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The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were a pop music group formed in 1958. Their lineup consisted of brothers Barry, Robin, and Maurice Gibb. The trio were successful for most of their decades of recording music, but they had two distinct periods of exceptional success: as a popular music act in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and as prominent performers of the disco music era in the mid-to-late 1970s. The group sang recognisable three-part tight harmonies; Robin's clear vibrato lead vocals were a hallmark of their earlier hits, while Barry's R&B falsetto became their signature sound during the mid-to-late 1970s and 1980s. The Bee Gees wrote all of their own hits, as well as writing and producing several major hits for other artists. Born on the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
to English parents, the Gibb brothers lived in Chorlton, Manchester, England, until the late 1950s. There, in 1955, they formed the Rattlesnakes. The family then moved to Redcliffe, in Queensland, Australia, and then to Cribb Island. After achieving their first chart success in Australia
Australia
as the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
with "Spicks and Specks" (their 12th single), they returned to the UK in January 1967, when producer Robert Stigwood
Robert Stigwood
began promoting them to a worldwide audience. As of July 2013, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
have sold more than 220 million records worldwide, placing them among the world's best-selling music artists of all time.[3][4] They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997;[5] the presenter of the award to "Britain's first family of harmony" was Brian Wilson, historical leader of The Beach Boys, another "family act" featuring three harmonising brothers.[6] The Bee Gees' Hall of Fame citation says, "Only Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Michael Jackson, Garth Brooks
Garth Brooks
and Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
have outsold the Bee Gees."[7] Following Maurice's death in January 2003, at the age of 53, Barry and Robin retired the group's name after 45 years of activity. In 2009, Robin announced that he and Barry had agreed the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
would re-form and perform again.[8] Robin died in May 2012, aged 62, after a prolonged struggle with cancer and other health problems, leaving Barry as the only surviving member of the group's final line-up.[9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1955–1966: Music origins, Bee Gees
Bee Gees
formation and popularity in Australia 1.2 1967–1969: International fame and touring years

1.2.1 Bee Gees' 1st, Horizontal and Idea 1.2.2 Odessa, Cucumber Castle
Cucumber Castle
and breakup

1.3 1970–1974: Reformation 1.4 1975–1979: Turning to disco

1.4.1 Main Course
Main Course
and Children of the World 1.4.2 Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
and Spirits Having Flown

1.5 1980–1986: Outside projects, band turmoil, solo efforts and decline 1.6 1987–1999: Comeback and return to popularity 1.7 2000–2008: This Is Where I Came In and Maurice's death 1.8 2009–2012: Return to performing and Robin's death 1.9 2013–present: Looking back at a lifetime of music

2 Influences 3 Legacy

3.1 Songwriting

4 Accolades and achievements

4.1 Awards and nominations

5 Band members

5.1 Timeline

6 Discography

6.1 Studio albums

7 Song catalogue 8 Filmography 9 See also 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

History[edit] 1955–1966: Music origins, Bee Gees
Bee Gees
formation and popularity in Australia[edit]

Plaque at Maitland Terrace/Strang Road intersection in Union Mills, Isle of Man

In 1955, the brothers Barry, Robin and Maurice Gibb
Maurice Gibb
moved back to their father Hugh Gibb's hometown of Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester, England, and formed a skiffle/rock-and-roll group, the Rattlesnakes, which consisted of Barry on guitar and vocals, Robin and Maurice on vocals, and friends Paul Frost on drums and Kenny Horrocks on tea-chest bass. In December 1957, the boys began to sing in harmony. The story is told that they were going to lip sync to a record in the local Gaumont cinema (as other children had done on previous weeks), but as they were running to the theatre, the fragile shellac 78-RPM record broke. The brothers had to sing live and received such a positive response from the audience that they decided to pursue a singing career.[10] In May 1958, the Rattlesnakes were disbanded when Frost and Horrocks left, so the Gibb brothers then formed Wee Johnny Hayes and the Blue Cats, with Barry as Johnny Hayes.[11] In August 1958, the Gibb family, including older sister Lesley and infant brother Andy, emigrated to Redcliffe, just north-east of Brisbane
Brisbane
in Queensland, Australia. The young brothers began performing to raise pocket money. They were introduced to leading Brisbane
Brisbane
radio DJ Bill Gates by speedway promoter and driver Bill Goode, who had hired the brothers to entertain the crowd at the Redcliffe Speedway in 1960. The crowd at the speedway would throw money onto the track for the boys, who generally performed during the interval of meetings (usually on the back of a truck that drove around the track), and in a deal with Goode, any money they collected from the crowd they were allowed to keep. Gates renamed them the BG's (later changed to "Bee Gees") after his (Goode's) and Barry Gibb's initials—thus the name was not specifically a reference to "Brothers Gibb", despite popular belief.[12] The family moved to a house at Cribb Island which was later demolished to allow the expansion of Brisbane
Brisbane
Airport. While there, the brothers attended Northgate State School. By 1960, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were featured on television shows, including their performance of "Time Is Passing By".[13] In the next few years they began working regularly at resorts on the Queensland
Queensland
coast. For his songwriting, Barry sparked the interest of Australian star Col Joye, who helped them get a recording deal in 1963 with Festival Records subsidiary Leedon Records, under the name "Bee Gees". The three released two or three singles a year, while Barry supplied additional songs to other Australian artists. In 1962, the Bee Gees were chosen as the supporting act for Chubby Checker's concert at Sydney Stadium.[14] From 1963 to 1966, the Gibb family lived at 171 Bunnerong Road, Maroubra in Sydney.[15] Just prior to his death, Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
recorded the song "Sydney", about the brothers' experience of living in that city. It was released on his posthumous album 50 St. Catherine's Drive.[16] The house was demolished in 2016.[17] A minor hit in 1965, "Wine and Women", led to the group's first LP, The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Sing and Play 14 Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
Songs. By 1966 Festival was, however, on the verge of dropping them from the Leedon roster because of their perceived lack of commercial success. It was at this time that they met the American-born songwriter, producer and entrepreneur Nat Kipner, who had just been appointed A&R manager of a new independent label, Spin Records. Kipner briefly took over as the group's manager and successfully negotiated their transfer to Spin in exchange for granting Festival the Australian distribution rights to the group's recordings.[citation needed] Through Kipner the Bee Gees met engineer-producer, Ossie Byrne, who produced (or co-produced with Kipner) many of the earlier Spin recordings, most of which were cut at his own small, self-built St Clair Studio in the Sydney suburb of Hurstville. Byrne gave the Gibb brothers virtually unlimited access to St Clair Studio over a period of several months in mid-1966.[18] The group later acknowledged that this enabled them to greatly improve their skills as recording artists. During this productive time they recorded a large batch of original material—including the song that would become their first major hit, "Spicks and Specks" (on which Byrne played the trumpet coda)—as well as cover versions of current hits by overseas acts such as the Beatles. They regularly collaborated with other local musicians, including members of beat band Steve & The Board, led by Steve Kipner, Nat's teenage son.[19] Frustrated by their lack of success, the Gibbs decided to return to England
England
in late 1966. Ossie Byrne travelled with them, and Colin Petersen, who eventually became the group's drummer, followed soon afterward. While at sea in January 1967, the Gibbs learned that "Spicks and Specks" had been awarded Best Single of the Year by Go-Set, Australia's most popular and influential music newspaper. 1967–1969: International fame and touring years[edit] Bee Gees' 1st, Horizontal and Idea[edit] See also: The Bee Gees' concerts in 1967 and 1968

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
in 1967 (left to right: Barry Gibb, Robin Gibb, Vince Melouney, Maurice Gibb
Maurice Gibb
and Colin Petersen)

Before their departure from Australia
Australia
to England, Hugh Gibb sent demos to Brian Epstein, who managed the Beatles and directed NEMS, a British music store. Epstein passed the demo tapes to Robert Stigwood, who had recently joined NEMS.[20] After an audition with Stigwood in February 1967, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
signed a five-year contract whereby Polydor Records would release their records in the UK, and Atco Records
Atco Records
would do so in the US. Work quickly began on the group's first international album, and Stigwood launched a promotional campaign to coincide with its release.[21] Stigwood proclaimed that the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were "The Most Significant New Talent of 1967", thus initiating the comparison of the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
to the Beatles. Before recording the first album, the group expanded to include Colin Petersen
Colin Petersen
and Vince Melouney.[22] "New York Mining Disaster 1941", their second British single (their first-issued UK 45 rpm was "Spicks and Specks"), was issued to radio stations with a blank white label listing only the song title. Some DJs immediately assumed this was a new single by the Beatles and started playing the song in heavy rotation. This helped the song climb into the top 20 in both the UK and US. No such chicanery was needed to boost the Bee Gees' second single, "To Love Somebody", into the US Top 20. Originally written for Otis Redding, "To Love Somebody", a soulful ballad sung by Barry, has since become a pop standard covered by many artists including the Flying Burrito Brothers, Rod Stewart, Bonnie Tyler, Janis Joplin, the Animals, Gary Puckett and the Union Gap, Nina Simone, Jimmy Somerville, Billy Corgan
Billy Corgan
and Michael Bolton. Another single, "Holiday", released in the US, peaked at No. 16. The parent album, Bee Gees 1st
Bee Gees 1st
(their first internationally), peaked at No. 7 in the US and No. 8 in the UK. Bill Shepherd was credited as the arranger. After recording that album, the group recorded their first BBC
BBC
session at the Playhouse Theatre, Northumberland Avenue, in London, with Bill Bebb as the producer, and they performed three songs. That session is included on BBC
BBC
Sessions: 1967–1973 (2008).[23] Following the release of Bee Gees' 1st, the group was first introduced in New York as "the English surprise".[24] At that time, the band made their first British TV appearance on Top of the Pops. Maurice recalled:

