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7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is a Japanese-owned American international chain of convenience stores, headquartered in Irving, Texas. The chain was known as Tote'm Stores until it was renamed in 1946. Its parent company, Seven-Eleven Japan
Japan
Co., Ltd., operates, franchises, and licenses some 64,319 stores in 18 countries as of January 2018.[1]. Seven-Eleven Japan
Japan
is headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo.[2] Seven-Eleven Japan
Japan
is held by the Seven & I Holdings Co.[3]

Contents

1 Etymologies 2 History 3 Products and services 4 Global operations

4.1 Asia

4.1.1 Hong Kong 4.1.2 Indonesia 4.1.3 Japan 4.1.4 Macau 4.1.5 China 4.1.6 Malaysia 4.1.7 Philippines 4.1.8 Singapore 4.1.9 South Korea 4.1.10 Taiwan 4.1.11 Thailand 4.1.12 Turkey 4.1.13 United Arab Emirates 4.1.14 Vietnam

4.2 Europe

4.2.1 Denmark 4.2.2 Norway 4.2.3 Sweden 4.2.4 United Kingdom

4.3 North America

4.3.1 Canada 4.3.2 Mexico 4.3.3 United States

4.3.3.1 Fuel

4.4 Oceania

4.4.1 Australia

4.4.1.1 Wage theft

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Etymologies[edit] The company's first outlets were named "Tote'm Stores" because customers "toted" away their purchases. Some stores featured genuine Alaskan totem poles in front of the store. In 1946, the chain's name was changed from "Tote'm" to "7-Eleven" to reflect the company's new, extended hours, 7:00 am to 11:00 pm, seven days per week.[4] In November 1999, the corporate name of the US company was changed from "The Southland Corporation" to " 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Inc."[5][6] History[edit] In 1927, Southland Ice Company employee John Jefferson Green began selling eggs, milk, and bread from one of 16 ice house storefronts in Dallas, with permission from one of Southland's founding directors, Joe C. Thompson, Sr.[7] Although small grocery stores and general merchandisers were available, Thompson theorized that selling products such as bread and milk in convenience stores would reduce the need for customers to travel long distances for basic items. He eventually bought the Southland Ice Company and turned it into Southland Corporation, which oversaw several locations in the Dallas
Dallas
area.[4] In 1928, Jenna Lira brought a totem pole as a souvenir from Alaska
Alaska
and placed it in front of the store. The pole served as a marketing tool for the company, as it attracted a great deal of attention. Soon, executives added totem poles in front of every store and eventually adopted an Alaska
Alaska
Native-inspired theme for their stores. Later on, the stores began operating under the name "Tote'm Stores". In the same year, the company began constructing gasoline stations in some of its Dallas
Dallas
locations as an experiment. Joe Thompson also provided a distinct characteristic to the company's stores, training the staff so that people would receive the same quality and service in every store. Southland also started to have a uniform for its ice station service boys. This became the major factor in the company's success as a retail convenience store. In 1931, the Great Depression
Great Depression
affected the company, sending it toward bankruptcy. Nevertheless, the company continued its operations through re-organization and receivership. A Dallas
Dallas
banker, W.W. Overton Jr., also helped to revive the company's finances by selling the company's bonds for seven cents on the dollar. This brought the company's ownership under the control of a board of directors.[8] In 1946, in an effort to continue the company's post-war recovery, the name of the franchise was changed to 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
to reflect the stores' new hours of operation, which were unprecedented at the time. In 1963, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
experimented with a 24-hour schedule in Austin, Texas, after an Austin store stayed open all night to satisfy customer demand.[4] Later on, 24-hour stores were established in Fort Worth and Dallas, Texas, as well as Las Vegas, Nevada.[9] In 1971, Southland acquired convenience stores of the former Pak-A-Sak chain owned by Graham Allen Penniman, Sr. (1903–1985), of Shreveport, Louisiana.[10][11]

Play media

Video of the inside of a Floridian 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in 1987.

