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Armagh
Armagh
(/ɑːrˈmɑː/ ar-MAH; from Irish Ard Mhacha /ɑɾd̪ˠˈwaxə/, meaning 'Macha's height') is the county town of County Armagh
County Armagh
and a city in Northern Ireland, as well as a civil parish. It is the ecclesiastical capital of Ireland – the seat of the Archbishops of Armagh, the Primates of All Ireland for both the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church and the Church of Ireland. In ancient times, nearby Navan Fort
Navan Fort
(Eamhain Mhacha) was a pagan ceremonial site and one of the great royal capitals of Gaelic Ireland. Today, Armagh
Armagh
is home to two cathedrals (both named after Saint Patrick) and the Armagh Observatory, and is known for its Georgian architecture. Although classed as a medium-sized town,[3] Armagh
Armagh
was given city status in 1994 and Lord Mayoralty status in 2012, both by Queen Elizabeth II. It had a population of 14,749 people in the 2011 Census,[4] making it the least-populated city in Ireland and the fourth smallest in the United Kingdom.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Foundation 1.2 Medieval era 1.3 Modern era

2 Demography

2.1 2011 Census 2.2 2001 Census

3 Climate 4 Notable buildings 5 City centre regeneration 6 Administration 7 Education

7.1 Primary 7.2 Post-primary

8 Transport 9 Sport 10 Townlands 11 Notable people 12 Companies and organisations 13 Annalistic references 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

History[edit]

St. Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh
Armagh
(Church of Ireland), site of the original church

Scotch Street, c.1900

Open-air market on Market Street

Foundation[edit] Eamhain Mhacha (or Navan Fort), at the western edge of Armagh, is believed to have been an ancient pagan ritual or ceremonial site. According to Irish mythology
Irish mythology
it was one of the great royal sites of Gaelic Ireland
Gaelic Ireland
and the capital of Ulster. It appears to have been largely abandoned after the 1st century. In the 3rd century, a ditch and bank was dug around the top of Cathedral Hill, the heart of what is now Armagh. Its circular shape matches the modern street layout. Evidence suggests that it was a pagan sanctuary and the successor to Navan.[5] Like Navan, it too was named after the goddess Macha – Ard Mhacha means "Macha's height". This name was later anglicised as Ardmagh,[6][7] which eventually became Armagh. After Christianity spread to Ireland, the pagan sanctuary was converted into a Christian one, and Armagh
Armagh
became the site of an important church and monastery. According to tradition, Saint Patrick founded his main church there in the year 457, and it eventually became the "ecclesiastical capital" of Ireland. Saint Patrick
Saint Patrick
was said to have decreed that only those educated in Armagh
Armagh
could spread the gospel. According to the Annals of the Four Masters:

Ard Mhacha was founded by Saint Patrick, it having been granted to him by Daire, son of Finnchadh, son of Eoghan, son of Niallan. Twelve men were appointed by him for building the town. He ordered them, in the first place, to erect an archbishop's city there, and a church for monks, for nuns, and for the other orders in general, for he perceived that it would be the head and chief of the churches of Ireland in general.

