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The Info List - Alexander Sokurov

Alexander Nikolayevich Sokurov, PAR (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Соку́ров; born 14 June 1951) is a Russian filmmaker. His most significant works include a feature film, Russian Ark
Russian Ark
(2002), filmed in a single unedited shot, and Faust (2011), which was honoured with the Golden Lion, the highest prize for the best film at the Venice Film Festival.[1]

Contents

1 Life and work 2 Filmography

2.1 Feature films 2.2 Other works 2.3 Awards

3 References 4 Sources 5 External links

Life and work[edit] Sokurov was born in Podorvikha, Irkutsk Oblast, in Siberia, into a military officer's family. He graduated from the History Department of the Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod
University in 1974 and entered one of the VGIK studios the following year. There he became friends with Tarkovsky and was deeply influenced by his film Mirror. Most of Sokurov's early features were banned by Soviet authorities. During his early period, he produced numerous documentaries, including The Dialogues with Solzhenitsyn and a reportage about Grigori Kozintsev's flat in St Petersburg. His film Mournful Unconcern was nominated for the Golden Bear at the 37th Berlin International Film Festival
37th Berlin International Film Festival
in 1987.[2] Mother and Son (1997) was his first internationally acclaimed feature film. It was entered into the 20th Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Special
Special
Silver St. George.[3] It was mirrored by Father and Son (2003), which baffled the critics with its implicit homoeroticism (though Sokurov himself has criticized this particular interpretation).[4] Susan Sontag
Susan Sontag
included two Sokurov features among her ten favorite films of the 1990s, saying: "There’s no director active today whose films I admire as much."[5] In 2006, he received the Master of Cinema Award of the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg. Sokurov is a Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
regular, with four of his movies having debuted there. However, until 2011, Sokurov didn't win top awards at major international festivals. For a long time, his most commercially and critically successful film was the semi-documentary Russian Ark
Russian Ark
(2002), acclaimed primarily for its visually hypnotic images and single unedited shot. Sokurov has filmed a tetralogy exploring the corrupting effects of power. The first three installments were dedicated to prominent 20th-century rulers: Moloch (1999), about Hitler, Taurus (2000), about Lenin, and The Sun (2004) about Emperor Hirohito. In 2011, Sokurov shot the last part of the series, Faust, a retelling of Goethe's tragedy. The film, depicting instincts and schemes of Faust
Faust
in his lust for power, premiered on 8 September 2011 in competition at the 68th Venice International Film Festival.[6] The film won the Golden Lion, the highest award of the Venice Festival.[1] Producer Andrey Sigle said about Faust: "The film has no particular relevance to contemporary events in the world—it is set in the early 19th century—but reflects Sokurov's enduring attempts to understand man and his inner forces."[7] The military world of the former USSR is one of Sokurov’s ongoing interests, because of his personal connections to the subject and because the military marked the lives of a large part of population of the USSR. Three of his works, Spiritual Voices: From the Diaries of a War, Confession, From the Commander’s Diary and Soldier’s Dream revolve around military life. Confession has been screened at several independent film festivals, while the other two are virtually unknown.[8] In 1994 Sokurov accompanied Russian troops to a post on the Tajikistan-Afghanistan border. The result was Spiritual Voices: From the Diaries of a War, a 327-minute cinematic meditation on the war and the spirit of the Russian army. Landscape photography
Landscape photography
is featured in the film, but the music (including works by Mozart, Messiaen and Beethoven) and the sound are also particularly important. Soldiers' jargon and the combination of animal sounds, sighs and other location sounds in the fog and other visual effects give the film a phantasmagorical feel. The film brings together all the elements that characterize Sokurov's films: long takes, elaborate filming and image processing methods, a mix of documentary and fiction, the importance of the landscape and the sense of a filmmaker who brings transcendence to everyday gestures.[8] On the journey from Russia
Russia
to the border post, in the film, fear never leaves the faces of the young soldiers. Sokurov captures their physical toil and their mental desolation, as well as daily rituals such as meals, sharing tobacco, writing letters and cleaning duties. There is no start or end to the dialogues; Sokurov negates conventional narrative structure. The final part of the film celebrates the arrival of the New Year, 1995, but the happiness is fleeting. The following day, everything remains the same: the endless waiting at a border post, the fear and the desolation.[8] In Confession: From the Commander’s Diary, Sokurov films officers from the Russian Navy, showing the monotony and lack of freedom of their everyday lives. The dialogue allows us to follow the reflections of a Ship Commander. Sokurov and his crew went aboard a naval patrol ship headed for Kuvshinka, a naval base in the Murmansk
Murmansk
region, in the Barents Sea. Confined within the limited space of a ship anchored in Arctic waters, the team filmed the sailors as they went about their routine activities.[8] Soldier's Dream is another Sokurov film that deals with military themes. It contains no dialogue. This film actually came out of the material edited for one of the scenes in part three of Spiritual Voices. Soldier's Dream was screened at the Oberhausen Film Festival in Germany in 1995 – when Spiritual Voices was still at the editing stage – as Sokurov's homage to the art critic and historian Hans Schlegel, in acknowledgement of his contributions in support of Eastern European filmmakers.[8] He suffers from severe eyesight problems.[9] During a December 2016 meeting of the Council for Culture and Arts Sokurov appealed to President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
to reconsider the verdict of filmmaker Oleh Sentsov
Oleh Sentsov
(which Putin refused).[10] Filmography[edit] See also: Category:Films directed by Alexander Sokurov. Feature films[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes

Director Writer

1987 Mournful Unconcern Yes

produced in 1983

1987 The Lonely Voice of Man Yes Yes produced in 1979

1988 Days of Eclipse Yes

1989 Save and Protect Yes

1990 The Second Circle Yes

1992 The Stone Yes

1994 Whispering Pages Yes Yes

1997 Mother and Son Yes

1999 Moloch Yes

2001 Taurus Yes

also cinematographer

2002 Russian Ark Yes Yes

2003 Father and Son Yes

2005 The Sun Yes

also cinematographer

2007 Alexandra Yes Yes

2011 Faust Yes Yes

2015 Francofonia Yes Yes

Other works[edit]

The Degraded (Разжалованный, 1980) Sonata for Viola. Dmitri Shostakovitch (1981) Empire (Ампир, 1986) Elegy (1986) And Nothing More (1987) Evening Sacrifice (1987) Patience of Labour (1987) Maria (Peasant Elegy) (1988) Sonata for Hitler (1989) Moscow Elegy (1988) Petersburg Elegy (1990) Soviet Elegy (1990) To The Events In Transcaucasia (1990) A Simple Elegy (1990) A Retrospection of Leningrad (1957–1990) (1990) An Example of Intonation (1991) Elegy from Russia
Russia
(1992) Soldier's Dream (1995) Spiritual Voices (1995) Oriental Elegy (1996) Hubert Robert. A Fortunate Life (1996) A Humble Life (1997) The St. Petersburg Diary: Inauguration of a monument to Dostoevsky (1997) The St. Petersburg Diary: Kosintsev's Flat (1998) Confession (1998) The Dialogues with Solzhenitsyn (1998) dolce… (1999) Elegy of a Voyage (2001) The St. Petersburg Diary: Mozart. Requiem (2004) Elegy of a life: Rostropovich, Vishnevskaya (2006)

Awards[edit]

Locarno International Film Festival, Bronze Leopard (The Lonely Voice of Man, 1987) Moscow International Film Festival, FIPRESCI Award (out of competition, The Lonely Voice of Man, 1987) Berlin International Film Festival, Award of the Forum special programme (Days of Eclipse, 1989) International Film Festival Rotterdam, FIPRESCI Award, KNF Award (Elegy, A Simple Elegy, 1991) State Prize of the Russian Federation
State Prize of the Russian Federation
(Mother and Son, 1997) State Prize of the Russian Federation
State Prize of the Russian Federation
(Moloch, Taurus, 2001) Russian Guild of Film Critics Prize for Best Director (Taurus, 2001) Nika Award for Best Director and Best Picture (Taurus, 2001) Toronto International Film Festival, IFC Vision Award (Russian Ark, 2002) São Paulo International Film Festival, Special
Special
Award for Lifetime Achievements (2002) Cannes Film Festival, FIPRESCI Award (Father and Son, 2003) Argentine Film Critics Association, The Silver Condor Award (Russian Ark, 2004) Yerevan International Film Festival, Golden Apricot for Best Picture (The Sun, 2005) Locarno International Film Festival, Leopard of Honour for Lifetime Achievements (2006) Venice Film Festival, Robert Bresson Award for spiritual search and promotion of human culture (2007) Venice Film Festival, Golden Lion
Golden Lion
for Best Picture (Faust, 2011) FEST, Belgrade Winner Award for his lifetime contribution to the art of film (2015) International Film Festival of Kerala, Lifetime Achievement Award for his lifetime contribution to world cinema (2017)