With the purchase in 1964 of 126 Speedee Mart franchised convenience stores in California, the company entered the franchise business. The company signed its first area licensing agreement in 1968 with Garb-Ko, Inc. of Saginaw, Michigan, which became the first US domestic area 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
licensee. In the late 1980s, Southland Corporation was threatened by a rumored corporate takeover, prompting the Thompson family to take steps to convert the company into a private model by buying out public shareholders in a tender offer.[12] In December 1987, John Philp Thompson, the chairman and CEO of 7-Eleven, completed a $5.2 billion management buyout of the company.[13] The buyout suffered from the effects of the 1987 stock market crash and after failing initially to raise high yield debt financing, the company was required to offer a portion of stock as an inducement to invest in the company's bonds.[14][15] Various assets, such as the Chief Auto Parts chain,[16] the ice division,[17] and hundreds of store locations,[18] were sold between 1987 and 1990 to relieve debt incurred during the buyout. This downsizing also resulted in numerous metropolitan areas losing 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores to rival convenience store operators. In October 1990, the heavily indebted Southland Corp. filed a pre-packaged Chapter 11 bankruptcy in order to transfer control of 70% of the company to Japanese affiliate Ito-Yokado.[19] Southland exited bankruptcy in March 1991, after a cash infusion of $430 million from Ito-Yokado
Ito-Yokado
and Seven-Eleven Japan. These two Japanese entities now controlled 70% of the company, with the founding Thompson family retaining 5%.[20] In 1999, Southland Corp. changed its name to 7-Eleven, Inc., citing the divestment of operations other than 7-Eleven.[21] Ito-Yokado
Ito-Yokado
formed Seven & I Holdings Co. and 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
became its subsidiary in 2005. In 2007, Seven & I Holdings announced that it would be expanding its American operations, with an additional 1,000 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in the United States. For the 2010 rankings, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
climbed to the No. 3 spot in Entrepreneur Magazine's 31st Annual Franchise 500, "the first and most comprehensive ranking in the world". This was the 17th year 7-Eleven was named in the top 10. Also in 2010, the first "green" 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store opened in DeLand, Florida. The store features U.S. Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
(LEED) elements. Also, the environmentally-friendly design brings the store savings in energy costs. That same year, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
went mobile with the launch of the iconic Slurpee
Slurpee
drink's iPhone and Android Application (App). The Slurpee
Slurpee
drink app made it easy to find 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores and provides driving directions. The following year, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
celebrated its 40,000th store opening and within two years of that milestone opened its 50,000th store. Products and services[edit]

1.2-liter (41 U.S. fl oz) Super Big Gulp

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in the United States
United States
sells Slurpee[22] drinks, a partially frozen soft drink introduced in 1965 (Oklahoma's stores are known as Icee),[23] and Big Gulp beverages, introduced in 1976.[24][25] Other products include: 7-Select[26] private-brand products,[27] coffee, fresh-made daily sandwiches, fresh fruit, salads, bakery items, hot and prepared foods, gasoline, dairy products, carbonated beverages and energy drinks, juices, financial services, and product delivery services. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is known for its relatively large drink sizes. 7-Eleven offers beverages that are 32 ounces (946ml) (Big Gulp), 44 U.S. fluid ounces (1.301 L) (Super Big Gulp), 53 ounces (1567ml) (X-Treme Gulp), 64 ounces (1893ml) (Double Gulp), or 128 ounces (3785ml) (Team Gulp). These beverage sizes were all among the largest sold soft drinks when they were introduced.[28] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
has often been associated with these large sodas in popular culture. For example, Mayor Michael Bloomberg's proposed ban on large sodas in New York City was frequently referred to as the 'Big Gulp ban'.[29] In 2012, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
changed the size of the Double Gulp from 64 ounces to 50 ounces (1478ml). The older style cups were too wide at the bottom and did not fit beverage holders in cars. This was not a reaction to the large soda ban proposal, according to a spokesperson.[30] Global operations[edit] Asia[edit] Hong Kong[edit]

