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Lichfield
Lichfield
/ˈlɪtʃfiːld/ is a cathedral city and civil parish[3] in Staffordshire, England. One of eight civil parishes with city status in England, Lichfield
Lichfield
is situated roughly 16 mi (26 km) north of Birmingham. At the time of the 2011 Census the population was estimated at 32,219 and the wider Lichfield District
Lichfield District
at 100,700.[4] Notable for its three-spired medieval cathedral, Lichfield
Lichfield
was the birthplace of Samuel Johnson, the writer of the first authoritative Dictionary of the English Language. The city's recorded history began when Chad of Mercia
Chad of Mercia
arrived to establish his Bishopric in 669 AD and the settlement grew as the ecclesiastical centre of Mercia. In 2009, the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Hoard, the largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
gold and silver metalwork, was found 5.9 km (3.7 mi) south-west of Lichfield. The development of the city was consolidated in the 12th century under Roger de Clinton, who fortified the Cathedral Close and also laid out the town with the ladder-shaped street pattern that survives to this day. Lichfield's heyday was in the 18th century, when it developed into a thriving coaching city. This was a period of great intellectual activity, the city being the home of many famous people including Samuel Johnson, David Garrick, Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
and Anna Seward, and prompted Johnson's remark that Lichfield
Lichfield
was "a city of philosophers". Today, the city still retains its old importance as an ecclesiastical centre, and its industrial and commercial development has been limited. The centre of the city has over 230 listed buildings (including many examples of Georgian architecture), and preserves much of its historic character.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Prehistory and antiquity 2.2 Middle Ages 2.3 Early Modern 2.4 Late Modern and contemporary

3 Governance

3.1 Local government 3.2 Members of Parliament

4 Geography

4.1 Suburbs

5 Demography 6 Economy 7 Culture and community

7.1 Culture 7.2 Community facilities

8 Places of interest 9 Transport 10 Education 11 Religion and beliefs 12 Sport 13 Notable Lichfeldians

13.1 16th c. 13.2 17th c. 13.3 18th c. 13.4 19th c. 13.5 20th c. 13.6 Authors and Writers 13.7 Music 13.8 Sport

14 Twinnings 15 Trivia 16 See also 17 References 18 External links

Etymology[edit] The origin of the modern name "Lichfield" is twofold. At Wall, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the current city, there was a Romano-British village, Letocetum, a Common Brittonic
Common Brittonic
place name meaning "Greywood", "grey" perhaps referring to varieties of tree prominent in the landscape such as ash and elm.[5][6] This passed into Old English
Old English
as Lyccid,[7] cf. Old Welsh: Luitcoyt,[8] to which was appended Old English: feld "open country". This word Lyccidfeld is the origin of the word "Lichfield".[7] Popular etymology has it that a thousand Christians were martyred in Lichfield
Lichfield
around AD 300 during the reign of Diocletian
Diocletian
and that the name Lichfield
Lichfield
actually means "field of the dead" (see lich). There is no evidence to support this legend.[9] History[edit] Prehistory and antiquity[edit] Main article: Letocetum The earliest evidence of settlement is Mesolithic
Mesolithic
flints discovered on the high ground of the cemetery at St Michael on Greenhill, which may indicate an early flint industry. Traces of Neolithic
Neolithic
settlement have been discovered on the south side of the sandstone ridge occupied by Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral.[10] 2.2 mi (3.5 km) south-west of Lichfield, near the point where Icknield Street
Icknield Street
crosses Watling Street
Watling Street
was the site of Letocetum (the Brittonic *Lētocaiton, "Greywood"). Established in AD 50 as a Roman military fortress, it had become a civilian settlement (vicus) with a bath house and a mansio by the 2nd century.[10] Letocetum
Letocetum
fell into decline by the 4th century and the Romans had left by the 5th century. There have been scattered Romano-British finds in Lichfield and it is possible that a burial discovered beneath the cathedral in 1751 was Romano-British.[10] There is no evidence of what happened to Letocetum
Letocetum
after the Romans left; however Lichfield
Lichfield
may have emerged as the inhabitants of Letocetum
Letocetum
relocated during its decline. A Cair Luit Coyd ("Fort Greywood") was listed by Nennius among the 28 cities of Britain in his Historia Brittonum,[11] although these were largely historic remembrances of early Sub-Roman Britain. Middle Ages[edit]

The three-spired Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
was built between 1195 and 1249.

The early history of Lichfield
Lichfield
is obscure. The first authentic record of Lichfield
Lichfield
occurs in Bede's history, where it is called Licidfelth and mentioned as the place where St Chad fixed the episcopal see of the Mercians in 669. The first Christian
Christian
king of Mercia, Wulfhere, donated land at Lichfield
Lichfield
for St Chad to build a monastery. It was because of this that the ecclesiastical centre of Mercia
Mercia
became settled as the Diocese of Lichfield, which was approximately 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the seat of the Mercian kings at Tamworth. In July 2009, the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Hoard, the largest collection of Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
gold ever found, was discovered in a field in the parish of Hammerwich, 4 mi (6.4 km) south-west of Lichfield; it was probably deposited in the 7th century. The first cathedral was built on the present site in 700 when Bishop Hædde built a new church to house the bones of St Chad, which had become the centre of a sacred shrine to many pilgrims when he died in 672. The burial in the cathedral of the kings of Mercia, Wulfhere in 674 and Ceolred in 716, further increased the city's prestige.[12] In 786 King Offa made the city an archbishopric with authority over all the bishops from the Humber
Humber
to the River Thames; his appointee was Archbishop Hygeberht. After King Offa's death in 796, Lichfield's power waned; in 803 the primacy was restored to Canterbury by Pope Leo III after only 16 years. The Historia Brittonum lists the city as one of the 28 cities of Britain around AD 833. During the 9th century, Mercia
Mercia
was devastated by Danish Vikings. Lichfield
Lichfield
itself was unwalled and the cathedral was despoiled, so Bishop Peter moved the see to the fortified and wealthier Chester
Chester
in 1075. At the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
survey (1086), Lichfield
Lichfield
was held by the bishop of Chester; Lichfield
Lichfield
was listed as a small village. The lord of the manor was the Bishop of Chester
Chester
until the reign of Edward VI.

The Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Hoard was discovered in a field near Lichfield

In 1102 Bishop Peter's successor, Robert de Limesey, transferred the see from Chester
Chester
to Coventry. The Bishop of Coventry
Coventry
and Lichfield
Lichfield
had seats in both locations; work on the present Gothic cathedral at Lichfield
Lichfield
began in 1195. (In 1837 the see of Lichfield
Lichfield
acquired independent status, and the style 'Bishop of Lichfield' was adopted.) Bishop Roger de Clinton was responsible for transforming the scattered settlements to the south of Minster Pool
Minster Pool
into the ladder-plan streets existing today. Market Street, Wade Street, Bore Street and Frog Lane linked Dam Street, Conduit Street and Bakers Lane on one side with Bird Street and St John Street on the other. Bishop de Clinton also fortified the cathedral close and enclosed the town with a bank and ditch, and gates were set up where roads into the town crossed the ditch.[12] In 1291 Lichfield
Lichfield
was severely damaged by a fire which destroyed most of the town; however the Cathedral and Close survived unscathed.[13] In 1387 Richard II gave a charter for the foundation of the guild of St Mary and St John the Baptist; this guild functioned as the local government, until its dissolution by Edward VI, who incorporated the town in 1548. Early Modern[edit]

Map of Lichfield
Lichfield
in 1781

The policies of Henry VIII had a dramatic effect on Lichfield. The Reformation brought the disappearance of pilgrim traffic following the destruction of St Chad's shrine in 1538, which was a major loss to the city's economic prosperity. That year too the Franciscan Friary was dissolved, the site becoming a private estate. Further economic decline followed the outbreak of plague in 1593, which resulted in the death of over a third of the entire population.[14] Three people were burned at the stake for heresy under Mary I. The last public burning at the stake in England
England
took place in Lichfield, when Edward Wightman from Burton upon Trent
Burton upon Trent
was executed by burning in the Market Place on 11 April 1612 for promoting himself as the divine Paraclete
Paraclete
and Saviour of the world.[15][16]

Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
was born in Breadmarket Street in 1709

Statue of Dr. Johnson
Dr. Johnson
in Lichfield's Market Square "The Doctor's statue, which is of some inexpensive composite painted a shiny brown, and of no great merit of design, fills out the vacant dulness of the little square in much the same way as his massive personality occupies—with just a margin for Garrick—the record of his native town."—Henry James, Lichfield
Lichfield
and Warwick, 1872

Photograph by Richard Cockle Lucas
Richard Cockle Lucas
(sculptor) of Johnson statue taken in 1859

