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The 5TH CENTURY is the time period from 401
401
to 500
500
in accordance with the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
in Anno Domini
Anno Domini
/ Common Era
Common Era
. The 5th century
5th century
is noted for being a time of repeated disaster and instability both internally and externally for the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
, which finally collapsed, and came to an end in 476 AD. The Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
was ruled by a succession of weak emperors , and true power began to fall increasingly into the hands of powerful generals.

Internal instability and the pressing military problem of foreign invaders resulted in the ransacking of Rome
Rome
by a Visigoth
Visigoth
army in 410 . Some recovery took place during the following decades, but the Western Empire received another serious blow when a second barbarian group, the Vandals
Vandals
, occupied Carthage
Carthage
, capital of the extremely important province of Africa
Africa
.

Attempts to retake the province were interrupted by the invasion of the Huns
Huns
under Attila
Attila
. After Attila's defeat, both Eastern and Western empires joined forces for a final assault on Vandal
Vandal
North Africa, but this campaign was a spectacular failure. In the far east , a lot of nomadic barbarian tribes northern to China
China
immigrated into the central part of China
China
and established a series of dynasties, which launched a 300-year division of China
China
between the north and the south and long-lasting wars.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events * 2 Significant people * 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions * 4 References

EVENTS

Romulus Augustus, Last Western Roman Emperor
Emperor

* 380
380
415
415
: Chandragupta II
Chandragupta II
reigns over the golden age of the Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire
. * 399 412 : The Chinese Buddhist
Buddhist
monk Faxian
Faxian
sails through the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and travels throughout Sri Lanka and India to gather Buddhist
Buddhist
scriptures. * 401
401
: Kumarajiva , a Buddhist
Buddhist
monk and translator of sutras into Chinese, arrives in Chang\'an * Early 5th century
5th century
Baptistry of Neon , Ravenna
Ravenna
, Italy
Italy
, is built. * 5th century
5th century
- North Acropolis, Tikal , Guatemala
Guatemala
, is built. Maya culture . * 405
405
: Mesrop Mashtots
Mesrop Mashtots
introduces number 36 of the 38 letters of the newly created Armenian Alphabet
Armenian Alphabet
* 406 : The eastern frontier of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
collapses as waves of Suebi
Suebi
, Alans , and Vandals
Vandals
cross the then frozen river Rhine
Rhine
near Mainz
Mainz
and enter Gaul
Gaul
. * 407
407
: Constantine III leads many of the Roman military units from Britain to Gaul
Gaul
and occupies Arles
Arles
(Arelate). This is generally seen as Rome's withdrawal from Britain . * 410
410
: Rome
Rome
ransacked by the Visigoths
Visigoths
led by King Alaric . * 411
411
: Suebi
Suebi
establish the first independent Christian kingdom of Western Europe in Gallaecia
Gallaecia
. * 413 : St. Augustine , Bishop of Hippo , begins to write The City of God . * 415
415
455 : Kumaragupta
Kumaragupta
, Gupta emperor * 420
420
: The Jin dynasty comes to an end by Liu Yu . * 420
420
589 : Northern and Southern dynasties
Northern and Southern dynasties
in China
China
. * 426
426
: K\'inich Yax K\'uk\' Mo\' re-established Copan
Copan
.

