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Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
(Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachd Obar Dheathain) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It takes its name from the old County of Aberdeen
Aberdeen
which had substantially different boundaries. Modern Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
includes all of what was once Kincardineshire, as well as part of Banffshire. The old boundaries are still officially used for a few purposes, namely land registration and lieutenancy.[1] Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council is headquartered at Woodhill House, in Aberdeen, making it the only Scottish council whose headquarters are located outside its jurisdiction. Aberdeen
Aberdeen
itself forms a different council area ( Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City). Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
borders onto Angus and Perth and Kinross to the south, Highland and Moray
Moray
to the west and Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City to the east. Traditionally, it has been economically dependent upon the primary sector (agriculture, fishing, and forestry) and related processing industries. Over the last 40 years, the development of the oil and gas industry and associated service sector has broadened Aberdeenshire's economic base, and contributed to a rapid population growth of some 50% since 1975.[2] Its land represents 8% of Scotland's overall territory. It covers an area of 6,313 square kilometres (2,437 sq mi).[3][4]

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Economy 4 Major Industries 5 Governance and politics 6 Notable features 7 Hydrology and climate 8 Notable residents 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
has a rich prehistoric and historic heritage. It is the locus of a large number of Neolithic
Neolithic
and Bronze Age
Bronze Age
archaeological sites, including Longman Hill, Kempstone Hill, Catto Long Barrow
Catto Long Barrow
and Cairn Lee. The area was settled in the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
by the Beaker culture, who arrived from the south around 2000-1800 BC.[5] Stone circles and cairns were constructed predominantly in this era. In the Iron Age, hill forts were built.[5] Around the 1st century AD, the Taexali
Taexali
people, who have left little history, were believed to have resided along the coast.[5] The Picts
Picts
were the next documented inhabitants of the area, and were no later than 800-900 AD. The Romans also were in the area during this period, as they left signs at Kintore.[5] Christianity influenced the inhabitants early on, and there were Celtic monasteries at Old Deer
Old Deer
and Monymusk.[5] Since medieval times there have been a number of traditional paths that crossed the Mounth
Mounth
(a spur of mountainous land that extends from the higher inland range to the North Sea
North Sea
slightly north of Stonehaven) through present-day Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
from the Scottish Lowlands to the Highlands. Some of the most well known and historically important trackways are the Causey Mounth
Mounth
and Elsick Mounth.[6][7] Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
played an important role in the fighting between the Scottish clans. Clan MacBeth and the Clan Canmore were two of the larger clans. Macbeth fell at Lumphanan
Lumphanan
in 1057.[5] During the Anglo-Norman penetration, other families arrives such as House of Balliol, Clan Bruce, and Clan Cumming (Comyn).[5] When the fighting amongst these newcomers resulted in the Scottish Wars of Independence, the English king Edward I
Edward I
traveled across the area twice, in 1296 and 1303. In 1307, Robert the Bruce
Robert the Bruce
was victorious near Inverurie. Along with his victory came new families, namely the Forbeses and the Gordons. These new families set the stage for the upcoming rivalries during the 14th and 15th centuries.[5] This rivalry grew worse during and after the Protestant Reformation, when religion was another reason for conflict between the clans. The Gordon family adhered to Catholicism and the Forbes
Forbes
to Protestantism. Three universities were founded in the area prior to the 17th century, King's College in Old Aberdeen (1494), Marischal College
Marischal College
in Aberdeen
Aberdeen
(1593), and the University of Fraserburgh
Fraserburgh
(1597).[5] After the end of the Revolution of 1688, an extended peaceful period was interrupted only by such fleeting events such as the Rising of 1715 and the Rising of 1745. The latter resulted in the end of the ascendancy of Episcopalianism and the feudal power of landowners. An era began of increased agricultural and industrial progress.[5] During the 17th century, Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
was the location of more fighting, centered on the Marquess of Montrose
Marquess of Montrose
and the English Civil Wars.[5] This period also saw increased wealth due to the increase in trade with Germany, Poland, and the Low Countries.[5] The present council area is named after the historic county of Aberdeen, which had different boundaries and was abolished in 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. It was replaced by Grampian Regional Council and five district councils: Banff and Buchan, Gordon, Kincardine and Deeside, Moray
Moray
and the City of Aberdeen. The current Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
consists of all of former Aberdeenshire, former Kincardineshire
Kincardineshire
and the northeast portions of Banffshire.[5] Local government functions were shared between the two levels. In 1996, under the Local Government etc (Scotland) Act 1994, the Banff and Buchan
Banff and Buchan
district, Gordon district and Kincardine and Deeside district were merged to form the present Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
council area, with the other two districts becoming autonomous council areas. Demographics[edit] The population of the council area has risen over 50% since 1971 to approximately 262,200,[8] representing 4.7% of Scotland's total. Aberdeenshire's population has increased by 9.1% since 2001, while Scotland's total population grew by 3.8%. The census lists a relatively high proportion of under 16s and slightly fewer people of working-age compared with the Scottish average.[2] Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is one of the most homogeneous regions of the UK. In 2011 82.2% of residents identified as 'White Scottish', followed by 12.3% who are 'White British'. The largest ethnic minority group are Asian Scottish/British at 0.8%[9]. The fourteen biggest settlements in Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
(with 2011 population estimates) are:

Peterhead
Peterhead
(17,790)[10] Fraserburgh
Fraserburgh
(12,540)[10] Inverurie
Inverurie
(11,529)[10] Westhill (11,220)[10] Stonehaven
Stonehaven
(10,820)[10] Ellon (9,910)[10] Portlethen
Portlethen
(7,327)[11] Banchory
Banchory
(7,111)[12] Turriff
Turriff
(4,804)[13] Kintore (4,476)[14] Huntly
Huntly
(4,461)[15] Banff (3,931)[16] Kemnay
Kemnay
(3,830)[14] Macduff (3,711)[17]

Economy[edit] Aberdeenshire's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is estimated at £3,496m (2011), representing 5.2% of the Scottish total. Aberdeenshire's economy is closely linked to Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City's (GDP £7,906m) and in 2011 the region as a whole was calculated to contribute 16.8% of Scotland's GDP. Between 2012 and 2014 the combined Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
and Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City economic forecast GDP growth rate is 6.8%, the highest growth rate of any local council area and above the Scottish rate of 4.8%.[2] A significant proportion of Aberdeenshire's working residents commute to Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City for work, varying from 11.5% from Fraserburgh
Fraserburgh
to 65% from Westhill. Average Gross Weekly Earnings (for full-time employees employed in work places in Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
in 2011) are £570.60. This is lower than the Scottish average by £4.10 and a fall of 2.6% on the 2010 figure. The average gross weekly pay of people resident in Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is much higher, at £641.90, as many people commute out of Aberdeenshire, principally into Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City.[2] Total employment (excluding farm data) in Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is estimated at 93,700 employees (Business Register and Employment Survey 2009). The majority of employees work within the service sector, predominantly in public administration, education and health. Almost 19% of employment is within the public sector. Aberdeenshire's economy remains closely linked to Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City's and the North Sea
North Sea
oil industry, with many employees in oil related jobs. The average monthly unemployment (claimant count) rate for Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
in 2011 was 1.5%. This is lower than the average rates for Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City (2.3%), Scotland
Scotland
(4.2%) and the UK (3.8%).[2] Major Industries[edit]

Energy – There is significant energy related infrastructure, presence and expertise in Aberdeenshire. Peterhead
Peterhead
is an important centre for the energy industry. Peterhead
Peterhead
Port, which includes an extensive new quay with adjacent lay down area at Smith Quay, is a major support location for North Sea
North Sea
oil and gas exploration and production and the fast-growing global sub-sea sector. The Gas Terminal at St Fergus
St Fergus
handles around 15% of the UK's natural gas requirements and the Peterhead
Peterhead
power station is looking to host Britain's first carbon capture and storage power generation project.[2] Fishing – Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is Scotland's foremost fishing area. In 2010, catches landed at Aberdeenshire's ports accounted for over half the total fish landings of Scotland, and almost 45% in the UK. Peterhead
Peterhead
and Fraserburgh
Fraserburgh
ports, alongside Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City, provide much of the employment in these sectors.[5] Agriculture – Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is rich in arable land, with an estimated 9,000 people employed in the sector, and is best known for rearing livestock. Sheep are important in the higher ground.[5] Tourism – this sector continues to grow, with a range of sights to be seen in the area. From the lively Cairngorm Mountain range to the bustling fishing ports on the North-east coast, Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
samples a bit of everything. Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
also has a rugged coastline, many sandy beaches and is a hot spot for tourist activity throughout the year. Almost 1.3 million tourists visited the region in 2011 – up 3% on the previous year.[18] Whisky-distilling is still a practiced art in the area.[5]

Governance and politics[edit] The council has 70 councillors, elected in 19 multi-member wards by single transferable vote. The 2017 elections resulted in the following representation:[19]