Medieval era[edit] In 839 and 869, the monastery in Armagh
Armagh
was raided by Vikings. As with similar raids, their goal was to acquire valuables such as silver, which could often be found in churches and monasteries. The Book of Armagh
Book of Armagh
came from the monastery. It is a 9th-century Irish manuscript now held by Trinity College Library
Trinity College Library
in Dublin
Dublin
(ms 52). It contains some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish. Brian Boru
Brian Boru
is believed to be buried in the graveyard of the St. Patrick's Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
cathedral. After having conquered the island during the 990s, he became High King of Ireland
High King of Ireland
in 1002, until his death in 1014. In 1189, John de Courcy, a Norman knight who had invaded Ulster
Ulster
in 1177, plundered Armagh.[8] Modern era[edit] Armagh
Armagh
has been an educational centre since the time of Saint Patrick, and thus it has been referred to as "the city of saints and scholars". The educational tradition continued with the foundation of the Royal School in 1608, St Patrick's College in 1834 and the Armagh Observatory in 1790. The Observatory was part of Archbishop Robinson's plan to have a university in the city. This ambition was finally fulfilled, albeit briefly, in the 1990s when Queen's University of Belfast
Belfast
opened an outreach centre in the former hospital building. Three brothers from Armagh
Armagh
died at the Battle of the Somme
Battle of the Somme
during World War I. None of the three has a known grave and all are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme. A fourth brother was wounded in the same attack. On 14 January 1921, during the Irish War of Independence, a Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) sergeant was assassinated by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Armagh. He was attacked with a grenade as he walked along Market Street and later died of his wounds.[9] On 4 September 1921, republican leaders Michael Collins and Eoin O'Duffy addressed a large meeting in Armagh, which was attended by up to 10,000 people.[10] During the Troubles in Armagh, the violence was substantial enough for the city to be referred to by some as "Murder Mile".[11] Over the span of 20 years, 24 individuals were killed in 13 different incidents. Demography[edit] 2011 Census[edit] In the 2011 Census Armagh
Armagh
had a population of 14,749 people (5871 households).[4] On Census day in 2011:

64.9% were from a Catholic
Catholic
background and 27.0% were from a Protestant background

2001 Census[edit] Armagh
Armagh
had a population of 14,590 at the time of the 2001 Census, of whom:

68.3% were from a Catholic
Catholic
community background; 30.2% were from a Protestant
Protestant
or other Christian community background; 11.6% were born outside Northern Ireland; and 1.0% were from an ethnic group other than white.

Climate[edit] Armagh, like most of Ireland, has a temperate maritime climate (Cfb) according to the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system. The nearest Met Office
Met Office
standard weather station, at Armagh
Armagh
Observatory, provides long term weather data back to 1844. During that time, the highest temperature to be recorded was 30.3 °C (86.5 °F) on 10 July 1934.[12] The lowest temperature was −15.1 °C (4.8 °F) on 7 February 1895.[13] Typically, the warmest day of the year will reach 26.1 °C (79.0 °F),[14] and 3.7 days a year should attain a maximum temperature of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above.[15] Typically the coldest night of the year should fall to −6.8 °C (19.8 °F)[16] and 40.4 nights should register an air frost.[17] All averages refer to the 1981–2010 observation period.

Climate data for Armagh
Armagh
Weather Observing Station 1981–2010, extremes 1844–

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.7 (58.5) 15.9 (60.6) 21.7 (71.1) 22.6 (72.7) 26.2 (79.2) 30.0 (86) 30.3 (86.5) 29.4 (84.9) 26.7 (80.1) 21.7 (71.1) 16.8 (62.2) 15.0 (59) 30.3 (86.5)

Average high °C (°F) 7.4 (45.3) 8.1 (46.6) 10.2 (50.4) 12.6 (54.7) 15.6 (60.1) 18 (64) 19.7 (67.5) 19.3 (66.7) 16.9 (62.4) 13.4 (56.1) 10 (50) 7.7 (45.9) 13.3 (55.9)

Average low °C (°F) 1.9 (35.4) 1.6 (34.9) 3.1 (37.6) 4.3 (39.7) 6.7 (44.1) 9.6 (49.3) 11.7 (53.1) 11.4 (52.5) 9.5 (49.1) 6.8 (44.2) 3.9 (39) 2.1 (35.8) 6.1 (43)

Record low °C (°F) −14.3 (6.3) −15.1 (4.8) −12.4 (9.7) −7.1 (19.2) −2.3 (27.9) 0.8 (33.4) 1.7 (35.1) 2.3 (36.1) −0.6 (30.9) −5.6 (21.9) −8.3 (17.1) −14.6 (5.7) −15.1 (4.8)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 74.5 (2.933) 54 (2.13) 65.6 (2.583) 57.6 (2.268) 57.8 (2.276) 58.4 (2.299) 62.7 (2.469) 76.3 (3.004) 68.1 (2.681) 85.5 (3.366) 74.6 (2.937) 77.1 (3.035) 812.2 (31.981)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.4 69 96.6 142.6 173.5 144.2 137.0 133.3 113.9 90.2 58.5 40.3 1,245.5

