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Philippines
Coordinates : 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 Republic of the Philippines _Republika ng Pilipinas_ (Filipino ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: " Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
" "For God, People, Nature, and Country" ANTHEM: _ Lupang Hinirang
Lupang Hinirang
_ _Chosen Land_ GREAT SEAL _ Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas _ (Tagalog) Great Seal of the Philippines CAPITAL
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Filipino Language
FILIPINO /ˌfɪlɪˈpiːnoʊ/ (_ listen ) (Wikang Filipino_ ), in this usage, refers to the national language of the Philippines . Filipino is also designated, along with English , as an official language of the country. It is the standard register of the Tagalog language , an Austronesian , regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines. As of 2007, Tagalog is the first language of 28 million people, or about one-third of the Philippine population , while 45 million speak Filipino as their second language . Filipino is among the 185 languages of the Philippines identified in the _ Ethnologue _. Officially, Filipino is defined by the Commission on the Filipino Language (_Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino_ in Filipino or simply KWF) as "the native language, spoken and written, in Metro Manila , the National Capital Region, and in other urban centers of the archipelago." Filipino is taken to be a pluricentric language . Indeed, there have been observed "emerging varieties of Filipino which deviate from the grammatical properties of Tagalog" in Cebu , Davao City and Iloilo which together with Metro Manila form the four largest metropolitan areas in the Philippines. In reality, however, Filipino has been variously described as "simply Tagalog in syntax and grammar, with no grammatical element or lexicon coming from ..
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Flag Of The Philippines
The NATIONAL FLAG OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : _Pambansang Watawat ng Pilipinas_) is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet , and with a white, equilateral triangle at the hoist . In the center of the triangle is a golden-yellow sun with eight primary rays, each representing a Philippine province. At each vertex of the triangle is a five-pointed, golden-yellow star, each of which representing one of the country's three main island groups— Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao , the central star originally referred to Panay (where Iloilo is located, the first province outside Luzon to have raised this flag) which is commonly mistaken to be the whole island group of Visayas . Panay, which recent interpretations call as _"as representative of the entire Visayas region"_. A unique feature of this flag is its ability to indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red side on top
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Coat Of Arms Of The Philippines
The COAT OF ARMS OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : _Eskudo ng Pilipinas_ or _Sagisag ng Pilipinas_) features the eight-rayed sun of the Philippines with each ray representing the eight provinces ( Batangas , Bulacan , Cavite , Manila , Laguna , Nueva Ecija , Pampanga and Tarlac ) which were placed under martial law by Governor-General Ramón Blanco during the Philippine Revolution , and the three five-pointed stars representing the three primary geographic regions of Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . On the blue field on the dexter side is the American bald eagle of the United States , and on the red field on the sinister side is the _lion rampant _ of the coat of arms of the Kingdom of León , both representing the country's colonial past. The current arms, which shares many features of the national flag, was designed by Filipino artist and heraldist Captain Galo B. Ocampo
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Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan At Makabansa
"Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa... Ang "Turo" ng Panginoon na JesuCristo ay Maging "Mabuti" na mga anak sa ating AMA na Panginoon Dyos, Ang "Banal" na Espiritu Santo ("Good" Children to Our Father, Lord God, the "Holy" Spirit of the Good) is the national motto of the Philippines
Philippines
. Derived from the last four lines of the Pledge of Allegiance to the Philippine Flag , it was adopted on February 12, 1998 with the passage of Republic Act No. 8491, the Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines, during the presidency of Fidel V. Ramos . Its adoption came twelve years after the abolition of the country's previous motto, " Isang Bansa, Isang Diwa ", which was adopted during the presidency of Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
in 1979 The motto has been interpreted as embodying a set of common core Filipino values , with each of the four being connected to one another. Columnist Bobit Avila of the Philippine Star interpreted the motto as showing that Pilipinos love God first before anything else. Another columnist, Kay Malilong Isberto of The Freeman , the Cebu City -based sister paper of the Star, meanwhile explains that the motto represents the duties of good Pilipino citizens. Although " Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa
was made official in 1998, most Filipinos are unaware of it
