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BEASTIE BOYS were an American hip hop group from New York City, formed in 1981. For the majority of their career, the group consisted of Michael "Mike D" Diamond (vocals, drums), Adam "MCA" Yauch (vocals, bass) and Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz (vocals, guitar).

Originally formed as a four-piece hardcore punk band, the Young Aborigines, in 1978 by Diamond (vocals), John Berry (guitar), Yauch (bass) and Kate Schellenbach (drums), the band appeared on the compilation cassette _ New York Thrash _, contributing two songs from their first EP , _ Polly Wog Stew _, in 1982. Berry left shortly thereafter, and was replaced by Horovitz. After achieving moderate local success with the 1983 experimental hip hop 12-inch single "Cooky Puss ", Schellenbach dropped out and the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
made a full transition to hip hop, releasing a string of successful singles . They toured with Madonna in 1985 and a year later released their debut album _ Licensed to Ill
Licensed to Ill
_. The group sold 26 million albums in the United States and 50 million albums worldwide, making them, according to _Billboard _, the biggest-selling rap group since the magazine began recording sales data in 1991.

With seven platinum or better albums from 1986 to 2004, the Beastie Boys were one of the longest-lived hip hop acts worldwide. In 2009, they released digitally remastered deluxe editions of their albums _Paul\'s Boutique _, _ Check Your Head _, _ Ill Communication _ and _ Hello Nasty _. Their eighth studio album, _Hot Sauce Committee Part Two _, was released in 2011, and received positive reviews. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in April 2012, "just the third rap group to enter the Hall, after Run–D.M.C. (2009) and Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five (2007)." The following month, MCA died of cancer of the parotid salivary gland . In June 2014, Mike D confirmed that he and Ad-Rock would not continue the Beastie Boys, out of respect to MCA.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1981–83: Formation and early years * 1.2 1984–87: Def Jam years and _Licensed to Ill_ * 1.3 1988–89: Move to Capitol Records and _Paul\'s Boutique_ * 1.4 1990–96: _Check Your Head_ and _Ill Communication_ * 1.5 1997–2001: _Hello Nasty_ * 1.6 2002–08: _To the 5 Boroughs_ and _The Mix-Up_ * 1.7 2009–12: _Hot Sauce Committee_ * 1.8 2012–present: Deaths of Yauch and Berry

* 2 Tibetan Freedom Concert * 3 Musical style, influences, and legacy * 4 Sampling lawsuit

* 5 Band members

* 5.1 Former members * 5.2 Touring members * 5.3 Timeline

* 6 Discography * 7 Tours * 8 Awards and nominations * 9 Filmography * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

1981–83: FORMATION AND EARLY YEARS

Prior to forming the Beastie Boys, Michael Diamond was part of a number of bands such as the Walden Jazz
Jazz
Band, BAN and The Young Aborigines . The Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
formed in July 1981 when the Young Aborigines bassist Jeremy Shatan left New York City
New York City
for the summer and the remaining members Michael Diamond, John Berry and Kate Schellenbach formed a new hardcore punk band with Adam Yauch called Beastie Boys. The band supported Bad Brains , the Dead Kennedys , the Misfits and Reagan Youth at venues such as CBGB , A7, Trudy Hellers Place and Max\'s Kansas City , playing at the latter venue on its closing night. In November 1982, the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
recorded the 7" EP _ Polly Wog Stew _ at 171A studios, an early recorded example of New York hardcore .

On November 13, 1982, the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
played Philip Pucci's birthday for the purposes of his short concert film of the Beastie Boys, _Beastie_. Pucci held the concert in Bard College 's Preston Drama Dance Department Theatre. This performance marked the Beastie Boys' first on screen appearance in a published motion picture. Pucci's concept for _Beastie_ was to distribute a mixture of both a half dozen 16 mm Bell Schellenbach left the band in 1984 and was not replaced, with Diamond filling the role of drummer. The band also recorded and then performed its first hip hop track, " Cooky Puss ", based on a prank call by the group to Carvel Ice Cream franchise in 1983. It was a part of the new line-up's first EP, also called _Cooky Puss_, which was the first piece of work that showed their incorporation of the underground rap phenomenon and the use of samples. It quickly became a hit in New York underground dance clubs and night clubs upon its release.

