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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Kingdom of France
France
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Middle Ages
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Blois
Blois
(French pronunciation: ​[blwa]) is a city and the capital of Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
department in central France[1], situated on the banks of the lower river Loire between Orléans
Orléans
and Tours.

Contents

1 History 2 Population 3 Tourism

3.1 Château
Château
de Blois 3.2 The house of magic

4 Transport 5 Personalities 6 International relations 7 Fictional references 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Though of ancient origin, Blois
Blois
is first distinctly mentioned by Gregory of Tours
Tours
in the 6th century, and the city gained some notability in the 9th century, when it became the seat of a powerful countship known as Blesum castrum[2]. In 1171, Blois
Blois
was the site of a blood libel against its Jewish community that led to 31 Jews (by some accounts 40) being burned to death.[3] Their martyrdom also contributed to a prominent and durable school of poetry inspired by Christian persecution.[4] In 1196, Count Louis granted privileges to the townsmen; a commune, which survived throughout the Middle Ages, probably dated from this time. The counts of the Châtillon line resided at Blois
Blois
more often than their predecessors, and the oldest parts of the château (from the thirteenth century) were built by them. In 1429, Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
made Blois
Blois
her base of operations for the relief of Orléans. Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
rode the thirty-five miles on Wednesday 29 April to Blois
Blois
to relieve Orléans.[5] After his captivity in England, Charles of Orléans
Orléans
in 1440 took up his residence in the château, where in 1462 his son, afterwards Louis XII, was born. In the 16th century Blois
Blois
was often the resort of the French court. The Treaty of Blois, which temporarily halted the Italian Wars, was signed there in 1504–1505. The city's inhabitants included many Calvinists, and in 1562 and 1567 it was the scene of struggles between them and the supporters of the Catholic Church. In 1576 and 1588 Henri III, king of France, chose Blois
Blois
as the meeting-place of the States-General, and in 1588 he brought about the murders of Henry, duke of Guise, and his brother, Louis, archbishop of Reims and cardinal, in the Château, where their deaths were shortly followed by that of the queen-mother, Catherine de' Medici. From 1617 to 1619 Marie de' Medici, wife of King Henri IV, exiled from the court, lived at the château, which was soon afterwards given by King Louis XIII to his brother Gaston, Duke of Orléans, who lived there till his death in 1660. The bishopric, seated at Blois
Blois
Cathedral, dates from the end of the 17th century. In 1814 Blois
Blois
was for a short time the seat of the regency of Marie Louise, wife of Napoleon I. Blois
Blois
was occupied during World War II by the German army, which took the city on 18 June 1940. The city was liberated by American soldiers during the last two weeks of August 1944. On both occasions, the city withstood several days of bombing. Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 13,280 —    

1800 14,900 +12.2%

1806 13,054 −12.4%

1821 15,147 +16.0%

1831 13,138 −13.3%

1836 13,628 +3.7%

1841 16,156 +18.6%

1846 17,149 +6.1%

1851 17,749 +3.5%

1856 17,749 +0.0%

1861 20,331 +14.5%

1866 20,068 −1.3%

1872 19,860 −1.0%

1876 20,515 +3.3%

1881 21,077 +2.7%

1886 22,150 +5.1%

1891 23,457 +5.9%

1896 23,542 +0.4%

Year Pop. ±%

1901 23,789 +1.0%

1906 23,972 +0.8%

1911 23,955 −0.1%

1921 23,989 +0.1%

1926 23,991 +0.0%

1931 24,607 +2.6%

1936 26,025 +5.8%

1946 26,774 +2.9%

1954 28,190 +5.3%

1962 33,838 +20.0%

1968 42,264 +24.9%

1975 49,778 +17.8%

1982 47,243 −5.1%

1990 49,318 +4.4%

1999 49,062 −0.5%

2006 48,487 −1.2%

2009 46,013 −5.1%

2012 45,903 −0.2%

Tourism[edit] Château
Château
de Blois[edit] The Château
Château
de Blois, a Renaissance
Renaissance
château once occupied by King Louis XII, is located in the centre of the city, and an 18th-century stone bridge spans the Loire. As Blois
Blois
is built on a pair of steep hills, winding and steep pathways run through the city, culminating in long staircases at various points. To the south of the city, the Forêt de Russy is a reminder of the thick woods that once covered the area. The house of magic[edit] La Maison de la Magie Robert-Houdin
La Maison de la Magie Robert-Houdin
(The House of Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin) is a museum fronting on the Château. As a museum of France, it is the only public museum in Europe which incorporates in one place collections of magic and a site for permanent performing arts, and is directly reflects the personality of Robert-Houdin.[6][7][8][9] Transport[edit] The Gare de Blois
Gare de Blois
railway station offers direct connections to Paris, Orléans, Tours, Nantes
Nantes
and several regional destinations. The A10 motorway connects Blois
Blois
with Paris, Orléans
Orléans
and Tours.