Jimmy Savile
Jimmy Savile
was on it and that was amazing because we'd seen pictures of him in the Beatles fan club book, so we thought we were really there! That show had Lulu, us, the Move, and the Stones doing 'Let's Spend the Night Together'. You have to remember this was really before the superstar was invented so you were all in it together.[25] ”

In late 1967, they began recording for the second album. On 21 December 1967, for a live broadcast from Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, they performed their own song, "Thank You For Christmas" (which was recorded in the Horizontal sessions but was not released until 2008), as well as "Silent Night" and "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing". The folk group the Settlers also performed on that programme and were conducted by the Very Reverend Edward H. Patey, dean of the cathedral.[25] Ten days later, the band finished the year off with their Christmas Eve special, How on Earth? January 1968 began with a promotional trip to the US. Los Angeles Police was on alert in anticipation of a Beatles-type reception, and special security arrangements were being put in place.[22] In February, Horizontal repeated the success of their first album, featuring the group's first UK No. 1 single "Massachusetts" (a No. 11 US hit) and the No. 7 UK single "World".[26] The sound of the album Horizontal had a more "rock" sound than their previous release, although ballads like "And the Sun Will Shine" and "Really and Sincerely" were also prominent. The Horizontal album reached No. 12 in the US and No. 16 in the UK. Promoting the record, the group made their first appearance on US television on The Smothers Brothers Show, on CBS. Tommy Smothers
Tommy Smothers
had first encountered the band on a trip to London, and became their friend as well as a fan. That evening, Smothers wore a shirt which Maurice had bought for him at the Beatles' Apple Boutique. With the release of Horizontal, they also embarked on a Scandinavian tour with concerts in Copenhagen. Around the same time, the Bee Gees turned down an offer to write and perform the soundtrack for the film Wonderwall, according to director Joe Massot.[25] On 27 February 1968, the band, backed by the 17-piece Massachusetts String Orchestra, began their first tour of Germany with two concerts at Hamburg Musikhalle. In March 1968, the band was supported by Procol Harum (who had a well-known hit "A Whiter Shade of Pale") on their German tour.[27] As Robin's partner Molly Hullis recalls: "Germans were wilder than the fans in England
England
at the heights of Beatlemania." The tour schedule took them to 11 venues in as many days with 18 concerts played, finishing with a brace of shows at the Stadthalle, Braunschweig. After that, the group was off to Switzerland. As Maurice described it:

“ There were over 5,000 kids at the airport in Zurich. The entire ride to Bern, the kids were waving Union Jacks. When we got to the hotel, the police weren't there to meet us and the kids crushed the car. We were inside and the windows were all getting smashed in, and we were on the floor.[25] ”

On 17 March, the band performed "Words" on The Ed Sullivan Show. The other artists who performed on that night's show were Lucille Ball, George Hamilton and Fran Jeffries.[28] On 27 March 1968, the band performed at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London.[25]

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
performing on Dutch television Twien in 1968

Two more singles followed in early 1968: the ballad "Words" (No. 8 UK, No. 15 US) and the double A-sided single "Jumbo" b/w "The Singer Sang His Song". "Jumbo", the Bee Gees' least successful single to date, only reached No. 25 in the UK and No. 57 in the US. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
felt "The Singer Sang His Song" was the stronger of the two sides, an opinion shared by listeners in the Netherlands
Netherlands
who made it a No. 3 hit. Further Bee Gees
Bee Gees
chart singles followed: "I've Gotta Get a Message to You", their second UK No. 1 (No. 8 US), and "I Started a Joke" (No. 6 US), both culled from the band's third album Idea.[26] Idea reached No. 4 in the UK and was another top 20 album in the US (No. 17).[26] Following the tour and TV special to promote the album, Vince Melouney left the group, desiring to play more of a blues style music than the Gibbs were writing. Melouney did achieve one feat while with the Bee Gees: his composition "Such a Shame" (from Idea) is the only song on any Bee Gees
Bee Gees
album not written by a Gibb brother. The group also filmed a BBC
BBC
television special with Frankie Howerd, called Frankie Howerd
Frankie Howerd
Meets the Bee Gees, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson. This gave the group the opportunity to display their comedy skills in sketches with Howerd. The band were due to begin a seven-week tour of the US on 2 August 1968, but on 27 July, Robin collapsed and fell unconscious. He was admitted to a London nursing home suffering from nervous exhaustion, and the American tour was postponed.[25] The band began recording their sixth album, which resulted in their spending a week recording at Atlantic Studios
Atlantic Studios
in New York. Robin, still feeling poorly, missed the New York sessions, but the rest of the band put away instrumental tracks and demos.[29] Odessa, Cucumber Castle
Cucumber Castle
and breakup[edit]

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
performing at The Tom Jones Show in early 1969, one of the last performances with Robin as he left the group later in March

By 1969, the cracks started to show within the group, as Robin began to feel that Stigwood had been favouring Barry as the frontman. The Bee Gees' performances in early 1969 on the Top of the Pops
Top of the Pops
and The Tom Jones Show performing "I Started a Joke" and "First of May" as a medley was one of the last live performances of the group with Robin.[30] Their next album, which was to have been a concept album called Masterpeace, evolved into the double-album Odessa. Most rock critics felt this was the best Bee Gees
Bee Gees
album of the 1960s with its progressive rock feel on the title track, the country-flavoured "Marley Purt Drive" and "Give Your Best", and ballads such as "Melody Fair" and "First of May" (the last of which became the only single from the album and was a minor hit). Feeling the flipside, "Lamplight", should have been the A-side, Robin quit the group in mid-1969 and launched a solo career. The first of many Bee Gees
Bee Gees
compilations, Best of Bee Gees, was released featuring the non-LP single "Words" plus the Australian hit "Spicks and Specks". The single "Tomorrow Tomorrow" was also released and was a moderate hit in the UK, where it reached No. 23, but it was only No. 54 in the US. The compilation reached the top 10 in both the UK and the US.[26] While Robin pursued his solo career, Barry, Maurice and Petersen continued on as the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
recording their next album, Cucumber Castle. The band made their debut performance without Robin at Talk
Talk
of the Town. They had recruited their sister, Lesley, into the group at this time. To accompany the album, they also filmed a TV special which aired on the BBC
BBC
in 1971. Petersen played drums on the tracks recorded for the album but was fired from the group after filming began (he went on to form the Humpy Bong with Jonathan Kelly). His parts were edited out of the final cut of the film and Pentangle drummer Terry Cox was recruited to complete the recording of songs for the album. After the album was released in early 1970, it seemed that the Bee Gees were finished. The leadoff single, "Don't Forget to Remember", was a big hit in the UK, reaching No. 2, but a disappointment in the US, only reaching No. 73. The next two singles, "I.O.I.O." and "If I Only Had My Mind on Something Else" barely scraped the charts. On 1 December 1969, Barry and Maurice parted ways professionally.[31] Maurice started to record his first solo album, The Loner, which was not released. Meanwhile, he released the single "Railroad" and starred in the West End musical, Sing a Rude Song.[32] In February 1970, Barry recorded a solo album which never saw official release either, although "I'll Kiss Your Memory" was released as a single backed by "This Time" without much interest.[33] Meanwhile, Robin saw success in Europe with his No. 2 hit "Saved by the Bell" and the album Robin's Reign. 1970–1974: Reformation[edit]

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
performing at The Midnight Special
Special
in 1973