Source: [18]

Notable buildings[edit]

St. Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh
Armagh
(Roman Catholic)

Armagh
Armagh
is the site of two cathedrals, both on hills and both named after Saint Patrick. The Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
cathedral dates back to around 445. The present-day, post-Reformation, Roman Catholic cathedral was constructed during the latter half of the 19th century and features twin 64m spires, making it the tallest such structure in the county. Armagh
Armagh
is one of the few cities in the world which is home to two cathedrals of the same name. Armagh
Armagh
has a Georgian area of heritage importance. Perhaps one of the more well known of the buildings is the former women's prison.[19] The construction of Armagh
Armagh
Gaol began in 1780 and was extended in the 1840s and 1850s. The front façade of the prison was built in the Georgian style, while the later development, based on the design of Pentonville (HM Prison), is Victorian.[19] For most of its working life it was a women's prison although not exclusively so. Armagh
Armagh
Gaol was the primary women's prison in Northern Ireland. In 1986 the prison closed and its prisoners were transferred to the new prison at Maghaberry.[19] The city is home to the Armagh
Armagh
Observatory, founded in 1790, and to the Armagh
Armagh
Planetarium, established in 1968 to complement the research work of the Observatory. The palace of the Archbishop of Armagh
Armagh
is now the local council offices and, along with the archbishop's private chapel, is open to the public. The Palace Stables heritage centre is a reconstructed stable block dating from the 18th century, which was once part of the Archbishop's estate. Among the city's chief glories is Armagh
Armagh
Public Library on Abbey Street. It was founded in 1771 by Archbishop Richard Robinson (later Lord Rokeby), using his own library as its nucleus.[20] It is especially rich in 17th- and 18th-century books in English, including Dean Jonathan Swift's own copy of the first edition of his Gulliver's Travels with his manuscript corrections. Armagh
Armagh
Market House was built in 1815 as a two-storey five-bay building, and is currently used as a library. Armagh County Museum
Armagh County Museum
is the oldest county museum in Ireland.[21] The building dates from 1833 and was originally a school house. It was opened as the County Museum in 1937.

Armagh
Armagh
Prison 

Market House 

Armagh
Armagh
Public Library 

Courthouse 

Armagh
Armagh
County Museum 

Armagh
Armagh
Planetarium 

The Mall, looking toward the First Presbyterian Church and Gospel Hall 

City centre regeneration[edit]

The Marketplace Theatre and Arts Centre

To combat the problem of a diminishing city centre and to address the concerns of local people, Armagh City and District Council
Armagh City and District Council
decided to upgrade the surfaces and general appearance of the main shopping areas. The scheme aims to deal with the many issues raised by the public and businesses over recent years. It will regenerate the centre of Armagh, transforming it into a high-quality pedestrian-friendly environment. The ineffective pedestrian area in Market Street will be opened officially to vehicles. The scheme will provide wider footpaths, pedestrian crossings and disabled parking throughout the city centre to improve safety and accessibility. As well as these new street layouts the appearance of the city centre will be enhanced by new lighting, paving, seating, bins and greenery. The use of quality stone materials, public art projects and feature lighting will contribute to the overall effect and present the city's famous architecture at its best. A shop frontage scheme will be launched toward the end of the street development project. The scheme includes eleven streets: Market Street, Thomas Street, Ogle Street, Scotch Street, Dobbin Street, Dobbin Street Lane, Barrack Street, McCrum's Court, Upper English Street, Russell Street, Ogle Street and Linenhall Street. The £5m Armagh
Armagh
City Centre Regeneration Scheme is funded by Armagh City and District Council, the Department for Social Development, Transport NI
Transport NI
and the Arts Council of Northern Ireland. Administration[edit]

