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Arecibo
Arecibo
(Spanish pronunciation: [aˈɾesiβo]) is a municipality on the northern coast of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(U.S.), on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, located north of Utuado
Utuado
and Ciales; east of Hatillo; and west of Barceloneta and Florida. It is about 50 miles (80 km) west of San Juan, the capital city. Arecibo
Arecibo
is the largest municipality in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
by area, and is part of the San Juan, Caguas
Caguas
and Guaynabo
Guaynabo
Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is spread over 18 wards and Arecibo
Arecibo
Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). Its population in 2010 was 96,440. Arecibo
Arecibo
is also known as La Villa del Capitán Correa (Captain Correa's Villa) after the Puerto Rican hero Captain Antonio de los Reyes Correa of the Spanish Army, who drove off a British Navy invasion by ambushing forces led by rear-admiral William Whetstone. Arecibo
Arecibo
is also known as El Diamante Del Norte (The Diamond of the North) and La Ribera del Arecibo
Arecibo
(The Bank of the Arecibo). The Arecibo
Arecibo
Observatory, until July 2016 the world's largest radio telescope, is located here. Arecibo
Arecibo
is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Arecibo.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cityscape

3.1 Barrios

4 Tourism

4.1 Landmarks and places of interest

5 Culture

5.1 Festivals and events 5.2 Sports 5.3 Radio stations

6 Economy

6.1 Business 6.2 Industrial

7 Demographics 8 Government 9 Symbols

9.1 Flag 9.2 Coat of arms

10 Transportation 11 Education 12 Notable people 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] When the Spanish arrived, they found the area occupied by the indigenous Taíno, led by Xamaica Arasibo, Cacique
Cacique
(chief) of the yucayeque (town) then named Abacoa. Spanish colonists settled Arecibo
Arecibo
in 1556, which they named for the cacique. It was their third settlement on the island, after Caparra (which later became San Juan), and San German. It is named after the cacique. Arecibo
Arecibo
was officially founded as a city by the Spanish crown on May 1, 1616, under the governorship of Captain Felipe de Beaumont y Navarra, when the King of Spain
King of Spain
granted the land (and the Taino living there) to Lope Conchillos.[citation needed] This gave the city its nickname "La Villa del Capitan Correa". For some time the island was competed for by other European powers. On August 5, 1702, Captain Antonio de los Reyes Correa, a member of the Spanish Army, successfully defended Arecibo
Arecibo
from a British Navy invasion led by rear-admiral William Whetstone. Commanding two British Navy ships and 40 men, Whetstone tried to take control of the city. Correa ambushed his forces, killing 22 British seamen and driving them off. The Spanish defenders suffered only one death and three wounded soldiers. In 1778, Arecibo, by royal decree, was awarded the "Villa" status, though it was not integrated as such until 1802. In 1850 it was awarded the "Muy Leal" (very loyal). Over time, large part of its territory became separate municipalities. These include Manati, Barceloneta, Florida, Utuado, Jayuya, Hatillo, Camuy, Quebradillas
Quebradillas
and Isabela. In 1982, it was promoted to city status, though it continued to be affectionately by its previous nickname. Geography[edit] Arecibo
Arecibo
is located in the Northern Coastal Plain region of Puerto Rico, extending inland into the Karst region. It lies south of the Atlantic Ocean; north of Utuado; east of Hatillo; and west of Barceloneta and Florida. The city occupies an area of 127 square miles (330 km2), of which, 45.23 sq mi (117.1 km2), is water.[3] The Rio Grande de Arecibo
Rio Grande de Arecibo
is the main river in the municipality, running through the middle of it. South of the municipality, in the karst region, it forms the Dos Bocas Lake, a primary source of water for Northern Puerto Rico. Several rivers feed the Rio Grande, including the Tanama River. East of the river, lies Caño Tiburones, an important marshland area that provides habitat for many kinds of birds and wildlife. Arecibo
Arecibo
has two forest reserves. Cambalache State Forest is located along the Barceloneta city limits, while Rio Abajo State Forest is located between Arecibo
Arecibo
and Utuado. Caves include Cueva Ventana, which overlooks a valley formed by the Rio Grande de Arecibo, and La Cueva del Indio (Cave of the Indian), where paintings made by prehistoric indigenous peoples have been seen. Climate[edit] Tropical monsoon climate, occasionally also known as a tropical wet climate or tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate in climate classification, is a relatively rare type of climate. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Am". (Tropical Monsoon Climate).[4]