In the summer of 1970, according to Barry, "Robin rang me in Spain where I was on holiday [saying] 'let's do it again'". By 21 August 1970, after they had reunited, Barry announced that the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
"are there and they will never, ever part again". Maurice said, "We just discussed it and re-formed. We want to apologise publicly to Robin for the things that have been said."[11] Earlier in June 1970, Robin and Maurice recorded a dozen songs before Barry joined and included two songs that were on their reunion album.[34] Around the same time, Barry and Robin were about to publish the book, On the Other Hand.[11] They also recruited Geoff Bridgford as the group's official drummer; Bridgford had previously worked with the Groove and Tin Tin, and played drums on Maurice's unreleased first solo album.[35] In 1970, 2 Years On
2 Years On
was released in October in the US and November in the UK. The lead single "Lonely Days" reached No. 3 in the United States, promoted by appearances on The Johnny Cash Show, Johnny Carson's Tonight Show, The Andy Williams Show, The Dick Cavett Show and The Ed Sullivan Show.[11] Their ninth album, Trafalgar, was released in late 1971. The single "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" was the first to hit No. 1 on the US charts, while "Israel" reached No. 22 in the Netherlands. "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" also brought the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
their first Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. Later that year, the group's songs were included in the soundtrack for the film Melody. In 1972, they hit No. 16 in the US with the non-album single "My World", backed by Maurice's composition "On Time". Another 1972 single, "Run to Me" from the LP To Whom It May Concern, returned them to the UK top 10 for the first time in three years.[26] On 24 November 1972, the band headlined the " Woodstock
Woodstock
of the West" Festival at the Los Angeles Coliseum
Los Angeles Coliseum
(which was a West Coast answer to Woodstock
Woodstock
in New York), which also featured Sly and the Family Stone, Stevie Wonder and the Eagles.[36][37] Also in 1972, the group sang "Hey Jude" with Wilson Pickett.[38] By 1973, however, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were in a rut. The album, Life in a Tin Can, released on Robert Stigwood's newly formed RSO Records, and its lead-off single, "Saw a New Morning", sold poorly with the single peaking at No. 94. This was followed by an unreleased album (known as A Kick in the Head Is Worth Eight in the Pants). A second compilation album, Best of Bee Gees, Volume 2, was released in 1973, although it did not repeat the success of Volume 1. On the 6 April 1973 episode of The Midnight Special
Special
they performed "Money (That's What I Want)" with Jerry Lee Lewis.[39] Also in 1973, they were invited by Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
to perform two songs with him onstage at The Midnight Special: "Johnny B. Goode"[40] and "Reelin' and Rockin'".[41] After a tour of the United States in early 1974 and a Canadian tour later in the year,[42] the group ended up playing small clubs.[43] As Barry joked, "We ended up in, have you ever heard of Batley's the variety club in (West Yorkshire) England?".[44] On the advice of Ahmet Ertegün, head of their US label Atlantic Records, Stigwood arranged for the group to record with soul music producer Arif Mardin. The resulting LP, Mr. Natural, included fewer ballads and foreshadowed the R&B direction of the rest of their career. When it, too, failed to attract much interest, Mardin encouraged them to work within the soul music style. The brothers attempted to assemble a live stage band that could replicate their studio sound. Lead guitarist Alan Kendall
Alan Kendall
had come on board in 1971 but did not have much to do until Mr. Natural. For that album, they added drummer Dennis Bryon, and they later added ex- Strawbs
Strawbs
keyboard player Blue Weaver, completing the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
band that lasted through the late '70s. Maurice, who had previously performed on piano, guitar, harpsichord, electric piano, organ, mellotron and bass guitar, as well as mandolin and Moog synthesiser, now confined himself to bass onstage. 1975–1979: Turning to disco[edit] Main Course
Main Course
and Children of the World[edit]

Bee Gees' wordmark logo (1975–81)

At Eric Clapton's suggestion, the brothers moved to Miami, Florida, early in 1975 to record. After starting off with ballads, they eventually heeded the urging of Mardin and Stigwood, and crafted more dance-oriented disco songs, including their second US No. 1, "Jive Talkin'", along with US No. 7 "Nights on Broadway". The band liked the resulting new sound. This time the public agreed by sending the LP Main Course
Main Course
up the charts. This album included the first Bee Gees songs wherein Barry used falsetto,[45] something that would later become a trademark of the band. This was also the first Bee Gees
Bee Gees
album to have two US top-10 singles since 1968's Idea. Main Course
Main Course
also became their first charting R&B album. On the Bee Gees' appearance on The Midnight Special
Special
in 1975, to promote Main Course, they sang "To Love Somebody" with Helen Reddy.[46] Around the same time, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
recorded three Beatles covers—"Golden Slumbers/Carry That Weight", "She Came in Through the Bathroom Window" with Barry providing lead vocals, and "Sun King" with Maurice providing lead vocals, for the unsuccessful musical/documentary All This and World War II.[47] The next album, Children of the World
Children of the World
released in September 1976, was drenched in Barry's new-found falsetto and Weaver's synthesizer disco licks. Mardin was unavailable to produce, so the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
enlisted Albhy Galuten
Albhy Galuten
and Karl Richardson, who had worked with Mardin during the Main Course
Main Course
sessions. This production team would carry the Bee Gees through the rest of the 1970s. The first single from the album was "You Should Be Dancing" (which features percussion work by musician Stephen Stills[48]). The song pushed the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
to a level of stardom they had not previously achieved in the US, though their new R&B/disco sound was not as popular with some die hard fans. The pop ballad "Love So Right" reached No. 3 in the US, and "Boogie Child" reached US No. 12 in January 1977.[49] The album peaked at No. 8 in the US.[50] A compilation Bee Gees Gold
Bee Gees Gold
was released in November, containing the group's hits from 1967 to 1972. Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
and Spirits Having Flown[edit] Following a successful live album, Here at Last... Bee Gees... Live, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
agreed with Stigwood to participate in the creation of the Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
soundtrack. It would be the turning point of their career. The cultural impact of both the film and the soundtrack was seismic throughout the world, prolonging the disco scene's mainstream appeal. The band's involvement in the film did not begin until post-production. As John Travolta
John Travolta
asserted, "The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
weren't even involved in the movie in the beginning ... I was dancing to Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
and Boz Scaggs."[51] Producer Robert Stigwood commissioned the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
to create the songs for the film.[52] The brothers wrote the songs "virtually in a single weekend" at Château d'Hérouville studio in France.[51] Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
remembered the reaction when Stigwood and music supervisor Bill Oakes arrived and listened to the demos:

They flipped out and said these will be great. We still had no concept of the movie, except some kind of rough script that they'd brought with them ... You've got to remember, we were fairly dead in the water at that point, 1975, somewhere in that zone — the Bee Gees' sound was basically tired. We needed something new. We hadn't had a hit record in about three years. So we felt, Oh Jeez, that's it. That's our life span, like most groups in the late '60s. So, we had to find something. We didn't know what was going to happen.[51]

