Lichfield /ˈlɪtʃfiːld/ is a cathedral city and civil parish in
Staffordshire, England. One of eight civil parishes with city status
Lichfield is situated roughly 16 mi (26 km)
north of Birmingham. At the time of the 2011 Census the population was
estimated at 32,219 and the wider
Lichfield District at 100,700.
Notable for its three-spired medieval cathedral,
Lichfield was the
birthplace of Samuel Johnson, the writer of the first authoritative
Dictionary of the English Language. The city's recorded history began
Chad of Mercia
Chad of Mercia arrived to establish his Bishopric in 669 AD
and the settlement grew as the ecclesiastical centre of Mercia. In
Staffordshire Hoard, the largest hoard of
and silver metalwork, was found 5.9 km (3.7 mi) south-west
The development of the city was consolidated in the 12th century under
Roger de Clinton, who fortified the Cathedral Close and also laid out
the town with the ladder-shaped street pattern that survives to this
day. Lichfield's heyday was in the 18th century, when it developed
into a thriving coaching city. This was a period of great intellectual
activity, the city being the home of many famous people including
Samuel Johnson, David Garrick,
Erasmus Darwin and Anna Seward, and
prompted Johnson's remark that
Lichfield was "a city of philosophers".
Today, the city still retains its old importance as an ecclesiastical
centre, and its industrial and commercial development has been
limited. The centre of the city has over 230 listed buildings
(including many examples of Georgian architecture), and preserves much
of its historic character.
2.1 Prehistory and antiquity
2.2 Middle Ages
2.3 Early Modern
2.4 Late Modern and contemporary
3.1 Local government
3.2 Members of Parliament
7 Culture and community
7.2 Community facilities
8 Places of interest
11 Religion and beliefs
13 Notable Lichfeldians
13.1 16th c.
13.2 17th c.
13.3 18th c.
13.4 19th c.
13.5 20th c.
13.6 Authors and Writers
16 See also
18 External links
The origin of the modern name "Lichfield" is twofold. At Wall,
3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the current city, there was a
Romano-British village, Letocetum, a
Common Brittonic place name
meaning "Greywood", "grey" perhaps referring to varieties of tree
prominent in the landscape such as ash and elm. This passed into
Old English as Lyccid, cf. Old Welsh: Luitcoyt, to which was
appended Old English: feld "open country". This word Lyccidfeld is the
origin of the word "Lichfield".
Popular etymology has it that a thousand Christians were martyred in
Lichfield around AD 300 during the reign of
Diocletian and that the
Lichfield actually means "field of the dead" (see lich). There is
no evidence to support this legend.
Prehistory and antiquity
Main article: Letocetum
The earliest evidence of settlement is
Mesolithic flints discovered on
the high ground of the cemetery at St Michael on Greenhill, which may
indicate an early flint industry. Traces of
Neolithic settlement have
been discovered on the south side of the sandstone ridge occupied by
2.2 mi (3.5 km) south-west of Lichfield, near the point
Icknield Street crosses
Watling Street was the site of Letocetum
(the Brittonic *Lētocaiton, "Greywood"). Established in AD 50 as a
Roman military fortress, it had become a civilian settlement (vicus)
with a bath house and a mansio by the 2nd century.
into decline by the 4th century and the Romans had left by the 5th
century. There have been scattered Romano-British finds in Lichfield
and it is possible that a burial discovered beneath the cathedral in
1751 was Romano-British. There is no evidence of what happened to
Letocetum after the Romans left; however
Lichfield may have emerged as
the inhabitants of
Letocetum relocated during its decline. A Cair Luit
Coyd ("Fort Greywood") was listed by
Nennius among the 28 cities of
Britain in his Historia Brittonum, although these were largely
historic remembrances of early Sub-Roman Britain.
Lichfield Cathedral was built between 1195 and 1249.
The early history of
Lichfield is obscure. The first authentic record
Lichfield occurs in Bede's history, where it is called Licidfelth
and mentioned as the place where St Chad fixed the episcopal see of
the Mercians in 669. The first
Christian king of Mercia, Wulfhere,
donated land at
Lichfield for St Chad to build a monastery. It was
because of this that the ecclesiastical centre of
settled as the Diocese of Lichfield, which was approximately 7 miles
(11 km) northwest of the seat of the Mercian kings at Tamworth.
In July 2009, the
Staffordshire Hoard, the largest collection of
Anglo-Saxon gold ever found, was discovered in a field in the parish
of Hammerwich, 4 mi (6.4 km) south-west of Lichfield; it was
probably deposited in the 7th century.