Climate data for Arecibo, Puerto Rico

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 84 (29) 84 (29) 86 (30) 87 (31) 88 (31) 90 (32) 90 (32) 90 (32) 90 (32) 90 (32) 88 (31) 88 (31) 87.9 (31)

Average low °F (°C) 65 (18) 64 (18) 65 (18) 66 (19) 69 (21) 70 (21) 71 (22) 71 (22) 70 (21) 70 (21) 68 (20) 66 (19) 67.9 (20)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.6 (117) 3.1 (79) 2.8 (71) 3.8 (97) 5.8 (147) 4.0 (102) 3.8 (97) 4.5 (114) 5.1 (130) 5.2 (132) 6.1 (155) 5.8 (147) 54.5 (1,384)

Source: Weatherbase[5]

Cityscape[edit] Barrios[edit]

Arecibo
Arecibo
Pueblo[6] Arenalejos Arrozal Bajadero Cambalache Carreras Domingo Ruíz Dominguito Esperanza Factor Garrochales Hato Abajo Hato Arriba Hato Viejo Islote Jarealitos Miraflores Río Arriba Sabana Hoyos Santana Tanamá

Tourism[edit] Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Cathedral of Saint Philip the Apostle

Cathedral of Saint Phillip Apostle

Arecibo
Arecibo
is one of the oldest colonial towns in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(1616). Among its historic buildings is the Cathedral of Saint Phillip Apostle, built beginning in the late 18th century. The first church, built in the middle of the 17th century, was destroyed by an earthquake in 1787. Construction of its replacement began soon after, although it was not completed until 1846. Four days after its dedication, an earthquake seriously damaged it. Repairs were not completed until 1882. The 1918 earthquake damaged the vault so badly that it was replaced by a flat concrete roof; a vaulted ceiling of composition board was placed inside. The cathedral of Arecibo
Arecibo
is Puerto Rico's second-largest church after the Cathedral of San Juan. The plan is rectangular with three naves; the side naves are cut short to allow large flanking chapels, which occupy almost half the length of the church. The apse is semicircular, and has an unusual half-dome covering it. The facade is a triangular composition of three stages. The top stage, a short central tower, is a later addition, according to local architects and historians. Neoclassic ornamentation is used in an academic fashion on the lowest stage, but the other two show a less traditional use of bands and pilasters. The Renaissance-style windows are uncommon in Puerto Rican churches, but the central tower over the entrance is a common motif used throughout the island.

City Hall

City Hall

The City Hall, built in 1866, served as jail to revolutionaries of El Grito de Lares in 1868. In the 1918 earthquake, the frontal section of the building was destroyed. When repairs were made, a tower and clock were added to the building. In 1978, the building was restored to its original form. The City Hall of Arecibo
Arecibo
is typical of these regional seats of government. It is relatively modest in size, of stuccoed masonry, with an academically correct composition, having a pedimented center pavilion which projects slightly. The lower story is rusticated, with arched openings; the three doorways in the center giving the effect of a loggia. The upper windows all have segmental pediments and balconies; the central trio share one long balcony. Architectural detailing is modest, but the building is graceful and charming.

Punta Los Morrillos Lighthouse

In 1898 the Spaniards built the Arecibo
Arecibo
Lighthouse. It was automated in 1964 and is still in use. A small park, Arecibo
Arecibo
Lighthouse and Historical Park, has been established around it.

