HOME
The Info List - Aylsham


--- Advertisement ---



Aylsham
Aylsham
is a historic market town and civil parish on the River Bure in north Norfolk, England, nearly 9 mi (14 km) north of Norwich. The river rises near Melton Constable, 11 miles (18 km) upstream from Aylsham
Aylsham
and continues to Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
and the North Sea, although it was only made navigable after 1779, allowing grain, coal and timber to be brought up river. The town is close to large estates and grand country houses at Blickling, Felbrigg, Mannington and Wolterton, which are important tourist attractions. The civil parish has an area of 4,329 acres (17.52 square km) and in the 2001 census had a population of 5,504 in 2448 households, reducing to a population of 3,999 in 1,591 households at the 2011 Census. For the purposes of local government, the parish falls within the district of Broadland.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Local government 3 Parish church 4 Transport and tourism 5 Aylsham
Aylsham
today 6 Notable residents 7 Gallery 8 Twinning 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Aylsham
Aylsham
town sign, typical of many Norfolk
Norfolk
village signs, stands at the entrance to the town. It depicts John of Gaunt, Lord of the manor from 1372.

Archaeological evidence shows that the site of the town has been occupied since prehistoric times. Aylsham
Aylsham
is just over two miles (3 km) from a substantial Roman settlement at Brampton, linked to Venta Icenorum
Venta Icenorum
at Caistor St Edmund, south of Norwich, by a Roman road which can still be traced in places - that site was a bustling industrial centre with maritime links to the rest of the empire. Excavations in the 1970s provided evidence of several kilns, showing that this was an industrial centre, pottery and metal items being the main items manufactured. Aylsham
Aylsham
is thought to have been founded around 500 AD by an Anglo Saxon thegn called Aegel, Aegel's Ham, meaning "Aegel's settlement". The town is mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 as Elesham and Ailesham, with a population of about 1,000. Until the 15th century, the linen and worsted industry was important here, as well as in North Walsham and Worstead
Worstead
and Aylsham
Aylsham
webb or 'cloth of Aylsham' was supplied to the royal palaces of Edward II and III. John of Gaunt
John of Gaunt
was lord of the manor from 1372 and Aylsham
Aylsham
became the principal town of the Duchy of Lancaster. Although John of Gaunt probably never came to Aylsham, the townspeople enjoyed many privileges, including exemption from jury service outside the manor and from payment of certain taxes. The village sign depicts John of Gaunt. In 1519 Henry VIII granted a market on Saturdays and an annual fair to be held on 12 March, which was the eve of the feast of St Gregory
St Gregory
the pope. Aylsham
Aylsham
markets have always been an important feature of the town, and businesses developed to meet the needs of the town and the farming lands around it. Besides weekly markets there were cattle fairs twice a year and, in October, a hiring fair. The historic Black Boys Inn in the Market Place is one of Aylsham's oldest surviving buildings, and has been on the site since the 1650s, although the present frontage dates to between 1710 and 1720. There is a frieze of small black boys on the cornice and a good staircase and assembly room. The Black Boys was a stop for the post coach from Norwich
Norwich
to Cromer, had stabling for 40 horses, and employed three ostlers and four postboys. A thatched waterpump was built in 1911 at Carr's Corner in memory of John Soame by his uncle, a wealthy financier. An artesian well 170 feet (52 m) deep, its canopy is thatched in Norfolk
Norfolk
reed. As with many of the other market towns in the county, the weaving of local cloth brought prosperity to the town in medieval times. Until the 15th century it was the manufacture of linen which was the more important, and Aylsham
Aylsham
linens and Aylsham
Aylsham
canvases were nationally known. From the 16th century linen manufacture declined and wool became more important, a situation that continued until the coming of the Industrial Revolution. Thereafter the principal trade of the town for the 19th century was grain and timber, together with the range of trades to be found in a town which supported local agriculture. Records show that Aylsham
Aylsham
had markets and fairs, certainly from the 13th century. Such weekly and annual events were important for the trade that they brought. Annual horse fairs would bring many other traders to the town, and the weekly market would be the occasion for more local trade. The rights of the stallholders in the market place today date back to the rights established in medieval times. Local government[edit] In medieval times the parish of Aylsham
Aylsham
was established as four manors, the main manor of Lancaster, Vicarage manor, Sexton's manor and Bolwick manor. The ownership of the Lancaster manor changed hands many times, before James I assigned it to his son, the future Charles I. In the course of the events which lead up to the English Civil War Charles I had to raise as much money as possible, and mortgaged Lancaster manor to the Corporation of the City of London. The Corporation eventually sold it to Sir John Hobart, and through him it passed to the ownership of the Blickling
Blickling
Estate. The current lords of the manor are the National Trust. Formerly part of the South Erpingham
Erpingham
Hundred, Aylsham
Aylsham
was, for administrative purposes, absorbed into St. Faith's and Aylsham
Aylsham
Rural District Council in 1894 and became part of Broadland
Broadland
District Council in 1974. Local issues come under the jurisdiction of Aylsham
Aylsham
Parish Council.