The first cathedral was built on the present site in 700 when Bishop
Hædde built a new church to house the bones of St Chad, which had
become the centre of a sacred shrine to many pilgrims when he died in
672. The burial in the cathedral of the kings of Mercia, Wulfhere in
674 and Ceolred in 716, further increased the city's prestige. In
786 King Offa made the city an archbishopric with authority over all
the bishops from the
Humber to the River Thames; his appointee was
Archbishop Hygeberht. After King Offa's death in 796, Lichfield's
power waned; in 803 the primacy was restored to Canterbury by Pope Leo
III after only 16 years.
Historia Brittonum lists the city as one of the 28 cities of
Britain around AD 833.
During the 9th century,
Mercia was devastated by Danish Vikings.
Lichfield itself was unwalled and the cathedral was despoiled, so
Bishop Peter moved the see to the fortified and wealthier
1075. At the time of the
Domesday Book survey (1086),
held by the bishop of Chester;
Lichfield was listed as a small
village. The lord of the manor was the Bishop of
Chester until the
reign of Edward VI.
Staffordshire Hoard was discovered in a field near Lichfield
In 1102 Bishop Peter's successor, Robert de Limesey, transferred the
Chester to Coventry. The Bishop of
seats in both locations; work on the present Gothic cathedral at
Lichfield began in 1195. (In 1837 the see of
independent status, and the style 'Bishop of Lichfield' was adopted.)
Roger de Clinton was responsible for transforming the scattered
settlements to the south of
Minster Pool into the ladder-plan streets
existing today. Market Street, Wade Street, Bore Street and Frog Lane
linked Dam Street, Conduit Street and Bakers Lane on one side with
Bird Street and St John Street on the other. Bishop de Clinton also
fortified the cathedral close and enclosed the town with a bank and
ditch, and gates were set up where roads into the town crossed the
ditch. In 1291
Lichfield was severely damaged by a fire which
destroyed most of the town; however the Cathedral and Close survived
In 1387 Richard II gave a charter for the foundation of the guild of
St Mary and St John the Baptist; this guild functioned as the local
government, until its dissolution by Edward VI, who incorporated the
town in 1548.
Lichfield in 1781
The policies of Henry VIII had a dramatic effect on Lichfield. The
Reformation brought the disappearance of pilgrim traffic following the
destruction of St Chad's shrine in 1538, which was a major loss to the
city's economic prosperity. That year too the Franciscan Friary was
dissolved, the site becoming a private estate. Further economic
decline followed the outbreak of plague in 1593, which resulted in the
death of over a third of the entire population.
Three people were burned at the stake for heresy under Mary I. The
last public burning at the stake in
England took place in Lichfield,
Edward Wightman from
Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent was executed by burning in
the Market Place on 11 April 1612 for promoting himself as the divine
Paraclete and Saviour of the world.
Samuel Johnson was born in Breadmarket Street in 1709
Dr. Johnson in Lichfield's Market Square
"The Doctor's statue, which is of some inexpensive composite painted a
shiny brown, and of no great merit of design, fills out the vacant
dulness of the little square in much the same way as his massive
personality occupies—with just a margin for Garrick—the record of
his native town."—Henry James,
Lichfield and Warwick, 1872
Richard Cockle Lucas
Richard Cockle Lucas (sculptor) of Johnson statue taken
In the English Civil War,
Lichfield was divided. The cathedral
authorities, supported by some of the townsfolk, were for the king,
but the townsfolk generally sided with the Parliament. This led to the
fortification of the close in 1643. Lichfield's position as a focus of
supply routes had an important strategic significance during the war,
and both forces were anxious for control of the city. The
Parliamentary commander Lord Brooke led an assault on the fortified
close, but was killed by a deflected bullet on St Chad's day in 1643,
an accident welcomed as a miracle by the Royalists. The close
subsequently yielded to the Parliamentarians, but was retaken by
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
Prince Rupert of the Rhine in the same year; on the collapse of the
Royalist cause in 1646 it again surrendered. The cathedral suffered
extensive damage from the war, including the complete destruction of
the central spire. It was restored at the Restoration under the
supervision of Bishop Hacket, and thanks in part to the generosity of
King Charles II.
Lichfield started to develop a lively coaching trade as a stop-off on
the busy route between
Chester from the 1650s onwards,
making it Staffordshire's most prosperous town. In the 18th century,
and then reaching its peak in the period from 1800—1840, the city
thrived as a busy coaching city on the main routes from
London to the
Birmingham to the north-east. It also became a centre
of great intellectual activity, being the home of many famous people
including Samuel Johnson, David Garrick,
Erasmus Darwin and Anna
Seward; this prompted Johnson's remark that
Lichfield was "a city of
philosophers". In the 1720s
Daniel Defoe described
Lichfield as 'a
fine, neat, well-built, and indifferent large city', the principal
town in the region after Chester. During the late 18th and early
19th century much of the medieval city was rebuilt with the red-brick
Georgian style buildings still to be seen today. Also during this
time, the city's infrastructure underwent great improvements, with
underground sewerage systems, paved streets and gas-powered street
lighting. An infantry regiment of the
British Army was formed at
Lichfield in 1705 by Col.
