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Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space SAS is a division of Airbus
Airbus
responsible for defence and aerospace products and services. The division was formed in January 2014 during the corporate restructuring of European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS), and comprises the former Airbus Military, Astrium, and Cassidian
Cassidian
divisions.[6] It is the world's second largest space company after Boeing
Boeing
and one of the top ten defence companies in the world.[7] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space has its corporate headquarters in Ottobrunn, Germany, and is led by Dirk Hoke, the Chief Executive Officer. The company has three divisions: Military Aircraft (led by Fernando Alonso), Space Systems (led by Nicolas Chamussy), and Communication-Intelligence-Security (led by Evert Dudok). With its presence in 35 countries, the company employs 40,000 people from 86 nationalities[8] and contributes to 21% of Airbus
Airbus
revenues.[9] In 2017 Airbus
Airbus
ranked 94th on the "Fortune Global 500" list, and was one of the "World's Most Admired Companies".[10]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation of EADS and expansion (1997–2008)

1.1.1 Airbus
Airbus
Military 1.1.2 Astrium 1.1.3 Cassidian

1.2 Post Merger (2013–present)

2 Organisation 3 Aircraft

3.1 Tankers and transport aircraft 3.2 Fighter and attack aircraft 3.3 Unmanned aerial vehicles 3.4 Experimental aircraft

4 Ballistic Missiles 5 Space Systems

5.1 Launchers 5.2 International Space Station 5.3 Space transportation 5.4 Astronomy and Cosmology Missions 5.5 Solar Observation Missions 5.6 Planetary Science Missions 5.7 Earth
Earth
observation Satellites 5.8 Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Satellites 5.9 Spaceplane 5.10 Rocket Engines 5.11 One Atlas

6 Sites 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Formation of EADS and expansion (1997–2008)[edit] Main article: Airbus

EADS logo (2000–2010)

EADS logo (2010–2013)

As early as 1995 the German aerospace and defence company DaimlerChrysler Aerospace
Aerospace
(DASA) and its British counterpart British Aerospace
Aerospace
were said to be eager to create a transnational aerospace and defence company.[11] The two companies envisaged including the French company Aérospatiale, the other major European aerospace company, but only after its privatisation.[12] The first stage of this integration was seen as the transformation of Airbus
Airbus
from a consortium of British Aerospace, DASA, Aérospatiale
Aérospatiale
and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA into an integrated company. However, the merger faltered, and British Aerospace
Aerospace
abandoned the DASA merger in favour of purchasing its British rival, Marconi Electronic Systems, the electronics division of General Electric Company. The merger of British Aerospace
Aerospace
and MES to form BAE Systems
BAE Systems
was announced on 19 January 1999 and completed on 30 November.[13][14] DASA and the Spanish aircraft company Construcciones Aeronáuticas
Construcciones Aeronáuticas
SA agreed to merge on 11 June 1999.[15] On 14 October 1999 DASA agreed to merge with Aérospatiale-Matra to create the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company.[16] 10 July 2000 was "Day One" for the new company which became the world's second-largest aerospace company after Boeing
Boeing
and the second-largest European arms manufacturer after BAE Systems.[17] In January 2001 Airbus
Airbus
Industrie was transformed from an inherently inefficient consortium structure to a formal joint stock company, with legal and tax procedures being finalised on 11 July.[18][19] On 16 June 2003 EADS acquired BAE's 25 % share in Astrium, the satellite and space system manufacturer, to become the sole owner. EADS paid £84 million, however due to the lossmaking status of the company BAE invested an equal amount for "restructuring".[20] It was subsequently renamed EADS Astrium, and had the divisions Astrium Satellites, Astrium
Astrium
Space Transportation and Astrium
Astrium
Services. On 1 July 2003 EADS Defence & Security Systems was founded with the merger of the activities of missile systems (LFK), defence electronics, military aircraft and telecommunications of the EADS Group. Tom Enders
Tom Enders
became the first CEO of the new division. Airbus
Airbus
Military[edit] Main article: Airbus
Airbus
Military