Former City Hospital, later Queen's University campus, Abbey Street

The city is run by Armagh
Armagh
City and District Council, headquartered in Armagh, which covers a larger area than just the city, but not the entire county. Together with part of the district of Newry
Newry
and Mourne, it forms the Newry
Newry
& Armagh
Armagh
constituency for elections to the Westminster Parliament
Westminster Parliament
and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly. The Member of Parliament is Mickey Brady
Mickey Brady
of Sinn Féin. He won the seat in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
general election, 2015. The five members of the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly are Megan Fearon, Cathal Boylan, Conor Murphy (all members of Sinn Féin), Justin McNulty of the SDLP
SDLP
and William Irwin of the DUP. The Lord Mayor of Armagh
Armagh
is Gareth Wilson. The Southern Education and Library Board
Southern Education and Library Board
and the Southern Health and Social Services Board have their headquarters in the city, which has a long reputation as an administrative centre. The secretariat of the North/South Ministerial Council
North/South Ministerial Council
is based in Armagh, and consists jointly of members of the civil services of both Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland. Armagh
Armagh
is the seat of both the Church of Ireland
Church of Ireland
Archbishop of Armagh and the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Archbishop of Armagh, both of whom hold the position of Primate of All Ireland for their respective denominations. Education[edit]

Former houses on Charlemont Place, beside The Mall, now occupied by the Southern Education & Library Board

Primary[edit]

Armstrong Primary School Christian Brothers Primary School Armagh The Drelincourt Primary School Dromintee
Dromintee
Primary School Drumhillery Primary School Mount St Catherine's Primary School The Royal School Preparatory School Saints and Scholars Integrated Primary School St. Malachy's Primary School St. Patrick's Primary School

Post-primary[edit]

City of Armagh
Armagh
High School The Royal School, Armagh St. Patrick's Grammar School, Armagh St. Catherine's College, Armagh Southern Regional College[22]

Transport[edit] The Ulster
Ulster
Railway linked Armagh
Armagh
with Belfast
Belfast
in 1848 and Monaghan
Monaghan
in 1858.[23] The Newry and Armagh Railway
Newry and Armagh Railway
(N&A) opened in 1864 and the Castleblayney, Keady and Armagh Railway
Castleblayney, Keady and Armagh Railway
(CK&A) was completed in 1910.[23] In 1876 the Ulster
Ulster
Railway became part of the new Great Northern Railway (GNR), which took over the N&A in 1879 and the CK&A in 1911.[24] The Armagh
Armagh
rail disaster, which killed 80 people, occurred on 12 June 1889 on the N&A line near Armagh.[25][26] The partition of Ireland in 1922 hastened the railways' decline, and the GNR closed the Keady – Castleblayney section of the CKA in 1923.[27] The GNR withdrew passenger trains from the Armagh – Keady
Keady
section of the CKA in 1922 and closed the Armagh – Markethill
Markethill
section of the N&A in 1933.[27] The Government of Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
forced the GNR Board to close all remaining lines serving Armagh railway station
Armagh railway station
on 1 October 1957: the goods branch from Armagh
Armagh
to Keady
Keady
and the main line through Armagh
Armagh
from Portadown as far as the border at Glaslough
Glaslough
on the way to Monaghan.[27][28] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Railways train services run from Portadown
Portadown
to Belfast Great Victoria Street and the cross-border Enterprise service runs via Newry
Newry
to Dublin
Dublin
Connolly. Poyntzpass
Poyntzpass
also has a limited service. Government Minister for the Department for Regional Development, Danny Kennedy MLA has indicated plans to restore the railway from Armagh station to Portadown.[29] Sport[edit]

Armagh's Mall is home to the Armagh
Armagh
Cricket
Cricket
Club, and has also staged international matches.

