The 1966 FIFA World Cup, the eighth staging of the World Cup, was held in England from 11 to 30 July. England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final, winning the Jules Rimet Trophy. With this victory, England won their first FIFA World Cup title and became the third host nation to win the tournament after Uruguay in 1930 and Italy in 1934.

The 1966 Final, held at Wembley Stadium,[1] was the last to be broadcast in black and white.[2] The tournament held a FIFA record for the largest average attendance, for 28 years, until it was surpassed by the United States in 1994.

Host selection

England was chosen as host of the 1966 World Cup in Rome, Italy on 22 August 1960, over rival bids from West Germany and Spain.


Despite the Africans' absence, there was another new record number of entries for the qualifying tournament, with 70 nations taking part. After all the arguments, FIFA finally ruled that ten teams from Europe would qualify, along with four from South America, one from Asia and one from North and Central America.

Portugal and North Korea qualified for the first time. Portugal would not qualify again until 1986, while North Korea's next appearance was at the 2010 tournament. This was also Switzerland's last World Cup finals until 1994. Notable absentees from this tournament included 1962 semi-finalists Yugoslavia and 1962 finalists Czechoslovakia.

African boycott

Thirty-one African nations boycotted the tournament to protest a 1964 FIFA ruling that required the three second-round winners from the African zone to enter a play-off round against the winners of the Asian zone in order to qualify for the World Cup, as they felt winning their zone was enough in itself to merit qualification. They also protested against the readmission of South Africa to FIFA in 1963, despite its expulsion from CAF due to the apartheid regime in 1958.

South Africa was subsequently assigned to the Asia and Oceania qualifying group before being disqualified after being suspended again due to pressure from other African nations in October 1964. Despite this, after FIFA refused to change the qualifying format, the African teams decided anyway to pull out of the World Cup until at least one African team had a place assured in the World Cup, something which was put in place for the 1970 FIFA World Cup and all subsequent World Cup finals.[3]

List of qualified teams

The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.


The format of the 1966 competition remained the same as 1962: 16 qualified teams were divided into four groups of four. Each group played a round-robin format. Two points were awarded for a win and one point for a draw, with goal average used to separate teams equal on points. The top two teams in each group advanced to the knockout stage.

In the knockout games, if the teams were tied after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. For any match other than the final, if the teams were still tied after extra time, lots would be drawn to determine the winner. The final would have been replayed if tied after extra time. In the event, no replays or drawing of lots was necessary.


The 1966 World Cup had a rather unusual hero off the field, a dog called Pickles. In the build-up to the tournament, the Jules Rimet trophy was stolen from an exhibition display. A nationwide hunt for the icon ensued. It was later discovered wrapped in newspaper as the dog sniffed under some bushes in London. The FA commissioned a replica cup in case the original cup was not found in time. This replica is held at the English National Football Museum in Manchester, where it is on display.[4]

The draw for the final tournament, taking place on 6 January 1966 at the Royal Garden Hotel in London was the first ever to be televised, with England, West Germany, Brazil and Italy as seeds.[5]

The opening match took place on Monday 11 July. With the exception of the first tournament, which commenced on 13 July 1930, every other tournament (up to and including 2018) has commenced in May or June. The final took place on 30 July 1966, the 36th anniversary of the first final. This remains the latest date that any tournament has concluded. The reason for the unusually late scheduling of the tournament appears to lie with the outside broadcast commitments of the BBC, which also had commitments to cover Wimbledon (which ran between 20 June and 2 July) and the Open Golf Championship (6 to 9 July).

First round

Wolfgang Weber (left) and Luis Artime during the match between West Germany and Argentina

1966 was a World Cup with few goals as the teams began to play much more tactically and defensively. This was exemplified by Alf Ramsey's England as they finished top of Group 1 with only four goals, but having none scored against them. They also became the first World Cup winning team not to win its first game in the tournament. Uruguay were the other team to qualify from that group at the expense of both Mexico and France. All the group's matches were played at Wembley Stadium apart from the match between Uruguay and France which took place at White City Stadium.