Lychgate
Lychgate
at St Michael's Church

Hungate Street, with its many medieval half-timbered houses, was formerly the main road into the town from Norwich

Parish church[edit] The Market Place and surrounding area is dominated by the tower of the parish church of St Michael and All Angels, a fine example of Gothic architecture of the Decorated style. The small spire on top of the 98 ft (30 metre) tower is also a landmark that can be seen for miles around. The nave, aisles and chancel were built in the 13th century. The tower and ground floor of the south porch were added in the 14th century. The north transept was built under the patronage of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster
Duke of Lancaster
around 1380. An upper floor to the porch was added in 1488. The lower part of the rood screen survived the destruction visited by Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
and the Puritans, although some of the painted panels were disfigured. Transport and tourism[edit] The ancient but natural transport route for Aylsham
Aylsham
would have been the River Bure, but it was not open to substantial navigation. There was a scheme in the 18th century to widen the navigation from Coltishall
Coltishall
to Aylsham
Aylsham
and, after many difficulties, trading wherries from Great Yarmouth
Great Yarmouth
were able to reach a staithe at Aylsham. The final end for this scheme was the devastating flood of 1912. Road transport for Aylsham
Aylsham
was very important. It was the principal coaching point on the Norwich- Cromer
Cromer
road, and the meeting point for other roads. Each day the coaches from Cromer
Cromer
and Holt would draw up at the Black Boys, the main inn in Aylsham
Aylsham
market place. Coaching ended with the coming of the railways in the 1880s. There were many different plans for railways, but eventually two lines served Aylsham, with the town having both North and South stations until the 1950s. Aylsham
Aylsham
once had two railway stations, both now closed, Aylsham
Aylsham
South railway station (on the Great Eastern line between County School railway station, near North Elmham
North Elmham
and Wroxham) and the Aylsham
Aylsham
North railway station (on the M&GNJR line from Melton Constable
Melton Constable
to Yarmouth). Aylsham
Aylsham
is also the terminus for the Bure Valley Railway[3] (on the site of Aylsham
Aylsham
South railway station) The Bure Valley Railway
Bure Valley Railway
is a 15 in (381 mm) minimum gauge heritage railway which runs from Wroxham
Wroxham
to Aylsham
Aylsham
(9 miles or 14.5 kilometres) and is Norfolk's longest railway of less than standard gauge. The Tourist Information Centre
Tourist Information Centre
office is located adjacent to the Bure Valley Railway station. Local entertainment in the town includes concerts by the Aylsham
Aylsham
Band, which plays at venues in and around Aylsham; the Aylsham
Aylsham
Players who host one or two productions a year; and Aylsham
Aylsham
High School, which presents an annual school musical. Aylsham
Aylsham
is the terminus of the long distance footpaths, the Bure Valley Path (to Wroxham) and Marriott's Way
Marriott's Way
(to Norwich). Aylsham
Aylsham
also lies on the Weaver's Way, which passes Blickling
Blickling
Hall, the great country house in the care of the National Trust, which is about a mile and a half (2 km) from Aylsham. With its dramatic symmetrical front, flanked by two great yew hedges, Blickling Hall
Blickling Hall
is a fine example of a Jacobean brick-built manor house, and was the home of the young Anne Boleyn. Aylsham
Aylsham
was once noted for its spa, situated about half a mile south of the town, comprising a chalybeate spring, formerly used by those suffering from asthma and other chronic conditions. The annual Aylsham
Aylsham
Show features agricultural exhibits and takes place on August bank holiday Monday at nearby Blickling
Blickling
Park.[4] The town is located on the A140 road,[5] a route which runs between Ipswich
Ipswich
and Cromer, via Norwich. It is served by a half-hourly bus service to Norwich, Sheringham
Sheringham
and Holt. Aylsham
Aylsham
today[edit] Today Aylsham
Aylsham
