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Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
is the administrative headquarters of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a small town located on the banks of River Vallaru,[1] it has been ruled, at different times, by the Early Pandyas, Muthurajas, Thondaimans, and the British. It is situated about 395 kilometres (245 mi) southwest of the state capital Chennai
Chennai
and about 55 kilometres (34 mi) southwest of Tiruchirappalli. The people in the city are employed majorly in teritiary sector activities. Tamil Nadu's first women Asiad Santhi Soundarajan is from Pudukkottai.[2] Being the district headquarters, Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
accommodates the district administration offices, government educational institutes, colleges and schools. Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
is a part of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
constituency and elects its member of legislative assembly every five years, and a part of the Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
constituency that elects its member of parliament. The city is administered by a selection-grade municipality established in 1912 as per the Municipal Corporation Act. The city covers an area of 21.25 km2 and had a population of 143745 in 2011. Roadways is the major mode of transport to the city, while it has also got rail connectivity. The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport, located at a distance of 45 km from the city.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Municipal administration and politics 5 Transportation 6 Places of interest 7 Economy 8 Education and utility services 9 Sports 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit]

Coin of the Roman emperor Augustus
Augustus
from the Pudukottai hoard (British Museum).

The princely state of Pudukottai was created by . Raghunatha Kilavan Setupati of Ramnad
Ramnad
(1673–1708 A.D.) married Kathali Nachiar, the sister of Thondaiman. He appointed his brother-in-law, Raghunatha Thondaiman, as a chief of the district of Pudukottai. Raghunatha Thondaiman earlier had ruled Thirumayam. In appreciation of Raghunatha Thondaiman's services, Raghunatha Kilavan Setupati gave Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
as an honour for his services. In later centuries, the Thondaiman rulers, while nominally feudatories of the Ramnad
Ramnad
state, often pursued an independent foreign policy, a trend common in all parts of India
India
at that time. After the death of Raghunatha Kilavan Setupati Raghunatha Thondaiman become ruler of Pudukottai.[3] After becoming the ruler of Pudukottai, Thondaiman fought against the Nayaks of Tanjore in support of the Nayaks of Madurai
Madurai
and conquered Thirukkattupalli, a very important place. Then there was a direct clash between the Thondaimans of Pudukottai and the Nayaks, rulers of Tanjore.[4] Thondaiman conquered the west of Thirukkattupalli. The next ruler, Raja Vijaya Reghunatha Raya Thondaiman, helped the Arcot Nawab against Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore. He was also loyal to the British Government. After some time, when Hyder Ali’s army tried to enter Pudukkottai, Thondaiman's army defeated them and drove Hyder’s army away. Thondaiman captured Kilanilai and Aranthangi. He helped the British government against Tipu Sultan. Pudukkotai finally came under formal British protection. This was arguably unavoidable, since the Thondaimans were much menaced in that period by a resurgent Mysore, ruled by Hyder Ali
Hyder Ali
and Tipu Sultan. When Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan
sought to leverage the power of the French against his British adversaries, Pudukkotai, in common with its neighbours, such as Thanjavur
Thanjavur
and Travancore, found it expedient to ally with the British.[5] Raja Rajagopala Thondaiman (1928–1948), the last and ninth in the line of Thondaiman rulers, was selected by the British Government and was crowned when he was six years old. After Indian independence in 1947, the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Princely State was amalgamated with the Indian Union on April 3, 1948 and became a division in Tiruchirappalli District. The long history of the Thondaimans' rule came to an end.

Thondaiman King in his Durbar, Pudukkottai, 1858.

Revenue stamp issued by the princely state of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
with a portrait of Martanda Bhairava Tondaiman

Some of the major kings of the dynasty are Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman (1686–1730), Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman,(1730–1769), Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman (1769 – Dec 1789), Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman (Dec 1789 – 1 February 1807), Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman (1 February 1807 – June 1825), Raghunatha Tondaiman (June 1825 – 13 July 1839), Ramachandra Tondaiman
Ramachandra Tondaiman
(13 July 1839 – 15 April 1886), Marthanda Bhairava Tondaiman
Marthanda Bhairava Tondaiman
(15 April 1886 – 28 May 1928) and Rajagopala Tondaiman (28 October 1928 – 4 March 1948).

