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Zaidiyyah
Zaidiyyah
Zaidiyyah
or Zaidism (Arabic: الزيدية‎ az-zaydiyya, adjective form Zaidi or Zaydi) is one of the Shia
Shia
sects closest in terms of theology to Hanafi
Hanafi
Sunni
Sunni
Islam.[1] Zaidiyyah
Zaidiyyah
emerged in the eighth century out of Shi'a
Shi'a
Islam.[2] Zaidis are named after Zayd ibn ʻAlī, the grandson of Husayn ibn ʻAlī and the son of their fourth Imam Ali ibn 'Husain.[2] Followers of the Zaydi Islamic jurisprudence
Islamic jurisprudence
are called Zaydi and make up about 35–42% of Muslims in Yemen, with the vast majority of Shia
Shia
Muslims in the country being Zaydi.[3][4] Zaidis dismiss religious dissimulation (taqiyya).[5] Zaydis were the oldest branch of the Shia
Shia
and are currently the second largest group after Twelvers
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Muhammad In Islam
Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAbdul-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim (Arabic: مُـحَـمَّـد ابْـن عَـبْـد الله ابْـن عَـبْـد الْـمُـطَّـلِـب ابْـن هَـاشِـم‎) (c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE), in short form Muhammad, is considered to be the last Messenger and Prophet of God
God
in all the main branches of Islam
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Arba'een
Arba'een
Arba'een
(Arabic: الأربعين‎, "forty"), Chehlom (Persian: چهلم‎, Urdu: چہلم‎, "the fortieth [day]") or Qırxı, İmamın Qırxı (Azerbaijani: امامین قیرخی, "the fortieth of Imam") is a Shia
Shia
Muslim religious observance that occurs forty days after the Day of Ashura. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who was killed on the 10th day of the month of Muharram. Imam
Imam
Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
and 72 companions were killed by Yazid I's army in the Battle of Karbala
Karbala
in 61 AH (680 CE)
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Alavi Bohras
The Alavi Bohras
Alavi Bohras
(Arabic: علوي بھرۃ‎) are a Taiyebi Musta'alavi Isma'ili Shi'i Muslim
Muslim
community from Gujarat, India.[2] In India, during the time of the 18th Fatimid
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Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Sulaymani
Bohras (Sulaymanis) are a Musta‘lī Ismaili
Ismaili
community that predominantly reside in Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
(Najran), Yemen, Pakistan
Pakistan
and India
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Dawoodi Bohra
The Dawoodi Bohras are a sect within the Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
branch of Shia Islam.[1][2] Dawoodi mainly reside in the western cities of India
India
and also in Pakistan, Yemen
Yemen
and East Africa.[3] The main language of the community is "Lisan al-Dawat", a dialect of Gujarati with inclusions from Arabic, Urdu and other languages. The Script used is Perso-Arabic. When in communal attire, a Dawoodi male has a form of tunic called kurta, equally lengthy overcoat dress called saya, and an izaar typically donned underneath, all of which are mostly white, along with a white and golden cap called topi. Most men have a beard
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Batin (Islam)
Bāṭin (Arabic: باطن‎) literally means "inner", "inward", "hidden", etc. The Quran, for instance, has a hidden meaning in contrast to its exterior or apparent meaning, the Zahir. Sufis believe that every individual has a batin in the world of souls. It is the inward self of the individual; when cleansed with the light of one's spiritual guide, it elevates a person spiritually.[1][2] This notion is connected to Allah's attribute of the Hidden One, who cannot be seen but exists in every realm. Muslim groups believe that batin[3] can be fully understood only by a figure with esoteric knowledge
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Second Fitna
Yazid I Umar ibn Sa'ad (686) † Marwan I Abd al-Malik Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad (686) † Husayn ibn Numayr (686) † al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf Shemr 686  † A Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr (691) † Mus'ab ibn al-Zubayr (690) † Husayn ibn Ali (680)  † Abbas ibn Ali (680)  † Sulayman ibn Surad (684-685) † al-Mukhtar (685-687) †^A  † All the above killed in action Umayyad leaders killed by Alids leader al-Mukhtar during his reign in Kufa, Mosul, Al-Mada'in, Basra Iraq (685-687)v t eSecond FitnaAlid risingsKarbala 'Ayn al-Warda Revolt of al-Mukhtar (Khazir Harura)Ibn al-Zubayr's RevoltAl-Harrah 1st Mecca Marj Rahit Maskin 2nd Meccav t eCivil wars of the early CaliphatesRidda wars First Fitna Second Fitna Revolt of Ibn al-Ash'ath Revolt of Yazid b. al-Muhallab Revolt of Harith b
