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2004 was designated as the International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) and the International Year to Commemorate the Struggle Against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO).

Events



January

* January 3Flash Airlines Flight 604 crashes into the Red Sea off the coast of Egypt, killing all 148 aboard, making it one of the deadliest aviation accidents in Egyptian history at the time. * January 4 – NASA's MER-A (Spirit) spacecraft lands on the surface of Mars. * January 8 – The RMS Queen Mary 2, at the time the largest ocean liner ever built, is christened by its namesake's granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II. * January 25 – NASA's MER-B (Opportunity) spacecraft lands on the surface of Mars. * January 26 – The current Constitution of Afghanistan is adopted.

February

* February 4 - Mark Zuckerberg creates the social networking site Facebook (for Harvard University only at the time). * February 26Macedonian president Boris Trajkovski is killed in a plane crash near Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. * February 29Haitian president Jean-Bertrand Aristide is overthrown in a coup d'état.

March

* March 2A series of bombings occur in Karbala, Iraq, killing over 140 Shia Muslims commemorating the Day of Ashura. * March 11Coordinated bombings at a Cercanías train station in Madrid, Spain, kill at least 192 people. *March 14 – The PSOE wins the election in Spain; José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero is elected Prime Minister of Spain, replacing José María Aznar. * March 28Hurricane Catarina, the first ever recorded South Atlantic tropical cyclone, makes landfall in Santa Catarina, Brazil. * March 29Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia are admitted to NATO, the largest expansion of the organization.

April

* April 8 – The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups, in order to put a pause on the War in Darfur. * April 17Israeli helicopters fire missiles at a convoy of vehicles in the Gaza Strip, killing Hamas leader Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi. * April 24Referendums on the Annan Plan for Cyprus, which proposes to reunite the island, take place in both the Greek-controlled and the Turkish-controlled parts. Although the Turkish Cypriots vote in favour, the Greek Cypriots reject the proposal.

May

* May 1 – The European Union expands by 10 new member states: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. * May 1215 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2004 takes place in Istanbul, Turkey, and is won by Ukrainian entrant Ruslana with the song "Wild Dances".

June

* June 82004 transit of Venus. * June 12July 4Portugal hosts the UEFA Euro 2004 football tournament, which is won by Greece. * June 21 – In Mojave, California, SpaceShipOne becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight. * June 28 – The U.S.-led coalition occupying Iraq, the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), transfers sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government. * June 30 – Preliminary hearings begin in Iraq in the trial of president Saddam Hussein, for war crimes and crimes against humanity.

July

* July 1 - The unmanned ''Cassini–Huygens'' spacecraft arrives at Saturn. * July 11 - The Russian Federation stops recognizing Soviet Union passports as legal identification.

August

* August 1 – A fire in the "Ycua Bolaños-Botánico" supermarket in Asunción, Paraguay kills around 400 people. * August 3NASA's unmanned ''MESSENGER'' spacecraft is launched, with its primary mission being the study of Mercury. *August 12Lee Hsien Loong is sworn in as the third Prime Minister of Singapore. * August 1329 – The 2004 Summer Olympics are held in Athens, Greece. * August 22 – Armed robbers steal Edvard Munch's ''The Scream'', ''Madonna'', and other paintings from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway. * August 24 – After departing Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow, Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303, a Tupolev Tu-134, explodes over Russia's Tula Oblast and crashes, killing all 43 people on board; minutes later, Siberia Airlines Flight 1047, a Tupolev Tu-154 departing the same airport, explodes over Rostov Oblast and crashes, killing all 46 on board. The Government of Russia declares the explosions to have been caused by female Chechen suicide bombers. * August 29Michael Schumacher won his 7th and last World Championship with Scuderia Ferrari in F1

September

* September 1Chechen rebels take 1,128 people hostage, mostly children, at a school in Beslan, Russia. The crisis ends when Russian security forces storm the building, resulting in more than 330 people being killed. * September 9A car bomb of the Jemaah Islamiyah explodes at the Australian embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing 9 people.

October

* October 8 – Suicide bombers detonate two bombs at the Red Sea resort of Taba, Egypt, killing 34 people and injuring 171, mostly Israeli tourists. * October 92004 Australian federal election: John Howard's Liberal/National Coalition Government is re-elected with an increased majority, defeating the Labor Party led by Mark Latham. * October 19 – A team of explorers reach the bottom of Krubera Cave, the world's deepest cave, with a depth of 2,080 meters (6,824 feet). * October 20Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono is sworn in as the 6th President of Indonesia, becoming the first directly elected president in Indonesia. *October 29 – European heads of state sign in Rome the Treaty and Final Act, establishing the first European Constitution.

