernist
23,366-square-foot (2,171 m2) home, built to resemble a volcano, was designed in 1973 by John Lautner. It is located above Palm Springs, with panoramic views of the Coachella Valley and the San Jacinto Mountains. It was put on the market for the first time in February 2013 with an asking price of $50 million.[121] Hope also owned a home which had been custom built for him in 1939 on an 87,000-square-foot (8,083 m2) lot in Toluca Lake. That house was put on the market in late 2012.[122] His house at 2466 Southridge Drive in Palm Springs, California, sold in November 2016 for $13 million to investor Ron Burkle, far below its 2013 asking price of $50 million.[123] Awards and honors[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Bob Hope

Nancy Reagan
Nancy Reagan
prepares to present Hope (age 94) with the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, 1997

Hope was awarded more than 2,000 honors and awards, including 54 honorary university doctorates. In 1963, President John F. Kennedy awarded him the Congressional Gold Medal
Congressional Gold Medal
for service to his country.[124] President Lyndon Johnson
Lyndon Johnson
bestowed the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 for his service to the armed forces through the USO.[125] In 1982, he received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public Service by a Private Citizen, an honor given annually by Jefferson Awards.[126] He was presented with the National Medal of Arts in 1995[127] and received the Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Freedom Award in 1997.[128] On June 10, 1980, he became the 64th—and only civilian—recipient of the United States Air Force Order of the Sword which recognizes individuals who have made significant contributions to the enlisted corps.[129] Several buildings and facilities were renamed for Hope, including the historic Fox Theater in downtown Stockton, CA,[130] and the Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, CA.[131] There is a Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Gallery at the Library of Congress.[132] In memory of his mother, Avis Towns Hope, Bob and Dolores Hope
Dolores Hope
gave the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, DC, a chapel called the Chapel of Our Lady of Hope.[133] USNS Bob Hope (T-AKR-300) of the U.S. Military Sealift Command
Military Sealift Command
was named for the performer in 1997. It is one of very few U.S. naval ships that were named after living people.[134] The Air Force named a C-17 Globemaster III
C-17 Globemaster III
transport aircraft the Spirit of Bob Hope.[135] In 1978, Hope was invited to dot the "i" in the Ohio State University Marching Band's "Script Ohio" formation, an honor only given to non-band members on 14 occasions from 1936 through 2016.[136] He also sang a version of his classic song "Thanks for the Memory" after the final Cleveland Indians
Cleveland Indians
game in Cleveland's Municipal Stadium on October 3, 1993. In Hope's hometown of Cleveland, the refurbished Lorain-Carnegie Bridge was renamed the Hope Memorial Bridge in 1983, though differing claims have been made as to whether the bridge honors Hope himself, his entire family, or his stonemason father who helped in the bridge's construction. Also, East 14th Street near Playhouse Square
Playhouse Square
in Cleveland's theater district was renamed Memory Lane- Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Way in 2003 in honor of the entertainer's 100th birthday.[137] In 1992, Hope was honored with the "Lombardi Award of Excellence" from the Vince Lombardi
Vince Lombardi
Cancer Foundation. The award was created to honor the football coach's legacy, and is awarded annually to an individual who exemplifies his spirit. On May 28, 2003, President George W. Bush established the Bob Hope
Bob Hope
American Patriot Award.[138] Academy Awards[edit] Although he was never nominated for a competitive Oscar, Hope was given five honorary awards by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences:[139]

13th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1940): Special
Special
Award in recognition of his unselfish services to the motion picture industry 17th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1944): Special
Special
Award for his many services to the Academy 25th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1952): Honorary Award for his contribution to the laughter of the world, his service to the motion picture industry, and his devotion to the American premise 32nd Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1959): Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award 38th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(1965): Honorary Award for unique and distinguished service to the industry and the Academy

Discography[edit] Singles[edit]

Year Single US Pop Chart[140]

1938 "Thanks for the Memory" (A-side) ( Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and Shirley Ross) —

1939 "Two Sleepy People" (B-side) ( Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and Shirley Ross) 15

1945 "(We're Off on the) Road to Morocco" ( Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
and Bob Hope) 21

1950 "Blind Date" ( Margaret Whiting
Margaret Whiting
and Bob Hope) 16

Bibliography[edit] Main article: Bob Hope
Bob Hope
bibliography See also[edit]