In the English Civil War, Lichfield
Lichfield
was divided. The cathedral authorities, supported by some of the townsfolk, were for the king, but the townsfolk generally sided with the Parliament. This led to the fortification of the close in 1643. Lichfield's position as a focus of supply routes had an important strategic significance during the war, and both forces were anxious for control of the city. The Parliamentary commander Lord Brooke led an assault on the fortified close, but was killed by a deflected bullet on St Chad's day in 1643, an accident welcomed as a miracle by the Royalists. The close subsequently yielded to the Parliamentarians, but was retaken by Prince Rupert of the Rhine
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
in the same year; on the collapse of the Royalist cause in 1646 it again surrendered. The cathedral suffered extensive damage from the war, including the complete destruction of the central spire. It was restored at the Restoration under the supervision of Bishop Hacket, and thanks in part to the generosity of King Charles II. Lichfield
Lichfield
started to develop a lively coaching trade as a stop-off on the busy route between London
London
and Chester
Chester
from the 1650s onwards, making it Staffordshire's most prosperous town. In the 18th century, and then reaching its peak in the period from 1800—1840, the city thrived as a busy coaching city on the main routes from London
London
to the north-west and Birmingham
Birmingham
to the north-east. It also became a centre of great intellectual activity, being the home of many famous people including Samuel Johnson, David Garrick, Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
and Anna Seward; this prompted Johnson's remark that Lichfield
Lichfield
was "a city of philosophers". In the 1720s Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
described Lichfield
Lichfield
as 'a fine, neat, well-built, and indifferent large city', the principal town in the region after Chester.[17] During the late 18th and early 19th century much of the medieval city was rebuilt with the red-brick Georgian style buildings still to be seen today. Also during this time, the city's infrastructure underwent great improvements, with underground sewerage systems, paved streets and gas-powered street lighting.[18] An infantry regiment of the British Army
British Army
was formed at Lichfield
Lichfield
in 1705 by Col. Luke Lillingstone
Luke Lillingstone
in the King's Head tavern in Bird Street. In 1751 it became the 38th Regiment of Foot, and in 1783 the 1st Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Regiment; after reorganisation in 1881 it became the 1st battalion of the South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Regiment.[17] Late Modern and contemporary[edit] The arrival of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
and the railways in 1837 signalled the end of Lichfield's position as an important staging post for coaching traffic. While nearby Birmingham
Birmingham
(and its population) expanded greatly during the Industrial Revolution, Lichfield
Lichfield
remained largely unchanged in character. The first council houses were built in the Dimbles area of the city in the 1930s. The outbreak of World War II
World War II
brought over 2,000 evacuees from industrialised areas. However, due to the lack of heavy industry in the city, Lichfield
Lichfield
escaped lightly, although there were air raids in 1940 and 1941 and three Lichfeldians were killed. Just outside the city, Wellington Bombers flew out of Fradley Aerodrome, which was known as RAF Lichfield. After the war the council built many new houses in the 1960s, including some high-rise flats, while the late 1970s and early 1980s saw the construction of a large housing estate at Boley Park in the south-east of the city. The city's population tripled between 1951 and the late 1980s. The city has continued expanding to the west. The Darwin Park housing estate has been under development for a number of years and has swelled the city's population by approximately 3,000. Plans have been approved for Friarsgate, a new £100 million shopping and leisure complex opposite Lichfield
Lichfield
City Station. The police station, bus station, Ford garage and multi-storey car park will be demolished to make way for 22,000 m2 of retail space and 2,000 m2 of leisure facilities, consisting of a flagship department store, six-screen cinema, hotel, 37 individual shops and 56 flats.[19] Governance[edit] Local government[edit] Historically the Bishop of Lichfield
Bishop of Lichfield
had authority over the city. It was not until 1548, with Edward VI's charter, that Lichfield
Lichfield
had any form of secular government. As a reward for the support given to Mary I by the bailiffs and citizens during the Duke of Northumberland's attempt to prevent her accession, the Queen issued a new charter in 1553, confirming the 1548 charter and in addition granting the city its own Sheriff. The same charter made Lichfield
Lichfield
a county separate from the rest of Staffordshire. It remained so until 1888. The City Council (not to be confused with Lichfield District
Lichfield District
Council, which has authority over a wider area than Lichfield
Lichfield
city) has 28 members (from the 7 wards of Boley Park, Chadsmead, Curborough, Leamonsley, St John's, Pentire Road and Stowe), who are elected every four years. After the 2015 parish council elections, the Conservatives remained in overall control, with the 28 seats being divided between the Conservatives (26), Labour (1) and the Liberal Democrats (1). The Right Worshipful the Mayor
Mayor
of Lichfield
Lichfield
(currently Councillor Mrs Janice Greaves[20]) is the civic head of the Council[21] and chairs Council meetings. The Council also appoints a Leader of Council to be the main person responsible for leadership of the Council's political and policy matters. The Council's current Leader is Councillor Bernard Cocksey. Lichfield
Lichfield
is one of only 15 towns and cities in England
England
and Wales
Wales
which appoints a Sheriff.[22] Members of Parliament[edit] The Lichfield
Lichfield
constituency sent two members to the parliament of 1304 and to a few succeeding parliaments, but the representation did not become regular until 1552; in 1867 it lost one member, and in 1885 its representation was merged into that of the county.[17] The Lichfield constituency was abolished in 1950 and replaced with the Lichfield
Lichfield
and Tamworth constituency. This constituency lasted until 1983, when it was replaced with the Mid Staffordshire
Staffordshire
constituency. Based on the resident's location in Lichfield, there are technically two MPs. The current Member of Parliament for Lichfield
Lichfield
centre is the Conservative Michael Fabricant, who has been MP for Lichfield
Lichfield
since 1997. Fabricant was first elected for the Mid Staffordshire constituency in 1992, regaining the seat for the Conservatives following Sylvia Heal's victory for Labour at the 1990 by-election. Fabricant took the seat with a majority of 6,236 and has remained a Member of Parliament since. The Mid Staffordshire
Staffordshire
seat was abolished at the 1997 general election, but Fabricant contested and won the Lichfield
Lichfield
constituency, which partially replaced it, by just 238 votes. He has remained the Lichfield
Lichfield
MP since, increasing his majority to 4,426 in 2001, 7,080 in 2005, 17,683 in 2010 and 18,189 in 2015. Christopher Pincher is current Member of Parliament for Tamworth and areas of Lichfield
Lichfield
(see http://www.christopherpincher.com/in-your-area/map) and was elected as the Conservative Member in May 2010, and was re-elected in May 2015 with a majority of 11,302. Geography[edit] Lichfield
Lichfield
covers an area of approximately 5.41 sq mi (14.0 km2) in the south-east of the county of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
in the West Midlands region of England. It is approximately 25 km (16 mi) north of Birmingham
Birmingham
and 200 km (120 mi) north-west of London. The city is located between the high ground of Cannock Chase
Cannock Chase
to the west and the valleys of the Rivers Trent and Tame to the east. It is underlain by red sandstone, deposited during the arid desert conditions of the Triassic
Triassic
period. Mercia
Mercia
Mudstone underlies the north and north-eastern edges of the city towards Elmhurst and Curborough. The red sandstone underlying the majority of Lichfield
Lichfield
is present in many of its ancient buildings, including Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
and the Church of St Chad.[23] The ground within the city slopes down from 116m in the north-west to 86m on the sandstone shelf where Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
stands. To the south and east of the city centre is a ridge which reaches 103 m at St Michael on Greenhill. Boley Park lies on top of a ridge with its highest point on Borrowcop Hill at 113m. To the south-east the level drops to 69 m where Tamworth Road crosses the city boundary into Freeford. There is another high ridge south-west of the city where there are two high points, one at Berry Hill Farm at 123 m and the other on Harehurst Hill near the city boundary at Aldershawe where the level reaches 134 m.[24] The city is built on the two sides of a shallow valley, into which flow two streams from the west, the Trunkfield Brook and the Leamonsley Brook, and out of which the Curborough Brook runs to the north-east, eventually flowing into the River Trent. The two streams have been dammed south of the cathedral on Dam Street to form Minster Pool and near St Chad's Road to form Stowe Pool.

Panorama of the city, taken from Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
central spire

Panorama from Harehurst Hill 1.5 mi (2.4 km) south west of the cathedral, showing Lichfield's distinctive 5 spires

Suburbs[edit]

Boley Park Chadsmead Christ Church Darwin Park The Dimbles Leomansley Nether Stowe Sandfields Stowe Streethay Trent Valley

Demography[edit] At the time of the 2011 census, the population of the City of Lichfield
Lichfield
was 32,219. Lichfield
Lichfield
is 96.5% white and 66.5% Christian. 51% of the population over 16 were married. 64% were employed and 21% of the people were retired. All of these figures were higher than the national average.[25]

Population growth
Population growth
of the City of Lichfield
Lichfield
since 1685

Year 1685 1781 1801 1831 1901 1911 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011

Population 3,040 3,555 4,840 6,252 7,900 8,616 8,393 8,507 10,260 14,090 22,660 25,400 28,666 27,900 32,219

%± - 16.9% 36.1% 29.2% 26.4% 9.1% -2.6% 1.35% 19.1% 37.3% 60.8% 12.1% 12.9% -2.7% 15.5%

Economy[edit]