In 1983, the new line-up released the _Cooky Puss_ EP, which offered the first evidence of them picking up on the underground rap phenomenon and the use of samples. "Beastie Revolution" was later sampled for a British Airways commercial. The Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
sued them over the use of the song, earning them $40,000 in royalties.

1984–87: DEF JAM YEARS AND _LICENSED TO ILL_

Due to the success of "Cooky Puss", they began to incorporate rap into their sets. They decided to hire a DJ for their live shows and ended up getting an NYU student named Rick Rubin . Soon thereafter, Rubin began producing records. He formed Def Jam Recordings with fellow NY University student, Russell Simmons
Russell Simmons
, and approached the band about producing them for his new label. Around the same time, the band made a more complete switch over from a punk rock outfit to a three-man rap trio with drummer Kate Schellenbach leaving the group (later to join Luscious Jackson in 1991) and Diamond, Yauch and Horovitz each adopting their own hip hop monikers—Mike D, MCA and Ad-Rock respectively.

They released the 12-inch single " Rock Hard " in 1984, which would be the second record released by Def Jam crediting Rubin as producer. In 1985, the band opened for John Lydon 's post- Sex Pistols band Public Image Ltd. , as well as supporting Madonna on her North American The Virgin Tour . Then headlining with Fishbone and Murphy\'s Law with DJ Hurricane and later in the year, the group was on the _Raising Hell_ tour with Run DMC , Whodini , LL Cool J , and the Timex Social Club . With their exposure on this tour, the track "Hold It Now, Hit It" charted on _Billboard_'s US R&B and dance charts. The track "She\'s on It " from the _ Krush Groove _ soundtrack continued in a rap/metal vein while a double A-side 12", "Paul Revere /The New Style", was released at the end of the year.

The band recorded _ Licensed to Ill
Licensed to Ill
_ throughout 1986 and released the album on November 15, 1986. The album was well-received, and was favorably reviewed by _ Rolling Stone _ magazine with the now-famous headline, "Three Idiots Create a Masterpiece". _Licensed to Ill_ became the best-selling rap album of the 1980s and the first rap album to go number 1 on the _Billboard_ 200 chart, where it stayed for five weeks. It also reached number 2 on the Top R&B album charts. It was Def Jam's fastest selling debut record to date and sold over nine million copies. The fourth single from the album, "(You Gotta) Fight for Your Right (To Party!) ", reached number 7 on the _Billboard_ Hot 100 , and the video (directed by Ric Menello and Adam Dubin ) became an MTV staple. Another song from the album, "No Sleep till Brooklyn ", released in 1987, peaked at number 14 on the UK Singles Chart .

The band took the _Licensed to Ill_ tour around the world the following year. It was a tour clouded in controversy featuring female members of the crowd dancing in cages and a giant motorized inflatable penis similar to one used by The Rolling Stones in the 1970s. The tour was troubled by lawsuits and arrests, with the band accused of provoking the crowd. This culminated in their notorious gig at the Royal Court Theatre, Liverpool , England on May 30, 1987 that erupted into a riot approximately 10 minutes after the Beasties hit the stage and the arrest of Adam Horovitz by Merseyside Police . He was charged with assault causing grievous bodily harm.

After the success of _Licensed to Ill_, the Beasties parted ways with Def Jam and ended their relationship with Rick Rubin to sign with Capitol Records . _Tougher Than Leather _, a movie made by Rick Rubin as a star vehicle for Run-D.M.C. and Def Jam Recordings with appearances by the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
when they were still with the label, was released in 1988.

