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BEDFORDSHIRE (/ˈbɛdfərdʃər/ or /-ʃɪər/ ; abbreviated BEDS.) is a county in the East of England
England
. It is a ceremonial county and an historic county , covered by three unitary authorities : Bedford
Bedford
, Central Bedfordshire , and Luton
Luton
.

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is bordered by Cambridgeshire to the east/northeast, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
to the north, Buckinghamshire
Buckinghamshire
to the west and Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to the east/southeast. It is the fourteenth most densely populated county of England, with over half the population of the county living in the two largest built-up areas: Luton
Luton
(236,000) and the county town , Bedford
Bedford
(102,000). The highest elevation point is 243 metres (797 ft) on Dunstable Downs in the Chilterns .

The traditional nickname for people from Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is "Clangers ", deriving from a local dish comprising a suet crust pastry filled with meat in one end and jam in the other.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Politics

* 3.1 Police and Crime Commissioner * 3.2 Local government * 3.3 Emergency services * 3.4 Parliamentary constituencies

* 4 Economy * 5 Visitor attractions

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Roads * 6.2 Railways * 6.3 Taxis * 6.4 Waterways * 6.5 Air

* 7 Settlements in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

* 8 Education

* 8.1 Bedford
Bedford
and Central Bedfordshire * 8.2 Luton
Luton
* 8.3 Higher education

* 9 Landmarks

* 9.1 Cardington airship sheds * 9.2 St Paul\'s Church Bedford
Bedford
* 9.3 Millbrook Proving Ground

* 10 Sports and Leisure * 11 Notable people from Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
* 12 Bibliographical references * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Bedfordshire

The first recorded use of the name in 1011 was "BEDANFORDSCIR," meaning the shire or county of Bedford, which itself means "Beda's ford" (river crossing).

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
was historically divided into nine hundreds : Barford , Biggleswade , Clifton , Flitt , Manshead , Redbournestoke , Stodden , Willey , Wixamtree , along with the liberty and borough of Bedford
Bedford
. There have been several changes to the county boundary; for example, in 1897 Kensworth and part of Caddington were transferred from Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to Bedfordshire.

GEOGRAPHY

The southern end of the county is on the chalk ridge known as the Chiltern Hills . The remainder is part of the broad drainage basin of the River Great Ouse
River Great Ouse
and its tributaries. Most of Bedfordshire's rocks are clays and sandstones from the Jurassic and Cretaceous
Cretaceous
periods, with some limestone . Local clay has been used for brick -making of Fletton style bricks in the Marston Vale . Glacial erosion of chalk has left the hard flint nodules deposited as gravel—this has been commercially extracted in the past at pits which are now lakes, at Priory Country Park , Wyboston and Felmersham . The Greensand Ridge is an escarpment across the county from near Leighton Buzzard to near Gamlingay in Cambridgeshire .

CLIMATE

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is relatively dry, being situated in the east of England. Average annual rainfall is 597.6 millimetres (23.53 in) at Bedford. October is the wettest month with 62.5 millimetres (2.46 in), February the driest with 36.7 millimetres (1.44 in). While there is little difference from month to month there are more wet days in autumn and winter but often heavier individual falls in spring and summer, of note were the 1998 Easter floods.

Average temperatures in Bedford
Bedford
range from a low of 0.8 °C (33.4 °F) overnight in February to a high of 22.1 °C (71.8 °F) during the day in July. In the last 20 years the highest temperature recorded was 35.9 °C (96.6 °F). The lowest temperature on record in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is −20.6 °C (−5.1 °F) at Woburn on 25 February 1947.

POLITICS

POLICE AND CRIME COMMISSIONER

The Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner is Kathryn Holloway who is a member of the Conservative Party.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

For local government purposes, Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is divided into three unitary authorities : the boroughs of Bedford
Bedford
and Luton
Luton
, and the District of Central Bedfordshire . Bedfordshire County Council was abolished on 1 April 2009, although the three districts continue to form a county for ceremonial functions such as lieutenancy and High Sheriff . Many services in the county, such as education and public libraries, continue to be provided jointly by Central Bedfordshire and Bedford
Bedford
as if they were a single local authority.

EMERGENCY SERVICES

Policing, fire and rescue services continue to be provided on a county-wide basis, with Bedfordshire Police governed by the Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner and Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
and Luton Fire and Rescue Service governed members of the three councils.

PARLIAMENTARY CONSTITUENCIES

For elections to the House of Commons , Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is divided into six constituencies, each returning a single member of parliament :

CONSTITUENCY MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT

Bedford
Bedford

Mohammad Yasin

Luton
Luton
North

Kelvin Hopkins

Luton
Luton
South

Gavin Shuker

Mid Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

Nadine Dorries

North East Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

Alistair Burt

South West Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire

Andrew Selous

The present constituencies date from 1997 . The boundaries were slightly modified for the 2010 general election . See also: Category:Parliamentary constituencies in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
(historic) .

ECONOMY

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by _Office for National Statistics_ with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

YEAR REGIONAL GROSS VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY SERVICES

1995 4,109 81 1,584 2,444

2000 4,716 53 1,296 3,367

2003 5,466 52 1,311 4,102

Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
is the location of a number of notable UK and international companies who have either headquarters or major bases in the county. Autoglass , Boxclever and Charles Wells Pubs are all based in Bedford
Bedford
, while the Kier Group and Kingspan Timber Solutions are based in Sandy , and Jordans Cereals are based in Biggleswade . EasyJet , Impellam , Monarch Airlines , Thomson Airways and Vauxhall Motors are all based in Luton
Luton
, while Whitbread (including Costa Coffee ) is based in nearby Houghton Regis . UltraVision is based in Leighton Buzzard , while Moto Hospitality is based at Toddington service station.