The coat of arms of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
state

Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
became a princely state of British India
India
under the political authority of Madras Presidency. The state had an area of 4663 Sq.miles and in 1901, a population of 380,000. The Rajas
Rajas
of Pudukkotai were entitled to a 17-gun salute. The last Thondaiman raja of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
acceded to newly-independent India
India
in 1948, and the state became a division of Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
district of Madras State. The state was reorganised twice in the succeeding decade, taking its present form in 1956; it was renamed Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
in 1968. On 14 January 1974, the present Pudukkottai District
Pudukkottai District
was formed from parts of Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
and Thanjavur
Thanjavur
districts.[6] Geography[edit] Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
is located at 10°23′N 78°49′E / 10.38°N 78.82°E / 10.38; 78.82 in the valley of river Vellar. The city has a semi-arid climate with high temperatures throughout the year, and relatively low rainfall. The city is located in Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
district of the South Indian state, Tamil Nadu, at a distance of 390 km (240 mi) from Chennai. Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
has a plain terrain with a few rocky hills intersped in the outskirts. Urugumalai, Athimalai, Chennaimalai are the hills that surround the city. The rivers that flow in Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
are Amaravathy, Noyal, Bhavani, and Kaveri. There are no notable mineral resources available in and around the city. Red loam and red sand are the types of soil found in the town. Paddy, groundnuts, bananas and sugarcane are the major crops in the region. Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
experiences hot and dry weather throughout the year. The temperature ranges from a maximum of 39.7 °C (103.5 °F) to a minimum of 17.8 °C (64.0 °F). Like the rest of the state, April to June are the hottest months and December to January are the coldest. Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
receives an average of 978.8 mm (38.54 in) of rainfall yearly. The South west monsoon, with an onset in June and lasting up to August, brings scanty rainfall. Bulk of the rainfall is received during the North East monsoon in the months of October, November and December.[7] The municipality covers an area of 21.25 km2 (21,250,000 m2)[8][9][10] Demographics[edit]

Religious census

Religion

Percent(%)

Hindu

88.28%

Muslim

5.86%

Christian

6.13%

Sikh

0.02%

Other

0.26%

No religion

0.26%

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1961 50,428 —    

1971 66,384 +31.6%

1981 87,952 +32.5%

1991 99,058 +12.6%

2001 109,217 +10.3%

2011 143,745 +31.6%

Sources:

1901 – 2001[11] 2011[12]

According to 2016 census, Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
had a population of 1,618,345 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males.[13] A total of 960 were under the age of six. The average literacy of the town was 77.19%.[13] The town had a total of 180 households. There were a total of 1,618,345 workers, comprising 192,462 cultivators, 234,344 main agricultural labourers, 10,170 in house hold industries, 203,272 other workers,[13] 121,445 marginal workers, 128 marginal cultivators, 47 marginal agricultural labourers, 144 marginal workers in household industries and 3,974 other marginal workers.[12] As of 2001, 20 slums were identified in the town and approximately 37,740 people resided in the slums. The population of the town decreased during the 1991–2001 period is attributed to the migration to other cities in search of employment and lesser job opportunities in the town.[11] The city covers an area of 21.25 square kilometres (8.20 sq mi). As per the religious census of 2016, Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
had 88.28% Hindus, 5.86% Muslims, 6.13% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs
Sikhs
and Buddhists, 0.12% Jain, 0.01% following other religions and 0.26% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[13] The Thondaiman king, Vijaya Raghunatha rebuilt the town based on the principles of town planning so that the main streets were laid intersecting at right angles with the palace at the centre.[9] Out of the total area, 80.85% of the land is marked developed and 19.15% of the city remains undeveloped. Residential areas make up 60.1% of the town's total area while commercial enterprises and industrial units make up 4.43% and 1.47% respectively.[14] The population density is not uniform throughout the town. It is high in the centre and lower in the peripheral areas such as Sivagandapuram, Ganesh nagar and the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Housing Area. The density ranges from 200-300 persons per hectare in the central part of the town and 16 - 55 persons per hectare (PPH) in the peripheral areas with low density Hindus
Hindus
form the majority of the urban population, followed by Muslims
Muslims
and Christians. Tamil is the main language spoken in the city, but the use of English is relatively common; English is the medium of instruction in most educational institutions and offices in the service sector.[11] Municipal administration and politics[edit]