November

*November 2George W. Bush was reelected President of the United States. * November 13 – The European Space Agency unmanned probe SMART-1 arrives at the Moon, becoming the first European satellite to fly to the Moon and orbit it. * November 16NASA's hypersonic ''Scramjet'' breaks a record by reaching a velocity of about 7,000 mph (Mach 9.6) in an unmanned experimental flight. * November 21 – The Nintendo DS, the best selling handheld game console of all time, is released in North America. * November 22 – The Orange Revolution begins following a disputed presidential election in Ukraine where Viktor Yanukovych won against Viktor Yushchenko amid accusations of electoral fraud. A revote results in Yushchenko being declared the winner.

December

* December 14 – The world's tallest bridge, the Millau Viaduct over the Tarn in the Massif Central mountains, France, is officially opened. * December 21 – Iraqi insurgents attack a U.S. military base in the city of Mosul, killing 22 people. * December 26 – The 9.1–9.3 Indian Ocean earthquake shakes northern Sumatra with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (''Violent''). One of the largest observed tsunamis follows, affecting coastal areas of Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, and Indonesia, killing over 200,000 people. * December 27 – Astrophysicists from the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching near Munich measure the strongest burst from a magnetar. At 21:30:26 UT Earth is hit by a huge wave front of gamma and X-rays. It is the strongest flux of high-energetic gamma radiation measured so far. * December 30 – A fire in the República Cromañón nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194. * December 31Taipei 101, at the time the tallest skyscraper in the world, standing at a height of , officially opens.

Births

* January 7Sofia Wylie, American actress and dancer * January 15Grace VanderWaal, American singer-songwriter * January 21Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway * February 19Millie Bobby Brown, English actress and producer * March 5Choi Soo-in, South Korean child actress *March 13Coco Gauff, American tennis player * March 27Amira Willighagen, Dutch singer * March 28Anna Shcherbakova, Russian figure skater * April 9TommyInnit, YouTuber and Twitch streamer * April 14Anastasia Tarakanova, Russian figure skater * April 16Elha Nympha, Filipino singer * April 23Teagan Croft, Australian actress * May 1Charli D'Amelio, American dancer and social media personality * May 4Kanon Tani, Japanese actress * May 12Émilie Bierre, Canadian actress * May 27You Young, South Korean figure skater * June 1Miyu Honda, Japanese actress * June 17Fuku Suzuki, Japanese actor and singer * June 23 ** Alexandra Trusova, Russian figure skater ** Mana Ashida, Japanese actress * September 23Anthony Gonzalez, American actor * September 25Seiran Kobayashi, Japanese actress * October 3Noah Schnapp, American actor * October 5Choi Kwon-soo, South Korean actor * October 6Bronny James, American basketball player * October 10Zain Al Rafeea, Syrian-born actor * October 12Darci Lynne, American ventriloquist * November 20Youssoufa Moukoko, German footballer * December 5Jules LeBlanc, American internet personality and actress * December 6Lala Kramarenko, Russian gymnast

Deaths



January

* January 4Joan Aiken, English writer (b. 1924) * January 6Pierre Charles, 5th Prime Minister of Dominica (b. 1954) * January 7Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (b. 1926) * January 9Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909) *January 11Spalding Gray, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1941) * January 13Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946) * January 14 ** Terje Bakken, Norwegian musician (b. 1978) ** Uta Hagen, American actress (b. 1919) * January 16Kalevi Sorsa, Finnish politician, 34th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1930) * January 17Czesław Niemen, Polish singer-songwriter (b. 1939) *January 18Galina Gavrilovna Korchuganova, Russian-born Soviet test pilot and aerobatics champion (b. 1935) * January 22Ann Miller, American dancer and actress (b. 1923) * January 23Helmut Newton, German-Australian photographer (b. 1920) * January 25 ** Fanny Blankers-Koen, Dutch athlete (b. 1918) ** Miklós Fehér, Hungarian footballer (b. 1979) * January 27Jack Paar, American author, actor, radio comedian, and talk show host (b. 1918) * January 28Joe Viterelli, American actor (b. 1937)

February

* February 14Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist (b. 1970) * February 17José López Portillo, 51st President of Mexico (b. 1920) * February 21John Charles, Welsh footballer (b. 1931) * February 24John Randolph, American actor (b. 1915) * February 26 ** Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. 1905) ** Boris Trajkovski, 2nd president of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1956) * February 27Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (b. 1910) * February 28Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914) * February 29Harold Bernard St. John, 3rd Prime Minister of Barbados (b. 1931)