Arecibo
Arecibo
Observatory

The Arecibo Observatory
Arecibo Observatory
is the largest single-unit radio telescope ever constructed and one of the world's most powerful radar-radio telescopes. The observatory's purpose is to support scientific studies. It has attracted several Hollywood
Hollywood
directors who have filmed there; most recently GoldenEye
GoldenEye
and Contact. The radio telescope was used in 1974 to send the Arecibo message
Arecibo message
to space.

Cambalache Forest Reserve

Punta los Morrillos lighthouse

Edificio Oliver, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places

Forest between Arecibo
Arecibo
and Barceloneta.

Casa Ulanga

Originally a residence built by Spanish immigrant Francisco Ulanga, it has served multiple uses. It was later used as a bank, store, city hall of Arecibo, hospital, jail, tribunal, and is now operated as the Arecibo
Arecibo
Cultural Center.

Cueva del Indio

Cueva del Indio from the air, 1967

Archeological site
Archeological site
where Taíno drawings can be found.

Christopher Columbus statue

The "Birth of the New World" (depicts Christopher Columbus); Arecibo.[7][8] 295 ft (90 m). The work of Russian sculptor Zurab Tsereteli. When completed, it will be the tallest statue in the Americas.

Dos Bocas Lake

Reservoir located between the municipalities of Arecibo
Arecibo
and Utuado.

Paseo Victor Rojas (Victor Rojas Walk)

Also known as Paseo de Damas or simply El Fuerte, it was built in 1881 where Fort San Miguel's ruins once were.

Manuel "Petaca" Iguina Coliseum

Home of the Arecibo Captains
Arecibo Captains
basketball team.

Beaches

Nearby beaches include Los Morillos, Los Negritos, Poza del Obispo, and Las Tunas.

Museum of Art and History of Arecibo

Shows art from local artists and shows the city's history. Also nearby (18°29′N 66°26′W / 18.483°N 66.433°W / 18.483; -66.433) is a facility for launching sounding rockets. Since 1966 many rockets of the Nike Apache, Nike Javellin, Nike Iroquois, Nike Tomahawk, Black Brant, Taurus Orion, and Terrier Orion types have been launched from this facility. Culture[edit] Festivals and events[edit]

Bicycle Competitions – January Arecibo
Arecibo
Carnival – February Festival de paracaidismo de Puerto Rico[9] (Freefall festival of Puerto Rico) – February Patron Festivities San Felipe Apóstol – May Playero Festival – July Folklore Festival – July Craftsman Fair – September Ceti Festival – November Puerto Rico's Flag Centennial – December Yesenia Montero's Horse festival – December

Sports[edit] Arecibo
Arecibo
has two professional sports franchises, the Lobos de Arecibo in baseball and the Capitanes de Arecibo
Capitanes de Arecibo
in BSN basketball. The Lobos won the 1983 national baseball championship and the 1983 Caribbean World Series, the only time the franchise won both titles. At that time, they had MLB prospect Dickie Thon, then also of the Houston Astros, on their roster. Thon then suffered a life-threatening and career-affecting eye injury during an Astros game in 1984. The Lobos won a championship again in 1996. The Capitanes won their first ever championship in 1959. After that, the Capitanes have not had much luck in their basketball tournaments, but in 2002, they started to turn things around, reaching the semifinals. However, they lost the series to the Vaqueros by losing four straight games, after having a 3–0 game lead in the series. The Capitanes won the National Superior Basketball
National Superior Basketball
championship on 2005 beating the Vaqueros of Bayamón in four games. This was the first championship in 46 years. In 2007 they got to the finals, losing in the overtime on the seventh game of the series against Los Cangrejos de Santurce. In 2008 Arecibo
Arecibo
won the tournament championship again, against the Gigantes of Carolina. In 2010, they won again against Los Vaqueros of Bayamon. Radio stations[edit]