Municipality
Municipality
officials

Chairman Rajasekaran[15]

Commissioner J. Subramanian[16]

Vice-Chairman S. Abdul Rahman[17]

Elected members

Member of Legislative Assembly Periannan Arasu[18]

Member of Parliament P. Kumar[19]

Pudukottai is the headquarters of the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
district. The town was constituted as a third-grade municipality in 1912, promoted to first-grade during 1963 and selection-grade from 1998. The Pudukottai municipality has 42 wards and there is an elected councillor for each of those wards.[20] The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: general administration/personnel, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, city planning and Information Technology (IT). All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the executive head.[21] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 42 members, one each from the 42 wards.[22] The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson.[23] Pudukottai is a part of the Pudukottai and it elects a member to the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly once every five years.[24] From the 1977 elections, All India
India
Anna Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) won the assembly seat three times (in 2001 and 2006 elections), two times by Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
(DMK, 1989 and 1996), four times by Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(INC) (1977, 1984 and 1991 elections). The current MLA of Pudukottai constituency is Periyannan arasu from DMK party, who won the byelections after the previous member expired on 1 April 2012.[25][26][27] Pudukottai is a part of the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
(Lok Sabha constituency)  till the 2004 elections before delimitation in 2009 – it had the following six assembly constituencies – Peravurani, Pudukkottai, Alangudi and Arantangi state assembly constituencies.[28] From the 2009 elections, the town is a part of Tiruchirappalli constituency and the current Member of Parliament from the constituency is P. Kumar from the ADMK party. From 1951, the Pudukottai parliament seat was held by the Indian National Congress for five times (during 1957, 1980, 1984, 1989 and 1991 elections), ADMK for three times (during 1998, 1991, 1999 and 2009 elections), Dravid Munnetra Kazhagam three times (during the 1971, 1996 and 2004 elections) and once each by KMPP (during 1951 elections), CPI (during 1962 elections) and CPM (during 1967 elections).[29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is P. Kumar from the ADMK party.[42] Law and order in the city in maintained by the Pudukottai sub division of the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Police headed by a Deputy Superintendent. There are four police stations in the town, with one of them being an all women police station. There are special units like prohibition enforcement, district crime, social justice and human rights, district crime records and special branch that operate at the district level police division headed by a Superintendent of Police.[43] Transportation[edit] Main article: Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
railway station The Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
municipality maintains 122.84 km (76.33 mi) of roads. The city has 4.16 km (2.58 mi) concrete roads, 9.78 km (6.08 mi) WBM roads, 6 km (3.7 mi) gravel roads, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) foot paths and 100.4 km (62.4 mi) bituminous road. A total of 19.908 km (12.370 mi) of state highways is maintained by the State Highways Department and national highways by the National Highways Department.[44] There are two national highways namely the NH 336 Trichy
Trichy
- Ramanathapuram
Ramanathapuram
road and NH 226
NH 226
Perambalur
Perambalur
- Manamadurai
Manamadurai
road that pass via Pudukkottai. There are two state highways that pass via the town - SH 26 Trichy
Trichy
- Mimisal road and SH 71 Musiri
Musiri
- Sethubavachatram road. The other major district roads connect Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
to other parts of the district. The Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
bus stand is a B-grade bus stand located in the centre of the town. The State Express Transport Corporation operates long distance buses connecting the city to important cities like Chennai, Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Karur, Palani, Erode, Velankanni, Tiruvannamalai, Nagercoil, Tiruchendur
Tiruchendur
and Thoothukudi. There are frequent intercity buses operated by the TNSTC Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
division to cities like Tiruchchirapalli, Thanjavur, Madurai, Manapparai, Aranthangi, Karaikkudi, Devakottai, Pattukkottai, Ponnamaravathi, Rameswaram, Chennai
Chennai
and Kumbakonam.[45][46] Pudukkottai railway station
Pudukkottai railway station
has daily express trains to and from Chennai, Rameswaram
Rameswaram
and weekly express trains to Coimbatore, Puducherry, Kanyakumari, Varanasi
Varanasi
and Bhubaneshwar. The town has passenger train services to Trichy, Manamadurai, Rameswaram
Rameswaram
and Karaikudi.[47][48] The nearest local and international airport is the Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located 45 km from the town. Places of interest[edit] Brahadambal and Shiva Temple located in the main town. Thiruvengaivaasal Temple. Sittannavaasal (Ancient drawings and Stone beds). Government Museum (This is the second largest museum of Tamil Nadu). Thirumayam Fort. Porpanaikkottai Temple. Pudukottai palace - A sand casket with a mantra written by saint Sadasiva Brahmendra of 18th century is preserved. A grand palace in Pudukkottai. Economy[edit]