Ward Members Representation

1. Banff and District 3 1 Con, 1 Ind, 1 SNP

2. Troup 3 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind

3. Fraserburgh
Fraserburgh
and District 4 1 Ind, 2 SNP, 1 Con

4. Central Buchan 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem

5. Peterhead
Peterhead
North and Rattray 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 2 Ind

6. Peterhead
Peterhead
South and Cruden 3 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind

7. Turriff
Turriff
and District 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem, 1 Ind

8. Mid Formartine 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem

9. Ellon and District 4 1 Con, 2 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

10. West Garioch 3 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

11. Inverurie
Inverurie
and District 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem

12. East Garioch 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Grn, 1 Lib Dem

13. Westhill and District 4 2 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

14. Huntly, Strathbogie and Howe of Alford 4 2 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

15. Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside 3 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

16. Banchory
Banchory
and Mid Deeside 3 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

17. North Kincardine 4 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem, 1 Lab

18. Stonehaven
Stonehaven
and Lower Deeside 4 2 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

19. Mearns 4 2 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lib Dem

Ythan Estuary
Ythan Estuary
nature reserve, with tern colonies and dunes in background.

The overall political composition of the council, following subsequent defections[20] and by-elections, is as follows:[21]

Party Councillors

Conservative 23

Scottish National Party 21

Liberal Democrat 14

Independent 10

Labour Party 1

Green Party 1

The Council's Revenue Budget for 2012/13 totals approx £548 million. The Education, Learning and Leisure Service takes the largest share of budget (52.3%), followed by Housing and Social Work (24.3%), Infrastructure Services (15.9%), Joint Boards (such as Fire and Police) and Misc services (7.9%) and Trading Activities (0.4%). 21.5% of the revenue is raised locally through the Council Tax. Average Band D Council Tax is £1,141 (2012/13), no change on the previous year. The current chief executive of the Council is Jim Savege and the elected Council Co-Leaders are Richard Thomson and Alison Evison. Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
also has a Provost, who is Councillor Hamish Vernal. The council has devolved power to six area committees: Banff and Buchan; Buchan; Formartine; Garioch; Marr; and Kincardine and Mearns. Each area committee takes decisions on local issues such as planning applications, and the split is meant to reflect the diverse circumstances of each area. (Boundary map)[dead link] Notable features[edit]

The B976 road near Gairnshiel

An old lime kiln at Badenyon

The following significant structures or places are within Aberdeenshire: Main articles: Scheduled monuments in Aberdeenshire
Scheduled monuments in Aberdeenshire
and List of Category A listed buildings in Aberdeenshire

Balmoral Castle, Scottish Highland residence of the British royal family.[5] Bennachie Burn O'Vat Cairness House Cairngorms National Park Corgarff Castle Crathes Castle Causey Mounth, an ancient road Drum Castle Dunnottar Castle Fetteresso Castle Fowlsheugh
Fowlsheugh
Nature Reserve Haddo House Herscha Hill Huntly
Huntly
Castle Kildrummy Castle Loch of Strathbeg Lochnagar Monboddo House Muchalls Castle Pitfour estate Portlethen
Portlethen
Moss Raedykes
Raedykes
Roman Camp River Dee River Don Sands of Forvie
Sands of Forvie
Nature Reserve Slains Castles, Old and New Stonehaven
Stonehaven
Tolbooth Ythan Estuary
Ythan Estuary
Nature Reserve

Hydrology and climate[edit] There are numerous rivers and burns in Aberdeenshire, including Cowie Water, Carron Water, Burn of Muchalls, River Dee, River Don, River Ury, River Ythan, Water of Feugh, Burn of Myrehouse, Laeca Burn and Luther Water. Numerous bays and estuaries are found along the seacoast of Aberdeenshire, including Banff Bay, Ythan Estuary, Stonehaven
Stonehaven
Bay and Thornyhive Bay. Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
is in the rain shadow of the Grampians, therefore it is a generally dry climate, with portions of the coast, receiving 25 inches (64 cm) of moisture annually.[5] Summers are mild and winters are typically cold in Aberdeenshire; Coastal temperatures are moderated by the North Sea
North Sea
such that coastal areas are typically cooler in the summer and warmer in winter than inland locations. Coastal areas are also subject to haar, or coastal fog. Notable residents[edit] See also: List of Aberdonians

