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Zanj
Zanj (Arabic: زنج‎, meaning "Land of the Blacks"[1][2][3]) was a name used by medieval Muslim geographers to refer to both a certain portion of Southeast Africa
Southeast Africa
(primarily the Swahili Coast), and to the area's Bantu inhabitants.[4] This word is also the origin of the place-names Zanzibar
Zanzibar
("coast of the black people") and the Sea of Zanj. Zengī (زنگی) is of unknown derivation. However, the appellation in Persian is roughly equivalent with "negro". It is recorded in Arabic as zanjī (زنجي), and in Turkish as zencî.[5] The latinization Zingium is an archaic name for the band of East Africa coast in modern-day Kenya
Kenya
and Tanzania
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Arabic Language
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah, [al ʕaraˈbijja] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ‎, ʻarabī, [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.[5] It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[6] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east and the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in Northwestern Arabia
Arabia
and in the Sinai Peninsula. The ISO classifies Arabic
Arabic
as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic,[7] which is derived from Classical Arabic
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Wāḳwāḳ
Neolithic
Neolithic
ageCallao and Tabon peoples Arrival of the Negritos Austronesian expansion Angono Petroglyphs Lal-lo and Gattaran Shell Middens Jade cultureIron ageSa Huyun Culture Society of the Igorot Ancient barangaysEvents/ArtifactsBalangay grave goods Manunggul Jar Prehistoric gems Sa Huyun-Kalanay Complex Maitum Anthropomorphic PotteryArchaic epoch (900–1565) Historically documented city-states/polities (by geography from North to South)Samtoy chieftaincy Caboloan Tondo Namayan Rajahnate
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Habesha People
Abyssinian people
Abyssinian people
(Ge'ez: ሐበሻይት), also known as the Habesha or Abesha, are a population inhabiting the Horn of Africa. They include a few linguistically, culturally and ancestrally related ethnic groups in the Ethiopian Highlands
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Chinese People
Chinese people
Chinese people
are the various individuals or ethnic groups associated with China,[1] usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation
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Bantu Languages
The Bantu languages
Bantu languages
(/ˈbæntuː/)[2] (technically the Narrow Bantu languages, as opposed to "Wide Bantu", a loosely defined categorization which includes other Bantoid languages) constitute a traditional branch of the Niger–Congo languages. There are about 250 Bantu languages
Bantu languages
by the criterion of mutual intelligibility,[3] though the distinction between language and dialect is often unclear, and Ethnologue
Ethnologue
counts 535 languages.[4][not in citation given] Bantu languages are largely spoken east and south of present-day Cameroon, that is, in the regions commonly known as Central Africa, Southeast Africa
Africa
and Southern Africa
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Ras Kamboni
Ras Kamboni
Ras Kamboni
(Somali: Raas kambooni) is a town in the Badhaadhe district of Lower Juba region, Somalia, which lies on a peninsula near the border with Kenya. The town is located 274 kilometers south of Kismayo.[1] American officials have said that it has served as a training camp for extremists with connections to Al-Qaeda; al-Sharq al-Awsat reported in May 1999 that al-Qaeda was installing sophisticated communications equipment in the camp.[2][3] US security concerns in the Horn of Africa, particularly at Ras Kamboni, heightened after the attacks on 9/11
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Pemba, Tanzania
Pemba Island, in Arabic: الجزيرة الخضراء‎ I.e., "The Green Island"[citation needed], is an island forming part of the Zanzibar
Zanzibar
Archipelago, lying within the Swahili Coast
Swahili Coast
in the Indian Ocean.Contents1 Geography 2 Climate 3 Archaeology 4 History 5 Economy 6 Transport 7 Gallery 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksGeography[edit] With a land area of 988 square kilometres (381 sq mi)[1] it is situated about 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the north of Unguja, the largest island of the archipelago. In 1964, Zanzibar
Zanzibar
was united with the former colony of Tanganyika
Tanganyika
to form Tanzania. It lies 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of mainland Tanzania, across the Pemba Channel
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Sofala
Sofala, at present known as Nova Sofala, used to be the chief seaport of the Mwenemutapa
Mwenemutapa
Kingdom, whose capital was at Mount Fura. It is located on the Sofala Bank in Sofala Province
Sofala Province
of Mozambique. It was founded by Somali merchants and seafarers. Sofala
Sofala
in Somali literally means “Go dig”. This name was given because the area is rich with resources.[1]Contents1 History1.1 Portuguese arrival 1.2 Aftermath2 Citations 3 ReferencesHistory[edit] One of the oldest harbours documented in Southern Africa, medieval Sofala
Sofala
was erected on the edge of a wide estuary formed by the Buzi River (called Rio de Sofala
Sofala
in older maps)
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Mozambique
Coordinates: 18°15′S 35°00′E / 18.250°S 35.000°E / -18.250; 35.000 Republic
Republic
of MozambiqueRepública de Moçambique  (Portuguese)FlagEmblemAnthem: Pátria Amada  (Portuguese) "Beloved Homeland"Location of  Mozambique  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city Maputo 25°57′S 32°35′E / 25.950°S 32.583°E / -25.950; 32.583Official languages PortugueseDemonym MozambicanGovernment Unitary dominant-party semi-president
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Pangani
Pangani
Pangani
is a town in northeast Tanzania
Tanzania
that lies 45 km south of Tanga, at the mouth of the Pangani
Pangani
River. It is the headquarters of Pangani
Pangani
District.Contents1 History 2 Sources 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] Although archaeologists have found the remains of small 15th century settlements on the bluffs just north of Pangani, the modern town came to prominence in the nineteenth century, when, under nominal Zanzibari rule, it was a major terminus of caravan routes to the deep interior. From the 1860s onward townspeople established large plantations of sugar and coconut in Mauya, along the banks of the river just west of town
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Persian People
The Persians are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half the population of Iran.[3][2] They share a common cultural system and are native speakers of the Persian language,[4][5][6] as well as closely related languages.[7][8] The ancient Persians were a nomadic branch of the ancient Iranian population that entered modern-day Iran
Iran
by the early 10th century BC.[9][10] Together with their compatriot allies, they established and ruled some of the world's most powerful empires,[11][12] well-recognized for their massive cultural, political, and social influence covering much of the territory and population of
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Ethiopia
Coordinates: 8°N 38°E / 8°N 38°E / 8; 38Federal Democratic Republic
Republic
of Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī RīpebilīkFlagEmblemAnthem:  ወደፊት ገስግሺ፣ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ March Forward, Dear Mother EthiopiaCapital and largest city Addis Ababa 9°1′N 38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750Official languages
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Non-resident Indian And Person Of Indian Origin
Overseas Indians, officially known as Non-resident Indians (NRIs) or Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs), are people of Indian birth, descent, or origin who live outside the Republic of India. Overseas Indians are various individuals or ethnic groups associated with India, usually through ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, citizenship or other affiliation and live abroad overseas
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Swahili Language
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language[7]), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people
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Loanword
A loanword (also loan word or loan-word) is a word adopted from one language (the donor language) and incorporated into another language without translation
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