1824 (MDCCCXXIV ) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the
Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian
calendar , the 1824th year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD)
designations, the 824th year of the
2nd millennium , the 24th year of
19th century , and the 5th year of the
1820s decade. As of the
start of 1824, the
Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian
calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
* 1 Events
* 1.1 January–
* 1.2 April–June
* 1.3 July–September
* 1.4 October–December
* 1.5 Date unknown
* 2 Births
* 2.1 January–June
* 2.2 July–December
* 3 Deaths
* 3.1 January–June
* 3.2 July–December
* 4 References
January 8 – After much controversy,
Michael Faraday is finally
elected as a member of the
Royal Society , with only one vote against
January 22 – The Ashanti crush British forces in the Gold Coast
, killing the British governor
Sir Charles MacCarthy (see also Wars
between Britain and Ashanti in Ghana and
Ashanti Confederacy ).
January 24 – The first issue of the radical quarterly founded by
Jeremy Bentham , The
Westminster Review , is published in London.
February 10 –
Simón Bolívar is proclaimed dictator of
February 21 – The
Chumash Revolt of 1824 begins against the
Spanish presence in
March 5 – The
First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Burmese War begins.
March 7 – The
Florida State Capitol
Florida State Capitol moves from St. Augustine to
March 11 – The
United States War Department creates the Bureau
of Indian Affairs .
March 17 – The
Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 is signed.
April 9 – The first permanent settlers arrive to construct the
new city of
Tallahassee, Florida , selected to be the capital of the
Florida Territory newly acquired from the Kingdom of Spain; the area
has been selected because of it is roughly equidistant from the
territory's main cities, Pensacola and St. Augustine .
April 19 –
Lord Byron (George Gordon Byron), the British poet,
dies at the age of 36 in the Greek city of
Missolonghi , where he had
taken ill while making plans to liberate the Greeks from Ottoman rule,
"not in combat, but of a fever caught in the unhealthy conditions at
Missolonghi... exacerbated, it is generally agreed, by the
over-zealous actions of his doctors, who bled him excessively."
May 7 – Beethoven 's Symphony No. 9 (the "Choral") premieres at
Theater am Kärntnertor in
Vienna . The deaf composer has to be
turned around on the stage, to witness the enthusiastic audience
May 24 –
First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Burmese War : The British take Rangoon ,
June 16 – The
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals is established in Great Britain.
July 2 – The
Confederation of the Equator
Confederation of the Equator begins in Pernambuco,
Brazil : Wealthy landowners against the government of Emperor Pedro I
initiate a secessionist movement for the independence of Pernambuco.
July 10 –
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette and a beloved
hero of the American Revolution, departs from the port of
Le Havre in
France on the ship
HMS Cadmus for a triumphant return to the United
States ; he arrives in New York on
August 15 .
July 13 – King
Kamehameha II of
Hawaii dies of measles , during
a visit to the
United Kingdom , before he can meet with King George
VI. Because of the slow communications of the era, news of the
King's death doesn't reach
Hawaii until the following
March ; his
funeral will take place on
May 11 ,
1825 . His wife, Queen Kaʻahumanu
, who had served as regent during his absence, reigns until her death
July 19 – Don
Agustín de Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide , who had formerly been
President of Mexico
President of Mexico and then proclaimed himself Emperor Agustin the
First, until being overthrown on
March 19 ,
1823 , is executed by a
firing squad in the city of Padilla, five days after returning from
exile in England.
August 4 – The Battle of Kos is fought between Turkish and Greek
August 6 –
Peruvian War of Independence
Peruvian War of Independence –
Battle of Junín
Battle of Junín :
Pro-independence forces defeat the Spanish, in the highlands of the
August 16 – Lafayette visits the United States, departing on
September 7 ,
September 13 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the Amity,
John Oxley arrives at and founds the
Moreton Bay Penal Settlement at
what is now Redcliffe in
Queensland , Australia, after leaving Sydney
September 16 – Charles X succeeds his brother Louis XVIII , as
King of France.
October 4 – The First Constitution of Mexico is enacted,
declaring the country to be a federal republic .
October 10 – The
Edinburgh Town Council founds the Edinburgh
Municipal Fire Brigade, the first fire brigade in Britain, under the
leadership of James Braidwood .
October 21 –
Joseph Aspdin patents
Portland cement .
November 5 –
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , the first
technological university in the English-speaking world, is founded in
Troy, New York .
November 19 – In the worst flood to date in
Saint Petersburg ,
water rises 421 cm above normal, and 200 lose their lives.
November 30 – The first sod is turned in
Ontario , for the first
of four Welland Canals (the canal opens for a trial run exactly 5
years later to the day).
December 3 –
U.S. presidential election, 1824 : None of the four
candidates for U.S. President gain a majority of the electoral votes,
so the election is thrown into the
U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives .
December 9 –
Battle of Ayacucho : Peruvian forces defeat the
December 23 – Chief
Pushmataha of the
Choctaw Nation dies in
December 24 – The First American fraternity,
Chi Phi (ΧΦ), is
founded at Princeton University.
Lafayette , portrait by
December 28 – The
Bathurst War comes to an end, with the defeat
of the Wiradjuri.
* The Egyptians capture
Montparnasse Cemetery is established in Paris, France.
* The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement, temporarily ending
hostilities in the
Padri War .
* The name Australia, recommended by
Matthew Flinders in
1804 , is
finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as New
Panoramagram is invented as the first stereoscopic viewer.
