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Staffordshire
STAFFORDSHIRE (/ˈstæfədʃɪər/ or /ˈstæfədʃə/ ; abbreviated STAFFS) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It adjoins Cheshire to the north west, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the south east, West Midlands and Worcestershire to the south, and Shropshire to the west. Stone railway station in Stone . The largest city in Staffordshire is Stoke-on-Trent , which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority . Lichfield also has city status , although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city . Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent , Cannock , Newcastle-under-Lyme , Leek , and Tamworth . Smaller towns include Stone , Uttoxeter , Rugeley , Eccleshall , Penkridge and large villages Wombourne , Kinver , Tutbury and Stretton . Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park. Wolverhampton , Walsall , West Bromwich , and Smethwick were historic Staffordshire towns until local government reorganisation created the West Midlands county in 1974
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Counties Of England
COUNTIES OF ENGLAND are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation. For administrative purposes, England outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly is divided into 83 metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties . These counties may consist of a single district or be divided into several districts. As of April 2009, 27 of these counties are divided into districts and have a county council . Six of the counties, covering the major conurbations , are known as metropolitan counties , which do not have county councils, although some functions are organised on a county-wide basis by their districts (metropolitan boroughs ) acting jointly. All of England (including Greater London and the Isles of Scilly) is also divided into 48 ceremonial counties , which are also known as geographic counties. Most ceremonial counties correspond to a metropolitan or non-metropolitan county of the same name but often with reduced boundaries. The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform. Many of the counties have their origins in the Middle Ages , although the larger counties of Yorkshire and Sussex lost many or all of their administrative functions centuries ago. The geographic counties which existed before the local government reforms of 1965 and 1974 are referred to as ancient counties or historic counties
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Flag Of Staffordshire
The STAFFORDSHIRE FLAG is the flag of the county of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
. It was registered with the Flag Institute on 28 March 2016 following a competition between two rival designs. The winning design was proposed by the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Heritage Group as a simplified version of the other candidate, the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
County Council Banner of Arms. CONTENTS * 1 Design * 2 Staffordshire
Staffordshire
County Council Banner * 3 References DESIGNThe flag incorporates the Stafford knot in gold on the de Stafford coat of arms. The symbol of the Stafford
Stafford
Knot is unique to the county with a venerable tradition and widespread usage. It is incorporated into the logo of the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
County Cricket Club and of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Fire and Rescue Service amongst others. The colour scheme of gold on red is similarly included on many of the arms found in the county, such as the coat of arms of Keele University
Keele University
as well as on the arms used by Staffordshire
Staffordshire
County Council. STAFFORDSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL BANNER Banner of the arms of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
County Council
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Coat Of Arm Of Staffordshire
This is a LIST OF THE COATS OF ARMS OF VARIOUS COUNTY COUNCILS (CURRENT AND FORMER) IN ENGLAND. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 History * 2.1 First grants * 2.2 Changes in 1965 * 2.3 Changes in 1974 * 2.4 Changes in 1986 * 2.5 Changes after 1996 * 3 Use of the arms * 4 Current * 4.1 Non-metropolitan county councils * 4.2 Unitary authorities of ceremonial counties * 5 Obsolete * 5.1 County councils 1889-1974 * 5.2 Greater London Council 1965-1986 * 5.3 Non-Metropolitan County Councils * 5.4 Metropolitan County Councils 1974 - 1986 * 6 Sources * 7 References BACKGROUNDUnder heraldic law in England, arms are not granted to places as such, but only to the corporate bodies that govern them. Accordingly, although arms and devices were associated with counties from the eighteenth century onward, there were no official grants until the establishment of county councils in 1889. HISTORYFIRST GRANTSThe first grant was made to West Sussex County Council
West Sussex County Council
soon after its establishment in 1889. The cost of the grant was defrayed by the Duke of Norfolk
Norfolk
, titular head of the College of Arms , who was also first chairman of the county council
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community of nations concerning the criteria for statehood . For more information on the criteria used to determine the contents of this list, please see the _criteria for inclusion _ section below. The list is intended to include entities that have been recognized to have _de facto_ status as sovereign states, and inclusion should not be seen as an endorsement of any specific claim to statehood in legal terms
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world . The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe
Europe
. It is also the 21st-most populous country , with an estimated 65.1 million inhabitants