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Shek Tong Tsui, Hong Kong

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
first opened in Hong Kong in 1981, and today operates as a subsidiary of the Dairy
Dairy
Farm. It is popularly called tsat jai (七仔, meaning "little seven") or se fun (些粉, based on the English "seven"). As of 2012, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
had 964 stores in Hong Kong, of which 563 were operated by franchisees.[31] Hong Kong reportedly has the second-highest density of 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores, after Macao. All 7-Eleven stores in Hong Kong accept the ubiquitous Octopus card
Octopus card
as a method of payment.[32] They also accept payments for utility bills and public housing rent.[33] In November 1980, Southland Corporation and Hong Kong conglomerate Jardine Matheson
Jardine Matheson
signed a franchise agreement to bring 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
to the territory.[34] The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
shop opened in Happy Valley on 3 April 1981.[35][36] The chain expanded aggressively across Hong Kong throughout the 1980s. The 50th store opened in Kwai Chung
Kwai Chung
on 6 October 1983, while the 200th was inaugurated by Simon Keswick at Tai Po Centre on 7 May 1987.[37][38] The stores were sold to Dairy
Dairy
Farm, part of the Jardine Matheson
Jardine Matheson
group, in 1989.[39] Octopus card
Octopus card
readers were introduced in all 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in July 1999, although at first these could only be used to add value to the card.[40][41] In September 2004, the number of locations in Hong Kong was substantially boosted when Dairy
Dairy
Farm acquired Daily Stop, a rival convenience store chain, from SCMP Retailing (HK). The chain's 84 shops, located mainly in MTR
MTR
and Kowloon–Canton Railway
Kowloon–Canton Railway
stations (as well as shopping centres and housing estates), were converted to 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores.[42][43] In 2009, a 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
location in Quarry Bay
Quarry Bay
opened with a hot food counter, called "7 Café", selling traditional Hong Kong street food and milk tea.[44] This feature was subsequently extended to select other 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
locations across Hong Kong under the "Daily Café" and "Hot Shot" brands. Indonesia[edit] In 2008, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
announced plans to expand its business in Indonesia through a master franchise agreement with Modern Sevel Indonesia
Indonesia
and Media Nusantara Citra. Modern Sevel Indonesia's initial plans were to focus on opening stores in Jakarta, targeting densely populated commercial and business areas.[45] There are 190 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Indonesia
Indonesia
as of 2014[update] and it has reduced to only 166 stores as September 2016. In April 2017, PT Modern Seven Indonesia
Indonesia
announced that they will be acquired by PT Charoen Pokphand
Charoen Pokphand
Restu Indonesia, subsidiary of Charoen Pokphand Group in Thailand. The acquisition process planned to be completed before June 2017.[46] Charoen Pokphand
Charoen Pokphand
Group is also the master franchise holder of approximately 9500 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Thailand. But on June 22, 2017, PT Modern International Tbk announced that all the remaining 30 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Indonesia
Indonesia
will be closed on June 30, 2017 due to the cancellation of its acquisition process.[47] Japan[edit]

Japan's first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in Kōtō, Tokyo
Kōtō, Tokyo
opened in May 1974