March

* March 2Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (b. 1916) * March 4Claude Nougaro, French singer (b. 1929) * March 5Carlos Julio Arosemena Monroy, 31st President of Ecuador (b. 1919) * March 7Paul Winfield, American actor (b. 1939) * March 8Muhammad Zaidan, founder of the Palestine Liberation Front (b. 1948) * March 15John Pople, English Nobel chemist (b. 1925) * March 18Abdujalil Samadov, 4th Prime Minister of Tajikistan (b. 1949) * March 20Juliana, Queen regnant of the Netherlands (b. 1909) * March 22Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian co-founder of Hamas (b. 1937) * March 29Peter Ustinov, English actor and director (b. 1921) * March 30Alistair Cooke, English-born American journalist and broadcaster (b. 1908)

April

* April 1Carrie Snodgress, American actress (b. 1945) * April 10Jacek Kaczmarski, Polish singer, songwriter, poet and author (b. 1957) * April 15Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (b. 1934) * April 17Abdel Aziz al-Rantisi, Palestinian Hamas leader (b. 1947) * April 18Kamisese Mara, 1st Prime Minister and 2nd president of Fiji (b. 1920) * April 19John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920) * April 22Pat Tillman, American football player (b. 1976) * April 24Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (b. 1906) *April 25Thom Gunn, English poet (b. 1929) * April 26Hubert Selby Jr., American writer (b. 1928)

May

* May 4David Reimer, Canadian victim of a botched circumcision and transgender reassignment surgery (b. 1965) * May 5Ritsuko Okazaki, Japanese songwriter (b. 1959) * May 6Barney Kessel, American jazz guitarist (b. 1923) * May 7Nicholas Berg, American businessman (b. 1978) * May 9Alan King, American actor and comedian (b. 1927) * May 14Anna Lee, British-born American actress (b. 1913) * May 16Marika Rökk, Egyptian-born Austrian singer, dancer and actress (b. 1913) * May 17 ** Tony Randall, American actor (b. 1920) ** Ezzedine Salim, 45th Prime Minister of Iraq (b. 1943) * May 18Elvin Jones, American jazz drummer (b. 1927) * May 22 ** Richard Biggs, American television and stage actor (b. 1960) ** Mikhail Voronin, Russian gymnast (b. 1945) * May 29Archibald Cox, American lawyer and professor (b. 1912)

June

* June 1William Manchester, American historian (b. 1922) * June 2 ** Dom Moraes, Indian poet and writer (b. 1938) ** Tesfaye Gebre Kidan, Ethiopian general, defense minister and acting president of Ethiopia (b. c. 1935) * June 3Quorthon, Swedish singer, songwriter, musician and record producer (b. 1966) * June 4Steve Lacy, American jazz soprano saxophonist (b. 1934) * June 5Ronald Reagan, American politician and actor, 40th President of the United States (b. 1911) * June 10 ** Ray Charles, American singer and musician (b. 1930) ** Xenophon Zolotas, Greek economist and politician, interim Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1904) * June 16Thanom Kittikachorn, Thai military general, 10th Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1911) * June 22Thomas Gold, American astrophysicist (b. 1920) * June 26Naomi Shemer, Israeli songwriter (b. 1931)

July

thumb|120px|Zenkō Suzuki * July 1Marlon Brando, American actor (b. 1924) * July 2Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese poet and writer (b. 1919) * July 5 ** Hugh Shearer, Jamaican politician, 3rd Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923) ** Rodger Ward, American race car driver (b. 1921) * July 6 ** Eric Douglas, American actor (b. 1958) ** Thomas Klestil, Austrian politician and diplomat, 10th President of Austria (b. 1932) * July 8Paula Danziger, American children's and young adult novelist (born 1945) * July 10 ** Isabel Sanford, American actress (b. 1917) ** Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo, 108th Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1930) * July 13Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (b. 1930) * July 16Charles Sweeney, American WWII pilot (b. 1919) * July 19Zenkō Suzuki, Japanese politician, 44th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911) * July 21 ** Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1929) ** Edward B. Lewis, American Nobel geneticist (b. 1918) * July 22Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933) * July 23Joe Cahill, Irish paramilitary leader, Chief of Staff for the Provisional IRA (b. 1920) * July 28Francis Crick, English Nobel molecular biologist (b. 1916) * July 31Virginia Grey, American actress (b. 1917)

August

* August 1Philip Abelson, American Nobel physicist (b. 1913) * August 3Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer (b. 1908) * August 6Rick James, American musician (b. 1948) * August 8Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (b. 1907) * August 12Godfrey Hounsfield, English Nobel electrical engineer and inventor (b. 1919) * August 13Julia Child, American chef (b. 1912) * August 14Czesław Miłosz, Polish-born Nobel writer (b. 1911) * August 15Sune Bergström, Swedish Nobel biochemist (b. 1916) * August 17Frank Cotroni, Canadian mobster (b. 1931) * August 18Elmer Bernstein, American composer (b. 1922) * August 24Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926) * August 26Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1952) * August 29Leonardus Benjamin Moerdani, Indonesian military force commander (b. 1932) * August 30Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (b. 1906)