The Tudor Café in Bore Street was built in 1510

Lichfield's wealth grew along with its importance as an ecclesiastical centre. The original settlement prospered as the place where pilgrims gathered to worship at the shrine of St Chad: this practice continued until the Reformation, when the shrine was destroyed. In the Middle Ages, the main industry in Lichfield
Lichfield
was making woollen cloth; there was also a leather industry. Much of the surrounding area was open pasture, and there were many surrounding farms. In the 18th century, Lichfield
Lichfield
became a busy coaching centre. Inns and hostelries grew up to provide accommodation, and industries dependent on the coaching trade such as coach builders, corn and hay merchants, saddlers and tanneries began to thrive. The main source of wealth to the city came from the money generated by its many visitors. The invention of the railways saw a decline in coach travel, and with it came the decline in Lichfield's prosperity. By the end of the 19th century, brewing was the principal industry, and in the neighbourhood were large market gardens which provided food for the growing populations of nearby Birmingham
Birmingham
and the Black Country. Today there are a number of light industrial areas, predominantly in the east of the city, not dominated by any one particular industry. The district is famous for two local manufacturers: Armitage
Armitage
Shanks, makers of baths/bidets and showers, and Arthur Price of England, master cutlers and silversmiths. Many residents commute to Birmingham. Lichfield
Lichfield
City Council has predicted that, once completed, the new Friarsgate retail and leisure development could attract 11,000 more visitors to the city every month, generating annual sales of around £61 million and creating hundreds of jobs in the city.[26] The city is home to Central England
England
Co-operative (and its predecessor Midlands Co-operative Society), the second largest independent consumer co-operative in the UK. Culture and community[edit]

Lichfield Garrick Theatre
Lichfield Garrick Theatre
was built in 2003

Culture[edit] The Lichfield
Lichfield
Greenhill Bower takes place annually on Spring Bank Holiday. Originating from a celebration that was held after the Court of Arraye in the 12th century, the festival has evolved into its modern form, but has kept many of its ancient traditions.[27] After a recreation of the Court of Arraye at the Guildhall, a procession of marching bands, morris men and carnival floats makes its way through the city and the Bower Queen is crowned outside the Guildhall. There is a funfair in the city centre, and another fair and jamboree in Beacon Park.[27] The Lichfield
Lichfield
Festival, an international arts festival, has taken place every July for 30 years. The festival is a celebration of classical music, dance, drama, film, jazz, literature, poetry, visual arts and world music. Events take place at many venues around the city but centre on Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
and the Garrick Theatre. Popular events include the medieval market in the Cathedral Close and the fireworks display which closes the festival.[28] Triennially the Lichfield
Lichfield
Mysteries, the biggest community theatre event in the country, takes place at the Cathedral and in the Market Place. It consists of a cycle of 24 medieval-style plays involving over 600 amateur actors.[29] Other weekend summer festivals include the Lichfield
Lichfield
Folk Festival[30] and The Lichfield
Lichfield
Real Ale, Jazz and Blues Festival.[31] Lichfield
Lichfield
Heritage Weekend, incorporating Dr Johnson’s Birthday Celebrations, takes place on the third weekend in September with a variety of civic events including live music and free historical tours of local landmarks. Community facilities[edit]

Beacon Park, in the city centre, hosts a wide range of community events.

There are many parks, gardens and open spaces in the city. The city centre park is Beacon Park, which hosts a range of community events and activities throughout the year. Also in the city centre are two lakes, Minster Pool
Minster Pool
and Stowe Pool. The Garden of Remembrance, a memorial garden laid out in 1920 after World War I, is located on Bird Street. Many other parks are located on the outskirts of the city: these include Brownsfield Park, Darnford Park, Shortbutts Park, Stychbrook Park, Saddlers Wood and Christian
Christian
Fields.[32] There are two public sports and leisure facilities in the city. Friary Grange Leisure Centre in the north-west of the city offers racket sports, a swimming pool, and sports hall and fitness gym. King Edward VI Leisure Centre in the south of the city offers racket sports, a sports hall and an artificial turf pitch. Lichfield
Lichfield
Library and Record Office is located on the corner of St John Street and The Friary. The building also includes an adult education centre and a small art gallery. The library has occupied this building since 1989, when it moved from the Lichfield
Lichfield
Free Library and Museum on Bird Street. The city is served by the Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
Community Hospital located on Trent Valley Road. This hospital replaced the now-demolished Victoria Hospital in 2006. Places of interest[edit]

The Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
built in 1495 as an almshouse.

The entrance to Cathedral Close at night, with Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
in the background

Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
- The only medieval cathedral in Europe with three spires. The present building was started in 1195, and completed by the building of the Lady Chapel in the 1330s. It replaced a Norman building begun in 1085 which had replaced one, or possibly two, Saxon buildings from the seventh century. Cathedral Close - Surrounding the Cathedral, the close contains many buildings of architectural interest. Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum
Samuel Johnson Birthplace Museum
- A museum to Samuel Johnson's life, work and personality. Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
House - Home to Erasmus Darwin, the house was restored to create a museum which opened to the public in 1999. Lichfield Museum
Lichfield Museum
- in St Mary's Church in the market square, an exhibition of 2,000 years of Lichfield's history. The Guildhall - an historic building in the centre of Lichfield, located in Bore Street, it has been central to the government of the City for over 600 years. Bishop's Palace - Built in 1687, the palace was the residence of the Bishop of Lichfield
Bishop of Lichfield
until 1954; it is now used by the Cathedral School. Dr Milley's Hospital
Dr Milley's Hospital
- Located on Beacon Street, it dates back to 1504 and was a women's hospital. Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs
- A distinctive Tudor building with a row of eight brick chimneys. This was built outside the city walls (barrs) to provide accommodation for travellers arriving after the city gates were closed. It now provides homes for elderly people and has an adjacent Chapel. Church of St Chad - A 12th-century church, though extensively restored; near the church is a reconstruction of 'St Chad's Well', where the 7th-century churchman St Chad St Chad is said to have prayed and baptised people. St Michael on Greenhill
St Michael on Greenhill
- Overlooking the city, the ancient churchyard is one of the largest in the country at 9 acres (4 ha). Christ Church - An outstanding example of Victorian ecclesiastical architecture and a grade II* listed building. The Market Square - In the centre of the city, the square contains two statues, one of Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
overlooking the house in which he was born, and one of his great friend and biographer, James Boswell. Beacon Park
Beacon Park
- An 81-acre (33 ha) public park in the centre of the city, used for many sporting and recreational activities. Minster Pool
Minster Pool
& Stowe Pool
Stowe Pool
- The two lakes occupying 16 acres in the heart of Lichfield: Stowe Pool
Stowe Pool
is designated a SSSI site as it is home to native White-Clawed Crayfish. By Stowe Pool
Stowe Pool
stands Johnson's Willow, a descendant of the original enormous tree which was much admired and visited by Samuel Johnson. The Franciscan Friary - The ruins of the former Friary in Lichfield, now classed as a Scheduled Ancient Monument. Lichfield Clock Tower
Lichfield Clock Tower
- A Grade II listed 19th century clock tower, located south of Festival Gardens. Letocetum
Letocetum
- The remains of a Roman staging post and bath house, in the village of Wall, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south of the city. Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Regiment Museum - 2.5 miles (4 km) east of the city in Whittington, the museum covers the regiment's history, activities and members, and includes photographs, uniforms, weapons, medals, artefacts, memorabilia and regimental regalia. Outdoors is a replica trench from World War I, and several armoured fighting vehicles. National Memorial Arboretum
National Memorial Arboretum
- 4 miles (6 km) north east of the city in Alrewas, the Arboretum is a national site of remembrance and contains many memorials to the armed services.