Luke Lillingstone in the King's Head tavern
in Bird Street. In 1751 it became the 38th Regiment of Foot, and in
1783 the 1st
Staffordshire Regiment; after reorganisation in 1881 it
became the 1st battalion of the South
Late Modern and contemporary
The arrival of the
Industrial Revolution and the railways in 1837
signalled the end of Lichfield's position as an important staging post
for coaching traffic. While nearby
Birmingham (and its population)
expanded greatly during the Industrial Revolution,
largely unchanged in character.
The first council houses were built in the Dimbles area of the city in
the 1930s. The outbreak of
World War II
World War II brought over 2,000 evacuees
from industrialised areas. However, due to the lack of heavy industry
in the city,
Lichfield escaped lightly, although there were air raids
in 1940 and 1941 and three Lichfeldians were killed. Just outside the
city, Wellington Bombers flew out of
Fradley Aerodrome, which was
known as RAF Lichfield. After the war the council built many new
houses in the 1960s, including some high-rise flats, while the late
1970s and early 1980s saw the construction of a large housing estate
at Boley Park in the south-east of the city. The city's population
tripled between 1951 and the late 1980s.
The city has continued expanding to the west. The Darwin Park housing
estate has been under development for a number of years and has
swelled the city's population by approximately 3,000. Plans have been
approved for Friarsgate, a new £100 million shopping and leisure
Lichfield City Station. The police station, bus
station, Ford garage and multi-storey car park will be demolished to
make way for 22,000 m2 of retail space and 2,000 m2 of leisure
facilities, consisting of a flagship department store, six-screen
cinema, hotel, 37 individual shops and 56 flats.
Bishop of Lichfield
Bishop of Lichfield had authority over the city. It
was not until 1548, with Edward VI's charter, that
Lichfield had any
form of secular government. As a reward for the support given to Mary
I by the bailiffs and citizens during the Duke of Northumberland's
attempt to prevent her accession, the Queen issued a new charter in
1553, confirming the 1548 charter and in addition granting the city
its own Sheriff. The same charter made
Lichfield a county separate
from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888.
The City Council (not to be confused with
Lichfield District Council,
which has authority over a wider area than
Lichfield city) has 28
members (from the 7 wards of Boley Park, Chadsmead, Curborough,
Leamonsley, St John's, Pentire Road and Stowe), who are elected every
four years. After the 2015 parish council elections, the Conservatives
remained in overall control, with the 28 seats being divided between
the Conservatives (26), Labour (1) and the Liberal Democrats (1). The
Right Worshipful the
Janice Greaves) is the civic head of the Council and chairs
Council meetings. The Council also appoints a Leader of Council to be
the main person responsible for leadership of the Council's political
and policy matters. The Council's current Leader is
Lichfield is one of only 15 towns and cities in
Wales which appoints a Sheriff.
Members of Parliament
Lichfield constituency sent two members to the parliament of 1304
and to a few succeeding parliaments, but the representation did not
become regular until 1552; in 1867 it lost one member, and in 1885 its
representation was merged into that of the county. The Lichfield
constituency was abolished in 1950 and replaced with the
Tamworth constituency. This constituency lasted until 1983, when it
was replaced with the Mid
Based on the resident's location in Lichfield, there are technically
two MPs. The current Member of Parliament for
Lichfield centre is the
Conservative Michael Fabricant, who has been MP for
1997. Fabricant was first elected for the Mid Staffordshire
constituency in 1992, regaining the seat for the Conservatives
following Sylvia Heal's victory for Labour at the 1990 by-election.
Fabricant took the seat with a majority of 6,236 and has remained a
Member of Parliament since. The Mid
Staffordshire seat was abolished
at the 1997 general election, but Fabricant contested and won the
Lichfield constituency, which partially replaced it, by just 238
votes. He has remained the
Lichfield MP since, increasing his majority
to 4,426 in 2001, 7,080 in 2005, 17,683 in 2010 and 18,189 in 2015.
Christopher Pincher is current Member of Parliament for Tamworth and
http://www.christopherpincher.com/in-your-area/map) and was elected as
the Conservative Member in May 2010, and was re-elected in May 2015
with a majority of 11,302.
