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The domain name GOV is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet . The name is derived from the word _government_, indicating its restricted use by government entities in the United States . The _gov_ domain is administered by the General Services Administration (GSA), an independent agency of the United States federal government .

The U.S. is the only country that has a government-specific top-level domain in addition to its country-code top-level domain . This is a result of the origins of the Internet as a U.S. federal government-sponsored research network. Other countries typically delegate a second-level domain for this purpose, for example: .gc.ca is the second-level domain for the Government of Canada and all subdomains.

Some U.S. federal agencies use _com_, instead of _gov_. The Department of Defense and its subsidiary organizations use the _mil _ sTLD. Some U.S. governmental entities use other domains, such as _com _ domains by the United States Postal Service , _usps.com_ and the United States Army 's recruitment website (_goarmy.com_). The US military repeats this pattern for recruitment websites of other branches.

All governments in the U.S. were allowed to apply for delegations in _gov_ before May 2012. For example, domains have been registered for the city of Atlanta (atlantaga.gov), for the county of Loudoun, Virginia (loudoun.gov), and for the U.S. state of Georgia (georgia.gov). This was not always possible; under an earlier policy, only federal agencies were allowed to use the domain, and agencies below cabinet level were required to use subdomains of their parent agency. Inconsistencies exist in addressing of state and local government sites, with some using _gov_, some _us_, some using both. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania uses _www.pa.gov_, _www.pennsylvania.gov_ and _www.state.pa.us_ for the same web site, and still others in _com_, _org_ or other TLDs.

CONTENTS

* 1 Availability * 2 Authorization * 3 Naming conventions * 4 Policy * 5 Use by states and territories * 6 International equivalents * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

AVAILABILITY

Use of the domain _gov_ is restricted to government entities. According to GSA guidelines, this includes U.S. governmental departments , programs, and agencies on the federal level; federally recognized tribes , referred to by the GSA as Native Sovereign Nations, which must use the suffix -NSN.gov; State governmental entities and programs; cities and townships represented by an elected body of officials; counties and parishes represented by an elected body of officials; and U.S. territories .

The URL for registration services is www.dotgov.gov.

AUTHORIZATION

To register a _gov_ domain, a letter of authorization must be submitted to the GSA. For federal agencies, the authorization must be submitted by cabinet-level chief information officer (CIO). For state governments, authorization from the governor or state CIO is required. Domains for cities require authorization from the mayor or equivalent official; for counties, authorization may be submitted by county commissioners or equivalent officials, or by the highest-ranking county official. For Native Sovereign Nations, the authorization must come from the Bureau of Indian Affairs .

NAMING CONVENTIONS

The GSA provides guidelines for naming of second-level domains , such as those used by state and local governments. For states, the domain name must include the full state name or postal abbreviation , and the abbreviation must not be obscured by inclusion in a larger word. For example, invalID .gov for Idaho would be an unacceptable domain name. For local governments, the domain name must include the state name or abbreviation. However, many .gov domain names (such as boston .gov and seattle.gov) do not conform to the naming convention because they were already registered before the GSA enacted this policy and thus they had to be grandfathered in.

POLICY

_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (January 2011)_

Policy regarding the _gov_ domain is laid out in 41 CFR Part 102-173.

No new _gov_ domains for U.S. federal executive branch departments have been allowed to be registered since June 13, 2011, as a result of the implementation of Executive Order 13571 issued by President Obama . The move was part of a general attempt to improve the efficiency of U.S. governmental Web usage by weeding out unnecessary, redundant, outdated, or wasteful sites.

Since May 2012, the Federal Executive Branch has a policy of registering no new second-level domains for its agencies, except on a case-by-case basis. Agencies are also prohibited from using other top-level domains such as .org and .com. "Federal Agency domains" were also deleted on August 26, 2014.

USE BY STATES AND TERRITORIES

As of February 2014 , all states, the District of Columbia, and all territories except for the Northern Mariana Islands have operational domains in _gov_:

STATE OR TERRITORY DOMAIN

Alabama al .gov and alabama.gov

Alaska alaska.gov

American Samoa as .gov and americansamoa.gov

Arizona az .gov and arizona.gov

Arkansas ar .gov and arkansas.gov

California ca .gov and california .gov (Appears to not be in use, the last time recorded as active was on April 16, 2009)

Colorado co .gov and colorado.gov

Connecticut ct.gov

Delaware de .gov and delaware.gov

District of Columbia dc.gov

Florida florida .gov and fl .gov (redirects to myflorida.com)