remains well known for its twice-weekly market and its Monday auctions. It is a popular town for people working in Norwich, but remains an active local business centre in its own right, particularly in the support of agriculture. Today the town has a population of about 5,500, several local industries and still serves the needs of a wide area with twice weekly markets and a farmers' market on the morning of the first and third Saturday of each month. The Aylsham
Aylsham
Partnership was formed in 2001 to implement the Market Towns Initiative in Aylsham. The partnership included elected members of County, District and Parish/Town Councils in the Aylsham
Aylsham
County Council Division and representatives of other statutory bodies and community organisations. Aylsham
Aylsham
came fourth in the world in an international competition celebrating liveable communities, winning a Silver Award in category A (towns with a population up to 20,000) of the International Awards for Liveable Communities,[6] held in La Coruña, Spain
Spain
in November 2005. The Market Towns Initiative finished in 2004 but the partnership successfully bid for funding to take part in the Cittaslow
Cittaslow
pilot project and to sustain work on traffic management and heritage. As a result, Aylsham
Aylsham
became one of the founding towns, and the first in Norfolk, of the Cittaslow
Cittaslow
movement, an international organisation promoting the concept of 'Slow Towns' ("a Network of towns where Quality of Life is important").[7] It is claimed that Aylsham
Aylsham
did not have to change to become a member, as it was already a clear example of the type of community advocated by the Cittaslow
Cittaslow
movement. Aylsham
Aylsham
became Norfolk's first plastic-bag-free town on 3 May 2008,[8] although it proved difficult to continue implementation of the initiative owing to lack of support. Tesco's new store built from wood, recyclable plastic and other sustainable materials, and claimed to be the "greenest in the world" opened in the town July 2008.[9] Aylsham
Aylsham
Heritage Centre is located in a Victorian building within the grounds of St Michael's Church. Archives stored at the centre can be used to research the town's past.[10] Notable residents[edit] Thomas Hudson, a glover of Aylsham, is recorded as one of the Protestant martyrs condemned to death for his faith under the reign of Queen Mary, towards the end of her reign. He was burnt at the stake at the Lollard's Pit outside Bishopsgate, Norwich
Norwich
on 19 May 1558.[11] Sir Jerome Alexander
Jerome Alexander
(died 1670), a High Court judge in Ireland, noted for his exceptional severity, attended the local school c. 1600. A plaque on the wall of Barclays Bank
Barclays Bank
in the Market Place commemorates Christopher Layer
Christopher Layer
(born 1683), who was a militant Jacobite and supporter of Prince Charles Edward Stuart, the 'Young Pretender'. He was tried for high treason and hanged at Tyburn in London in 1723. Nearby, a plaque commemorates Joseph Thomas Clover
Joseph Thomas Clover
(1825–82), the father of modern anaesthetics, who was born above a shop overlooking the Market Place. Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
stayed in Aylsham
Aylsham
in 1732 and enjoyed a meal at the Black Boys Inn. Parson Woodforde, the famous Norfolk
Norfolk
diarist, also dined there in 1781, and Horatio Nelson, whose cousin lived in Aylsham, is said to have danced in the Assembly Room attached to the inn.[12] Clive Payne (1950–), former professional footballer for Norwich
Norwich
City and Bournemouth was born in Aylsham. Humphry Repton
Humphry Repton
(1752–1818), the landscape gardener who lived at nearby Sustead, is buried in St Michael's Churchyard, and his watercolours provide a fascinating record of the Market Place in the early 19th century. Kathleen Starling (1890–ca 1970) became an opera singer under the name of Kathleen Destournel. She sang at Covent Garden
Covent Garden
and entertained troops in North Africa during the Second World War, before moving to Arizona, USA until her husband's death after which she returned to Aylsham
Aylsham
to live with her sisters.[13] Nick Youngs (1959–) and his two sons, Ben (1989–) and Tom Youngs (1987–) were both brought up close to the town on their father's farm.[14] Youngs was a former rugby player for Leicester and England. Both sons went on to represent the national rugby union team. Gallery[edit]