Airbus Military
Airbus Military
logo (2009–2013)

The predecessor company was established in January 1999 as the Airbus Military Company SAS to manage the Airbus
Airbus
A400M project, taking over from the Euroflag consortium. In May 2003, the company was restructured as Airbus Military
Airbus Military
Sociedad Limitada (AMSL) prior to the execution of the production contract. The Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTAD) was a division of EADS which designs, manufactures and commercialises EADS-CASA
EADS-CASA
light and medium transport aircraft, and headquartered in Madrid, Spain.[21] In 1999 was Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) in the EADS Group (European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company) incorporated. In Spain
Spain
it was still referred to as EADS-CASA. The EADS-CASA
EADS-CASA
division Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTA division) was also responsible for the development, production and sales of the leichten- and medium Transport and utility aircraft within the EADS Group. On 16 December 2008, EADS announced that the Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTA division) and Airbus Military SL (AMSL) as a new business unit in the Airbus
Airbus
SAS integrated. Airbus Military
Airbus Military
was formally created in April 2009 by the integration of the former Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTAD) and Airbus Military
Airbus Military
Sociedad Limitada (AMSL) into Airbus. The division manufactured tanker, transport and mission aircraft including Airbus A330 MRTT, Airbus
Airbus
A400M, CASA C-212 Aviocar, CASA/IPTN CN-235
CASA/IPTN CN-235
and EADS CASA C-295. After the merger, it also acquired the production of Eurofighter Typhoon, which was earlier under Cassidian. Eurocopter, which was earlier under Airbus
Airbus
Military, was reorganized as Airbus Helicopters. Astrium[edit] Main article: Astrium

Astrium
Astrium
logo (2010–2013)

Astrium
Astrium
was formed in 2000 by the merger of Matra Marconi Space (itself formed from French and British companies) with the space division of DaimlerChrysler Aerospace
Aerospace
AG and Computadores Redes e Ingeniería SA. Henceforth Astrium
Astrium
was a joint venture between EADS and BAE Systems. On 16 June 2003 the minority shareholder, BAE Systems, sold its 25% share to EADS, making EADS the sole shareholder. Astrium
Astrium
became EADS Astrium
Astrium
Satellites and in a wider restructuring became the major constituent of EADS Astrium, which also included EADS Astrium
Astrium
Space Transportation and EADS Astrium
Astrium
Services. In this restructuring the former Astrium
Astrium
Space Infrastructure division merged with EADS Launchers & Vehicles division to form EADS SPACE Transportation, which became later EADS Astrium
Astrium
Space Transportation. Also, Paradigm Secure Communications, initially created by Astrium
Astrium
in the frame of the Skynet 5
Skynet 5
contract for the UK Ministry of Defence became the major constituent of EADS SPACE Services. CASA Espacio became part of EADS Astrium
Astrium
on 1 January 2004. EADS Astrium
Astrium
was the sole shareholder of Infoterra Ltd. On 1 July 2006, the French subsidiary of EADS Astrium, EADS Astrium
Astrium
SAS, merged with other French subsidiaries of EADS Space (especially EADS Space Transportation). Cassidian[edit]

Cassidian
Cassidian
logo (2010–2013)

EADS Defence & Security Systems was founded on 1 July 2003. In it, the activities of missile systems (LFK-Lenkflugkörpersysteme GmbH), defence electronics, military aircraft and telecommunications of the EADS Group were merged. On 17 September 2010 the company name was changed to Cassidian, an amalgamation of the Latin words Cassida (helmet) and meridian, and focused on worldwide protection and security. Cassidian
Cassidian
was further subdivided into Missiles (missile systems), Defence Electronics
Electronics
(defence electronics, such as sensors, electronics and mission avionics), Cassidian
Cassidian
Air Systems (production and maintenance of military aircraft) Defence & Communication Systems (Defence and Communications Systems) and Services (military service). In 2012 a new division was incorporated as Cassidian CyberSecurity GmbH, headquartered in Ottobrunn. Post Merger (2013–present)[edit]

Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space logo (2013–2016)

Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space was formed in 2013 as a result of the merger of Astrium, Cassidian, and the Airbus Military
Airbus Military
divisions of European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) which was itself reorganized as Airbus.[22] On 1 January 2014, the parent company EADS was restructured as Airbus, comprising three subsidiary companies that include Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space, Airbus, and Airbus
Airbus
Helicopters.[23] On 16 September 2014, after a detailed and comprehensive portfolio assessment, Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space defined Space (Launchers & Satellites), Military Aircraft, Missiles and related Systems and Services as its future core businesses. Some business areas were identified as divestment candidates as they did not fit the strategic goals for the company. Under this plan, the commercial and para-public communication business (including Professional Mobile Radio and commercial satellite communications services activities) was divested. Subsidiaries and J.V. including Fairchild Communications, Rostock System-Technik, AVdef, ESG and Atlas Electronik were divested.[24] On 18 March 2016 the company decided to sell its devence electronics business (Defence Electronics) based in Ulm
Ulm
to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, a global investment firm with a wide-ranging portfolio including Hospital Corporation of America, NXP Semiconductors, TDC A/S, and Dollar General.[25] From January 1, 2017. the group reorganized under the brand name of "Airbus". The subsidiaries Airbus, Airbus
Airbus
Helicopters and Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space became operating divisions of the same company.[26]

Structural evolution of Airbus
Airbus
SE

v t e

18 December 1970 1 January 1992 10 July 2000 18 September 2000 January 2001 1 December 2006 1 April 2009 17 September 2010 17 January 2014 27 May 2015 1 January 2017 12 April 2017

    European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company NV Airbus
Airbus
Group NV Airbus
Airbus
Group SE Airbus
Airbus
SE   

Airbus
Airbus
Industrie GIE Airbus
Airbus
SAS  

  Airbus Military
Airbus Military
SAS Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space SAS   

    EADS Defence and Security Cassidian
Cassidian
SAS

    Astrium
Astrium
SAS EADS Astrium
Astrium
SAS

  Eurocopter
Eurocopter
SA Eurocopter
Eurocopter
SAS Airbus
Airbus
Helicopters SAS   

              

                       

Organisation[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space is structured into three Business Lines:

Military Aircraft (headed by Fernando Alonso) is responsible for fighter aircraft, airlifters, aerial refuelling tankers, and airborne warfare systems.

Global Strike Mobility Surveillance
Surveillance
and Engagement Missiles and Unmanned Airborne Systems

Space Systems (headed by Nicolas Chamussy) is responsible for Space exploration, Space Launch System, missile defence, satellites, other networking services and also the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) and Space Station
Space Station
programmes.

Information Solutions Strategic Missile and Defence Systems Network and Tactical Systems Space and Intelligence Systems Space Exploration

Communications, Intelligence and Security (headed by Evert Dudok) is responsible for providing intelligence to various governmental agencies.

Secure Communications Solutions for the Military, Government and Institutional players and users Bringing together trusted end-to-end secure solutions, utilising multiple bandwidth options combined with strong infrastructure expertise Airbus
Airbus
DS Communications - a North American public safety company that provides 9-1-1 Call Handling, Emergency Notification Systems, NG9-1-1 Call Routing Solutions, and Land Mobile Radio.

Aircraft[edit] Tankers and transport aircraft[edit]

Airbus
Airbus
A330 MRTT

Airbus
Airbus
A330 MRTT

The Airbus
Airbus
A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) is an aerial refuelling tanker aircraft based on the civilian Airbus
Airbus
A330. The A330 MRTT has been ordered by the Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force
(RAAF), Royal Air Force (RAF), United Arab Emirates Air Force, Royal Saudi Air Force and Republic of Singapore Air Force. The EADS/ Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
KC-45 was a version of the A330 MRTT proposed for the United States Air Force.

