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Willow
About 400. See List of _Salix_ species WILLOWS, also called SALLOWS, and OSIERS, form the genus _SALIX_, around 400 species of deciduous trees and shrubs , found primarily on moist soils in cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere . Most species are known as willow, but some narrow-leaved shrub species are called OSIER, and some broader-leaved species are referred to as SALLOW (from Old English _sealh_, related to the Latin
Latin
word _salix_, willow). Some willows (particularly arctic and alpine species) are low-growing or creeping shrubs; for example, the dwarf willow (_Salix herbacea _) rarely exceeds 6 cm (2.4 in) in height, though it spreads widely across the ground
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Willow (other)
A WILLOW is any of the several hundred species of deciduous trees and shrubs in the genus Salix. WILLOW or WILLOWS may also refer to: CONTENTS* 1 Places * 1.1 Australia * 1.2 Canada * 1.3 United Kingdom * 1.4 United States * 2 People * 3 Books * 4 Film and TV * 4.1 Fictional characters * 5 Video gaming * 6 Music * 6.1 Songs * 7 In science * 7.1 Botany * 7.2 Zoology * 8 Other * 9 See also PLACESAUSTRALIA * The Willows, Queensland * Willow
Willow
Tree, New South Wales * Willows Shoppingtown , a shopping centre in Townsville, Queensland * Willows Sports Complex , Townsville.CANADA * Willows, Saskatchewan , an unincorporated community in the Rural Municipality of Lake of the Rivers No
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Willow Tree (figurines)
WILLOW TREE is a line of figurine sculptures created by artist Susan Lordi in January 2000. The Willow Tree line specializes in rustic faceless people and angels intended to represent feelings or life events. The figurines are made from hand-painted resin which is cast from Lordi's hand-carved clay sculptures. Creator Susan Lordi partnered with the company Demdaco to produce, market and distribute Willow Tree figurines. The line is available nationwide in independent Gift shops and Hallmark stores and is often a top seller. Creator Susan Lordi filed a lawsuit against CVS for selling figurines that she alleges are knockoffs of her designs. According to the lawsuit, CVS launched a line of faceless angels with wire-loop wings, which is a trademark of Lordi's designs
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Salix (other)
SALIX is a genus of deciduous trees and shrubs. SALIX may also refer to: * Salix, Iowa , United States * Salix, Pennsylvania , United States * Salix
Salix
Pharmaceuticals , makers of gastroenterology products * 8648 Salix
Salix
, a main-belt asteroid * Salix
Salix
OS , a Slackware-based Linux distributionPEOPLE WITH THE GIVEN NAME * Salix
Salix
Säydäş (1900–1954), Tatar composer and conductor This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SALIX. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salix_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Morton Arboretum
THE MORTON ARBORETUM , in Lisle , Illinois
Illinois
, is a public garden and outdoor museum with a library, herbarium, and program in tree research including the Center for Tree Science. Its grounds, covering 1,700 acres (6.9 Square kilometres), include cataloged collections of trees and other living plants, gardens, and restored areas, among which is a restored tallgrass prairie . The living collections include more than 4,100 different plant species, which can be referenced in an online database. In all, there are more than 200,000 cataloged plants. As a place of recreation, the Arboretum
Arboretum
has hiking trails, roadways for driving and bicycling, a 4-acre (16,000 m2) interactive children's garden and a 1-acre (4,000 m2) maze. The Schulenberg Prairie
Prairie
at the arboretum was one of the earliest prairie restoration projects in the Midwest, begun in 1962
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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Plant
PLANTS are mainly multicellular , predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom PLANTAE. The term is today generally limited to the GREEN PLANTS, which form an unranked clade VIRIDIPLANTAE (Latin for "green plants"). This includes the flowering plants , conifers and other gymnosperms , ferns , clubmosses , hornworts , liverworts , mosses and the green algae , and excludes the red and brown algae . Historically, plants formed one of two kingdoms covering all living things that were not animals , and both algae and fungi were treated as plants; however all current definitions of "plant" exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria ). Green plants have cell walls containing cellulose and obtain most of their energy from sunlight via photosynthesis by primary chloroplasts , derived from endosymbiosis with cyanobacteria . Their chloroplasts contain chlorophylls a and b, which gives them their green color
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Angiosperms
sweet bay SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Embryophyta (unranked): Spermatophyta (unranked): ANGIOSPERMS GROUPS (APG IV) Basal angiosperms * Amborellales * Nymphaeales
Nymphaeales
* Austrobaileyales Core angiosperms * magnoliids * Chloranthales * monocots * Ceratophyllales * eudicots SYNONYMS * Anthophyta Cronquist * Angiospermae Lindl. * Magnoliophyta Cronquist , Takht. they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers , endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure, in other words, a fruiting plant
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Eudicots
The EUDICOTS, EUDICOTIDAE or EUDICOTYLEDONS are a monophyletic clade of flowering plants that had been called TRICOLPATES or NON-MAGNOLIID DICOTS by previous authors. The botanical terms were introduced in 1991 by evolutionary botanist James A. Doyle and paleobotanist Carol L. Hotton to emphasize the later evolutionary divergence of tricolpate dicots from earlier, less specialized, dicots. The close relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains was initially seen in morphological studies of shared derived characters . These plants have a distinct trait in their pollen grains of exhibiting three colpi or grooves paralleling the polar axis. Later molecular evidence confirmed the genetic basis for the evolutionary relationships among flowering plants with tricolpate pollen grains and dicotyledonous traits. The term means "true dicotyledons", as it contains the majority of plants that have been considered dicots and have characteristics of the dicots
