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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to ancient India:

ANCIENT INDIA – India
India
as it existed from pre-historic times (c. 7000 BCE or earlier) to the start of the Middle Ages (c. 500 CE).

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography of ancient India
India

* 2 General history of ancient India
India

* 2.1 Periodisation of Indian history * 2.2 Indian pre-history * 2.3 Iron Age (c. 1200 – 272 BCE) * 2.4 Second Urbanisation * 2.5 Classical Age * 2.6 Middle Ages (c. 500 – 1500)

* 3 Culture in ancient India
India

* 3.1 Art in ancient India
India
* 3.2 Language in ancient India
India
* 3.3 Religion in ancient India
India

* 4 Science and technology in ancient India
India

* 5 Organizations concerned with ancient India
India

* 5.1 Museums with ancient Indian exhibits

* 6 Publications about ancient India
India
* 7 Scholars who have written about ancient India
India
* 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Sources * 12 External links

GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT INDIA

* Ancient Indian cities

GENERAL HISTORY OF ANCIENT INDIA

Further information: Timeline of Indian history

PERIODISATION OF INDIAN HISTORY

INDIAN PRE-HISTORY

* Neolithic Age India
India
Mehrgarh
Mehrgarh
culture (c. 7000 – 3300 BCE)

* Bronze Age India
India

* Indus valley civilization (c. 3300 – 1300 BCE)

An elaborate periodisation may be as follows:

* Indian pre-history including Indus Valley Civilisation
Indus Valley Civilisation
(until c. 1750 BCE); * Iron Age including Vedic period (c. 1750-600 BCE); * "Second Urbanisation" (c. 600-200 BCE); * Classical period (c. 200 BCE-1200 CE);

* Pre-Classical period (c. 200 BCE-320 CE); * "Golden Age" (Gupta Empire) (c. 320-650 CE); * Late-Classical period (c. 650-1200 CE);

* Medieval period (c. 1200-1500 CE); * Early Modern (c. 1500-1850); * Modern period (British Raj and independence) (from c. 1850).

IRON AGE (C. 1200 – 272 BCE)

* Iron Age India
India
(c. 1200 – 272 BCE)

* Vedic civilization (c. 2000 – 500 BCE)

* Black and red ware culture
Black and red ware culture
(c. 1300 – 1000 BCE) (c. 1200 – 600 BCE) * Northern Black Polished Ware
Northern Black Polished Ware
(c. 700 – 200 BCE)

* Indian Iron Age kingdoms (c. 700 – 300 BCE) * Pandyan Kingdom (600 BCE - 1650 CE)

SECOND URBANISATION

* Nanda Empire (425–321 BCE) * Maurya Empire
Maurya Empire
(321–184 BCE)

* Sangam Period (c. 300 BCE – 300 CE)

* Pandyan Kingdom (c. 600 BCE – 1650 CE) * Chera Kingdom (c. 300 BCE – 1102 CE) * Chola Kingdom (c. 300 BCE – 1279 CE)

* Pallava Kingdom (250 BCE – 800 CE) * Maha-Megha-Vahana Empire (250s BCE – 5th century CE) * Satavahana Empire (230 BCE – 220 CE) * Indo-Scythian Kingdom (200 BCE – 400 CE) * Kuninda Kingdom (3rd century BCE – 4th century CE) * Shunga Empire (185–73 BCE) * Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BCE – 10 CE) * Kanva empire (75–26 BCE) * Kushan Empire (30–375 CE)

CLASSICAL AGE

* (Middle kingdoms of India
India
) * Gurjara-Pratihara Empire * Vakataka Empire * Chola Empire
Chola Empire
* Pala Empire * Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire
(280–550 CE)

* Kadamba dynasty
Kadamba dynasty
(345–1000 CE)

* Banavasi
Banavasi
* Halasi * Hangal
Hangal

MIDDLE AGES (C. 500 – 1500)

* Badami Chalukyas (547–742)

* Badami Chalukya architecture * Aihole
Aihole
* Badami
Badami
* Pattadakal * Mahakuta

* Rashtrakuta Empire (742–982)

* Ellora
Ellora
* Kailash Temple

* Eastern Chalukyas

* Western Chalukyas (983–1185)