Biography portal Bob Hope
Bob Hope
television appearances

References[edit]

^ a b At the time of his birth, Eltham
Eltham
had been part of the County of London since 1900 ^ "Committee Reports: 105th Congress (1997–1998): House Report 105-109". Library of Congress. Retrieved August 3, 2012.  ^ "Barry Ideas Bank". Crowdicity. Retrieved February 2, 2016.  ^ Moreno 2008, p. 88. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 4. ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and the American Variety: Early Life". Library of Congress. Retrieved August 3, 2012.  ^ "Boys' Industrial School". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Retrieved August 7, 2011.  ^ "Bob Hope". Boxing-scoop.com. Retrieved April 11, 2012.  ^ White, Timothy (March 20, 1980). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Reflects on the Road Not Taken". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 6, 2018.  ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 19–23. ^ Faith 2003, pp. 402–403. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 44. ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 15–16. ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and American Variety: On the Road: USO
USO
Shows". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 4, 2014.  ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 57–58. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 229. ^ "Bob Hope: King of the Oscars". Biography. Retrieved July 19, 2017.  ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 318–320. ^ a b c Grudens 2002, pp. 181–182. ^ Maltin 1972, p. 25. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 105, 107. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 110, 113. ^ Lahr 1998. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 133. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 112. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 128. ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 174–180. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 127. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 127, 137. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 265. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 287. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 41. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 285–286. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 154. ^ McCaffrey 2005, p. 56. ^ Nachman 1998, p. 144. ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 30–32. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 92–103. ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 47–48. ^ a b Grudens 2002, p. 160. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 48. ^ Friedrich 1986, p. 26. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 113. ^ a b King, Larry (August 27, 2003). "Interview Q&A between Hope-Smith and Z. Hope: Tribute to Bob Hope". Larry King Live. CNN Transcripts.  ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 251, 254, 258. ^ Steinbeck 1958, p. 65. ^ "1968 Sylvanus Thayer Award: Bob Hope". West Point Association of Graduates. Retrieved August 6, 2012.  ^ Faith 2003, p. 429. ^ "A salute for Stephen Colbert". Los Angeles Times. Eddy Hartenstein. June 13, 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ Faith 2003, p. 403. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 71. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 73–75. ^ "Comedian Bob Hope
Bob Hope
opened in The Muny's production of Roberta". The Muny. June 16, 1958. Retrieved August 14, 2012.  ^ "Bob Hope's 100th Birthday". The Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Theatre. May 29, 2003. Retrieved August 14, 2012.  ^ "The Simpsons: Lisa and the Beauty Queen". Fox Broadcasting Company. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ "Bob Hope: The First 90 Years: NBC". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ Quirk 1998, p. 291. ^ Errico, Marcus (October 23, 1996). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Liberated from NBC After 60 Years". E! Entertainment Television. Retrieved August 18, 2012.  ^ Seely, Mike (November 30, 2005). "Bob Hope's Laughing with the Presidents (1997)". The Riverfront Times. Village Voice Media Holdings. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ Lorencz, Mary; Baldwin, Paula (October 23, 1997). "Kmart Launches Celebrity-Studded TV Ad Campaign for New Big Kmart". Press release. Sears Holdings Corporation. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ Quirk 1998, p. 158. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 123, 183. ^ a b Quirk 1998, p. 153. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 172. ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 184, 187. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 173. ^ Harris, Mark (2008). Pictures at a Revolution. Penguin Press. p. 409.  ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 255, 276, 314. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 161. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 312. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 57. ^ McCarten, Barry (August 12, 2012). "History and Live Theatre in Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved August 31, 2012.  ^ West, Bob (May 31, 1980). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
hooked for life by golf, Hughen students". The Port Arthur News. Roger Underwood. Retrieved July 19, 2008.  ^ "Profile: Bob Hope". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 4, 2013.  ^ "New era dawns in California desert". Fox Broadcasting Company. January 18, 2012. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ "Tournament History". Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Chrysler
Chrysler
Classic. Archived from the original on March 1, 2000. Retrieved August 17, 2012.  ^ "Humana Challenge Unveils Tournament Details and Structure at Media Day". Business Wire. December 6, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ " Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
Buys Chunk of Pirates As Club Sold to New Owners' Group". Windsor Daily Star. August 9, 1946. p. Second section, p. 3.  ^ Rea, Steven X (August 21, 1982). "Why Bob Hope's Still on the Road". Montreal Gazette. Alan Allnutt. p. E–1. Retrieved August 10, 2012.  ^ "SI Vault: Bob Hope". Sports Illustrated. Turner Sports & Entertainment Digital Network. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ Dawidziak, Mark (May 29, 2003). "For our favorite son Bob Hope, all roads lead back home to Ohio". Cleveland
Cleveland