In Group 2, West Germany and Argentina qualified with ease as they both finished the group with 5 points, Spain managed 2, while Switzerland left the competition after losing all three group matches. FIFA cautioned Argentina for its violent style in the group games, particularly in the scoreless draw with West Germany, which saw Argentinean Rafael Albrecht get sent off and suspended for the next match.[6][7]

In the northwest of England, Old Trafford and Goodison Park played host to Group 3 which saw the two-time defending champions Brazil finish in third place behind Portugal and Hungary, and be eliminated along with Bulgaria. Brazil were defeated 3–1 by Hungary in a classic encounter before falling by the same scoreline to Portugal in a controversial game. Portugal appeared in the finals for the first time, and made quite an impact. They won all three of their games in the group stage, with a lot of help from their outstanding striker Eusébio, whose nine goals made him the tournament's top scorer.

Group 4, however, provided the biggest upset when North Korea beat Italy 1–0 at Ayresome Park, Middlesbrough and finished above them, thus earning qualification to the next round along with the Soviet Union. This was the first time that a nation from outside Europe or the Americas had progressed from the first stage of a World Cup: the next would be Morocco in 1986.

Quarter-finals, semi-finals, and third-place match

Results of 1966 FIFA World Cup
World map showing results of participants of the 1966 soccer world cup
  Champion   Runner-up   3rd place   4th place   1/4-finals   Group stage

The quarter-finals provided a controversial victory for West Germany as they cruised past Uruguay 4–0; the South Americans claimed that this occurred only after the referee (who was Jim Finney, from England) had not recognised a handball by Schnellinger on the goal line and then had sent off two players from Uruguay: Horacio Troche and Héctor Silva.[8] It appeared as though the surprise package North Korea would claim another major upset in their match against Portugal at Goodison Park, when after 22 minutes they led 3–0. It fell to one of the greatest stars of the tournament, Eusébio, to change that. He scored four goals in the game and José Augusto added a fifth in the 78th minute to earn Portugal a 5–3 win.

Meanwhile, in the other two games, Ferenc Bene's late goal for Hungary against the Soviet Union, who were led by Lev Yashin's stellar goalkeeping, proved little more than a consolation as they crashed out 2–1, and the only goal between Argentina and England came courtesy of England's Geoff Hurst. During that controversial game (for more details see Argentina and England football rivalry), Argentina's Antonio Rattín became the first player to be sent off in a senior international football match at Wembley.[9] Rattín at first refused to leave the field and eventually had to be escorted by several policemen. After 30 minutes England scored the only goal of the match. This game is called el robo del siglo (the robbery of the century) in Argentina.[10]

Eusébio finished as the tournament's top scorer, and also featured in the all-star team

All semi-finalists were from Europe. The venue of the first semi-final between England and Portugal was changed from Goodison Park in Liverpool to Wembley, due to Wembley's larger capacity. This larger capacity was particularly significant during a time when ticket revenue was of crucial importance.[11] Bobby Charlton scored both goals in England's win, with Portugal's goal coming from a penalty in the 82nd minute after a handball by Jack Charlton on the goal line.[12][13] The other semi-final also finished 2–1: Franz Beckenbauer scoring the winning goal with a left foot shot from the edge of the area for West Germany as they beat the Soviet Union.[14]

Portugal went on to beat the Soviet Union 2–1 to take third place. Portugal's third place remains the best finish by a team making its World Cup debut since 1934. It was subsequently equalled by Croatia in the 1998 tournament.


