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Pudukottai
PUDUKKOTTAI (TAMIL :புதுக்கோட்டை) is the administrative headquarters of Pudukkottai District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
.IT IS A SMALL TOWN LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF RIVER VELLAR , IT HAS BEEN RULED, AT DIFFERENT TIMES, BY THE EARLY PANDYAS , THONDAIMANS, AND THE BRITISH . It is situated about 395 kilometres (245 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai
Chennai
and about 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
. The people in the city are employed majorly in teritiary sector activities. Tamil Nadu's first women Asiad Santhi Soundarajan is from Pudukkottai. Being the district headquarters, Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
accommodates the district administration offices, government educational institutes, colleges and schools
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Tipu Sultan
TIPU SULTAN (20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), (SAYYID WALSHAREEF SULTAN FATEH ALI SAHAB TIPU ) also known as the TIGER OF MYSORE, and TIPU SAHIB, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore . He was the eldest son of Sultan
Sultan
Haidar Ali of Mysore. Tipu introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including his coinage, a new Mauludi lunisolar calendar , and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of Mysore silk industry. Tipu expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin . He is considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery . Tipu Sultan
Sultan
deployed the rockets against advances of British forces and their allies in their 1792 and 1799 Siege
Siege
of Srirangapatna
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the UK includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to its east, the English Channel
English Channel
to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world
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Thanjavur
THANJAVUR, formerly TANJORE, is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples , which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments , are located in and around Thanjavur. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple , is located in the centre of the city. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is also home to Tanjore painting , a painting style unique to the region. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is the headquarters of the Thanjavur District
Thanjavur District
. The city is an important agricultural centre located in the Cauvery Delta and is known as the " Rice
Rice
bowl of Tamil Nadu"
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Hyder Ali
HYDER ALI KHAN also known as HYDER ALI SAHIB (Kannada: ಹೈದೆರ್ ಅಲಿ ಖಾನ್), Haidarālī (Kannada: ಹೈದರಾಲಿ) (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India . Born as Sayyid wal Sharif
Sharif
Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
Khan , he distinguished himself militarily, eventually drawing the attention of Mysore's rulers. Rising to the post of Dalavayi (commander-in-chief ) to Krishnaraja Wodeyar II , he came to dominate the titular monarch and the Mysore government. He became the de facto ruler of Mysore as Sarvadhikari (Chief Minister) by 1761
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Ramnad
RAMANATHAPURAM ( pronunciation (help ·info )), also known as RAMNAD, is a city and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district
Ramanathapuram district
in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. It is the administrative headquarters of Ramanathapuram district
Ramanathapuram district
and the second largest town (by population) in Ramanathapuram district. As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 61,440.Density of population: 320 people per square kilometer; Literacy Rate: 81.48% - Male: 87.89%, Female: 74.93%; Male Female Ratio: 1000:977. Ramanathapuram is the top producer of chilli pepper in Tamil Nadu. It is connected to other cities by NH-49
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Chennai
CHENNAI (/ˈtʃɛnaɪ/ ( listen ); formerly known as MADRAS /məˈdrɑːs/ ( listen ) or /-ˈdræs/ ) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. Located on the Coromandel Coast
Coromandel Coast
off the Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
, it is one of the biggest cultural, economic and educational centres in South India. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the fifth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India
India
. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area
Chennai Metropolitan Area
, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world . Chennai
Chennai
is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for year 2015
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Tiruchirappalli International Airport
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (IATA : TRZ, ICAO : VOTR) is an international airport serving Tiruchirapalli
Tiruchirapalli
in the state of Tamil Nadu , India. It is located on Tiruchirappalli - Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
National Highway 336 , about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the city center. The airport is ISO 9001:2008 quality certified and was declared an international airport on 4 October 2012. It is the second largest airport in international passenger traffic after Chennai in Tamil Nadu, and Third largest in terms of total passenger traffic next to Chennai and Coimbatore. The airport covers an area of 702 acres