Armagh
Armagh
City Football Club, which plays in the NIFL Championship is the main association football club, and the City of Armagh
Armagh
Rugby Club is the local rugby club. Lisanally Rangers F.C. is another football team, playing in the Mid- Ulster
Ulster
Football League. Gaelic football
Gaelic football
is represented by Armagh
Armagh
Harps and Pearse Ógs. The local GAA handball club is Eugene Quinn's, named after a player from the Armagh
Armagh
area who died on an attempted swim from Tory Island
Tory Island
to the coast of Donegal. The local hurling club is Armagh
Armagh
Cúchulainns. In 2004 the Royal School, Armagh
Armagh
became only the second team in history to win both the schools' rugby and hockey cups in the same year. The Mall in Armagh
Armagh
has a long association with cricket, and is the location of the Armagh Cricket Club clubhouse. Armagh
Armagh
Athletics Club was founded in 1969. The club organises the Armagh
Armagh
International 5k Road Race annually. The race was first organised in 1980 and takes place every February with athletes coming from England, Scotland, Wales, continental Europe and the United States. Townlands[edit] Armagh
Armagh
is within the civil parish of Armagh. Like the rest of Ireland, this parish has long been divided into townlands, whose names mostly come from the Irish language. Over time, more townlands have been built upon and they have lent their names to many streets, roads and housing estates. In 1830, most of Armagh's urban townlands were amalgamated (for administration) and became known as Corporation Lands or simply Corporation.[30] However, the surrounding townlands remained as separate units and they were eventually built upon too. They are listed below alongside their likely etymologies.[6][31]

Aghamoat (from Irish Achadh Mochta, meaning 'Mochta's field') Ballynahone Beg (from Baile [Beag] na hAbhann meaning "[small] townland of the river") – part of Lisnadill
Lisnadill
parish Ballynahone More (from Baile [Mór] na hAbhann meaning "[large] townland of the river") Cargagh (from Cairgeach meaning "rocky land") Cavanacaw (from Cabhán na Cáithe meaning "hollow of the chaff") Drumadd (from Druim-fhad meaning "long ridge") Drumarg (from Druim Arg meaning "ridge of the chests" or Druim Fhairig meaning "ridge of the feasting/hospitality") Drumman More (from an Drumainn meaning "the ridge") Killuney (from Cill Lughna meaning "Lughna's church") Legarhill or Mullaghcreevie (from Mullach Craoibhe meaning "hilltop of the branch") Lurgyvallen (from Lorg Uí Mhealláin meaning "Ó Mhealláin's track") Mullynure (from Mullach an Iubhair meaning "hilltop of the yew") – part of Grange parish Parkmore (from Páirc Mhór meaning "great field") Tullyelmer (from Tulaigh Giolla Mura meaning "Giolla Mura's mound") Umgola (origin uncertain but probably includes the element -gabhla meaning "forks")

Notable people[edit] Only people who are sufficiently notable to have individual entries on have been included in the list and, in each instance, their birth or residence has been verified by citations.

Robert Alexander Anderson (mayor) (1858–1916) – mayor of Vancouver, Canada Tom Boyd, Irish professional golfer, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1888[32] Daragh Carville, playwright and screenwriter, whose works include Cherrybomb, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1969[33] Moses Harvey, clergyman and naturalist, famous for studies of the Giant Squid, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1820[34] Patrick Magee, actor and director known for his collaborations with Samuel Beckett
Samuel Beckett
and Harold Pinter, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1922[35] Saint Malachy
Saint Malachy
of Armagh
Armagh
was born there in 1094[36] Seamus McGarvey, Academy Award
Academy Award
nominated cinematographer (Atonement, Anna Karenina), was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1967[37] Colin Morgan, actor, known for playing the lead role in Merlin,[38] was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1986[39] Ian Paisley, politician, founder of the Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
and First Minister of Northern Ireland, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1926[40] Thomas Romney Robinson
Thomas Romney Robinson
(1792–1882) – astronomer Christopher Vokes, Major General, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1904[41] Charles Wood, composer, was born in Armagh
Armagh
in 1866[42]