Japan
Japan
has more 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
locations than anywhere else in the world, where they often bear the name of its holding company "Seven & I Holdings". Of the 64,319 stores around the globe, 20,260 stores (31 percent of global stores) are located in Japan,[48] with 2,601 stores in Tokyo alone.[49] On September 1, 2005, Seven & I Holdings Co., Ltd., a new holding company, became the parent company of 7-Eleven, Ito-Yokado, and Denny's
Denny's
Japan. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
has stores in all prefectures of Japan, except Okinawa Prefecture. The aesthetics of the store are somewhat different from that of 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in other countries as the stores offer a wider selection of products and services. Following the example of other convenience stores in Japan, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
has solar panels and LEDs installed in about 1,400 of its stores.[50] Macau[edit] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
entered the Macau
Macau
market in 2005 under the ownership of Dairy Farm, the same conglomeration group operating Hong Kong's 7-Eleven. With only 25.9 square kilometres, Macau
Macau
has 45 stores, making it the single market with the highest density of 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores, containing one store per 0.65 square kilometers. China[edit] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
opened its first store in China in Shenzhen, Guangdong in 1992 and later expanded to Beijing
Beijing
in 2004, Chengdu[51] and Shanghai in 2011, Qingdao
Qingdao
in 2012, and Chongqing
Chongqing
in 2013. In China's 7-Eleven stores where Slurpees are offered, the Chinese name 思乐冰 (sīlèbīng) is used. They also offer a wide array of warm food, including traditional items like steamed buns, and stores in Chengdu offer a full variety of onigiri (饭团). Beverages, alcohol, candy, periodicals, and other convenience items are available as well. The majority of these stores are open for 24 hours a day. Malaysia[edit]

A 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Malaysian 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores are owned by 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Malaysia
Malaysia
Sdn. Bhd., which operates 2,225 stores nationwide. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Malaysia
Malaysia
was incorporated on June 4, 1984, by the Berjaya Group
Berjaya Group
Berhad. The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store was opened in October 1984, in Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur.[52][53] Philippines[edit] In the Philippines, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is run by the Philippine Seven Corporation (PSC). Its first store, located in Quezon City, opened in 1984. In 2000, President Chain Store Corporation (PCSC) of Taiwan, also a licensee of 7-Eleven, purchased the majority shares of PSC and thus formed a strategic alliance for the convenience store industry within the area. The number of stores reached 1,602 at the end of 2015. As of 2017, there are 2285 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores all over The Philippines. Singapore[edit] In Singapore, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
forms the largest chain of convenience stores island-wide. There are 393 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores scattered throughout the country as of February 2018. Stores in Singapore are operated by Dairy Farm International Holdings, franchised under a licensing agreement with 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Incorporated. The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in Singapore was opened along Upper Changi Road in 1983, and in 1986 the first franchised 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store (under the Jardine Matheson
Jardine Matheson
Group) was opened. The license was then acquired by Cold Storage Singapore, a subsidiary of the Dairy
Dairy
Farm Group, in 1989. In 2006, Shell Singapore and 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
agreed to rebrand all 68 of its Shell Select convenience stores into 7-Eleven. The partnership was terminated in October 2017, and the remaining 52 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Shell petrol stations will be gradually rebranded back into Shell Select.[54] South Korea[edit]

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
at Godeok Station
Godeok Station
in Seoul, South Korea

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
has a major presence in the Republic of Korea convenience store market, where it competes with CU (store), GS25
GS25
(formerly LG25), and independent competitors. There are 9,231 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in the Republic of Korea; with only Japan
Japan
and Thailand
Thailand
hosting more stores. The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in the Republic of Korea opened in 1989 in Songpa-gu
Songpa-gu
in Seoul
Seoul
with a franchise license under the Lotte Group. In January 2010, Lotte Group acquired the Buy the Way convenience store chain and rebranded its 1,000 stores under the 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
brand. Taiwan[edit]

Two 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores at the same intersection in Xindian District, New Taipei City, Taiwan