Lichfield covers an area of approximately 5.41 sq mi
(14.0 km2) in the south-east of the county of
the West Midlands region of England. It is approximately 25 km
(16 mi) north of
Birmingham and 200 km (120 mi)
north-west of London. The city is located between the high ground of
Cannock Chase to the west and the valleys of the Rivers Trent and Tame
to the east. It is underlain by red sandstone, deposited during the
arid desert conditions of the
underlies the north and north-eastern edges of the city towards
Elmhurst and Curborough. The red sandstone underlying the majority of
Lichfield is present in many of its ancient buildings, including
Lichfield Cathedral and the Church of St Chad.
The ground within the city slopes down from 116m in the north-west to
86m on the sandstone shelf where
Lichfield Cathedral stands. To the
south and east of the city centre is a ridge which reaches 103 m at St
Michael on Greenhill. Boley Park lies on top of a ridge with its
highest point on Borrowcop Hill at 113m. To the south-east the level
drops to 69 m where Tamworth Road crosses the city boundary into
Freeford. There is another high ridge south-west of the city where
there are two high points, one at Berry Hill Farm at 123 m and the
other on Harehurst Hill near the city boundary at Aldershawe where the
level reaches 134 m.
The city is built on the two sides of a shallow valley, into which
flow two streams from the west, the Trunkfield Brook and the
Leamonsley Brook, and out of which the Curborough Brook runs to the
north-east, eventually flowing into the River Trent. The two streams
have been dammed south of the cathedral on Dam Street to form Minster
Pool and near St Chad's Road to form Stowe Pool.
Panorama of the city, taken from
Lichfield Cathedral central spire
Panorama from Harehurst Hill 1.5 mi (2.4 km) south west of
the cathedral, showing Lichfield's distinctive 5 spires
At the time of the 2011 census, the population of the City of
Lichfield was 32,219.
Lichfield is 96.5% white and 66.5% Christian.
51% of the population over 16 were married. 64% were employed and 21%
of the people were retired. All of these figures were higher than the
Population growth of the City of
Lichfield since 1685
The Tudor Café in Bore Street was built in 1510
Lichfield's wealth grew along with its importance as an ecclesiastical
centre. The original settlement prospered as the place where pilgrims
gathered to worship at the shrine of St Chad: this practice continued
until the Reformation, when the shrine was destroyed.
In the Middle Ages, the main industry in
Lichfield was making woollen
cloth; there was also a leather industry. Much of the surrounding area
was open pasture, and there were many surrounding farms.
In the 18th century,
Lichfield became a busy coaching centre. Inns and
hostelries grew up to provide accommodation, and industries dependent
on the coaching trade such as coach builders, corn and hay merchants,
saddlers and tanneries began to thrive. The main source of wealth to
the city came from the money generated by its many visitors. The
invention of the railways saw a decline in coach travel, and with it
came the decline in Lichfield's prosperity.
By the end of the 19th century, brewing was the principal industry,
and in the neighbourhood were large market gardens which provided food
for the growing populations of nearby
Birmingham and the Black
Today there are a number of light industrial areas, predominantly in
the east of the city, not dominated by any one particular industry.
The district is famous for two local manufacturers:
makers of baths/bidets and showers, and
Arthur Price of England,
master cutlers and silversmiths. Many residents commute to Birmingham.
Lichfield City Council has predicted that, once completed, the new
Friarsgate retail and leisure development could attract 11,000 more
visitors to the city every month, generating annual sales of around
£61 million and creating hundreds of jobs in the city.
The city is home to Central
England Co-operative (and its predecessor
Midlands Co-operative Society), the second largest independent
consumer co-operative in the UK.
Culture and community
Lichfield Garrick Theatre
Lichfield Garrick Theatre was built in 2003
Lichfield Greenhill Bower takes place annually on Spring Bank
Holiday. Originating from a celebration that was held after the Court
of Arraye in the 12th century, the festival has evolved into its
modern form, but has kept many of its ancient traditions. After a
recreation of the
Court of Arraye at the Guildhall, a procession of
marching bands, morris men and carnival floats makes its way through
the city and the Bower Queen is crowned outside the Guildhall. There
is a funfair in the city centre, and another fair and jamboree in
Lichfield Festival, an international arts festival, has taken
place every July for 30 years. The festival is a celebration of
classical music, dance, drama, film, jazz, literature, poetry, visual
arts and world music. Events take place at many venues around the city
but centre on
Lichfield Cathedral and the Garrick Theatre. Popular
events include the medieval market in the Cathedral Close and the
fireworks display which closes the festival.
Lichfield Mysteries, the biggest community theatre
event in the country, takes place at the Cathedral and in the Market
Place. It consists of a cycle of 24 medieval-style plays involving
over 600 amateur actors. Other weekend summer festivals include
Lichfield Folk Festival and The
Lichfield Real Ale, Jazz and
Lichfield Heritage Weekend, incorporating Dr Johnson’s Birthday
Celebrations, takes place on the third weekend in September with a
variety of civic events including live music and free historical tours
of local landmarks.
