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Suebi
The Suebi
Suebi
(or Suevi, Suavi, or Suevians) were a large group of tribes who lived in Germania
Germania
in the time of the Roman Empire. They were first mentioned by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in connection with his battles against Ariovistus in Gaul, around 58 BC.[1] While Caesar treated them as one Germanic tribe within an alliance, but the largest and most warlike one, later authors, such as Tacitus, Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
and Strabo, specified that the Suevi "do not, like the Chatti
Chatti
or Tencteri, constitute a single nation
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Root (linguistics)
A root (or root word) is a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.[citation needed] The root word is the primary lexical unit of a word, and of a word family (this root is then called the base word), which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Content words in nearly all languages contain, and may consist only of root morphemes. However, sometimes the term "root" is also used to describe the word minus its inflectional endings, but with its lexical endings in place. For example, chatters has the inflectional root or lemma chatter, but the lexical root chat. Inflectional roots are often called stems, and a root in the stricter sense may be thought of as a monomorphemic stem. The traditional definition allows roots to be either free morphemes or bound morphemes. Root morphemes are essential for affixation and compounds
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Celtic Languages
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordi
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Proto-Slavic
Proto-Slavic is the unattested, reconstructed proto-language of all the Slavic languages. It represents Slavic speech approximately from the 5th to 9th centuries AD. As with most other proto-languages, no attested writings have been found; scholars have reconstructed the language by applying the comparative method to all the attested Slavic languages and by taking into account other Indo-European languages. Rapid development of Slavic speech occurred during the Proto-Slavic period, coinciding with the massive expansion of the Slavic-speaking area. Dialectal differentiation occurred early on during this period, but overall linguistic unity and mutual intelligibility continued for several centuries, into the 10th century or later
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Proto-Indo-European Language
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordi
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Jacob Grimm
Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm (4 January 1785 – 20 September 1863) also known as Ludwig Karl, was a German philologist, jurist, and mythologist. He is known as the discoverer of Grimm's law (linguistics), the co-author with his brother Wilhelm of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as the elder of the Brothers Grimm
Brothers Grimm
and the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales.[a]Contents1 Life and books1.1 Meeting von Savigny 1.2 Librarianship 1.3 Later work2 Linguistic work2.1 History
History
of the German Language 2.2 German Grammar 2.3 Grimm's law 2.4 German Dictionary3 Literary work 4 Legal scholarship 5 Politics 6 Works 7 Notes 8 Citations 9 References 10 External linksLife and books[edit] Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
was born in Hanau, in Hesse-Kassel
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum
Mediolanum
(286–402, Western) Augusta Treverorum Sirmium Ravenna
Ravenna
(402–476, Western)
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Slavs
Slavs
Slavs
are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group who speak the various Slavic languages
Slavic languages
of the larger Balto-Slavic linguistic group. They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe
Europe
all the way north and westwards to Northeast Europe
Europe
, Northern Asia (Siberia), the Caucasus, and Central Asia (especially Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Turkmenistan) as well as historically in Western Europe
Europe
(particularly in East Germany) and Western Asia (including Anatolia)
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Sabellians
Sabellians is a collective ethnonym for a group of Italic peoples
Italic peoples
or tribes inhabiting central and southern Italy
Italy
at the time of the rise of Rome.[1] The name was first applied by Niebuhr[2] and encompassed the Sabines, Marsi, Marrucini and Vestini
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Bavarians
Bavarians
Bavarians
(Bavarian: Boarn, Standard German: Bayern) are an ethnographic group of Germans
Germans
of the Bavaria
Bavaria
region, a state within Germany. The group's dialect or speech is known as the Bavarian language, native to Altbayern
Altbayern
("Old Bavaria"), roughly the territory of the Electorate of Bavaria
Bavaria
in the 17th century. Like the neighboring Swabians
Swabians
and Austrians, Bavarians
Bavarians
are traditionally Catholic
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Sabines
Timeline Italy
Italy
portalv t eThe Sabines
Sabines
(/ˈseɪbaɪn/; Latin: Sabini; Ancient Greek: Σαβῖνοι Sabĩnoi; Italian: Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic tribe which lived in the central Apennines
Apennines
of ancient Italy, also inhabiting Latium
Latium
north of the Anio before the founding of Rome. The Sabines
Sabines
divided into two populations just after the founding of Rome, which is described by Roman legend. The division, however it came about, is not legendary. The population closer to Rome transplanted itself to the new city and united with the pre-existing citizenry, beginning a new heritage that descended from the Sabines but was also Latinized. The second population remained a mountain tribal state, coming finally to war against Rome
Rome
for its independence along with all the other Italic tribes
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Alsace
Alsace
Alsace
(/ælˈsæs, -ˈseɪs, ˈælsæs, -seɪs/,[3] French: [alzas] ( listen); Alsatian: ’s Elsass [ˈɛlsɑs]; German: Elsass[4] [ˈɛlzas] ( listen); Latin: Alsatia) is a cultural and historical region in eastern France
France
now located in the administrative region of Grand Est
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Reflexive Pronoun
In language, a reflexive pronoun, sometimes simply called a reflexive, is a pronoun that is preceded or followed by the noun, adjective, adverb or pronoun to which it refers (its antecedent) within the same clause. In the English language
English language
specifically, a reflexive pronoun will end in ‑self or ‑selves, and refer to a previously named noun or pronoun (myself, yourself, ourselves, etc.). Intensive pronouns, used for emphasis, take the same form. In generative grammar, a reflexive pronoun is an anaphor that must be bound by its antecedent (see binding)
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Agri Decumates
The Agri Decumates
Agri Decumates
or Decumates Agri were a region of the Roman Empire's provinces of Germania superior
Germania superior
("Upper Germania") and Raetia; covering the Black Forest, Swabian Jura, and Franconian Jura
Franconian Jura
areas between the Rhine, Main, and Danube
Danube
rivers; in present southwestern Germany, including present Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Freiburg im Breisgau, and Weißenburg in Bayern. The only ancient reference to the name comes from Tacitus' book Germania (chapter 29).[1][2] However the later geographer Claudius Ptolemy
Claudius Ptolemy
does mention "the desert of the Helvetians" in this area.[3] The meaning of Decumates is lost and has been the subject of much contention
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Danube
The Danube
Danube
or Donau (/ˈdænjuːb/ DAN-yoob, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe. The Danube
Danube
was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world. Originating in Germany, the Danube
Danube
flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi), passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova
Moldova
and Ukraine
Ukraine
before emptying into the Black Sea. Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries
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Strabo
Strabo[1] (/ˈstreɪboʊ/; Greek: Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC – c. AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor
Asia Minor
during the transitional period of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
into the Roman Empire.Contents1 Life 2 Education 3 Geographica 4 Geology 5 Editions 6 Notes 7 References 8 Sources 9 External linksLife[edit]Title page from Isaac Casaubon's 1620 edition of Geographica Strabo
Strabo
was born to an affluent family from Amaseia in Pontus (modern Amasya, Turkey),[2] a city that he said was situated the approximate equivalent of 75 km from the Black Sea
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