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Pudukottai
PUDUKKOTTAI is the administrative headquarters of Pudukkottai District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
.It is a small town located on the banks of River Vellar, it has been ruled, at different times, by the Early Pandyas , Mutharaiyars , Thondaimans, and the British . It is situated about 395 kilometres (245 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai
Chennai
and about 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
. The people in the city are employed majorly in teritiary sector activities. Tamil Nadu's first women Asiad Santhi Soundarajan is from Pudukkottai. Being the district headquarters, Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
accommodates the district administration offices, government educational institutes, colleges and schools
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Tiruchirappalli International Airport
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (IATA : TRZ, ICAO : VOTR) is an international airport serving Tiruchirapalli in the state of Tamil Nadu , India. It is located on Tiruchirappalli - Pudukkottai National Highway 336 , about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the city center. The airport is ISO 9001:2008 quality certified and was declared an international airport on 4 October 2012. It is the second largest airport in international passenger traffic after Chennai in Tamil Nadu, and Third largest in terms of total passenger traffic next to Chennai and Coimbatore. The airport covers an area of 702 acres
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Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II
VIJAYA RAGHUNATHA RAYA TONDAIMAN (c 1797 - 4 June 1825) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
from 1 February 1807 to 4 June 1825. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Death * 4 Family * 5 Notes EARLY LIFEVijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman was born in 1797 to Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman , Raja of Pudukkottai, and his second wife, Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib Avargal in Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
and was educated by a private tutor. He was the elder of two sons of Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman who survived him. REIGNVijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman ascended the throne on 1 February 1807 on the death of his father, Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman . The administration as in the hands of a Council of Superintendence headed by the Resident of Tanjore, William Blackburn till 1817, when Vijaya Raghunatha Raya attained majority
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British Museum
6,820,686 (2015) * Ranked 1st nationally * Ranked 5th globally CHAIRMAN Sir Richard Lambert DIRECTOR Hartwig Fischer PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Goodge Street ; Holborn ; Tottenham Court Road ; Russell Square ; WEBSITE britishmuseum.org AREA 807,000 sq ft (75,000 m2) in 94 Galleries The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2001 to become the Great Court , surrounding the original Reading Room . The BRITISH MUSEUM is dedicated to human history , art and culture , and is located in the Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
area of London
London
. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present
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Ramnad
RAMANATHAPURAM ( pronunciation (help ·info )), also known as RAMNAD, is a city and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. It is the administrative headquarters of Ramanathapuram district and the second largest town (by population) in Ramanathapuram
Ramanathapuram
district. As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 61,440.Density of population: 320 people per square kilometer; Literacy Rate: 81.48% - Male: 87.89%, Female: 74.93%; Male Female Ratio: 1000:977. Ramanathapuram
Ramanathapuram
is the top producer of chilli pepper in Tamil Nadu. It is connected to other cities by NH-49
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Raghunatha Tondaiman
RAJA SRI RAGHUNATHA TONDAIMAN BAHADUR (c. 1798 - 13 July 1839) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
from 4 June 1825 to 13 July 1839. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Family * 4 Notes EARLY LIFERaghunatha Tondaiman was born in 1798 to Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman , Raja of Pudukkottai, and his second wife, Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib Avargal in Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
and was educated by a private tutor. Raghunatha was the youngest of two sons of Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman who survived him. Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the premature death of his elder brother Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II in June 1825. REIGNRaghunatha Tondaiman reigned for 14 years from his coronation on 20 July 1825. His reign was largely uneventful
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Santhi Soundarajan
SANTHI SOUNDARAJAN (also spelled Shanthi Soundararajan,Tamil : சாந்தி சௌந்திரராஜன், born April 1981) is an Indian track and field athlete. She is the winner of 12 international medals for India
India
and around 50 medals for her home state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. Shanthi Soundarajan is the first Tamil woman to win a medal at the Asian Games
Asian Games
. She competes in middle distance track events . She was stripped of a silver medal won at the 2006 Asian Games after failing a sex verification test which disputed her eligibility to participate in the women's competition
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British Raj
Other local languages GOVERNMENT Colony MONARCH OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND EMPEROR/EMPRESS A • 1858–1901 Victoria • 1901–1910 Edward VII • 1910–1936 George V • 1936 Edward VIII • 1936–1947 George VI VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-G
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Chennai
CHENNAI (/ˈtʃɛnaɪ/ ( listen ); formerly known as MADRAS /məˈdrɑːs/ ( listen ) or /-ˈdræs/ ) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal , it is one of the biggest cultural, economic and educational centres in South India. According to the 2011 Indian census (adjusted for the new limits of Chennai
Chennai
city), it is the fifth-largest city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India
India
. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area , which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world . Chennai
Chennai
is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked 43rd most visited city in the world for year 2015. The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India
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Marthanda Bhairava Tondaiman
