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Sardinia
SARDINIA (/sɑːrˈdɪniə/ _sar-DIN-ee-ə_ ; Italian : _Sardegna_ , Sardinian : _Sardìgna/Sardìnnia_ / , Sassarese : _Sardhigna_, Gallurese : _Saldigna_, Catalan : _Sardenya_, Tabarchino : _Sardegna_) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
(after Sicily and before Cyprus
Cyprus
) and an autonomous region of Italy
Italy
. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, to the immediate south of the French island of Corsica . The region's official name is _Regione Autonoma della Sardegna_ / _Regione Autònoma de Sardigna_ (Autonomous Region of Sardinia), and its capital and largest city is Cagliari
Cagliari
. It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city . Its indigenous language and the other minority languages (Sassarese , Corsican Gallurese , Algherese Catalan and Ligurian Tabarchino ) spoken by the Sardinians enjoy "equal dignity" with Italian under regional law
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Sardinia (other)
SARDINIA is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. SARDINIA may also refer to: ISLAND OF SARDINIA* Politics of Sardinia * Elections in Sardinia * List of Presidents of Sardinia * List of political parties in Sardinia * Music of Sardinia * People from Sardinia * History of Sardinia * The Kingdom of Sardinia , a former Spanish and Savoyard kingdom ruling the island * List of monarchs of Sardinia * List of viceroys of Sardinia * History of mining in Sardinia * History of the Jews in Sardinia * Languages of Sardinia * List of tourist attractions in Sardinia * List of archaeological and artistic sites of Sardinia OTHER PLACESIn the United States: * Sardinia, Indiana * Sardinia, New York * Sardinia, Ohio OTHER * Sardinia , a former genus in the Rubiaceae
Rubiaceae
family This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title SARDINIA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sardinia_(other) additional terms may apply
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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania . Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages . Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe . It is the third most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 65 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 14 million EU citizens (3%)
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Sardinian Language
51-AAA-s +(Corso-Sardinian) 51-AAA-pd ">Linguistic map of Sardinia. Sardinian is yellow (Logudorese) and orange (Campidanese). THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA .SARDINIAN (_sardu_, _limba sarda_, _lingua sarda_) or SARD is the primary indigenous Romance language spoken on most of the island of Sardinia ( Italy ). Of the Romance languages, it is considered one of the closest, if not the closest, to Latin . However, it also incorporates a Pre- Latin (Paleo-Sardinian , also known as Nuragic , and, to a much lesser degree, Punic ) substratum , and a Byzantine Greek , Catalan , Spanish and Italian superstratum due to the past political membership of the island, first falling into the Hispanic sphere of influence and later towards the Italian one. Sardinian consists of two mutually intelligible varieties , each with its own literature : Campidanese and Logudorese , spoken respectively in the southern half and in the north-central part of Sardinia
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Catalan Language
CATALAN (/ˈkætəlæn/ ; autonym : _català_ or ) is a Romance language derived from Vulgar Latin and named after the medieval Principality of Catalonia , in northeastern modern Spain . It is the national and only official language of Andorra , and a co-official language of the Spanish autonomous communities of Catalonia , the Balearic Islands and Valencia (where the language is known as Valencian ). It also has semi-official status in the commune of Alghero These territories are often called Catalan Countries . Catalan evolved from Vulgar Latin in the Middle Ages around the eastern Pyrenees . 19th-century Spain saw a Catalan literary revival , culminating in the early 1900s
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Autonomous Regions With Special Statute
The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: regioni) are the first-level administrative divisions of Italy
Italy
, constituting its second NUTS administrative level . There are 20 regions, of which five are constitutionally given a broader amount of autonomy granted by special statutes. Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Regional control * 2 Regions * 3 Macroregions * 4 Status * 4.1 Regions with ordinary statute * 4.2 Autonomous regions with special statute * 5 Institutions * 6 Representation in the Senate * 7 Economy of regions and macroregions * 8 See also * 8.1 Other administrative divisions * 9 References * 10 External links * 10.1 Italian HISTORYAs the administrative districts of the central state during the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