Bill Oakes, who supervised the soundtrack, asserts that Saturday Night Fever did not begin the disco craze; rather, it prolonged it: "Disco had run its course. These days, Fever is credited with kicking off the whole disco thing—it really didn't. Truth is, it breathed new life into a genre that was actually dying."[51] Three Bee Gees
Bee Gees
singles—"How Deep Is Your Love" (US No. 1, UK No. 3), "Stayin' Alive" (US No. 1, UK No. 4) and "Night Fever" (US No. 1, UK No. 1)—charted high in many countries around the world, launching the most popular period of the disco era.[26] They also penned the song "If I Can't Have You", which became a US No. 1 hit for Yvonne Elliman, while the Bee Gees' own version was the B-side of "Stayin' Alive". Such was the popularity of Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
that two different versions of the song "More Than a Woman" received airplay, one by the Bee Gees, which was relegated to album track, and another by Tavares, which was the hit. The Gibb sound was inescapable. During a nine-month period beginning in the Christmas season of 1977, seven songs written by the brothers held the No. 1 position on the US charts for 27 of 37 consecutive weeks: three of their own releases, two for brother Andy Gibb, the Yvonne Elliman
Yvonne Elliman
single, and "Grease", performed by Frankie Valli. Fuelled by the film's success, the soundtrack broke multiple industry records, becoming the highest-selling album in recording history to that point. With more than 40 million copies sold, Saturday Night Fever is among music's top five best selling soundtrack albums. As of 2010, it is calculated as the fourth highest-selling album worldwide.[53] In March 1978, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
held the top two positions on the US charts with "Night Fever" and "Stayin' Alive", the first time this had happened since the Beatles. On the US Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart for 25 March 1978, five songs written by the Gibbs were in the US top 10 at the same time: "Night Fever", "Stayin' Alive", "If I Can't Have You", "Emotion" and "Love Is Thicker Than Water". Such chart dominance had not been seen since April 1964, when the Beatles had all five of the top five American singles. Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
became the only songwriter to have four consecutive number-one hits in the US, breaking the John Lennon and Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
1964 record. These songs were "Stayin' Alive", "Love Is Thicker Than Water", "Night Fever" and "If I Can't Have You". The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
won five Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
for Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
over two years: Album of the Year, Producer of the Year (with Albhy Galuten
Albhy Galuten
and Karl Richardson), two awards for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals (one in 1978 for "How Deep Is Your Love" and one in 1979 for "Stayin' Alive"), and Best Vocal Arrangement for Two or More Voices for "Stayin' Alive". During this era, Barry and Robin also wrote "Emotion" for an old friend, Australian vocalist Samantha Sang, who made it a top 10 hit, with the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
singing backing vocals. Barry also wrote the title song to the film version of the Broadway musical Grease for Frankie Valli to perform, which went to No. 1. The Bee Gees' younger brother Andy now followed his older siblings into a music career and enjoyed considerable success. Produced by Barry, Andy Gibb's first three singles all topped the US charts. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
also co-starred with Peter Frampton
Peter Frampton
in Robert Stigwood's film Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
(1978), loosely inspired by the classic 1967 album by The Beatles. The movie had been heavily promoted prior to release and was expected to enjoy great commercial success. However, it was savaged by film critics as a disjointed mess and ignored by the public. Though some of its tracks charted, the soundtrack too was a high-profile flop. The single "Oh! Darling", credited to Robin Gibb, reached No. 15 in the US. The Bee Gees' follow-up to Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
was the Spirits Having Flown album. It yielded three more hits: "Too Much Heaven" (US No. 1, UK No. 3), "Tragedy" (US No. 1, UK No. 1), and "Love You Inside Out" (US No. 1).[26] This gave the act six consecutive No. 1 singles in the US within a year and a half, equalling the Beatles and surpassed only by Whitney Houston.[54] In January 1979, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
performed "Too Much Heaven" as their contribution to the Music for UNICEF Concert at the United Nations General Assembly, a benefit organised by the Bee Gees, Robert Stigwood, and David Frost
David Frost
for UNICEF
UNICEF
that was broadcast worldwide. The brothers donated the royalties from the song to the charity. Up to 2007, this song has earned over $11 million for UNICEF. During the summer of 1979, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
embarked on their largest concert tour covering the US and Canada. The Spirits Having Flown
Spirits Having Flown
tour capitalised on Bee Gees
Bee Gees
fever that was sweeping the nation, with sold-out concerts in 38 cities. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
produced a video for the title track "Too Much Heaven", directed by Miami-based filmmaker Martin Pitts and produced by Charles Allen. With this video, Pitts and Allen began a long association with the brothers. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
even had a country hit in 1979 with "Rest Your Love on Me", the flip side of their pop hit "Too Much Heaven", which made the top 40 on the country charts. It was also a 1981 hit for Conway Twitty, topping the country music charts.[55] The Bee Gees' overwhelming success rose and fell with the disco bubble. By the end of 1979, disco was rapidly declining in popularity, and the backlash against disco put the Bee Gees' American career in a tailspin. Radio stations around the US began promoting "Bee Gee-Free Weekends". Following their remarkable run from 1975 to 1979, the act would have only one more top 10 single in the US, and that would not come until 1989. Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
considered the success of the Saturday Night Fever soundtrack both a blessing and a curse:

Fever was No. 1 every week ... It wasn't just like a hit album. It was No. 1 every single week for 25 weeks. It was just an amazing, crazy, extraordinary time. I remember not being able to answer the phone, and I remember people climbing over my walls. I was quite grateful when it stopped. It was too unreal. In the long run, your life is better if it's not like that on a constant basis. Nice though it was.[51]

1980–1986: Outside projects, band turmoil, solo efforts and decline[edit] Robin co-produced Jimmy Ruffin's Sunrise released in May 1980, but the songs were started in 1979; the album contains songs written by the Gibb brothers.[56] In March 1980, Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
worked with Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
on her album Guilty. He co-produced, and wrote or co-wrote all nine of the album's tracks (four of them written with Robin, and the title track with both Robin and Maurice). Barry also appeared on the album's cover with Streisand and duetted with her on two tracks. The album reached No. 1 in both the US and the UK, as did the single "Woman in Love" (written by Barry and Robin), becoming Streisand's most successful single and album to date. Both of the Streisand/Gibb duets, "Guilty" and "What Kind of Fool", also reached the US Top 10. In October, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
regrouped to record songs that would go on to their upcoming album, but it was not continued, and Weaver, Kendall (who returned in 1987), and Bryon left the group. The brothers later recruited some studio musicians. In 1981, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
released the album Living Eyes, their last full-length album release on RSO. This album was the first CD ever played in public, when it was played to viewers of the BBC
BBC
show Tomorrow's World.[57] With the disco backlash still running strong, the album failed to make the UK or US Top 40—breaking their streak of Top 40 hits, which started in 1975 with "Jive Talkin'". Two singles from the album fared little better—"He's a Liar", which reached No. 30 in the US, and "Living Eyes", which reached No. 45. In 1982, Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
enjoyed a UK No. 2 and US Adult Contemporary No. 1 hit with her comeback single, "Heartbreaker", taken from her eponymous album written largely by the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
and co-produced by Barry Gibb. The album reached No. 3 in the UK and the Top 30 in the US, where it was certified Gold. A year later, Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton
and Kenny Rogers
Kenny Rogers
recorded the Bee Gees-penned track "Islands in the Stream", which became a US No. 1 hit and entered the Top 10 in the UK. Rogers' 1983 album, Eyes That See in the Dark, was written entirely by the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
and co-produced by Barry. The album was a Top 10 hit in the US and was certified Double Platinum. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
had greater success with the soundtrack to Staying Alive in 1983, the sequel to Saturday Night Fever. The soundtrack was certified platinum in the US, and included their Top 30 hit "The Woman in You". Also in 1983, the band was sued by Chicago songwriter Ronald Selle, who claimed the brothers stole melodic material from one of his songs, "Let It End", and used it in "How Deep Is Your Love". At first, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
lost the case; one juror said that a factor in the jury's decision was the Gibbs' failure to introduce expert testimony rebutting the plaintiff's expert testimony that it was "impossible" for the two songs to have been written independently. However, the verdict was overturned a few months later.[58] In August 1983, Barry signed a solo deal with MCA Records and spent much of late 1983 and 1984 writing songs for this first solo effort, Now Voyager.[59] Robin released three solo albums in the '80s, How Old Are You?, Secret Agent and Walls Have Eyes. And Maurice released his second single to date, "Hold Her in Your Hand", for the first time since 1970. In 1985, Diana Ross
Diana Ross
released the album Eaten Alive, written by the Bee Gees, with the title track co-written with Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(who also performed on the track). The album was again co-produced by Barry Gibb, and the single "Chain Reaction" gave Ross a UK and Australian No. 1 hit. 1987–1999: Comeback and return to popularity[edit] The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
released the album E.S.P. in 1987, which sold over 3 million copies. It was their first album in six years, and their first for Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Records. The single "You Win Again" went to No. 1 in numerous countries, including the UK,[60] and made the Bee Gees the first group to score a UK No. 1 hit in each of three decades: the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s.[61] The single was a disappointment in the US, charting at No. 75, and the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
voiced their frustration over American radio stations not playing their new European hit single, an omission which the group felt led to poor sales of their current album in the US. The song won the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
the 1987 British Academy's Ivor Novello Award for Best Song Musically and Lyrically, and in February 1988 the band received a Brit Award
Brit Award
nomination for Best British Group.[62][63] On 10 March 1988, younger brother Andy died, aged 30, as a result of myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart muscle due to a recent viral infection. His brothers acknowledge that Andy's past drug and alcohol use probably made his heart more susceptible to this illness. Just before Andy's death, the brothers had decided that Andy would join them, which would have made them a four-member group. Instead, the Bee Gees got together with Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
to create a group called 'the Bunburys' to raise money for English charities. The group recorded three songs for The Bunbury Tails: “We’re the Bunburys”, “Bunbury Afternoon”, and “Fight (No Matter How Long)”. The last song reached No. 8 on the rock music chart and appeared on The 1988 Summer Olympics Album.[64] The Bee Gees' following album, One (1989), featured a song dedicated to Andy, "Wish You Were Here". The album also contained their first US Top 10 hit (No. 7) in a decade, "One" (an Adult Contemporary No. 1). After the album's release, the band embarked on its first world tour in 10 years. In 1990, Polydor Records
Polydor Records
issued the box set Tales from the Brothers Gibb: A History in Song, which contains all singles released (except 1981's "Living Eyes"), rare B-sides, unreleased tracks, solo material and live performances. Many songs received new stereo mixes by Bill Inglot, and some songs made their CD debut. At the time of its release, Tales was one of the first box sets issued in the music business, and it was considered an honour for a group to have one. In the UK, Polydor issued a single-disc hits collection from Tales called The Very Best of the Bee Gees, which contained their biggest UK hits. The album became one of their best-selling albums in that country, and was eventually certified Triple Platinum.