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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales . Additionally, devolution in Northern Ireland is conditional on co-operation between the Northern Ireland Executive and the Government of Ireland (see North/South Ministerial Council ) and the British Government consults with the Government of Ireland to reach agreement on some non-devolved matters for Northern Ireland (see British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference ). England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, remains fully the responsibility of the UK Parliament centralised in London . England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) list of countries
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities. The remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders' boards. In 1998, regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, which produced strategic plans and recommendations to local authorities
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West Midlands (region)
The WEST MIDLANDS is one of nine official regions of England
England
at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes. It covers the western half of the area traditionally known as the Midlands . It contains the second most populous British city, Birmingham
Birmingham
, and the larger West Midlands conurbation , which includes the city of Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and large towns of Dudley
Dudley
, Solihull , Walsall and West Bromwich . The city of Coventry
Coventry
is also located within the West Midlands county
West Midlands county
, but is separated from the conurbation to the west by several miles of green belt . The region is geographically diverse, from the urban central areas of the conurbation to the rural western counties of Shropshire
Shropshire
and Herefordshire which border Wales
Wales
. The longest river in the UK, the River Severn , traverses the region southeastwards, flowing through the county towns of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Worcester
Worcester
, and the Ironbridge Gorge , a UNESCO World Heritage Site , as birthplace of the Industrial Revolution
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Historic Counties Of England
The HISTORIC COUNTIES OF ENGLAND were established for administration by the Normans , in most cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires established by the Anglo-Saxons
Anglo-Saxons
and others. They ceased to be used for administration with the creation of the administrative counties in 1889. They are alternatively known as ANCIENT COUNTIES or TRADITIONAL COUNTIES. Where they are not included among the modern counties of England
England
they are also known as FORMER COUNTIES. Despite this name, several historic counties continue to be recognised as cultural regions and have their own county days , county flags and boundary signs, many of which were created or registered long after these counties were abandoned as units for administrative purposes. Unlike the partly self-governing boroughs that covered urban areas, the counties of medieval England
England
existed primarily as a means of enforcing central government power, enabling monarchs to exercise control over local areas through their chosen representatives – originally Sheriffs and later the Lord Lieutenants – and their subordinate justices of the peace . Counties were used initially for the administration of justice , collection of taxes and organisation of the military, and later for local government and electing parliamentary representation
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Ceremonial Counties Of England
The CEREMONIAL COUNTIES, also referred to as the LIEUTENANCY AREAS OF ENGLAND, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed. Legally the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as COUNTIES AND AREAS FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE LIEUTENANCIES IN GREAT BRITAIN, in contrast to the areas used for local government . They are also informally known as GEOGRAPHIC COUNTIES, as often representing more permanent features of English geography, and to distinguish them from counties of England which have a present-day administrative function. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Shrieval counties * 3 Definition * 3.1 Ceremonial counties since 1997 * 4 Lieutenancy areas in 1890 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Notes * 8 External links HISTORY Ceremonial counties before the creation of Greater London in 1965 (showing counties corporate as part of the main counties.) The distinction between a county for purposes of the Lieutenancy and a county for administrative purposes is not a new one: in some cases a county corporate that was part of a county was appointed its own Lieutenant (although the Lieutenant of the containing county would often be appointed to this position as well), and the three Ridings of Yorkshire had been treated as three counties for Lieutenancy purposes since the 17th century
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Lord Lieutenant Of Staffordshire
This is a list of people who have served as LORD LIEUTENANT FOR STAFFORDSHIRE . Since 1828, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
. LORD LIEUTENANTS OF STAFFORDSHIRE This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it
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High Sheriff Of Staffordshire
STAFFORDSHIRE (/ˈstæfədʃɪər/ or /ˈstæfədʃə/ ; abbreviated STAFFS) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England. It adjoins Cheshire to the north west, Derbyshire and Leicestershire to the east, Warwickshire to the south east, West Midlands and Worcestershire
Worcestershire
to the south, and Shropshire to the west. Stone railway station
Stone railway station
in Stone . The largest city in Staffordshire
Staffordshire
is Stoke-on-Trent , which is administered separately from the rest of the county as an independent unitary authority . Lichfield
Lichfield
also has city status , although this is a considerably smaller cathedral city . Major towns include Stafford (the county town), Burton upon Trent , Cannock , Newcastle-under-Lyme , Leek , and Tamworth . Smaller towns include Stone , Uttoxeter , Rugeley , Eccleshall , Penkridge and large villages Wombourne
Wombourne
, Kinver , Tutbury and Stretton . Cannock Chase AONB is within the county as well as parts of the National Forest and the Peak District national park
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