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Zester
A ZESTER (also, CITRUS ZESTER or LEMON ZESTER) is a kitchen utensil for obtaining zest from lemons and other citrus fruit . A kitchen zester is approximately four inches long, with a handle and a curved metal end, the top of which is perforated with a row of round holes with sharpened rims. To operate, the zester is pressed with moderate force against the fruit and drawn across its peel . The rims cut the zest from the pith underneath. The zest is cut into ribbons, one drawn through each hole. Other tools are also sometimes called zesters because they too are able to separate the zest from a citrus fruit. For example, when Microplane
Microplane
discovered that its surform type wood rasps had become popular as food graters and zesters, it adapted the woodworking tools and marketed them as "zester / graters"
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Wine
WINE (from Latin
Latin
vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes , generally Vitis vinifera , fermented without the addition of sugars , acids , enzymes , water , or other nutrients . Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol and carbon dioxide . Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir , and the production process. Many countries enact legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine. These typically restrict the geographical origin and permitted varieties of grapes, as well as other aspects of wine production. Wines not made from grapes include rice wine and fruit wines such as plum , cherry , pomegranate and elderberry . Wine
Wine
has been produced for thousands of years
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Hard Liquor
A DISTILLED BEVERAGE, SPIRIT, LIQUOR, HARD LIQUOR or HARD ALCOHOL is an alcoholic beverage produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation . The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV ). As distilled beverages contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled beverages from undistilled ones. As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer , wine , sake , and cider , as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy
Brandy
is a spirit produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%
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Beer
BEER is the world's oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drink ; it is the third most popular drink overall, after water and tea . The production of beer is called brewing , which involves the fermentation of sugars , mainly derived from cereal grain starches —most commonly from malted barley , although wheat, maize (corn), and rice are widely used. Most beer is flavoured with hops , which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative , though other flavourings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. The fermentation process causes a natural carbonation effect, although this is often removed during processing, and replaced with forced carbonation
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Jigger (bartending)
A SHOT GLASS is a small glass originally designed to hold or measure spirits or liquor , which is either imbibed straight from the glass ("a shot") or poured into a cocktail ("a drink"). An alcoholic beverage served in a shot glass and typically consumed quickly, in one gulp, may also be known as a "shooter ". Shot glasses decorated with a wide variety of toasts , advertisements , humorous pictures, or other decorations and words are popular souvenirs and collectibles , especially as merchandise of a brewery . CONTENTS * 1 Name origin * 2 Earliest shot glasses * 3 Sizes * 4 Shot-measuring tools * 4.1 Jigger * 4.2 Measuring shot glass * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links NAME ORIGINThe word "shot", meaning a drink of alcohol, has been used since at least the 17th century, while reference to a shot specifically as a small drink of spirits is known in the U.S. since at least the 1920s. The phrase "shot glass" has been in use since at least 1940
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Fruit Juice
JUICE is a beverage made from the extraction or pressing out of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables . It can also refer to liquids that are flavored with these or other biological food sources such as meat and seafood (e.g., clam juice ). Juice
Juice
is commonly consumed as a beverage or used as an ingredient or flavoring in foods or other beverages, such as smoothies . Juice
Juice
emerged as a popular beverage choice after the development of pasteurization methods allowed for its preservation without using fermentation (the approach used with wine production). The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimated the total world production of citrus fruit juices to be 12,840,318 tonnes in 2012
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Grenadine
GRENADINE is a commonly used, non-alcoholic bar syrup , characterized by a flavour that is both tart and sweet, and by a deep red colour. It is popular as an ingredient in cocktails , both for its flavour and to give a reddish/pink tint to mixed drinks . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and origin * 2 Modern and commercial variants * 3 Use in cocktails * 4 References ETYMOLOGY AND ORIGINThe name grenadine originated from the French word grenade which means pomegranate , with pomme meaning apple and granate derived from the Italian word for seeds. Grenadine
Grenadine
was originally prepared from pomegranate juice , sugar, and water
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Kitchen Utensil
A KITCHEN UTENSIL is a small hand held tool used for food preparation. Common kitchen tasks include cutting food items to size, heating food on an open fire or on a stove, baking, grinding, mixing, blending, and measuring; different utensils are made for each task. A general purpose utensil such as a chef's knife may be used for a variety of foods; other kitchen utensils are highly specialized and may be used only in connection with preparation of a particular type of food, such as an egg separator or an apple corer . Some specialized utensils are used when an operation is to be repeated many times, or when the cook has limited dexterity or mobility. The number of utensils in a household kitchen varies with time and the style of cooking. A COOKING UTENSIL is a utensil for cooking
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Melon Ball