Bee Gees
Bee Gees
in Los Angeles in 1992

Following their next album, High Civilization (1991), which contained the UK top five hit "Secret Love", the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
went on a European tour. After the tour, Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
began to battle a serious back problem, which required surgery. In addition, he suffered from arthritis, which at one point was so severe that it was doubtful that he would be able to play guitar for much longer. Also in the early 1990s, Maurice Gibb
Maurice Gibb
finally sought treatment for his alcoholism, which he had battled for many years with the help of Alcoholics Anonymous. In 1993, the group returned to the Polydor label and released the album Size Isn't Everything, which contained the UK top five hit "For Whom the Bell Tolls". Success still eluded them in the US, however, as the first single released, "Paying the Price of Love", only managed to reach No. 74 on the Billboard Hot 100, while the parent album stalled at No. 153. In 1997, they released the album Still Waters, which sold over four million copies and reached No. 2 in the UK (their highest album chart position there since 1979) and No. 11 in the US. The album's first single, "Alone", gave them another UK Top 5 hit and a top 30 hit in the US. Still Waters would be the band's most successful US release of their post-RSO era. At the 1997 BRIT Awards held in Earls Court, London on 24 February, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
received the award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.[65] On 14 November 1997, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
performed a live concert in Las Vegas called One Night Only. The show included a performance of "Our Love (Don't Throw It All Away)" synchronised with a vocal by their deceased brother Andy and a cameo appearance by Celine Dion singing "Immortality". The CD of the performance sold over 5 million copies. The "One Night Only" name grew out of the band's declaration that, due to Barry's health issues, the Las Vegas show was to be the final live performance of their career. After the immensely positive audience response to the Vegas concert, Barry decided to continue despite the pain, and the concert expanded into their last full-blown world tour of "One Night Only" concerts.[25][page needed] The tour included playing to 56,000 people at London's Wembley Stadium on 5 September 1998 and concluded in the newly built Olympic Stadium in Sydney, Australia
Australia
on 27 March 1999 to 72,000 people.[25][page needed] In 1998, the group's soundtrack for Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
was incorporated into a stage production produced first in the West End and then on Broadway. They wrote three new songs for the adaptation. Also in 1998 the brothers recorded Ellan Vannin for Manx charities. Known as the unofficial national anthem of the Isle of Man, the brothers performed the song during their world tour to reflect their pride in the place of their birth.[66] The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
closed the decade with what turned out to be their last full-sized concert, known as BG2K, on 31 December 1999. 2000–2008: This Is Where I Came In and Maurice's death[edit] In 2001, the group released what turned out to be their final album of new material as a group, This Is Where I Came In. The album was another success, reaching the Top 10 in the UK (being certified Gold), and the Top 20 in the US. The title track was also a UK Top 20 hit single. The album gave each member of the group a chance to write in his own way, as well as composing songs together. For example, Maurice's compositions and leads are "Man in the Middle" and "Walking on Air", while Robin contributed "Déjà Vu", "Promise the Earth", and "Embrace", and Barry contributed "Loose Talk
Talk
Costs Lives", "Technicolour Dreams" and "Voice in the Wilderness". The other songs are collaborative in writing and vocals. They performed many tracks from This Is Where I Came In, plus many of their biggest hits, on the live televised concert series Live by Request, shown on the A&E Network. The last concert of the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
as a trio was at the Love and Hope Ball in 2002. Maurice, who had been the musical director of the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
during their final years as a group, died unexpectedly on 12 January 2003, at age 53, from a heart attack, while awaiting emergency surgery to repair a strangulated intestine.[67] Initially, his surviving brothers announced that they intended to carry on the name "Bee Gees" in his memory, but as time passed they decided to retire the group's name, leaving it to represent the three brothers together.[68] The same week that Maurice died, Robin's solo album Magnet was released. On 23 February 2003, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
received the Grammy Legend Award, they also became the first recipients of that award in the 21st century. Barry and Robin accepted as well as Maurice's son, Adam, in a tearful ceremony.[69] Although there was talk of a memorial concert featuring both surviving brothers and invited guests,[70] nothing materialised. Barry and Robin continued to work independently, and both released recordings with other artists, occasionally coming together to perform at special events. In late 2004, Robin embarked on a solo tour of Germany, Russia and Asia. During January 2005, Barry, Robin and several legendary rock artists recorded "Grief Never Grows Old", the official tsunami relief record for the Disasters Emergency Committee. Later that year, Barry reunited with Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
for her top-selling album Guilty Pleasures, released as Guilty Too
Guilty Too
in the UK as a sequel album to the previous Guilty. Robin continued touring in Europe. Also in 2004, Barry recorded his song "I Cannot Give You My Love" with Cliff Richard, which became a UK top 20 hit single.[71] In February 2006, Barry and Robin reunited on stage for a Miami charity concert to benefit the Diabetes Research Institute. It was their first public performance together since Maurice's death. The pair also played at the 30th annual Prince's Trust
Prince's Trust
Concert in the UK on 20 May 2006.[72] In October 2008, Robin performed a couple of songs in London as part of the BBC
BBC
Electric Proms Saturday Night Fever performance. This involved various other performers and the BBC Concert Orchestra, and was screened on the BBC
BBC
and BBC
BBC
interactive services. 2009–2012: Return to performing and Robin's death[edit] In an interview with Easy Mix
Easy Mix
radio host Tim Roxborough on 1 September 2009, Barry's 63rd birthday, Barry commented on future tours saying that "they will be back"; but in an agreement with Warner/Rhino they would not make an announcement at that time.[73][74] On 7 September 2009, Robin disclosed to Jonathan Agnew
Jonathan Agnew
that he had been in touch with Barry and that they had agreed that the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
would re-form and "perform again".[75] Barry and Robin performed on the BBC's Strictly Come Dancing
Strictly Come Dancing
on 31 October 2009[76] and appeared on ABC-TV's Dancing with the Stars on 17 November 2009.[77] On 15 March 2010, Barry and Robin inducted the Swedish group ABBA
ABBA
into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[78] On 26 May 2010, the two made a surprise appearance on the ninth-season finale of American Idol. On 20 November 2011 it was announced that Robin Gibb, at 61 years old, had been diagnosed with liver cancer, a condition he had become aware of several months earlier. He had become noticeably thinner in previous months and had to cancel several appearances due to issues with severe abdominal pain.[79] On 13 February 2012, Robin joined British military trio the Soldiers for the Coming Home charity concert at the London Palladium, in support of injured servicemen. It was his first public appearance for almost five months and his final.[80] On 14 April 2012, it was reported that Robin had contracted pneumonia[81] in a Chelsea hospital and was in a coma.[82] Although he came out of his coma on 20 April 2012, his condition deteriorated rapidly,[83] and he died on 20 May 2012 of liver and kidney failure.[84] With Robin's death, Barry became the last surviving Gibb brother, and the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
dissolved as a musical group. 2013–present: Looking back at a lifetime of music[edit] In September and October 2013, Barry performed his first solo tour "in honour of his brothers and a lifetime of music". In addition to the Rhino collection, The Studio Albums: 1967–1968, Warner Bros. released a box set in 2014 called The Warner Bros Years: 1987–1991 that included the studio albums E.S.P., One and High Civilization as well as extended mixes and B-sides. It also included the band's entire 1989 concert in Melbourne, Australia, available only on video as All for One prior to this release.[85] The documentary The Joy of the Bee Gees is aired on BBC
BBC
Four on 19 December 2014.[86][87] In 2015, 13STAR Records released a box set 1974–1979 by 23 March, which included the studio albums Mr. Natural, Main Course, Children of the World and Spirits Having Flown. A fifth disc called The Miami Years includes all the tracks from Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
as well as B-sides. No unreleased tracks from the era were included.[88] After a hiatus from performing, Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
returned to solo and guest singing performances. He occasionally appears with his son, Steve Gibb, who declined to use the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
brand mainly because of his much different style.[89] In 2016, he released In the Now, his first solo effort since 1984's Now Voyager. It was the first release of new Bee Gees-related music since the posthumous release of Robin Gibb's 50 St. Catherine's Drive. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
have signed a new distribution deal with Capitol Records, bringing them back to Universal.[90] Influences[edit] The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were influenced by the Beatles, the Everly Brothers, the Mills Brothers, Elvis Presley, the Rolling Stones,[91][92] Roy Orbison[93] the Beach Boys[94] and Stevie Wonder.[95] On the 2014 documentary The Joy of the Bee Gees, Barry claimed that the Bee Gees were also influenced by the Hollies and Otis Redding.[96][97] Legacy[edit] Brian May
Brian May
of Queen said: "Of course I was, and am a huge fan of the Bee Gees' creations in music. Undoubtedly at the pinnacle of song-writing considered over the last—30 years, is it?! My fondest recollections are not of the SNF days, which were really a re-birth in the Bee Gees' popularity, but the early ground-breaking songs ... I remember singing these [songs] with my pal Tim Staffell [of Smile] and Freddie [Mercury] in the real old days." May also praised the song "You Win Again" as one of the greatest songs of the '80s.[98] In his 1980 Playboy
Playboy
magazine interview, John Lennon
John Lennon
praised the Bee Gees, "Try to tell the kids in the seventies who were screaming to the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
that their music was just the Beatles redone. There is nothing wrong with the Bee Gees. They do a damn good job. There was nothing else going on then".[99] Michael Jackson, who was also influenced by the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
said, "I cried listening to their music. I knew every note, every instrument". Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
recalled, "It was the 'Mining Disaster' song that Robert Stigwood
Robert Stigwood
played me, I said 'sign them, they're great'".[98] Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr
said, "The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
from our era were quite important, especially the harmonies."[98] In a 2007 interview with Duane Hitchings, who co-wrote Rod Stewart's 1978 disco song "Da Ya Think I'm Sexy?", noted that the song was:[100]

