A SURFORM tool (also SURFACE-FORMING tool ) features perforated sheet
metal and resembles a food grater . A surform tool consists of a steel
strip with holes punched out and the rim of each hole sharpened to
form a cutting edge . The strip is mounted in a carriage or handle.
Although similar to many food graters made of perforated sheet metal, surforms differ in having sharpened rims. Also, a surform typically is used to shape material, rather than grate it.
* 1 Etymology and history * 2 Types * 3 Uses * 4 Popular culture * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
ETYMOLOGY AND HISTORY
The word surform is an apparent portmanteau of "surface" and "form".
It is unclear whether this is a genericized trademark or the opposite,
a common name that was subsequently trademarked.
Stanley now has several competitors that manufacture surform tools.
There are several types of surform tools, used to make different shapes. They include flat plane; flat, half-round, and round rasp, and a variety of other shaping/shaving tools. Larger surform tools are designed for two-handed use; smaller ones for one-handed use.
Although some of these tools are called planes, the United States International Trade Commission has ruled that under the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States they belong to the class of files, rasps, and similar tools.
Compared to a conventional rasp or sandpaper, the advantages of a surform rasp include a faster cutting action, no clogging of the tool with material being removed, and little or no dust .
In woodworking , surforms are used for rapidly removing wood from curved surfaces. They remove less wood than a drawknife , so they are easier to control. Even though surforms leave very coarse finishes, the worked areas can be easily smoothed with finer tools, such as files and sanding blocks. Woodworker Sam Maloof described their use in chairmaking: "Once I have roughed out the arm on the bandsaw, I use a Surform® (Stanley® model No. 295). This tool does about the same job as a spokeshave -- it can take off a lot of wood very quickly -- but I can use it without worrying about grain direction." Trimmed nails on an elephant 's foot
In farriery , surforms are used to remove excess hoof wall from a horse's hoof. They may also be used to "manicure elephants' hooves".
In horticulture , surforms are used to smooth pruning cuts and shape exposed wood. Surforms are popular among creators of bonsai , especially among those who use deadwood bonsai techniques .
Surforms are used also to shape surfboards , trim drywall , and in sculpture .
In automobile repair shops , for decades panel beaters have used surform files and rasps to shape plastic body filler . There, these surform tools are commonly called "cheese graters".
As kitchen utensils , surform tools are a recent innovation. The
In the 2001 film Pearl Harbor , in a beach scene a man is seen using what appears to be a surform tool to shape a surfboard. This is an anachronism , as the scene is set in 1941.
* ^ William Perkins Spence (1999). Carpentry & Building
Construction: A Do-It-Yourself Guide. Sterling Publishing Company,
Inc. p. 704. ISBN 0-8069-9845-8 . page 649
Stanley Works (April 1974). "Advertisement". Popular Science.
204 (4): 143.
* ^ A B Don Taylor & Larry Hofer (1994). Paint & body handbook
(revised ed.). HPBooks. p. 144. ISBN 1-55788-082-4 . page 73
* ^ A B C Michele Anna Jordan (2000). San Francisco seafood. Ten
Speed Press. p. 224. ISBN 1-58008-216-5 . page 217
* ^ A B C Seppo Ed Farrey, Myochi Nancy O'Hara, Dai Bosatsu Zendo
(Monastery), Eido T. Shimano (FRW) Roshi (2000). Three bowls:
vegetarian recipes from an American Zen Buddhist monastery. Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt. p. 254. ISBN 0-395-97707-X . CS1 maint: Multiple
names: authors list (link ) page 243
* ^ Garrett Hack; John S. Sheldon (2003). The handplane book.
Taunton Press. p. 272. ISBN 1-56158-712-5 .
* ^ "Stanley "Surform": An all new surface-forming tool does 1001
jobs ". Popular Mechanics: 270. April 1957.
* ^ UK Trademark 722,126
* ^ A B "More early