MELON BALLS are balls of melon made using a melon baller that varies from around 1 centimeter to 3 centimeters (about 3/8 inch to 1 inch). They are generally used in fruit salad . MELON BALLERSA MELON BALLER, formally called a Parisienne scoop, is a small spoon-like tool used to cut round- or oval-shaped sections of melon , known as melon balls, by pressing them into the melon's flesh and rotating. It can also be used to cut other soft fruit. The diameter of a melon baller's bowl varies from around 1 centimeter to 3 centimeters (about 3/8 inch to 1 inch), and it is typically made of stainless steel with a handle of wood , metal , or hard plastic . Some varieties have the handle in the middle and a different-sized bowl on each end, and the bowl typically has a small hole in the middle to allow air and juice through. It is more commonly known as a prepping utensil. Melon ballers can be used for a variety of melons; like watermelon , cantaloupe , or honeydew
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Tomato Juice
TOMATO JUICE is a juice made from tomatoes , usually used as a beverage , either plain or in cocktails such as a Bloody Mary or Michelada . In Canada, tomato juice is unconcentrated and pasteurized , made from fine tomato pulp from ripe and whole tomatoes. The stems and skins must be removed without adding water to the final juice product. It may also contain a sweetening agent , citric acid and salt. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Production * 3 Uses * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORY Tomato
Tomato
juice was first served as a beverage in 1917 by Louis Perrin at the French Lick Springs Hotel in southern Indiana
Indiana
, when he ran out of orange juice and needed a quick substitute. His combination of squeezed tomatoes, sugar and his special sauce became an instant success as Chicago
Chicago
businessmen spread the word about the tomato juice cocktail
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Soda Pop
A SOFT DRINK (see terminology for other names) is a drink that typically contains carbonated water , a sweetener , and a natural or artificial flavoring . The sweetener may be sugar , high-fructose corn syrup , fruit juice, sugar substitutes (in the case of diet drinks ), or some combination of these. Soft drinks may also contain caffeine , colorings , preservatives , and other ingredients. Soft drinks are called "soft" in contrast with "hard" alcoholic beverages . Small amounts of alcohol may be present in a soft drink, but the alcohol content must be less than 0.5% of the total volume if the drink is to be considered non-alcoholic. Fruit punch , tea , and other such non-alcoholic beverages are technically soft drinks by this definition but are not generally referred to as such. Soft drinks may be served chilled, over ice cubes or at room temperature. In rare cases, some soft drinks, such as Dr Pepper , and Pepsi can be served warm
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Ice Cube
O\'SHEA JACKSON SR. (born June 15, 1969), known professionally as ICE CUBE, is an American rapper and actor. He began his career as a member of the hip-hop group C.I.A. and later joined the seminal rap group N.W.A
N.W.A
(Niggaz Wit Attitudes). After leaving N.W.A
N.W.A
in December 1989, he began both a successful music career and an acting career which included roles in films such as Boyz n the Hood
Boyz n the Hood
(1991), Friday (1995), for which he also co-wrote the screenplay, and Barbershop (2002). Additionally, he has served as one of the producers of the Showtime television series Barbershop and the TBS series Are We There Yet? , both of which are based upon films in which he portrayed the main character
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Sugar
SUGAR is the generic name for sweet, soluble carbohydrates , many of which are used in food. There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Simple sugars are called monosaccharides and include glucose (also known as dextrose), fructose , and galactose . The "table sugar" or "granulated sugar" most customarily used as food is sucrose , a disaccharide of glucose and fructose. Sugar
Sugar
is used in prepared foods (e.g., cookies and cakes ) and it is added to some foods and beverages (e.g., coffee and tea ). In the body, sucrose is hydrolysed into the simple sugars fructose and glucose. Other disaccharides include maltose from malted grain, and lactose from milk . Longer chains of sugars are called oligosaccharides or polysaccharides . Some other chemical substances, such as glycerol may also have a sweet taste, but are not classified as sugars
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Peel (fruit)
PEEL, also known as RIND or SKIN, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off. The rind is usually the botanical exocarp , but the term exocarp also includes the hard cases of nuts , which are not named peels since they are not peeled off by hand or peeler, but rather shells because of their hardness. A fruit with a thick peel, such as a citrus fruit, is called a hesperidium . In hesperidiums, the inner layer (also called albedo or, among non-botanists, pith) is peeled off together with the outer layer (called flavedo ), and together they are called the peel. The flavedo and albedo, respectively, are the exocarp and the mesocarp . The juicy layer inside the peel (containing the seeds) is the endocarp . CONTENTS * 1 Uses * 2 Allergy * 3 See also * 4 References USESDepending on the thickness and taste, fruit peel is sometimes eaten as part of the fruit, such as with apples
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Wood Rasp
A RASP is coarse form of file used for coarsely shaping wood or other material. Typically a hand tool , it consists of a generally tapered rectangular, round, or half-round sectioned bar of case hardened steel with distinct, individually cut teeth. narrow, pointed tang is common at one end, to which a handle may be fitted. USERasps come in a variety of shapes - rectangular, round, and half-round - and vary in coarseness from finest, "cabinet", to most aggressive, "wood". They are used in woodworking for rapidly removing material, and are easier to control than a drawknife . The rough surfaces they leave may be smoothed with finer tools, such as single or double-cut files. Farriers use rasps to remove excess wall from a horse's hoof. Rasps are used in shaping alabaster . Saws and chisels are used to rough out alabaster work
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Citrus
Important species: Citrus
Citrus
maxima – Pomelo Citrus medica Citron Citrus micrantha
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