1988–89: MOVE TO CAPITOL RECORDS AND _PAUL\'S BOUTIQUE_

The group re-entered the studio in 1988, emerging with a more artistically mature second album, _Paul\'s Boutique _, released on July 25, 1989 by Capitol Records , after the falling out between the group and Def Jam Recordings . It failed to match the sales of _Licensed to Ill_, peaking at number 14 on the _Billboard_ 200 and number 24 on the _Billboard_ R&B charts. The lead single, "Hey Ladies ", reached number 36 on the _Billboard_ 100 and number 10 on the R"> The Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
at Club Citta Kawasaki, Japan _ Check Your Head tour_ Photo: Masao Nakagami, September 16, 1992

The follow-up album, _ Check Your Head _, was recorded in the band's own "G-Son" studio in Atwater Village , California and released on its Grand Royal record label. The band was influenced to play instruments on this album by Dutch group Urban Dance Squad ; with Mike D on drums, Yauch on bass, Horovitz on guitar and Mark Ramos Nishita ("Keyboard Money Mark ") on keyboards. Mario Caldato, Jr. , who had helped in the production of _Paul's Boutique_, engineered the record and became a longtime collaborator. _Check Your Head_ was released in 1992 and was certified double Platinum in the US and peaked at number 10 on the _Billboard_ 200. The single "So What\'cha Want " reached number 93 on the _Billboard_ 100 and charted on both the Rap and Modern Rock Chart , while the album's first single, " Pass the Mic ", peaked at number 38 on the Hot Dance Music chart. The album also introduced a more experimental direction, with funk and jazz inspired songs including "Lighten Up" and "Something\'s Got to Give ". The band returned to their hardcore punk roots for the song "Time for Livin\' ", a Sly & the Family Stone cover . The addition of instruments and the harder rock sound of the album could be considered a precursor to the nu metal genre of music to come out in the later half of the 1990s.

Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
signed an eclectic roster of artists to their Grand Royal label, including Luscious Jackson, Sean Lennon and promising Australian artist Ben Lee . The group owned Grand Royal Records until 2001 when it was then sold for financial reasons. Grand Royal's first independent release was Luscious Jackson's album _ In Search of Manny _ in 1993. Also in 1993, the band contributed the track "It's the New Style" (with DJ Hurricane ) to the AIDS benefit album _No Alternative _, produced by the Red Hot Organization .

The Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
also published _ Grand Royal Magazine_, with the first edition in 1993 featuring a cover story on Bruce Lee
Bruce Lee
, artwork by George Clinton , and interviews with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
Kareem Abdul-Jabbar
and A Tribe Called Quest MC Q-Tip . The 1995 issue of the magazine contained a memorable piece on the mullet . The _ Oxford English Dictionary _ cites this as the first published use of the term, along with the lyrics from the Beasties' 1994 song, "Mullet Head". That term was not heard in the 1980s, even though that decade has retroactively been hailed as the mullet's peak in popularity. The _OED_ says that the term was "apparently coined, and certainly popularized, by US hip-hop group the Beastie Boys". _ Grand Royal Magazine_ is also responsible for giving British band Sneaker Pimps their name.

_ Ill Communication _, released in 1994, saw the Beastie Boys' return to the top of the charts when the album debuted at number 1 on the _Billboard_ 200 and peaked at number 2 on the R they got a high level of response and public awareness as a result including a published article in _ The Wall Street Journal _ on the band's efforts.

On September 28, 1999, Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
joined Elvis Costello to play "Radio Radio" on the 25th anniversary season of _Saturday Night Live _.

Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
released _The Sounds of Science _, a two-CD anthology of their works in 1999. This album reached number 19 on the Billboard 200, number 18 in Canada, and number 14 on the R he needed surgery and extensive rehabilitation. By the time he recovered, Rage Against the Machine had disbanded, although they would reunite seven years later.

Under the name "Country Mike", Mike D recorded an album, _Country Mike\'s Greatest Hits _, and gave it to friends and family for Christmas in 2000. Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz's side project BS 2000 released _ Simply Mortified _ in 2001.

The band increased its level of political activism after the September 11, 2001 attacks , organizing and headlining the New Yorkers Against Violence Concert at the Hamerstein Ballroom in October 2001.

_Hello Nasty_ was reissued on September 22, 2009.

2002–08: _TO THE 5 BOROUGHS_ AND _THE MIX-UP_

In 2002, Adam Yauch started building a new studio facility, _ Oscilloscope Laboratories _, in downtown Manhattan
Manhattan
, New York and the band started work on a new album there. The band released a protest song , "In A World Gone Mad", against the 2003 Iraq war as a free download on several websites, including the Milarepa website, the MTV website, MoveOn.org
MoveOn.org
, and Win Without War . The 19th and 20th Tibetan Freedom Concerts were held in Tokyo and Taipei, Beastie Boys' first Taiwan appearance. Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
also headlined the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival .

Their single, "Ch-Check It Out", debuted on _ The O.C. _ in "The Vegas" episode from Season 1, which aired April 28, 2004.

_ To the 5 Boroughs _ was released worldwide on June 15, 2004. It was the first album the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
produced themselves and reached number 1 on the Billboard album charts, number 2 in the UK and Australia, and number 3 in Germany. The first single from the album, " Ch-Check It Out ", reached number 1 in Canada and on the US Modern Rock Tracks chart.

The album was the cause of some controversy with allegations that it installed spyware when inserted into the CD drive of a computer. The band denied this allegation, defending that there is no copy protection software on the albums sold in the US and UK. While there is Macrovision CDS-200 copy protection software installed on European copies of the album, this is standard practice for all European releases on EMI / Capitol Records released in Europe, and it does not install spyware or any form of permanent software.

The band stated in mid-2006 that they were writing material for their next album and would be producing it themselves. The Beastie Boys (left to right) Ad-Rock , Mike D , and MCA performing in Barcelona, Spain in September 2007.

Speaking to British music weekly _ NME _ (April 26, 2007), Diamond revealed that a new album was to be called _ The Mix-Up _. Despite initial confusion regarding whether the album would have lyrics as opposed to being purely instrumental, the Mic-To-Mic blog reported that Capitol Records had confirmed it would be strictly instrumental and erroneously reported a release date scheduled for July 10, 2007. (The album was eventually released June 26, as originally reported.) On May 1, 2007, this was further cemented by an e-mail sent to those on the Beastie Boys' mailing list – explicitly stating that the album would be all instrumental:

OK, here's our blurb about our new album—it spits hot fire!—hot s**t! it's official... it's named _The Mix-Up_. g'wan. all instrumental record. "see I knew they were gonna do that!" that's a quote from you. check the track listing and cover below. you love us. don't you?

The band played several tracks from the album at the 2007 Virgin Festival at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore
Baltimore
, Maryland.

The band subsequently confirmed the new album and announced a short tour that focused on festivals as opposed to a traditional tour, including the likes of Sónar (Spain), Roskilde (Denmark), Hurricane /Southside (Germany), Bestival ( Isle of Wight ), Electric Picnic (Ireland) and Open\'er Festival (Poland). Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
performed at the UK leg of Live Earth July 7, 2007 at Wembley Stadium , London with "Sabotage ", "So What\'cha Want ", "Intergalactic ", and " Sure Shot ".

They worked with Reverb , a non-profit environmental organization, on their 2007 summer tour.

They won a Grammy for _The Mix-Up_ in the "Best Pop Instrumental Album " category at the 50th Annual Grammy Awards in 2008.

2009–12: _HOT SAUCE COMMITTEE_

In February 2009, Yauch revealed their forthcoming new album has taken the band's sound in a "bizarre" new direction, saying "It's a combination of playing and sampling stuff as we're playing, and also sampling pretty obscure records." The tentative title for the record was _Tadlock's Glasses_, of which Yauch explained the inspiration behind the title:

We had a bus driver years ago who used to drive Elvis' back up singers. His name was Tadlock and Elvis gave him a pair of glasses which he was very proud of. So for some reason that title—_Tadlock's Glasses_—has just been bouncing around.

On May 25, 2009, it was announced during an interview on _Late Night with Jimmy Fallon_ that the name of their new album would be _Hot Sauce Committee _ and was set for release on September 15 (with the track listing of the album announced through their mailing list on June 23). The album included a collaboration with Santigold who co-wrote and sang with the band on the track "Don\'t Play No Game That I Can\'t Win ".

In June, the group appeared at Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival and performed the new single from the album titled "Too Many Rappers" alongside rapper Nas
Nas
who appears on the track. It would be the last live performance by the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
as a trio. The group would have toured the UK later in the year in support of the new record.