A Paddy field in Regunathapuram Village of Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
district

The SIPCOT Industrial Complex is located on Tiruchirappalli
Tiruchirappalli
- Rameswaram
Rameswaram
National Highways (NH 210). This Industrial complex is well connected by Road, Rail and Air. It was established in 1980. The allotment of land commenced in 1982 to accommodate Engineering and General Industries. The total extent of complex area is 421.10 acres (1.7041 km2). Pudukkottai district
Pudukkottai district
is predominantly an agricultural oriented district. Generally a dry and hot climate prevails in this district and this district's agricultural production depends mainly on the rainfall. The normal annual rainfall of Pudukkottai district
Pudukkottai district
is 922.8 mm. Out of which 52.2 mm is received in winter, 124.6 mm is received in hot weather period, 351.9 mm is received during South West Monsoon and 394.1 mm is received in North East Monsoon. Recently Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Agricultural University started Diploma college in agriculture at Kudimiyanmalai with a strength of approximately 50 students including girls. There are 5,451 irrigation tanks available in this district, of which 172 tanks are system tanks fed by Grand Anaikat Channel and the remaining are rain fed tanks. There are about 47,583 wells in the district catering an area of 100,993 Ha.[49] Paddy is the major crop of this district. 90000 Ha. of area is covered under paddy, out of which 135000 Ha. of area is fed with Kaveri
Kaveri
Mettur
Mettur
Project through G.A. canal. The remaining area is well and tank fed. The present productivity level is 4.985 Mt. of Paddy /Ha.Other than Paddy, Groundnut is the major crop in this district which is mainly cultivated under rain fed condition. Groundnut is being cultivated in 36000 Ha. as rain fed crop and 8000 Ha. under irrigated condition. Millet, pulse, cotton, sugarcane, gingelly are the other crops cultivated in this district. Education and utility services[edit] Main article: List of educational institutions in Pudukkottai As of 2011, there were 33 schools in Pudukkottai: nine primary schools, seven middle schools and 17 high and higher secondary schools. There were three arts and science colleges, namely, H.H.The Rajah’s College for men, Govt. Arts college for Women and Govt. College of Education. There were five industrial training institute ITI in the town, namely, DIET, Govt. Industrial Technical Institute, Advanced I.T.I., Central ITI, Little flower ITI and SriBrahathambal ITI.[50] Electricity supply to Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Electricity Board (TNEB). A Chief Distribution engineer is stationed at the regional headquarters.[51] Water supply is provided by the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality
Municipality
from the Cauvery
Cauvery
river through Jeyapuram head water works located 86 km (53 mi) away and Ammaiyappatti water works located 9.06 km (5.63 mi). In the period 2000–2001, a total of 7 million litres of water was supplied everyday for households in the town.[52] As per the municipal data for 2011, about 30-35 metric tonnes of solid waste were collected from Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
every day by door-to-door collection and subsequently the source segregation and dumping was carried out by the sanitary department of the Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
municipality. The coverage of solid waste management in the town by the municipality had an efficiency of 100% as of 2001.[53] There is no underground drainage system in the town and the sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences.[54] The municipality maintained a total of 191 km (119 mi) of storm water drains in 2011: 55 km (34 mi) pucca drains and 136 km (85 mi) open drains.[55] As of 2011, there were a total of 31 hospitals, municipal dispensary, private dispensaries and private general clinics and five clinical labls that take care of the health care needs of the citizens.[56] As of 2011, the municipality maintained a total of 4,039 street lamps: 631 sodium lamps, 3,450 tube lights and one high mast beam lamp.[57] The municipality operates one weekly market, two daily vegetable markets and one daily fish market that cater to the needs of the town and the rural areas around it.[58] Sports[edit] There is a very famous sports club in Pudukottai which is called Kavinadu Sports Club. This club trains young talented athletes who are doing really good in District, State, Country and even World level sports. Two main long distance runners that India
India
has at the moment (2017) are Miss. Surya and Mr. Lakshmanan who have been trained in this club. Lakshmanan received gold medals for both 5,000 and 10,000 metres running in Asian Athletic championship, 2017. He is the first person from India
India
to win two gold medals in Asian Athletic championship. He also took part in world championships in London, 2017 and finished the 5,000 metres heat with a personal best of 13:35.69 minutes. See also[edit]