Copan
Copan

* 430
430
: The Ilopango volcano erupts, thereby devastating the Mayan cities in present-day El Salvador
El Salvador
. * 431 : First Council of Ephesus
First Council of Ephesus
, the third ecumenical council which upholds the title Theotokos
Theotokos
or "mother of God", for Mary , the mother of Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
. * 439 : Vandals
Vandals
conquer Carthage
Carthage
. * At some point after 440
440
, the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
settle in Britain . The traditional story is that they were invited there by Vortigern
Vortigern
. * 450 : Several stone inscriptions were made witness to edicts from West Java. Amongst others, the Tugu inscription announced decrees of Purnavarman , the King of Tarumanagara , one of the earliest Hindu kingdoms of Java. (up until the year 669) * 451 : Council of Chalcedon
Council of Chalcedon
, the fourth ecumenical council which taught Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
as one divine person in two natures. * 451 : The Persians declare war on the Armenians
Armenians
. * 451 : The Huns
Huns
under Attila
Attila
facing the Romans and the Visigoths are defeated in the Battle of Chalons . * 452 : The Metropolis
Metropolis
of Aquileia
Aquileia
is destroyed by Attila
Attila
the Hun and his army. * 452 : Pope Leo I
Pope Leo I
meets in person with Attila
Attila
on the Mincio
Mincio
River and convinces him not to ransack Rome. * 453
453
: Death of Attila. The Hun
Hun
Empire is divided between Atilla's sons. * 454 : Battle of Nedao . Germanic tribes destroy the main Hun
Hun
army and do away with the Hun
Hun
domination. * 455 : Vandals
Vandals
Sack Rome. * 455 : The city of Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza
is founded in Mexico. * 455 467 : Skandagupta
Skandagupta
, the last great Gupta emperor * 469 : Death of Dengizich , last Khan of the Hun
Hun
Empire . * 470
470
: Riothamus , King of the Britons, helps the Roman Emperor
Emperor
in Brittany
Brittany
against the Visigoths
Visigoths
. * 476 : Deposition of Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
by Odoacer
Odoacer
: traditional date for the Fall of Rome
Rome
in the West. * 477
477
or 495 : Chan Buddhists found the Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery
on Mount Song in Henan
Henan
, China
China
. * 480 : Assassination of Julius Nepos
Julius Nepos
, the last de jure Emperor
Emperor
of the Western Roman Empire, in Dalmatia
Dalmatia
. * 481
481
: Clovis I
Clovis I
becomes King of the Western Franks upon the death of Childeric I
Childeric I
. * 482 : This year, the territory of modern Ukraine
Ukraine
established Kiev . * 486 : Clovis defeats Syagrius
Syagrius
and conquers the last free remnants of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
. * 490 : (approximate date) Battle of Mount Badon . According to legend , British forces led by Arthur defeated the invading Saxons
Saxons
. * 491
491
: King Clovis I
Clovis I
defeats and subjugates the Kingdom of Thuringia
Thuringia
in Germany. * 493 : Theodoric the Great
Theodoric the Great
ousts Odoacer
Odoacer
to become King of Italy
Italy
. * 494 : Northern Gaul
Gaul
is united under the Frankish King Clovis I
Clovis I
, founder of the Merovingian dynasty
Merovingian dynasty
. * 496 : Battle of Tolbiac
Battle of Tolbiac
. King Clovis subjugates the Alamanni
Alamanni
, and is baptized as a Catholic with a large number of Franks by Remigius , bishop of Reims
Reims
. * Buddhism
Buddhism
reaches Burma
Burma
and Indonesia
Indonesia
. * African and Indonesian settlers reach Madagascar
Madagascar
. * The Hopewell tradition
Hopewell tradition
comes to an end in North America
North America
.