Airbus
Airbus
A400M Atlas

Airbus
Airbus
A400M Atlas

The Airbus
Airbus
A400M Atlas[27][28] is a multi-national, four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. It was designed by Airbus Military (now Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space) as a tactical airlifter with strategic capabilities to replace older transport aircraft, such as the Transall C-160
Transall C-160
and the Lockheed C-130 Hercules.[29] The A400M is positioned, in terms of size, between the C-130 and the C-17; it can carry heavier loads than the C-130, while able to use rough landing strips. Along with the transport role, the A400M can perform aerial refuelling and medical evacuation when fitted with appropriate equipment.

CASA C-212 Aviocar

The CASA C-212 Aviocar
CASA C-212 Aviocar
is a turboprop-powered STOL
STOL
medium transport aircraft designed and built by CASA in Spain
Spain
for civil and military use. C-212s are also produced under licence in Indonesia
Indonesia
by Indonesian Aerospace
Aerospace
(IAe), formerly called IPTN. The design was initially marketed under the name of Aviocar, but EADS-CASA
EADS-CASA
no longer uses that name in referring to the C-212.

CASA/ IPTN CN-235

CN-235M-100

The CASA/IPTN CN-235
CASA/IPTN CN-235
is a medium-range twin-engine transport aircraft that was jointly developed by Construcciones Aeronáuticas
Construcciones Aeronáuticas
SA (CASA) of Spain
Spain
and Indonesian manufacturer IPTN, as a regional airliner and military transport. Its primary military roles include maritime patrol, surveillance, and air transport. Its largest user is Turkey which has 59 aircraft.

EADS CASA
EADS CASA
C-295

C-295M

The EADS CASA C-295
EADS CASA C-295
is a twin-turboprop tactical military transport aircraft, and is currently manufactured by Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space in Spain. Fighter and attack aircraft[edit]

Eurofighter Typhoon

Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon
Eurofighter Typhoon
is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.[30][31] The Typhoon was designed and is manufactured by a consortium of Alenia Aermacchi, Airbus
Airbus
and BAE Systems
BAE Systems
that conducts the majority of the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH formed in 1986. NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency manages the project and is the prime customer.[32] Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Tracker Unmanned Aircraft Systems UAS

Tracker is a short-range mini UAS/UAV with two low noise electric engines. and can be operated by a two-man team. This fully automatic unmanned aircraft can be deployed in all weather conditions, flat terrain, mountainous areas or urban environments.

EADS Barracuda

Barracuda is a multi-sensor system, designed as a demonstrator for test missions such as fast reconnaissance, surveillance, targeting and battle damage assessment, and is used as a test bed for the technologies and procedures for future aerial systems.

EUROPEAN MALE RPAS

European HALE RPAS is a long-endurance aerial drone system designed for surveillance, reconnaissance and target acquisition. The main purpose of the European UAS is to provide wide-area ground and maritime surveillance along with reconnaissance of specific areas to assist commanders in the theatre of operations.

Euro Hawk

Euro Hawk was based on the RQ-4B Block 20/30/40 and was to be equipped with an Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space-built SIGINT package; it was intended to fulfill Germany's requirement to replace their aging Dassault- Breguet Atlantique
Breguet Atlantique
electronic surveillance aircraft of the Marineflieger
Marineflieger
(German Naval Air Arm). The EADS sensor package is composed of six wing-mounted pods;[33] reportedly these sensor pods could potentially be used on other platforms, including manned aircraft.

Euro Hawk

Airbus
Airbus
Zephyr

DVF 2000 VT MINI

DVF 2000 VT is a short-range mini UAS/UAV with a low noise electric motor. It is an unmanned aircraft especially suited for maritime and land surveillance.

KZO

The KZO is a tactical UAS with a powerful 2-stroke gasoline engine. It is an unmanned aircraft especially suited for high speed reconnaissance missions. The gathered information is immediately available and can quickly be distributed in the command structure.