In Taiwan, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is the largest convenience store chain and is owned by President Chain Store Corporation under Uni-President Enterprises Corporation. The first fourteen stores opened in 1979, and struggled to make a profit. Southland Corporation partnered with Uni-President to modernize the stores. However, business was still slow, and Uni-President opted to stock Asian foods. In 1986, 7-Eleven made its first profit in Taiwan.[55] The 5,000th store was opened in July 2014.[56] In January 2018, an experimental and unstaffed shop branded the X-Store was opened.[57] There are 5,221 stores currently in Taiwan. Thailand[edit] The first store opened in 1989 on Patpong Road in Bangkok. The franchise in Thailand
Thailand
is the CP ALL Public Company Limited, which in turn grants franchises to operators. In January 2018 there were 10,300 stores in Thailand.[58] There are 10,268[59] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Thailand
Thailand
as of January 2018, with approximately 50% located in Bangkok. Thailand
Thailand
has the 2nd largest number of 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores after Japan.[60] In 2015, the company announced plans to spend five billion Thai baht to expand its business. Two billion baht will be used to open 500 new outlets, one billion to renovate existing stores, and the rest to develop a new distribution center in the East.[61] Turkey[edit] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
entered the Turkish market in 1989, opening its first store on September 12, 1989.[62] Major stakeholder of the master franchise, Özer Çiller sold his shares in 1993, after his wife Tansu Çiller became the Prime Minister.[63] In the 2010s, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
left the Turkish market, transferring most of its stores to franchise owners. United Arab Emirates[edit] Seven & I Holdings announced in June 2014 that they had agreed a contract with Seven Emirates Investment LLC to open the first Middle Eastern 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
during the summer of 2015.[64][65][66] The company also said that they had plans to open about 100 stores in the country by the end of 2017.[64][66] The first store was opened in October 2015. The country has 13 stores by January 2018. Vietnam[edit] Seven and i-Holding making the first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
was open in Saigon Trade Center in 2017. As of January 2018, Vietnam has 11 stores in Ho Chi Minh City. Europe[edit] The first European 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store was opened in Stockholm, Sweden in 1978.[67] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
was available in Spain
Spain
until 2000 with many stores inside Repsol petrol stations, as well as some other petrol-stations across the country. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores are now solely located in the Scandinavian region of Europe.[68] The owner of the master franchise for 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Scandinavia is Reitan Servicehandel, an arm of the Norwegian retail group, Reitan Group. After Reitangruppen bought the filling station chain, HydroTexaco
HydroTexaco
(now YX Energy), in Norway
Norway
and Sweden in 2006, it announced that several of the stores at the petrol stations would be rebranded as 7-Elevens and that the petrol would be supplied by Shell. Other stores remain under the YX brand. Denmark[edit]

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Strøget, Copenhagen, Denmark

The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in Denmark
Denmark
was opened at Østerbro
Østerbro
in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
on September 14, 1993. There are 183 stores, mostly in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Aalborg, and Odense, including eight stores at Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Central Station. In Denmark, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
has an agreement with Shell, with a nationwide network of Shell/ 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
service stations, and an agreement with DSB to have 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores at most S-train stations. Norway[edit]

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Bergen, Norway

The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store in Norway
Norway
was opened at Grünerløkka
Grünerløkka
in Oslo on September 13, 1986. As of January 2018, there are 153 7-Eleven stores in Norway, more than 50% located in Oslo. Norway
Norway
has the northernmost 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in the world, situated in Tromsø. On a per-capita basis, Norway
Norway
has one 7–Eleven store for every 47,000 Norwegians, compared to Canada, which has one for every 74,000 Canadians. Sweden[edit]

7-Eleven
7-Eleven
at Mårtenstorget in Lund, Sweden

The Reitan Group
Reitan Group
has held the license in Sweden since December 1997. In the mid-1990s period, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Sweden received adverse publicity due to the unfavourable labour contracts offered by its then-licensee, Small Shops, an American-based company, resulting in many stores being sold and closed down. For a time, there were only 7-Elevens in Stockholm
Stockholm
and Gothenburg. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
returned to the south of Sweden in 2001, when a convenience store opened in Lund. Later in the 2000s, the Swedish 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
chain was involved in controversy when the Swedish TV channel TV3 exposed widespread fraud on the part of the Reitan Group
Reitan Group
in its management of the 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
franchise, which the Reitan Group
Reitan Group
eventually admitted to on its website. On 27 August 2007, the Reitan Group
Reitan Group
and Shell, announced a ten-year agreement to re-brand some 269 service stations across Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark, as 7-Elevens. The contract meant that 7-Eleven would expand from 77 stores to 189 stores in Sweden.[69] The country now has 187 stores. United Kingdom[edit] During the 1980s, small 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
convenience stores were common in the larger towns and cities of London and the South East of England. The first shop opened in London, in Sydenham South East London in 1985.[70] The company ceased trading operations in 1997, but considered resuming UK trading in 2014.[71] North America[edit] Canada[edit]