References[edit]

^ a b Vivarelli, Nick (2011-09-10). "'Faust' wins Golden Lion
Golden Lion
at Venice". Variety. Retrieved 2011-09-10.  ^ "Berlinale: 1987 Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-03-01.  ^ " 20th Moscow International Film Festival (1997)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-22.  ^ "Sokurov's From Russia
Russia
With Man-Love", by Fernando F. Croce, CinePassion.org ^ The Second Circle and The Stone 2000» March. JonathanRosenbaum.net. Retrieved on 2011-09-13. ^ " Faust
Faust
– Aleksander Sokurov". labiennale.org. Venice Biennale. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2011-09-07.  ^ Holdsworth, Nick (2009-05-12). "'Faust' finishes Russian 'trilogy'". Variety. Retrieved 2011-01-25.  ^ a b c d e Spiritual Voices Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona. Original text licensed CC BY-SA by MACBA ^ Geoffrey Macnab, "Shot in the dark", Sydney Morning Herald, 11 January 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2016 ^ Putin on revision of Sentsov verdict: "Appropriate conditions should ripen", UNIAN (2 December 2016)

Sources[edit]

The Cinema of Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(Kino – The Russian Cinema), ed. by Birgit Beumers and Nancy Condee, London: Tauris I B, 2011

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Sokurov.

Sokurov's home page Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
on IMDb The Island of Sokurov Stephen M. Norris, Russia
Russia
Beyond the Headlines, 23 December 2009

v t e

Films directed by Alexander Sokurov

Fiction films

The Degraded Empire The Lonely Voice of Man Mournful Unconcern Days of Eclipse Save and Protect The Second Circle Stone Whispering Pages Mother and Son Moloch Taurus Russian Ark Father and Son The Sun Alexandra Faust Two Brothers and a Sister Francofonia

Documentaries

Sonata for Viola. Dmitri Shostakovitch Elegy And Nothing More Evening Sacrifice Patience of Labour Maria Moscow Elegy Sonata for Hitler Petersburg Elegy Soviet Elegy To The Events In Transcaucasia A Simple Elegy A Retrospection of Leningrad An Example of Intonation Elegy from Russia Soldier's Dream Spiritual Voices Oriental Elegy Hubert Robert. A Fortunate Life A Humble Life The St. Petersburg Diary: Inauguration of a monument to Dostoevsky The St. Petersburg Diary: Kosintsev's Flat Confession The Dialogues with Solzhenitsyn dolce... Elegy of a Voyage The St. Petersburg Diary: Mozart. Requiem Elegy of a life: Rostropovich, Vishnevskaya

v t e

European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award

  Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988)   Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1988)   Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1989)   Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1990)   Alexandre Trauner (1991)   Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1992)   Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1993)   Robert Bresson (1994)   Marcel Carné
Marcel Carné
(1995)   Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1996)   Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1997)   Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(1999)   Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(2000)   Monty Python
Monty Python
(2001)   Tonino Guerra
Tonino Guerra
(2002)   Claude Chabrol
Claude Chabrol
(2003)   Carlos Saura
Carlos Saura
(2004)   Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2005)   Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2006)   Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
(2007)   Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2008)   Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2009)   Bruno Ganz
Bruno Ganz
(2010)   Stephen Frears
Stephen Frears
(2011)   Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(2012)   Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(2013)   Agnès Varda
Agnès Varda
(2014)   Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2015)   Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(2016) Alexander Sokurov
Alexander Sokurov
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 61771756 LCCN: no95055206 ISNI: 0000 0001 2026 9742 GND: 121662985 SELIBR: 234800 SUDOC: 088520404 BNF: cb14470946n (data) NDL: 00516311 BNE: XX4876753 RKD: 232946 SN