HARFANG

Harfang is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance UAS for joint armed forces. It can fulfill a wide range of missions, from surveillance to sensitive peacekeeping. Harfang provides real-time information at each level of the operational chain and can be controlled either manually from the ground control station or autonomously.

ATLANTE

Tactical Unmanned Aerial System, ATLANTE ensures intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions by day and night for ground forces deployed in theatre. Experimental aircraft[edit]

ZEPHYR

The Airbus
Airbus
Zephyr is a series of lightweight solar-powered UAV originally designed and built in 2003 by the British company QinetiQ.[34] The development of the aircraft is ongoing and currently part of the Airbus
Airbus
High Altitude Pseudo- Satellite
Satellite
(HAPS) programme.[35] Ballistic Missiles[edit] In May 2016, Airbus
Airbus
and Safran agreed that their joint venture would work on upgrading the M51 submarine-launched ballistic missile to the M51.3 standard for the French Navy.[36] Space Systems[edit] Launchers[edit]

Ariane 4

Ariane 5

Ariane (rocket family)

Ariane is a series of a European civilian expendable launch vehicles for space launch operated from 1973 onwards. It is a collaboration between France, Germany
Germany
and the UK. The Ariane project was code-named L3S (the French abbreviation for third-generation substitution launcher). The European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA) charged the EADS subsidiary Astrium, presently Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space, with the development of all Ariane launchers and of the testing facilities, while Arianespace, a 32.5% CNES
CNES
commercial subsidiary created in 1980, handles production, operations and marketing. Arianespace
Arianespace
launches Ariane rockets from the Guiana Space Centre
Guiana Space Centre
at Kourou
Kourou
in French Guiana. Ariane 5
Ariane 5
completed its 74th consecutive successful mission in October 2016.[37] The newest iteration Ariane 6
Ariane 6
is under development with a first test flight scheduled for 2020.[38] International Space Station[edit]

Automated Transfer Vehicle

The Automated Transfer Vehicle, originally Ariane Transfer Vehicle or ATV, was an expendable cargo spacecraft developed by the European Space Agency (ESA).[39] ATVs supplied the International Space Station (ISS) with propellant, water, air, payloads, and experiments. ATVs also reboosted the station into a higher orbit.

ATV

Columbus (ISS module)

Columbus is a science laboratory that is part of the International Space Station
Space Station
(ISS) and is the largest single contribution to the ISS made by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA). The functional architecture (including software) of the lab was designed by Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space in Bremen, Germany
Germany
where it was also integrated before being flown to the Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(KSC) in Florida
Florida
in an Airbus Beluga. It was launched aboard Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
Atlantis on 7 February 2008 on flight STS-122.

Columbus ISS Module

Space transportation[edit]

Orion European Service Module

The Orion Service Module
Orion Service Module
is the service module component of the Orion spacecraft, serving as its primary power and propulsion component until it is discarded at the end of each mission. In January 2013, NASA
NASA
announced that the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA) will construct the service module for Exploration Mission 1, replacing the previous design. Based on ESA's Automated Transfer Vehicle
Automated Transfer Vehicle
(ATV), the new design is also known as the European Service Module (ESM). The service module supports the crew module from launch through separation prior to reentry. It provides in-space propulsion capability for orbital transfer, attitude control, and high altitude ascent aborts. It provides the water and oxygen needed for a habitable environment, generates and stores electrical power, and maintains the temperature of the vehicle's systems and components. This module can also transport unpressurized cargo and scientific payloads.

Orion service module

Astronomy and Cosmology Missions[edit]

Euclid

Euclid (developed jointly with Thales Alenia Space
Thales Alenia Space
is a space mission currently under development by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA). The objective of Euclid is to better understand dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe. To achieve this, the spacecraft will measure the redshift of galaxies at varying distances from Earth
Earth
and investigate the relationship between distance and redshift.