A 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store with gas station in Woodstock, Ontario, Canada

The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store to open in Canada was in Calgary, Alberta, on June 29, 1969. There are 640 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Canada as of 2017[update].[72] Winnipeg, Manitoba, has the world's largest number of Slurpee
Slurpee
consumers, with an estimated 1,500,000 Slurpees sold since the first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
opened on March 21, 1970.[citation needed][73] All 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
locations in Canada are corporate operated.[74] Like its U.S. counterparts every July 11 the stores offer free Slurpees on "7-Eleven Day". A limited number of 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
locations feature gas stations from Shell Canada, Petro-Canada, or Esso. In November 2005, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
started offering the Speak Out Wireless cellphone service in Canada. 7-Eleven locations also featured CIBC ATMs—in June 2012, these machines were replaced with ATMs operated by Scotiabank. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
abandoned the Ottawa, Ontario, market in December 2009 after selling its six outlets to Quickie Convenience Stores, a regional chain. Following concerns over the fate of Speak Out Wireless customers, Quickie offered to assume existing SpeakOut customers and phones into its Good2Go cellphone program.[75][76] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is similarly absent from the Quebec
Quebec
market due to its saturation by chains like Alimentation Couche-Tard and Boni-soir, and by independent dépanneurs. Mexico[edit] In Mexico, the first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store opened in 1971 in Monterrey
Monterrey
in association with Grupo Chapa (now Iconn) and 7-Eleven, Inc. under the name Super 7. In 1995, Super 7 was renamed to 7-Eleven, which now has 1,835 stores in several areas of the country. When stores are located within classically designed buildings (such as in Centro Histórico buildings) or important landmarks, the storefront logo is displayed in monochrome with gold or silver lettering. The main competitors in Mexico
Mexico
are OXXO
OXXO
(Femsa), Super City (Soriana), and Farmacias Guadalajara, among others. United States[edit]

A 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
store cobranded with Gulf Oil for gasoline sales in Ellwood City, Pennsylvania, U.S.