Fort Vancouver trading post is established on the lower
Columbia River by the Hudson\'s Bay Company .
Colorado potato beetle
Colorado potato beetle is first described, by
Thomas Say .
Gustav Kirchhoff William
Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin
January 7 –
Julia Kavanagh , Irish novelist (d.
January 8 –
Wilkie Collins , British novelist (d.
January 15 –
Marie Duplessis , French courtesan (d.
January 21 – Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson , American
Confederate general (d.
February 7 –
William Huggins , British astronomer (d.
February 8 –
Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr.
Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr. , American Confederate
February 12 –
Dayananda Saraswati , Hindu religious leader,
Vedic scholar who founded the reform movement
Arya Samaj (d.
February 14 –
Winfield Scott Hancock
Winfield Scott Hancock ,
American Civil War
American Civil War Union
general, Democratic presidential candidate (d.
February 16 –
Peter Kosler , Slovenian cartographer, geographer
February 27 –
Prince Kuni Asahiko of Japan (d.
March 2 –
Bedřich Smetana , Czech composer (d.
March 9 –
Amasa Leland Stanford , Governor of
March 12 –
Gustav Kirchhoff , German physicist (d.
March 19 –
William Allingham , Irish author (d.
March 22 –
Charles Pfizer , German-American chemist, co-founder
March 25 –
Clinton L. Merriam , American politician (d.
March 27 –
Johann Wilhelm Hittorf , German physicist (d.
April 6 – George Waterhouse , 7th Prime Minister of New Zealand
April 13 – William Alexander , Anglican bishop, Primate of All
May 6 –
Tokugawa Iesada , 13th shogun of
Tokugawa shogunate of
May 9 –
Jacob ben Moses Bachrach , noted Polish-born apologist
of Rabbinic Judaism (d.
May 16 –
Levi P. Morton , 22nd Vice President of the United
May 23 –
Ambrose Burnside ,
American Civil War
American Civil War general, inventor
, politician from
Rhode Island (d.
June 7 –
Bernhard von Gudden
Bernhard von Gudden , German neuroanatomist,
June 20 –
George Edmund Street
George Edmund Street , British architect (d.
June 26 –
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin , Irish-born
physicist, engineer (d.
June 28 –
Paul Broca , French physician, anthropologist (d. 1880
July 12 –
Eugène Boudin , French painter (d.
July 21 – Stanley Matthews , American politician, Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court of the
United States (d.
July 27 –
Alexandre Dumas, fils
Alexandre Dumas, fils , French writer (d.
August 3 –
William Burnham Woods
William Burnham Woods , Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court of the
United States (d.
August 7 –
Gideon T. Stewart
Gideon T. Stewart , American temperance movement
Anton Bruckner , Austrian composer (d.
Phoebe Cary , American poet, sister to Alice Cary (1820–1871)
September 27 –
Benjamin Apthorp Gould , American astronomer (d.
October 2 –
Henry C. Lord , American railroad executive (d. 1884
October 5 – Henry Chadwick , English-born American baseball
writer, historian (d.
October 18 –
Juan Valera y Alcalá-Galiano , Spanish author (d.
October 27 –
Edward Maitland , British writer (d.
November 24 –
Frederick Miller , German-American brewer,
December 10 –
George MacDonald , Scottish writer (d.
December 11 –
Jonathan Letterman , American surgeon, "Father of
Battlefield Medicine" (d.
December 14 –
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes , French painter (d.
December 18 – John Hall , 12th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d.
December 27 –
Charlotta Norberg , Swedish ballerina (d.
January 21 – Jean-Baptiste Drouet , French revolutionary (b.
January 26 –
Théodore Géricault , French painter (b.
February 21 –
Eugène de Beauharnais , son of Joséphine de
April 19 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron , English poet
May 15 –
Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen , German
May 26 –
Capel Lofft , English writer (b.
May 29 –
Jean-Baptiste Willermoz , French Freemason (b.
June 16 –
Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance
Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance , Third
June 18 –
Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b.
June 21 –
Étienne Aignan , French writer (b.
Louis XVIII of
July 14 –
Kamehameha II , King of
July 19 –
Agustín de Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide ,
Emperor of Mexico
Emperor of Mexico (b.
July 20 –
Maine de Biran , French philosopher (b.
July 21 –
Buddha Loetla Nabhalai
Buddha Loetla Nabhalai , King of Siam (b.
August 12 –
Charles Nerinckx , Belgian-born founder of the
Sisters of Loretto (b.
September 16 – King Louis XVIII of
October 30 –
Charles Maturin , Irish writer (b.
December 5 – Anne Louise Boyvin d\'Hardancourt Brillon de Jouy ,
French confidant of
Benjamin Franklin (b.
* ^ Paul E. Hoffman, Florida's Frontiers (Indiana University Press,
* ^ Edward John Trelawny, Records of Shelley, Byron and the Author
* ^ Sketch of the Life and Military Services of Gen. La Fayette,
During the American Revolution, p17
* ^ Lincoln C. Yamashita, Warriors: Pu` Ali Koa (Trafford
Publishing, 2011) p46
* ^ Evan Lampe, Work, Class, and Power in the Borderlands of the
Early American Pacific: The Labors of Empire (Lexington Books, 2013)
* ^ John Milton Niles, View of South-America and Mexico, by a
citizen of the
United States (H. Huntington, 1825) pp805-206
* ^ Will Fowler, Santa Anna of Mexico (University of Nebraska