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An academy of sciences is a type of learned society or academy (as special scientific institution) dedicated to sciences that may or may not be state funded. Some state funded academies are tuned into national or royal (in case of the United Kingdom i.e. Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge) as a form of honor. The other types of academy is an academy of arts (see Academy of Arts) or combination of both (i.e. American Academy of Arts and Sciences). In non-English speaking countries, the range of academic fields of the members of a national Academy of Science often includes scholarly disciplines which would not normally be classed as "science" in English. Many languages use a broad term for systematized learning which includes both natural and social sciences and fields such as literary studies, history, or art history, which are not typically considered "sciences" in English. For example, the Australian Academy of Sciences is an organization of natural scientists, reflecting the English use of the term "scientist". There are separate academies for Arts, Humanities and Social Science. The Hungarian "Academy of Science" (Magyar Tudományos Akadémia), however, has members from many other areas of academia. Presumably, the Hungarian term tudomány has been translated as "science" in a broader sense, as it was used in English 200 years ago, and is still used in French and other languages. (Even though the name 'Hungarian Academy of Knowledge' would be a better translation.) As the engineering sciences have become more varied and advanced, there is a recent trend in many advanced countries to organize the National Academy of Engineering (or Engineering Sciences), separate from the national Academy of Sciences. Academies of science play an important role in science diplomacy efforts.[1] List of academies of sciences[edit] Main category: National academies of sciences

Afghanistan – Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan Albania – Academy of Sciences of Albania Armenia – National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia Austria – Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna Australia – Australian Academy of Sciences Azerbaijan – National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan Bangladesh – Bangladesh Academy of Sciences Belarus – National Academy of Sciences of Belarus Belgium – Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium Brazil – Brazilian Academy of Sciences Bulgaria – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Canada

Royal Society of Canada Canadian Academy of Engineering

China

Chinese Academy of Sciences Chinese Academy of Engineering Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Costa Rica – Academia Nacional de Ciencias (Costa Rica) Croatia – Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts Czech Republic – Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Denmark – Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters Estonia – Estonian Academy of Sciences Finland

Finnish Academy Finnish Society of Sciences and Letters

France – French Academy of Sciences Georgia

Georgian National Academy of Sciences Abkhazian Regional Academy of Sciences

Germany

Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Hamburg Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities Heidelberg Academy for Sciences and Humanities North Rhine-Westphalian Academy of Sciences, Humanities and the Arts Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities Union of German Academies of Sciences and Humanities

Greece – Academy of Athens Hungary – Hungarian Academy of Sciences India

Indian Academy of Sciences Indian National Science Academy National Academy of Sciences, India

Indonesia

Indonesian Institute of Sciences Indonesian Academy of Sciences

Italy

Lincean Academy Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze Accademia delle Scienze dell'Umbria

Israel – Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities Japan – Japan Academy, 1879 founded as Tokyo Academy Kazakhstan – National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan – National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic Latvia – Latvian Academy of Sciences Lebanon – Lebanese Academy of Sciences Lithuania – Lithuanian Academy of Sciences Macedonia – Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts Mexico – Mexican Academy of Sciences Moldova – Academy of Sciences of Moldova Mongolia – Mongolian Academy of Sciences Montenegro

Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts Doclean Academy of Sciences and Arts

Morocco – Hassan II Academy of Sciences and Technologies Netherlands – Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences New Zealand – Royal Society of New Zealand Nigeria –Nigerian Academy of Science North Korea – Academy of Sciences of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea[2] Norway

Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters, Trondheim Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences, Trondheim

Pakistan – Pakistan Academy of Sciences Poland

Polish Academy of Sciences Polish Academy of Learning

Portugal – Lisbon Academy of Sciences Romania – Romanian Academy Russia – Russian Academy of Sciences Serbia – Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts Slovakia – Slovak Academy of Sciences Slovenia – Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts South Africa - Academy of Science of South Africa South Korea – National Academy of Sciences, Republic of Korea Soviet Union – Soviet Academy of Sciences Spain – Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences Sri Lanka – National Academy of Sciences of Sri Lanka Sweden – Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Switzerland – Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences Taiwan – Academia Sinica Thailand – Royal Institute of Thailand Turkey – Turkish Academy of Sciences Ukraine – National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine United Kingdom

Royal Society Royal Academy of Engineering Royal Society of Arts Scotland – Royal Society of Edinburgh

United States

National Academies

U.S. National Academy of Sciences U.S. National Academy of Engineering U.S. National Academy of Medicine formerly the Institute of Medicine National Research Council

American Academy of Arts and Sciences State-specific

California – California Academy of Sciences Mississippi – Mississippi Academy of Sciences Missouri – Academy of Science, St. Louis New York – New York Academy of Sciences Texas – Texas Academy of Sciences

Vatican City – Pontifical Academy of Sciences Jordan and the Islamic world – Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) Developing world – TWAS Academy – World Academy of Art and Science

See also[edit]

Science portal

National academy

References[edit]

^ Hassan, Mohamed (10 March 2015). "Academies of Science as Key Instruments of Science Diplomacy". Science & Diplomacy. 4 (1).  ^ Hoare, James E. (2012). "Academy of Sciences". Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4. 

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Asian Academies of Sciences

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor Egypt India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkmenistan Turkey United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

States with limited recognition

Taiwan

Science portal

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European Academies of Sciences

Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Kazakhstan Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Moldova Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Portugal Russia Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Ukraine United Kingdom Vatican City

Authority control

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