Speaking to _ Drowned in Sound _, the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
revealed that Part 2 was done. Mike D also hinted it may be released via unusual means:

Pt. 2 is pretty much done. Basically we were making ...Pt 1, had too many songs, so we recorded some more songs. Which sounds bizarre but it actually worked out, because it made it clear to us which songs were going to be on ...Pt 1. Then we had this whole other album of songs: ...Pt 2. ...Pt 1's going to be your regular CD in the stores and to download, but ...Pt 2 is going to be released in...we're still figuring it out, but a different way. More of a 2009 style. You could get in the shower one day and, boom, all of a sudden you're showered with MP3s. Or we might send people a seven-inch every few weeks, so you have a whole box set.

On July 20, Yauch announced on the Beastie Boys' official YouTube channel and through the fan mailing list, the cancellation of several tour dates and the postponement of the new album due to the discovery of a cancerous tumor in his parotid gland and a lymph node. The group also had to cancel their co-headlining gig at the Osheaga Festival in Montreal
Montreal
as well as a headlining spot at 2009's Lollapalooza and also another headlining spot for the first night of the All Points West Festival in Jersey City, New Jersey .

In late October 2010, the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
sent out two emails regarding the status of _Hot Sauce Committee_ Pts. 1 and 2 to their online mailing list. An email dated October 18 read: "Although we regret to inform you that _Hot Sauce Committee Part 1_ will continue to be delayed indefinitely, _Hot Sauce Committee Part 2_ will be released on time as originally planned in spring of 2011." One week later, a second email was sent out, reading as follows:

In what can only be described as a bizarre coincidence, following an exhaustive re-sequence marathon, Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
have verified that their new _Hot Sauce Committee Part 2_ will be composed of the same 16 tracks originally slated for inclusion on _Hot Sauce Committee Part 1_. The record (part 2 that is) will be released as planned in spring 2011 on Capitol. The tracks originally recorded for _Hot Sauce Committee Part 2_ (which now are actually back on Part 1) have now apparently been bumped to make room for the former _Hot Sauce Committee Part 1_ material. Wait, what?

I know it's weird and confusing, but at least we can say unequivocally that _Hot Sauce Committee Part 2_ is coming out on time, which is more than I can say about Part 1, and really is all that matters in the end." says Adam "MCA" Yauch. "We just kept working and working on various sequences for part 2, and after a year and half of spending days on end in the sequencing room trying out every possible combination, it finally became clear that this was the only way to make it work. Strange but true, the final sequence for _Hot Sauce Committee Part 2_ works best with all its songs replaced by the 16 tracks we originally had lined up in pretty much the same order we had them in for _Hot Sauce Committee Part 1_. So we've come full circle.

The official release dates were April 27, 2011 for Japan; April 29 in the UK and Europe, and May 3, 2011 in the US. The third single for the album is "Make Some Noise " was made available for download on April 11, 2011 as well as a limited edition 7" vinyl single for Record Store Day five days later with a Passion Pit remix of the track as a b-side. The track was leaked online on April 6 and subsequently made available via their blog.

On April 22, the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
emailed out the cryptic message _"This Sat, 10:35 am EST – Just listen, listen, listen to the beat box"_. A day later, they live streamed their album online via beatbox inside Madison Square Garden.

The band was announced as an inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in December 2011. They were inducted by Chuck D and LL Cool J on April 14, 2012. Yauch was too sick to attend the ceremony, having been admitted to NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital the same day, therefore the group didn't perform; instead Black Thought , Travie from Gym Class Heroes
Gym Class Heroes
and Kid Rock performed a medley of their songs. Diamond and Horovitz accepted and read a speech that Yauch had written.

2012–PRESENT: DEATHS OF YAUCH AND BERRY

On May 4, 2012, Yauch died from cancer at the age of 47. On May 24, in an interview with _Rolling Stone_, Mike D claimed that the Beastie Boys recorded new music in late 2011 after the release of _Hot Sauce Committee (Part 2)_, although it was not indicated if or when these recordings would be released. During the same interview, Mike D claimed that the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
will likely disband due to the death of MCA, although he is open to making new music with Ad-Rock in the future. Nothing certain has been said regarding the future of the band, but Mike D stated he would like to continue making music and "Yauch would genuinely want us to try whatever crazy thing we wanted but never got around to."