Plain Dealer. Advance Publications. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ "Reeves Buys Rams For $4.8 Million". Lodi News-Sentinel. Marty Weybret. December 28, 1962. p. 9.  ^ "FWAA Names 2009 All-American Team". Football Writers Association of America. December 12, 2009. Retrieved August 12, 2012.  ^ "Pennsylvania, County Marriages, 1885-1950," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VFQR-NPT), William H Hope in entry for Leslie T Hope and Grace L Troxell, January 25, 1933; citing Marriage, Pennsylvania, county courthouses, Pennsylvania; FHL microfilm 2,259,873. ^ Quirk 1998, p. 66. ^ a b Sheridan, Peter (August 16, 2014). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
the Bigamist". Daily Express. Retrieved August 16, 2014.  ^ The Scranton Republican, Scranton, Pennsylvania, Monday, April 27, 1931, p. 4 ^ The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, New York, Wednesday, June 28, 1933, p. 35 ^ Eagle Brooklyn, New York, Saturday, July 14, 1933, p. 5 ^ Ancestry.com, Dolores Mary Defina in the New York City, Marriage License Indexes, 1907-1995 ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 86–87. ^ "Anthony J. Hope, 63, Head Of Panel and Bob Hope's Son". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. July 2, 2004. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ 1940 US Census via Ancestry.com ^ Quirk 1998, pp. 82, 90. ^ O'Dowd 2006, p. 65. ^ O'Dowd 2006, pp. 66, 67. ^ O'Dowd 2006, p. 311. ^ a b c O'Dowd 2006, p. 313. ^ Marx, Arthur (1993). The Secret Life of Bob Hope: An Unauthorized Biography. Fort Lee, New Jersey: Barricade Books. ISBN 978-0-942637-74-8.  ^ "History: Fight for Sight Leaders: Lights On Fundraiser, Celebrity Supporters". Fight for Sight. Retrieved August 14, 2012.  ^ Wilson, Earl (April 14, 1971). " Sergio Franchi
Sergio Franchi
& Yvonne de Carlo featured at "Fight for Sight" Benefit". The Milwaukee
Milwaukee
Sentinel. Milwaukee, WI: Elizabeth Brenner.  ^ "A Masterpiece of Murder (1896)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ "The Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Show: Happy Birthday, Bob!". CBS Corporation. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ "History of Past Honorees". Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
for the Performing Arts. Archived from the original on December 9, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ Ward, Linda. "Bob Hope: Thanks for the memory". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ Gallo, Phil (September 12, 1998). "The 50th Annual Primetime Emmy Awards". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ "Hope for America: Performers, Politics and Pop Culture". Library of Congress. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and American Variety". Library of Congress. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ "Bob Hope's 100th birthday greeted with good wishes". USA Today. Gannett Company. Associated Press. May 30, 2003. Retrieved November 16, 2012.  ^ a b "Comedian Bob Hope
Bob Hope
dies". BBC News. July 28, 2003. Retrieved August 18, 2012.  ^ "St. Charles Catholic Church". Gary Wayne. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ House Session. C-SPAN. June 5, 1998. Event occurs at 6:01:45. Retrieved July 15, 2012.  ^ Quirk 1998, p. 313. ^ Grudens 2002, p. 148. ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
released from hospital". CNN. June 7, 2000. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2011.  ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
stays in hospital". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. September 4, 2001. Retrieved August 7, 2011.  ^ O'Brien, Soledad (July 29, 2003). "Hope grandson: Laughter until the end". CNN. Retrieved August 7, 2011.  ^ Doyle, Paula (August 23, 2005). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Memorial Garden opens at San Fernando Mission". Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on August 24, 2005. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "In Memory of Bob Hope". Forward Air Controllers Association. Retrieved June 10, 2012.  ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/108th-congress/senate-bill/1489 ^ Higgins, Michelle (February 25, 2013). " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Estate in Palm Springs Is Up for Sale". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2013.  ^ Mikailian 2012. ^ https://la.curbed.com/2016/11/15/13643418/bob-hope-lautner-home-palm-springs-sold ^ Grudens 2002, pp. 152–153. ^ "Great American Patriot Bob Hope". USA Patriotism. Retrieved August 7, 2011.  ^ "National Winners: Public service awards". Jefferson Awards.org. Jefferson Awards for Public Service. Retrieved August 2, 2013.  ^ "Lifetime Honors: 1995". National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "Hope Gets Freedom Award". Times-Union. Warsaw, Indiana. May 30, 1997. Retrieved August 14, 2012.  ^ "Members of the Order of the Sword". Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, Montgomery, Alabama: Air University. Retrieved August 16, 2012.  ^ "Durkan Plays the Supporting Role in the Restoration of Bob Hope Theater" (PDF). The Mohawk Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 14, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ Castro, Tony (June 1, 2010). "Burbank airport honors namesake". Los Angeles Daily News. Jack Klunder. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Gallery" [1]. Retrieved July 14, 2015. ^ Mary Claire Campbell, " Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and His Ladies of Hope: His Mother, Wife and Our Lady of Hope
Our Lady of Hope
Made All the Difference in His Life", October 19, 2011, [2]. Retrieved July 14, 2015. ^ "T-AKR USNS Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Large, Medium-speed, roll-on/roll-off ships [LMSR]". Federation of American Scientists. 2011. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ "Boeing C-17 Dedicated to the Spirit of Medal of Honor". Warplanes Online Community. Archived from the original on June 23, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2012.  ^ "Nicklaus to dot the I on Saturday".  ^ "Ohio remembers Bob Hope's roots on his 100th birthday".  ^ Office of the Press Secretary (June 3, 2003). "Establishing the Bob Hope American Patriot Award" (PDF). Federal Register. Washington, D.C.: Federal Government of the United States. Archived from the original on June 3, 2003. Retrieved April 9, 2017.  ^ " Academy Awards
Academy Awards
Database". Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences. Retrieved August 18, 2012.  ^ Whitburn, Joel (1986). Pop Memories: 1890-1954. Record Research. 