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First Fitna
The First Fitna
First Fitna
(Arabic: فتنة مقتل عثمان‎ fitnat maqtal ʿUthmān "strife/sedition of the killing of Uthman") was a civil war within the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
which resulted in the overthrowing of the Rashidun
Rashidun
caliphs and the establishment of the Umayyad dynasty. It began when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan
Uthman ibn Affan
was assassinated by Egyptian rebels in 656 and continued through the four-year reign of Uthman's successor Ali ibn Abi Talib
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Umar At Fatimah's House
Umar
Umar
at Fatimah's house refers to the event where Umar
Umar
and his supporters went to the house of Fatimah, the daughter of the prophet Muhammad, in order to get the allegiance of Ali
Ali
and his followers or burn her house down. This event has been recorded in both Shia
Shia
and Sunni
Sunni
books and is said to be the cause of Fatimah's miscarriage of Muhsin ibn Ali, as well as Fatimah's death shortly after.Contents1 Background 2 Event 3 Aftermath3.1 Fatimah's displeasure 3.2 Fatimah's death4 See also 5 ReferencesBackground[edit] Main articles: Succession to Muhammad
Muhammad
and The event of Ghadir Khumm A few months prior to his death, the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
gathered all the Muslims who were with him and delivered a long sermon
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Event Of Mubahala
The Event of Mubahala
Mubahala
was a meeting between the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
and a Christian
Christian
delegation from Najran
Najran
(present-day Yemen), in the month of Dhu'l-Hijja, 10 AH (October 631,[1] October 631-2,[2] October 632-3),[3] where Muhammad
Muhammad
invoked a curse attempting to reveal who was lying about their religious differences. The initial effort was to invite the Najrani Christians to Islam and acknowledgement of Muhammad
Muhammad
as a prophet. During religious discussions of similarities and differences, the topic of the divinity of ‘Īsā (Arabic: عِـيْـسَى‎, Jesus) arose.[a][4] The Christians refused to accept Muhammad's teachings about Christ and refused denying their beliefs
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Hadith Of The Two Weighty Things
The Hadith
Hadith
al-Thaqalayn refers to a saying (hadith) about which translates to "the two weighty things." In this hadith Muhammad referred to the Qur'an
Qur'an
and Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Bayt
("people of the house", Muhammad's family) as the two weighty things. In the context of this Hadith, Muhammad's family refers to Ali ibn Abi Talib, Fatima bint Muhammad, and their children/descendants. This hadith is accepted by both Shia and Sunni Muslims
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The Event Of Ghadir Khumm
The event of Ghadir Khumm
The event of Ghadir Khumm
( Arabic
Arabic
and Persian: واقعه غدیر خم) is an event that took place in March 632. While returning from the Hajj pilgrimage, the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
gathered all the Muslims who were with him and gave a long sermon
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Eid Al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎, translit. ʿīd al-aḍḥā, lit. 'Feast of the Sacrifice', [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæː]), also called the "Sacrifice Feast", is the second of two Islamic holidays
Islamic holidays
celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son, as an act of obedience to God's command. Before Abraham sacrificed his son, God provided a male goat to sacrifice instead. In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: one third of the share is given to the poor and needy; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is retained by the family. In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah
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Eid Al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr])[2] is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims
Muslims
worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). This religious Eid (Muslim religious festival) is the first and only day in the month of Shawwal during which Muslims
Muslims
are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal
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Mawlid
Mawlid
Mawlid
or Mawlid
Mawlid
al-Nabi al-Sharif (Arabic: مَولِد النَّبِي‎ mawlidu n-nabiyyi, "Birth of the Prophet", sometimes simply called in colloquial Arabic مولد mawl
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