In April 2013 it was announced that the group has signed a deal to write an autobiography. The book was scheduled to be released in the fall of 2015. However, Horovitz stated that the autobiography is being delayed. According to Horovitz, "We've got pages!....How it's going to fit together, I don't know. But we've got some ideas. It's interesting. It's fun."

On May 3, 2013 a children's playground in Brooklyn was renamed for Adam Yauch.

In June 2014, Mike D stated that neither he nor Horovitz would ever perform under the name the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
again out of respect for Yauch.

Founding Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
guitarist John Berry died on May 19, 2016, aged 52, as a result of frontotemporal dementia , after a decline of health for several years. He was credited with coming up with the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
name, and played guitar on the first EP the Beastie Boys recorded. Before the Beastie Boys, he was also a part of Even Worse , Big Fat Love, Highway Stars, Bourbon Deluxe, and Idaho . The first Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
show took place at Berry's loft.

TIBETAN FREEDOM CONCERT

Main article: Tibetan Freedom Concert

In 1994, Adam Yauch and activist Erin Potts organized the Tibetan Freedom Concert in order to raise awareness of humans rights abuses by the Chinese government on the Tibetan people .

Yauch became aware of this after hiking in Nepal
Nepal
and speaking with Tibetan refugees. The events became annual, and shortly after went international with acts such as Live , Mike Mills and Michael Stipe of R.E.M. , Rage Against the Machine , Smashing Pumpkins , and U2 .

MUSICAL STYLE, INFLUENCES, AND LEGACY

Originally a hardcore punk band, Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
largely abandoned the genre in favor of hip hop and rap rock by the time they worked on their debut studio album _Licensed to Ill_.

Around the time of the release of their debut album, _Licensed to Ill_, Mike D started to appear on stage and in publicity photographs wearing a large Volkswagen
Volkswagen
emblem attached to a chain-link necklace. This started a rash of thefts of the emblem from vehicles around the world as fans tried to emulate him. A controversial concert in Columbus , Georgia in 1987 led to the passage of a lewdness ordinance in that city.

The Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
are considered very influential in both the hip hop and rock music scenes, with artists from Eminem to Rage Against the Machine to Limp Bizkit , to Sublime , and Blur citing them as an influence. Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
have had four albums reach the top of the _Billboard_ album charts (_Licensed to Ill_, _Ill Communication_, _Hello Nasty_ and _To The 5 Boroughs_) since 1986. In the November 2004 issue, _ Rolling Stone _ named "Sabotage" the 475th song on their 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list. In their April 2005 issue, _Rolling Stone_ ranked them number 77 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time . VH1 ranked them number 89 on their list of their 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. On September 27, 2007, it was announced that Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
were one of the nine nominees for the 2008 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductions. In December 2011, they were announced to be official 2012 inductees.

SAMPLING LAWSUIT

In 2003, Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
were involved in the landmark sampling decision, _Newton v. Diamond _. In that case, a federal judge ruled that the band was not liable for sampling James Newton 's "Choir" in their track, "Pass the Mic". The sample used is the six-second flute stab. In short, the Beasties cleared the sample but obtained only the rights to use the sound recording and not the composition rights to the song "Choir". In the decision, the judge found that:

when viewed in relation to Newton's composition as a whole, the portion is neither quantitatively nor qualitatively significant... Because Beastie Boys' use of the sound recording was authorized, the sole basis of Newton's infringement action is his remaining copyright interest in the 'Choir' composition. We hold today that Beastie Boys' use of a brief segment of that composition, consisting of three notes separated by a half-step over a background C note, is not sufficient to sustain a claim for copyright infringement.