London's Wembley Stadium was the venue for the final, and 98,000 people attended. After 12 minutes 32 seconds Helmut Haller put West Germany ahead, but the score was levelled by Geoff Hurst four minutes later. Martin Peters put England in the lead in the 78th minute; England looked set to claim the title when the referee awarded a free kick to West Germany with one minute left. The ball was launched goalward and Wolfgang Weber scored, with England appealing in vain for handball as the ball came through the crowded penalty area.[15]

With the score level at 2–2 at the end of 90 minutes, the game went to extra time. In the 98th minute, Hurst found himself on the scoresheet again; his shot hit the crossbar, bounced down onto the goal line, and was awarded as a goal. Debate has long raged over whether the ball crossed the line, with the goal becoming part of World Cup history; Ian Reid and Andrew Zisserman claim to prove that the ball did not cross the line.[16] England's final goal was scored by Hurst again, as a celebratory pitch invasion began. This made Geoff Hurst the only player ever to have scored three times in a World Cup final.[15] BBC commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme's description of the match's closing moments has gone down in history: "Some people are on the pitch. They think it's all over ... [Hurst scores] It is now!".[17]

England's total of eleven goals scored in six games set a new record low for average goals per game scored by a World Cup winning team. The record stood until 1982, when it was surpassed by Italy's twelve goals in seven games; in 2010 this record was lowered again by Spain, winning the Cup with eight goals in seven games. England's total of three goals conceded also constituted a record low for average goals per game conceded by a World Cup winning team. That record stood until 1994, when it was surpassed by Brazil's three goals in seven games. Spain again lowered the record to two goals by conceding them during the group stage and then shutting out its four knockout stage opponents by 1–0 scores.

England received the recovered Jules Rimet trophy from Elizabeth II and were crowned World Cup winners for the first time.[15]

In this World Cup edition, the national anthems were played only in the final. They were not played in the earlier matches because the organisers (Fifa and the FA) feared that North Korea's presence - a socialist country that is not recognized by United Kingdom - in the World Cup would cause problems with South Korea. An office memo of the Foreign Office months before the finals stated that the solution would be "denying the visas to North Korean players".[18]


World Cup Willie, the mascot for the 1966 competition, was the first World Cup mascot, and one of the first mascots to be associated with a major sporting competition. World Cup Willie is a lion, a typical symbol of the United Kingdom, wearing a Union Flag jersey emblazoned with the words "WORLD CUP".


Eight venues were used for this World Cup. The youngest and biggest venue used was Wembley Stadium in west London, which was 43 years old in 1966. As was often the case in the World Cup, group matches were played in two venues in close proximity to each other. Group 1 matches (which included the hosts) were all played in London: five at Wembley, which was England's national stadium and was considered to be the most important football venue in the world; and one at White City Stadium in west London, which was used as a temporary replacement for nearby Wembley. The group stage match between Uruguay and France played at White City Stadium (originally built for the 1908 Summer Olympics) was scheduled for a Friday, the same day as regularly scheduled greyhound racing at Wembley. Because Wembley's owner refused to cancel this, the game had to be moved to the alternative venue in London. Group 2's matches were played at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield and Villa Park in Birmingham; Group 3's matches were played at Old Trafford in Manchester and Goodison Park in Liverpool; and Group 4's matches were played at Ayresome Park in Middlesbrough and Roker Park in Sunderland.

The most used venue was Wembley, which was used for nine matches, including all six featuring England, the final and the third-place match. Goodison Park was used for five matches, Roker Park and Hillsborough both hosted four, while Old Trafford, Villa Park and Ayresome Park each hosted three matches and did not host any knockout round matches.

