1824 (MDCCCXXIV ) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the
Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday (dominical
letter FE) of the
Julian calendar , the 1824th year of the Common Era
Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 824th year of the 2nd
millennium , the 24th year of the
19th century , and the 5th year of
1820s decade. As of the start of 1824, the
Gregorian calendar was
12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use
* 1 Events
* 1.1 January–March
* 1.2 April–June
* 1.3 July–September
* 1.4 October–December
* 1.5 Date unknown
* 2 Births
* 2.1 January–June
* 2.2 July–December
* 3 Deaths
* 3.1 January–June
* 3.2 July–December
* 4 References
January 8 – After much controversy,
Michael Faraday is finally
elected as a member of the
Royal Society with only one vote against
January 22 – The Ashanti crush British forces in the Gold Coast
, killing the British governor
Sir Charles MacCarthy (see also Wars
between Britain and Ashanti in Ghana and
Ashanti Confederacy ).
January 24 – First issue of the radical quarterly founded by
Jeremy Bentham , The
Westminster Review , is published in London.
February 10 –
Simón Bolívar is proclaimed dictator of
February 21 –
Chumash Revolt of 1824 begins against the Spanish
March 5 –
First Anglo-Burmese War
First Anglo-Burmese War begins.
March 7 –
Florida State Capitol
Florida State Capitol moves from St. Augustine,
Florida to Tallahassee .
March 11 – The
United States War Department
United States War Department creates the Bureau
of Indian Affairs .
March 17 – The
Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 is signed.
April 9 — The first permanent settlers arrive to construct the
new city of
Tallahassee, Florida , selected to be the capital of the
Florida Territory newly acquired from the Kingdom of Spain; the area
has been selected because of it is roughly equidistant from the
territory's main cities, Pensacola and St. Augustine .
April 19 —
Lord Byron (George Gordon Byron), the British poet,
died at the age of 36 in the Greek city of
Missolonghi , where he had
taken ill while making plans to liberate the Greeks from Ottoman rule,
"not in combat, but of a fever caught in the unhealthy conditions at
Missolonghi... exacerbated, it is generally agreed, by the
over-zealous actions of his doctors, who bled him excessively."
May 7 – Première of Beethoven 's Symphony No. 9 (the "Choral")
Theater am Kärntnertor in
Vienna . The deaf composer has to be
turned around on the stage to witness the enthusiastic audience
May 24 – The British take Rangoon ,
Burma in the First
Anglo-Burmese War .
June 16 – The
Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals is established in Great Britain.
July 10 —
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette and a beloved
hero of the American Revolution, departs from the port of
France on the ship
HMS Cadmus for a triumphant return to the United
States ; he arrives in New York on August 15. Sketch of the Life and
Military Services of Gen. La Fayette, During the American Revolution
July 13 — King
Kamehameha II of
Hawaii dies during a visit to
United Kingdom . The Hawaiian monarch had contracted measles and
died before he could meet with King George VI. Because of the slow
communications of the era, news of the King's death doesn't reach
Hawaii until March; his funeral will take place on May 11, 1825. His
Kaʻahumanu , had served as regent during his absence,
reigns until her death in 1832.
July 19 — Don
Agustín de Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide , who had formerly been
President of Mexico
President of Mexico and then proclaimed himself Emperor Agustin the
First until being overthrown on March 19, 1823, is executed by a
firing squad in the city of Padilla, five days after returning from
exile in England.
August 16 – Lafayette visits the United States, departing in
September 7 ,
September 13 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the Amity,
John Oxley arrives at and founds the
Moreton Bay Penal Settlement
Moreton Bay Penal Settlement at
what is now Redcliffe in
Queensland , Australia, after leaving Sydney
September 16 – Charles X succeeds his brother Louis XVIII as
King of France.
October 4 – First Constitution of Mexico enacted, declaring the
country to be a federal republic .
October 10 – The
Edinburgh Town Council founds the Edinburgh
Municipal Fire Brigade, the first fire brigade in Britain, under the
leadership of James Braidwood .
October 21 –
Joseph Aspdin patents
Portland cement .
November 5 –
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute , the first
technological university in the English-speaking world, is founded in
Troy, New York
Troy, New York .
November 19 – In the worst flood to date in
Saint Petersburg ,
water rises 421 cm above normal and 200 lose their lives.
November 30 – The first sod is turned in
Ontario , for the first
of four Welland Canals (the canal opens for a trial run exactly 5
years later to the day).
December 3 –
U.S. presidential election, 1824 : None of the four
candidates for U.S. President gain a majority of the electoral votes,
so the election is thrown into the
U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. House of Representatives .
December 9 –
Battle of Ayacucho
Battle of Ayacucho : Peruvian forces defeat the
December 23 – Chief
Pushmataha of the
Choctaw Nation dies in
December 24 – The First American Fraternity,
Chi Phi (ΧΦ), is
founded at Princeton University.
Lafayette , portrait by
December 28 –
Bathurst War comes to an end with the defeat of
* The Egyptians capture
Montparnasse Cemetery is established in Paris, France.