Black Boys Inn

Aylsham
Aylsham
Town Hall

John Soame thatched water pump

River Bure
River Bure
downstream of the mill

Windmill

Twinning[edit] Aylsham
Aylsham
is twinned with

La Chaussée-Saint-Victor, Loir-et-Cher, France

and formerly had an informal connection with

Aylsham, Saskatchewan, Canada

See also[edit]

List of closed railway stations in Britain Aylsham
Aylsham
High School Cawston Road Mill, Aylsham

References[edit]

^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 November 2016.  ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk
Norfolk
County Council, 2001. Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved 2 December 2005. ^ Bure Valley Railway
Bure Valley Railway
website ^ The Aylsham
Aylsham
show Archived 31 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 5 August 2009 ^ County A to Z Atlas, Street & Road maps Norfolk, page 000 ISBN 978-1-84348-614-5 ^ International awards for Liveable Communities
Communities
finalists, 2005 Archived 13 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The first Cittaslow
Cittaslow
in Norfolk. Archived 2 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Cittaslow
Cittaslow
UK (Official Website). Retrieval Date: 10 February 2008. ^ Norfolk's First Plastic-bag Free Town. Retrieved: 30 March 2008 ^ Tesco
Tesco
news report Retrieved 26 July 2008 ^ The Aylsham
Aylsham
Heritage Centre Retrieved 4 November 2014 ^ Foxe's Book of Martyrs: 376. William Seaman, Thomas Carman, and Thomas Hudson. Exclassics.com. Retrieved on 30 May 2013 ^ Black Boys Inn history Retrieved 4 November 2014 ^ Kathleen Destournel Retrieved 13 April 2010 ^ News item Retrieved 21 September 2012

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aylsham.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aylsham.

Information from Genuki Norfolk
Norfolk
on Aylsham Aylsham
Aylsham
in the Domesday Book

v t e

Ceremonial county of Norfolk

Boroughs or districts

Breckland Broadland Great Yarmouth King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk North Norfolk Norwich South Norfolk

Major settlements

Acle Attleborough Aylsham Cromer Dereham Diss Downham Market Fakenham Gorleston Great Yarmouth Hingham Holt Hunstanton King's Lynn Loddon North Walsham Norwich Redenhall with Harleston Reepham Sheringham Sprowston Stalham Swaffham Thetford Thorpe St Andrew Watton Wells-next-the-Sea Wymondham See also: List of civil parishes in Norfolk

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lost settlements Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills

v t e

Civil parishes of Broadland

Acle Alderford Attlebridge Aylsham Beeston St Andrew Beighton Belaugh Blickling Blofield Booton Brampton Brandiston Brundall Burgh and Tuttington Buxton with Lammas Cantley Cawston Coltishall Crostwick Drayton Felthorpe Foulsham Freethorpe Frettenham Great and Little Plumstead Great Witchingham Guestwick Hainford Halvergate Haveringland Hellesdon Hemblington Hevingham Heydon Honingham Horsford Horsham St Faith and Newton St Faith Horstead with Stanninghall Lingwood and Burlingham Little Witchingham Marsham Morton on the Hill Old Catton Oulton Postwick with Witton Rackheath Reedham Reepham Ringland Salhouse Salle South Walsham Spixworth Sprowston Stratton Strawless Strumpshaw Swannington Taverham Themelthorpe Thorpe St Andrew Upton with Fishley Weston Longville Woodbastwick Wood Dalling Wroxham

See also Breckland Great Yarmouth King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk North Nor

.