Chola Nadu Pattathurani

Notes[edit]

^ Ancient History of Pandyas (1st ed.). Publications Division. 1990 [1981]. ISBN 81-230-0658-6.  ^ "Poll ticket, crowd-funded academy on Santhi's agenda". The Times Of India. TNN. 2016-05-07. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ Howes, Jennifer (2012). Courts of Pre-Colonial South India. Routledge. p. 115. ISBN 9781135789961.  ^ Stein, Burton (1989). The New Cambridge History of India. Cambridge University Press. pp. 136–138. ISBN 9780521266932.  ^ Dirks, Nicholas B. (1987). The Hollow Crown: Ethnohistory of An Indian Kingdom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 66–67. ISBN 0-521-32604-4.  ^ V., Annamalai (1996). Formation And Transformation Of Power In Rural India. Discovery Publishing House. pp. 26–28. ISBN 9788171413232.  ^ " Climate
Climate
and Rainfall" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "About Pudukkottai". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ a b Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 5 ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. ii. ^ a b c Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, pp. 6-7 ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Pudukkottai". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ a b c d "Area and Population" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, pp. 11-12. ^ "Chairman of municipality". Pudukottai Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Commissioner of municipality". Pudukottai Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Vice Chairman of municipality". Pudukottai Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "MLA of Pudukkottai". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-30.  ^ "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2009, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "About the municipality". Pudukottai Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Councillors of municipality". Pudukottai Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Economic and political weekly". 30. Sameeksha Trust. 1995: 2396.  ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
state government. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "MLA of Pudukottai". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Partywise Comparison Since 1977". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Old MLA of Pudukottai". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Election" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 17. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 49. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 67. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 71. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 80. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1980 to the Seventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 79. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 73. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 81. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 51. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1996 to the Eleventh Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 86. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 85. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 94. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Pudukottai Police" (PDF). Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ " Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
roads". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "S.E.T.C. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Ltd., Computer reservation centres". Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ " Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
bus stand". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ Syed Muthahar Saqaf (2013-04-24). "Pudukottai passengers await Pallavan Express". The Hindu. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Passenger train extended to Manamadurai". The Hindu. 2012-04-06. Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Irrigation" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-01-01.  ^ "Educational Institutions". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Important Address" (PDF). Indian Wind Power Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Water Supply Details". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Waste management programme". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Sewarage". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Storm water drains". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ "Hospitals, Medical Labs". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ " Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
street lights". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.  ^ " Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
markets". Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  Conversion of City Corporate Plan to Business Plan for Pudukkottai municipality (PDF) (Report). Commissioner of Municipal Administration, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2008. Retrieved 2012-11-16. 

Further reading[edit]

Edward Duyker
Edward Duyker
& Coralie Younger,Molly and the Rajah: Race, Romance and the Raj, Australian Mauritian Press, Sylvania, 1991, pp. xii, 130, ISBN 0-646-03679-3

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pudukkottai.

Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
Colonial Postal Covers Pudukkottai District
Pudukkottai District
web site

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 State of Tamil Nadu

Capital: Chennai

State symbols

Seal: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Gopuram Animal: Nilgiri tahr Bird: Emerald dove Flower: Gloriosa lily Fruit: Jackfruit Tree: Palm tree

Governance

Governors Chief Ministers Legislative Assembly Political parties Raj Bhavan High Court Police

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Economy Government History Language Literature Music People Education Politics Temples Protected areas Highest point Wildlife Sexual Minorities Tourism

Districts

Ariyalur Chennai Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Dindigul Erode Kanchipuram Kanyakumari Karur Krishnagiri Madurai Nagapattinam Namakkal Perambalur Pudukkottai Ramanathapuram Salem Sivaganga Thanjavur The Nilgiris Theni Thoothukudi Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tiruppur Tiruvallur Tiruvannamalai Tiruvarur Vellore Viluppuram Virudhunagar