, regions were granted a measure of political autonomy by the 1948 Constitution of the Italian Republic . The original draft list comprised the Salento
Salento
region (which was eventually included in the Apulia). Friuli and Venezia Giulia were separate regions, and Basilicata was named Lucania. Abruzzo
Abruzzo
and Molise were identified as separate regions in the first draft
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Flag Of Sardinia
The FLAG OF SARDINIA, called the FLAG OF THE FOUR MOORS or simply the FOUR MOORS (Italian : _I quattro mori_; Sardinian : _Sos bator moros_ in Logudorese or _Is cuatru morus_ in Campidanese), is the official flag of the autonomous region of Sardinia , Italy , and the historical flag and coat of arms of the Kingdom of Sardinia , described as a "white field with a red cross and a bandaged Moor\'s head facing away from the left (the edge close to the mast) in each quarter" (Regional Law 15 April 1999, n. 10, Article 1.) The flag is composed of the St George\'s Cross and four heads of Moors , which in the past were not forehead bandaged but blindfolded and turned towards the left. The most accepted hypothesis is that the heads represented the heads of Moorish princes defeated by the Aragonese , as for the first time they appeared in the 13th century seals of the Crown of Aragon – although with a beard and no bandage, contrary to the Moors of the Sardinian flag, which appeared for the first time in a manuscript of the second half of the 14th century. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Legendary origin * 3 Modern use * 4 Chronological gallery * 4.1 Contemporary use * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources HISTORY First testimony of the flag of Sardinia
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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483 Official language and national language Italian a RELIGION * 83.3% Christians * 12.4% Irreligious * 3.7% Muslims * 0.2% Buddhists * 0.1% Hindus * 0.3% Other religions DEMONYM Italian GOV
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Cagliari
CAGLIARI (English: /ˌkæliˈɑːri/ , /ˈkæljəri/ or US : /kælˈjɑːri/ ; Italian: (_ listen ); Sardinian : Casteddu_; Latin : _Caralis_) is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia , an autonomous region of Italy . Cagliari's Sardinian name _Casteddu_ literally means _castle_. It has about 150,000 inhabitants, while its metropolitan city (including Cagliari and 16 other nearby municipalities) has more than 431,000 inhabitants. According to Eurostat , the population of the Functional urban area , the commuting zone of Cagliari, rises to 476,974. Cagliari is the 26th largest city in Italy and the largest city on the island of Sardinia. An ancient city with a long history, Cagliari has seen the rule of several civilisations. Under the buildings of the modern city there is a continuous stratification attesting to human settlement over the course of some five thousand years, from the Neolithic to today. Historical sites include the prehistoric Domus de Janas , very damaged by cave activity, a large Carthaginian era necropolis , a Roman era amphitheatre , a Byzantine basilica , three Pisan-era towers and a strong system of fortification that made the town the core of Spanish Habsburg imperial power in the western Mediterranean Sea
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Francesco Pigliaru
FRANCESCO PIGLIARU (born May 13, 1954 in Sassari ) is an Italian economist, politician, and professor. He was prorector of the University of Cagliari from 2009 to 2014. He became President of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia on March 12, 2014 following the regional election of February 16, 2014 . REFERENCES * ^ "Francesco Pigliaru". _I Cinquantamila giorni dell'Italia unita_ (in Italian). Retrieved September 5, 2015. * ^ "LA SCHEDA. Chi è Francesco Pigliaru, 59 anni, laurea in Scienze politiche e master a Cambridge". _Sardiniapost.it_ (in Italian). January 6, 2014. Retrieved September 5, 2015. * ^ "Presidente". _Regione Autonoma della Sardegna_ (in Italian). Retrieved September 5, 2015
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Democratic Party (italy)
The DEMOCRATIC PARTY (Italian : _Partito Democratico_, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy
Italy