Personalities[edit]

Bridge over the Loire in Blois

Château
Château
de Blois

Château de Blois
Château de Blois
(view from the west)

Blois
Blois
was the birthplace of:

Thubois (c.1044–1090) Stephen (c. 1096–1154), King of England from 1135 to 1154. Louis XII (1462–1515), King of France
France
from 1498 to 1515 Jean Morin (1591–1659), theologian and biblical scholar of Protestant parents Denis Papin
Denis Papin
(1647 – c. 1712), physicist, mathematician and inventor Thomas de Mahy, Marquis de Favras
Thomas de Mahy, Marquis de Favras
(1744–1790), royalist Jean Marie Pardessus
Jean Marie Pardessus
(1772–1853), lawyer Jacques Nicolas Augustin Thierry
Jacques Nicolas Augustin Thierry
(1795–1856), historian Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin
Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin
(1805–1871), magician René Guénon
René Guénon
(also Sheikh 'Abd al-Wahid Yahya), (1886–1951), author, philosopher, social critic, the founder of the Traditionalist School Philippe Ariès
Philippe Ariès
(1914–1984), medievalist and historian Albert Ronsin (1928–2007), 20th-century French scholar, historian, librarian, and curator Philippe Gondet (1942-2018), footballer Claudine Doury (born 1959), photographer Sonia Bompastor
Sonia Bompastor
(born 1980), female footballer Aly Cissokho
Aly Cissokho
(born 1987), footballer of Senegalese descent Bernard Onanga Itoua
Bernard Onanga Itoua
footballer Nicolas Vogondy
Nicolas Vogondy
(born 1977), cyclist Corentin Jean (born 1995), footballer

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Blois
Blois
is twinned with:

Waldshut-Tiengen, Germany, since 30 June 1963 Weimar, Germany, since 18 February 1995 Lewes, United kingdom, since 30 June 1963[10] Sighişoara, Romania, since 18 November 1995 Urbino, Italy, since 1 May 2003 ("friendship protocol") Huế, Vietnam, since 23 May 2007

Fictional references[edit] Athos, the count of La Fère (from Alexandre Dumas' The Three Musketeers) has a castle in Blois, in Twenty Years After, and The Vicomte de Bragelonne (from the same author). References[edit]

^ " Blois
Blois
Loire Valley France". www.experienceloire.com. Retrieved 2017-08-05.  ^ "The Chateau de Blois
Blois
& St Nicholas Cathedral, Blois
Blois
from the River Loire Artware Fine Art". www.artwarefineart.com. Retrieved 2017-08-05.  ^ The Martyrs of Blois ^ JEWISH POETRY Jewish Poetry And Martyrdom In Medieval France. Susan L. Einbinder. Princeton University Press. 2002. ^ Smith, John, Holland (1973). "Joan of Arc." New York: Charles Scribner's Sons ^ Blois, La Maison de la Magie at virtourist.com ^ "Mussee de la Magie". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.  ^ "Travel signposts, Paris
Paris
Museum of Magic". Archived from the original on 2 March 2011.  ^ "Keck, Gayle, Washington Post, And Now for Paris' Next Trick". The Washington Post. 12 June 2005. Retrieved 23 April 2010.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Blois.

Official website Documentary photography of Blois
Blois
by "Sayf" Jewish Encyclopedia entry INSEE commune file

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Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

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Communes of the Loir-et-Cher
Loir-et-Cher
department