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

* Aegidius , Gallo-Roman warlord, founder of the Kingdom of Soissons (d. 464/465, reigned 457-464/465). * Aelia Eudoxia
Aelia Eudoxia
, Roman Empress (before 385-404). * Aetius , Roman magister militum , considered the last of the great Roman generals (391-454). * Alaric I
Alaric I
, King of the Visigoths
Visigoths
, primarily known for the Sack of Rome
Rome
in 410
410
(c. 370/375-410, reigned 395-410). * Alaric II , King of the Visigoths
Visigoths
in Toulouse (c. 458/466-507, reigned 484-507). * Ambrosius Aurelianus , war leader of the Romano-British . * Anastasius I Dicorus
Anastasius I Dicorus
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 431-518, reigned 491-518). * Anthemius
Anthemius
, Roman politician, Praetorian prefect of the East , de facto regent (possibly d. 414). Primarily remembered for constructing the Theodosian_Walls . * Anthemius
Anthemius
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 420-472, reigned 467-472). * Arcadius
Arcadius
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(377-408, reigned 383-408). * Ariadne , Roman Empress (c. 450-515). * Arvandus , Roman politician, Praetorian prefect of Gaul
Gaul
, and alleged usurper. * Aspar
Aspar
, Eastern Roman general and politician (c. 400-471). * Ataulf , King of the Visigoths
Visigoths
(c. 370-415, reigned 411-415). * Attila
Attila
, King of the Huns
Huns
* Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
, Bishop, theologian * Avitus
Avitus
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 380/395-456/457, reigned 455-456). * Bahram V , Sassanid
Sassanid
Shah of Persia * Basiliscus
Basiliscus
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(d. 476/477, reigned 475-476). * Basiliscus
Basiliscus
, Roman Caesar (reigned 476-477/478). * Batuo , first abbot of the Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery
* Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma
, founder of Chan Buddhism
Buddhism
* Bonifacius
Bonifacius
, Roman comes and general, in charge of the Diocese of Africa
Africa
(d. 432). * Burdunellus , Roman usurper (d. 496, reigned 496). * Castinus , Roman patricius , general, and politician. * Chandragupta II
Chandragupta II
, (380-415) Gupta Emperor * John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom
, Patriarch of Constantinople
Patriarch of Constantinople
* Clovis I
Clovis I
, King of the Franks (c. 466-511, reigned 481-511). The first Frankish King to unite the Franks; first Barbarian King to convert to Catholicism
Catholicism
. * Constans II , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(d. 411, reigned 409-411). * Constantine III , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(d. 411, reigned 407-411). * Constantius III , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(d. 421, reigned 421). * Cyril of Alexandria
Cyril of Alexandria
, Patriarch of Alexandria , theologian * Dioscorus , Patriarch of Alexandria * Euric , King of the Visigoths
Visigoths
(c. 440-484, reigned 466-484). * Faxian
Faxian
, Chinese Buddhist
Buddhist
monk * Fan Ye , Chinese historian * Galla Placidia
Galla Placidia
, Roman Empress and regent (388-450, reigned 423-437). * Gelasius , Bishop of Rome * Genseric
Genseric
, King of the Vandals
Vandals
and founder of the Vandal
Vandal
Kingdom in North Africa
Africa
(c. 389-477, reigned 428-477). * Gerontius , Roman general and rebel (d. 411). * Glycerius , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 420- after 480, reigned 473-474). * Goar , King of the Alans (before 390-c. 450, reigned 406-c. 450). * Gratian , Roman usurper (d. 407, reigned 407). * Gunderic , King of the Vandals
Vandals
(379-428, reigned 407-428). * Gundobad , Roman Patrician and later King of the Burgundians (c. 452-516, reigned 473-516). * Gunthamund , King of the Vandals, ruler of the Vandal
Vandal
Kingdom (c. 450-496, reigned 484-496). * Gunther
Gunther
, King of the Burgundians (d. 437, reigned c. 407-437). Known primarily for conflicts with the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
and the Huns. He was remembered in medieval legend and he appears as a mythologized figure in the Nibelungenlied
Nibelungenlied
. * Heraclianus , Roman provincial governor and usurper (d. 413, reigned 412-413). * Honorius , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(384-423, reigned 393-423). * Huiyuan , Chinese Buddhist * Huneric
Huneric
, King of the Vandals, ruler of the Vandal
Vandal
Kingdom (d. 484, reigned 477-484). * Hypatia of Alexandria
Hypatia of Alexandria
, woman philosopher * Illus
Illus
, Byzantine general and rebel (d. 488). * Jerome
Jerome
, Christian hermit, priest, Latin
Latin
translator of the Bible and author of theological works. * Joannes
Joannes
, Roman usurper (d. 425, reigned 423-425). * John Cassian
John Cassian
, Christian monk and theologian * Jovinus , Gallo-Roman senator and usurper (d. 413, reigned 411-413). * Julius Nepos
Julius Nepos
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 430-480, reigned 474-480). * Justa , Byzantine rebel, leader of a Samaritan revolt (reigned 484). * Kālidāsa , Great Sanskrit poet * K\'inich Popol Hol , Ruler of Copan
Copan
437-455 * K\'inich Yax K\'uk\' Mo\' , Ruler of Copan
Copan
426-437 * Ku Ix , Ruler of Copan
Copan
465-476 * Kumaragupta
Kumaragupta
I , Gupta emperor * Kumarajiva , (344-413), Kuchean Buddhist
Buddhist
monk and Chinese translator * Muyal Jol , Ruler of Copan
Copan
485-504 * Leo I , Bishop of Rome, theologian * Leo I the Thracian
Leo I the Thracian
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(401-474, reigned 457-474). * Leo II , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(467-474, reigned 474). * Leontius , Byzantine usurper and rebel (d. 488, reigned 484-488). * Libius Severus , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 420-465, reigned 461-465). * Longinus , Byzantine politician and rebel, instigator of the Isaurian War . * Longinus of Cardala , Byzantine politician and rebel, fought in the Isaurian War (d. 497). * Majorian
Majorian
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 420-461, reigned 457-461). * Marcian , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(392-457, reigned 450-457). * Marcian , Byzantine usurper (reigned c. 479-484). * Marcus , Roman usurper (d. 407, reigned 406-407). * Marcus , Roman Caesar and briefly co-emperor (d. 476, reigned 475-476). * Masties , Roman-Berber ruler in North Africa. * Maximus of Hispania , Roman usurper (d. 422, reigned 409-411, 419-421). * Mesrop Mashtots
Mesrop Mashtots
, Armenian monk * Nestorius , Archbishop of Constantinople
Constantinople
, father of Nestorian heresy * Niall Noigiallach , founder of one of Ireland
Ireland
's greatest dynasties * Odoacer
Odoacer
, Scirian general, later King of Italy
Italy
(433-493, reigned 476-493). * Olybrius
Olybrius
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(d. 472, reigned 472). * Orestes , Roman general and politician (d. 476). * Palladius , Roman Caesar (c. 420-455, reigned 455). * Patricius , Roman Caesar (reigned 470-471). * Patrick , (Patricius) Catholic Bishop, missionary to Ireland * Pei Songzhi , Chinese historian * Pelagius , Catholic priest; father of Pelagianism
Pelagianism
* Petronius Maximus , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 396-455, reigned 455). * Priscus Attalus , Roman usurper (d. after 416, reigned 409, 414-415). * Pulcheria
Pulcheria
, Roman Empress and regent (398/399-453, reigned 414-453). * Rechiar
Rechiar
, King of Galicia (d. 456, reigned 448-456). * Ricimer
Ricimer
, Western Roman general, politician, and ruler (c. 405-472). * Riothamus , King of the Britons, a candidate for the legendary King Arthur
King Arthur
* Romanus , Roman usurper (d. 470, reigned 470). * Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 461- after 507, reigned 475-476). * Tyrannius Rufinus , priest of Aquileia
Aquileia
, hermit, Latin
Latin
translator * Sebastianus , Roman usurper (d. 413, reigned 412-413). * Skandagupta
Skandagupta
, Gupta emperor * Socrates Scholasticus , Byzantine Church historian * Sozomen , Christian church historian * Stilicho
Stilicho
, Roman magister militum , de facto regent of the Western Roman Empire (c. 359-408). * Syagrius
Syagrius
, Roman military commander, last ruler of the Kingdom of Soissons (430-486/487, reigned 464-486). * Theoderic the Great
Theoderic the Great
, king of the Ostrogoths and ruler of Italy (454-526, reigned 475-526). * Theodoric II
Theodoric II
, King of the Visigoths
Visigoths
(c. 426-466, reigned 453-466). * Theodosius II
Theodosius II
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(401-450, reigned 408-450). * Valentinian III
Valentinian III
, Roman Emperor
Emperor
(419-455, reigned 425-455). * Verina , Roman Empress (d. 484). * Vortigern
Vortigern
, warlord in Sub-Roman Britain
Sub-Roman Britain
, remembered as a King of the Britons . * Emperor
Emperor
Xiaowen of Northern Wei , barbaric-born Chinese emperor of northern China
China
who promoted traditional Chinese culture. * Yazdegerd I , Sassanid
Sassanid
Shah of Persia * Zeno , Roman Emperor
Emperor
(c. 425-491, reigned 474-475, 476-491). * Zu Chongzhi , Chinese astronomer and mathematician