"a spoof on guys from the 'cocaine lounge lizards' of the Saturday Night Fever
Night Fever
days. We Rock and Roll guys thought we were dead meat when that movie and the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
came out. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were brilliant musicians and really nice people. No big egos. Rod, in his brilliance, decided to do a spoof on disco. VERY smart man. There is no such thing as a "dumb" super success in the music business."[100]

Kevin Parker of Tame Impala
Tame Impala
has said that listening to the Bee Gees after taking mushrooms inspired him to change the sound of the music he was making in his album Currents.[101] Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
once said: "When we first came out, Jimi Hendrix
Jimi Hendrix
said we were two-year old Beatles. He was just giving an opinion at the time. People just like to have go at other artists. But we are very good friends with Jimi now". Years later, Gibb recalled: "He was a great mate of mine. He came to my twenty-first birthday. He was an extremely polite bloke. I never knew about the drugs then. I thought he was acting a bit weird and saying kind of remote things, but I was too naive to even consider that it might be drugs, I never caught on with Jimi and the drugs. I saw him drunk a few times because I remember thinking he was always really quiet until he had a few drinks". .[102] The English indie rock band the Cribs was also influenced by the Bee Gees. Cribs member Ryan Jarman
Ryan Jarman
said: "It must have had quite a big influence on us – pop melodies is something we always revert to. I always want to get back to pop melodies and I'm sure that's due to that Bee Gees
Bee Gees
phase we went through".[103] Following Robin's death on 20 May 2012, Beyoncé
Beyoncé
remarked: "The Bee Gees were an early inspiration for me, Kelly Rowland
Kelly Rowland
and Michelle. We loved their songwriting and beautiful harmonies. Recording their classic song, 'Emotion' was a special time for Destiny's Child. Sadly we lost Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
this week. My heart goes out to his brother Barry and the rest of his family.[104] Singer Jordin Sparks
Jordin Sparks
remarked that her favorite Bee Gees
Bee Gees
songs are "Too Much Heaven", "Emotion" (although performed by Samantha Sang with Barry on the background vocals using his falsetto), and "Stayin' Alive".[105] Carrie Underwood
Carrie Underwood
said, about discovering the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
during her childhood, "My parents listened to the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
quite a bit when I was little, so I was definitely exposed to them at an early age. They just had a sound that was all their own, obviously, [it was] never duplicated".[105] Other artists who were influenced by the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
include: The Pet Shop Boys, George Michael, Billy Joel, Paul Simon
Paul Simon
of Simon & Garfunkel, David Bowie, Brian Wilson
Brian Wilson
of the Beach Boys, Debbie Harry of Blondie, Madonna, Andy Bell of Beady Eye, Noel Gallagher
Noel Gallagher
and Elton John.[106] The electropop/synth-pop band Hyperbubble
Hyperbubble
even released a dedicated EP, Christmas with The Bee Gees. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
have sold in excess of 220 million records worldwide.[3][107] Songwriting[edit]

"Everyone should be aware that the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
are second only to Lennon and McCartney as the most successful songwriting unit in British popular music."

—Music historian Paul Gambaccini.[108]

At one point in 1978, the Gibb brothers were responsible for writing and/or performing nine of the songs in the Billboard Hot 100.[109] In all, the Gibbs placed 13 singles onto the Hot 100 in 1978, with 12 making the Top 40. The Gibb brothers are fellows of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA).[110] At least 2,500 artists have recorded their songs.[111] Singer-songwriter Gavin DeGraw
Gavin DeGraw
spoke to the Bee Gees' influence with their own music as well as their songwriting:

"Let's talk about the Bee Gees. That's an iconic group. Not just a great band, but a great group of songwriters. Even long after the Bee Gees' success on the pop charts, they were still writing songs for other people, huge hit songs. Their talent went far beyond their moment of normal pop success. It is a loss to the music industry and a loss of an iconic group. The beauty of this industry is that we do pay tribute and every artist coming up is a fan of a generation prior to it, so there's a real tradition element to it".[105]

Among the artists who have covered their songs are Michael Bolton, Boyzone, Eric Clapton, Billy Corgan, Destiny's Child, Faith No More, the Flaming Lips, John Frusciante, Al Green, Engelbert Humperdinck, Elton John, Tom Jones, Janis Joplin, Demi Lovato, Lulu, N-Trance, the Pet Shop Boys, Elvis Presley, Nina Simone, Percy Sledge, Robert Smith, Status Quo, Steps and Take That. In 2009, as part of the Q150
Q150
celebrations, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were announced as one of the Q150
Q150
Icons of Queensland
Queensland
for their role as "Influential Artists".[112] Accolades and achievements[edit]

Bee Gees' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

In October 1999 the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
Post Office unveiled a set of 6 stamps honouring their native sons' music. The official launch took place at the London Palladium
London Palladium
where the stage show of Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
was playing. A similar launch was held in New York shortly after to coincide with the show opening across the Atlantic. The songs depicted on the stamps are "Massachusetts", "Words", "I've Gotta Get A Message To You", "Night Fever", "Stayin' Alive" and "Immortality". In 1978, following the success of Saturday Night Fever, and the single "Night Fever" in particular, Reubin Askew, the Governor of the US state of Florida, named the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
honorary citizens of the state, since they resided in Miami
Miami
at the time.[113] In 1979, the Bee Gees got their star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. They were inducted in 1994 on the Songwriters Hall of Fame, as well as Florida's Artists Hall of Fame in 1995, ARIA Hall of Fame in 1997. Also in 1997, the Bee Gees were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2001, they were inducted on the Vocal Group Hall of Fame.[114] After Maurice's death, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
inducted in Dance Music Hall of Fame in 2001, London's Walk of Fame in 2006 and Musically Speaking Hall Of Fame in 2008. And on 15 May 2007, the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
were named BMI Icons at the 55th annual BMI Pop Awards. Collectively, Barry, Maurice and Robin Gibb have earned 109 BMI Pop, Country and Latin Awards.[115] All three brothers (including Maurice, posthumously) were appointed Commanders in the Order of the British Empire
Order of the British Empire
in December 2001 with the ceremony taking place at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
on 27 May 2004.[116][117] On 10 July 2009, the Isle of Man's capital bestowed the Freedom of the Borough of Douglas honour on Barry and Robin, as well as posthumously on Maurice.[118] On 20 November 2009, the Douglas Borough Council released a limited edition commemorative DVD to mark their naming as Freemen of the Borough.[119] On 14 February 2013, Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
unveiled a statue of the Bee Gees, as well as unveiling " Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Way" (a walkway filled with photos of the Bee Gees), in honour of the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
in Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia.[120][121][122][123] Awards and nominations[edit]

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Year Association Category Nominated work Result Ref.