Supermarket News ranked 7-Eleven's North American operations No. 11 in the 2007 "Top 75 North American Food
Food
Retailers," based on the 2006 fiscal year estimated sales of US$15.0 billion.[77] Based on the 2005 revenue, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
is the 24th largest retailer in the United States.[78] As of 2013[update], 8,144 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
franchised units exist across the United States. Franchise fees range between US$10,000 – $1,000,000 and the ongoing royalty rate varies.[79] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
America has its headquarters in the Cypress Waters development in Irving, Texas.[80][81] Small-size Slurpees are free on " 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Day", on July 11. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Stores of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
have operated independently since 1953 under an agreement with William Brown. It is now led by his son, James Brown.[82] As part of this franchise agreement, 7-Elevens in Oklahoma bear slight differences to stores elsewhere: for instance, products such as Big Bite hot dogs are not sold there, the Slurpee
Slurpee
is branded as the "Icy Drink", and Oklahoma
Oklahoma
stores operate their own loyalty program called "Thx!", which does not intersect with the national 7Rewards system. There are currently 8,421 stores in the country. Fuel[edit] In the U.S., many 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
locations used to have filling stations with gasoline distributed by Citgo, which in 1983 was purchased by Southland Corporation. 50% of Citgo
Citgo
was sold in 1986 to Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A., and the remaining 50% was acquired in 1990. Although Citgo
Citgo
was the predominant partner of 7-Eleven, other oil companies are also co-branded with 7-Eleven, including Fina, Exxon, Gulf, Marathon, BP, Shell, Chevron (some former TETCO convenience stores were co-branded with Chevron, and Texaco prior to the 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
purchase in late 2012), and Pennzoil. Conoco is the largest 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
licensee in North America.[83] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
signed an agreement with ExxonMobil
ExxonMobil
in December 2010 for the acquisition of 183 sites in Florida. This was followed by the acquisition of 51 ExxonMobil
ExxonMobil
sites in North Texas
Texas
in August 2011.[84][85] Oceania[edit] Australia[edit] The first 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
in Australia opened on August 24, 1977, in the Melbourne
Melbourne
suburb of Oakleigh. The majority of stores are located in metropolitan areas, particularly in central business district areas. Stores in suburban areas often operate as petrol stations and most are owned and operated as franchises, with a central administration. 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
bought Mobil's remaining Australian petrol stations in 2010,[86] converting them to 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
outlets, resulting in an immediate and unprecedented overnight major expansion of the brand. In South Australia all Mobil
Mobil
petrol stations were sold to Peregrine Corporation and branded as On the Run petrol stations.[87] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
stores in Australia sell a wide range of items, including daily newspapers, drinks, confectionery, and snack foods. They sell gift cards, including three types of pre-paid Visa cards. The chain has partnered with BankWest, placing a BankWest ATM in each of their stores nationwide. Each year on November 7, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
promotes " 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
Day" by giving away a free Slurpee
Slurpee
to customers.[88] In April 2014, 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
announced plans to start operating stores in Western Australia, with 11 stores planned to operate within the first year and a total of 75 stores established within five years. The first store was opened on October 30, 2014 in the city of Fremantle.[89][90] The country has 675 stores as of January 2018. Wage theft[edit] In August 2015, Fairfax Media
Fairfax Media
and the ABC's Four Corners program reported on the employment practices of certain 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
franchisees in Australia.[91][92] The investigation found that many 7-Eleven employees were being underpaid at rates of around A$10 to A$14 per hour before tax, well under the legally-required minimum award rate of A$24.69 per hour.[91] Franchisees underpaying their staff would typically maintain rosters and pay records that would appear to show the employee being paid the legally-required rate, however these records would in fact only include half of the hours the employee actually worked in a week. Employees would then be paid on the basis of these records, resulting in them effectively being paid half the legally-required rate.[91] It was also reported that workers were often not paid loadings and penalty rates that they are legally entitled to, for working overtime hours, nights, weekends, and public holidays.[91] After these reports came to light and received widespread attention, some employees had alleged to Fairfax Media
Fairfax Media
that they had begun to be paid correctly through the 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
payroll system, however would then be asked by the franchisee to pay back half their wages in cash.[93] 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
subsequently announced they would fund an inquiry to investigate instances of wage fraud. The inquiry is to be conducted by an independent panel chaired by former Australian Competition and Consumer Commission chairman Allan Fels, and with the support of professional services firm Deloitte.[94] The inquiry invited submissions from current and former 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
employees who allege they have been underpaid, and assess each individual claim.[95] In September 2015, chairman Russ Withers and chief executive Warren Wilmon announced they would resign from the company. Deputy chairman Michael Smith replaced Withers, while Bob Baily was appointed as interim chief executive.[96] The Four Corners investigation into 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
won a Walkley Award in 2015.[97] In December 2015, Stewart Levitt of law firm Levitt Robinson Solicitors, who featured prominently in the Four Corners program, announced a potential class action lawsuit against 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
head office on behalf of franchisees who had allegedly been lured into signing on with 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
by false representations.[98] See also[edit]

Companies portal

List of convenience stores

References[edit]

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7-Eleven
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Charoen Pokphand
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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7-Eleven
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 7-Eleven.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: 7-Eleven