LISA Pathfinder

LISA Pathfinder, formerly Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology-2 (SMART-2), is an ESA
ESA
spacecraft that was launched on 3 December 2015.[40] The mission will test technologies needed for the Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
(eLISA), an ESA gravitational wave observatory planned to be launched in 2034. The scientific phase started on 8 March 2016 and will last 6 months.[41]

Gaia (spacecraft)

Gaia

Gaia is a space observatory of the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA) designed for astrometry.[42][43] The mission aims to construct the largest and most precise 3D space catalog ever made and totalling approximately 1 billion astronomical objects, mainly stars but also planets, comets, asteroids and quasars among others. Solar Observation Missions[edit]

Solar Orbiter

Solar Orbiter
Solar Orbiter
(SolO) is a planned Sun-observing satellite, under development by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA). The mission will be launched with an Atlas V
Atlas V
from the Cape Canaveral AFS in Florida
Florida
in October 2018. SolO is intended to perform detailed measurements of the inner heliosphere and nascent solar wind, and perform close observations of the polar regions of the Sun, which is difficult to do from Earth, both serving to answer the question 'How does the Sun create and control the heliosphere?' The Solar Orbiter
Solar Orbiter
will make observations of the Sun
Sun
from an eccentric orbit moving as close as ~60 solar radii (RS), or 0.284 astronomical units (AU), placing it inside Mercury's perihelion of 0.3075 AU and providing it with the closest ever views of the Sun.[44] Planetary Science Missions[edit]

ExoMars
ExoMars
rover

The ExoMars rover
ExoMars rover
is a planned robotic Mars
Mars
rover, part of the international ExoMars
ExoMars
programme led by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
and the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation.[45][46] The plan calls for a Russian launch vehicle, an ESA
ESA
carrier module and a Russian lander that will deploy the rover to Mars' surface.[47] The ExoMars
ExoMars
Trace Gas Orbiter, launched in 2016, will operate as the rover's data-relay satellite.[48] The spacecraft is scheduled to launch in July 2020.[49]

BepiColombo

BepiColombo
BepiColombo
is a planned joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace
Aerospace
eXploration Agency (JAXA) to the planet Mercury.[50] The mission comprises two satellites to be launched together: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The mission will perform a comprehensive study on Mercury, including its magnetic field, magnetosphere, interior structure and surface. It is scheduled to launch in April 2018.[51] The mission was approved in February 2007 as part of the Cosmic Vision
Cosmic Vision
programme.

Jupiter
Jupiter
Icy Moons Explorer

The JUpiter ICy moons Explorer (JUICE) is a planned European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft designed by Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space to visit the Jovian system, focused on studying three of Jupiter's Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa (excluding the more volcanically active Io).[52] It will characterise these three worlds, all of which are thought to have significant bodies of liquid water beneath their surfaces, making them potentially habitable environments. The selection of this mission for the L1 launch slot of ESA's Cosmic Vision science programme was announced on 2 May 2012.[53]

Venus
Venus
Express

Venus
Venus
Express

Venus Express
Venus Express
was the first Venus
Venus
exploration mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). Launched in November 2005, it arrived at Venus
Venus
in April 2006 and began continuously sending back science data from its polar orbit around Venus. Equipped with seven scientific instruments, the main objective of the mission was the long term observation of the Venusian atmosphere. The observation over such long periods of time had never been done in previous missions to Venus, and was key to a better understanding of the atmospheric dynamics.

Mars
Mars
Express

Mars Express
Mars Express
is a space exploration mission being conducted by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
(ESA). The Mars Express
Mars Express
mission is exploring the planet Mars, and is the first planetary mission attempted by the agency.