Bibliography[edit]

Faith, William Robert (2003). Bob Hope: A Life in Comedy. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81207-1.  Friedrich, Otto (1986). City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in 1940s. Berkeley; Los Angeles: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20949-7.  Grudens, Richard (2002). The Spirit of Bob Hope: One Hundred Years, One Million Laughs. Soiux Falls, SD: Pine Hill Press. ISBN 978-1-57579-227-9.  Lahr, John (December 21, 1998). "Profiles: The CEO of Comedy". The New Yorker: 62–79.  Maltin, Leonard (1972). The Great Movie Shorts. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-517-50455-0.  McCaffrey, Donald W. (2005). The Road to Comedy: The films of Bob Hope. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-98257-7.  Mikailian, Arin (December 5, 2012). "Bob Hope's Toluca Lake
Toluca Lake
Home Hitting the Market". North Hollywood- Toluca Lake
Toluca Lake
Patch. Retrieved June 8, 2013.  Moreno, Barry (2008). Ellis Island's Famous Immigrants. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-5533-1.  Nachman, Gerald (1998). Raised on Radio. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 978-0-375-40287-6.  O'Dowd, John (2006). Kiss Tomorrow Goodbye: The Barbara Payton
Barbara Payton
Story. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-063-9.  Quirk, Lawrence J. (1998). Bob Hope: The Road Well-Traveled. New York: Applause. ISBN 978-1-55783-353-2.  Steinbeck, John (1958). Once There Was A War. New York: Viking Press. OCLC 394412. 