Transport[edit]

Lichfield
Lichfield
City station is one of the two railway stations in Lichfield

The first section of Lichfield Canal
Lichfield Canal
to be re-watered on Tamworth Road

Lichfield
Lichfield
is served by two railway stations, Lichfield
Lichfield
City and Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley, both built by the London
London
and North Western Railway. These stations are now on the Cross-City Line to Redditch via Birmingham. Additionally, Trent Valley station is on the West Coast Main Line with semi-fast services between London
London
Euston - Stoke, Stafford
Stafford
and Crewe. Despite being north of Birmingham, trains to London
London
Euston can take as little as 1 hour 9 minutes. Lichfield
Lichfield
City is located in the city centre and Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley is located 0.85 mi (1.37 km) or 20 minutes walk north east of the city centre. Lichfield
Lichfield
has regular bus services in and around the city. The bus station is located on Birmingham
Birmingham
Road opposite Lichfield
Lichfield
City railway station, although as part of the Friarsgate development plans have been approved for it to be moved next to the railway station. Arriva Midlands as well as some other operators run regular services to Aldridge, Birmingham, Burntwood, Burton upon Trent, Nuneaton, Stafford, Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University, Sutton Coldfield, Stoke on Trent, Tamworth, Uttoxeter
Uttoxeter
and Walsall. Lichfield
Lichfield
is centrally located on the UK road network. Historically the Roman roads of Watling Street
Watling Street
and Ryknild Street crossed 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the city at Letocetum. Today following much of the same routes are the A5 and A38. The A5 runs west towards Wales
Wales
and south east towards Tamworth. The A38 runs south to Birmingham
Birmingham
and north east to Derby. Running along the western perimeter of the city is the A51 road, which runs north to Chester
Chester
and south-east to Tamworth. The nearest motorway junction is Junction T5 of the M6 Toll, located 2 mi (3.2 km) south of the city. Junction 9 of the M42 and Junction 4A of the M6 are 12 mi (19 km) and 15 mi (24 km) south respectively. Lichfield Canal
Lichfield Canal
was historically part of the Wyrley and Essington Canal and ran south of the city from 1797 until it was abandoned in 1955. Starting in the 1990s a works programme started to restore the canal along much of its original route and make it navigable by 2025. As of 2011, none of the 7 mi (11 km) stretch of canal is navigable. The nearest navigable canal to Lichfield
Lichfield
is the Coventry Canal which runs through Streethay. Two nearby airports serve Lichfield. Birmingham
Birmingham
Airport is 20 mi (32 km) south and East Midlands Airport
East Midlands Airport
is 34 mi (55 km) north east. Education[edit]

The main entrance to the Lichfield
Lichfield
Campus of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University

In addition to nine primary schools and one infant school, Lichfield has three secondary schools:

The Friary School King Edward VI School (formerly Lichfield
Lichfield
Grammar School) Nether Stowe School, a comprehensive school with specialist Maths
Maths
and Computing
Computing
college status

There are two independent schools:

Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
School: A co-educational school for ages 3 to 18, based in the Cathedral Close and Longdon. Maple Hayes School: A DfES Approved Special
Special
School for dyslexic children.

The Lichfield
Lichfield
campus of Staffordshire
Staffordshire
University and South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
College is located on the Friary. This campus facility was opened in 1998 and offers further and higher education courses up to and including master's degrees. A £3 million school of art, design and media, housed in purpose-built accommodation, opened in 2006. This facility received the highest possible grade of 'outstanding provision' in the latest Ofsted
Ofsted
inspection report.[33] Religion and beliefs[edit]