WCMN-FM
WCMN-FM
– Hot 102 107.3 FM (re-transmitter) WCMN-AM – NotiUno 1280 AM WNIK-FM – Super K 106 FM WNIK-AM – Radio Unica WMIA-AM – MIA Radio Arecibo
Arecibo
1070 AM [10]

Economy[edit] Business[edit] Arecibo's main shopping mall is Plaza del Atlantico as well as the one situated in the neighboring town of Hatillo, Plaza del Norte. Industrial[edit] Arecibo
Arecibo
is home to Fortune 500 corporations such as Merck, General Electric. Other important companies are Thermo King Corporation, Eaton, Los Cidrines, Expressway Eco Printing, and Arecibo
Arecibo
Tropical Flag. Demographics[edit] The municipality of Arecibo
Arecibo
is 60.24% white (of European descent), 26.23% mixed (multi-racial, including European, African and Native American, as individuals self-identify), 9.7% black (African-Puerto Rican descent), and 3.8% Asian (south Asian or east Asian).[citation needed] The majority of the population is mostly of Spanish descent, but there has been intermmarriage with more recent groups from other parts of Europe. with some having Middle Eastern, French, Italian, American or of other descent. People who are multi-racial may also have ancestors more than one of the European groups, and among more than one African nation as well. Ethnic Asians are mostly from India and China. Government[edit] See also: Mayoralty in Puerto Rico All municipalities in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Arecibo
Arecibo
is Carlos Molina, of the New Progressive Party (PNP). He was elected at the 2012 general elections. The city belongs to the Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Senatorial district III, which is represented by two Senators. In 2008, José Emilio González and Angel Martínez were elected as District Senators.[11] Symbols[edit] Flag[edit] The flag of Arecibo
Arecibo
derives its composition and colors from the coat of arms of the city. It is divided vertically in two equal parts. The left side is blue having a belt that stands for "Captain Correa", a local military hero from Spanish times. The right side is made up of blue and yellow diamonds alternating in a checkerboard pattern referring to the coat of arms of Felipe de Beaumont y Navarra governor of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
(1614–1620) and founder of the city. The crown represents The Cacique
Cacique
(chieftain) Arasibo
Arasibo
(Fransico Jamaica Arasibo). The turtles represent the ancientness of the city (the third city of Puerto Rico) also because of the indigenous people of the region and that the hunting of turtles was a source of wealth. The towers were a form to describe the population of a settlement. Three towers represent a municipality, four towers represent a village, and five towers represent a city. Coat of arms[edit] The shield is divided by diagonal lines in golden and blue rhombuses with a blue stripe in the superior part, in which resides an opened five-point crown and which is adorned with drawings characterizing the art of the Taínos. The people of Arecibo
Arecibo
also honored Captain Antonio de los Reyes Correa by including a gold colored belt in their coat of arms with the words "Muy Leal", which means "Very Faithful", in representation of Correa.[12] This combination of symbols represents the Indian Cacique
Cacique
(Chieftain) from whom the population's name derives, the governor that erected the town and the hero Captain Correa who defended the town from a British invasion. Transportation[edit] Arecibo
Arecibo
has a small noncommercial airport, named Antonio (Nery) Juarbe Pol Airport, which currently has no commercial airline flights. PR-22
PR-22
(unsigned Interstate PR-2) passes through the city, but bypasses downtown. Downtown can be accessed via PR-2, PR-10
PR-10
and PR-129. Education[edit] Arecibo
Arecibo
is home to several public and private schools distributed through several regions. Public education is handled by the State Department of Education. There are also several colleges and universities located in the city. Some of them are:

University of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
at Arecibo Interamerican University of Puerto Rico Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico Universidad del Este

It also has several other technical institutions like the National College of Business and Technology and the ICPR Junior College. Notable people[edit] The following is a list of notable people from Arecibo:

Antonio de los Reyes Correa
Antonio de los Reyes Correa
– military hero Arasibo
Arasibo
– Taino Cacique Cayetano Coll y Cuchí
Cayetano Coll y Cuchí
– the first President of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
House of Representatives Cayetano Coll y Toste
Cayetano Coll y Toste
– historian Delma S. Arrigoitia
Delma S. Arrigoitia
– author Edna Coll – educator Francisco Gonzalo Marín
Francisco Gonzalo Marín
– poet who fought for Cuba's independence Isabel Cuchí Coll – journalist José Coll y Cuchí
José Coll y Cuchí
– politician; founder of Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Luisa Capetillo
Luisa Capetillo
– union leader/civil rights activist Manuel Zeno Gandía
Manuel Zeno Gandía
– author María Cadilla
María Cadilla
– educator Melba Acosta – Secretary of Treasury of PR Myrta Silva – singer René Marqués
René Marqués
– playwright

Due to space limitations it is almost impossible to list all of the people of Arecibo
Arecibo
who have distinguished themselves, and therefore a category has been created to this effect: See also: Category:People from Arecibo, Puerto Rico See also[edit]

Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
portal Geography portal

Roman Catholic Diocese of Arecibo

References[edit]

^ a b "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2013-11-01.  ^ Demographics/Ethnic U.S. 2000 census ^ "Arecibo, Puerto Rico". Topuertorico.org. 1947-03-31. Retrieved 2013-11-01.  ^ Climate Summary ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on May 8, 2013. ^ http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/arecibo.pdf ^ (in Spanish) [1] ^ Sandra Caquías Cruz (2012-03-30). "La estatua de Colón llegará a Arecibo". El Nuevo Día
El Nuevo Día
(in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-06-08.  ^ http://www.elnuevodia.com/fotogaleria-festivaldeparacaidismoenarecibo-1450412.html/1[permanent dead link] ^ Official web page of WMIA (AM) ^ Elecciones Generales 2008: Escrutinio General Archived 2011-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. on CEEPUR ^ Arecibo

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arecibo.

Arecibo
Arecibo
and its barrios, United States
United States
Census Bureau, 2000 Welcome to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
Arecibo Arecibo Observatory
Arecibo Observatory
Home

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arecibo, Puerto Rico.

v t e

 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

San Juan (capital)

Metropolitan areas

Aguadilla–Isabela–San Sebastián Fajardo Guayama Mayagüez Ponce San Germán–Cabo Rojo San Juan–Caguas–Guaynabo Yauco

Municipalities

Adjuntas Aguada Aguadilla Aguas Buenas Aibonito Añasco Arecibo Arroyo Barceloneta Barranquitas Bayamón Cabo Rojo Caguas Camuy Canóvanas Carolina Cataño Cayey Ceiba Ciales Cidra Coamo Comerío Corozal Culebra Dorado Fajardo Florida Guánica Guayama Guayanilla Guaynabo Gurabo Hatillo Hormigueros Humacao Isabela Jayuya Juana Díaz Juncos Lajas Lares Las Marías Las Piedras Loíza Luquillo Manatí Maricao Maunabo Mayagüez Moca Morovis Naguabo Naranjito Orocovis Patillas Peñuelas Ponce Quebradillas Rincón Río Grande Sabana Grande Salinas San Germán San Juan San Lorenzo San Sebastián Santa Isabel Toa Alta Toa Baja Trujillo Alto Utuado Vega Alta Vega Baja Vieques Villalba Yabucoa Yauco

Islands

Cardona Culebra Desecheo Gatas Cayo Icacos Caja de Muertos Isla de Cabras Isla de Jueyes Isla de Ratones, Cabo Rojo Isla de Ratones, Ponce Isleta de San Juan Isla del Frío Isla de Mona Monito Morrillito Puerto Rico Vieques

Geography

Flamenco Beach Mayagüez Bay San Juan B

.