. The party's secretary is Matteo Renzi , who was elected in the 2013 leadership election and re-elected in the 2017 leadership election . Maurizio Martina serves as deputy secretary, while Matteo Orfini is the party's president. The PD was founded on 14 October 2007 upon the merger of various centre-left parties which had been part of The Olive Tree list and The Union coalition in the 2006 general election . They notably included: the social-democratic DEMOCRATS OF THE LEFT (DS), successors of the Italian Communist Party and the Democratic Party of the Left , which was folded with several social-democratic parties (Labour Federation , Social Christians , etc.) in 1998; and the largely Catholic -inspired DEMOCRACY IS FREEDOM – THE DAISY (DL), merger of the Italian People\'s Party (heir of the defunct Christian Democracy party's left-wing), The Democrats and Italian Renewal in 2002. The PD's main ideological trends are thus social democracy and the Italian Christian leftist tradition. The party has been also influenced by social liberalism , which was already present in some of the founding components of the DS and DL, and more generally by a Third Way progressivism
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a _Thai_ may be any resident or citizen of Thailand of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the Thai people . Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms. For example, a native of the United Kingdom may be called a _ British person _, a _Briton_ or, informally, a _Brit_. In some languages, when a parallel demonym does not exist, a demonym is borrowed from another language as a nickname or descriptive adjective of a group of people
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Sardinians
The SARDINIANS, or also the SARDS (Sardinian : _Sardos or Sardus_; Italian and Sassarese : _Sardi_; Catalan : _Sards or Sardos_; Gallurese : _Saldi_; Ligurian : _Sordi_), are the native people and indigenous ethnic group from which Sardinia , a western Mediterranean island and autonomous region of Italy, derives its name. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Prehistory * 2.1.1 Nuragic civilization * 2.2 Ancient history * 2.3 Middle Ages * 2.4 Modern and contemporary history * 3 Demographics * 3.1 Age expectancy and Longevity * 3.2 Demographic indicators * 3.3 Historical population * 3.4 Division by gender and age * 3.5 Total population by age * 3.6 Geographical distribution * 3.7 Surnames * 4 Culture * 4.1 Languages * 4.2 Flag * 4.3 National Day * 4.4 Religion * 4.5 Traditional clothes * 5 Genetics * 6 Notable Sardinians * 7 Gallery * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Notes ETYMOLOGY Depiction of Sardus Pater in a Roman coin (59 a.C.) The ethnonym "S(a)rd" belongs to the Pre-Indo-European linguistic substratum. It makes its first appearance on the Nora stone , where the word _Šrdn_ testifies to the name's existence when the Phoenician merchants first arrived
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Timezones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Timeis UTC−03:30, NepalStandard Timeis UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Timeis UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones . This also creates a permanent daylight saving time effect
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Central European Time
TIME IN AFRICA UTC−01:00 Cape Verde Time UTC±00:00 Greenwich Mean Time UTC±00:00 UTC+01:00 Greenwich Mean Time Greenwich Mean Time +1 UTC+01:00 West Africa Time / Central European Time UTC+01:00 UTC+02:00 West Africa Time West Africa Summer Time UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time / South African Standard Time / Eastern European Time UTC+03:00 East Africa Time UTC+04:00 Mauritius Time / Seychelles Time Light colors indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colors indicate where daylight savings is observed. NOTE: The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland. CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as +01:00 . The same standard time, UTC+01:00 , is also known as MIDDLE EUROPEAN TIME (MET, German: MEZ) and under other names like BERLIN TIME, ROMANCE STANDARD TIME (RST), PARIS TIME or ROME TIME. The 15th meridian east is the central axis for UTC+01:00 in the world system of time zones
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UTC+1
UTC+01:00 is a time offset that adds 1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This time is used in: * Central European Time * West Africa Time * Western European Summer Time
Western European Summer Time
* British Summer Time * Irish Standard Time * Romance Standard Time (Microsoft Windows Control panel) * Swatch Internet Time * EVE Online In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-08T12:06:10+01:00
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