BAND MEMBERS

FORMER MEMBERS

* John Berry – guitars (1981–1982; DIED 2016) * Mike D – vocals (1981–2012), drums (1984–2012) * Kate Schellenbach – drums, percussion (1981–1984) * MCA – vocals, bass (1981–2012; DIED 2012) * Ad-Rock – vocals, guitars (1982–2012)

TOURING MEMBERS

* DJ Double R – disc jockey (1984–1985) * Doctor Dré – disc jockey (1986) * DJ Hurricane – disc jockey (1986–1997) * Eric Bobo – percussion (1992–1996) * Money Mark (Mark Ramos-Nishita) – keyboards, vocals (1992–2012) * AWOL – drums (1994–1995) * Alfredo Ortiz – drums, percussion (1996–2012) * Mix Master Mike – disc jockey, backing vocals (1998–2012)

TIMELINE

DISCOGRAPHY

Main article: Beastie Boys discography

STUDIO ALBUMS

* _ Licensed to Ill
Licensed to Ill
_ (1986) * _Paul\'s Boutique _ (1989) * _ Check Your Head _ (1992) * _ Ill Communication _ (1994) * _ Hello Nasty _ (1998) * _ To the 5 Boroughs _ (2004) * _ The Mix-Up _ (2007) * _ Hot Sauce Committee Part Two _ (2011)

TOURS

HEADLINING

* Licensed to Ill
Licensed to Ill
Tour (1987) (with Public Enemy ) * Together Forever Tour (1987) (with Run-D.M.C.) * Check Your Head Tour (1992) (with Cypress Hill) * Ill Communication Tour (1994–1995) * In The Round Tour (1998–1999) (with A Tribe Called Quest ) * To the 5 Boroughs Tour (2004) * The Mix-Up Tour (2007–2008)

SUPPORTING

* The Virgin Tour (1985) (supporting Madonna ) * Raising Hell Tour (1986) (supporting Run-D.M.C. )

AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS

Grammy Awards

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

1992 _Check Your Head_ Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated

1995 "Sabotage " Best Hard Rock Performance Nominated

1999 "Intergalactic " Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Won

_Hello Nasty_ Best Alternative Music Album Won

2001 "Alive " Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated

2005 " Ch-Check It Out " Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated

_To The 5 Boroughs_ Best Rap Album Nominated

2008 "Off the Grid" Best Pop Instrumental Performance Nominated

_The Mix-Up_ Best Contemporary Instrumental Album Won

2010 " Too Many Rappers " (featuring Nas
Nas
) Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group Nominated

MTV Video Music Awards

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

1994 "Sabotage " Video of the Year Nominated

Best Group Video Nominated

Breakthrough Video Nominated

Best Direction (Director: Spike Jonze ) Nominated

Viewer\'s Choice Nominated

1998 Beastie Boys Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award Won

1999 "Intergalactic " Best Hip-Hop Video Won

2009 "Sabotage " Best Video (That Should Have Won a Moonman) Won

2011 "Make Some Noise " Video of the Year Nominated

Best Direction (Director: Adam Yauch ) Won

MTV Europe Music Awards

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

1994 Beastie Boys Best Group Nominated

1998 "Intergalactic " Best Video Nominated

_Hello Nasty_ Best Album Nominated

Beastie Boys Best Group Nominated

Best Hip-Hop Won

1999 Beastie Boys Best Hip-Hop Nominated

2004 Beastie Boys Best Group Nominated

Best Hip-Hop Nominated

2011 "Make Some Noise " Best Video Nominated

MTV Video Music Awards Japan

YEAR NOMINEE/WORK AWARD RESULT

2005 " Ch-Check It Out " Best Hip-Hop Video Won

2009 Beastie Boys MTV Street Icon Award Won

FILMOGRAPHY

* _ Krush Groove _ (1985) * _Tougher Than Leather _ (1988) * _Awesome; I Fuckin\' Shot That! _ (2006) * _ Fight for Your Right Revisited _ (2011) * _ Futurama episode Hell Is Other Robots (1999)_

REFERENCES

* ^ Jeremy Gordon (June 2, 2014). " Mike D Says Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
Won\'t Be Making Any More Music". Pitchfork.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014. * ^ Keith Caulfield (May 4, 2012). " Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
Blazed Billboard Chart History". Billboard.com. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved May 4, 2012. * ^ "Obituary: Adam \'MCA\' Yauch". _BBC News_. May 4, 2012. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012. * ^ Grischow, Chad (March 16, 2011). " Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
Announce Hot Sauce Committee Release Date". IGN.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2015. * ^ "Hot Sauce Committee, Pt. 2 – Beastie Boys". Metacritic.com. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2013. * ^ Michael Hogan (May 4, 2012). " Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
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