Beacon Park, in the city centre, hosts a wide range of community
There are many parks, gardens and open spaces in the city. The city
centre park is Beacon Park, which hosts a range of community events
and activities throughout the year. Also in the city centre are two
Minster Pool and Stowe Pool. The Garden of Remembrance, a
memorial garden laid out in 1920 after World War I, is located on Bird
Street. Many other parks are located on the outskirts of the city:
these include Brownsfield Park, Darnford Park, Shortbutts Park,
Stychbrook Park, Saddlers Wood and
There are two public sports and leisure facilities in the city. Friary
Grange Leisure Centre in the north-west of the city offers racket
sports, a swimming pool, and sports hall and fitness gym. King Edward
VI Leisure Centre in the south of the city offers racket sports, a
sports hall and an artificial turf pitch.
Lichfield Library and Record Office is located on the corner of St
John Street and The Friary. The building also includes an adult
education centre and a small art gallery. The library has occupied
this building since 1989, when it moved from the
Library and Museum on Bird Street.
The city is served by the
Samuel Johnson Community Hospital located on
Trent Valley Road. This hospital replaced the now-demolished Victoria
Hospital in 2006.
Places of interest
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs built in 1495 as an
The entrance to Cathedral Close at night, with
Lichfield Cathedral in
Lichfield Cathedral - The only medieval cathedral in Europe with three
spires. The present building was started in 1195, and completed by the
building of the Lady Chapel in the 1330s. It replaced a Norman
building begun in 1085 which had replaced one, or possibly two, Saxon
buildings from the seventh century.
Cathedral Close - Surrounding the Cathedral, the close contains many
buildings of architectural interest.
Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum
Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum - A museum to Samuel Johnson's life,
work and personality.
Erasmus Darwin House - Home to Erasmus Darwin, the house was restored
to create a museum which opened to the public in 1999.
Lichfield Museum - in St Mary's Church in the market square, an
exhibition of 2,000 years of Lichfield's history.
The Guildhall - an historic building in the centre of Lichfield,
located in Bore Street, it has been central to the government of the
City for over 600 years.
Bishop's Palace - Built in 1687, the palace was the residence of the
Bishop of Lichfield
Bishop of Lichfield until 1954; it is now used by the Cathedral
Dr Milley's Hospital
Dr Milley's Hospital - Located on Beacon Street, it dates back to 1504
and was a women's hospital.
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs - A distinctive Tudor
building with a row of eight brick chimneys. This was built outside
the city walls (barrs) to provide accommodation for travellers
arriving after the city gates were closed. It now provides homes for
elderly people and has an adjacent Chapel.
Church of St Chad - A 12th-century church, though extensively
restored; near the church is a reconstruction of 'St Chad's Well',
where the 7th-century churchman St Chad St Chad is said to have prayed
and baptised people.
St Michael on Greenhill
St Michael on Greenhill - Overlooking the city, the ancient churchyard
is one of the largest in the country at 9 acres (4 ha).
Christ Church - An outstanding example of Victorian ecclesiastical
architecture and a grade II* listed building.
The Market Square - In the centre of the city, the square contains two
statues, one of
Samuel Johnson overlooking the house in which he was
born, and one of his great friend and biographer, James Boswell.
Beacon Park - An 81-acre (33 ha) public park in the centre of the
city, used for many sporting and recreational activities.
Minster Pool &
Stowe Pool - The two lakes occupying 16 acres in
the heart of Lichfield:
Stowe Pool is designated a SSSI site as it is
home to native White-Clawed Crayfish. By
Stowe Pool stands Johnson's
Willow, a descendant of the original enormous tree which was much
admired and visited by Samuel Johnson.
The Franciscan Friary - The ruins of the former Friary in Lichfield,
now classed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
Lichfield Clock Tower
Lichfield Clock Tower - A Grade II listed 19th century clock tower,
located south of Festival Gardens.
Letocetum - The remains of a Roman staging post and bath house, in the
village of Wall, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the city.
Staffordshire Regiment Museum - 2.5 miles (4 km) east of the city
in Whittington, the museum covers the regiment's history, activities
and members, and includes photographs, uniforms, weapons, medals,
artefacts, memorabilia and regimental regalia. Outdoors is a replica
trench from World War I, and several armoured fighting vehicles.
National Memorial Arboretum
National Memorial Arboretum - 4 miles (6 km) north east of the
city in Alrewas, the Arboretum is a national site of remembrance and
contains many memorials to the armed services.