VISITOR ATTRACTIONS

KEY

Abbey/Priory/Cathedral

Accessible open space

Amusement/Theme Park

Castle

Country Park

English Heritage
English Heritage

Forestry Commission

Heritage railway

Historic House

Museum (free/not free)

National Trust

Theatre

Zoo

* Bedford
Bedford
Castle * Bedford
Bedford
Corn Exchange * Cecil Higgins Art Gallery & Bedford
Bedford
Museum * Bedford
Bedford
Park * Cardington ( R101 hangar) * Chicksands Priory * Chiltern Hills * De Grey Mausoleum * Dunstable Downs * Elstow Moot Hall * Harrold-Odell Country Park * Houghton House * Leighton Buzzard Light Railway * Luton
Luton
Hoo * Luton
Luton
Museum & Art Gallery * Marston Vale Community Forest * Mossman Collection
Mossman Collection
* Priory Country Park * RAF Henlow * RSPB The Lodge, Sandy * Someries Castle * The Shuttleworth Collection * Stockwood Craft Museum * Wardown Park * Waulud\'s Bank * Whipsnade Wildlife Park * Whipsnade Tree Cathedral * Willington Dovecote "> in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
with a number of firms competing for work in the town and from London
London
Luton
Luton
Airport .

WATERWAYS

The River Great Ouse
River Great Ouse
links Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
to the Fenland
Fenland
waterways. As of 2004 there are plans by the Bedford
Bedford
-webkit-column-width: 20em; column-width: 20em;">

* Harold Abrahams * Mick Abrahams * Steve Askew * Ronnie Barker
Ronnie Barker
* Martin Bayfield * Lady Margaret Beaufort * Matt Berry * John Bunyan * John Byng
John Byng
* Alastair Cook * Kerry Dixon * Tim Foster * Barry Fry * George Gascoigne * Lucie Green * Damon Gough * Arthur Hailey
Arthur Hailey
* Sir William Harpur * Jaymi Hensley * Asher Hucklesby * Trevor Huddleston * Sir Alec Jeffreys * Jeremy Irvine * Andy Johnson * Wayne Larkins * John Le Mesurier * Steve Linsdell * Sir William Morgan * John Oliver * Monty Panesar * Sir Joseph Paxton * Victoria Pendleton * Paula Radcliffe * Mark Rutherford * Robert Sedgwick * Elkanah Settle * Matt Skelton * Noel Stanton * Sir Malcolm Stewart * Carol Vorderman
Carol Vorderman
* Charles Wells * Paul Young * Ben Whishaw * Samuel Whitbread

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES

* _ Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
Magazine_ (quarterly) * _ Elstow Moot Hall leaflets_ on John Bunyan and 17th century subjects * _Guide to the Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
Record Office_ 1957 with supplements. * _Guide to the Russell Estate Collections_ Published in 1966. * Conisbe, L. R. (1962) _A Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
Bibliography_ (supplement, 1967) * Dony, John (1953) _A Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
Flora_. Luton: Corporation of Luton
Luton
Museum & Art Gallery * Dony, John (1942) _A History of the Straw Hat Industry_. Luton: Gibbs, Bamforth border:solid #aaa 1px">

* England
England
portal

* Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire * High Sheriff of Bedfordshire
High Sheriff of Bedfordshire
* Healthcare in Bedfordshire

REFERENCES

* ^ " Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
2017/2018". High Sheriff's Association of England and Wales. Retrieved 9 June 2017. * ^ http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/census-2001-key-statistics/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales/urban-areas-in-england-and-wales-ks01-usual-resident-population.xls * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Met Office Bedford
Bedford
Averages 1981–2010 http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/averages/19812010/sites/bedford.html * ^ Met Office: Easter 1998 – Heavy rainfall http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climate/uk/interesting/easter1998/ * ^ CLIMATE BEDFORD – Weather http://www.tutiempo.net/en/Climate/BEDFORD/35600.htm * ^ Climate Extremes – Met Office http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/public/weather/climate-extremes/#?tab=climateExtremes * ^ "The Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
(Structural Changes) Order 2008 (S.I 2008 No. 907)". Office of Public Sector Information . 27 March 2008. Archived from the original on 2 May 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2009. * ^ " Bedford
Bedford
Borough
Borough
and Central Bedfordshire and Libraries – About Your Library – Bedfordshire\'s Virtual Library". Galaxy.bedfordshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "The Local Government (Structural Changes) (Areas and Membership of Public Bodies in Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
and Cheshire) Order 2009 (S.I 2009 No. 119)". Office of Public Sector Information . 28 January 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2009. * ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". Office of Public Sector Information. 1995. Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". Office of Public Sector Information. 2007. Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding * ^ includes hunting and forestry * ^ includes energy and construction * ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured * ^ " Bedford
Bedford
& Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Waterway Trust". B-mkwaterway.co.uk. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Two-tier school proposal rejected". BBC News. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 10 February 2008. * ^ "Middle schools to be abolished – Biggleswade News". Bedford Today. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "\'Momentous decision\' for schools". _BBC News_. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2010. * ^ "Tiers to be shed in school restructure? – Local". Bedford Today. Retrieved 25 September 2010. * ^ "Education in Bedford". Bedford
Bedford
Borough
Borough
Council. 2004. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ "Education and Schools Information" (PDF). _Creating Central Bedfordshire_. Central Bedfordshire Council. Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ "About Millbrook Group". _Millbrook Proving Ground_. Retrieved 30 August 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ Detail from a copy of _History of Bedfordshire_ published by Bedfordshire County Council in 1969

EXTERNAL LINKS

* North Beds Online

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