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Rosids
The ROSIDS are members of a large clade (monophyletic group) of flowering plants , containing about 70,000 species , more than a quarter of all angiosperms. The clade is divided into 16 to 20 orders , depending upon circumscription and classification . These orders, in turn, together comprise about 140 families . Fossil rosids are known from the Cretaceous
Cretaceous
period. Molecular clock estimates indicate that the rosids originated in the Aptian or Albian stages of the Cretaceous, between 125 and 99.6 million years ago. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Relationships * 3 Classification * 3.1 Orders * 4 Phylogeny
Phylogeny
* 5 References * 6 External links NAMEThe name is based upon the name " Rosidae ", which had usually been understood to be a subclass
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Malpighiales
Rhizophorales _ Aspidopterys cordata _ ( Malpighiaceae ) The MALPIGHIALES comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants , containing about 16,000 species , about 7.8% of the eudicots . The order is very diverse, containing plants as different as the willow, violet, _ Poinsettia _, and coca plant, and are hard to recognize except with molecular phylogenetic evidence. It is not part of any of the classification systems based only on plant morphology . Molecular clock calculations estimate the origin of stem group Malpighiales at around 100 million years ago (Mya ) and the origin of crown group Malpighiales at about 90 Mya. The Malpighiales are divided into 32 to 42 families , depending upon which clades in the order are given the taxonomic rank of family. In the APG III system , 35 families are recognized
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Salicaceae
Abatieae Bembicieae Flacourtieae Homalieae Prockieae Saliceae Samydeae Scolopieae SYNONYMS Bembiciaceae Caseariaceae Flacourtiaceae Homaliaceae Poliothyrsidaceae Prockiaceae Samydaceae Scyphostegiaceae and see text The SALICACEAE are a family, the WILLOW FAMILY, of flowering plants . The traditional family ( Salicaceae
Salicaceae
sensu stricto) included the willows, poplar, aspen, and cottonwoods. Recent genetic studies summarized by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group have greatly expanded the circumscription of the family to contain 56 genera and about 1220 species. In the Cronquist system
Cronquist system
, the Salicaceae
Salicaceae
were assigned to their own order, Salicales, and contained three genera (Salix , Populus
Populus
, and Chosenia ). The family is placed by the APG in the order Malpighiales
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Carl Linnaeus
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician , and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin , and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University , and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his _ Systema Naturae _ in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala
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Type Species
In zoological nomenclature , a TYPE SPECIES (_species typica_) is the species name with which the name of a genus or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological type specimen(s). A similar concept is used for suprageneric groups called a type genus . In botanical nomenclature , these terms have no formal standing under the code of nomenclature , but are sometimes borrowed from zoological nomenclature. In botany, the type of a genus name is a specimen (or, rarely, an illustration) which is also the type of a species name. The species name that has that type can also be referred to as the type of the genus name. Names of genus and family ranks, the various subdivisions of those ranks, and some higher-rank names based on genus names, have such types. In bacteriology , a type species is assigned for each genus
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Salix Alba
SALIX ALBA (WHITE WILLOW) is a species of willow native to Europe
Europe
and western and central Asia
Asia
. The name derives from the white tone to the undersides of the leaves. It is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree growing up to 10–30 m tall, with a trunk up to 1 m diameter and an irregular, often-leaning crown. The bark is grey-brown, and deeply fissured in older trees. The shoots in the typical species are grey-brown to green-brown. The leaves are paler than most other willows, due to a covering of very fine, silky white hairs, in particular on the underside; they are 5–10 cm long and 0.5–1.5 cm wide. The flowers are produced in catkins in early spring, and pollinated by insects . It is dioecious , with male and female catkins on separate trees; the male catkins are 4–5 cm long, the female catkins 3–4 cm long at pollination, lengthening as the fruit matures
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L.
CARL LINNAEUS (/lɪˈniːəs, lɪˈneɪəs/ ; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as CARL VON LINNé (Swedish pronunciation: ( listen )), was a Swedish botanist , physician , and zoologist , who formalised the modern system of naming organisms called binomial nomenclature . He is known by the epithet "father of modern taxonomy". Many of his writings were in Latin , and his name is rendered in Latin as CAROLUS LINNæUS (after 1761 CAROLUS A LINNé). Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland , in southern Sweden . He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University , and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published a first edition of his _ Systema Naturae _ in the Netherlands. He then returned to Sweden, where he became professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala
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