Lichfield City station is one of the two railway stations in Lichfield
The first section of
Lichfield Canal to be re-watered on Tamworth Road
Lichfield is served by two railway stations,
Lichfield City and
Lichfield Trent Valley, both built by the
London and North Western
Railway. These stations are now on the
Cross-City Line to Redditch via
Birmingham. Additionally, Trent Valley station is on the West Coast
Main Line with semi-fast services between
London Euston - Stoke,
Stafford and Crewe. Despite being north of Birmingham, trains to
London Euston can take as little as 1 hour 9 minutes.
is located in the city centre and
Lichfield Trent Valley is located
0.85 mi (1.37 km) or 20 minutes walk north east of the city
Lichfield has regular bus services in and around the city. The bus
station is located on
Birmingham Road opposite
Lichfield City railway
station, although as part of the Friarsgate development plans have
been approved for it to be moved next to the railway station. Arriva
Midlands as well as some other operators run regular services to
Aldridge, Birmingham, Burntwood, Burton upon Trent, Nuneaton,
Staffordshire University, Sutton Coldfield, Stoke on Trent,
Uttoxeter and Walsall.
Lichfield is centrally located on the UK road network. Historically
the Roman roads of
Watling Street and Ryknild Street crossed 2 mi
(3.2 km) south of the city at Letocetum. Today following much of
the same routes are the A5 and A38. The A5 runs west towards
south east towards Tamworth. The A38 runs south to
north east to Derby. Running along the western perimeter of the city
is the A51 road, which runs north to
Chester and south-east to
Tamworth. The nearest motorway junction is Junction T5 of the M6 Toll,
located 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the city. Junction 9 of the
M42 and Junction 4A of the M6 are 12 mi (19 km) and
15 mi (24 km) south respectively.
Lichfield Canal was historically part of the Wyrley and Essington
Canal and ran south of the city from 1797 until it was abandoned in
1955. Starting in the 1990s a works programme started to restore the
canal along much of its original route and make it navigable by 2025.
As of 2011, none of the 7 mi (11 km) stretch of canal is
navigable. The nearest navigable canal to
Lichfield is the Coventry
Canal which runs through Streethay.
Two nearby airports serve Lichfield.
Birmingham Airport is 20 mi
(32 km) south and
East Midlands Airport
East Midlands Airport is 34 mi
(55 km) north east.
The main entrance to the
Lichfield Campus of
In addition to nine primary schools and one infant school, Lichfield
has three secondary schools:
The Friary School
King Edward VI School (formerly
Lichfield Grammar School)
Nether Stowe School, a comprehensive school with specialist
Computing college status
There are two independent schools:
Lichfield Cathedral School: A co-educational school for ages 3 to 18,
based in the Cathedral Close and Longdon.
Maple Hayes School: A DfES Approved
Special School for dyslexic
Lichfield campus of
Staffordshire University and South
Staffordshire College is located on the Friary. This campus facility
was opened in 1998 and offers further and higher education courses up
to and including master's degrees. A £3 million school of art, design
and media, housed in purpose-built accommodation, opened in 2006. This
facility received the highest possible grade of 'outstanding
provision' in the latest
Ofsted inspection report.
Religion and beliefs
Some 66.5% of the people in the
Lichfield parish area polled as part
of the 2011 Census described themselves as Christian.
held a religious importance since St Chad became the first Bishop of
Lichfield and built a monastery in 669 AD. After Chad's death in 672
AD he was buried in an
Anglo-Saxon church which later became part of
Anglicanism predominates, with three parishes as well as the
cathedral. St Michael’s and St Mary’s serve one parish and Christ
Church and St Chad's serve the other two.
Lichfield is within the
Diocese of Lichfield
Diocese of Lichfield and represented by Michael Ipgrave, the current
Bishop of Lichfield.
There are two Roman Catholic churches, Holy Cross and SS Peter &
Paul, which are part of the Archdiocese of Birmingham. The Church of
Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a meeting house on Purcell
Avenue on the north side of the city. In the city centre there is a
Methodist church and Wade Street Church, which is a United Reformed
and Baptist church. There is a Pentecostal Church under the name
Christian Centre in Nether Stowe and the Christadelphian Hall
on Station Road.
Jehovah's Witnesses have a Kingdom Hall on Lombard
There are five faith schools in the city, all of which are primary
schools. St Michael’s C of E School, Christ Church C of E School and
St Chad’s C of E (VC) School are all Church of
schools. St Joseph's RC School and SS Peter & Paul School are
Roman Catholic faith schools.
Humanists and atheists in
Lichfield are supported by the Lichfield,
Walsall & South
Staffordshire Humanists, affiliated to the
Birmingham Humanists who are in turn affiliated to Humanists UK.