1978 Grammy Awards Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Group "How Deep Is Your Love" Won [124]

1979 Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group Saturday Night Fever Won [125]

Best Arrangement of Voices "Stayin' Alive" Won [125]

Album of the Year Saturday Night Fever Won [126]

Producer of the Year Saturday Night Fever Won

American Music Awards Favorite Pop/Rock Band, Duo or Group Bee Gees Won

Favorite Soul/R&B Album Saturday Night Fever Won

1980 Favorite Pop/Rock Band, Duo or Group Bee Gees Won

Favorite Pop/Rock Album Spirits Having Flown Won

1997 International Artist Award Bee Gees Won

BRIT Awards Outstanding Contribution To Music Bee Gees Won

World Music Awards Legend Award Bee Gees Won [127]

2003 Grammy Awards Special
Special
award of merit Legend Award Bee Gees Won [128]

2004 Hall of Fame Award Saturday Night Fever Won [129]

2015 Lifetime Achievement Award Bee Gees Won [130]

Band members[edit] Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
played rhythm guitar. During the early 1970s, Robin Gibb played piano, organ and guitar occasionally, after which, he only played strings and keyboards privately. Maurice Gibb
Maurice Gibb
played bass guitar, acoustic guitar, lead guitar, harmonica, piano, organ, mellotron, keyboard, synthesizer and drums. From 1966 to 1972 he played multiple instruments on many records. During the late 1970s he played mainly bass guitar. From about 1986 onward he usually played keyboards and guitars. Maurice was credited by the brothers as being the most technologically savvy member of the band.

Principal members

Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
– vocals, rhythm guitar (1958–2003, 2009–2012) Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
– vocals, organ, piano, mellotron, rhythm guitar, melodica, harmonica (1958–1969, 1970–2003, 2009–2012; d. 2012) Maurice Gibb
Maurice Gibb
– vocals, lead guitar, bass, keyboards, rhythm guitar, drums, synthesizer, mellotron, piano, organ, harmonica (1958–2003; d. 2003)

These musicians were considered members of the band:[131][132]

Colin Petersen
Colin Petersen
– drums (1967–1969) Vince Melouney
Vince Melouney
– lead guitar (1967–1968) Geoff Bridgeford – drums (1971–1972; touring 1970–1971)

Touring members

Alan Kendall
Alan Kendall
– lead guitar (1971–1981, 1989–2003) Chris Karan – drums (1972) Geoff Westley – keyboards, piano (1973–1976) Dennis Bryon – drums (1973–1981) Blue Weaver – synthesizers, keyboards (1975–1981) Joe Lala
Joe Lala
– percussion (1976, 1979) Joey Murcia – rhythm guitar (1976, 1979) Harold Cowart – bass (1979) Tim Cansfield – lead guitar (1989) Vic Martin – keyboard, synthesizer (1989) Gary Moberly – keyboard, synthesizer (1989) George Perry – bass (1989–1993) Chester Thompson
Chester Thompson
– drums (1989) Mike Murphy – drums (1989) Trevor Murrell – drums (1991–1992) Scott F. Crago – drums Ben Stivers – keyboard (1996–1999) Matt Bonelli – bass (1993–2001) Steve Rucker – drums (1993–1999)

Guest musicians (studio and touring)

Phil Collins
Phil Collins
– drums Lenny Castro
Lenny Castro
– percussion Don Henley
Don Henley
– drums (1989) Glenn Frey
Glenn Frey
– guitar Timothy B. Schmit
Timothy B. Schmit
– bass guitar Joe Walsh
Joe Walsh
– lead guitar Don Felder
Don Felder
– lead guitar Jeff Porcaro
Jeff Porcaro
– drums Mike Porcaro
Mike Porcaro
– bass guitar Steve Porcaro
Steve Porcaro
– keyboards Steve Lukather
Steve Lukather
– guitar David Hungate
David Hungate
- bass guitar David Paich
David Paich
– keyboards Greg Phillinganes
Greg Phillinganes
– keyboards Bobby Kimball
Bobby Kimball
– keyboards Leland Sklar
Leland Sklar
– bass guitar Reb Beach
Reb Beach
– lead guitar Gregg Bissonette
Gregg Bissonette
– drums Ricky Lawson – drums Scott F. Crago – drums Steve Gadd
Steve Gadd
– drums Steve Ferrone
Steve Ferrone
– drums Steve Jordan – drums Nathan East
Nathan East
– bass guitar Steuart Smith
Steuart Smith
- lead guitar

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit] Main articles: Bee Gees discography
Bee Gees discography
and List of songs recorded by The Bee Gees See also: Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
discography Soundtracks Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
(1977) and Staying Alive (1983) contain music not released on their original albums. All their officially released albums included on this list; A Kick in the Head Is Worth Eight in the Pants have not been included on the list because it only appeared on numerous bootlegs and was not officially released. Studio albums[edit]

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Sing and Play 14 Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
Songs (1965) Spicks and Specks (1966) Bee Gees' 1st
Bee Gees' 1st
(1967) Horizontal (1968) Idea (1968) Odessa (1969) Cucumber Castle
Cucumber Castle
(1970) 2 Years On
2 Years On
(1970) Trafalgar (1971) To Whom It May Concern (1972) Life in a Tin Can (1973) Mr. Natural (1974) Main Course
Main Course
(1975) Children of the World
Children of the World
(1976) Spirits Having Flown
Spirits Having Flown
(1979) Living Eyes (1981) E.S.P. (1987) One (1989) High Civilization (1991) Size Isn't Everything
Size Isn't Everything
(1993) Still Waters (1997) This Is Where I Came In (2001)

Song catalogue[edit]

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The Gibbs gained ownership rights[when?] to their back catalogue, returning distribution rights to Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group
(which had purchased Atco), where they subsequently reissued digitally remastered versions of Saturday Night Fever, their later Bee Gees Greatest
Bee Gees Greatest
album, and a new boxed set: The Studio Albums: 1967–1968 under the Reprise Records/ Rhino Records
Rhino Records
labels. Additionally, more recent titles such as Still Waters and This Is Where I Came In were among the first batch of re-releases. The band's three Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
releases, E. S. P., One and High Civilisation were also made available on iTunes for the first time since the albums went out of print in North America in the mid-90s. According to Robin Gibb's website, three more reissues were planned for the 2008 holiday season: Best of Bee Gees, Best of Bee Gees, Volume 2
Best of Bee Gees, Volume 2
and Love Songs. The double album Odessa was released on 13 January 2009 in a special 3-disc deluxe edition complete with the original red velvet cover with remastered stereo and mono versions of the album as well as alternate versions and unreleased tracks. Since the remastered release of Odessa, Rhino has stopped reissuing original Bee Gees
Bee Gees
albums and there has not been any announcement as to when the remaining albums will be remastered. In December 2016, Capitol Records
Capitol Records
assumed distribution rights for the entire Bee Gees catalog. Ellan Vannin was recorded in 1997 as a 1,000 quantity limited edition single for Isle of Man
Isle of Man
charities. The song was featured in the Bee Gees World Tour and on ITV's "An Evening With ..." but to date has not been released generally. The single was subsequently also available as part of the 1999 Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Stamp issue. In conjunction with the 50th anniversary of the Bee Gees
Bee Gees
(when they started calling themselves "Bee Gees" in 1959), Rhino Records
Rhino Records
have released two new collections. Mythology is a four-disc collection highlighting each brother, including Andy, with tracks personally selected by Barry, Robin, Maurice's wife Yvonne (with his children Adam and Samantha), and Andy's daughter Peta. Maurice's disc contains two unreleased tracks called "Angel of Mercy" and "The Bridge". Andy's disc contains the unreleased track "Arrow Through The Heart". Mythology also features a scrapbook of family photos, many never-before published, along with tributes from artists such as George Martin, Brian Wilson, Elton John, Graham Nash
Graham Nash
and the band's longtime manager Robert Stigwood. The second collection, The Ultimate Bee Gees, is a more modest two-disc 40-track collection highlighting their biggest hits and includes a bonus DVD of unreleased videos, previously unreleased television appearances, live performances and promo videos. Each disc is themed, with the first disc being the more upbeat songs called "A Night Out" and the second disc being more ballad-focused called "A Night In".[133] Filmography[edit]

Film

Year Title Director

1969 Cucumber Castle Hugh Gladwish

1978 Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band Michael Schultz

1997 Keppel Road Tony Cash

2010 In Our Own Time Martyn Atkins

Television shows

Year Title Director

1968 Idea Jean-Christophe Averty

1979 The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Special Louis J. Horvitz

1994 Space Ghost Coast to Coast C. Martin Croker, Jeff Doud

2001 This Is Where I Came In David Leaf, John Scheinfield

2002 Live By Request Lawrence Jordan

Videography

Year Title Director

1990 One for All Tour Adrian Woods, Peter Demetris

1997 One Night Only Bee Gees

See also[edit]

List of Bee Gees
Bee Gees
world tours

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

Bilyeu, Melinda; Cook, Hector; Hughes, Andrew Môn (2009) [2003]. The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
– Tales of The Brothers Gibb. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-004-5. Retrieved 14 May 2013. .

External links[edit]

Book: Bee Gees

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bee Gees.