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Lupang Hinirang
_LUPANG HINIRANG_ (English : _Chosen Land_; Spanish : _Patria Adorada_) is the national anthem of the Philippines . Its music was composed in 1898 by Julián Felipe , and the lyrics were adapted from the Spanish poem _Filipinas _, written by José Palma in 1899. Originally written it did not have lyrics when it was adopted as the anthem of the revolutionary First Philippine Republic and subsequently played during the proclamation of Philippine independence on June 12, 1898. Under the American period , the Flag Act of 1907 prohibited the public display of flags, banners, emblems, or devices used by revolutionaries in the Philippine–American War . Under this law, the colonial government banned the song from being played. The Flag Law was repealed in 1919. Under the Commonwealth , Commonwealth Act № 382, approved on September 5, 1938, officially adopted the musical arrangement and composition by Julián Felipe as the national anthem. The Spanish lyrics were translated into Tagalog beginning in the 1940s, with the current Filipino version from 1956 undergoing a slight revision in the 1960s. Over the years, several English versions came into use. On February 12, 1998, Republic Act № 8491 codified the Filipino lyrics, abandoning use of the Spanish and English versions
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Great Seal Of The Philippines
The COAT OF ARMS OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : _Eskudo ng Pilipinas_ or _Sagisag ng Pilipinas_) features the eight-rayed sun of the Philippines with each ray representing the eight provinces ( Batangas , Bulacan , Cavite , Manila , Laguna , Nueva Ecija , Pampanga and Tarlac ) which were placed under martial law by Governor-General Ramón Blanco during the Philippine Revolution , and the three five-pointed stars representing the three primary geographic regions of Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . On the blue field on the dexter side is the American bald eagle of the United States , and on the red field on the sinister side is the _lion rampant _ of the coat of arms of the Kingdom of León , both representing the country's colonial past. The current arms, which shares many features of the national flag, was designed by Filipino artist and heraldist Captain Galo B. Ocampo
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Manila
MANILA (/məˈnɪlə/ ; Filipino : _Maynilà_, pronounced or ), officially the CITY OF MANILA (Filipino : _Lungsod ng Maynilà_ ), is the capital of the Philippines
Philippines
and the most densely populated city proper in the world. It was the first chartered City by virtue of the Philippine Commission Act 183 on July 31, 1901 and gained autonomy with the passage of Republic Act No. 409 or the "Revised Charter of the City of Manila" on June 18, 1949. Spanish Manila
Manila
was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish _conquistador _ Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
, it is one of the oldest cities in the Philippines
Philippines
and was the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers. It is situated on the eastern shore of Manila Bay
Manila Bay
and is home to many landmarks, some of which date back to the 16th century. In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila
Manila
as an alpha- global city . The city proper is home to 1,780,148 people in 2015 , and is the historic core of a built-up area that extends well beyond its administrative limits. The term "Manila" is commonly used to refer to the whole metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area or the city proper
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Quezon City
QUEZON CITY (/ˈkɛzɒn/ _KEZ-on_ ; Filipino : _Lungsod Quezon_, Tagalog pronunciation: ; Spanish : _Ciudad Quezón_ ; also known as QC) is the most populous city in the Philippines . It was founded by and named after Manuel L. Quezon , the 2nd President of the Philippines to replace Manila as the national capital . The city eventually became the capital of the Philippines from 1948-1976. It is the largest city in terms of population and land area in Metro Manila , the National Capital Region of the Philippines . Quezon City is not located in and should not be confused with Quezon Province , which was also named after the president. It is the largest city in Metro Manila in terms of land area. Quezon City is the site of many government offices, the most important of which are the Batasang Pambansa Complex – the seat of the House of Representatives (the lower chamber of the Philippine Congress ), and the Quezon City Reception House – the current seat of the Vice President of the Philippines . Quezon City also hosts the University of the Philippines Diliman –the national university–and Ateneo de Manila University . The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City
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Philippine English