Historically rugby was more popular in the city than football, largely
due to the fact that it was the main sport at
School. However, both sports have remained at amateur level. Lichfield
Rugby Union Football Club was founded in 1874. As of the 2011–12
season they play in the
Midlands 1 West
Midlands 1 West League, which is the 6th level
of the English
Rugby Union system. The team plays at Cooke Fields,
located south east of the city on Tamworth Road, behind the Horse and
Jockey public house.
Lichfield are an FA Chartered Standard community youth football
club and currently have teams playing in the
Lichfield & District
Recreational League at all levels from under 6 to under 18. AFC
Lichfield also boast a football academy offering FA coaching to boys
and girls aged 4–8 years.
Lichfield City F.C.
Lichfield City F.C. play in the Premier Division of the Midland
Football League after promotion in 2012. The 1st team play at
Brownsfield Park. LCFC are a FA Charter Community club with teams from
under 7s to adults.
Lichfield Diamonds LFC is at the forefront of girls' football in
Staffordshire, being the first all female club to achieve Charter
Standard Status. The team plays at the Collins Hill Sports Ground.
Lichfield Cricket Club currently play in the Third Division of the
Birmingham and District Premier League. They also play at the Collins
Hill Sports Ground.
Lichfield is served by four golf courses, including the local
authority 18-hole course at Beacon Park. The others are: Darnford
Moors Golf Club, a new facility in the south of the city which
provides a 9-hole pay and play facility, and the
Robert Rock Academy,
a driving range and coaching academy;
Lichfield Country Club,
based in Elmhurst, which boasts an 18-hole par 72 championship course
and the Midlands' first American-specification 9 hole par 3 course;
and Whittington Heath Golf Club, an 18-hole par 70 course south-east
of the city, laid out on heathland and woodland.
Lichfield Archers were formed over 40 years ago and shoot at Christian
Fields, where they have 20-yard indoor and 100-yard outdoor ranges.
Lichfield Hockey Club located on Collins Hill Sports Ground on Eastern
Avenue is a highly successful club for both men and women, and has a
large junior section. The women's section boasts six Saturday teams
competing at varying levels and the men's side has over ten teams. On
the 21st March 2015 the men's section won the league with a 3-2 win
over Barton, meaning they were promoted to national league for the
forthcoming season of 2015/16.
Erasmus Darwin (1792
Siobhan Dillon 2010
Ceatta of Lichfield, an obscure 11th century Anglo Saxon saint of the
Edward Wightman (?1566–1612), last person in
England to be burnt
at the stake for heresy, in the Market Place of Lichfield
Edmund Gennings (1567–1591), Jesuit priest and martyr
Thomas Minors (1609–1677) merchant, politician, MP between 1654
and 1660 and commissioner for scandalous ministers
Biddulph (1610–1666) elected MP for
Lichfield in 1660 in
the Convention Parliament
Elias Ashmole (1617–1692), antiquary, politician, astrologer and
alchemist. founder of Ashmolean Museum
Edward Wetenhall (1636–1713) English bishop of the Church of
Gregory King (1648–1712) genealogist, engraver and statistician
John Floyer (1649 in Hints – 1734), physician and author
Richard Dyott (1667–1719) elected MP for
re-elected 1698/1708, elected again 1710/1715
Gilbert Walmisley (1680–1751) barrister, friend of Samuel
Johnson, buried in a vault near the south side of
Theophilus Levett (1693–1746) attorney, town clerk of Lichfield,
politician and landowner,
John Wyatt (1700–1766) inventor, particularly of a spinning machine
Thomas Newton (1704–1782) cleric, biblical scholar, author and
Bishop of Bristol from 1761 to 1782.
Richard Greene (1716–1793) antiquary and collector of
David Garrick (1717–1779), actor, playwright, producer and
Erasmus Darwin (1731–1802), scientist, inventor and
grandfather of Charles Darwin
Richard Lovell Edgeworth
Richard Lovell Edgeworth (1744–1817), politician, writer,
inventor, lived at Stowe House
Theophilus Houlbrooke (1745–1824), minister and amateur botanist,
President of the
Liverpool Athenaeum from 1809 to 1813
Richard Vyse (1746–1825) general and MP for Beverley in
Joseph Potter (1756–1842) architect and builder, considerable
Staffordshire and neighbouring counties
Henry Salt (1780–1827), antiquarian; gave large Egyptian
collection to the British Museum
Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone
(1781–1866) a Royal Navy officer
John Hewitt (1807–1878) antiquarian
James Fowler (1828–1892), aka "Fowler of Louth", a Victorian
Walter Noel Hartley (1845–1913), chemist and pioneer of
Michael Swinfen-Broun JP (1858-1948) soldier,
High Sheriff and Deputy Lieutenant of Staffordshire
Alasdair Steele-Bodger CBE, FRCVS (1924–2008), veterinary surgeon
Denis Alva Parsons
Denis Alva Parsons MBE, ARBS (1934–2012), sculptor
Louis Lillywhite CB, MBE, QHS (born 1948) retired
British Army physician, Surgeon-General 2006/2009
Phil Ford (born 1950), television writer
Richard Allinson (born 1958), broadcaster, early morning weekend show
on BBC Radio 2
Helen Baxendale (born 1970), actress
Sian Brooke (born 1980), actress
Siobhan Dillon (born 1984), singer and actress
Authors and Writers
Joseph Addison (1672–1719), essayist, poet, playwright, and
Samuel Johnson (1709–1784), often referred to as Dr.