Major cities

Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirapalli Tiruppur

Tamil Nadu

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Municipalities of Tamil Nadu

Municipal Corporations

Greater Chennai · Coimbatore · Madurai · Erode · Salem · Thoothukudi · Tiruchirappalli  · Tirunelveli · Thanjavur
Thanjavur
 · Tiruppur
Tiruppur
 · Vellore  · Dindigul

Municipalities

Special
Special
grade

Avadi Cuddalore Hosur Kancheepuram Karaikudi Karur Kodaikanal Kovilpatti Kumbakonam Maraimalainagar Nagercoil Pallavapuram Pollachi Rajapalayam Sivakasi Tambaram Thiruvannamalai Udhagamandalam

Selection grade

Ambur Alandur Attur Chidambaram Coonoor Dharmapuri Gobichettipalayam Mannargudi Mayiladuthurai Mettupalayam Mettur Nagapattinam Namakkal Palani Pammal Pattukkottai Pudukkottai Ranipet Theni Allinagaram Thiruverkadu Thuraiyur Tindivanam Tiruchengode Tiruppattur Udumalaipettai Valparai Vaniyambadi Viluppuram Virudhunagar

First grade

Arakkonam Arani Aranthangi Arcot Aruppukkottai Bodinayakanur Chengalpattu Colachel Cumbum Devakottai Dharapuram Edappadi Gudiyatham Kadayanallur Kallakurichi Komarapalayam Krishnagiri Manapparai Palladam Panruti Paramakudi Poonamallee Ramanathapuram Rasipuram Sankarankovil Sembakkam Sathyamangalam Sivagangai Srivilliputhur Thiruthangal Tiruvallur tenkasi Tiruvarur Virudhachalam

Second grade

Ambasamudram Anakaputhur Ariyalur Bhavani Chinnamanur Gudalur (Nilgiris district) Gudalur (Theni district) Jayankondam Jolarpet Kangeyam Kayalpattinam Keelakarai Koothanallur Kulithalai Kuzhithurai Maduranthakam Melur Melvisharam Nellikuppam Nelliyalam Oddanchatram Padmanabhapuram Pallipalayam Perambalur Periyakulam Pernampattu Puliyankudi Punjai Puliampatti Rameswaram Sattur Sengottai Sirkazhi Thiruthani Thiruthuraipoondi Thiruvathipuram Thuvakudi Tirumangalam Usilampatti Vandavasi Vedaranyam Vellakoil Vikramasingapuram Walajapet

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Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
district

District Headquarters

Pudukkottai

Country

India

State

Tamil Nadu

Region

Chola Nadu

Divisions

Aranthangi Pudukkottai Illuppur

Taluks

Alangudi Aranthangi Avadaiyarkoil Gandarvakottai Illuppur Kulathur Manamelkudi Pudukkottai Thirumayam Virallimalai

Villages

Nattampatti

Revenue blocks

Annavasal Avadaiyarkoil Aranthangi Arimalam Gandharvakottai Karambakudi Kunandarkoil Manamelkudi Ponnamaravathi Pudukkottai Thirumayam Thiruvarankulam Viralimalai

Municipalities

Aranthangi Pudukkottai

Rivers

Kaveri Pambar Vellar

History

Early Cholas Kalabhras Pallavas Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Delhi Sultanate Madurai
Madurai
Sultanate Vijayanagar Empire Madurai
Madurai
Nayaks Ramnad
Ramnad
estate Pudukkottai
Pudukkottai
state

Places of interest

Aranthangi
Aranthangi
Fort Atmanatha Temple, Avudaiyarkoil Avur Church Government Museum, Thirukokarnam Kattubava Mosque Kokarneswarar Temple, Thirukokarnam Moovar Koil Murugan Temple, Kumaranmalai Narthamalai Sikharagiriswara Temple, Kudumiyamalai Sittanavasal
Sittanavasal
Cave Thirumayam Fort Viralimalai Murugan temple

Cities and towns People Villages

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 159467453 LCCN: n82062457 GND: 4365882-9 BNF:

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