Official website 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
global sites index 7-Eleven
7-Eleven
at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived January 29, 1998)

v t e

Convenience stores

v t e

Major convenience stores in Africa

Eastern Africa

National Oil

Northern Africa

Mini-Brahim On the Run

Southern Africa

Sasol Spar Spar Express

v t e

Major convenience stores in Asia

East

759 Store 7-Eleven Circle K CU Daily Yamazaki FamilyMart GS25 Hi-Life Lawson Ministop OK Mart ParknShop Poplar Spar Storyway VanGO emart24

Southeast

108 Shop 7-Eleven All Day Alfamart B's mart Bright Choices Co.op Food Cheers Circle K FairPrice Xpress Fresh Mart Jiffy Lawson Lawson 108 FamilyMart Indomaret Mini Big C Ministop Mesra Shell Select Shop&Go Star Mart Tesco Lotus
Tesco Lotus
Express Tops Daily VanGO

South

Spar

West

Circle K Spar

Former

ampm Buy the Way BP Connect Circle K
Circle K
Sunkus Daily Stop On the Run

v t e

Major convenience stores in Europe

Northern

7-Eleven Bargain Booze Best-One BP Connect Budgens Centra Co-op Food Costcutter David Sands Deli de Luca Happy Shopper Jones Convenience Stores Kwik Save Londis (Ireland) Londis (United Kingdom) Mace Narvesen Nisa On the Run One Stop Pressbyrån R-Kioski McColl's Sainsbury's Local Scotmid Spar Tesco Express Waitrose WHSmith

Southern

Couche-Tard Mac's On the Run Opencor Provi-Soir Spar

Eastern

Billa CBA Eurocash Freshmarket Groszek Małpka Express Piotr i Paweł Polomarket Spar Społem Żabka

Western

Albert Heijn Carrefour City Delhaize Franprix Marché Plus Monoprix On the Run Petit Casino Spar

Former

Jacksons Stores Local Plus Mills Morrisons M Local Somerfield Ugo

v t e

Major convenience stores in North America

Canada

7-Eleven Circle K CST Couche-Tard Irving Mac's Needs On the Run Pioneer Provi-Soir Quickie

Honduras

Circle K

Mexico

7-Eleven Circle K OXXO Super City Tiendas

United States

7-Eleven A-Plus ABC Alimentation Couche-Tard

Circle K CST Holiday

Allsup's ampm Andeavor

Giant SuperAmerica USA Gasoline

Buc-ee's Byrne Dairy Casey's Cenex Chevron Convenient Cumberland Farms Dairy
Dairy
Barn Dari Mart Exxon Gate Petroleum GetGo Global GPM Investments

Village Pantry

Go-Mart High's Dairy
Dairy
Store Jr. Food
Food
Mart Jr. Food
Food
Stores Kroger
Kroger
Convenience Stores

Kwik Shop Loaf 'N Jug Quik Stop Smith's Express Tom Thumb Turkey Hill Minit Markets

Kum & Go Kwik Fill / Red Apple / Country Fair Kwik Trip
Kwik Trip
/ Kwik Star Lawson Love's MAPCO Express Mobil
Mobil
Mart Murphy USA On the Go On the Run PDQ Food
Food
Stores Pilot Flying J Plaid Pantry Quality Dairy
Dairy
Company Quick Chek QuikTrip RaceTrac
RaceTrac
/ RaceWay Road Ranger Roady's Truck Stops Royal Farms Rutter's Sheetz Speedway Stewart's Shops Stripes Convenience Stores Stuckey's Tedeschi Thorntons Inc. Tom's Town Pump TravelCenters of America

Minit Mart

United Dairy
Dairy
Farmers Wawa Weigel's

Former

Becker's BP Connect Getty Town & Country Uni-Mart UtoteM White Hen Wilco

v t e

Major convenience stores in Oceania

Australia

7-Eleven BP Connect NewsLink NightOwl Convenience Stores Spar Express

New Zealand

BP Connect Night 'n Day Woolworths @ Gull

List of

.