London Manchester
Wembley Stadium White City Stadium Old Trafford
51°33′20″N 0°16′47″W / 51.55556°N 0.27972°W / 51.55556; -0.27972 (Wembley Stadium) 51°30′49″N 0°13′39″W / 51.51361°N 0.22750°W / 51.51361; -0.22750 (White City Stadium) 53°27′47″N 2°17′29″W / 53.46306°N 2.29139°W / 53.46306; -2.29139 (Old Trafford)
Capacity:98,600 Capacity:76,567 Capacity:58,000
Old Wembley Stadium (external view).jpg White City Stadium 1908.jpg Stretford end 1992.JPG
Villa Park
52°30′33″N 1°53′5″W / 52.50917°N 1.88472°W / 52.50917; -1.88472 (Villa Park)
Holt End in 1983.jpg
Goodison Park
53°26′20″N 2°57′59″W / 53.43889°N 2.96639°W / 53.43889; -2.96639 (Goodison Park)
Sheffield Sunderland Middlesbrough
Hillsborough Stadium Roker Park Ayresome Park
53°24′41″N 1°30′2″W / 53.41139°N 1.50056°W / 53.41139; -1.50056 (Hillsborough) 54°55′17″N 1°22′32″W / 54.92139°N 1.37556°W / 54.92139; -1.37556 (Roker Park) 54°33′51″N 1°14′49″W / 54.56417°N 1.24694°W / 54.56417; -1.24694 (Ayresome Park)
Capacity:42,730 Capacity:40,310 Capacity:40,000
Hillsborough Clock.JPG Roker Park August 1976.jpg Ayresome Park in 1991 - geograph.org.uk - 2796728.jpg

Match officials

North America
South America


Pot 1: South American Pot 2: European Pot 3: Latin European Pot 4: Rest of the World


For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1966 FIFA World Cup squads.


Group stage

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 England 3 2 1 0 4 0 5
 Uruguay 3 1 2 0 2 1 2.00 4
 Mexico 3 0 2 1 1 3 0.33 2
 France 3 0 1 2 2 5 0.40 1
England  0–0  Uruguay
Attendance: 87,148
France  1–1  Mexico
Hausser Goal 62' Report Borja Goal 48'
Attendance: 69,237

Uruguay  2–1  France
Rocha Goal 26'
Cortés Goal 31'
Report De Bourgoing Goal 15' (pen.)
Attendance: 45,662
England  2–0  Mexico
B. Charlton Goal 37'
Hunt Goal 75'
Attendance: 92,570

Mexico  0–0  Uruguay
Attendance: 61,112
England  2–0  France
Hunt Goal 38'75' Report
Attendance: 98,270

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 West Germany 3 2 1 0 7 1 7.00 5
 Argentina 3 2 1 0 4 1 4.00 5
 Spain 3 1 0 2 4 5 0.80 2
  Switzerland 3 0 0 3 1 9 0.11 0
  • West Germany were placed first due to superior goal average.
West Germany  5–0   Switzerland
Held Goal 16'
Haller Goal 21'77' (pen.)
Beckenbauer Goal 40'52'
Attendance: 36,127
Argentina  2–1  Spain
Artime Goal 65'77' Report Pirri Goal 67'
Attendance: 42,738

Spain  2–1   Switzerland
Sanchís Goal 57'
Amancio Goal 75'
Report Quentin Goal 31'
Argentina  0–0  West Germany
Attendance: 46,587

Argentina  2–0   Switzerland
Artime Goal 52'
Onega Goal 79'
Attendance: 32,127
West Germany  2–1  Spain
Emmerich Goal 39'
Seeler Goal 84'
Report Fusté Goal 23'
Attendance: 42,187

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 Portugal 3 3 0 0 9 2 4.50 6
 Hungary 3 2 0 1 7 5 1.40 4
 Brazil 3 1 0 2 4 6 0.67 2
 Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 1 8 0.13 0
Brazil  2–0  Bulgaria
Pelé Goal 15'
Garrincha Goal 63'
Attendance: 47,308
Portugal  3–1  Hungary
José Augusto Goal 1'67'
Torres Goal 90'
Report Bene Goal 60'
Attendance: 29,886
Referee: Leo Callaghan (Wales)

Hungary  3–1  Brazil
Bene Goal 2'
Farkas Goal 64'
Mészöly Goal 73' (pen.)
Report Tostão Goal 14'
Attendance: 51,387
Referee: Ken Dagnall (England)
Portugal  3–0  Bulgaria
Vutsov Goal 17' (o.g.)
Eusébio Goal 38'
Torres Goal 81'
Attendance: 25,438