September

* September 1 - 3 - 334 people (mostly children) have been killed during a siege in a school located in Beslan, Russia; responsible was a rebel group from Chechnya, led by Shamil Bassayev * September 8Frank Thomas, American animator and pianist (b. 1912) * September 11Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria (b. 1949) * September 13Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist (b. 1925) * September 15 ** Johnny Ramone, American guitarist (b. 1948) ** Daouda Malam Wanké, 6th President of Niger (b. 1946) * September 18 ** Russ Meyer, American director and photographer (b. 1922) ** Klara Rumyanova, Soviet and Russian actress and voice actress (b. 1929) * September 19Skeeter Davis, American country music singer-songwriter (b. 1931) * September 20Brian Clough, British football manager (b. 1935) * September 22 ** Winston Cenac, 3rd Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (b. 1925) ** Ray Traylor Jr., American professional wrestler (b. 1963) * September 23Bryce DeWitt, American theoretical physicist (b. 1923) * September 24Françoise Sagan, French writer (b. 1935)

October

* October 1Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923) * October 3Janet Leigh, American actress (b. 1927) * October 4Gordon Cooper, American astronaut (b. 1927) * October 5 ** Rodney Dangerfield, American comedian and actor (b. 1921) ** Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born Nobel physicist (b. 1916) * October 7Miki Matsubara, Japanese composer and singer (b.1959) * October 8Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (b. 1930) * October 10Christopher Reeve, American actor and activist (b. 1952) * October 11Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919) * October 17Julius Harris, American actor (b. 1923) * October 23Bill Nicholson, English footballer, coach and manager (b. 1919) * October 25John Peel, British radio disc jockey (b. 1939) * October 29Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (b. 1901)

November

* November 1Mac Dre, American rapper (b. 1970) * November 2 ** Theo van Gogh, Dutch film director (b. 1957) ** Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, 1st president of the United Arab Emirates (b. 1918) * November 3Sergejs Žoltoks, Latvian hockey player (b. 1972) *November 6Fred Dibnah English Steeplejack and Television personality (b. 1938) * November 7Howard Keel, American singer and actor (b. 1919) * November 9 ** Iris Chang, American journalist (b. 1968) ** Emlyn Hughes, English footballer (b. 1947) ** Stieg Larsson, Swedish writer (b. 1954) * November 11Yasser Arafat, Palestinian Nobel leader (b. 1929) * November 13 ** John Balance, English musician, occultist, artist and poet (b. 1962) ** Ol' Dirty Bastard, American rapper (b. 1968) * November 17Alexander Ragulin, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1941) * November 18Robert Bacher, American physicist (b. 1905) * November 19John Vane, British Nobel pharmacologist (b. 1927) * November 23Rafael Eitan, Israeli politician (b. 1929) * November 24Arthur Hailey, British-Canadian novelist (b. 1920) * November 26Philippe de Broca, French film director (b. 1933) * November 29 ** Yvonne Aitken, Australian botanist (b. 1911) ** John Drew Barrymore, American actor (b. 1932)

December

* December 1Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Prince consort of the Netherlands (b. 1911) * December 8Dimebag Darrell, American guitarist (b. 1966) * December 14Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor, director and politician (b. 1939) * December 19 ** Herbert C. Brown, English-born Nobel chemist (b. 1912) ** Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (b. 1922) * December 23P. V. Narasimha Rao, Indian politician, 10th Prime Minister of India (b. 1921) * December 28 ** Jerry Orbach, American actor (b. 1935) ** Susan Sontag, American writer and activist (b. 1933) * December 29Julius Axelrod, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1912) * December 30Artie Shaw, American musician (b. 1910) * December 31Gérard Debreu, French-born Nobel economist (b. 1921)

Nobel Prizes

* ChemistryAaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko, Irwin Rose * EconomicsFinn E. Kydland, Edward C. Prescott * LiteratureElfriede Jelinek * PeaceWangari Maathai * PhysicsDavid J. Gross, H. David Politzer, Frank Wilczek * Physiology or MedicineLinda B. Buck, Richard Axel

New English words and terms

*''e-waste'' *''life hack'' *''paywall'' *''podcast'' *''roentgenium'' *''Silver Alert'' *''social media'' *''waterboarding''

References

{{DEFAULTSORT:2004 Category:Leap years in the Gregorian calendar