Religion Percentage of population

Buddhist 0.3%

Christian 66.5%

Hindu 0.3%

Jewish 0.1%

Muslim 0.6%

Sikh 0.1%

No religion 24.9%

No answer 6.8%

Some 66.5% of the people in the Lichfield
Lichfield
parish area polled as part of the 2011 Census described themselves as Christian.[2] Lichfield
Lichfield
has held a religious importance since St Chad became the first Bishop of Lichfield
Lichfield
and built a monastery in 669 AD. After Chad's death in 672 AD he was buried in an Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
church which later became part of Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral. Anglicanism
Anglicanism
predominates, with three parishes as well as the cathedral. St Michael’s and St Mary’s serve one parish and Christ Church and St Chad's serve the other two. Lichfield
Lichfield
is within the Diocese of Lichfield
Diocese of Lichfield
and represented by Michael Ipgrave, the current Bishop of Lichfield. There are two Roman Catholic churches, Holy Cross and SS Peter & Paul, which are part of the Archdiocese of Birmingham. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has a meeting house on Purcell Avenue on the north side of the city. In the city centre there is a Methodist church and Wade Street Church, which is a United Reformed and Baptist church. There is a Pentecostal Church under the name Emmanuel Christian
Christian
Centre in Nether Stowe and the Christadelphian Hall on Station Road. Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
have a Kingdom Hall on Lombard Street. There are five faith schools in the city, all of which are primary schools. St Michael’s C of E School, Christ Church C of E School and St Chad’s C of E (VC) School are all Church of England
England
faith schools. St Joseph's RC School and SS Peter & Paul School are Roman Catholic faith schools. Humanists and atheists in Lichfield
Lichfield
are supported by the Lichfield, Walsall
Walsall
& South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Humanists, affiliated to the Birmingham
Birmingham
Humanists who are in turn affiliated to Humanists UK. Sport[edit] Historically rugby was more popular in the city than football, largely due to the fact that it was the main sport at Lichfield
Lichfield
Grammar School. However, both sports have remained at amateur level. Lichfield Rugby Union
Rugby Union
Football Club was founded in 1874. As of the 2011–12 season they play in the Midlands 1 West
Midlands 1 West
League, which is the 6th level of the English Rugby Union
Rugby Union
system.[34] The team plays at Cooke Fields, located south east of the city on Tamworth Road, behind the Horse and Jockey public house. AFC Lichfield
Lichfield
are an FA Chartered Standard community youth football club and currently have teams playing in the Lichfield
Lichfield
& District Recreational League at all levels from under 6 to under 18. AFC Lichfield
Lichfield
also boast a football academy offering FA coaching to boys and girls aged 4–8 years. Lichfield City F.C.
Lichfield City F.C.
play in the Premier Division of the Midland Football League after promotion in 2012.[35] The 1st team play at Brownsfield Park. LCFC are a FA Charter Community club with teams from under 7s to adults. Lichfield
Lichfield
Diamonds LFC is at the forefront of girls' football in Staffordshire, being the first all female club to achieve Charter Standard Status. The team plays at the Collins Hill Sports Ground. Lichfield Cricket Club currently play in the Third Division of the Birmingham
Birmingham
and District Premier League. They also play at the Collins Hill Sports Ground. Lichfield
Lichfield
is served by four golf courses, including the local authority 18-hole course at Beacon Park. The others are: Darnford Moors Golf Club, a new facility in the south of the city which provides a 9-hole pay and play facility, and the Robert Rock
Robert Rock
Academy, a driving range and coaching academy;[36] Lichfield
Lichfield
Country Club, based in Elmhurst, which boasts an 18-hole par 72 championship course and the Midlands' first American-specification 9 hole par 3 course; and Whittington Heath Golf Club, an 18-hole par 70 course south-east of the city, laid out on heathland and woodland. Lichfield
Lichfield
Archers were formed over 40 years ago and shoot at Christian Fields, where they have 20-yard indoor and 100-yard outdoor ranges. Lichfield
Lichfield
Hockey Club located on Collins Hill Sports Ground on Eastern Avenue is a highly successful club for both men and women, and has a large junior section. The women's section boasts six Saturday teams competing at varying levels and the men's side has over ten teams. On the 21st March 2015 the men's section won the league with a 3-2 win over Barton, meaning they were promoted to national league for the forthcoming season of 2015/16. Notable Lichfeldians[edit]

Elias Ashmole

Edvardus Wetenhall

Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
(1792

Henry Salt

Siobhan Dillon
Siobhan Dillon
2010

Ceatta of Lichfield, an obscure 11th century Anglo Saxon saint of the Catholic Church.

16th c.[edit]

Edward Wightman (?1566–1612), last person[37] in England
England
to be burnt at the stake for heresy, in the Market Place of Lichfield Edmund Gennings
Edmund Gennings
(1567–1591), Jesuit priest[38] and martyr

17th c.[edit]

Thomas Minors (1609–1677) merchant, politician, MP[39] between 1654 and 1660 and commissioner for scandalous ministers Michael Biddulph
Biddulph
(1610–1666) elected MP[40] for Lichfield
Lichfield
in 1660 in the Convention Parliament Elias Ashmole
Elias Ashmole
(1617–1692), antiquary, politician,[41] astrologer and alchemist. founder of Ashmolean Museum Edward Wetenhall
Edward Wetenhall
(1636–1713) English bishop[42] of the Church of Ireland Gregory King (1648–1712) genealogist,[43] engraver and statistician John Floyer (1649 in Hints – 1734), physician[44] and author Richard Dyott (1667–1719) elected MP[45] for Lichfield
Lichfield
1690/1695, re-elected 1698/1708, elected again 1710/1715 Gilbert Walmisley (1680–1751) barrister,[46] friend of Samuel Johnson, buried in a vault near the south side of Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral. Theophilus Levett
Theophilus Levett
(1693–1746) attorney, town clerk of Lichfield, politician and landowner,

18th c.[edit]

John Wyatt (1700–1766) inventor, particularly of a spinning machine Thomas Newton
Thomas Newton
(1704–1782) cleric, biblical scholar, author and Bishop of Bristol from 1761 to 1782. Richard Greene (1716–1793) antiquary and[47] collector of curiosities. David Garrick
David Garrick
(1717–1779), actor,[48] playwright, producer and theatre manager Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
(1731–1802), scientist,[49] inventor[50] and grandfather[51] of Charles Darwin Richard Lovell Edgeworth
Richard Lovell Edgeworth
(1744–1817), politician,[52] writer, inventor, lived at Stowe House Theophilus Houlbrooke
Theophilus Houlbrooke
(1745–1824), minister and amateur botanist, President of the Liverpool Athenaeum
Liverpool Athenaeum
from 1809 to 1813 General Richard Vyse
Richard Vyse
(1746–1825) general[53] and MP for Beverley in 1806 Joseph Potter (1756–1842) architect and builder, considerable practice in Staffordshire
Staffordshire
and neighbouring counties Henry Salt (1780–1827), antiquarian;[54] gave large Egyptian collection to the British Museum Admiral of the Fleet Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone (1781–1866) a[55] Royal Navy officer

19th c.[edit]

John Hewitt (1807–1878) antiquarian[56] James Fowler (1828–1892), aka "Fowler of Louth",[57] a Victorian ecclesiastical architect Walter Noel Hartley (1845–1913), chemist[58] and pioneer of spectroscopy Lieutenant-Colonel Michael Swinfen-Broun
Michael Swinfen-Broun
JP (1858-1948) soldier, magistrate, High Sheriff
High Sheriff
and Deputy Lieutenant of Staffordshire

20th c.[edit]

Alasdair Steele-Bodger CBE, FRCVS (1924–2008), veterinary surgeon Denis Alva Parsons
Denis Alva Parsons
MBE, ARBS (1934–2012), sculptor[59] Lieutenant General Louis Lillywhite CB, MBE, QHS (born 1948) retired British Army
British Army
physician,[60] Surgeon-General 2006/2009 Phil Ford (born 1950), television writer[61] Richard Allinson (born 1958), broadcaster, early morning weekend show on BBC Radio 2 Helen Baxendale
Helen Baxendale
(born 1970), actress[62] Sian Brooke (born 1980), actress[63] Siobhan Dillon
Siobhan Dillon
(born 1984), singer[64] and actress

Authors and Writers[edit]