John Skinner, (1721–1807) author, poet and ecclesiastic. Penned the famous verse, Tullochgorum. Hugh Mercer, (1726–1777), born in the manse of Pitsligo Kirk, near Rosehearty, brigadier general of the Continental Army
Continental Army
during the American Revolution.[22] Alexander Garden, (1730–1791), born in Birse, noted naturalist and physician. He moved to North America in 1754, and discovered two species of lizards. He was a Loyalist during the American Revolutionary War, which led to the confiscation of his property and his banishment in 1782. The gardenia flower is named in his honour.[22] John Kemp, (1763–1812), born in Auchlossan, was a noted educator at Columbia University
Columbia University
who is said to have influenced DeWitt Clinton's opinions and policies.[22] George MacDonald
George MacDonald
(1824-1905), author, poet, and theologian born and raised in Huntly. Dame Evelyn Glennie, DBE, born and raised in Ellon on 19 July 1965, is a virtuoso percussionist, and the first full-time solo percussionist in 20th-century western society. She is very highly regarded in the Scottish musical community, and has proven that her profound deafness does not inhibit her musical talent or day-to-day life. Evan Duthie, (born 2000), an award-winning DJ & Producer. Peter Nicol, MBE, born in Inverurie
Inverurie
on 5 April 1973, is a former professional squash player who represented first Scotland
Scotland
and then England in international squash. Peter Shepherd, (1841–1879), Surgeon Major, Royal Medical Corps Johanna Basford (born 1983), illustrator and textile designer[23][24]

References[edit]

^ Land Register Counties & Operational Dates Archived 28 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d e f " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council – Profile 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 11 July 2012.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
profile" (PDF). Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.  ^ Turner, Barry, ed. (2013). "Scotland". The Statesman's Yearbook 2014. Macmillan Publishers Ltd. p. 1301. ISBN 978-0-230-37769-1.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Aberdeenshire". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. pp. 28–29. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.  ^ W. Douglas Simpson, "The Early Castles of Mar", Proceedings of the Society, 102, 10 December 1928 ^ The Megalithic Portal
Portal
and Megalith Map. "C.Michael Hogan, ''Elsick Mounth'', Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham". Megalithic.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland
Scotland
and Northern Ireland, Mid-2016". Office for National Statistics. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council Identity in 2011 Census" (PDF).  ^ a b c d e f " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 1 February 2013.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ a b 2011 census ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council" (PDF). Retrieved 6 July 2011.  ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council – Profile 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 2 January 2013.  ^ "2012 Local Election Results". Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ Scottish Lib Dems: Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Councillor joins Scottish Liberal Democrats ^ " Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council Results". Archived from the original on 12 May 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.  ^ "Follow The Paper Trail". www.heraldscotland.com. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 16 February 2016.  ^ "Rough Cut Nation (Exhibition Notes)". National Galleries Scotland. National Galleries Scotland. Retrieved 27 February 2016. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aberdeenshire.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aberdeenshire.

Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Council Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Libraries Service Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Museums Service Peterhead
Peterhead
and Buchan
Buchan
Tourism Web Site Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Arts Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
Sports Council Aberdeenshire
Aberdeenshire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Areas and primary settlements in Aberdeenshire

(see also: Aberdeen
Aberdeen
City)

in Banff and Buchan

Aberchirder Banff Fraserburgh Gardenstown Inverallochy and Cairnbulg Macduff Portsoy Rosehearty Sandhaven Whitehills

in Buchan

Boddam Crimond Cruden Bay Fetterangus Hatton Longside Maud Mintlaw New Deer New Pitsligo Peterhead St Combs St Fergus Strichen Stuartfield

in Formartine

Balmedie Cuminestown Ellon Fyvie Newburgh Oldmeldrum Pitmedden Potterton Rothienorman Tarves Turriff

in Garioch

Blackburn Insch Inverurie Kemnay Kintore Newmachar Westhill

in Kincardine and Mearns

Drumoak Fettercairn Gourdon Inverbervie Johnshaven Laurencekirk Newtonhill Portlethen St Cyrus Stonehaven

in Marr

Aboyne Alford Ballater Banchory Braemar Huntly Lumphanan Tarland Torphins

v t e

Council areas of Scotland

Aberdeen Aberdeenshire Angus Argyll and Bute Clackmannanshire Dumfries and Galloway Dundee East Ayrshire East Dunbartonshire East Lothian East Renfrewshire Edinburgh Falkirk Fife Glasgow Highland Inverclyde Midlothian Moray Na h-Eileanan Siar (Western Isles) North Ayrshire North Lanarkshire Orkney Perth and Kinross Renfrewshire Scottish Borders Shetland South Ayrshire South Lanarkshire Stirling West Dunbartonshire West Lothian

List by area, populat

.