* Western Chalukya architecture * Mahadeva Temple at Itagi * Lakkundi
Lakkundi
* Chaudayyadanapura * Annigeri

* Chaulukya * Kalachuris of Kalyani * Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri

* Hoysala Empire (1114–1342)

* Belur
Belur
* Halebidu * Somanathapura

* Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
(1336–1565)

* Hampi
Hampi

CULTURE IN ANCIENT INDIA

ART IN ANCIENT INDIA

* Music in ancient India
India

* Carnatic music * Hindustani music

LANGUAGE IN ANCIENT INDIA

* Vedic sanskrit * Proto-Dravidian

* Scripts

* Tamil Brahmi * Pallava Script * Gupta script

RELIGION IN ANCIENT INDIA

* History of Hinduism

* Exotic tribes of ancient India
India

* Historical Vedic religion

* Vedas
Vedas
* Vedic mythology
Vedic mythology
* Vedic priesthood

* History of Buddhism

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN ANCIENT INDIA

* Science and technology in ancient India
India

* Indian mathematics * Indian astronomy * List of Indian inventions

* Indian martial arts

* Malla-yuddha * Kalaripayattu

* Ancient Indian medicine

* Siddha medicine * Ayurveda
Ayurveda

* Architecture

* Dravidian architecture
Dravidian architecture
* Mughal architecture

* Indian in Sanskrit epics

ORGANIZATIONS CONCERNED WITH ANCIENT INDIA

MUSEUMS WITH ANCIENT INDIAN EXHIBITS

* India
India

* Goa State Museum * Government Museum, Bangalore * Kutch Museum * National Museum, New Delhi * Patna Museum

* United Kingdom

* British Museum
British Museum

PUBLICATIONS ABOUT ANCIENT INDIA

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SCHOLARS WHO HAVE WRITTEN ABOUT ANCIENT INDIA

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SEE ALSO

* Media related to Ancient India
India
at Wikimedia Commons

NOTES

* ^ Different periods are designated as "classical Hinduism":

* Smart calls the period between 1000 BCE and 100 CE "pre-classical". It is the formative period for the Upanishads and Brahmanism Jainism and Buddhism. For Smart, the "classical period" lasts from 100 to 1000 CE, and coincides with the flowering of "classical Hinduism" and the flowering and deterioration of Mahayana-buddhism in India. * For Michaels, the period between 500 BCE and 200 BCE is a time of "Ascetic reformism", whereas the period between 200 BCE and 1100 CE is the time of "classical Hinduism", since there is "a turning point between the Vedic religion and Hindu religions". * Muesse discerns a longer period of change, namely between 800 BCE and 200 BCE, which he calls the "Classical Period". According to Muesse, some of the fundamental concepts of Hinduism, namely karma, reincarnation and "personal enlightenment and transformation", which did not exist in the Vedic religion, developed in this time.

_Subnotes_

* ^ Smart distinguishes "Brahmanism" from the Vedic religion, connecting "Brahmanism" with the Upanishads.

REFERENCES

* ^ Stein 2010 , p. 38. * ^ Michaels 2004 . * ^ Smart 2003 , p. 52, 83-86. * ^ Smart 2003 , p. 52. * ^ Michaels 2004 , p. 36. * ^ Michaels 2004 , p. 38. * ^ Muesse 2003 , p. 14.

SOURCES

* Flood, Gavin D. (1996), _An Introduction to Hinduism_, Cambridge University Press * Khanna, Meenakshi (2007), _Cultural History Of Medieval India_, Berghahn Books * Kulke, Hermann; Rothermund, Dietmar (2004), _A History of India_, Routledge * Michaels, Axel (2004), _Hinduism. Past and present_, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press * Misra, Amalendu (2004), _Identity and Religion: Foundations of Anti-Islamism in India_, SAGE * Muesse, Mark William (2003), _Great World Religions: Hinduism_ * Muesse, Mark W. (2011), _The Hindu Traditions: A Concise Introduction_, Fortress Press * Smart, Ninian (2003), _Godsdiensten van de wereld (The World's religions)_, Kampen: Uitgeverij Kok * Stein, Burton (2010), _A History of India_, John Wiley & Sons * Thapar, Romila (1978), _Ancient Indian Social History: Some Interpretations_ (PDF), Orient Blackswan

EXTERNAL LINKS

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