Johnson, writer who made lasting contributions to English
literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer,
editor and lexicographer.
Anna Seward (1742–1809), romantic poet, memorialist and letter
Thomas Day (1748–1789), author and abolitionist, lived for a
time at Stowe House
Richard Garnett (1835–1906), scholar, librarian, biographer and
Elaine Horseman (1925–1999), author
Michael Laskey (born 1944), poet and editor
Charles Lambert (born 1953) novelist and short-story writer
David Charles Manners
David Charles Manners (born 1965), theatre designer, author and
Adrian Poynton (born 1979), screenwriter, playwright and stand-up
Frederic King (1853–1933), baritone
John Hinch (born 1947) drummer, original drummer of Judas Priest
Mark Thwaite (born 1965), guitarist with rock bands The Mission,
Tricky, & Peter Murphy
Julian Argüelles (born 1966), jazz saxophonist
Richie Edwards (born 1974), bassist with rock bands the Darkness and
Bryn Fowler (born 1982), musician, bassist and backing vocalist in the
band the Holloways
Rob Taylor (Born 1983), Musician and local legend, performing with
Listen To Johnny among others
Tommy Skelton (1856–1900), jockey, rode the winner of the Grand
National 1886, Old Joe
Roly Harper (1881–1949), professional footballer, born in Lichfield
Noel George (1897–1929), goalkeeper for Wolves, died of a
disease of the gums
Roger Pearman (1943–2009), cricketer and cricket administrator
Tom Leadbitter (1945–1995), scrambles, motorcycle speedway and
Ian Wright (born 1972) former footballer, 347 pro appearances
Stuart Ryder (born 1973), former
Walsall F.C. and
Adam Wilcox (born 1976), racing driver
Robert Rock (born 1977), professional golfer on the PGA European Tour,
formerly a coach at Swingers Golf Centre
Gary Mason (born 1979), motorcycle racer in the British Superbike
James Austin (born 1983) judoka, competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics
in the -100 kg event
The City of
Lichfield is twinned with Limburg an der Lahn, Germany and
Is the only city in the UK spelled only with letters from the first
half of the alphabet.[better source needed]
The Beaux' Stratagem
The Beaux' Stratagem by George Farquhar, play set in
Lichfield in 1707
Bishops of Lichfield
Earl of Lichfield
Lichfield Cricket Club
Rugby Union Football Club
Lichfield City Council - Statistics". Archived from the original on
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lichfield.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lichfield.
Lichfield City Council
Lichfield District Council
Lichfield - Travel and Tourism body
"Lichfield". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
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Lichfield Gazette—local news magazine
Places adjacent to Lichfield
Longdon, Armitage, Mavesyn Ridware, RUGELEY, STAFFORD
Elmhurst, Curborough, Kings Bromley, Abbots Bromley, Uttoxeter,
Streethay, Fradley, Alrewas, Croxall, Edingale, BURTON UPON TRENT,
Cannock Wood, Burntwood, Chasetown, CANNOCK
Whittington, Fisherwick, Elford, Thorpe Constantine, Appleby Magna,
Walsall Wood, Bloxwich, WALSALL, WOLVERHAMPTON
Wall, Shenstone, Sutton Coldfield, BIRMINGHAM, Solihull
Swinfen & Packington, Weeford, Hopwas, Hints, TAMWORTH, COVENTRY
City of Lichfield, England
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
Lichfield Clock Tower
Church of St Chad
St Mary's Church
St Michael on Greenhill
Lichfield Trent Valley
The Friary School
King Edward VI School
Lichfield Cathedral School
Nether Stowe School
Erasmus Darwin House
Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum
Parks and open spaces
Lichfield District Council
Armitage with Handsacre
Curborough and Elmhurst
Farewell and Chorley
Swinfen and Packington
Wigginton and Hopwas
Ceremonial county of Staffordshire
Boroughs or districts
Burton upon Trent
See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire
Birmingham & Fazeley
Staffs & Worcestershire
Trent & Mersey
Wyrley & Essington
Grade I buildings
Grade II* buildings
Cities of the United Kingdom
Brighton and Hove
Kingston upon Hull
Newcastle upon Tyne