Further reading[edit]

Mills, Robert L. (2009). The Laugh Makers: A Behind the Scenes Tribute to Bob Hope's Incredible Gag Writers. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-323-4.  Wilde, Larry (2000). The Great Comedians Talk
Talk
About Comedy. Executive Books. ISBN 978-0-937539-51-4.  Young, Jordan R. (1999). The Laugh Crafters: Comedy Writing in Radio and TV's Golden Age. Beverly Hills, CA: Past Times Publishing. ISBN 978-0-940410-37-4.  Zoglin, Richard (2014). Hope: Entertainer of the Century. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-4391-4858-7. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bob Hope

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bob Hope.

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at Encyclopædia Britannica Bob Hope
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at AllMovie Bob Hope
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Internet Broadway Database
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Bob Hope
on IMDb Bob Hope
Bob Hope
at the TCM Movie Database Bob Hope
Bob Hope
at the National Radio Hall of Fame MS NBC
NBC
tribute series:

"Hope-ful Century of Wit and Laughter" "100 Years of Hope: The Early Years" "100 Years of Hope: Slapstick and the Great Divide"

Congressional Gold Medal
Congressional Gold Medal
Recipients Literature on Bob Hope Law making Bob Hope
Bob Hope
an honorary veteran Bob Hope
Bob Hope
on Outlaws Old Time Radio Corner National Press Club Luncheon Speakers, Bob Hope, July 8, 1980

v t e

Bob Hope

Singles

"Thanks for the Memory" "Two Sleepy People" "The Road to Morocco" (with Bing Crosby) "Buttons and Bows"

Related works

Filmography Bibliography Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Presents the Chrysler
Chrysler
Theatre The Adventures of Bob Hope Bob Hope
Bob Hope
short subjects Television specials

Related

Awards and nominations Dolores Hope
Dolores Hope
(wife) Jack Hope
Jack Hope
(brother) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Airport Bob Hope
Bob Hope
Classic Bob Hope
Bob Hope
British Classic

Awards for Bob Hope

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award

Y. Frank Freeman (1956) Samuel Goldwyn (1957) Bob Hope (1959) Sol Lesser (1960) George Seaton (1961) Steve Broidy (1962) Edmond L. DePatie (1965) George Bagnall (1966) Gregory Peck (1967) Martha Raye (1968) George Jessel (1969) Frank Sinatra (1970) Rosalind Russell (1972) Lew Wasserman (1973) Arthur B. Krim (1974) Jules C. Stein (1975) Charlton Heston (1977) Leo Jaffe (1978) Robert Benjamin (1979) Danny Kaye (1981) Walter Mirisch (1982) M. J. Frankovich (1983) David L. Wolper (1984) Charles "Buddy" Rogers (1985) Howard W. Koch (1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
/ Elizabeth Taylor (1992) Paul Newman (1993) Quincy Jones (1994) Arthur Hiller (2001) Roger Mayer (2005) Sherry Lansing (2007) Jerry Lewis (2009) Oprah Winfrey (2011) Jeffrey Katzenberg (2012) Angelina Jolie (2013) Harry Belafonte (2014) Debbie Reynolds (2015)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

Hasty Pudding Men of the Year

Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1969) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1970) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1971) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Peter Falk
Peter Falk
(1974) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Robert Blake (1976) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1979) Alan Alda
Alan Alda
(1980) John Travolta
John Travolta
(1981) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1982) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1983) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1984) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(1985) Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
(1986) Mikhail Baryshnikov
Mikhail Baryshnikov
(1987) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1988) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1991) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1992) Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
(1993) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1994) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1995) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(1996) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1997) Kevin Kline
Kevin Kline
(1998) Samuel L. Jackson
Samuel L. Jackson
(1999) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(2000) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2001) Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
(2002) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2003) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(2004) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(2005) Richard Gere
Richard Gere
(2006) Ben Stiller
Ben Stiller
(2007) Christopher Walken
Christopher Walken
(2008) James Franco
James Franco
(2009) Justin Timberlake
Justin Timberlake
(2010) Jay Leno
Jay Leno
(2011) Jason Segel
Jason Segel
(2012) Kiefer Sutherland
Kiefer Sutherland
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chris Pratt
Chris Pratt
(2015) Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
(2016) Ryan Reynolds
Ryan Reynolds
(2017) Paul Rudd
Paul Rudd
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center
Kennedy Center
Honorees (1980s)