Anna Seward

Julian Arguelles

Robert Rock

Joseph Addison
Joseph Addison
(1672–1719), essayist,[65] poet, playwright, and politician. Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
(1709–1784),[66] often referred to as Dr. Johnson,[67] writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Anna Seward
Anna Seward
(1742–1809), romantic poet,[68] memorialist and letter writer Thomas Day
Thomas Day
(1748–1789), author and abolitionist,[69] lived for a time at Stowe House Richard Garnett (1835–1906), scholar,[70] librarian, biographer and poet Elaine Horseman (1925–1999), author Michael Laskey (born 1944), poet[71] and editor Charles Lambert (born 1953) novelist and short-story writer David Charles Manners
David Charles Manners
(born 1965), theatre designer, author and charity founder Adrian Poynton (born 1979), screenwriter,[72] playwright and stand-up comedian

Music[edit]

Frederic King (1853–1933), baritone John Hinch (born 1947) drummer, original drummer of Judas Priest Mark Thwaite
Mark Thwaite
(born 1965), guitarist with rock bands The Mission, Tricky, & Peter Murphy Julian Argüelles
Julian Argüelles
(born 1966), jazz[73] saxophonist Richie Edwards
Richie Edwards
(born 1974), bassist with rock bands the Darkness and Stone Gods Bryn Fowler (born 1982), musician, bassist and backing vocalist in the band the Holloways Rob Taylor (Born 1983), Musician and local legend, performing with Listen To Johnny among others

Sport[edit]

Tommy Skelton (1856–1900), jockey, rode the winner of the Grand National 1886, Old Joe Roly Harper (1881–1949), professional footballer, born in Lichfield Noel George (1897–1929), goalkeeper[74] for Wolves, died of a disease of the gums Roger Pearman (1943–2009), cricketer and cricket administrator Tom Leadbitter (1945–1995), scrambles, motorcycle speedway and grasstrack rider Ian Wright (born 1972) former footballer,[75] 347 pro appearances Stuart Ryder (born 1973), former Walsall
Walsall
F.C. and England
England
U21 footballer Adam Wilcox (born 1976), racing driver Robert Rock
Robert Rock
(born 1977), professional golfer on the PGA European Tour, formerly a coach at Swingers Golf Centre Gary Mason (born 1979), motorcycle racer in the British Superbike Championship James Austin (born 1983) judoka, competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the -100 kg event

Twinnings[edit] The City of Lichfield
Lichfield
is twinned with Limburg an der Lahn, Germany and Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France.[76] Trivia[edit] Is the only city in the UK spelled only with letters from the first half of the alphabet.[77][better source needed] See also[edit]

England
England
portal

The Beaux' Stratagem
The Beaux' Stratagem
by George Farquhar, play set in Lichfield
Lichfield
in 1707 Bishops of Lichfield Earl of Lichfield Garrick Theatre Heart of England
England
Way Lichfield
Lichfield
Bower Lichfield
Lichfield
Canal Lichfield
Lichfield
Cricket Club The Lichfield
Lichfield
Gospels Lichfield
Lichfield
Rugby Union
Rugby Union
Football Club RAF Lichfield

References[edit]

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Lichfield
City Council - Statistics". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011.  ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Lichfield
Lichfield
Parish (1170218382)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ "Names and codes for Administrative Geography". Office for National Statistics. 31 December 2008. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2009.  ^ " Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
- Census 2011". 20 July 2012.  ^ Lichfield: The place and street names, population and boundaries ', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14: Lichfield. 1990. pp. 37–42.  ^ "Lichfield". Key to English Place Names. Institute for Name Studies, University of Nottingham. Retrieved 12 May 2012.  ^ a b Delamarre, Xavier (2012). Noms de lieux celtiques de l'europe ancienne (-500/+500): Dictionnaire. Arles, France: Éditions Errance. p. 175. ISBN 978-2-87772-483-8.  ^ Patrick Sims-Williams (1990). "2". In Alfred Bammesberger. Britain 400–600: Language and History. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag. p. 260. ISBN 3-533-04271-5.  ^ "Explaining the origin of the 'field of the dead' legend". British History Online. Retrieved 20 November 2008.  ^ a b c Greenslade, M.W. (1990), A History of the County of Stafford: Volume XIV: Lichfield, Victoria County History, ISBN 978-0-19-722778-7  ^ Nennius (attrib.). Theodor Mommsen
Theodor Mommsen
(ed.). Historia Brittonum, VI. Composed after AD 830. (in Latin) Hosted at Latin Wikisource. ^ a b From: 'Lichfield: History to c.1500', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14: Lichfield
Lichfield
(1990), pp. 4–14. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42336 Date accessed: 24 July 2009. ^ "Brief History of Lichfield". Local Histories. Retrieved 20 November 2008.  ^ "'Lichfield: From the Reformation to c.1800', A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 14: Lichfield
Lichfield
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Lichfield
(1990), pp. 14-24. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42337 Date accessed: 24 July 2009. ^ Clayton, Howard (1981), Coaching City, Abbotsford Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9503563-1-0  ^ Lichfield District
Lichfield District
Council:Friarsgate Plans, retrieved 26 January 2011  ^ http://www.lichfieldmercury.co.uk/new-mayor-and-sheriff-of-lichfield-sworn-in/story-30334895-detail/story.html[permanent dead link] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.  ^ " Lichfield
Lichfield
City Council Functions". Lichfield.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.  ^ British Geological Survey:Geology of Britain viewer, archived from the original on 27 July 2011, retrieved 20 January 2011  ^ Ordnance Survey Map:Lichfield, retrieved 20 January 2011  ^ "Statistics". Lichfield. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2010.  ^ "Economic benefits of new development to Lichfield". icLichfield. Retrieved 20 November 2008.  ^ a b Lichfield
Lichfield
Bower: The Bower & Its Origins, archived from the original on 25 June 2010, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ Lichfield
Lichfield
Festival: About Us, archived from the original on 12 November 2010, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ Lichfield
Lichfield
Mysteries: Home Page, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ Lichfield
Lichfield
Folk Festival, archived from the original on 23 July 2011, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ Lichfield
Lichfield
Arts: What's Onl, archived from the original on 22 February 2011, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ Lichfield District
Lichfield District
Council: Lichfield's Parks, retrieved 28 January 2011  ^ South Staffordshire
Staffordshire
College: Lichfield
Lichfield
Campus, retrieved 3 March 2012  ^ " Lichfield
Lichfield
Rugby Union
Rugby Union
Football Club". Retrieved 7 March 2012.  ^ "Midland Football Combination Premier Division table". Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012.  ^ "The Remarkable rise of Robert Rock". Europeanyout.com. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 7 March 2012.  ^ Dictionary of National Biography volume 61.djvu/201, Wightman, Edward (d. 1612), fanatic retrieved December 2017 ^ Catholic Encyclopedia (1913), Volume 6, Edmund and John Gennings retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, MINORS, Thomas (1609-77), of Sadler Street, Lichfield, Staffs retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, Biddulph, Michael I (1610-66), of Elmhurst, Staffs retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 02, Ashmole, Elias retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 60, Wetenhall, Edward retrieved December 2017 ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Gregory King, British statistician retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 10, Floyer, Sir John retrieved December 2017 ^ The History of Parliament Trust, DYOTT, Richard (1667-1719), of Freeford, Staffs retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 59, Walmisley, Gilbert retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 23, Greene, Richard retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 11, Garrick, David retrieved December 2017 ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 7, Darwin, Erasmus retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 14, Darwin, Erasmus retrieved December 2017 ^ The New International Encyclopædia, Darwin, Erasmus retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 16, Edgeworth, Richard Lovell retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 58, Vyse, Richard William Howard retrieved December 2017 ^ Philosophy of Science Portal, June 14, 2010, Massive head of Ramesses II and Henry Salt retrieved December 2017 ^ The New International Encyclopædia, Parker, William retrieved December 2017 ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 26, Hewitt, John (1807-1878) retrieved December 2017 ^ Website of Rod Collins, Lincolnshire re James Fowler, Church Restorer & Mayor
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lichfield.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lichfield.