Ambloy Angé Areines Artins Arville Autainville Authon Avaray Averdon Azé Baillou Bauzy Beauce-la-Romaine Beauchêne Billy Binas Blois Boisseau Bonneveau Bouffry Boursay Bracieux Brévainville Briou Busloup Candé-sur-Beuvron Cellé Cellettes Chailles Chambord Champigny-en-Beauce Chaon La Chapelle-Enchérie La Chapelle-Montmartin La Chapelle-Saint-Martin-en-Plaine La Chapelle-Vendômoise La Chapelle-Vicomtesse Châteauvieux Châtillon-sur-Cher Châtres-sur-Cher Chaumont-sur-Loire Chaumont-sur-Tharonne La Chaussée-Saint-Victor Chauvigny-du-Perche Chémery Cheverny Chissay-en-Touraine Chitenay Choue Choussy Conan Concriers Contres Cormenon Cormeray Couddes Couffy Coulommiers-la-Tour Courbouzon Cour-Cheverny Courmemin Cour-sur-Loire Couture-sur-Loir Crouy-sur-Cosson Crucheray Danzé Dhuizon Droué Épiais Épuisay Les Essarts Faverolles-sur-Cher Faye Feings La Ferté-Beauharnais La Ferté-Imbault La Ferté-Saint-Cyr Fontaine-les-Coteaux Fontaine-Raoul Fontaines-en-Sologne La Fontenelle Fortan Fossé Fougères-sur-Bièvre Françay Fresnes Fréteval Le Gault-du-Perche Gièvres Gombergean Gy-en-Sologne Les Hayes Herbault Houssay Huisseau-en-Beauce Huisseau-sur-Cosson Josnes Lamotte-Beuvron Lancé Lancôme Landes-le-Gaulois Langon Lassay-sur-Croisne Lavardin Lestiou Lignières Lisle Loreux Lorges Lunay La Madeleine-Villefrouin Maray Marchenoir Marcilly-en-Beauce Marcilly-en-Gault Mareuil-sur-Cher La Marolle-en-Sologne Marolles Maslives Maves Mazangé Méhers Menars Mennetou-sur-Cher Mer Mesland Meslay Meusnes Millançay Moisy Mondoubleau Monteaux Monthou-sur-Bièvre Monthou-sur-Cher Les Montils Montlivault Montoire-sur-le-Loir Mont-près-Chambord Montrichard-Val-de-Cher Montrieux-en-Sologne Montrouveau Morée Muides-sur-Loire Mulsans Mur-de-Sologne Naveil Neung-sur-Beuvron Neuvy Nouan-le-Fuzelier Nourray Noyers-sur-Cher Oigny Oisly Orçay Ouchamps Oucques la Nouvelle Ouzouer-le-Doyen Périgny Pezou Pierrefitte-sur-Sauldre Le Plessis-Dorin Le Plessis-l'Échelle Le Poislay Pontlevoy Pouillé Pray Prunay-Cassereau Pruniers-en-Sologne Rahart Renay Rhodon Rilly-sur-Loire Rocé Roches Les Roches-l'Évêque Romilly Romorantin-Lanthenay Rougeou Ruan-sur-Egvonne Saint-Agil Saint-Aignan Saint-Amand-Longpré Saint-Arnoult Saint-Avit Saint-Bohaire Saint-Claude-de-Diray Saint-Cyr-du-Gault Saint-Denis-sur-Loire Saint-Dyé-sur-Loire Sainte-Anne Saint-Étienne-des-Guérets Saint-Firmin-des-Prés Saint-Georges-sur-Cher Saint-Gervais-la-Forêt Saint-Gourgon Saint-Hilaire-la-Gravelle Saint-Jacques-des-Guérets Saint-Jean-Froidmentel Saint-Julien-de-Chédon Saint-Julien-sur-Cher Saint-Laurent-des-Bois Saint-Laurent-Nouan Saint-Léonard-en-Beauce Saint-Loup Saint-Lubin-en-Vergonnois Saint-Marc-du-Cor Saint-Martin-des-Bois Saint-Ouen Saint-Rimay Saint-Romain-sur-Cher Saint-Sulpice-de-Pommeray Saint-Viâtre Salbris Sambin Santenay Sargé-sur-Braye Sasnières Sassay Savigny-sur-Braye Seigy Selles-Saint-Denis Selles-sur-Cher Selommes Séris Seur Soings-en-Sologne Souday Souesmes Sougé Souvigny-en-Sologne Suèvres Talcy Le Temple Ternay Theillay Thenay Thésée Thoré-la-Rochette Thoury Tour-en-Sologne Tourailles Tréhet Troo Valaire Valencisse Vallières-les-Grandes Valloire-sur-Cisse Veilleins Vendôme Vernou-en-Sologne Veuzain-sur-Loire Vievy-le-Rayé Villavard La Ville-aux-Clercs Villebarou Villebout Villechauve Villedieu-le-Château Villefranche-sur-Cher Villefrancœur Villeherviers Villemardy Villeneuve-Frouville Villeny Villeporcher Villerable Villerbon Villermain Villeromain Villetrun Villexanton Villiers-sur-Loir Villiersfaux Vineuil Vouzon Yvoy-le-Marron

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124336704 LCCN: n80125707 GND: 4080438-0 BNF:

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