Georgia ga .gov and georgia.gov

Guam guam.gov

Hawaii hawaii .gov and ehawaii.gov

Idaho idaho.gov

Illinois il .gov and illinois.gov

Indiana in .gov and indiana.gov

Iowa ia .gov and iowa.gov

Kansas ks .gov and kansas.gov

Kentucky ky .gov and kentucky.gov

Louisiana la .gov and louisiana.gov

Maine maine.gov

Maryland md .gov and maryland.gov

Massachusetts ma .gov mass .gov and massachusetts.gov

Michigan mi .gov and michigan.gov

Minnesota mn .gov and minnesota.gov

Mississippi ms .gov and mississippi.gov

Missouri mo .gov and missouri.gov

Montana mt .gov and montana.gov

Nebraska ne .gov and nebraska.gov

Nevada nv .gov and nevada.gov

New Hampshire nh.gov

New Jersey nj .gov and newjersey.gov

New Mexico newmexico.gov

New York ny.gov

North Carolina nc .gov and northcarolina.gov

North Dakota nd .gov and northdakota.gov

Ohio oh .gov and ohio.gov

Oklahoma ok .gov and oklahoma.gov

Oregon oregon.gov

Pennsylvania pa .gov and pennsylvania.gov

Puerto Rico pr .gov and puertorico.gov

Rhode Island ri .gov and rhodeisland.gov

South Carolina sc.gov

South Dakota sd.gov

Tennessee tn .gov and tennessee.gov

Texas tx .gov and texas.gov

Utah utah.gov

Vermont vt .gov and vermont.gov

Virgin Islands vi.gov

Virginia virginia.gov

Washington wa .gov and washington.gov

West Virginia wv.gov

Wisconsin wi .gov and wisconsin.gov

Wyoming wy .gov and wyoming.gov

INTERNATIONAL EQUIVALENTS

* Andorra : .gov.ad * Afghanistan : .gov.af * Anguilla : .gov.ai * Albania : .gov.al * Algeria : .gov.dz * Armenia : .gov.am * Angola : .gov.ao * Argentina : .gov.ar * Angola : .gov.at * Australia : .gov.au * Aruba : .gov.aw * Aland : .gov.ax * Azerbaijan : .gov.az * Belarus : .gov.by * Belgium : .gov.be * Brazil : .gov.br * Chile : .gob.cl

* Canada : .gc.ca

* Quebec : .gouv.qc.ca * All other provinces and territories of Canada : .gov.{xx}.ca, where '{xx}' is the applicable province or territory's postal abbreviation

* China : .gov.cn * Colombia : .gov.co * France : gouv.fr * Hong Kong : .gov.hk * India : .gov.in * Indonesia : .go .id * Iran : gov.ir * Ireland : gov.ie * Israel : gov.il * Japan : .go .jp * Kazakhstan : .gov.kz * Kurdistan Regional Government : .gov.krd * Latvia : .gov.lv * Lithuania : .gov.lt * Malaysia : .gov.my * Mexico : .gob.mx * Nepal : .gov.np * New Zealand : .govt.nz * Nigeria : .gov.ng * Peru : .gob.pe * Pakistan : .gov.pk * Philippines : .gov.ph * Poland : .gov.pl * Romania : .gov.ro * Russia : .gov.ru * Scotland : gov.scot * Slovakia : .gov .sk * Slovenia : .gov .si * South Korea : .go.kr * Spain : .gob .es * Sri Lanka : .gov.lk * Sweden : .gov.se * Taiwan ( Republic of China ): .gov.tw * Turkey : .gov.tr * Ukraine : .gov.ua

* United Kingdom : .gov.uk

* Guernsey : .gov.gg * Jersey : .gov.je * Isle of Man : .gov.im

SEE ALSO

* usa .gov * .us

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Welcome - DOTGOV". Dotgov.gov. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ "Eligibility Requirements". General Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-03-21. * ^ "Delegation Record for .GOV". IANA. Archived from the original on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-27. * ^ "Authorization Letter". General Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-03-21. * ^ "Who authorizes domain names?". General Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-03-21. * ^ "Sec. 102-173.50 What is the naming convention for States?". General Services Administration. Retrieved 2007-03-21. * ^ "Executive Order 13571--Streamlining Service Delivery and Improving Customer Service". _The White House_. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ "Lost and Found - Mapping Page - DigitalGov". Usa.gov. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2014. * ^ "Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People". United States Federal CIO Council. May 23, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2014. * ^ "State of California". Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2015.

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