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A SURFORM tool (also SURFACE-FORMING tool ) features perforated sheet metal and resembles a food grater . A surform tool consists of a steel strip with holes punched out and the rim of each hole sharpened to form a cutting edge . The strip is mounted in a carriage or handle. Surform
Surform
tools were called "cheese graters" decades before they entered the market as kitchen utensils used to grate cheese. Surform planes have been described as a cross between a rasp and a plane.

Although similar to many food graters made of perforated sheet metal, surforms differ in having sharpened rims. Also, a surform typically is used to shape material, rather than grate it.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology and history * 2 Types * 3 Uses * 4 Popular culture * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

ETYMOLOGY AND HISTORY

An early Surform
Surform
tool made by Simmonds Aerocessories Ltd.

The word surform is an apparent portmanteau of "surface" and "form". It is unclear whether this is a genericized trademark or the opposite, a common name that was subsequently trademarked. Surform
Surform
is a registered trade mark of Stanley Black this was important because they could not be sharpened.

Stanley used the name Surform
Surform
from the start of its marketing campaign in 1956, and became owner of the Surform
Surform
trademark in Australia in 1967.

Stanley now has several competitors that manufacture surform tools. These include Microplane
Microplane
, a manufacturer of woodworking tools and kitchen utensils; Sherrill, a manufacturer of utensils for working with clay; and G-Rasp, a manufacturer of small kitchen rasps. In addition to its own tools, Microplane
Microplane
markets stainless steel replacement blades that fit some of the Stanley surform tools.

TYPES

There are several types of surform tools, used to make different shapes. They include flat plane; flat, half-round, and round rasp, and a variety of other shaping/shaving tools. Larger surform tools are designed for two-handed use; smaller ones for one-handed use.

Although some of these tools are called planes, the United States International Trade Commission has ruled that under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States they belong to the class of files, rasps, and similar tools.

USES

A Microplane
Microplane
surform rasp used to grate fresh ginger

Compared to a conventional rasp or sandpaper, the advantages of a surform rasp include a faster cutting action, no clogging of the tool with material being removed, and little or no dust .

In woodworking , surforms are used for rapidly removing wood from curved surfaces. They remove less wood than a drawknife , so they are easier to control. Even though surforms leave very coarse finishes, the worked areas can be easily smoothed with finer tools, such as files and sanding blocks. Woodworker Sam Maloof described their use in chairmaking: "Once I have roughed out the arm on the bandsaw, I use a Surform® (Stanley® model No. 295). This tool does about the same job as a spokeshave -- it can take off a lot of wood very quickly -- but I can use it without worrying about grain direction." Trimmed nails on an elephant 's foot

In farriery , surforms are used to remove excess hoof wall from a horse's hoof. They may also be used to "manicure elephants' hooves".

In horticulture , surforms are used to smooth pruning cuts and shape exposed wood. Surforms are popular among creators of bonsai , especially among those who use deadwood bonsai techniques .

Surforms are used also to shape surfboards , trim drywall , and in sculpture .

In automobile repair shops , for decades panel beaters have used surform files and rasps to shape plastic body filler . There, these surform tools are commonly called "cheese graters".

As kitchen utensils , surform tools are a recent innovation. The Microplane
Microplane
wood rasp, a sleek stainless steel surform rasp first marketed as a woodworking tool and known generically as a microplane, recently became popular as a kitchen utensil for, among other uses, grating cheese (see Zester
Zester
). An early mention of using a Microplane "rasp-like grater" in the kitchen was a cookbook published in 1999. This was soon followed by mentions such as one of the finest kitchen tools to come along in decades and a miracle citrus zester and hard cheese grater. Initially, it was available from kitchen supply stores and Lee Valley Tools .

POPULAR CULTURE

In the 2001 film Pearl Harbor , in a beach scene a man is seen using what appears to be a surform tool to shape a surfboard. This is an anachronism , as the scene is set in 1941.

SEE ALSO

* Charles William Hayward * Oliver Simmonds

REFERENCES

* ^ William Perkins Spence (1999). Carpentry & Building Construction: A Do-It-Yourself Guide. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 704. ISBN 0-8069-9845-8 . page 649 * ^ Stanley Works (April 1974). "Advertisement". Popular Science. 204 (4): 143. * ^ A B Don Taylor & Larry Hofer (1994). Paint & body handbook (revised ed.). HPBooks. p. 144. ISBN 1-55788-082-4 . page 73 * ^ A B C Michele Anna Jordan (2000). San Francisco seafood. Ten Speed Press. p. 224. ISBN 1-58008-216-5 . page 217 * ^ A B C Seppo Ed Farrey, Myochi Nancy O'Hara, Dai Bosatsu Zendo (Monastery), Eido T. Shimano (FRW) Roshi (2000). Three bowls: vegetarian recipes from an American Zen Buddhist monastery. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 254. ISBN 0-395-97707-X . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) page 243 * ^ Garrett Hack; John S. Sheldon (2003). The handplane book. Taunton Press. p. 272. ISBN 1-56158-712-5 . * ^ "Stanley "Surform": An all new surface-forming tool does 1001 jobs ". Popular Mechanics: 270. April 1957. * ^ UK Trademark 722,126 * ^ A B "More early Surform
Surform
tools". OldTools Archive. 2001. Retrieved 2009-10-03. * ^ D. Frankl, ed. (1956). Welwyn Garden City. The Official Handbook 1956. Ed. J. Burrow & Co. Ltd. p. 92. * ^ A B "New shaping tool grates wood and metal". Popular Science. 169 (3): 211. September 1956. * ^ A B "Stanley surform is a versatile tool (advertisement)". Popular Mechanics (April): 292. 1959. * ^ A B "Popular Science salutes Stanley for its "Surform" tools". Popular Science (September): 140–141. 1966. * ^ Grace Manufacturing (April 1998). " Microplane
Microplane
advertisement". American Woodworker: 25. * ^ "Ruling CLA-2 RR:CR:GC 966668 RSD". United States International Trade Commission. November 3, 2003. Retrieved 2009-05-29. * ^ A B James E. Duffy; Robert Scharff (2003). Auto Body Repair Technology (4 ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 1002. ISBN 0-7668-6272-0 . page 323 * ^ Michael Morris (June 4, 2007). " Microplane
Microplane
Sanding Discs & Rasp Plane Blades: Sanding tools that are easier on the lungs". TOOLS OF THE TRADE Magazine. Retrieved 2009-05-26. * ^ editors of Fine Woodworking
Woodworking
(2006). Designing and Building Chairs. ISBN 978-1-56158-857-2 . CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ Dick Beltran (2008). "Ted Matson carves up a storm". Golden State Bonsai
Bonsai
Federation. Archived from the original on 2008-06-23. Retrieved 2009-05-27. * ^ Larry Haun; Vincent Laurence; Tim Snyder; Millard Fuller (2002). Habitat for Humanity, how to build a house. Taunton Press. p. 282. ISBN 1-56158-532-7 . pages 217, 219 * ^ John W. Mills (1976). The technique of sculpture. Watson-Guptill Publications. p. 168. page 52 * ^ Daniel Boulud; Dorie Greenspan (1999). Daniel Boulud\'s Cafe Boulud cookbook: French-American recipes for the home cook. Simon and Schuster. p. 383. ISBN 0-684-86343-X .

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