INVENTIONS, DISCOVERIES, INTRODUCTIONS

* Horse collar
Horse collar
invented in China
China
* Heavy plow in use in Slavic lands * Metal horseshoes become common in Gaul * Anglo-Saxon runes alphabet introduced in England
England
* Armenian alphabet
Armenian alphabet
created by Mesrob Mashtots c. 405
405

REFERENCES

* ^ Taylor (2003), p. 19. * ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994. * ^ "Kyiv’s 1,530th birthday marked with fun, protest". * ^ "Kalidasa - Indian author". britannica.com.

* Millennia * Centuries * Decades * Years

* v * t * e

Decades and years

5TH CENTURY 3rd century
3rd century
 ←  4th century
4th century
 ← ↔ → 6th century  →  7th century
7th century

390S 390
390
391 392 393 394
394
395 396
396
397 398
398
399

400S 400
400
401
401
402
402
403
403
404 405
405
406 407
407
408 409
409

410S 410
410
411
411
412 413 414 415
415
416 417 418 419
419

420S 420
420
421 422 423 424
424
425
425
426
426
427
427
428
428
429

430S 430
430
431 432 433
433
434
434
435 436 437
437
438 439

440S 440
440
441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449

450S 450 451 452 453
453
454 455 456 457 458 459

460S 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469

470S 470
470
471 472 473 474 475
475
476 477
477
478 479

480S 480 481
481
482 483 484
484
485
485
486 487
487
488 489

490S 490 491
491
492 493 494 495 496 497 498
498
499

500S 500
500
501
501
502