PHILIPPINE ENGLISH is any variety of English (similar and related to American English ) native to the Philippines , including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos . English is taught in schools as one of the two official languages of the country, the other being Filipino (Tagalog ). Code-switching is prevalent in informal situations. CONTENTS * 1 Orthography and grammar * 2 Phonology * 2.1 Vowels * 2.2 Consonants * 3 Vocabulary * 4 History * 5 Industries based on English * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links ORTHOGRAPHY AND GRAMMARPhilippine laws and court decisions, with extremely rare exceptions, are written solely in English. English is also used in higher education , religious affairs, print and broadcast media, and business. Most educated Filipinos are bilinguals and speak English as one of their languages. Still, for highly technical subjects such as nursing, medicine, computing and calculus, English is the preferred medium for textbooks, communication, etc. Very few would prefer highly technical books in the vernacular. Movies and TV shows in English are usually not dubbed in most cable channels except a few such as Tagalized Movie Channel
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Languages Of The Philippines
There are some 120 to 175 languages and dialects in the Philippines , depending on the method of classification. Four others are no longer spoken. Almost all are Malayo-Polynesian languages , whereas one, Chavacano , is a creole derived from Spanish a Romance language . Two are official (English and Filipino), while (as of 2017 ) nineteen are official auxiliary languages . Including second-language speakers, there are more speakers of Filipino than English in the Philippines. The Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino enumerated 135 Philippine languages present in the country through its Atlas Filipinas map published in 2014. The indigenous scripts of the Philippines (such as the Kulitan , Tagbanwa and others) are used very little; instead, Filipino languages are today written in the Latin script because of the Spanish and American colonial experience. Baybayin however, one of the most well-known of the indigenous Filipino scripts, is used by the government in some applications such as on the Philippine Banknotes , where the word "Pilipino" is inscribed using the writing system. As well, the Arabic script is used in Muslim areas in some areas in southern Philippines
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Aklanon Language
AKLANON (_Akeanon_), also known as AKLAN, is a regional Visayan language spoken in the province of Aklan on the island of Panay in the Philippines . Its unique feature among other Visayan languages is the close-mid back unrounded vowel occurring as part of diphthongs and traditionally written with the letter E such as in the name _Akeanon_ (Aklanon). However, this phoneme is also present in sister Philippine languages , namely Itbayat , Isneg , Manobo , Samal and Sagada . The Malaynon dialect is 93% lexically similar to Aklanon and retained the "l" sounds, which elsewhere are often pronounced as "r". Ibayjanon (Ibajaynon) dialect has shortened versions of Aklanon words. CONTENTS* 1 Phonology * 1.1 Vowels * 1.2 Consonants * 2 Common phrases * 2.1 Numbers * 2.2 Literature * 3 Learning resources * 4 References * 5 External links PHONOLOGYAklanon has 21 phonemes. There are 16 consonants: p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, ng, s, h, l, r, w, y and the glottal stop ʔ. There are six vowels: i, e, ɤ, a, o and u
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Bikol Languages
The BIKOL LANGUAGES are a group of Central Philippine languages spoken mostly on the Bicol Peninsula in the island of Luzon , the neighbouring island province of Catanduanes and the island of Burias of Masbate . There is a dialect continuum between the Visayan languages and the Bikol languages; the two together are called the Bisakol languages
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Cebuano Language
The CEBUANO LANGUAGE, alternatively called CEBUAN (/seˈbuːən/ ) and also often colloquially albeit imprecisely referred to by most of its speakers simply as BISAYA ("_Visayan_"; not to be confused with other Visayan languages
Visayan languages
), is an Austronesian regional language spoken in the Philippines
Philippines
by about 20 million people, mostly in Central Visayas , eastern Negros Island Region , western parts of Eastern Visayas and most parts of Mindanao
Mindanao
, most of whom belong to the Visayan ethnic group , mainly the Cebuanos . It is the most widely spoken of the languages within the so-named Visayan language family and is somewhat related to other Philippine languages . It has the largest native language-speaking population of the Philippines
Philippines
despite not being taught formally in schools and universities until 2012. It is the _lingua franca _ of the Central Visayas, eastern Negros Island Region (especially Negros Oriental ), western parts of Eastern Visayas and most parts of Mindanao
Mindanao
. The name Cebuano is derived from the island of Cebu
Cebu
, which is the urheimat or origin of the language
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Chavacano
CHAVACANO or CHABACANO is a Spanish-based creole language spoken in the Philippines
Philippines
. The word Chabacano is derived from Spanish, meaning "poor taste", "vulgar", for the Chavacano
Chavacano
language, developed in Cavite City , Ternate
Ternate
, Zamboanga and Ermita
Ermita
. Six different dialects have developed: Zamboangueño in Zamboanga City , Davaoeño Zamboangueño / Castellano Abakay in Davao City , Ternateño in Ternate, Cavite , Caviteño in Cavite City, Cotabateño in Cotabato City and Ermiteño in Ermita. Chavacano
Chavacano
is the only Spanish-based creole in Asia
Asia
. It has survived for more than 400 years, making it one of the oldest creole languages in the world. Among Philippine languages