1980

Leonard Bernstein James Cagney Agnes de Mille Lynn Fontanne Leontyne Price

1981

Count Basie Cary Grant Helen Hayes Jerome Robbins Rudolf Serkin

1982

George Abbott Lillian Gish Benny Goodman Gene Kelly Eugene Ormandy

1983

Katherine Dunham Elia Kazan Frank Sinatra James Stewart Virgil Thomson

1984

Lena Horne Danny Kaye Gian Carlo Menotti Arthur Miller Isaac Stern

1985

Merce Cunningham Irene Dunne Bob Hope Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
& Frederick Loewe Beverly Sills

1986

Lucille Ball Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
& Jessica Tandy Yehudi Menuhin Antony Tudor Ray Charles

1987

Perry Como Bette Davis Sammy Davis Jr. Nathan Milstein Alwin Nikolais

1988

Alvin Ailey George Burns Myrna Loy Alexander Schneider Roger L. Stevens

1989

Harry Belafonte Claudette Colbert Alexandra Danilova Mary Martin William Schuman

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Film Society of Lincoln Center
Film Society of Lincoln Center
Gala Tribute Honorees

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1972) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1973) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1974) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
and Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1975) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1978) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1979) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1984) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1985) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1986) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1987) Yves Montand
Yves Montand
(1988) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1989) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1990) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1991) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1992) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1993) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1994) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1997) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1998) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1999) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2000) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2001) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(2002) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(2003) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2004) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(2005) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2006) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2007) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2008) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2009) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2010) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2011) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2012) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2013) Rob Reiner
Rob Reiner
(2014) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2015) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2016) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2017) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2018)

v t e

Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

v t e

TCA Career Achievement Award

Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
(1985) Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite
(1986) Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
(1987) David Brinkley
David Brinkley
(1988) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1989) Jim Henson
Jim Henson
(1990) Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1991) Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
(1992) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1993) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
(1994) Ted Turner
Ted Turner
(1995) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
(1996) Fred Rogers
Fred Rogers
(1997) Roone Arledge (1998) Norman Lear
Norman Lear
(1999) Dick Van Dyke
Dick Van Dyke
(2000) Sid Caesar
Sid Caesar
(2001) Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(2002) Carl Reiner
Carl Reiner
(2003) Don Hewitt
Don Hewitt
(2004) Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(2005) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(2006) Mary Tyler Moore
Mary Tyler Moore
(2007) Lorne Michaels
Lorne Michaels
(2008) Betty White
Betty White
(2009) James Garner
James Garner
(2010) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2011) David Letterman
David Letterman
(2012) Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
(2013) James Burrows (2014) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(2015) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(2016) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
(2017)

v t e

Television Hall of Fame Class of 1987

Johnny Carson Jacques Cousteau Leonard Goldenson Jim Henson Bob Hope Ernie Kovacs Eric Sevareid

v t e

National Football Foundation Distinguished American Award recipients

1966: Carpenter 1969: MacLeish 1970: Lombardi 1971: Boyden 1972: Holland 1973: No award 1974: Hope 1975: Hesburgh 1976: Van Fleet 1977: Joyce 1978: No award 1979: Galbreath 1980: Russell 1981: Werblin 1982: Silver Anniversary (all honored) – Brown, Davis, Kemp, Ron Kramer, Swink 1983: Hess & Stewart 1984: Nelson 1985: Flynn 1986: Toner 1987: Sewell 1988: Rodgers 1989: Krause 1990: Rozelle 1991: Paterno 1992: Mara 1993: Kazmaier 1994: Bolden 1995: Osborne 1996: Monan, S.J 1997: No award 1998: Roy Kramer 1999: No award 2000: Decio 2001: Frank 2002: Young 2003: Khayat 2004: Casciola 2005: Page 2006: Tillman 2007: Bleier 2008: Pickens 2009: Payne 2010: Brokaw 2011: Roberts 2012: Bodenheimer 2013: Odierno 2014: No award 2015: Byrne, Tew & White 2016: McRaven

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 10033427 LCCN: n50028460 ISNI: 0000 0001 1020 9850 GND: 118639706 SELIBR: 228796 SUDOC: 073693138 BNF: cb13895312v (data) MusicBrainz: 48901e22-cc02-4fa0-8c7f-1fe2930dd45e NLA: 35205483 NDL: 00468538 NKC: xx0016164 BNE: XX1168

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