Portugal  3–1  Brazil
Simões Goal 15'
Eusébio Goal 27'85'
Report Rildo Goal 73'
Attendance: 58,479
Hungary  3–1  Bulgaria
Davidov Goal 43' (o.g.)
Mészöly Goal 45'
Bene Goal 54'
Report Asparuhov Goal 15'
Attendance: 24,129

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
 Soviet Union 3 3 0 0 6 1 6.00 6
 North Korea 3 1 1 1 2 4 0.50 3
 Italy 3 1 0 2 2 2 1.00 2
 Chile 3 0 1 2 2 5 0.40 1
Soviet Union  3–0  North Korea
Malofeyev Goal 31'88'
Banishevskiy Goal 33'
Attendance: 23,006
Italy  2–0  Chile
Mazzola Goal 8'
Barison Goal 88'
Attendance: 27,199

Chile  1–1  North Korea
Marcos Goal 26' (pen.) Report Pak Seung-zin Goal 88'
Soviet Union  1–0  Italy
Chislenko Goal 57' Report
Attendance: 27,793

North Korea  1–0  Italy
Pak Doo-ik Goal 42' Report
Attendance: 17,829
Soviet Union  2–1  Chile
Porkujan Goal 28'85' Report Marcos Goal 32'
Attendance: 16,027

Knockout stage

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
23 July – London (Wembley)        
  England  1
26 July – London (Wembley)
  Argentina  0  
  England  2
23 July – Liverpool (Goodison Park)
      Portugal  1  
  Portugal  5
30 July – London (Wembley)
  North Korea  3  
  England (aet)  4
23 July – Sheffield (Hillsborough Stadium)    
    West Germany  2
  West Germany  4
25 July – Liverpool (Goodison Park)
  Uruguay  0  
  West Germany  2 Third place
23 July – Sunderland (Roker Park)
      Soviet Union  1   28 July – London (Wembley)
  Soviet Union  2
  Portugal  2
  Hungary  1  
  Soviet Union  1


Portugal  5–3  North Korea
Eusébio Goal 27'43' (pen.)56'59' (pen.)
José Augusto Goal 80'
Report Pak Seung-zin Goal 1'
Li Dong-woon Goal 22'
Yang Seung-Kook Goal 25'
Attendance: 40,248

West Germany  4–0  Uruguay
Haller Goal 11'83'
Beckenbauer Goal 70'
Seeler Goal 75'
Attendance: 40,007
Referee: Jim Finney (England)

Soviet Union  2–1  Hungary
Chislenko Goal 5'
Porkujan Goal 46'
Report Bene Goal 57'
Attendance: 26,844

England  1–0  Argentina
Hurst Goal 78' Report
Attendance: 90,584


West Germany  2–1  Soviet Union
Haller Goal 42'
Beckenbauer Goal 67'
Report Porkujan Goal 88'
Attendance: 38,273

England  2–1  Portugal
B. Charlton Goal 30'80' Report Eusébio Goal 82' (pen.)
Attendance: 94,493

Third-place match

Portugal  2–1  Soviet Union
Eusébio Goal 12' (pen.)
Torres Goal 89'
Report Malofeyev Goal 43'
Attendance: 87,696
Referee: Ken Dagnall (England)


England  4–2 (a.e.t.)  West Germany
Hurst Goal 18'101'120'
Peters Goal 78'
Report Haller Goal 12'
Weber Goal 89'
Attendance: 96,924


With nine goals, Eusébio was the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 89 goals were scored by 47 different players, with two of them credited as own goals.