RAJA SRI BRAHDAMBA DASA RAJA SIR MARTANDA BHAIRAVA TONDAIMAN GCIE (26 November 1875 – 28 May 1928) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
from 15 April 1886 to 28 May 1928. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Marriage and later life * 4 Notes * 5 References EARLY LIFE Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman was born on 26 November 1875 to Princess Brihadambal Rajammani Sahib of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
and her husband M.R.Ry. Kolandaswami Pallavarayar Sahib Avargal. Princess Brihadambal was the eldest daughter of Ramachandra Tondaiman
Ramachandra Tondaiman
, the Raja of Pudukkottai. Martanda was Brihadambal's third son. At an early age, Martanda was adopted by Ramachandra Tondaiman
Ramachandra Tondaiman
as he did not have any male heirs of his own. Martanda was educated in private by Fredric Feilden Crossley, a Cambridge alumnus
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Hyder Ali
HYDER ALI KHAN also known as HYDER ALI SAHIB (Kannada: ಹೈದೆರ್ ಅಲಿ ಖಾನ್), _Haidarālī_ (Kannada: ಹೈದರಾಲಿ) (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan and _de facto_ ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore
Mysore
in southern India . Born as Sayyid
Sayyid
wal Sharif
Sharif
Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
Khan , he distinguished himself militarily, eventually drawing the attention of Mysore's rulers. Rising to the post of Dalavayi (commander-in-chief ) to Krishnaraja Wodeyar II , he came to dominate the titular monarch and the Mysore government. He became the de facto ruler of Mysore
Mysore
as Sarvadhikari (Chief Minister) by 1761
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Tipu Sultan
TIPU SULTAN (20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), (SAYYID WALSHAREEF SULTAN FATEH ALI SAHAB TIPU ) also known as the TIGER OF MYSORE, and TIPU SAHIB, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore . He was the eldest son of Sultan Haidar Ali of Mysore. Tipu introduced a number of administrative innovations during his rule, including his coinage, a new Mauludi lunisolar calendar , and a new land revenue system which initiated the growth of Mysore silk industry. Tipu expanded the iron-cased Mysorean rockets and commissioned the military manual Fathul Mujahidin . He is considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery . Tipu Sultan deployed the rockets against advances of British forces and their allies in their 1792 and 1799 Siege of Srirangapatna . Napoleon , the French commander-in-chief who later became emperor , sought an alliance with Tipu
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Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman
RAJA SRI RAGHUNATHA RAYA TONDAIMAN (1641-1730) was the ruler of the Pudukkottai kingdom from 1686 to 1730. Starting his career as a feudatory chieftain of the Sethupathi of Ramnad , in 1686, Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman was recognised as the independent ruler of Pudukkottai by the Sethupathi for the services he had rendered him. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Family * 4 References EARLY LIFE Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman was born in 1641 to Avadai Raghunatha Tondaiman, a Kallar chieftain and army general in service of Sriranga III , a claimant to the Vijayanagar throne. For his braveness and military services, Avadai Raghunatha Tondaiman was given the title Raya Rahutta Raya Vajridu Raya Mannida Raya by Sriranga Raya in 1639 along with a grant of land. Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman was educated in private and succeeded to the chieftainship on the death of his father in 1661
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Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I
VIJAYA RAGHUNATHA RAYA TONDAIMAN I (25 August 1713 – 28 December 1769) was the second independent ruler of the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
kingdom. He reigned from April 1730 to 28 December 1769. His reign was marked with incessant wars with the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom and against the French East India Company
French East India Company
and Chanda Sahib
Chanda Sahib
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Family * 4 References EARLY LIFEVijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I was born on 25 August 1713 to Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman Sahib, the heir-apparent of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
and his wife, Nallayi Ayi Sahib and educated privately. On the death of his father in 1729, Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I was made heir-apparent by his grandfather, Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman , the Raja of Pudukkottai
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Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman
RAJA SRI RAYA RAGHUNATHA TONDAIMAN (c. May 1738 – 30 December 1789) was the ruler of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
kingdom from 28 December 1769 to 30 December 1789. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Family * 4 Notes EARLY LIFE Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman was born in May 1738 to Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I and his wife Rani Nallakatti Ayi Sahib. He was the only son of the couple and was educated privately. REIGN Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the death of his father on 28 December 1769. His reign was largely uneventful. Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman authored a Telugu work Parvathi Parinyamu. Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman died on 30 December 1789 after a reign of 20 years. In the absence of a male offspring, Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman was succeeded by his cousin, Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman . FAMILY Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman had eleven queens
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Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
RAJA SRI BRAHDAMBA DASA RAJA SIR MARTANDA BHAIRAVA TONDAIMAN GCIE (26 November 1875 – 28 May 1928) was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
from 15 April 1886 to 28 May 1928. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Reign * 3 Marriage and later life * 4 Notes * 5 References EARLY LIFE Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman
was born on 26 November 1875 to Princess Brihadambal Rajammani Sahib of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
and her husband M.R.Ry. Kolandaswami Pallavarayar Sahib Avargal. Princess Brihadambal was the eldest daughter of Ramachandra Tondaiman
Ramachandra Tondaiman
, the Raja of Pudukkottai. Martanda was Brihadambal's third son. At an early age, Martanda was adopted by Ramachandra Tondaiman
Ramachandra Tondaiman
as he did not have any male heirs of his own
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