Bee Gees
Bee Gees
– official website Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
– official website Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
– official website Bee Gees
Bee Gees
at Rolling Stone Bee Gees
Bee Gees
at AllMusic Bee Gees' Vocal Group Hall of Fame webpage Bee Gees
Bee Gees
at bmi.com Robin Gibb
Robin Gibb
sadly passes away after losing his battle with cancer Who Do You Think You Are? – Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Family History Bee Gees
Bee Gees
interviewed on the Pop Chronicles
Pop Chronicles
(1970)

Bee Gees

v t e

Bee Gees

Barry Gibb Robin Gibb Maurice Gibb

Colin Petersen Vince Melouney Alan Kendall Dennis Bryon Blue Weaver

Studio albums

The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Sing and Play 14 Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
Songs Spicks and Specks Bee Gees' 1st Horizontal Idea Odessa Cucumber Castle 2 Years On Trafalgar To Whom It May Concern Life in a Tin Can Mr. Natural Main Course Children of the World Spirits Having Flown Living Eyes E.S.P. One High Civilization Size Isn't Everything Still Waters This Is Where I Came In

Extended plays

The Bee Gees New York Mining Disaster 1941

Soundtracks

Melody Saturday Night Fever

Live albums

Here at Last... Bee Gees... Live One Night Only

Compilation albums

Turn Around, Look at Us Rare, Precious and Beautiful Rare, Precious and Beautiful, Volume 2 Best of Bee Gees Inception/Nostalgia Best of Bee Gees, Volume 2 Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Gold Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Greatest Tales from the Brothers Gibb The Very Best of the Bee Gees Their Greatest Hits: The Record Number Ones Love Songs The Ultimate Bee Gees Mythology Timeless: The All-Time Greatest Hits

Videography

Idea Cucumber Castle The Bee Gees
Bee Gees
Special One for All Tour One Night Only The Ultimate Bee Gees In Our Own Time

Tours

The Bee Gees' concerts in 1967 and 1968 2 Years On
2 Years On
Tour Trafalgar Tour Mr. Natural Tour Main Course
Main Course
Tour Children of the World
Children of the World
Tour Spirits Having Flown
Spirits Having Flown
Tour One for All World Tour High Civilization World Tour One Night Only World Tour

Articles

Discography

List of songs recorded List of unreleased material

A Kick in the Head Is Worth Eight in the Pants The Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
Talk
Talk
Show IBC Studios Hither Green rail crash

Bands

The Rattlesnakes Humpy Bong The Fut The Bloomfields Tin Tin The Groove Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs Toe Fat Amen Corner One World Project

People

Hugh Gibb Andy Gibb Steve Gibb Spencer Gibb Robert Stigwood Arif Mardin Ossie Byrne Steve Kipner Albhy Galuten

Book Category

v t e

Bee Gees
Bee Gees
singles discography

1960s

1963

"The Battle of the Blue and the Grey" / "The Three Kisses of Love" "Timber!" / "Take Hold of That Star"

1964

"Peace of Mind" / "Don't Say Goodbye" "Claustrophobia" / "Could It Be" "Turn Around, Look at Me" / "(Theme From) The Travels of Jamie McPheeters"

1965

"Every Day I Have to Cry" / "You Wouldn't Know" "Wine and Women" / "Follow the Wind" "I Was A Lover, A Leader of Men" / "And the Children Laughing"

1966

"I Want Home" / "Cherry Red" "Monday's Rain" / "All of My Life" "Spicks and Specks" / "I Am the World"

1967

"Born a Man" / "Big Chance" "New York Mining Disaster 1941" / "I Can't See Nobody" "To Love Somebody" / "Close Another Door" "Holiday" / "Every Christian Lion Hearted Man Will Show You" "Massachusetts" / "Barker of the UFO" "World" / "Sir Geoffrey Saved the World"

1968

"Words" / "Sinking Ships" "Jumbo" / "The Singer Sang His Song" "I've Gotta Get a Message to You" / "Kitty Can" "I Started a Joke" / "Kilburn Towers"

1969

"First of May" / "Lamplight" "Tomorrow Tomorrow" / "Sun in My Morning" "Don't Forget to Remember" / "The Lord"

1970s

1970

"If Only I Had My Mind on Something Else" / "Sweetheart" (US) "I.O.I.O." / "Sweetheart" "Lonely Days" / "Man for All Seasons"

1971

"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" / "Country Woman" "Don't Wanna Live Inside Myself" / "Walking Back to Waterloo"

1972

"My World" / "On Time" "Run to Me" / "Road to Alaska" "Alive" / Paper Mache, Cabbages and Kings"

1973

"Saw a New Morning" / "My Life Has Been a Song" "Wouldn't I Be Someone" / "Elisa"

1974

"Mr. Natural" / "It Doesn't Matter Much to Me" "Throw a Penny" / "I Can't Let You Go" "Charade" / "Heavy Breathing"

1975

"Jive Talkin'" / "Wind of Change" "Nights on Broadway" / "Edge of the Universe"

1976

"Fanny (Be Tender with My Love)" / "Country Lanes" "You Should Be Dancing" / "Subway" "Love So Right" / "You Stepped Into My Life"

1977

"Boogie Child" / "Lovers" "Edge of the Universe (live)" / "Words (live)" "How Deep Is Your Love" / "Can't Keep a Good Man Down" (live) "Stayin' Alive" / "If I Can't Have You"

1978

"Night Fever" / "Down the Road (live)" "Too Much Heaven" / "Rest Your Love on Me"

1979

"Tragedy" / "Until" "Love You Inside Out" / "I'm Satisfied"

1980s

1981

"He's a Liar" "Living Eyes" / "I Still Love You"

1983

"The Woman in You" / "Stayin' Alive" "Someone Belonging to Someone" / "I Love You Too Much" (instrumental)

1987

"You Win Again" / "Backtafunk" "E.S.P." / "Overnight"

1989

"Ordinary Lives" / "Wing and a Prayer" "One" / "Flesh and Blood"

1990s

1990

"Bodyguard" / "Will You Ever Let Me"

1991

"Secret Love" / "Party with No Name" "When He's Gone" / "True Confessions" "The Only Love" / "You Win Again" (live) "Happy Ever After" / "Evolution"

1993

"Paying the Price of Love" / "My Destiny" "For Whom the Bell Tolls" / "Decadance"

1994

"How to Fall in Love, Part 1" / "Fallen Angel" "Kiss of Life" / "855-7019"

1997

"Alone" / "Rings Around the Moon" "I Could Not Love You More" / "Love Never Dies" (EUR) "Still Waters (Run Deep)" / "Love Never Dies"

2000s

2001

"This Is Where I Came In" / "Just in Case"

Other countries

1968

"And the Sun Will Shine" / "Really and Sincerely" (France)

1970

"Let There Be Love" / "Really and Sincerely" (Netherlands)

1971

"When the Swallows Fly" / "Give Your Best" (Netherlands) "Morning of my Life" / "To Love Somebody"

1972

"Israel" / "Dearest" (Netherlands) "Sea of Smiling Faces" / "Please Don't Turn Out the Lights"

1977

"Children of the World" / "Boogie Child" ( Australia
Australia

1988

"Crazy for Your Love" / "You Win Again (Remix)" "Angela" / "You Win Again (Remix)" (Germany, Netherlands)

v t e

Saturday Night Fever

Films

Saturday Night Fever Staying Alive

People

John Travolta Robert Stigwood Norman Wexler John Badham Sylvester Stallone

Music

Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
soundtrack Staying Alive soundtrack "Far from Over" Bee Gees David Shire

Related topics

Stage adaptation Nik Cohn "Tribal Rites of the New Saturday Night" "Saturday Night Glee-ver" Tony Manero

v t e

Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
Album – Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever
Saturday Night Fever
– Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 1997

Performers

Bee Gees
Bee Gees
(Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, Robin Gibb) Buffalo Springfield
Buffalo Springfield
(Richie Furay, Dewey Martin, Bruce Palmer, Stephen Stills, Neil Young) Crosby, Stills, & Nash (David Crosby, Graham Nash, Stephen Stills) The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5
(Jackie Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Michael Jackson, Tito Jackson) Joni Mitchell Parliament-Funkadelic
Parliament-Funkadelic
(Jerome Brailey, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Raymond Davis, Tiki Fulwood, Glenn Goins, Michael Hampton, Fuzzy Haskins, Eddie Hazel, Walter Morrison, Cordell Mosson, Billy Bass Nelson, Garry Shider, Calvin Simon, Grady Thomas, Bernie Worrell) The (Young) Rascals (Eddie Brigati, Felix Cavaliere, Gene Cornish, Dino Danelli)

Early influences

Mahalia Jackson Bill Monroe

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)

Syd Nathan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139205291 LCCN: n81036981 ISNI: 0000 0001 1940 4062 GND: 5137690-8 SUDOC: 052588173 BNF: cb139018984 (data) MusicBrainz: bf0f7e29-dfe1-416c-b5c6-f9ebc19ea810

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