* The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement, temporarily ending
hostilities in the
Padri War .
* The name Australia, recommended by
Matthew Flinders in
1804 , is
finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as New
Panoramagram is invented as the first stereoscopic viewer.
Fort Vancouver trading post is established on the lower
Columbia River by the Hudson\'s Bay Company .
Colorado potato beetle
Colorado potato beetle is first described, by
Thomas Say .
Gustav Kirchhoff William
Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin
January 7 –
Julia Kavanagh , Irish novelist (d.
January 8 –
Wilkie Collins , British novelist (d.
January 15 –
Marie Duplessis , French courtesan (d.
January 21 – Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson , American
Confederate general (d.
February 7 –
William Huggins , British astronomer (d.
February 8 –
Barnard Elliott Bee, Jr. , Confederate general (d.
February 12 –
Dayananda Saraswati , Hindu religious leader and a
Vedic scholar who founded the reform movement,
Arya Samaj (d.
February 14 –
Winfield Scott Hancock
Winfield Scott Hancock ,
American Civil War
American Civil War Union
general and political candidate (d.
February 16 –
Peter Kosler , Slovenian cartographer and
February 27 –
Prince Kuni Asahiko (d.
March 2 –
Bedřich Smetana , Czech composer (d.
March 9 –
Amasa Leland Stanford , Governor of
March 12 –
Gustav Kirchhoff , German physicist (d.
March 19 –
William Allingham , Irish author (d.
March 22 –
Charles Pfizer , German-American chemist and
March 25 –
Clinton L. Merriam , American politician (d.
March 27 –
Johann Wilhelm Hittorf
Johann Wilhelm Hittorf , German physicist (d.
April 6 – George Waterhouse , 7th Prime Minister of New Zealand
April 13 – William Alexander , Anglican bishop and Primate of
All Ireland (d.
May 6 –
Tokugawa Iesada , 13th shogun of
Tokugawa shogunate of
May 9 –
Jacob ben Moses Bachrach , noted apologist of Rabbinic
May 16 –
Levi P. Morton , 22nd Vice President of the United
May 23 –
Ambrose Burnside ,
American Civil War
American Civil War general, inventor
, politician from
Rhode Island (d.
June 7 –
Bernhard von Gudden , German neuroanatomist and
June 20 –
George Edmund Street
George Edmund Street , British architect (d.
June 26 –
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin
William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin , Irish-born
physicist and engineer (d.
June 28 –
Paul Broca , French physician and anthropologist (d.
July 12 –
Eugène Boudin , French painter (d.
July 21 – Stanley Matthews , American politician and Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court of the
United States (d.
July 27 –
Alexandre Dumas, fils
Alexandre Dumas, fils , French writer (d.
August 3 –
William Burnham Woods
William Burnham Woods , Associate Justice of the
Supreme Court of the
United States (d.
August 7 –
Gideon T. Stewart , American temperance movement
Anton Bruckner , Austrian composer (d.
Phoebe Cary , American poet, sister to Alice Cary (1820–1871)
September 27 –
Benjamin Apthorp Gould , American astronomer (d.
October 2 –
Henry C. Lord , American railroad executive (d. 1884
October 5 – Henry Chadwick , baseball writer and historian (d.
October 18 –
Juan Valera y Alcalá-Galiano , Spanish author (d.
October 27 –
Edward Maitland , British writer (d.
November 24 –
Frederick Miller , German-American brewer and
December 10 –
George MacDonald , Scottish writer (d.
December 11 –
Jonathan Letterman , American surgeon and "Father
of Battlefield Medicine" (d.
December 14 –
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes , French painter (d.
December 27 –
Charlotta Norberg , Swedish Ballerina (d.
January 21 – Jean-Baptiste Drouet , French revolutionary (b.
January 26 –
Théodore Géricault , French painter (b.
February 21 –
Eugène de Beauharnais
Eugène de Beauharnais , son of Joséphine de
April 19 – George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron , English poet
May 15 –
Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen
Johann Philipp Stadion, Count von Warthausen ,
May 26 –
Capel Lofft , English writer (b.
May 29 –
Jean-Baptiste Willermoz , French Freemason (b.
June 16 –
Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance
Charles-François Lebrun, duc de Plaisance , Third
June 18 –
Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b.
June 21 –
Étienne Aignan , French writer (b.
Louis XVIII of
July 14 –
Kamehameha II , King of
July 19 –
Agustín de Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide ,
Emperor of Mexico (b.
July 20 –
Maine de Biran
Maine de Biran , French philosopher (b.
July 21 –
Buddha Loetla Nabhalai
Buddha Loetla Nabhalai , King of Siam (b.
August 12 –
Charles Nerinckx , founder of the Sisters of Loretto
September 16 – Louis XVIII of
October 30 –
Charles Maturin , Irish writer (b.
December 5 – Anne Louise Boyvin d\'Hardancourt Brillon de Jouy ,
French confidant of
Benjamin Franklin (b.