9 goals
6 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

All-star team

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards

England Gordon Banks

England George Cohen
England Bobby Moore
Portugal Vicente
Argentina Silvio Marzolini

Germany Franz Beckenbauer
Portugal Mário Coluna
England Bobby Charlton

Hungary Flórián Albert
Germany Uwe Seeler
Portugal Eusébio


FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[20][21] The rankings for the 1966 tournament were as follows:

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1  England 1 6 5 1 0 11 3 +8 11
2  West Germany 2 6 4 1 1 15 6 +9 9
3  Portugal 3 6 5 0 1 17 8 +9 10
4  Soviet Union 4 6 4 0 2 10 6 +4 8
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5  Argentina 2 4 2 1 1 4 2 +2 5
6  Hungary 3 4 2 0 2 8 7 +1 4
7  Uruguay 1 4 1 2 1 2 5 −3 4
8  North Korea 4 4 1 1 2 5 9 −4 3
Eliminated in the group stage
9  Italy 4 3 1 0 2 2 2 0 2
10  Spain 2 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 2
11  Brazil 3 3 1 0 2 4 6 −2 2
12  Mexico 1 3 0 2 1 1 3 −2 2
13  Chile 4 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
 France 1 3 0 1 2 2 5 −3 1
15  Bulgaria 3 3 0 0 3 1 8 −7 0
16   Switzerland 2 3 0 0 3 1 9 −8 0


  1. ^ "Hurst the hero for England in the home of football". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "1966 FIFA™ World Cup England – Final". FIFA.com.
  3. ^ Why Africa boycotted the 1966 World Cup, BBC News, 12th July 2016
  4. ^ Atherton, Martin [2008]The Theft of the Jules Rimet Trophy: The Hidden History of the 1966 World Cup. Meyer & Meyer Verlag. p.93, Retrieved 15 September 2010 from 'The Theft of the Jules Rimet Trophy', via Google Books
  5. ^ "History of the World Cup Final Draw" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "History of the World Cup". fifaworldcup.webspace.virginmedia.com. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  7. ^ Alsos, Jan. "1966 – Story of England '66". Planet World Cup. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 – SIGUEN LOS CHOREOS A SUDAMÉRICA". Todoslosmundiales.com.ar. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  9. ^ Hackett, Robin (7 April 2011). "Blue is the colour". ESPNFC. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mundial de Inglaterra 1966 – EL ROBO DEL SIGLO". Todoslosmundiales.com.ar. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Vickery, Tim. "Argentina's class of '78 deserve respect". BBC Sport. Retrieved 13 February 2012. [Tim Vickery's comment (no.29):] The semi final switch – I believe this is more down to the FIFA Exec Com than to Rous – in this pre-mass TV age the box office was still important, so it was obviously tempting from a financial point of view to have the ho[m]e side play in the stadium with the biggest capacity 
  12. ^ "England's 2–1 win brings first final". Montreal Gazette. 27 July 1966. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "ENGLAND PORTUGAL 1/2 FINAL WORLD CUP 1966". YouTube. 27 December 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "West Germany Nips 10 Russians 2–1". Montreal Gazette. 26 July 1966. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c McIlvanney, Hugh (30 July 2008). "From the Vault: Hurst's hat-trick wins the World Cup". guardian.co.uk. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 6 June 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  16. ^ Reid, Ian; Zisserman, Andrew. "Goal-directed Video Metrology" (PDF). University of Oxford. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "Kenneth Wolstenholme". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 27 March 2002. Retrieved 22 June 2010. Kenneth Wolstenholme, who has died aged 81, was the voice of football on the BBC for almost a quarter of a century and the author of arguably the most celebrated words in British sports broadcasting, his commentary on England's last goal in the World Cup Final of 1966: "Some people are on the pitch. They think it's all over – it is now!" 
  18. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10305374
  19. ^ "All Star Team". football.sporting99.com. Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Permanent Table" (PDF). p. 230. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  21. ^ "FIFA World Cup: Milestones, facts & figures. Statistical Kit 7" (PDF). FIFA. 26 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. 

External links