Rosetta (spacecraft)

Rosetta

Rosetta was a space probe built by the European Space Agency
European Space Agency
launched on 2 March 2004. Along with Philae, its lander module, Rosetta performed a detailed study of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P).[54][55] During its journey to the comet, the spacecraft flew by Mars
Mars
and the asteroids 21 Lutetia
21 Lutetia
and 2867 Šteins.[56][57] Earth
Earth
observation Satellites[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space is the world's largest supplier of Earth observation systems with more than 50 satellites launched and 18 more under construction.[58][59]

Platforms

TerraSAR-X
TerraSAR-X
NG: A next-generation development based on the TerraSAR-X mission. AstroBus-L: The system is suited for high performance Earth observation satellites. E.g.: Pleiades Twin Satellites, SPOT satellite system Xpress: Low cost synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite system particularly suitable for surveillance applications in a constellation concept. AstroBus-S: Earth
Earth
observation satellites for very-high resolution (VHR) applications. AstroBus-XS: modernized and enhanced version of the very successful Myriade-based satellite family.

Some of the major satellite systems built are: Envisat
Envisat
(the world's largest civilian Earth
Earth
observation satellite.[60]), Earth
Earth
Explorers such as GOCE, GRACE, Swarm, EarthCARE, Sentinel Missions, MetOp
MetOp
and MetOp-SG. Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Satellites[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space has manufactured over 100 communications satellites for a vast range of applications for clients from all over the world.[61]

Platforms

Eurostar (satellite bus): Used for a series of spacecraft providing telecommunications services in geosynchronous orbit (GEO). More than 70 Eurostar satellites have been ordered to date, of which more than 55 have been successfully launched since October 1990 and have proven highly reliable in operational service. In December 2013, the Eurostar satellites accumulated 500 years of successful operations in orbit.[62]

The Eurostar spacecraft series is designed for a variety of telecommunications needs including fixed services and broadcast, mobile services, broadband and secured communications. Some of the major telecommunication satellites built are: Alphabus, Eutelsat
Eutelsat
series, Astra series, Hispasat
Hispasat
series, Inmarsat
Inmarsat
series, UK military Skynet series satellites etc..

Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space Spaceplane
Spaceplane
prototype

Spaceplane[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space Spaceplane
Spaceplane
is a suborbital spaceplane concept for carrying space tourists, proposed by Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space. A full-size mockup was officially unveiled in Paris, France, on 13 June 2007,[63] and is now on display in the Concorde hall of the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace.[citation needed] The project is the first space tourism entry by a major aerospace contractor. Rocket Engines[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space also produces commercial versions of its proprietary rocket engines such as HM7B, Aestus, Vinci, Vulcain
Vulcain
[64] One Atlas[edit] Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space launched One Atlas in October 2016, a new satellite image basemap which covers the earth landmasses with professional grade imagery.[65][66] The images available via Google Drive can be accessed all round the clock, and refreshed within a 12-month period. One Atlas was developed to bring demonstrable value to clients planning defence or security missions and operations, for example assisting the mapping, reporting and updating of positions, movements or risk areas, but also providing valuable intelligence when selecting transportation routes and access points. Sites[edit] Major European Airbus
Airbus
Defence and Space sites are located

in Germany: Backnang, Berlin, Bremen, Immenstaad am Bodensee, Jena, Kiel, Koblenz, Köln, Lampoldshausen, Manching, Ottobrunn, Oberkochen, Potsdam, Rostock, Sulzbach (Taunus), Trauen, Wetzlar, Ulm
Ulm
and Unterschleißheim in France: Elancourt, Vélizy, Les Mureaux, Bordeaux, Toulouse
Toulouse
and Kourou
Kourou
in French Guiana in the United Kingdom: Newport, Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Stevenage in Spain:Getafe, Madrid
Madrid
and Sevilla in Italy: Rome
Rome
and Potenza in South Africa: Irene

See also[edit]

Boeing
Boeing
Defense, Space & Security Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
Space Systems Northrop Grumman Raytheon Thales Alenia Space

References[edit]

^ " Airbus
Airbus
in France". Airbus.  ^ "Executive Committee". Airbus
Airbus
Defence & Space. February 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015.  ^ Overview, Airbus
Airbus
DS. "About Airbus
Airbus
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