Lichfield
Lichfield
City Council Lichfield District
Lichfield District
Council Visit Lichfield
Lichfield
- Travel and Tourism body Lichfield
Lichfield
Arts  "Lichfield". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.   "Lichfield". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.   "Lichfield". Encyclopedia Americana. 1920.  Lichfield
Lichfield
Gazette—local news magazine

Places adjacent to Lichfield

Longdon, Armitage, Mavesyn Ridware, RUGELEY, STAFFORD Elmhurst, Curborough, Kings Bromley, Abbots Bromley, Uttoxeter, Ashbourne Streethay, Fradley, Alrewas, Croxall, Edingale, BURTON UPON TRENT, DERBY

Hammerwich, Gentleshaw, Cannock
Cannock
Wood, Burntwood, Chasetown, CANNOCK

Lichfield

Whittington, Fisherwick, Elford, Thorpe Constantine, Appleby Magna, Measham

Brownhills, Walsall
Walsall
Wood, Bloxwich, WALSALL, WOLVERHAMPTON Wall, Shenstone, Sutton Coldfield, BIRMINGHAM, Solihull Swinfen & Packington, Weeford, Hopwas, Hints, TAMWORTH, COVENTRY

v t e

City of Lichfield, England

Notable buildings

Bishop's Palace Hospital of St John Baptist without the Barrs Lichfield
Lichfield
Cathedral Lichfield
Lichfield
Clock Tower

Churches

Christ Church Church of St Chad St Mary's Church St Michael on Greenhill

Railway stations

Lichfield
Lichfield
City Lichfield
Lichfield
Trent Valley

Schools

The Friary School King Edward VI School Lichfield Cathedral
Lichfield Cathedral
School Nether Stowe School

Museums

Lichfield
Lichfield
Museum Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
House Samuel Johnson
Samuel Johnson
Birthplace Museum

Theatres

Garrick Theatre

Parks and open spaces

Beacon Park

v t e

Lichfield
Lichfield
District

Council

Lichfield District
Lichfield District
Council

Civil parishes

Alrewas Armitage
Armitage
with Handsacre Burntwood
Burntwood
(town) Clifton Campville Colton Curborough and Elmhurst Drayton Bassett Edingale Elford Farewell and Chorley Fazeley
Fazeley
(town) Fisherwick Fradley Hammerwich Hamstall Ridware Harlaston Hints Kings Bromley Lichfield
Lichfield
(city) Longdon Mavesyn Ridware Shenstone Streethay Swinfen and Packington Thorpe Constantine Wall Weeford Whittington Wigginton and Hopwas

v t e

Ceremonial county of Staffordshire

Unitary authorities

Stoke-on-Trent

Boroughs or districts

Cannock
Cannock
Chase East Staffordshire Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme South Staffordshire Stafford Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Moorlands Tamworth

Major settlements

Biddulph Burntwood Burton upon Trent Cannock Cheadle Eccleshall Fazeley Hednesford Kidsgrove Leek Lichfield Newcastle-under-Lyme Penkridge Rugeley Stafford Stoke-on-Trent

Burslem Fenton Hanley Longton Stoke Tunstall

Stone Tamworth Uttoxeter See also: List of civil parishes in Staffordshire

Rivers

Anker Blithe Churnet Dane Dove Manifold Mease Penk Sow Swarbourn Tame Trent Wheelock

Canals

Birmingham
Birmingham
& Fazeley Caldon Lichfield Shropshire Union Staffs & Worcestershire Trent & Mersey Wyrley & Essington

Topics

Flag Museums Schools Grade I buildings Grade II* buildings Windmills High Sheriffs

v t e

Cities of the United Kingdom

England

Bath Birmingham Bradford Brighton and Hove Bristol Cambridge Canterbury Carlisle Chelmsford Chester Chichester Coventry Derby Durham Ely Exeter Gloucester Hereford Kingston upon Hull Lancaster Leeds Leicester Lichfield Lincoln Liverpool London Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Norwich Nottingham Oxford Peterborough Plymouth Portsmouth Preston Ripon St Albans Salford Salisbury Sheffield Southampton Stoke-on-Trent Sunderland Truro Wakefield Wells Westminster Winchester Wolverhampton Worcester York

Scotland

Aberdeen Dundee Edinburgh Glasgow Inverness Perth Stirling

Wales

Bangor Cardiff Newport St Asaph St Davids Swansea

Northern Ireland

Armagh Belfast Derry Lisburn Newry

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139601

.