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British Museum
6,820,686 (2015) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 5th globally CHAIRMAN Sir Richard Lambert DIRECTOR Hartwig Fischer PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Goodge Street ; Holborn ; Tottenham Court Road ; Russell Square ; WEBSITE britishmuseum.org AREA 807,000 sq ft (75,000 m2) in 94 Galleries The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court , surrounding the original Reading Room . The BRITISH MUSEUM, located in the Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
area of London
London
, United Kingdom , is a public institution dedicated to human history , art and culture . Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present
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Travancore
The KINGDOM OF TRAVANCORE (/ˈtrævəŋkɔər/ ) was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore
Travancore
Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram , and later Thiruvananthapuram . At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of modern-day central and southern Kerala
Kerala
with the Thachudaya Kaimal 's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikkam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin , as well as the district of Kanyakumari
Kanyakumari
, now in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu . The official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell ( Turbinella pyrum ) at its center. In the early 19th century, the kingdom became a princely state of the British Empire
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Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
RAJA SRI BRAHDAMBA DASA RAJA SIR MARTANDA BHAIRAVA TONDAIMAN GCIE (26 November 1875 – 28 May 1928) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai from 15 April 1886 to 28 May 1928. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Marriage and later life * 4 Notes * 5 References EARLY LIFE Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
was born on 26 November 1875 to Princess Brihadambal Rajammani Sahib of Pudukkottai and her husband M.R.Ry. Kolandaswami Pallavarayar Sahib Avargal. Princess Brihadambal was the eldest daughter of Ramachandra Tondaiman , the Raja of Pudukkottai. Martanda was Brihadambal's third son. At an early age, Martanda was adopted by Ramachandra Tondaiman as he did not have any male heirs of his own. Martanda was educated in private by Fredric Feilden Crossley, a Cambridge alumnus
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Raghunatha Tondaiman
RAJA SRI RAGHUNATHA TONDAIMAN BAHADUR (c. 1798 - 13 July 1839) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai from 4 June 1825 to 13 July 1839. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Family * 4 Notes EARLY LIFERaghunatha Tondaiman was born in 1798 to Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman , Raja of Pudukkottai, and his second wife, Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib Avargal in Pudukkottai and was educated by a private tutor. Raghunatha was the youngest of two sons of Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman who survived him. Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the premature death of his elder brother Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II in June 1825. REIGNRaghunatha Tondaiman reigned for 14 years from his coronation on 20 July 1825. His reign was largely uneventful. In 1837, Raghunatha Tondaiman suggested a scheme to bring Cauvery River water into Pudukkottai state but could not execute it due to lack of funds
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Marthanda Bhairava Tondaiman
RAJA SRI BRAHDAMBA DASA RAJA SIR MARTANDA BHAIRAVA TONDAIMAN GCIE (26 November 1875 – 28 May 1928) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai from 15 April 1886 to 28 May 1928. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Marriage and later life * 4 Notes * 5 References EARLY LIFEMartanda Bhairava Tondaiman was born on 26 November 1875 to Princess Brihadambal Rajammani Sahib of Pudukkottai and her husband M.R.Ry. Kolandaswami Pallavarayar Sahib Avargal. Princess Brihadambal was the eldest daughter of Ramachandra Tondaiman , the Raja of Pudukkottai. Martanda was Brihadambal's third son. At an early age, Martanda was adopted by Ramachandra Tondaiman as he did not have any male heirs of his own. Martanda was educated in private by Fredric Feilden Crossley, a Cambridge alumnus. Martanda excelled in sports and developed a liking for European culture and manners
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Coat Of Arms
A COAT OF ARMS is an heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield ), surcoat , or tabard . The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters , crest , and motto . A coat of arms is traditionally unique to an individual person , family (except in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
), state, organisation or corporation
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British India
The PROVINCES OF INDIA, earlier PRESIDENCIES OF BRITISH INDIA and still earlier, PRESIDENCY TOWNS, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent. Collectively, they were called BRITISH INDIA. In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods: * During 1612–1757, the East India Company
East India Company
set up "factories" (trading posts) in several locations, mostly in coastal India, with the consent of the Mughal emperors or local rulers. Its rivals were the merchant trading companies of Holland and France
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