Companies and organisations[edit] In April 2013, the Belfast
Belfast
Telegraph released a list of top 100 companies in Northern Ireland. Armagh-based Moy Park topped the list which was generated based on total employment numbers and annual revenues. Other companies in the list include Tesco, J. Sainsbury, HCL Armagh, Marks and Spencer, and Bank of Ireland.[43][44] Annalistic references[edit]

The remains of Armagh's Franciscan friary

See Annals of Inisfallen
Annals of Inisfallen
(AI)

AI715.2 Flann.Febla, abbot of Ard Macha, rested. AI729.1 Kl. Repose of Suibne, abbot of Ard Macha. AI750.1 Kl. Repose of Congus, abbot of Ard Macha. AI768.3 Repose of Feradach son of Suibne, abbot of Ard Macha. AI772.2 Suibne, abbot of Ard Macha, [rested]. AI791.1 Kl. Cú Dínisc son of Cú Ásaig, abbot of Ard Macha, rested. AI793.1 Dub dá Leithe, abbot of Ard Macha, rested. AI794.1 Kl. Airechtach, abbot of Ard Macha, [rested]. AI795.3 Repose of Faendledach Bec, abbot of Ard Macha. AI807.1 Kl. Connmach son of Dub dá Leithe, abbot of Ard Macha, rested. AI808.1 Kl. Taicthech grandson of Tigernán, lector of Ard Macha, rested. AI834.1 Kl. Eógan, bishop of Ard Macha, rested. AI845.2 Forannán, abbot of Ard Macha, was carried off by the heathens from Cluain Comarda, and the shrine of Pátraic was broken and carried off by them. AI846.1 Kl. Niall son of Aed, king of Temuir, was drowned in the Calann, i.e. a river beside Ard Macha. AI852.2 Forannan and Diarmait, abbots of Ard Macha, fell asleep. AI852.2 Repose of Cathasach, abbot of Ard Macha. AI874.1 Kl. The third feria [Tuesday], ninth of the moon. Féthgna, abbot of Ard Macha, rested in Christ. AI883.2 Repose of Cathasach, abbot of Ard Macha. AI888.3 Repose of Mael Coba son of Crunnmael, abbot of Ard Macha. AI893.1 First after Bissextile. Kl. Repose of Mochta, bishop of Ard Macha. AI924.2 Muiredach son of Domnall, abbot of Mainister Búiti and tanist-abbot of Ard Macha, rested. AI927.1 Kl. Repose of Mael Brigte son of Tornán, abbot of Ard Macha and abbot of Í Coluim Chille. AI936.1 Kl. Repose of Ioseph, abbot of Ard Macha; and Mael Pátraic succeeded him in the abbacy. AI966.2 Repose of Muiredach son of Fergus, abbot of Ard Macha. AI973.3 Dub dá Leithe, coarb of Patrick, came to Mumu and made his visitation; and he and the coarb of Ailbe
Ailbe
quarrelled regarding the levy, and Mathgamain, king of Mumu, made peace between them, and they agreed upon the perpetual right of [the coarb of] Patrick. AI996.4 Ard Macha
Macha
was set on fire by lightning, which did not leave unburnt a steeple therein, nor a house, nor the house of an elder inside the fort. AI996.5 Dub dá Leithe, coarb of Ard Macha
Macha
(or, of Patrick) and coarb of Colum Cille, rested in Christ. AI1001.2 Muirecán, abbot of Ard Macha, was expelled from his abbot's seat, and Mael Maire took the abbacy instead. AI1005.5 Repose of Eochaid ua Flannacáin, historian of Ard Macha. AI1020.3 Mael Muire son of Eochaid, coarb of Patrick, rested in Christ. AI1020.4 Ard Macha
Macha
was burned, both stone-church and bellhouse, and all the buildings. AI1026.3 The coarb of Patrick, accompanied by his venerable clerics, and Donnchadh son of Gilla Pátraic, king of Osraige, [were] in the house of Donnchad, son of Brian, at Cenn Corad at Eastertide. AI1029.8 Flaithbertach Ua Néill, on his pilgrimage to Ard Macha.

See also[edit]

Book of Armagh List of towns in Northern Ireland List of villages in Northern Ireland Market houses in Northern Ireland

References[edit]

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Dublin
City University Archived 9 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Chronology of Irish History 1919 – 1923: January 1921 ^ Dublin
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City University Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.. Chronology of Irish History 1919 – 1923: September 1921 ^ Blanche, Ed (6 January 1985). "Irish Police Face Peril of 'Murder Mile'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 February 2016.  ^ "Daily Maximum Temperatures". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ "Daily Minimum Temperatures". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ "Annual average warmest day". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ ">25c days". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ ">Annual average coldest night". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ ">Annual average frost incidence". Retrieved 22 September 2011.  ^ "Climate averages 1981–2010". Met Office. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2013.  ^ a b c Kerr, Robert: Three Gaols: Images of Crumlin Road, Long Kesh and Armagh
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train disaster remembered 125 years on". BBC News. Retrieved 2 November 2014.  ^ a b c Hajducki, op. cit., map 39 ^ Baker, Michael H. C. (1972). Irish Railways since 1916. London: Ian Allan. pp. 153, 207. ISBN 0-7110-0282-7.  ^ "Kennedy has rail hopes for Armagh
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line restoration". Portadown Times. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 24 August 2014.  ^ "Illustrations of Townlands in Maps". Celebrating Ulster's Townlands. Ulster
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Catholic
Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 9. Retrieved 25 May 2013.  ^ "Cinematographer Seamus McGarvey
Seamus McGarvey
Public Interview". Irish Film and Television Network. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ McCaughan, Peter (14 November 2011). " Colin Morgan
Colin Morgan
Parks Up In Belfast". Film. Culture Northern Ireland. Retrieved 9 February 2016.  ^ "Merlin: a new 13-part drama series on BBC One". BBC. Retrieved 1 September 2008.  ^ McCrystal, Cal (18 September 1994). "Paisley: A blast from the past?..." The Independent. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ Morton, Desmond: Foot, Richard (13 December 2016). "Christopher Vokes". The Canadian Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 14 February 2017. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Wood, Charles (WT888C)". A Cambridge
Cambridge
Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ "Northern Ireland's Top 100 Companies – BelfastTelegraph.co.uk".  ^ "Co Armagh
Armagh
company tops NI 'biggest' list!". Armagh
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i. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Armagh.

Visit Armagh Armagh, City of at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Online Guide to Armagh
Armagh
City

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Armagh.

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1 not an administrative city

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Northern Ireland

Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry

v t e

Geography of County Armagh

List of places in County Armagh

Cities and towns

Armagh Craigavon Lurgan Newry
Newry
(part) Portadown

Villages and townlands

Acton Aghacommon Annaghmore Annahugh Ardress Aughanduff Ballydugan Ballymacnab Bannfoot Belleeks Bessbrook Blackwatertown Broomhill Camlough Carrickaness Charlemont Cladymore Clonmore Collegeland Corrinshego Creeveroe Creggan Crossmaglen Cullaville Cullyhanna Darkley Derryadd Derrycrew Derryhale Derrymacash Derrynoose Derrytrasna Dorsey Drumnacanvy Drumintee Edenaveys Forkill Granemore Hamiltonsbawn Jonesborough Keady Kernan Killeen Killylea Kilmore Lislea Lisnadill Loughgall Loughgilly Madden Maghery Markethill Meigh Middletown Millford Millvale Mountnorris Mullaghbawn Mullaghbrack Mullaghglass Mullavilly-Laurelvale Newtowncloghoge Newtownhamilton Poyntzpass Richhill Scotch Street Silverbridge Tandragee Tartaraghan The Birches Tullynawood Tynan Whitecross

Landforms

Coney Island Derrywarragh Island Eamhain Mhacha Lough Clea Slieve Gullion/Ring of Gullion

Baronies

Armagh Fews Lower Fews Upper Oneilland East Oneilland West Orior Lower Orior Upper Tiranny

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